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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

394.0000 Family Amaranthaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 87 (1789), nom. cons.
ca. 185 genera, ca. 2300 spp. According to many modern authors and all PCR results Chenopodiaceae is only a subfamily or section of Amaranthaceae.
Species listed in database: 2290; hybrids: 76
= Achyranthaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 35 (1837)
= Atriplicaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 83 (1789)
= Betaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 591, 1091, 1142 (1835)
= Blitaceae Kuntze; T. E. von Post & C. E. Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan.: 637, 710 (1903)
= Celosiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 117 (1820)
= Chenopodiaceae Vent.; Tabl. Règne Vég. 2: 253 (1799), nom. cons., Family
= Deeringiaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 369 (1858)
= Dysphaniaceae Pax; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 61: 230 (1927), nom. cons.
= Gomphrenaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 38 (1837)
= Polycnemaceae Menge; Cat. Pl. Grudent. Gedan.: 161 (1839)
= Salicorniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 558 (1820)
= Salsolaceae Menge; Cat. Pl. Grudent. Gedan.: 165 (1839)
= Spinaciaceae Menge; Cat. Pl. Grudent. Gedan.: 166 (1839)
394.7201 Genus Salsola L.; Sp. Pl.: 222 (1753), nom. cons.
Distribution: Europe, Africa, Asia, esp. Middle Asia, Russia from European part to Far East. The inclusion or separation of Kali as genus is highly disputed. Recently a re-inclusion of Kali seems to be accepted after conservation of Salsola kali.
Species listed in database: 38; hybrids: 2
= Caspia Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 250 (1976)
= Darniella Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 30: 301 (1939)
= Hypocylix Wol.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 7 (1886)
= Isgarum Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 46 (1837)
= Kali Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Neocaspia Tzvelev; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 50(1): 81 (1993) (nom. nov.)
= Physandra Botsch.; Sborn. Geobot. Akad. Sukachev, 114 (1956)
species :
Salsola angusta Botsch.; Notul. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 13: 3 (1952)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
species :
Salsola australis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 411 (1810)
Distribution: Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Primorye [I]); Australia (Western Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria)
31 rfe 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali macrophyllum (R.Br.) Galasso & Bartolucci; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46: 83 (2014)
= Kali australe (R.Br.) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168: 946 (2007)
= Salsola macrophylla R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 411 (1810)
= Salsola tragus var. australis (R.Br.) Bég.; Atti Accad. Sci. Veneto-Trentino-Istriana 3(4): 126 (1913)
species :
Salsola austrotibetica Sukhor.; PhytoKeys 116: 122 (2019)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Salsola baranovii Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 244, 876 (1936)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
species :
Salsola basaltica (C.Brullo, Brullo, Gaskin, Giusso, Hrusa & Salmeri) C.Brullo & Brullo; Fl. End. Illustr. Sicilia 333 (2020)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali basalticum C.Brullo, Brullo, Gaskin, Giusso, Hrusa & Salmeri; Phytotaxa 201(4): 259 (2015)
species :
Salsola chinghaiensis A.J.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 122, pl. 7, f. 2 (1978)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Salsola collina Pall.; Ill. Pl. Orient. 34, t. 26 (1803)
Name: Slender Russian thistle (EN), Hügel-Salzkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan); China (Anhui, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Jilin, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Pakistan (Chitral, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Ladakh, Leh, Rupshu, Zanskar); Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], Colorado [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Dakota [I], Oklahoma [I], South Dakota [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I])
11 ger hun slo 14 BLR RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 IND PAK 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali collinum (Pall.) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168: 946 (2007)
= Salsola chinensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 421 (1913)
= Salsola erubescens Schrad.; Index Sem. Hort. Götting. (1834) 5
= Salsola ircutiana Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 421 (1913)
= Salsola kali subsp. collina (Pall.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 89 (1974)
species :
Salsola cruciata L.Chevall. ex Batt. & Trab.; Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 288 (1905)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella cruciata (L.Chevall. ex Batt. & Trab.) Brullo; Webbia 38: 313 (1984)
