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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.8726 Genus Scandix L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 256 (1753)
Distribution: Europe; Mediterranean; SW- and S-Asia; NW-, N- and South Africa; 8 S-European part, Crimea, Northern Caucasus, Middle Asia
Species listed in database: 13
= Acularia Raf.; Good Book: 53 (1840)
= Birostula Raf.; Good Book: 59 (1840)
= Cyclotaxis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 48 (1849)
= Pecten Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 437 (1779)
= Pectinaria Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 113 (1800), nom. rej.
= Scandicium Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 15 (1919)
= Wylia Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell.: 3 (1814)
species :
Scandix aucheri Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 2: 58 (1844)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); S-Afghanistan; Pakistan
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandicium aucheri (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 58: E. 280 (1938)
= Scandicium aucheri (Boiss.) Bornm. ex Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 39: 121 (1935)
= Scandicium stellatum var. aucheri (Boiss.) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
species :
Scandix australis L.; Sp. Pl. 257 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. australis
Name: Südlicher Venuskamm (DE); Southern Shepherd´s-needle (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; +Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (scattered, incl. Limnos); Crete (rare); Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Dodecanese, Tilos, Kasos, Rhodos); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI NMA ROM SIC TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acularia australis (L.) Raf.; Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 53 (1840)
= Chaerophyllum australe (L.) Crantz; Cl. Umb. Emend. 76 (1767)
= Myrrhis australis (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 29 (1785)
= Scandix australis f. cyclotaxioides Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 21 (1919)
= Scandix australis subsp. balcanica Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 228 (1919), nom. inval.
= Scandix australis subsp. gallica Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 232 (1919)
= Scandix australis subsp. occidentalis Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 232 (1919)
= Scandix australis subsp. pontica Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 233 (1919)
= Scandix australis var. ambiguum Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 7: 300 (1901)
= Scandix australis var. glabricaulis Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 49 (1931)
= Scandix australis var. hirticaulis Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 49 (1931)
= Scandix australis var. leiobasis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 280 (1939)
= Scandix australis var. villibasis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 280 (1939)
= Scandix falcata Londes; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, ed. 2, 1: 31 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Scandix grandiflora f. hispidula Heldr.; Exsicc. (Herb. Graec. Norm.) 1895: no. 1240 (1895)
= Scandix grandiflora var. intermedia Halácsy; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 61: 506 (1894)
= Scandix grandiflora var. lasiactina Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 917 (1872)
= Scandix petraea Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 528 (1841), nom. inval.
= Scandix pontica (Vierh.) Stankov; S. S. Stankov & V. I. Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ.: 535 (1949)
= Scandix radiata Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 167 (1796)
= Scandix taurica Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(II): 355 (1856)
= Wylia australis (L.) Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. ed. I. 5. t. 2, f. 1 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. brevirostris (Boiss. & Reut.) Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitteleur. 5(2): 1034 (1926)
Distribution: N-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix brevirostris Boiss. & Reut.; Cat. Hort. Genev. (1868) 4
subspecies :
subsp. curvirostris (Murb.) Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 69: 231 (1919)
Name: Krummschnäbliger Südlicher Nadelkerbel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Greece (SE-Peloponnisos); Crete (scattered); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
11 ger 13 GRC KRI 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix curvirostris Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, no. s. Afd. 2 2: No. 1, 49 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. cyrenaica Maire & Weller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 280 (1939)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflora (L.) Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitteleur. 5(2): 1035 (1926)
Name: Großblütiger Venuskamm (DE); Large-flowered Shepherd´s-needle (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; +Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades); Northern Caucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel)
11 ger 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA NMA SLV TUE 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chaerophyllum grandiflorum (L.) Crantz; Cl. Umb. Emend. 77 (1767)
= Scandix affinis K.Koch ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 917 (1872)
= Scandix australis var. bulgarica (Davidov) Thell.; 1035 (1926)
= Scandix australis var. lasiocarpa Thell.; 1035 (1926)
= Scandix australis var. orientalis (Griseb.) Thell.; 1035 (1926)
= Scandix bulgarica Davidov; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 28 (1905)
= Scandix grandiflora L.; Sp. Pl. 257 (1753)
= Scandix hirsuta Biasol. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 528 (1841), nom. inval.
