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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

453.0000 Family Rubiaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 196 (1789), nom. cons.
589 genera, ca. 14.200 spp. mostly tropics, comparably few temperate
Species listed in database: 14178; hybrids: 48
= Aparinaceae Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 2: 3, 38 (1813-1829)
= Asperulaceae Cham. ex Spenn.; Handb. Angew. Bot. 2: 493 (1835)
= Catesbaeaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 111 (1820)
= Cephalanthaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 86 (1820)
= Cinchonaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 234 (1802)
= Coffeaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 233 (1802)
= Coutareaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Dialypetalanthaceae Rizzini & Occhioni; Lilloa 17: 253 (1948), nom. cons.
= Galiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 249 (1836)
= Gardeniaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 29, 32 (1829)
= Guettardaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 235 (1802)
= Hameliaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 31 (1835)
= Hedyotidaceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot.: 57 (1822)
= Henriqueziaceae Bremek.; Acta Bot. Neerl. 6 (Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 141): 371 (1957)
= Houstoniaceae Raf.; Good Book: 21 (1840)
= Hydrophylacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 318 (1820)
= Lippayaceae Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 156, Comm. 112 (1838)
= Lygodisodeaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 123, 207 (1830)
= Naucleaceae Wernham; New Phytol. 11: 225 (1912)
= Nonateliaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 420 (1820)
= Operculariaceae Juss. ex Perleb; Vers. Arzneikr. Pfl.: 207 (1818)
= Pagamaeaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 447 (1820)
= Psychotriaceae F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 49 (1830)
= Randiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 534 (1820)
= Sabiceaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 555 (1820)
= Spermacoceaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 256 (1820)
= Theligonaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 15, 17 (1829), nom. cons.
453.2721 Genus Rubia L.; Sp. Pl.: 109 (1753)
Distribution: West, Central, and Southeast Europe, Mediterranean, trop. and S-Africa, temp. Asia, Himalayas, trop. America
Species listed in database: 86
species :
Rubia aitchisonii Deb & Malick; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 781 (1967)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
Remarks: status uncertain, not recognized in Fl. Iranica
species :
Rubia alaica Pachom.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 9: 368 (1987)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
species :
Rubia alata Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 384 (1820)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Nepal; India (Sikkim)
36 CHI 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia cordifolia var. longifolia Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7: 1037 (1936)
= Rubia lanceolata Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 25(19): 117 (1908)
species :
Rubia albicaulis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 53 (1843) et Fl. 3: 18 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran, S-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia albicaulis var. stenophylla Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 19 (1875)
= Rubia brevicaulis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 100 (1854)
= Rubia kotschyi Boiss. ex Hohen.; Exsicc. (Pl. Pers. Bor.) 1842: no. 543 (1845)
= Rubia trachyantha Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 6: 70 (1846)
species :
Rubia angustisissima Wall. ex G.Don; Gen. Syst. 3: 643 (1834), descr.
Distribution: Myanmar (Chin, Sagaing); Laos
41 LAO MYA
species :
Rubia argyi (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Hara ex Lauener; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 32(1): 114 (1972)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 58 (1908)
= Rubia akane Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 783, in clavi. (1937)
= Rubia akane var. erecta Masam.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 29: 63 (1939)
= Rubia argyi var. pubescens (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 316 (2017)
= Rubia chekiangensis Deb; Bull. Bot. Soc. Beng. 24(1-2): 166 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Rubia cordifolia var. pubescens Nakai; T. Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea: 326 (1922)
= Rubia nankotaizana Masam.; Hokuriku J. Bot. 2: 40 (1953)
= Rubia pubescens (Nakai) Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 783 (1937)
species :
Rubia atropurpurea Decne.; Recherch. Anat. & Physiol. Garance (Mem. Acad. Brux. xii) 61 (1837)
Distribution: India (Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab)
40 IND
species :
Rubia austrozhejiangensis Z.P.Lei, Y.Y.Zhou & R.W.Wang; Nordic J. Bot. 31(3): 305 (2013)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia balearica (Willk.) Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 307 (1887)
subspecies :
subsp. balearica
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza, Cabrera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia peregrina var. balearica Willk.; Österr. Bot. Z. 25: 110 (1875)
= Rubia balearica (Willk.) G.López; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 53(1): 135 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. caespitosa (Font Quer & Marcos) Rosselló, L.Sáez & Mus; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 55(2): 479 (1997)
Distribution: Baleares (Cabrera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia angustifolia subsp. caespitosa (Font Quer & Marcos) Romo; Fl. Silvestres Baleares 284 (1994)
= Rubia angustifolia subsp. caespitosa (Font Quer & Marcos) Rosselló, Mus, N.Torres & Gradaille; Candollea 48(2): 599 (1993)
= Rubia angustifolia var. caespitosa Font Quer & Marcos; Cavanillesia 8: 46 (1936)
= Rubia caespitosa (Font Quer & Marcos) Rosselló; Flora Montiber. 34: 6 (2006)
species :
Rubia caramanica Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 58, B: 290 (1938)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Rubia charifolia Wall. ex G.Don; Gen. Syst. 3: 643 (1834)
Distribution: W-Nepal; India (Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia charifolia Wall.; Numer. List 211, n. 6210 (1831 publ. 1832), nom. nud.