= Salsola sieberi var. vesceritensis (L.Chevall.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 8: 148 (1962)
= Salsola zygophylla var. vesceritensis L.Chevall.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 440 (1905)
species :
Salsola glomerata (Maire) Brullo; Willdenowia 12: 245 (1982)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Mauritania
20 ALG MOR 22 MTN
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella glomerata (Maire) Brullo; Webbia 38: 319 (1984)
= Salsola sieberi var. glomerata Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 188 (1942)
species :
Salsola griffithii (Bunge) Freitag & Khani; Pl. Syst. Evol. 155: 50, ff. 1-2 (1987)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Nimroz)
34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali griffithii (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168: 946 (2007)
= Noaea griffithii Bunge; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(11): 22 (1862)
species :
Salsola gymnomaschala Maire ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 1938 29: 122, 446 (1938)
Distribution: Morocco; Mauritania
20 MOR 22 MTN
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella gymnomaschala (Maire) Brullo; Webbia 38: 315 (1984)
= Salsola sieberi var. gymnomaschala (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 446 (1939)
= Seidlitzia gymnomaschala (Maire) Iljin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 16: 93 (1954)
species :
Salsola halimocnemis Botsch.; Notul. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 11: 3 (1948)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Physandra halimocnemis (Botsch.) Botsch.; Sborn. Geobot. Akad. Sukachev, 116 (1956)
species :
Salsola hartmannii Sukhor.; PhytoKeys 116: 114 (2019)
Distribution: Tibet; N-India (Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh)
36 TIB 40 IND
species :
Salsola ikonnikovii Iljin; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 748 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali ikonnikovii (Iljin) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
= Salsola beticolor Iljin; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 747 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Salsola centralasiatica Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 17: 132 (1955)
= Salsola microkali Popov ex Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 213 (1936)
= Salsola potaninii Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 17: 128 (1955)
species :
Salsola intramongolica H.C.Fu & Z.Y.Chu; Fl. Intramongolica 2: 368 (1978 publ. 1979)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Salsola jacquemontii Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 188 (1849)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan; Nepal
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 TIB 37 MON 40 NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali jacquemontii (Moq.) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
= Kali nepalensis (Grubov) Brullo, Giusso & Hrusa; Phytotaxa 201: 271 (2015)
= Salsola jacquemontii var. angustifolia Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 188 (1849)
= Salsola nepalensis Grubov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 21: 127 (1961)
= Salsola paulsenii subsp. oreophila Kinzik.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 18: 270 (1962)
species :
Salsola junatovii Botsch.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Acad. Nauk SSSR 22: 105 (1963)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Salsola kali L.; Sp. Pl. 222 (1753), s. str.
Name: Kali-Salzkraut (DE), Common saltwort (EN)
Distribution: Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Germany (Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Poland; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; European Russia; Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I])
10 DEN FIN NOR SWE 11 GER NET POL 12 FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA MNT PEL SLV 14 EST LAT LIT RUS 31 rfe
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali soda Moench; Methodus 331 (1794), nom. illeg., non (L.) Scop. (1794)
= Kali turgidum (Dumort.) Gutermann; Phyton (Horn) 51(1): 98 (2011)
= Salsola acicularis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 153 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Salsola aptera Iljin; Mater. Komiss. eksped. Issl. 26: 283 (1930)
= Salsola decumbens Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 241 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Salsola gmelinii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 65 (1910)
= Salsola kali f. hirsuta Hornem.; Occ. Pl., ed. 3, 1: 203 (1891)
= Salsola kali subsp. austroafricana Aellen; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 4: 27 (1961)
= Salsola kali subsp. gmelinii (Rouy) R.C.V.Douin; Fl. Ill. France 9: 86 (1927)
= Salsola kali var. angustifolia Fenzl; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 798 (1851)
= Salsola kali var. apula Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 125 (1831)
= Salsola kali var. glabra Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 54 (1775)
= Salsola kali var. hirta Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 124 (1831), nom. inval.
