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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

145.0000 Family Asparagaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 40 (1789), nom. cons., s. l.
ca. 140 genera, ca. 3400 spp. The family is nowadays expanded very much to include all of former Asparagales (from Tecophilaeaceae to Ruscaceae)
Species listed in database: 3534; hybrids: 33
= Agavaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 57, 58 (1829), nom. cons.
= Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 995 (1997)
= Anthericaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 27 (1858)
= Aphyllanthaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 421, 1153 (1835), Family
= Aspidistraceae Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 32 (1844)
= Behniaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 996 (1997)
= Chlorogalaceae Doweld & Reveal; Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 53 (2005)
= Convallariaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 53 (1834)
= Dracaenaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 73 (1866), nom. cons.
= Eriospermaceae Orb.; Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 5: 402 (1845)
= Eucomidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 16 (1866)
= Eustrephaceae Chupov; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(3): 7 (1994)
= Herreriaceae Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 290 (1850)
= Hesperocallidaceae Traub; Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Hostaceae B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 43: 302 (1988)
= Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 315 (1797), Family
= Lachenaliaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 20 (1866)
= Laxmanniaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 111 (1902), Family
= Lomandraceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 761 (1911)
= Nolinaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 226 (1943)
= Ophiopogonaceae Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen., Tab. Diagn. 397, Comm. 308 (1842)
= Ornithogalaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 33 (1866)
= Peliosanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Polygonataceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Ruscaceae M.Roem.; Handb. Allg. Bot. 3: 446 (1840), nom. cons.
= Sansevieriaceae Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 779 (1936)
= Scillaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 284 (1818)
= Themidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 84 (1866), Family
= Tupistraceae Schnizl.; Iconogr. Fam. Regn. Veg. 1: 72 (1846)
= Yuccaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 8 (1858)
145.7614 Genus Scilla L.; Sp. Pl.: 308 (1753) s. str., nom. cons.
Distribution: Mediterranean and tropical Africa to South Africa and Asia Minor, some to central Europe, Macaronesia, Asia Minor and S-Himalaya, 1 E-Asia. There is considerable dispute which genera should be spun off (Speta established a microgenera system). Especially Chionodoxa is often kept separate. Several species remaining in tropical Africa belong most likely to other genera.
Species listed in database: 60
= Adenoscilla Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 3: 187 (1855)
= Autonoe (Webb & Berthel.) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 93 (1998)
= Basaltogeton Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 27 (1866)
= Caloscilla Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 14 (1869)
= Chionodoxa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 5: 61 (1844)
= Chouardia Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 97 (1998)
= Gemicia Yildirim; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 8(1): 40 (2021)
= Genlisa Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 57 (1840)
= Helonias Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 50 (1763), nom. illeg.
= Hylomenes Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 26 (1866)
= Ioncomelos Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 62 (1837), orth. var.
= Lagocodes Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 24 (1837)
= Lilio-hyacinthus Ortega; Tab. Bot.: 20 (1773)
= Monocallis Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 27 (1866)
= Nectaroscilla Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 26 (1854)
= Oncostema Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 13 (1837)
= Othocallis Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1866)
= Petranthe Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 27 (1866)
= Pfosseria Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 113 (1998)
= Rinopodium Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1866)
= Schnarfia Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 120 (1998)
= Stellaris Fabr.; Enum.: 13 (1759), nom. superfl.
= Stellaster Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum., ed. 2: 23 (1763), nom. superfl.
= Tractema Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 57 (1837)
= xChionoscilla J.Allen ex Nicholson; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 21: 191 (1897)
species :
Scilla albanica Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 197 (1932)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Synonyms: hidden
= Schnarfia albanica (Turrill) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 121 (1998)
species :
Scilla albinerve Yildirim & Gemici; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 1(2): 41 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla alinihatiana Aslan & Yildirim; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 2(2): 34, figs. 1-2, 4 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla amoena L.; Sp. Pl. 309 (1753)
Name: Schöner Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; France [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Turkey
11 ger slo 12 fra 13 bul rom 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus amoenus (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 1: 98 (1906)
= Othocallis amoena (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 28 (1866)
= Othocallis amoena (L.) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009), isonym
= Scilla amara Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 495 (1766)
species :
Scilla andria Speta; Phyton (Austria) 31(1): 28 (1991)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades: Andros)
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla arsusiana Yildirim & Gemici; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 1(2): 38 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla bifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 309 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. bifolia
Name: Zweiblättriger Blaustern (DE); Alpine Squill (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [c]; Belarus [I]; Ukraine; Crimea; C-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kakheti); Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Ikaria, Samos, Leros, Kalimnos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX net SLO SWI 12 FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 blr est KRY RUS UKR 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenoscilla bifolia (L.) Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 3: 187 (1855)
= Adenoscilla unifolia Texidor; Rev. Prog. Cienc. 18: (1869)
= Anthericum bifolium (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 247 (1771)
= Genlisa bifolia (L.) Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 57 (1840)
= Hyacinthus bifolius (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 98 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Ornithogalum bifolium (L.) Neck.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 2: 461 (1770)
= Rinopodium bifolia (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1866), nom. inval.