species :
Rubia chinensis Regel & Maack; Regel, Tent. Fl. Ussur. 76 (1861)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (E- & N-China); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia chinensis f. mitis (Miq.) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 585 (1979)
= Rubia mitis Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 112 (1867)
variant :
var. glabrescens (Nakai) Kitag.; Lineam. Fl. Mansh. 405 (1939)
Distribution: China (NE-China); North Korea; South Korea; Japan
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia chinensis var. pedicellata (Nakai) H.Hara; Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2 : 29 (1950)
= Rubia mitis f. glabrescens Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 14(2): 115 (1938)
= Rubia pedicellata Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 14: 116 (1938)
species :
Rubia chitralensis Ehrend.; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 3: 228 (1954)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 PAK
species :
Rubia clematidifolia Blume ex Decne.; Nouv. Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 12: 60 (1837)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Rubia cordifolia L.; Syst. ed. XII. 229 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. cordifolia
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Parwan); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Hunan, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); Pakistan (Swat, Baluchistan, Hazara, Waziristan, Murree, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar, Dir, Chitral, Gilgit); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Magway, Mandalay, Shan); Laos; Sumatra; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Java
30 SIB 31 RFE 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 LAO MYA 42 JAW PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Dioscorea verticillata Lam.; Encycl. 3: 231 (1789)
= Galium cordifolium (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 119 (1898)
= Rubia clematifolia Reinw. ex Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 338 (1857)
= Rubia cordata Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 60 (1784)
= Rubia cordifolia f. lancifolia Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 76 (1861)
= Rubia cordifolia f. pratensis (Maxim.) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 586 (1979), isonym
= Rubia cordifolia f. pratensis (Maxim.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 76 (1861)
= Rubia cordifolia f. strigosa Deb & Malick; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 782 (1966)
= Rubia cordifolia subsp. pratensis (Maxim.) Kitag.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 17: 7 (1957)
= Rubia cordifolia var. affinis Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 46: 162 (1877)
= Rubia cordifolia var. alaschanica G.H.Liu; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 21(4): 570 (1990)
= Rubia cordifolia var. coriacea Z.Y.Zhang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(5): 420, 15 (1985)
= Rubia cordifolia var. javana (DC.) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 338 (1857)
= Rubia cordifolia var. membranacea Franch. ex Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 279 (1912)
= Rubia cordifolia var. pratensis Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 139 (1859)
= Rubia hispidicaulis D.G.Long; Edinburgh J. Bot. 53(1): 109 (1996)
= Rubia javana DC.; Prodr. 4: 588 (1830)
= Rubia pratensis (Maxim.) Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 783, in clavi (1937)
= Rubia purpurea Decne.; V. Jacquem., Voy. Inde 4: 84 (1844)
= Rubia scandens Zoll. & Moritzi; A. Koord.-Schumach., Syst. Verz.: 66 (1911)
= Rubia secunda Moon; Cat. Pl. Ceylon: 10 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. conotricha (Gand.) Verdc.; Kew Bull. 30(2): 323 (1975)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia conotricha Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 35 (1918)
= Rubia longipetiolata Bullock; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 497 (1932)
species :
Rubia crassipes Coll. & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 68 (1890)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Myanmar; N-Thailand
36 CHI 41 MYA THA
species :
Rubia cretacea Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 721 (1958)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Rubia danaensis Danin; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 163 (1997)
Distribution: Jordania
34 JOR
species :
Rubia davisiana Ehrend.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 324, t. 1 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Rubia deserticola Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 722 (1958)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
species :
Rubia discolor Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 18: 310 (1845)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia braunii Hochst.; Flora 24(1 Intell. 1): 27 (1841), nom. nud.