= Scandix orientalis Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 369 (1843)
= Wylia grandiflora (L.) Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. ed. I. 15. t. 2, f. 3 (1814)
= Wylia radians Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. ed. I. 11. t. 2, f. 2 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. microcarpa (Lange) Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitteleur. 5(2): 1034 (1926)
Distribution: C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix australis Bourg. ex Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 80 (1874) non L.
= Scandix australis var. microcarpa (Lange) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 83 (1974)
= Scandix microcarpa Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 42 (1865)
species :
Scandix balansae Reut. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 916 (1872)
Name: Balansa-Nadelkerbel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
11 ger 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix brachycarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 916 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Selinum balansae (Reut. ex Boiss.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm. Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 77 (1904)
species :
Scandix blepharicarpa O.Cohen; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 52(1): 59 (2004)
Distribution: Iraq; Syria
34 IRQ SYR
species :
Scandix brachycarpa Guss.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Boccad. (1825) 10, Fl. Sic. Prod. 1: 350
Name: Kurzfrüchtiger Nadelkerbel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Sicily; Crete (rare); Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I])
11 ger 13 ITA KRI SIC 21 cny
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix pecten-veneris subsp. brachycarpa (Guss.) Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitteleur. 5(2): 1038 (1926)
species :
Scandix damascena Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 468 (1912)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Scandix iberica M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 230, 425 (1808)
Name: Transkaukasus-Nadelkerbel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; European Turkey; Belarus [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania); Pakistan (Kotli, Mirpur)
11 ger 13 TUE 14 blr 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix apiculata DC.; Prodr. 4: 221 (1830)
= Scandix eriocarpa Stapf & Wettst.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 29 (1886)
= Scandix falcata M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 230 (1808)
= Scandix georgica K.Koch ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 915 (1872)
= Scandix iberica var. eriocarpa (Stapf & Wettst.) Thell.; 1036 (1926)
= Scandix iberica var. pilosa (K.Koch) Thell.; 1036 (1926)
= Scandix iberica var. subglabra (K.Koch) Thell.; 1036 (1926)
= Scandix pisidica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 49 (1849)
= Selinum ibericum (M.Bieb.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm. Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 77 (1904)
= Wylia iberica (M.Bieb.) Hoffm.; Gen. Pl. Umbell. ed. I. 1: 19. t. 2, f. 4 (1814)
species :
Scandix macrorhyncha C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 9: 86 (1843)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E- & SE-Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (mainland, Evvoia, Samothraki); Crete; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
11 ger 12 COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM 14 KRY 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scandix affinis Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 915 (1872)
= Scandix hispanica Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 2: 57 (1844)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. cottiana (Gola) Thell.; 1039 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris subsp. hispanica (Boiss.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 134 (1894)
= Scandix pecten-veneris subsp. macrorhyncha (C.A.Mey.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Fl. Franç. 7: 299 (1901)
= Scandix pecten-veneris subsp. tymphaea (Hausskn.) Thell.; 1039 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. glabricaulis Thell.; 1039 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. vestita Thell.; 1039 (1926)
= Scandix tymphaea (Hausskn.) Vierh.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien. 69: 239 (1919)
= Wylia hispanica (Boiss.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 408 (1899)
species :
Scandix palaestina (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 918 (1872)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclotaxis palaestina Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 49 (1849)
species :
Scandix pecten-veneris L.; Sp. Pl. 256 (1753)
Name: Gewöhnlicher Nadelkerbel, Echter Venuskamm (DE); Shepherd´s-needle (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland); Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades, Sporades, Ionian Isl., Korfu); Crete; Belarus; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan, Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Rawalpindi); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Texas [I], Washington State [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 50 aus 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Chaerophyllum pecten-veneris (L.) Crantz; Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 66 (1763)
= Chaerophyllum rostratum Lam.; Encycl. 1: 685 (1785)
= Myrrhis pecten-veneris (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 29 (1785)
= Pecten veneris Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 437 (1779)
= Pectinaria vulgaris Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 168 (1800)
= Scandix aegyptiaca Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 528 (1841), nom. inval.
= Scandix cornuta Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 27 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Scandix cretica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
= Scandix laevigata (Azn.) Stoj. & Stef.; Fl. Bulg., ed. 2: 749 (1933)
= Scandix pecten Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 211 (1771), orth. var.