= Scilla bifolia f. multiflora Gajic & Kulibali; Glasn. Prir. Muz. Beogradu, B 31: 15 (1976)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. danubialis Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 1973: 16 (1974)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. laxa (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 388 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. praecox (Willd.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 220 (1890)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. rara Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 197, figs, 11c, 12, 13a-c (2009)
= Scilla bifolia var. albiflora Wirtg.; 186 (1841)
= Scilla bifolia var. cernua Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 730 (1882)
= Scilla bifolia var. hohenackeri Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 730 (1882)
= Scilla bifolia var. laxa (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 730 (1882)
= Scilla bifolia var. major Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa 234 (1825)
= Scilla bifolia var. parviflora Wallr.; 194 (1840)
= Scilla bifolia var. purpurea Mischtschenko ex Grossheim; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada n. s. 3-4: 185 (1927)
= Scilla bifolia var. rosea (Lehm.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 306 (1890)
= Scilla bifolia var. secunda (Janka) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 306 (1890)
= Scilla bifolia var. taurica Regel; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 15(2): 21 (1856)
= Scilla bulgarica Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 46 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla carnea Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. II. 528 (1830)
= Scilla cernua Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 230 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Scilla chladnii Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 1: 39 (1850)
= Scilla concinna Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 242 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Scilla decidua Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 22: 65 (1976)
= Scilla dedea Speta; Willdenowia 21: 160 (1991)
= Scilla dubia K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 315 (1847)
= Scilla hohenackeri Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 230 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Scilla laxa Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 669 (1866)
= Scilla lusitanica L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 12. 2: 248 (1767)
= Scilla minor K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 9 (1846)
= Scilla nivalis subsp. subnivalis Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 730 (1882)
= Scilla nivalis var. praecox (Willd.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 730 (1882)
= Scilla praecox Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 128 (1799)
= Scilla pruinosa Speta; Willdenowia, 21(1-2): 162 (1991)
= Scilla resslii Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 22: 66 (1976)
= Scilla rosea Lehm.; Index Seminum (HBG, Hamburgensis) 1828: 17 (1828), et Linnaea 5: 384 (1830)
= Scilla secunda Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 6: 194 (1856)
= Scilla taurica (Regel) Fuss; Fl. Transsilv. 650 (1866)
= Scilla trifolia Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 668 (1866)
= Scilla uluensis Speta; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 8(1): 308 (1976)
= Scilla vernalis Montandon; Friche-Joset, Syn. Fl. Jura, ed. 2: 316 (1868)
= Scilla xanthandra K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 816 (1847)
= Stellaris bifolia (L.) Moench; Methodus: 304 (1794)
variant :
var. bohemica Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 197, figs, 5, 6a-b (2009)
Distribution: Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE
variant :
var. drunensis (Speta) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary; etc.
