Search

Reset
* Only valid names are shown as results

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (15)

Genus (96)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

162.0000 Family Cyperaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 26 (1789), nom. cons.
91 genera, ca. 5700 spp. Phylogeny: Larridon et al. 2021
Species listed in database: 5670; hybrids: 296
= Kobresiaceae Gilly; Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 26: 210 (1952)
= Mapaniaceae Shipunov; Zhurn. Obshchei Biol. 64: 505 (2003)
= Papyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 761, 1129 (1835)
= Scirpaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 2: 340 (1797)
= Scleriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 263 (1820)
162.4002 Genus Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla; Sitzb. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 38: 49 (1888), nom. cons.
Distribution: worldwide in temperate regions, but very few in Africa
Species listed in database: 19; hybrids: 5
= Elytrospermum C.A.Mey.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 1: 200 (1831)
= Heleogiton Schult.; Mant. 2: 2 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Heleophylax P.Beauv. ex T.Lestib.; Essai Cypér.: 41 (1819)
= Malacochaete Nees; Linnaea 9: 292 (1834)
= Pterolepis Schrad.; Gött. Gel. Anz. 3: 2071 (1821)
= Pterygolepis Rchb.; Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 236 (1841)
species :
Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 81: 33 (1954)
Name: Hardstem bulrush
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. acutus (Muhl. ex Bigelow) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 30(4): 849 (1981)
= Scirpus acutus Muhl. ex Bigelow; Fl. Boston, 15 (1814)
variant :
var. occidentalis (S.Watson) S.G.Sm.; Novon 5(1): 97 (1995)
Name: Tule (EN)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Sonora, Zacatecas); +Clipperton Isl.
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 CLI
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus acutus f. congestus (Farw.) Mohlenbr.; Ill. Fl. Illinois, Sedges: Cyperus to Scleria, ed. 2: 201 (2001)
= Schoenoplectus rubiginosus (Beetle) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
= Scirpus acutus f. congestus (Farw.) Fernald; Rhodora 23: 131 (1921)
= Scirpus acutus var. malheurensis (L.F.Hend.) Beetle; Publ. Univ. Wyoming 13: 5 (1948)
= Scirpus acutus var. occidentalis (S.Watson) Beetle; Publ. Univ. Wyoming 13: 5 (1948)
= Scirpus lacustris var. occidentalis S.Watson; S. Wats., Bot. California 2: 218 (1880)
= Scirpus malheurensis L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 20 (1930)
= Scirpus occidentalis (S.Watson) Chase; Rhodora 6: 68 (1904)
= Scirpus occidentalis var. congestus Farw.; Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 247 (1917)
= Scirpus ×rubiginosus Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 28: 697 (1941)
species :
Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volkart; Schinz & Keller, Fl. Schweiz, ed. 2, 1: 75 (1905)
Name: Chairmaker´s bulrush (EN)
Distribution: New Zealand; Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Nova Scotia); USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola); Nevis; Venezuela (Merida, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira); Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); Uruguay (Canelones, Durazno, Montevideo, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Valparaíso, O´Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Los Lagos)
51 NZL 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA NIC 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE STK VIR 82 VEN 83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Heleophylax americanus (Pers.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zurich 53: 587 (1908)
= Schoenoplectus americanus subsp. triangularis (Pers.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus chilensis (Nees & Meyen) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
= Schoenoplectus olneyi (A.Gray) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 299 (1888)
= Scirpus americanus Pers.; Syn. 1: 68 (1805)
= Scirpus americanus subsp. triangularis (Pers.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Scirpus americanus var. triangularis (Pers.) Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 30: 400 (1943)
= Scirpus chilensis Meyen; Reise 1: 380, nomen
= Scirpus chilensis Nees & Meyen; Nova Acta Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1, 93 (1843)
= Scirpus chilensis var. longisetis (Kük.) Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 33: 663 (1946)
= Scirpus novae-zealandiae Colenso; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 1885 (1886) 277
= Scirpus olneyi A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 5: (1845) 238. ex Engelm. & A. Gray
= Scirpus olneyi var. longisetis Kük.; Ark. Bot. 22A(17): 8 (1929)
= Scirpus triqueter Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Whipple, Bot. 4(5
= Scirpus triqueter var. triangularis Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 91 (1805)
species :
Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A.Mey.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Name: California bulrush (EN), Totora (ES)
Distribution: New Zealand [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Mangaia [I]); Easter Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Niihau [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica; Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Putumayo, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Cordillera, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Flores Prov., Lavalleja, Montevideo, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
51 nzl 61 coo EAS 63 haw 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Dichromena atrosanguinea É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 190 (1854)
= Elytrospermum californicum C.A.Mey.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 1: 200 (1831)
= Fimbristylis rigida Beetle; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 41: 484 (1949), nom. illeg.
