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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

168.0000 Family Cyperaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 26 (1789), nom. cons.
91 genera, ca. 5700 spp. Phylogeny: Larridon et al. 2021
Species listed in database: 5688; hybrids: 296
= Kobresiaceae Gilly; Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 26: 210 (1952)
= Mapaniaceae Shipunov; Zhurn. Obshchei Biol. 64: 505 (2003)
= Papyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 761, 1129 (1835)
= Scirpaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 2: 340 (1797)
= Scleriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 263 (1820)
168.4212 Genus Scirpoides Seguier; Pl. Veron. 3: 73 (1754)
Distribution: South Africa (3), Macaronesia (1), temperate Eurasia (1), Mexico (1)
Species listed in database: 6
= Holoschoenus Link; Hort. Berol. Desc. 1: 293 (1827)
= Karinia Reznicek & McVaugh; Sida 16: (1994)
species :
Scirpoides burkei (C.B.Clarke) Goetgh., Muasya & D.A.Simpson; Novon 10(2): 132 (2000)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus burkei C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 618
= Scirpus schinzianus Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 618
species :
Scirpoides globifera (L.f.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Distribution: N-Morocco; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.)
20 MOR 21 CNY
Remarks: recognized at species level by Garcia-Madrid et al. 2015
Synonyms: hidden
= Holoschoenus globifer (L.f.) A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 164 (1833), isonym
= Holoschoenus globifer (L.f.) Rchb.; Flora 13(2): 518 (1830)
= Isolepis globifera Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 97 (1855)
= Scirpoides holoschoenus subsp. globifera (L.f.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 61 (1972)
= Scirpus globifer L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 104 (1782)
= Scirpus holoschoenus subsp. globifer (L.f.) Husn.; Cypéracées: 67 (1906)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. globifer (L.f.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 96 (1852)
species :
Scirpoides holoschoenus (L.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Name: Gewöhnliche Kugelsimse (DE); Roundheaded Club-rush (EN); Junco manso (ES)
Distribution: S-England; +Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg [I], Hessen [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Sachsen-Anhalt); +Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); N-Chad (Tibesti); Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Hazara); USA [I] (Kentucky [I], New York [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 24 CHA 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 PAK 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus holoschoenus (L.) Missbach & E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 2: 20 (1900)
= Holoschoenus albovittatus Rchb. ex Nyman; Consp. 765 (1882)
= Holoschoenus australis (L.) Rchb.; Flora 13: 499 (1830)
= Holoschoenus diphyllus Montandon; Syn. Fl. Jura Sept. Sundgau, 346 (1856)
= Holoschoenus exserens Rchb.; Flora 13: 501 (1830)
= Holoschoenus filiformis Rchb.; Flora 13: 501 (1830)
= Holoschoenus globulifer (Boiss.) Grossh.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 44(2): 204 (1927)
= Holoschoenus laxus Opiz; Seznam, 23 (1852)
= Holoschoenus linnaei Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 76 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Holoschoenus linnaei var. romanus (L.) Rchb.; VIII (1833), nom. illeg.
= Holoschoenus panormitanus (Parl.) Nyman; Consp. 765 (1882)
= Holoschoenus romanus (L.) Fritsch; Excursionsfl. Oesterr. 80 (1897), in adnot.
= Holoschoenus romanus f. filiformis (Rchb.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Holoschoenus romanus f. monocephalus (Waisb.) Soó; Acta Bot Acad. Sci Hung., 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Holoschoenus romanus subsp. australis (L.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 166 (1967)
= Holoschoenus romanus subsp. holoschoenus (L.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 166 (1967)
= Holoschoenus romanus var. australis (L.) Bech.; Candollea 4: 142 (1929)
= Holoschoenus romanus var. australis (L.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 368 (1970 publ. 1971), isonym
= Holoschoenus tuberculatus Rchb.; Flora 13: 498 (1830)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris Link; Hort. Berol. Desc. 1: 293 (1827)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris subsp. panormitanus (Parl.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 765 (1882)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris subsp. romanus (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 156 (1932)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris subvar. albovittatus Rchb. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 765 (1882), nom. nud.