11 AUT CZE HUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla bifolia subsp. drunensis Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz. 1973: 17 (1973 publ. 1974)
= Scilla drunensis (Speta) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 22: 34 (1976)
= Scilla drunensis lusus albescens Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 69 (1987-1988 publ. 1988)
= Scilla drunensis lusus albida Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 69 (1987-1988 publ. 1988)
= Scilla drunensis subsp. laxa (Schur) Valdés; Willdenowia 34: 64 (2004)
variant :
var. magnomoravica Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 197, figs, 10, 11a, b (2009)
Distribution: Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE
subspecies :
subsp. spetana (Kereszty) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla spetana Kereszty; Symb. Bot. Upsal., et in Bot. Közlem. 27(2): 111 1986 (1987)
species :
Scilla bilgineri Yildirim; Turkish J. Bot. 41: 89 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla bithynica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 111 (1846)
Distribution: ?Romania; E-Bulgaria; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pfosseria bithynica (Boiss.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 113 (1998)
= Scilla amoena var. bithynica (Boiss.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 240 (1873)
= Scilla bithynica subsp. linea Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 25: 81 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla bithynica subsp. paphlagonica Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 25: 83 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla bithynica subsp. radkae (Davidov) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 25: 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla radkae Davidov; Magyar Bot. Lap. 4: 29 (1905)
species :
Scilla buekkensis Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 22: 42 (1976)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary; Romania
11 HUN SLO 13 ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla drunensis subsp. buekkensis (Speta) Kereszty; Bot. Közlem., 74-75(1-2): 69 1987-88 (1988), without basionym ref.
= Scilla bifolia subsp. buekkensis (Speta) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 23: 388 (1977 publ. 1978)
species :
Scilla cilicica Siehe; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 44: 194, f. 81 (1908)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis cilicica (Siehe) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis morrisii var. veneris (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 51(2): 226 (2011)
= Scilla veneris Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 22: 69 (1976)
species :
Scilla cretica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Speta; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 119(1-3): 14 (1971)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa cretica Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 24 (1844), et Boiss., Diagn. Fl. Or. Nov. 2(13): 24 (1853)
= Hyacinthus creticus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 64 (1865)
species :
Scilla cydonia Speta; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 30(1): 432 (1998)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla dimartinoi Brullo & Pavone; Candollea 42(2): 614 (1987)
Distribution: Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa)
13 PEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema dimartinoi (Brullo & Pavone) F.Conti & Soldano; Annot. Checkl. Italian Vasc. Fl. 20 (2005)
species :
Scilla forbesii (Baker) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 21: 31 (1976)
Name: Forbes-Blaustern (DE), Glory-of-the-snow (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); USA [I] (Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Utah [I])
11 ger 34 TUR 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa forbesii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 436 (1870)
= Chionodoxa luciliae var. forbesii (Baker) Drude; Gartenflora 36: 458 (1887)
species :
Scilla haemorrhoidalis Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 336. t. 230 (1847)
Name: Rotschäftiger Blaustern (DE); Cebolla almorrana menor (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Autonoe dasyantha (Webb & Berthel.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 93 (1998)
= Autonoe haemorrhoidalis (Webb & Berthel.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 93 (1998)
= Scilla dasyantha Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
species :
Scilla hakkariensis Firat & Yildirim; Adansonia 42(2): 90 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla hyacinthoides L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2: 243 (1767)
Name: Hyazinthen-Blaustern (DE); Hyacinth Squill (EN)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Algeria [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Java [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
12 COR FRA por SAR spa 13 CRO GRC ITA SIC 20 alg 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 42 jaw 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagocodes hyacinthoides (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 25 (1836)
= Nectaroscilla hyacinthoides (L.) Parl.; Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 27 (1854)
= Prospero hyacinthoideum (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 28 (1866)
= Scilla eriophora Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 10 (1768)
= Scilla italica var. albiflora A.Fern. & J.G.García; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 21: 8 (1947)
= Scilla parviflora Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 242 (1796), nom. superfl.