= Malacochaete assimilis Ces.; Atti Soc. Sci. Nap. 5: (1873) n. 7: 17
= Malacochaete chilensis Nees & Meyen ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 717
= Malacochaete oligostachya Phil.; Linnaea 29: 78 (1858)
= Malacochaete riparia Nees & Meyen; Linnaea 9: (1834) 292
= Malacochaete riparia var. chamissoi Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 107 (1842)
= Malacochaete sanguinolenta Nees & Meyen ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 718
= Malacochaete tatora (Kunth) Meyen; Nees, Cyperaceae: 38 (1841)
= Schoenoplectus californicus subsp. tereticulmis (Clarke) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Schoenoplectus californicus var. spoliatus (Barros) Vegetti; Hickenia 2: 138 (1995)
= Schoenoplectus californicus var. tereticulmis (Steud.) Vegetti; Hickenia 2: 138 (1995)
= Schoenoplectus chamissoi (Nees) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Schoenoplectus pseudotriqueter (Steud.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Schoenoplectus riparius (J.Presl & C.Presl) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 299 (1888)
= Schoenoplectus tatora (Kunth) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10(4): 299 (4 Dec. 1888)
= Scirpus atrosanguineus (É.Desv.) Skottsb.; Gefässpfl.-Fl. Westpatag.: 6 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus californicus (C.A.Mey.) Britton; Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 11: (1892) 79
= Scirpus californicus (C.A.Mey.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 538 (1841)
= Scirpus californicus subsp. tatora (Kunth) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 41: 1129 (1963)
= Scirpus californicus var. chamissoi (Nees) Beetle; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 41: 459 (1949)
= Scirpus californicus var. paschalis (Kük.) Beetle; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 41: 459 (1949)
= Scirpus californicus var. spoliatus Barros; Lilloa 1: 69 (1937)
= Scirpus californicus var. tatora (Kunth) Barros; Darwiniana 6: 126 (1942)
= Scirpus californicus var. tereticulmis (Steud.) Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 28: 699 (1941)
= Scirpus chamissoi Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 107 (1842)
= Scirpus decipiens A.St.-Hil.; Voy. Distr. Diam. Bres. 2: 424 (1833)
= Scirpus decipiens A.St.-Hil. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 208 (1842)
= Scirpus paschalis Kük.; Le Monde des Plantes 16: 15, nomen. (1914)
= Scirpus pseudotriqueter Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 86 (1855)
= Scirpus rigidus Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 107 (1842)
= Scirpus riparius J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 193 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus riparius var. chamissoi (Nees) H.Pfeiff.
= Scirpus riparius var. paschalis Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 432 (1920)
= Scirpus riparius var. tereticulmis (Steud.) C.B.Clarke; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 68: 36 (1901)
= Scirpus tatora Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 166 (1837)
= Scirpus tereticulmis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 85 (1855)
= Scirpus validus Benth.; Pl. Hartw.: 27 (1840), nom. illeg.
species :
Schoenoplectus deltarum (Schuyler) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
Name: Delta bulrush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus deltarum Schuyler; Not. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., No. 427, 1 (1970)
species :
Schoenoplectus ehrenbergii (Boeckeler) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Distribution: SE-European Russia (near Orenburg); Kazakhstan
14 RUS 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus ehrenbergii (Boeckeler) Y.C.Yang & M.Zhan; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin. 7: 15 (1987 publ. 1988), isonym
= Scirpus ehrenbergii Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 712 (1870)
= Scirpus ewersmannii Fisch. ex Litv.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 40: 271 (1929), nom. inval.
species :
Schoenoplectus etuberculatus (Steud.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Name: Canby´s bulrush
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Rhynchospora etuberculata Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 142 (1855)
= Schoenoplectus etuberculatus (Steud.) Oteng-Yeb.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(2): 315 (1974), isonym
= Scirpus canbyi A.Gray; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 16: 18 (1864)
= Scirpus erythropodus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 757 (1891)
= Scirpus etuberculatus (Steud.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 758 (1891)
= Scirpus etuberculatus Fernald; Rhodora 8: 162 (1906), isonym
= Scirpus leptolepis Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 520 (1860)
= Scirpus macranthus Boeckeler; Flora 41: 415 (1858)
species :
Schoenoplectus halophilus Papch. & Laktionov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 97(2): 271 (2012)
Distribution: S-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Name: Slender bulrush
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec); USA (California, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. tenuiculmis (E.Sheld.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Scirpus heterochaetus Chase; Rhodora 6: 70 (1904)
= Scirpus lacustris var. tenuiculmis E.Sheld.; Bull. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 9: 583 (1896)
species :
Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla; Sitzb. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 38: 49 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. lacustris
Name: Lakeshore bulrush (EN), Gewöhnliche Teichsimse, Grüne Seebinse (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Siberia (Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq; Afghanistan (Qunduz); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Baltistan); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh [I]; Australia (Queensland); New Zealand (widespread); USA [I] (New Jersey [I]); Mexico [I] (Michoacan [I]); Hispaniola [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 YEM 40 ban IND PAK 50 AUS 51 NZL 75 usa 79 mex 81 his
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus americanus Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 13 c (1764)
= Cyperus lacustris (L.) Missbach & E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 2: 30 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Eleogiton duvalii Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 173 (1869)
= Eleogiton lacustris (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 173 (1869)
= Heleophylax lacustris (L.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53: 587 (1908)
= Hymenochaeta lacustris (L.) Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 133 (1952)
= Hymenochaeta makinoi Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 133 (1952)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. compactus (Beckh.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. confertus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. conglomeratus (Junge) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. foliosus (Des Moul.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. graminifolius E.Baumann; 242 (1911)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. laxiflorus (Kuntze) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. minor (Baumg.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. palustris (Schltdl.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971), without basionym page
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. radiatus (Vollm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. terrestris (Glück) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenus lacustris (L.) Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 26 (1800)
= Scirpus altissimus Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 514 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Scirpus andrzejowscii Besser; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 536 (1827)
= Scirpus barbatulus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 583 (1837) (Index) (1837)
= Scirpus brayi Hoppe ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 137 (1817)
= Scirpus ciliatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 86 (1855)
= Scirpus custoris Hegetschw; Fl. Schweiz 49 (1839)
= Scirpus drepanensis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 215 (1909)
= Scirpus janii Besser; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 536 (1827)
= Scirpus jardinei Steud. & Jardin; Bull. Soc. Linn. Normand. Ser. II. 9: 278 (1875), 280
= Scirpus lacustris f. compactus Beckh.; Fl. Westfalen: 936 (1893)
= Scirpus lacustris f. confertus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 692 (1866)
= Scirpus lacustris f. conglomeratus Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 25(3): 255 (1908)
= Scirpus lacustris f. fluitans (Coss. & Germ.) Glück; 231 (1911)
= Scirpus lacustris f. foliosus Des Moul.; Cat. Rais. Phan. Dordogne, Suppl. Fin.: 306 (1859)
= Scirpus lacustris f. laxiflorus Kuntze; Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 25 (1867)
= Scirpus lacustris f. minor (Schrad.) Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 320 (1815)
= Scirpus lacustris f. palustris Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: (1823)
= Scirpus lacustris f. radiatus Vollm.; Fl. Bayern: 125 (1914)
= Scirpus lacustris f. sparganiifolia Volobaev; Izv. Sibirsk. Otd. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Biol. Nauk 1990(2): 82 (1990)
= Scirpus lacustris f. terrestris Glück; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 39B: 313 (1922)
= Scirpus lacustris L.; Sp. Pl. 48 (1753)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. thracicus Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 37: 68 (1892 publ. 1893)
= Scirpus lacustris var. aquaticus Schltdl.; 34 (1823)
= Scirpus lacustris var. bodamicus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 113 (1828)
= Scirpus lacustris var. carinatus Nakai
= Scirpus lacustris var. condensatus Peck; Rep. (Annual) Regents Univ. State New York New York State Mus. 53: 853 (1900)
= Scirpus lacustris var. custoris (Hegetschw) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 764 (1882)
= Scirpus lacustris var. digynus Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 90 (1844)
= Scirpus lacustris var. fluitans (Coss. & Germ.) Celak.; 97 (1887)
= Scirpus lacustris var. fluitans (Coss. & Germ.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 376 (1912)
= Scirpus lacustris var. foliosus (Des Moul.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 374 (1912)
= Scirpus lacustris var. major Schrad.; Fl. Germ.: 134 (1806), nom. inval.
= Scirpus lacustris var. medius Schrad.; Fl. Germ.: 134 (1806)
= Scirpus lacustris var. minor Custer ex Döll; 303 (1856)
= Scirpus lacustris var. minor Schrad.; Fl. Germ.: 134 (1806)
= Scirpus lacustris var. minor Schur; 68 (1851), nom. inval.