= Rubia cordifolia var. discolor (Turcz.) K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 395 (1895)
species :
Rubia dolichophylla Schrenk; Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 2: 115 (1844)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan (Pribalkhash, Pamir-Alai); Afghanistan (Ghorat); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia dolichophylla var. kalshirica Serg.; Krylov, Fl. Zap. Sibiri 10: 2575 (1939)
species :
Rubia edgeworthii Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 203 (1881)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); NW-India (Uttarakhand)
36 CHI 40 IND
species :
Rubia falciformis H.S.Lo; Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1):23 (1999)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia filiformis F.C.How ex G.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 24 (1999)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia florida Boiss. ex Hohen.; Exsicc. (Pl. Pers. Bor.) 1842: no. 245 (1845)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Rubia fruticosa Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 147 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. fruticosa
Name: Strauchiger Krapp (DE); Tasaigo (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY MDR SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia canariensis Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 706 (1812)
= Rubia fruticosa var. angustifolia Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 296 (1891)
= Rubia fruticosa var. pendula Pit.; C.-J. M. Pit. & L. Proust, Iles Canaries: 210 (1909)
= Rubia galioides Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 705 (1812)
= Rubia gratiosa Menezes; J. Sci. Mat. Fis. Nat. Lisboa, 24 (Ser. 3, vol. 5): 186 (1927)
= Rubia scabra Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 59 (1796), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. melanocarpa (Bornm.) Bramwell; Cuad. Bot. Canaria 11: 20 (1970)
Name: Schwarzfrüchtiger Krapp (DE); Tasaigo negro (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia fruticosa var. melanocarpa Bornm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 390 (1903)
= Rubia melanocarpa (Bornm.) Svent.; Index Seminum (ORT) 1970: 41 (1971)
subspecies :
subsp. periclymenum (Schenck) Sunding; Monogr. Biol. Canar. 3: 70 (1972)
Name: Geißblattartiger Krapp (DE); Tasaigo trepador (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma, La Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia fruticosa var. periclymenum Schenck; Wiss. Ergebn. Deutsch. Valdivia: 362 (1907)
species :
Rubia garrettii Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 29 (1933)
Distribution: N-Myanmar; N-Thailand
41 MYA THA
species :
Rubia gedrosiaca Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 59, B: 297 (1939)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral, Baluchistan)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
species :
Rubia haematantha Airy Shaw; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1931: 450 (1931)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia hangii L.E Yang & Z.L.Nie; Phytotaxa 291(1): 48 (2017)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia hexaphylla (Makino) Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 4: 9 (1927)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia cordifolia var. hexaphylla Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18: 144 (1904)
= Rubia cordifolia subsp. hexaphylla (Makino) Kitag.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 17: 7 (1957)
species :
Rubia himalayensis Klotzsch; Bot. Ergeb. Waldem. Reise, 86 (1862)
Distribution: Pakistan (Quetta, Baluchistan); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
species :
Rubia horrida (Thunb.) Puff; Kew Bull. 32(2): 432 (1978)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium horridum Thunb.; G. F. Hoffmann, Phytogr. Blume1: 16 (1803)
= Rubia petiolaris var. heterophylla Sond.; Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865)
species :
Rubia infundibularis Hemsl. & Lace; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 324 (1891)
Distribution: E-Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Oman; Pakistan (Swat, Quetta, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Hazara, Murree, Salt Range); NW-India (Punjab, Poonch)
34 AFG 35 OMA 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia albicaulis f. infundibularis (Hemsl. & Lace) Deb & Malick; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 783 (1966)
= Rubia kurramensis Nazim.; Fl. Pakistan, 190: 44 (1989)
species :
Rubia jesoensis (Miq.) Miyabe & Kudô; Fl. Hokkaido: 291 (1915)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium jesoense Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 112 (1867)
= Rubia tatarica var. grandis F.Schmidt; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 12(2): 144 (1868)
= Rubia grandis (F.Schmidt) Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 25: 487 (1907)
species :
Rubia komarovii Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 724 (1958)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Rubia krascheninnikovii Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 724 (1958)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
30 SIB 32 KAZ
species :
Rubia laevissima Tschern.; Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 558, 643 (1961)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Rubia latipetala H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 23 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia laurae (Holmboe) Airy Shaw; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937: 343 (1937)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium laurae Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr. N. S. 1: 171 (1914)
species :
Rubia laxiflora Gontsch.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 11: 163 (1949)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Pamir-Alai); Afghanistan (Takhar)
32 TZK 34 AFG
species :
Rubia linii J.M.Chao; Biol. Bull. Natl. Taiwan Norm. Univ. 1: 48 (1966)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Rubia magna P.K.Hsiao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23: 390 (1985)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia mandersii Coll. & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 68 (1890)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Myanmar; N-Thailand
36 CHI 41 MYA THA
species :
Rubia manjith Roxb. ex Fleming; As. Research. 11: 177 (1810)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Qinghai); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia cordifolia f. rubra Kitam.; F. & Fl. Nep. Him. 232 (1955), nom. non rite publ.