species :
Scilla ingridiae Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 68 (1977)
Name: Ingrid-Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
11 ger 34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis ingridiae (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Scilla ingridiae var. taurica (Barr) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 129 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla siberica unranked taurica Barr; Cat. 1890(Autumn): 16 (1890)
species :
Scilla kladnii Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 668 (1866)
Distribution: Slovakia; S-Poland; NE-Hungary; Romania; W-Ukraine
11 HUN POL SLO 13 ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla alpina Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 3: 90 (1852)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. alpina (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 730 (1882)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. subtriphylla (Schur) Domin; Preslia 13-15: 19 (1936)
= Scilla bifolia var. kladnii (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 730 (1882)
= Scilla bifolia var. subtriphylla (Schur) T.Simon; Ann. Biol. Univ. Debrecen. n. s. 1: 154 (1950)
= Scilla subtriphylla Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 668 (1866)
species :
Scilla kurdistanica Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 70 (1977)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis kurdistanica (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla lakusicii Silic; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine Sarajevu Prir. Nauke 30: 30 (1991)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro
13 BIH CRO MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Chouardia lakusicii (Silic) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 98 (1998)
species :
Scilla latifolia Willd. ex Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 566 (1829)
Name: Breitblättriger Blaustern (DE); Cebolla almorrana mayor (ES)
Distribution: SW-Morocco (Antiatlas); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
20 MOR 21 CNY SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Autonoe berthelotii (Webb & Berthel.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 93 (1998)
= Autonoe iridifolia (Webb & Berthel.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 95 (1998)
= Autonoe latifolia (Willd. ex Schult.f.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 95 (1998)
= Scilla berthelotii Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 337 (1847)
= Scilla iridifolia Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
species :
Scilla leepii Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 69, t. 8 (1977)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis leepii (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla libanotica Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 68 (1977)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis libanotica (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla liliohyacinthus L.; Sp. Pl. 308 (1753)
Distribution: N-Spain (mountains); France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema liliohyacinthus (L.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Ornithogalum squamosum Lam.; Fl. Fr. 3: 274 (1779)
= Scilla squamosa Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 109 (1867)
= Stellaris squamosa (Dulac) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 80 (1902)
= Tractema liliohyacinthus (L.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
species :
Scilla litardierei Breistr.; Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 23: 129 (1954)
Name: Amethyst-Blaustern, Wiesen-Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; S-Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania
11 ger 13 ALB BIH CRO SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Chouardia litardierei (Breistr.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 97 (1998)
= Nectaroscilla litardierei (Breistr.) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
= Scilla amethystina Vis.; Flora 12(1 Erg.): 11 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Scilla italica Host; Fl. Austr. 1: 434 (1827), non L.
= Scilla pratensis Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 2: 207 (1805), nom. illeg.
species :
Scilla lochiae (Meikle) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 20: 175 (1974)
Distribution: Cyprus (Troodos)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa lochiae Meikle; Kew Bull. 495 (1954)
species :
Scilla longistylosa Speta; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 8: 312 (1976)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla luciliae (Boiss.) Speta; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 119(1-3): 14 (1971)
Name: Lucile-Blaustern, Tmolus-Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; France [I]; Turkey (W-Anatolia)
11 aut ger 12 fra 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa gigantea Whittall; Nursery Cat. (Barr & Son) 1889(Autumn): 3 (1889)
= Chionodoxa grandiflora Ware ex Wilks & Weathers; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 95: 20 (1970)
= Chionodoxa luciliae Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 5: 61 (1844)
= Chionodoxa luciliae var. alba M.C.Sedgw. & R.Cameron; Garden Month by Month 3 (1907)
= Chionodoxa luciliae var. gigantea M.C.Sedgw. & R.Cameron; Garden Month by Month 7 (1907)
species :
Scilla lucis Speta; Phyton (Horn, Austria) 31: 29, f. 1 l-n (1991)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla madeirensis Menezes; Broteria, Ser. Bot. 22: 24; et in Broteria, Ser. Bot. 1927, xxiii.76 (1926)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens
21 MDR SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Autonoe madeirensis (Menezes) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 95 (1998)
= Scilla madeirensis var. melliodora Svent.; Ind. Sem. Agron. Investig. Nat. Hispan. Inst. 1968: 57 (1969)
species :
Scilla maireana (Brullo, Giusso & Terrasi) comb.ined.