= Scirpus lacustris var. palustris Schltdl.; 34 (1823)
= Scirpus lithuanicus Besser; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 535 (1827)
= Scirpus macrophyllus Besser; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 535 (1827)
= Scirpus medius Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 75 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Scirpus meyenii Nees; Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 2: 75 (1846)
= Scirpus orgyalis Raf.; Ann. Nat. 1: 16 (1820)
= Scirpus pungens Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 164 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus tabernaemontani subsp. lacustris (L.) Simonk.; 542 (1887), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus trigonus Nolte; Novit. Fl. Holsat.: 9 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus turgidus Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 22 (1799)
= Scirpus wolfgangii Besser; Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 536 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. hippolyti (V.I.Krecz.) Kukkonen; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 98B(Suppl.): 89 (1996); et in Fl. Iran., 173: 25 (1998)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Iran; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Parwan, Samangan); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus grossheimii Pobed.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 17 (1950)
= Schoenoplectus hippolyti (V.I.Krecz.) V.I.Krecz.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 332 (1941)
= Scirpus grossheimii (Pobed.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 207 (1981)
= Scirpus hippolyti V.I.Krecz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 7: 28 (1937)
species :
Schoenoplectus litoralis (Schrad.) Palla; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 10: 299 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. litoralis
Name: Strand-Teichsimse (DE); Shore Club-rush (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; ?Austria; Hungary; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; European Russia; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Benin; Gabon; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; ?Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Free State, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Helmand, Kandahar, Nimroz, Qunduz); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Bahrain; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut); China; Mongolia; Pakistan (Sind, Kurram, Peshawar, Pakistani Punjab); India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Thailand; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); N-Line Isl. (Teraina)
11 ger HUN 12 BAL COR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT PTL ROM SIC TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 22 BEN BKN GAM GNB GUI SEN SIE 23 BUR GAB RWA 24 CHA 25 KEN TAN 27 BOT LES SAF 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR OMA SAU YEM 36 CHI 37 MON 40 BAN IND PAK 41 AND NCB THA 42 JAW LSI NWG PHI 50 AUS 61 LIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Eleogiton litoralis (Schrad.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 173 (1869)
= Heleogiton litorale (Schrad.) Rchb.; Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2. 3: 1808 (1830)
= Malacochaete lehmanni Nees ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 716
= Malacochaete litoralis (Schrad.) Nees; Linnaea 9: 292 (1834)
= Pterolepis litoralis (Schrad.) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 385 (2009)
= Schoenoplectus philippii (Tineo) Pignatti; Archiv. Bot., Forli 34: 8 (1958) (philipphi)
= Scirpus aegyptiacus Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 4: 196 (1835)
= Scirpus arabicus Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 716
= Scirpus arrhenopogon Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 625 (1894), nom. inval.
= Scirpus balearicus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 166 (1837)
= Scirpus desprauxii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 86 (1855)
= Scirpus fimbrisetus Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 155 (1813)
= Scirpus litoralis f. semimersus Glück; 314 (1923)
= Scirpus litoralis f. submersus Glück; 314 (1923)
= Scirpus litoralis f. terrestris Glück; 315 (1923)
= Scirpus litoralis Schrad.; Fl. Germ. 1: 142 (1806)
= Scirpus litoralis subsp. philippii (Tineo) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 140 (1890)
= Scirpus litoralis var. foliosus Jahand., Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 70 (1931)
= Scirpus litoralis var. philippii (Tineo) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 764 (1882)
= Scirpus philippii Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil.: 36 (1846)
= Scirpus plumosus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 223 (1810)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani Salzm. ex Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 702 (1878), nom. inval.
= Scirpus triqueter Gren. & Godr.; Fl. Fr. 3: 373 (1855)
= Scirpus triqueter subsp. littoralis (Schrad.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 326 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. kasachstanicus (Dobrochot.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus kasachstanicus (Dobrochot.) T.V.Egorova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 37:56 (2005)
= Scirpus kasachstanicus Dobrochot.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 61 (1950)
species :
Schoenoplectus nipponicus (Makino) Soják; Cas. Nar. Mus., Odd. Prir. 140: 127 (1972)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus etuberculatus subsp. nipponicus (Makino) T.Koyama; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 7: 328 (1958)
= Scirpus depauperatus Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 20: 345 (1901) non Poir. (1804)
= Scirpus etuberculatus subsp. nipponicus (Makino) T.Koyama; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 7(6): 328 (1958)
= Scirpus nipponicus Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 9: 311 (1895)
species :
Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla; Sitzb. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 38: 49 (1888)
Name: Common threesquare (EN), Amerikanische Teichsimse (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands; +Belgium; Germany (+Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; ?European Russia; Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.; Alaska; Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Hispaniola; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potosí); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Los Lagos)