= Salsola kali var. hispida Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 54 (1775)
= Salsola kali var. hispida-polygama Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 55 (1775)
= Salsola kali var. mixta W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2, 2: 693 (1844)
= Salsola kali var. rosacea Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 188 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Salsola kali var. rosacea Pall.; Ill. Pl.: 36 (1803)
= Salsola kali var. rubella Moq.; Chenop. Monogr. Enum.: 136 (1840)
= Salsola kali var. vulgaris W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2, 2: 693 (1844)
= Salsola scariosa Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 31 (1812)
= Salsola spinosa Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 240 (1779)
= Salsola turgida Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 23 (1827)
species :
Salsola komarovii Iljin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) SSSR 18: 276 (1933)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali komarovii (Iljin) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
species :
Salsola melitensis Botsch.; Novosti Sist, Vyss. Rast. 13: 95 (1976)
Distribution: Malta
13 MLT
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella melitensis (Botsch.) Brullo; Webbia 38: 319 (1984)
species :
Salsola monoptera Bunge; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 25: 364 (1879)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Chita, Tuva); China (Qinghai); Tibet; Mongolia; India (Ladakh)
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali monopterum (Bunge) Lomon.; Konspekt Fl. Aziatsk. Rossii 101 (2012)
species :
Salsola papillosa (Coss.) Willk.; Strand-Steppengeb. Iber. Halbins. [thes.]: 146 (1852)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Salsola angularis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 153 (1936)
= Salsola vermiculata var. papillosa Coss.Exsicc.: no.1556
species :
Salsola paulsenii Litv.; Izv. Tomsk. Otd. Gosud. Russk. Bot. Obshch. 4(5): 28 (1905)
Name: Barbwire Russian thistle
Distribution: E-European Russia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Iran; Afghanistan (Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Qunduz, Samangan); China (Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Nei Mongol); Mongolia; USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Nevada [I], Utah [I])
14 RUS 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 73 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali paulsenii (Litv.) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
= Kali pellucidum (Litv.) Brullo, Giusso & Hrusa; Phytotaxa 201: 271 (2015)
= Salsola pellucida Litv.; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Russk. Fl. Bot. Muz. Rossiisk. Akad. Nauk 8: 16 (1922)
species :
Salsola praecox (Litv.) Litv.; Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 8: 16 (1922)
Distribution: European Russia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Helmand, Kandahar); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Gilgit)
14 RUS 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali praecox (Litv.) Sukhor.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 42: 107 (2011)
= Salsola elegantissima Iljin; Mater. Komiss. eksped. Issl. 26: 282 (1930)
= Salsola kali var. nodiflora Fenzl; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 799 (1851)
= Salsola kali var. praecox Litv.; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Russk. Fl. Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 4: 66 (1902)
= Salsola paulsenii subsp. praecox (Litv.) Rilke; Biblioth. Bot., 149: 162 (1999)
= Salsola praecox f. elegantissima (Iljin) Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 166 (1936)
species :
Salsola ryanii Hrusa & Gaskin; Madroño 55(2): 126 (2008)
Distribution: USA (California: Kern Co.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali ryanii (Hrusa & Gaskin) Brullo & Hrusa; Phytotaxa 201(4): 271 (2015)
species :
Salsola sabrinae Mosyakin; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 75(1): 10, fig. A-C (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Salsola tragus subsp. grandiflora Rilke; Biblioth. Bot. Heft 149: 135 (1999)
species :
Salsola sinkiangensis A.J.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 122-123, pl. 7, f. 3 (1978)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang, Gansu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali sinkiangense (A.J.Li) Brullo, Giusso & Hrusa; Phytotaxa 201(4): 271 (2015)
species :
Salsola squarrosa Steven ex Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 190 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. squarrosa
Name: Pontisches Salzkraut (DE); Pontus Saltwort (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos, Kos); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Mississippi [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I]); Mexico [I]
13 GRC KRI 14 RUS 34 EAI 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex
Remarks: status and taxonomic rank highly disputed
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali dodecanesicum C.Brullo, Brullo, Giusso & Ilardi; Phytotaxa 218: 63 (2015)