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema maireana Brullo, Giusso & Terrasi; Bocconea 19: 170 (2006)
species :
Scilla melaina Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 67 (1977)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis melaina (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla merinoi S.Ortiz, Rodr.Oubiña & Izco; Nordic J. Bot. 13(2): 159 (1993)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Tractema merinoi (S.Ortiz, Rodr.Oubiña & Izco) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
species :
Scilla mesopotamica Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 69 (1977)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis mesopotamica (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla messeniaca Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 110 (1846)
Distribution: S-Greece (around Mt. Taygetos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Schnarfia messeniaca (Boiss.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 121 (1998)
species :
Scilla mischtschenkoana Grossh.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis ser. 2, 3: 200 (1927)
Name: Mischtschenko-Blaustern, Hellblütiger Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis mischtschenkoana (Grossh.) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 112 (1998)
= Scilla diziensis Grossh.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 1926-27, n. s. Pt. 3-4, 191 (1927)
= Scilla grossheimii Sosn.; Trudy Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk Armyansk. S.S.R. 2: 7 (1949)
= Scilla tubergeniana Hoog & Stearn; Bot. Mag. 167: t. 106 (1950)
= Scilla zangezura Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 160 (1940)
species :
Scilla monanthos K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 251 (1850)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis monanthos (K.Koch) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis winogradowii (Sosn.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 113 (1998)
= Scilla lazica Woronow; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 87 (1924)
= Scilla rosenii var. pulchella Miscz.; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot., V, 2: 46 (1912)
= Scilla winogradowii Sosn.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 33: 3 (1914)
species :
Scilla monophyllos Link; J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 319 (1800)
Distribution: Portugal; W-Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Monocallis monophylla (Link) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 28 (1866)
= Oncostema monophyllos (Link) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Oncostema tingitana (Schousb.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Scilla monophyllos f. albiflora Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia: 54 (1897)
= Scilla monophyllos f. maculata Rivas Mateos; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 1899: 100 (1899)
= Scilla monophyllos var. pumila (Brot.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 140 (1958)
= Scilla monophyllos var. tingitana (Schousb.) Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 390 (1924)
= Scilla pumila Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 527 (1804)
= Scilla tingitana Schousb.; Iagttag. Vextrig. Marokko: 169 (1800)
= Tractema monophyllos (Link) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
= Tractema pumila (Brot.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 57 (1836)
= Tractema tingitana (Schousb.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
species :
Scilla morrisii Meikle; Kew Bull. 30: 537 (1975)
Distribution: Cyprus (SW-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known only from 3 small populations
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis morrisii (Meikle) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
species :
Scilla nana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Speta; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119(1-3): 14 (1971)
Distribution: Crete (Lefka Ori, Mt. Ida, Mt. Dikti, Afendis Kavousi)
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa albescens (Speta) Rix; M. Rix & R. Phillips, The Bulb Book: 43 (1981)
= Chionodoxa cretica Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 5: 46 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Chionodoxa nana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Fl. Or. Nov. 2(13): 24 (1853)
= Hyacinthus nanus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 581 (1829)
= Puschkinia scilloides Sieber; Reise Kreta 2: 319 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Scilla albescens Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 21: 19 (1976)
= Scilla nana subsp. albescens (Speta) Speta; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 30: 435 (1998)
species :
Scilla nivalis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(5): 63 (1844)
Name: Schnee-Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey
11 ger 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Adenoscilla nivalis (Boiss.) J.Gay ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 239 (1873)
= Scilla bifolia subsp. nivalis (Boiss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 220 (1890)
= Scilla bifolia var. nivalis (Boiss.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 239 (1873)
species :
Scilla numidica Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 150 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. numidica
Name: Wüsten-Blaustern
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Barnardia numidica (Poir.) Speta; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 18(2): 402 (1986)
= Prospero parviflorum (Desf.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 28 (1866)
= Scilla parviflora Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 300 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Stellaris parviflora Steinh.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 286 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. ebusitana Romo; Fl. Silvestres Baleares: 325 (1994)
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza, Formentera)
12 BAL
species :
Scilla pleiophylla Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 62 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Scilla pneumonanthe Speta; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 8(1): 316 (1976)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla reuteri Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 58 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
species :