10 grb 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SWI 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ITA 50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA 81 HIS 83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus pungens (Vahl) Missbach & E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 2: 32 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Eleocharis leptophylla Schult.; Mant. 2: 88 (1824)
= Eleogiton rothii Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 173 (1869)
= Heleogiton pungens (Vahl) Rchb.; Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2. 3: 1808 (1830)
= Heleogiton rothii (Hoppe) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 693 (1866)
= Isolepis aristata C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 144 (1822)
= Schoenoplectus monophyllus subsp. conglomeratus (Kunth) Soják; Cas. Nar. Mus., Odd. Prir. 141: 62 (1972)
= Scirpus aggregatus Ruiz ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 709
= Scirpus americanus f. cordilleranus Kük. & Barros; Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. ´Bernardino Rivadavia´ 38: 159 (1935)
= Scirpus americanus var. conglomeratus (Kunth) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 41: 1119 (1963)
= Scirpus americanus var. monostachys (T.Marsson) Suess.; 38 (1939)
= Scirpus americanus var. pungens (Vahl) Barros & Osten; Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, 3: 203 (1931)
= Scirpus aristatus (C.Presl) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 138 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus brevivaginatus Boeckeler; Flora 41: 413 (1858)
= Scirpus conglomeratus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 227 (1816)
= Scirpus limensis C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 29 (1908)
= Scirpus lomanus H.Pfeiff.; Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 8: 39 (1929)
= Scirpus longifolius Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 49 (1832)
= Scirpus melanorrhizus Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 504 (1884)
= Scirpus melas Kunze ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 169 (1837)
= Scirpus mucronatus Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 23 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus pungens Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 255 (1805)
= Scirpus pungens var. conglomeratus (Kunth) Roy L.Taylor & MacBryde; Canad. J. Bot. 56: 190 (1978)
= Scirpus pungens var. monostachys T.Marsson; 516 (1869)
= Scirpus rothii Hoppe; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. 36 (1814)
= Scirpus subappendiculatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 84 (1855)
= Scirpus tenuifolius DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 300 (1815)
= Scirpus triangularis MacMill.; Metasp. Minnesota Valley: 99 (1892)
= Scirpus triangularis Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 752 (1821)
= Scirpus triqueter R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 223 (1810)
= Scirpus triqueter subsp. rothii (Hoppe) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 326 (1894)
variant :
var. badius (C.Presl) S.G.Sm.; Novon 5(1): 100 (1995)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania); New Zealand; Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Uruguay (Colonia, Florida Prov., Montevideo, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Jujuy, Mendoza, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Chile (Atacama, Maule, Los Lagos)
50 AUS 51 NZL 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus americanus subsp. monophyllus (C.Presl & J.Presl) Vegetti; Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 67(2): 247 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Schoenoplectus monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Scirpus americanus subsp. monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 41: 1118 (1963)
= Scirpus americanus var. longisetis (Benth.) Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 30: 400 (1943)
= Scirpus americanus var. monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) T.Koyama
= Scirpus badius J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 193 (1828)
= Scirpus monophyllus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 193 (1828)
= Scirpus olneyi f. australis Barros & Osten; Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, II 3: 204 (1931)
= Scirpus olneyi f. minor Barros; Descole, Gen. Sp. Pl. Argent. 4(1): 201 (1949)
= Scirpus pungens subsp. monophyllus (J.Presl & C.Presl) R.L.Taylor & MacBryde; Canad. J. Bot. 56(2): 190 (1978)
= Scirpus pungens var. longisetis Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 333 (1878)
= Scirpus pungens var. nanus Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 333 (1878)
variant :
var. longispicatus (Britton) S.G.Sm.; Novon 5(1): 100 (1995)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Uruguay (Florida); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, San Luis); Chile (Coquimbo)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus americanus subsp. longispicatus (Britton) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Schoenoplectus americanus var. longibracteatus (Osten & Barros) Vegetti; Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 67(2): 247 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Schoenoplectus pungens subsp. longispicatus (Britton) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 30(4): 849 (1981)
= Schoenoplectus pungens var. longebracteatus (Osten & Barros) Vegetti; Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 67(2): 247 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Schoenoplectus pungens var. polyphyllus (Boeckeler) Dorn; Vasc. Pl. Wyoming, ed. 3: 376 (2001)
= Scirpus americanus var. longibracteatus Barros & Osten; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo, II 3: 203 (1931)
= Scirpus americanus var. longispicatus Britton; Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11: 78 (1892)
= Scirpus americanus var. polyphyllus (Boeckeler) Beetle; Amer. J. Bot. 30: 399 (1943)
= Scirpus longispicatus (Britton) Smyth; [comb. illeg.]
= Scirpus pungens var. longibracteatus Osten & Barros
= Scirpus pungens var. longispicatus (Britton) Cronquist; Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A.,6: 74 (1977)
= Scirpus pungens var. longispicatus (Britton) R.L.Taylor & MacBryde; Canad. J. Bot. 56(2): 190 (1978)
= Scirpus pungens var. polyphyllus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 709 (1870)
= Scirpus solispicatus Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 230 (1915)
species :
Schoenoplectus scirpoides (Schrad.) Browning; S. African J. Bot. 60(3): 172 (1994)
Distribution: Senegal; Burkina Faso; Gabon; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; ?Angola; Zambia; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.)