= Rubia cordifolia f. tetramera Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 21: 162 (1907)
= Rubia cordifolia var. khasiana G.Watt; Calc. Exhib. Cat. Pt. 2: 54 (1889)
= Rubia cordifolia var. munjista (Roxb.) Miq.; Ann. Mus. B. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 111 (1867)
= Rubia mungith Roxb. ex Desv.; J. de B. Desv. 1814(2): 207 (1814)
= Rubia munjista Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 10 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 383 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 374 (1832)
= Rubia munjith Roxb. ex Playfair; Taleef Shareef 150 (1833)
species :
Rubia maymanensis Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 55 (2005)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Faryab)
34 AFG
species :
Rubia membranacea Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 279 (1912)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia membranacea var. caudata Z.Y.Zhang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(5): 421, 17 (1985)
= Rubia membranacea var. incurvata Z.Y.Zhang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(5): 421, 17 (1985)
species :
Rubia occidens Capelo, M.Seq. & H.Schaef.; Silva Lusitana 21(2): 236 (2014), nom. nov.
Name: Westlicher Krapp (DE); Azaigo de risco (ES)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
12 SPA 20 MOR 21 AZO CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia agostinhoi Dans. & P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 16(1): 62 (1974)
= Rubia peregrina subsp. agostinhoi (Dans. & P.Silva) Valdés Berm. & G.López; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles 34(1): 168 (1977)
= Rubia peregrina var. azorica Tutin & E.F.Warb.; J. Bot. 70: 10 (1932)
species :
Rubia oncotricha Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 1031 (1936)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia oppositifolia Griff.; Itin. Notes (Posthum. Pap. 2): 356 (1848), emend. Ehrend. 1959
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
species :
Rubia ovatifolia Z.Y.Zhang ex Q.Lin; J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 24(3): 212 (2006)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Gansu, Zhejiang, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia ovatifolia Z.Y.Zhang; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(5): 420, 15 (1985)
= Rubia ovatifolia var. oligantha H.S.Lo; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 71(2): 338 (1999)
species :
Rubia pallida Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 277 (1912)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia pauciflora Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 54 (1843)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran, S-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Rubia pavlovii Bajtenov & Myrz.; Fl. Rast. Res. Kaz.: 179 (1975)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Rubia peregrina L.; Sp. Pl. 109 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. peregrina
Name: Kletten-Krapp (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia)
10 GRB IRE 11 ger 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium peregrinum (L.) Franch.; Fl. Loir-et-Cher: 260 (1885)
= Rubia anglica Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 54 (1762)
= Rubia angustifolia L.; Mantissa 39 (1767)
= Rubia angustifolia subsp. requienii (Duby) Cardona & Sierra; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 37(2): 572 (1980 publ. 1981)
= Rubia aucheri K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 463 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Rubia barcinonensis Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 148 (1928)
= Rubia bocconii Petagna; Inst. Bot. 2: 255 (1787)
= Rubia clementii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 146 (1928)
= Rubia dalmatica Scheele; Linnaea 17: 342 (1843)
= Rubia erratica Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 327 (1899)
= Rubia fontqueri Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 147 (1928)
= Rubia grandifolia Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 145 (1928)
= Rubia linearifolia Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 5: 32 (1921)
= Rubia lucida L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2: 732 (1767)
= Rubia lucida var. pubescens Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1861: 110 (1862)
= Rubia peregrina subsp. angustifolia (L.) Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 41 (1884)
= Rubia peregrina subsp. requienii (Duby) Cardona & Sierra; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 37: 572 (1980 publ. 1981)
= Rubia peregrina var. angustifolia (L.) Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 12 (1850)
= Rubia peregrina var. bocconei (Petagna) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 2 (1903)
= Rubia peregrina var. dalmatica (Scheele) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879)
= Rubia peregrina var. intermedia Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 13 (1850)
= Rubia peregrina var. latifolia Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 2: 13 (1850), nom. superfl.