= Scandix pecten-veneris subvar. levigata Azn.; 143 (1899)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. brachyrrhyncha Thell.; 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. graeca (Hausskn.) Thell.; 1039 (1926), nom. inval.
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. involucrata (Bornm.) Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. polycapa (Azn.) Thell.; 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. pubescens (Guss.) Thell.; 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. radiata Thell.; 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. brevirostris Azn.; 143 (1899), nom. illeg.
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. brevirostris Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 915 (1872)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. brevistyla Thell.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(2): 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. mesostyla Thell.; 1040 (1926)
= Scandix pecten-veneris var. polycapa Azn.; 143 (1899)
= Scandix pectinifera Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 122 (1812)
= Scandix pectiniformis St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 70, 134 (1880)
= Scandix persica Marloth; Linnaea 12(Lit.): 87 (1838)
= Scandix pinnatifida Willk.; Flora 34: 728 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Scandix rostrata (Lam.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 166 (1796)
= Scandix vulgaris Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 503 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Scandix wilhelmsii K.Koch ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 915 (1872)
= Selinum pecten-veneris (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 12: 75 (1904)
= Wylia pecten-veneris (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 407 (1899)
species :
Scandix stellata Banks & Sol.; A. Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 249 (1794)
Name: Stern-Venuskamm (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-, C- & EC-Spain; France; North Macedonia; NE-Greece (very rare); Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan, Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Farah, Faryab, Herat, Kabul, Parwan, Samangan); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan); India (Maharashtra)
11 ger 12 FRA SPA 13 GRC NMA 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Birostula pinnatifida (Vent.) Raf.; Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 59 (1840)
= Chaerophyllum pinnatifidum (Vent.) Poir.; Encyc. 5: 144 (1804)
= Scandicium stellatum (Banks & Sol.) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16(444-447): 16-17 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum subvar. amerophyllum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 22 (1940)
= Scandicium stellatum var. decipiens (Bornm.) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. eriophorum Bornm.; Koie (ed.), Danish Sci. Invest. Iran 4: 14 (1945)
= Scandicium stellatum var. glabrum Boiss. ex Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 17 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. hebecarpum Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. hirsutum (K.Koch) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. leiocarpum Boiss. ex Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. pinnatifidum (Vent.) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. radiiferum Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 18 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. soongoricum (Schrenk) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 17 (1919)
= Scandicium stellatum var. velutinum (Coss.) Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 17 (1919)
= Scandicium stellulatum (Banks & Sol.) Thell. ex Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 169 (1935)
= Scandix fedtschenkoana Koso-Pol.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 16: 227 (1916)
= Scandix hispidula Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 17 (1842), et Nov. Comm. Acad. Bologn. 5: 427 (1862)
= Scandix manjurkiana Tamamsch.; Bot. Arch. 1932: 34 (1932) (´manjurkiniae´)
= Scandix parviflora D.M.Retz.; Obs. Bot. Pug.: 12 (1810)
= Scandix pecten-veneris f. pinnatifida (Vent.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1909: 71 (1909)
= Scandix pinnatifida f. subulata Bornm.; Verh. Zool.- Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 593 (1898)
= Scandix pinnatifida var. decipiens Bornm.; Verh. Zool.- Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 593 (1898)
= Scandix pinnatifida var. hirsuta K.Koch; Linnaea 16: 363 (1842)
= Scandix pinnatifida var. hohenackeri Besser ex Hohen.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 11: 326 (1838)
= Scandix pinnatifida var. soongorica Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Enum. Pl. Nov.: 62 (1841)
= Scandix pinnatifida var. velutina Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit. 38 (1849)
= Scandix pinnatifida Vent.; Descr. Pl. Nouv.: t. 14 (1800)
= Scandix russeliana Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 369 (1843)
= Scandix stellata subsp. velutina (Coss.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 82 (1974)
= Scandix stellata var. velutina (Coss.) Charpin & Fern.Casas; Candollea 30: 53 (1975)
= Scandix stellulata Tamamsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 169 (1935)
species :
Scandix turgida (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 918 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 JOR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclotaxis turgida Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 101 (1856)
species :
Scandix verna O.Cohen; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 50(Suppl.): 25 (2002)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
variant :
var. eriocarpa O.Cohen; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 50(Suppl.): 26 (2002)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life