22 BKN SEN 23 BUR GAB RWA 24 ERI ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM 27 BOT NAM SAF 29 COM MDG
Remarks: sometimes included in S. subulatus
Synonyms: hidden
= Malacochaete pterolepis Nees; Linnaea 9: (1834) 292
= Pterolepis scirpoides Schrad.; Goett. Gel. Anz. (1821) III. 2071, non Scirpus scirpoides (Michx.) T. Koyama
= Schoenoplectus litoralis var. pterolepis (Nees) C.C.Towns.; Kew Bull. 15: 417 (1962)
= Scirpus litoralis var. pterolepis (Nees) C.B.Clarke; Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 625 (1894)
= Scirpus pterolepis (Nees) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 166 (1837)
species :
Schoenoplectus subterminalis (Torr.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Name: Swaying bulrush
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus subterminalis Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 47 (1823)
= Scirpus subterminalis f. terrestris (Paine) Fernald; Rhodora 45: 288 (1943)
= Scirpus subterminalis var. terrestris Paine; Cat. Pl. Oneida Co.: 96 (1865)
species :
Schoenoplectus subulatus (Vahl) Lye; Bot. Notiser 124(2): 290 (1971)
Distribution: Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt; Chad; Ethiopia; Iran; Afghanistan (Balkh, Helmand, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Samangan); Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Pakistan (Baluchistan); India (Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Andaman / Nicobar Isl.; S-Thailand; Laos; Lesser Sunda Isl.; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia; New Caledonia; Phoenix Isl. (Kanton); Austral Isl. (Tubuai); Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian); Guam
13 ITA 20 ALG EGY MOR 24 CHA ETH 34 AFG IRN 38 JAP NNS 40 IND PAK SRL 41 LAO THA 42 LSI NWG 50 AUS 60 NWC PHX 61 AUI 62 GUM MRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Malacochaete pectinata (Roxb.) Nees; Linnaea 9: 292 (1834)
= Pterolepis litoralis subsp. subulatus (Vahl) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 385 (2009)
= Schoenoplectus litoralis subsp. subulatus (Vahl) Soják; Cas. Nar. Mus., Odd. Prir. 141: 62 (1972)
= Schoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalis (Trab.) S.S.Hooper; Fl. Hassan Distr., Karnataka (India) 698 (1976)
= Schoenoplectus littoralis subsp. subulatus (Vahl) T.Koyama; M. D. Dassanayake & Fosberg, eds., Revised Handb. Fl. Sri Lanka 5: 157 (1985)
= Schoenoplectus supinus subsp. subulatus (Vahl) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Scirpus litoralis subsp. subulatus (Vahl) Wad.Khan; Rheedea 10(1): 28 (2000)
= Scirpus litoralis subsp. thermalis (Trab.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., n. s., 2(18) 3: 18 (1922)
= Scirpus litoralis var. subulatus (Vahl) Chiov.; Pl. Nov. Aethiop.: 16 (1928)
= Scirpus litoralis var. thermalis Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 99 (1895)
= Scirpus pectinatus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 81 (1814), nomen
= Scirpus subulatus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 268 (1805)
= Scirpus subulatus var. capensis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 717 (1870)
= Scirpus wardianus J.R.Drumm.; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 73: 147 (1904)
species :
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla; Sitzb. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 39 (1888)
Name: Softstem bulrush (EN), Salz-Teichsimse, Graue Seebinse (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Namibia [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); East Aegaean Isl.; Iran; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Faryab, Qunduz); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Pakistan (Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi, Baltistan); Nepal; India (Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Shan); Philippines; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand; Chatham Isl.; Vanuatu; Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Hawaii Isl.); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Bermuda; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Uruguay (Colonia, Montevideo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 27 nam 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 MYA 42 NWG PHI 50 AUS nfk 51 CTM NZL 60 VAN 63 HAW 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC 81 BAH BER CAY CUB JAM PUE VIR 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Missbach & E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 2: 31 (1900)
= Eleogiton tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 173 (1869)
= Heleogiton glaucum Sm. ex Rchb.; Moessl. Handb. ed. II. 3: 77 (1807)
= Heleogiton glaucum var. salinum Schur; 67 (1851), nom. inval.
= Heleogiton tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz: 22 (1841)
= Heleophylax tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zurich 53: 587 (1908)
= Hymenochaeta tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 133 (1952)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris f. glaucus (Hartm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. creber (Fernald) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 30(4): 849 (1981)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. glaucus (Hartm.) Luceño & Marín; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 59: 352 (2001 publ. 2002)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. glaucus Bech.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 11 (1928)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 10(3): 275 (1975)
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. validus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. 29: 128 (1989)
= Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani f. paludosus (Boenn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani f. sub-duvalii (Beckh.) Soó; Acta. Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 81: 33 (1954)
= Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) Ovcz. & Czukav.; Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 44 (1963), isonym
= Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Fl. Taiwan 5: 209 (1978), isonym
= Schoenoplectus validus subsp. creber (Fernald) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 81: 33 (1954)
= Schoenoplectus validus subsp. luxurians (Miq.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
= Scirpus glaucus Sm.; Engl. Bot.: t. 2321 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus globifer Welw. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 87 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus lacustris f. glaucus (Hartm.) Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 480 (1846)
= Scirpus lacustris f. pictus Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 140 (1938)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. creber (Fernald) T.Koyama; Phytologia 8: 457 (1963)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. digynus Lönnr.; Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-akademiens forhandlingar 39: 98 (1892), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. glaucus (Sm. ex Rchb.) Hartm.; Sv. Norsk. Exc.-Fl.: 10 (1846)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Syme; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. ed. 3, 10: 64 (1870)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. validus (Vahl) Osten; Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, 3: 205 (1931)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. validus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 927 (1962), isonym
