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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

017.0000 Family Salviniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 559 (1820)
2 genera, 16-17 spp.
Species listed in database: 17; hybrids: 2
= Azollaceae Wettst.; Handb. Syst. Bot. 2: 77 (1903)
= Azolleae Schenk; Flora 29: 506 (1846)
= Azolloideae Griff.; Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 255 (1844)
= Salvinieae Brongn. ex Duby; Bot. Gall. 1: 542 (1828)
= Salvinioideae Mirb. ex Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 436, Comm. 338 (1843)
017.0001 Genus Salvinia Ség.; Pl. Veron. 3: 52 (1754)
Distribution: Old World (3, except SE-Asia/Australia), New World (7-9) north to USA
Species listed in database: 11; hybrids: 2
species :
Salvinia auriculata Aubl.; Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 969, t. 367 (1775)
Name: Kleinohriger Schwimmfarn (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I] (Berlin [I]); Congo [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Australia [I]; Bermuda; Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Hispaniola (Dominican Republic); Puerto Rico; Trinidad; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Chocó, Córdoba, Meta, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Guarico, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Alagoas, Amazonas, Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Roraima, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sergipe, São Paulo, Tocantins); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Artigas, Rocha); Argentina (Corrientes, Santa Fe); Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I])
11 ger 26 zam zim 50 aus 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 BER CUB HIS PUE TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG cle PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Marsilea auriculata (Aubl.) Vitman; Summa Pl. 6. 143 (1792)
= Marsilea natans Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 11: t. 111 (1831)
= Salvinia affinis Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 177 (1827)
= Salvinia auriculata var. olfersiana Baker; J. Bot. 24: 99 (1886)
= Salvinia hispida Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 44 (1815)
= Salvinia olfersiana Klotzsch ex Britton; Fl. Bermud. 428, f. 468 (1918)
= Salvinia radula Baker; J. Bot. 24: 98 (1886)
= Salvinia rotundifolia Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 5: 537 (1810)
variant :
var. major C.V.Miranda & Schwartsb.; Brazil. J. Bot. 42(1): 179 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sergipe, Bahia, Tocantins, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Salvinia biloba Raddi; Pl. Bras. Nov. Gen. 1: 1, t. 1, f. 4 (1825)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Pará, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia herzogii de la Sota; Darwiniana 12: 514. 1-3 (1962)
species :
Salvinia cucullata Roxb. ex Bory; Bél., Voy. Indes Or., Bot. 2(1): 6 (1833)
Distribution: Taiwan [I]; India (Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Odisha, Tripura, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Thailand (widespread); Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (north of Malaya); Sumatra
38 tai 40 BAN IND 41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 MLY SUM
species :
Salvinia hastata Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 177 (1827)
Distribution: Benin; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Madagascar
22 BEN 25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia hildebrandtii Baker; J. Bot. 24: 98 (1886)
= Salvinia mollis Mett.; Kuhn, Filic. Afr. 201 (1868)
species :
Salvinia martynii Kopp; Kulturbedingt. Syst. Merkm. Salvinia-Art. 42, f. 24 (1936)
Distribution: Brazil (Maranhão, Mato Grosso)
84 BRA
species :
Salvinia minima Baker; J. Bot. 24: 98 (1886)
Name: Water spangles
Distribution: Germany [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Mississippi [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Puerto Rico; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Apure, Aragua, Falcon, Portuguesa, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Pando, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Canindeyu); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Salto, Trenta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Salta, Santa Fe)
11 ger 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB PUE 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia minima var. gaillardiana Maury; J. Bot. (Morot) 27(3): 129 (1889)
species :
Salvinia natans (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 2 (1785)
Name: Gewöhnlicher Schwimmfarn (DE); Floating watermoss (EN); Helechillo de agua (ES)
Distribution: Netherlands; +Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt); Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; NE-Spain; +France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (NW- and NE-Greece); +Lithuania; Belarus; W-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria; Tunisia; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Anatolia); S-Iraq; Iran; ?E-Afghanistan; Syria; Israel; China (Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Hongkong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Macao, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; South Korea; Japan; Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, ?Karnataka, ?Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, ?Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh; SW-Thailand; Vietnam; South China Sea Isl.; Java; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], New York [I]); Jamaica [I]
11 BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR KRY LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG TUN 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN ISR SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 THA VIE 42 JAW SCS 75 usa 81 jam
Synonyms: hidden
= Marsilea natans L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1099 (1753)
= Marsilea patens J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. 22: 1322 (1791)
= Marsilea salvinioides Neck.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 3: 297 (1775)
= Salvinia europaea Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 177 (1827)
= Salvinia sprengelii Corda; Monogr. Rhizosp. 10, t. 2, f. 12-23 (1829)
= Salvinia verticillata Roxb.; Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 469 (1844)
= Salvinia vulgaris Rupr.; Distr. Crypt. Vasc. Ross. 27 (1845)
= Trichomanes villosulum Wall.; Numer. List no. 163 (1829), nomen
species :
Salvinia nuriana de la Sota & Cassa; Holttum Mem. Vol.: 194 (1997)
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas)
84 BRA
species :
Salvinia nymphellula Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 177 (1827)
Distribution: Gambia; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo)
22 BEN GAM GHA NGA NGR 23 CON GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia nigropunctata A.Braun; Kuhn, Filic. Afr. 201 (1868)
species :
Salvinia oblongifolia Mart.; Icon. Pl. Crypt. 128, t. 75, f. 2, t. 76 (1834)
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Sergipe)
84 BRA
species :
Salvinia sprucei Kuhn; Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 655 (1884)
Distribution: Panama; Trinidad; Colombia (Amazonas, Arauca, Cauca, Chocó, Vaupés); Venezuela (Apure, Anzoategui, Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Zulia); Brazil (Amazonas)
80 PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia cyathiformis Maxon; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 12: 401 (1922)
species :
Salvinia ×delasotae C.V.Miranda & Schwartsb.; Brazil. J. Bot. 42(1): 182 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas, São Paulo)
84 BRA
Remarks: Salvinia minima x S. sprucei
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia laevigata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 5: 537 (1810)
species :
Salvinia ×molesta D.S.Mitch.; Br. Fern Gaz. 10: 251 (1972), nom. nov.
Name: Kariba weed (EN)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I] (Rheinland-Pfalz [I]); Austria [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Mauritania [I]; Senegal [I]; Mali [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Benin [I]; Nigeria [I]; Cameroon [I]; Congo [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Zambia [I]; Malawi [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (North West [I], Limpopo [I], Mpulamanga [I], KwaZulu-Natal [I], W-Cape Prov. [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); Lesotho [I]; Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I] (widespread); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Thailand [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Singapore [I]; South China Sea Isl. [I]; Borneo [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I] (Bali [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], E-Queensland [I], S-South Australia [I], E-New South Wales [I], S-Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Fiji [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], New Mexico [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Brazil (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Corrientes)
10 den 11 aut bgm ger hun net 12 cor fra por 13 ita 22 ben gha ivo mli mtn nga sen 23 cmn zai 25 ken tan uga 26 mlw moz zam zim 27 bot les nam saf swz 38 tai 40 ban ind nep pak srl 41 tha 42 bor jaw lsi mly phi scs sng 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij nwc van 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 gua 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Salvinia adnata Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 177 (1827) (nom. confus., of uncertain application fide Moran & Smith 1999)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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