= Kali ponticum (Pall.) Sukhor.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 42: 106 (2011)
= Kali tragus subsp. ponticum (Pall.) Mosyakin; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 69(3): 395 (2012)
= Salsola kali subsp. pontica (Pall.) Mosyakin; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 83(3): 389 (1996)
= Salsola kali var. pontica Pall.; Ill. Pl., 37 (1803)
= Salsola pestifer var. pontica (Pall.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 3: 153 (1945)
= Salsola pontica (Pall.) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 2: 44 (1937), isonym
= Salsola pontica (Pall.) Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 212 (1936)
= Salsola pontica var. glabra Tzvelev; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 50(1): 82 (1993)
= Salsola ruthenica var. pontica (Pall.) Iljin; B. A. Keller (ed.), Sornye Rast. S.S.S.R. 2: 140 (1934)
= Salsola squarrosa subsp. pontica (Pall.) Mosyakin; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 74(6): 528 (2017)
= Salsola tragus subsp. pontica (Pall.) Rilke; Biblioth. Bot. 149: 133 (1999)
subspecies :
subsp. controversa (Tod. ex Lojac.) Mosyakin; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 74: 528 (2017)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Salsola controversa Tod. ex Nyman; Consp. 631 (1878) et Lojac., Fl. Sicul. (Lojac.) 2(2): 271 (1904)
species :
Salsola strobilifera (Benth.) Mosyakin; Phytotaxa 409: 287 (2019)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Salsola australis var. strobilifera (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 74 (1921)
= Salsola kali var. strobilifera Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 207 (1870)
species :
Salsola tamamschjanae Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 218 (1936), rossice, et Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 161 (1937), latine
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali tamamschjanae (Iljin) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
species :
Salsola tamariscina Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 604 (1776)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; E-Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; China (Xinjiang)
14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Caroxylon tamariscinum (Pall.) Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 174 (1849)
= Kali tamariscinum (Pall.) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168: 946 (2007)
= Salsola tenuifolia Falk; Beytr. Topogr. Kenntn. Russ. Reiches 2: 141 (1786)
species :
Salsola tragus L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 13 (1756)
Name: Bocks-Salzkraut, Ruthenisches Salzkraut (DE), Prickly Russian thistle, Russian thistle, tumbleweed (EN), soude roulante (FR)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Moldova; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Algeria; Tunisia; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Kuwait; Yemen; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Shandong, Jiangsu); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea; Pakistan (Quetta, Baluchistan, Kurram, Peshawar, Gilgit, Baltistan); India (Ladakh); Sulawesi (incl. Selayar, Buton Isl.); Java (Kangean Arch., Madura Isl.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Timor); Moluccas (Kei Isl.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia; Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland & Labrador [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Central America [I]; South America [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 26 ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR 40 IND PAK 42 JAW LSI MOL NWG SUL 51 nzl 60 NWC 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: some of the distribution in Asia might belong to S. pontica
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali tragus (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 175 (1771)
= Kali tragus var. tenuifolia (Tausch) Verloove; Dumortiera 122: 175 (2023)
= Salsola altaica (C.A.Mey.) Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 212 (1936)
= Salsola brachypteris Moq.; Chenop. Enum. 147 (1840)
= Salsola caroliniana Walter; Fl. Carol.: 111 (1788), nom. rej. prop.
= Salsola dichracantha Kitag.; Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV 2: 124 (1935)
= Salsola iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botsch. ex Czerep.; Svod Dopolnenii i izmenenii k "Flore SSSR": 192 (1973)
= Salsola kali f. tenuifolia (Tausch) Beck; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 24: 171 (1909)
= Salsola kali subsp. iberica (Sennen & Pau) Rilke; Fl. Iranica 172: 183 (1997)
= Salsola kali subsp. ruthenica (Iljin) Soó; R. Sóo & S. A. Jávorka, Magyar Növényvilág Kézikönyve 2: 786 (1951)
= Salsola kali subsp. tragus (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 2: 155 (1871)
= Salsola kali subsp. tragus (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 631 (1881), isonym
= Salsola kali var. brevimarginata W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2, 2: 693 (1844), nom. superfl.