= Scirpus lacustris var. creber (Fernald) T.Koyama; Ohwi, Fl. Jap., ed. rev.: 204 (1965)
= Scirpus lacustris var. glaucus (Sm. ex Rchb.) Andersson; 6 (1849)
= Scirpus lacustris var. glaucus (Sm. ex Rchb.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 5: 256 (1849)
= Scirpus lacustris var. littoreus Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 28 (1824)
= Scirpus lacustris var. luxurians (Miq.) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 927 (1962)
= Scirpus lacustris var. minor Roth; 22 (1788)
= Scirpus lacustris var. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Döll; Rhein. Fl. 165 (1843)
= Scirpus lacustris var. validus (Vahl) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 200 (1926)
= Scirpus maritimus subsp. tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 318 (1890)
= Scirpus siculus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 214 (1909)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 1: 101 (1805)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani f. luxurians Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 143 (1886)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani f. paludosus Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal. (1824)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani f. semimersus Glück; 315 (1923)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani f. sub-duvalii Beckh.; Fl. Westfalen: 936 (1893)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani f. terrestris Glück; 315 (1923)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani var. major Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 6: 337 (1830)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani var. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 6: 337 (1830)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani var. paludosus Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 15 (1824)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani var. salinus Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 15 (1824)
= Scirpus tabernaemontani var. uliginosus (Kar. & Kir.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 275 (1869)
= Scirpus uliginosus Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 520 (1842)
= Scirpus validus f. creber (Fernald) Beetle; Publ. Univ. Wyoming 13: 6 (1948)
= Scirpus validus Vahl; Enum. 2: 268 (1805)
= Scirpus validus var. creber Fernald; Rhodora 45: 283 (1943)
= Scirpus validus var. laeviglumis Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 221 (1961)
= Scirpus virgatus Mérat; 19 (1812)
= Scirpus welwitschii K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 141 (1890)
species :
Schoenoplectus torreyi (Olney) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. 17: Beih. 3 (1911)
Name: Torrey´s bulrush
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus cylindricus (Torr.) Britton; Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 11: (1892) 79
= Scirpus maritimus var. cylindricus Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 325 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus subterminalis var. cylindricus (Torr.) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 930 (1962)
= Scirpus torreyi Olney; Proc. Franklin Soc. Providence 1: (1847) 32
species :
Schoenoplectus triqueter (L.) Palla; Sitzb. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 38: (1888)49; A. J. Kern. Sched. Fl. Austro-Hung. 5: 90 (1888)
Name: Streambank bulrush (EN), Dreikant-Teichsimse, Dreikantige Teichsimse (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Hamburg, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N-Portugal; NW-Spain; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Egypt (NE-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); South Africa (North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Free State, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Siberia (Altai); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Parwan, Qunduz, Takhar); Mongolia; China (Shandong); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Pakistan (Sind, Swat, Baltistan, Skardu, Gilgit); Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); USA [I] (Oregon [I])
10 GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 20 EGY 21 MDR 27 SAF 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS oga 40 BHU IND PAK 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus triqueter (L.) Missbach & E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 2: 31 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Eleogiton triqueter (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 173 (1869)
= Eleogiton triquetrum (L.) Rchb.; 77 (1830)
= Heleogiton lejeunei (Weihe) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 77 (1830)
= Heleogiton triquetrum (L.) Rchb.; Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2. 3: 1808 (1830)
= Heleophylax triquetrus (L.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53: 587 (1908)
= Hymenochaeta triquetra (L.) Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 134 (1952)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter f. conglomeratus (Döll) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter f. hoppei (Weihe) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter f. macrostachys (Junge) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter f. monostachys (Junge) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter f. pallidus (Döll) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Schoenoplectus triqueter var. segregatus (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 70 (1989)
= Schoenoplectus trisetosus (Tang & F.T.Wang) S.Yun Liang; Higher Pl. China 12: 264 (2009)
= Scirpus hoppei Weihe; Flora 11: 118 (1828)
= Scirpus lejeunei Weihe; Flora 11: 116 (1828)
= Scirpus mucronatus Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 3: 44 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus pollichii Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 374 (1855)
= Scirpus pollichii var. conglomeratus (Döll) Döll; 301 (1856)
= Scirpus pollichii var. coriacea Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 113 (1878)
= Scirpus pollichii var. hoppei (Weihe) Döll; 301 (1856)
= Scirpus pollichii var. pallidus (W.D.J.Koch) Döll; 301 (1856)
= Scirpus seoanei Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia: 173 (1897)
= Scirpus triqueter f. conglomeratus (Döll) Vollm.; 125 (1914)
= Scirpus triqueter f. conglomeratus Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 163 (1843)
= Scirpus triqueter f. hoppei Weihe
= Scirpus triqueter f. macrostachys Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 25(3): 257 (1908)
= Scirpus triqueter f. monostachys Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 22(3): 72 (1905)
= Scirpus triqueter f. pallidus Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 163 (1843)
= Scirpus triqueter f. semimersus Glück; 316 (1923)
= Scirpus triqueter f. submersus Glück; 316 (1923)
= Scirpus triqueter f. terrestris Glück; 315 (1923)
= Scirpus triqueter L.; Mantissa 29 (1767)
= Scirpus triqueter var. conglomeratus Döll; 163 (1843)
= Scirpus triqueter var. conglomeratus Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 144 (1827), nom. nud.