= Rubia peregrina var. lucida (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879), isonym
= Rubia peregrina var. lucida (L.) Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Rubia peregrina var. requienii (Duby) Cardona; Lagascalia 4: 218 (1974)
= Rubia peregrina var. rotundifolia Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 7: 199 (1924)
= Rubia peregrina var. splendens (Hoffmanns. & Link) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879)
= Rubia reiseri Halácsy ex Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 476 (1930)
= Rubia requienii Duby; Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 247 (1830)
= Rubia splendens Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 2: 67 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. longifolia (Poir.) O.Bolòs; Simpos. Fl. Eur. 5: 84 (1969)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura)
12 BAL FRA SPA 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia peregrina var. longifolia (Poir.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 3 (1903)
= Rubia peregrina subsp. longifolia (Poir.) Valdés Berm. & G.López; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles 34(1): 168 (1977), isonym
= Rubia longifolia Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 705 (1812)
species :
Rubia petiolaris DC.; Prod. 4: 588 (1830)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia petiolaris var. isophylla Sond.; Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 35 (1865)
species :
Rubia philippinensis Elmer; Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 9: 3214 (1934)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Rubia pianmaensis R.Li & H.Li; Phytotaxa 140(1): 51 (2013)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia podantha Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 277 (1912)
Distribution: China (W-Guangxi, W-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia nephrophylla Deb; Bull. Bot. Soc. Beng., 24(1-2): 163 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Rubia polyphlebia H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 22 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia pseudogalium Ehrend.; Novon 20(3): 268 (-270, fig. 1) (2010)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia pterygocaulis H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 22 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia rechingeri Ehrend.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 56: 213 (1948)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Rubia regelii Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 723 (1958)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
species :
Rubia rezniczenkoana Litv.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 7: 75 (1910)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
species :
Rubia rigidifolia Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 726 (1958)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia albocostata Ehrend.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 138(1959)
species :
Rubia rotundifolia Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 267 (1794)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 54 (1843)
species :
Rubia salicifolia H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 24 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Guangdong, ?Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia schugnanica B.Fedtsch. ex Pojark.; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 725 (1958)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Pamir); China (Xinjiang)
32 TZK 36 CHI
species :
Rubia schumanniana E.Pritz.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 583 (1901)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia chinensis var. esquirolii (H.Lév.) H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 248 (1917)
= Rubia cordifolia var. leiocaulis Franch. ex Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 277 (1912)
= Rubia cordifolia var. maillardii (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Lév.; Fl. Kouy-Tchéou: 371 (1915)
= Rubia esquirolii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 439 (1912)
= Rubia leiocaulis Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 277 (1912)
= Rubia maillardii H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: p. cxlv. (1907)
= Rubia schumanniana var. maillardii (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Hand.-Mazz.; Sinensia 5: 22 (1934)
species :
Rubia siamensis Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1911: 397 (1911)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); Myanmar; N-& E-Thailand
36 CHI 41 MYA
species :
Rubia sikkimensis Kurz; J. As. S. Beng. 43(2): 188 (1874)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Myanmar
40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
species :
Rubia sylvatica (Maxim.) Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 783 (1937)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur); China (NE-China, N-China, NW-China, Sichuan)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia cordifolia f. sylvatica (Maxim.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 76 (1861)
= Rubia cordifolia var. sylvatica Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 140 (1859)
species :
Rubia tatarica (Trevis.) F.Schmidt; Mém. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. ser. 7, 12(2): 143 (1868)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium tataricum Trevir.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 7: 146 (1815)
species :
Rubia tenuifolia d´Urv.; Enum. 17 (1822)
subspecies :
subsp. tenuifolia
Name: Zartblättriger Krapp (DE); Thin-leaved Madder (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey
13 GRC KRI TUE 20 LBY 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia olivieri subvar. tenuifolia (d´Urv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879)
= Rubia cretica Scheele; Linnaea 17: 342 (1843)
= Rubia olivieri A.Rich. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 590 (Sept. 1830)
= Rubia olivieri var. cretica (Scheele) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 323 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. brachypoda (Boiss.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 133: 111 (1979)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Palestine
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia brachypoda Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 57 (1849)
= Rubia olivieri subsp. brachypoda (Boiss.) Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 172 (1914)
= Rubia olivieri var. elliptica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 18 (1875)
= Rubia tenuifolia var. brachypoda (Boiss.) J.Thiébaut; Mém. Inst. Égypt. 40: 186 (1940)
= Rubia tenuifolia var. elliptica (Boiss.) Ehrend.; Ark. Bot. 5: 404 (1959), no full basionym ref.