= Salsola kali var. caroliniana (Walter) Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 199 (1818)
= Salsola kali var. glabra Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 124 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Salsola kali var. leptophylla Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 208 (1870)
= Salsola kali var. pseudotragus Beck; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 24: 172 (1909)
= Salsola kali var. tenuifolia Tausch; Flora 11: 326 (1828)
= Salsola kali var. tragus (L.) Moq.; A. DC., 187 (1849)
= Salsola pestifer A.Nelson; Coult. & Nels., Man. Bot. Rocky Mt., ed. 2: 169 (1909)
= Salsola pseudotragus (Beck) Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 212 (1936)
= Salsola ruthenica Iljin; B. A. Keller & al., Sorn. Rast. SSSR 2: 137 (1934), nom. illeg.
= Salsola ruthenica var. filifolia A.J.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 123 (1978)
= Salsola ruthenica var. tragus (L.) Morariu; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 1: 581 (1952), nom. superfl.
= Salsola tragus subsp. iberica Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 18: 476 (1908)
= Salsola tragus var. pseudocollina Tzvelev; Fl. Vostochnoi Evropy 9: 82 (1996)
= Salsola tragus var. tenuifolia (Tausch) Tzvelev; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 50: 82 (1993)
species :
Salsola tunetana Brullo; Willdenowia 12: 246 (1982)
Distribution: Tunisia; Libya
20 LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella tunetana (Brullo) Brullo; Webbia 38: 322 (1984)
species :
Salsola turcica Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 64 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Salsola verticillata Schousb.; Kongel. Danske Vidensk. -Selsk. Skr. 1: 123 (1801)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella verticillata (Schousb.) Brullo; Webbia 38: 308 (1984)
= Salsola deschaseauxiana Litard. & Maire; Contrib. Etude Fl. Grand Atlas (Arch. Sci. Maroc), Fasc. II. 7 (1930), et Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 26: 34 (1930)
= Salsola longifolia var. verticillata (Schousb.) Ball; Spic. Moroc.: 647 (1878)
= Salsola oppositifolia var. verticillata (Schousb.) Moq.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(2): 185 (1849)
= Salsola sieberi subsp. deschaseauxiana (Litard. & Maire) Sauvage; Monde Pl. 47: 37 (1952)
= Salsola sieberi var. deschaseauxiana (Litard. & Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 446 (1939)
= Seidlitzia verticillata (Schousb.) Iljin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 16: 88 (1954)
species :
Salsola webbii Moq.; Chenop. Monogr. Enum.: 139 (1840)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: belongs probably in Caroxylon
Synonyms: hidden
= Anabasis tamariscifolia Webb; Iter Hispan. [Webb] 17 (1838) non L.
= Salsola ericoides Lag. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 258 (1862), nom. inval.
species :
Salsola zaidamica Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Acad. Nauk SSSR 17: 122, f. 1 (1955)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Xinjiang, Gansu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali zaidamicum (Iljin) Akhani & Roalson; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 946 (2007)
species :
Salsola zygophylla Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie 1, App. 2: XV., et Bull. Soc. Bot. Pr. 34: (1892) 73 (1890)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Darniella zygophylla (Batt.) Brullo; Webbia 38: 310 (1984)
= Salsola sieberi var. zygophylla (Batt.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 188 (1942)
species :
Salsola ×gobicola Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Acad. Nauk SSSR 17: 124, f. 2-3 (1955)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
Remarks: S. paulsenii x S. tragus
Synonyms: hidden
= Kali gobicolum (Iljin) Brullo & Hrusa; Phytotaxa 201(4): 270 (2015)
species :
Salsola ×masclansii G.Monts. & D.Gómez; Collect. Bot. 14: 376 (1983)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: belongs probably in Caroxylon. S. genistoides x S. webbii
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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Covering 354,025 accepted species,
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