= Scirpus triqueter var. foliaceus Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 76 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Scirpus triqueter var. hoppei (Weihe) Döll; 163 (1843)
= Scirpus triqueter var. hoppei (Weihe) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 764 (1882)
= Scirpus triqueter var. lejeunei (Weihe) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 764 (1882)
= Scirpus triqueter var. pallidus W.D.J.Koch; 742 (1837)
= Scirpus triqueter var. segregatus C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 658 (1893)
= Scirpus trisetosus Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popitl. Sin. 11: 18, 221 (1961)
species :
Schoenoplectus ×carinatus (Sm.) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 299 (1888) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. carinatus
Name: Gekielte Teichsimse (DE)
Distribution: C- & NW-Europe; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein); Slovakia; European Russia; USA (Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Vermont); etc.
11 GER SLO 14 RUS 73 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Schoenoplectus lacustris x triqueter
Synonyms: hidden
= Heleogiton ×trigonum (Roth) Rchb.; J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1807 (1830)
= Heleophylax ×carinatus (Sm.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53: 587 (1908)
= Schoenoplectus ×kalmussii (Asch., Abrom. & Graebn.) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 6: 215 (1900)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. carinatus (Sm.) Syme; 64 (1870)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. duvalii (Hoppe) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 326 (1894)
= Scirpus lacustris var. duvalii (Hoppe) Karsch; 595 (1853)
= Scirpus trigonus Roth; Neue Beytr. 1: 90 (1802)
= Scirpus ×carinatus Sm.; Engl. Bot. 28: 1983 (1809)
= Scirpus ×duvalii Hoppe; J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. 36: (1814)
= Scirpus ×kalmussii Asch., Abrom. & Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn. Fl. N. O. Deutsch. Flachl. 133 (1898)
= Scirpus ×rosellinii Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 99 (1884), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. triquetriformis (V.I.Krecz.) Govaerts; Govaerts & Frodin, World Checkl. Cyperaceae: 662 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: S. lacustris ssp. hippolyti x S. triqueter
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus ×triquetriformis f. transiens Ovcz. & Czukav.; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 2: 423 (1963)
= Schoenoplectus ×triquetriformis V.I.Krecz.; Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 42, 423 (1963)
= Scirpus ×triquetriformis (V.I.Krecz.) T.V.Egorova; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 5: 15 (1976)
species :
Schoenoplectus ×contortus (Eames) S.G.Sm.; Novon 5(1): 101 (1995)
Distribution: USA (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Virginia)
75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Scirpus americanus x Scirpus pungens
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus olneyi var. contortus Eames; Rhodora 9: 220 (1907)
= Scirpus ×contortus (Eames) T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 41: 1123 (1963)
species :
Schoenoplectus ×flevensis (D.Bakker) Lansdown & Rumsey; Brit. Irish Bot. 2(4): 407 (2020), pro spec.
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Germany (Bayern, Hamburg, Niedersachsen); etc.
10 GRB 11 GER NET
Remarks: Schoenoplectus lacustris x S. tabernaemontani
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. flevensis (D.Bakker) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 50 (1961)
= Scirpus lacustris subsp. flevensis D.Bakker; Acta Bot. Neerl. 3(4): 434 (1954)
= Scirpus ×buchenaui Cif. & Giacom.; 58 (1950), nom. inval.
species :
Schoenoplectus ×kuekenthalianus (Junge) D.H.Kent; Watsonia 18(2): 213 (1990)
Name: Kuekenthal-Teichsimse (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I]); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani x triqueter
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoplectus ×carinatus nothosubsp. kuekenthalianus (Junge) P.D.Sell; P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 5: 363 (1996)
= Scirpus ×arunensis Druce; Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 7: 68 (1923 publ. 1924), nom. subnud.
= Scirpus ×kuekenthalianus Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 22(Beih.): 73 (1905)
species :
Schoenoplectus ×oblongus (T.Koyama) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 62 (1972)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec); USA (California, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontana x acutus
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus ×oblongus T.Koyama; Canad. J. Bot. 40: 928 (1962)
species :
Schoenoplectus ×steinmetzii (Fernald) S.G.Sm.; Novon 5(1): 99 (1995)
Distribution: USA (Maine, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontana x heterochaetus
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus validus f. steinmetzii (Fernald) Beetle; Publ. Univ. Wyoming 13: 6 (1948)
= Scirpus ×steinmetzii Fernald; Rhodora 45: 286 (1943)
Loading ...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life