= Rubia velutina Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 35: 132 (1923)
subspecies :
subsp. doniettii (Griseb.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 133(1-2): 112 (1979)
Name: Donietti-Krapp (DE); Donietti´s Madder (EN)
Distribution: Somalia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
24 SOM 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia brachypoda var. stenophylla Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 57 (1849)
= Rubia doniettii Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 156 (1844)
= Rubia olivieri subsp. doniettii (Griseb.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr., n. s. 1: 173 (1914)
= Rubia olivieri var. eburnea Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 35: 134 (1923)
= Rubia olivieri var. stenophylla (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 18 (1875)
= Rubia tenuifolia subsp. stenophylla (Boiss.) Ehrend.; Rech.f., Fl. Lowland Iraq: 569 (1964)
= Rubia tenuifolia var. stenophylla (Boiss.) J.Thiébaut; Mém. Inst. Égypt. 40: 186 (1940)
species :
Rubia tenuis H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 24 (1999), nom. illeg.
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia thunbergii DC.; Prodr. 4: 590 (1830)
Distribution: South Africa (Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium thunbergii (DC.) Druce; Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4: 624 (1917), non G. thunbergianum
= Rubia laevis Thunb.; Fl. Cap., ed. 2: 151 (1823), nom. illeg.
species :
Rubia tibetica Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 204 (1881)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost. Parwan); China (Xinjiang); W-Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Karakorum); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Zanskar)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia transalaica O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 28: 22 (1908)
species :
Rubia tinctorum L.; Sp. Pl. 109 (1753)
Name: Echter Krapp (DE); Madder (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Albania; Bulgaria [I]; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Faryab, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Chitral, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (California [I], Massachusetts [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I])
11 aut ger hun net slo swi 12 bal fra por sar spa 13 bul CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC SLV TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 alg lby mor tun 32 kaz KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium rubia E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 216 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Rubia acaliculata Cav.; Icon. 2: 75 (1793)
= Rubia iberica (Fisch. ex DC.) K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 463 (1851)
= Rubia peregrina subsp. tinctorum (L.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 138 (1894)
= Rubia sativa Guadagno; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 31 (1914)
= Rubia sylvestris Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2 (1768)
= Rubia tinctoria Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 59 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Rubia tinctorum f. petiolaris Sommier & Levier; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 15: 203 (1900)
= Rubia tinctorum var. culta Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 167 (1866)
= Rubia tinctorum var. grandifolia K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 463 (1851)
= Rubia tinctorum var. iberica Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 589 (1830)
= Rubia tinctorum var. latifolia Texidor; Revista Progr. Ci. Exact. 18: 617 (1868)
= Rubia tinctorum var. pubescens Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 405 (1844)
= Rubia tinctorum var. sativa Pollini; Fl. Veron. 1: 165 (1822)
species :
Rubia transcaucasica Grossh.; Trans. Geo-Bot. Invest. Pasturelands, Aserbaijan, ser. A. Pt. 3, 70 (1929)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO
species :
Rubia trichocarpa H.S.Lo; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 7(1): 23 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia truppeliana Loes.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 37: II. 183 (1919)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia urceolata X.F.Wang & C.H.Wang; Phytotaxa 357(3): 221 (2018)
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
species :
Rubia wallichiana Decne.; Recher. Garance 61 (1837)
Distribution: China (Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangdong, Hongkong, Hainan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia asperrima Decne.; Recherch. Anat. & Physiol. Garance (Mem. Acad. Brux. xii) 61 (1837)
species :
Rubia yunnanensis Diels; Notes Bot Gard. Edin. 5: 278 (1912)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia sikkimensis var. yunnanensis Franch. ex Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 278 (1912)
= Rubia ustulata Diels; Notes Bot Gard. Edin. 5: 278 (1912)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life