Scilla rosenii K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 250 (1850)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis koenigii (Fomin) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis rosenii (K.Koch) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 113 (1998)
= Scilla koenigii Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 13: 19 (1908)
species :
Scilla salbacus (Yildirim) comb.ined.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa salbacus Yildirim; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 8(1): 77, figs. 25-27 (2021)
species :
Scilla sardensis (Barr & Sugden) Speta; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 119(1-3): 14 (1971)
Name: Lydischer Blaustern, Dunkle Sternhyazinthe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (W-Anatolia)
11 ger 34 TUR
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa luciliae var. sardensis (Whittall ex Barr & Sugden) D.K.; Garden (London 1871-1927) 42: 211 (1892)
= Chionodoxa sardensis Whittall ex Barr & Sugden; Catal. (1883) ex Garden 28: 178 t. 175 (1885)
species :
Scilla siberica Haw.; H. Andrews, Botanist´s Repository 6: t. 365 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. siberica
Name: Sibirischer Blaustern, Nickender Blaustern (DE), Siberian squill (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Kartli, Kakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Wisconsin [I])
11 aut ger hun net slo 13 bul rom 14 blr est KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Endymion amoenulus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 731 (1882)
= Lagocodes cernua Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 25 (1836)
= Othocallis mordakiae (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis siberica (Andrews) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 38: 113 (1998)
= Scilla amoenula Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 1: 331 (1813)
= Scilla antitaurica J.N.Gerard; Gard. and For. (1890) 169
= Scilla azurea Goldb.; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 5: 125 (1817)
= Scilla cernua Redouté; Liliac. 5: t. 298 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Scilla mordakiae Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 70 (1976)
= Scilla praecox Donn; Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 2: 41 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Scilla pratensis K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 9 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Scilla siberica f. robusta Mordak; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(1): 53 (1983)
= Scilla siberica var. alba M.C.Sedgw. & R.Cameron; Garden Month by Month: 4 (1907)
= Scilla siberica var. gracilis Grossh.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, n.s., 3-4: 194 (1926-1927 publ. 1927)
= Scilla uniflora Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 318 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. armena (Grossh.) Mordak; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 56(10): 1450 (1970)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis armena (Grossh.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis siberica subsp. armena (Grossh.) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
= Scilla armena Grossh.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 1926 27, 11. s. Pt. 3-4, 198 (1927)
= Scilla siberica f. monantha Bordz.; Exsicc. (Fl. Cauc.) 1909: no. 334 (1909)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (Miscz.) Mordak; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 56(10): 1450 (1971)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); N-Iraq; N-Iran; W-Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis caucasica (Miscz.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis poluninii (Speta) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis siberica subsp. caucasica (Miscz.) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
= Scilla caucasica Miscz.; Bull. Angewandt. Bot. 5: 48 (1912)
= Scilla poluninii Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 99, f. 22 h-k, t. 12 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. otschiauriae (Mordak) Mordak; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 56(10): 1451 (1971)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kakheti)
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Othocallis otschiauriae (Mordak) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 112 (1998)
= Othocallis siberica subsp. otschiauriae (Mordak) Trávn.; Acta Mus. Morav. Sci. Biol. 94: 198 (2009)
= Scilla otschiauriae Mordak; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 60 (1968)
species :
Scilla siehei (Stapf) Speta; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119(1- 3): 14 (1971)
Name: Siehe-Blaustern, Siehe-Sternhyazinthe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey
11 ger 34 TUR
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa siehei Stapf; Bot. Mag. t. 9068 (1925)
species :
Scilla simiarum Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 249 (1878)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; Angola
23 CON 26 ANG
Remarks: status uncertain, probably not a Scilla
species :
Scilla subnivalis (Halácsy) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 57 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla bifolia var. subnivalis Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 238 (1904)
species :
Scilla tmolusi (Whittall) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 21: 44 (1976)
Name: Tmolus-Blaustern, Tmolus-Sternhyazinthe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey
11 ger 34 TUR
Remarks: widespread in the garden trade and frequently escaped
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionodoxa luciliae var. tmolusi (Whittall) M.C.Sedgw. & R.Cameron; Garden Month by Month 7 (1907)
= Chionodoxa tmolusi Whittall; Garden (London 1871-1927) 35: 367 (1889)
species :
Scilla vardariana Yildirim & Gemici; Phytotaxa 91(2): 51 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gemicia vardariana (Yildirim & Gemici) Yildirim; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 8(1): 41, figs. 1-5 (2021)
species :
Scilla verna Huds.; Fl. Angl. ed. 2, 1: 142 (1778)
subspecies :
subsp. verna
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Norway; Portugal; Spain; France
10 FOR GRB IRE NOR 12 FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema umbellata (Ramond) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Oncostema verna (Huds.) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 26: 272 (1987)
= Petranthe verna (Huds.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 27 (1866), nom. inval.
= Scilla alliifolia Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 1: 188 (1813)
= Scilla mixta Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 56 (1840)
= Scilla odorata f. albida Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia: 270 (1897)
= Scilla odorata f. versicolor Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 28 (1909)
= Scilla pratensis Berger ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 568 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Scilla umbellata Ramond; Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 130 (1800)
= Scilla verna f. graveolens (Merino) Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 28 (1909)
= Scilla verna f. versicolor Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 28 (1909)
= Scilla verna var. graveolens Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia, Suppl. 1: 18 (1898)
= Scilla vernalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 242 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Stellaris verna (Huds.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 79 (1902)
= Tractema umbellata (Ramond) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
= Tractema verna (Huds.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
subspecies :
subsp. ramburii (Boiss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 220 (1890)
Distribution: Portugal; S-Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema beirana (Samp.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 264 (1987)
= Oncostema odorata (Link) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Oncostema ramburii (Boiss.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 26(2): 274 (1987)
= Scilla beirana Samp.; Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 7: 125 (1931)
= Scilla odorata Link; Schrad. J. 2: 319 (1799)
= Scilla paui Lacaita; Cavanillesia 1: 13 (1928)
= Scilla ramburei subsp. beirana (Samp.) Franco & Rocha Afonso; Nova Fl. Portugal 3(1): 68 (1994)
= Scilla ramburii Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 86 (1838)
= Scilla ramburii subsp. beirana (Samp.) Franco & Rocha Afonso; Nova Fl. Portugal 3: 68 (1994)
= Scilla ramburii var. albiflora A.Fern. & J.G.García; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 21: 7 (1947)
= Scilla ramburii var. intermedia A.Fern. & J.G.García; Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 21: 7 (1947)
= Scilla verna subsp. ramburii (Boiss.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord (1935), isonym
= Scilla verna var. iberica Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 26: 232 (1935)
= Scilla verna var. major Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 613 (1845)
= Scilla verna var. maroccana Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 26: 232 (1935)
= Scilla verna var. odorata (Link) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Portug. 30 (1913)
= Scilla verna var. ramburii (Boiss.) Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 29 (1909)
= Tractema odorata (Link) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
= Tractema ramburii (Boiss.) Speta; Phyton (Austria) 38(1): 124 (1998)
species :
Scilla villosa Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 299. t. 85, f. 2 (1798)
Distribution: Tunisia; Libya
20 LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncostema barba-caprae (Asch. & Barbey ex E.A.Durand & Barratte) Speta; Phyton (Horn) 26: 264 (1987)
= Oncostema villosa (Desf.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 13 (1836)
= Ornithogalum barba-caprae Asch. & Barbey ex E.A.Durand & Barratte; Fl. Libya. Prodr. 229 (1910)
= Ornithogalum barba-caprae subsp. baseggii Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 11: 189 (1913)
= Scilla barba-caprae (Asch. & Barbey ex E.A.Durand & Barratte) Brullo & Furnari; Webbia 34: 173 (1979)
= Scilla hirsuta Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 319 (1843)
= Scilla villosa var. barba-caprae (Asch. & Barbey ex E.A.Durand & Barratte) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 305 (1939)
species :
Scilla vindobonensis Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 1973: 17 (1974)
Name: Wiener Blaustern (DE)
Distribution: E-Germany (Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; etc.
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO
Remarks: bifolia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Scilla bifolia var. alba Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 170 (1890)
= Scilla bifolia var. rubra Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 170 (1890)
= Scilla montenegrina Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 22: 66 (1976)
= Scilla vindobonensis lusus alba (Beck) Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 67 (1987-1988 publ. 1988)
= Scilla vindobonensis lusus albicans Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 68 (1987-1988 publ. 1988)
= Scilla vindobonensis lusus rosacea Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 68 (1987-1988 publ. 1988), nom. illeg.
= Scilla vindobonensis lusus rubra (Beck) Kereszty; Bot. Közlem. 74-75: 68 (1987-1988 publ. 1988)
= Scilla vindobonensis subsp. borhidiana Kereszty; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 27: 111 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Scilla vindobonensis var. montenegrina (Speta) Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Linz 25: 52 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Scilla vindobonensis var. transdanubialis Kereszty; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 27: 111 (1986 publ. 1987)
species :
Scilla voethorum Speta; Naturk. Jahrb. Stadt Linz 25: 54 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not always recognized
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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