= Holoschoenus vulgaris var. australis (L.) Domin; 223 (1930)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris var. australis (L.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3(1): 310 (1904), isonym
= Holoschoenus vulgaris var. australis (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 765 (1882)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris var. filiformis (Rchb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 765 (1882)
= Holoschoenus vulgaris var. romanus (L.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 1: 111 (1842)
= Isolepis australis (L.) Bluff, Nees & Schauer; Comp. Fl. German. 1(1): 82 (1836), isonym
= Isolepis australis (L.) G.Don; Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 21 (1830)
= Isolepis australis (L.) Roem. & Schult. ex G.Don; J. C. Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 21 (1830)
= Isolepis exserens (Rchb.) Bluff, Nees & Schauer; Compl. Fl. Germ. 1: I. 81 (1836)
= Isolepis filiformis (Rchb.) Bluff, Nees & Schauer; Comp. Fl. German. 1(1): 81 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Isolepis fontana Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 97 (1855)
= Isolepis holoschoenus (L.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 115 (1817)
= Isolepis holoschoenus var. australis (L.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 115 (1817)
= Isolepis holoschoenus var. panormitana (Parl.) Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1857: 44 (1858)
= Isolepis holoschoenus var. romana (L.) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 115 (1817)
= Isolepis linnaei (Rchb.) Bluff, Nees & Schauer; Comp. Fl. German. 1(1): 82 (1836)
= Isolepis paniculata Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 78 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. superfl.
= Isolepis paniculata var. australis (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 79 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Isolepis paniculata var. romana (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 79 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Isolepis panormitana Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2(1): 146 (1846)
= Isolepis poiretii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 116 (1817)
= Isolepis romana (L.) Roem. & Schult. ex G.Don; Loudon Hort. Brit. 21 (1830)
= Isolepis sphaerophora Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 721
= Scirpoides holoschoenus subsp. australis (L.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 141: 61 (1972)
= Scirpoides holoschoenus subsp. panormitana (Parl.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 152: 21 (1983)
= Scirpoides romana (L.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
= Scirpus albovittatus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 694, in syn. (1866)
= Scirpus australis L.; Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 85 (1774)
= Scirpus ellychniarius Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili: 153 (1782)
= Scirpus holoschoenus proles australis (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 373 (1912)
= Scirpus holoschoenus proles linnaei (Rchb.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 322 (1903)
= Scirpus holoschoenus proles romanus (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 373 (1912)
= Scirpus holoschoenus f. brachybracteatus Marcet; 237 (1947)
= Scirpus holoschoenus f. monosphaericus Podp.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 12: 16 (1922)
= Scirpus holoschoenus L.; Sp. Pl. 49 (1753)
= Scirpus holoschoenus subsp. australis (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 732 (1882)
= Scirpus holoschoenus subsp. euholoschoenus Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 231 (1910), nom. inval.
= Scirpus holoschoenus subsp. romanus (L.) Mateo & Figuerola; Fl. Analit. Prov. Valencia (IAM Investig. 14): 369 (1987)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. australis (L.) Sm.; Fl. Brit. 1: 53 (1800)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. australis (L.) Vahl; 264 (1805), isonym
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. australis (L.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2, 2: 857 (1844), isonym
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. globulifer Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 381 (1882)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. longemamillaris Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: no. 5437 (1926)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. macrostachyus Husn.; Cyperacees: 67 (1906)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. romanus (L.) Sm.; Fl. Brit.: 53 (1800)
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. romanus (L.) Vahl; 264 (1805), isonym
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. romanus (L.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2, 2: 857 (1844), isonym
= Scirpus intermedius Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 6: 767 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus longibracteatus Salzm. ex Rchb.; Flora 13: 497 (1830)
= Scirpus panormitanus (Parl.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 99 (1852)
= Scirpus parlatoris Biv. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 96 (1852)
= Scirpus polymorphus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 60 (1867)
= Scirpus romanus f. monocephalus Waisb.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 65 (1905)
= Scirpus romanus L.; Sp. Pl. 49 (1753)
species :
Scirpoides mexicana (C.B.Clarke ex Britton) Goetgh. ex C.S.Reid & J.R.Carter; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 150(3): 351 (2017)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus orbicephalus (Beetle) T.Koyama & McVaugh; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 90: 231 (1963)
= Eucyperus schaffneri Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 568 (1895)
= Holoschoenus mexicanus (C.B.Clarke ex Britton) Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 63: 401 (1913)
= Karinia mexicana (Britton) Reznicek & McVaugh; McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galiciana 13: 387 (1993), generic name not validly publ.
= Karinia mexicana (C.B.Clarke ex Britton) Reznicek & McVaugh; Sida 16: 207 (1994)
= Scirpus cyperoides Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 461 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus mexicanus C.B.Clarke; Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11: 77 (1892)
= Scirpus orbicephalus Beetle; Madrono 7: 160 (1944)
species :
Scirpoides thunbergii (Schrad.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 127 (1972)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Holoschoenus thunbergii (Schrad.) A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 164 (1833)
= Isolepis thunbergiana Nees; Linnaea 7: 508 (1832)
= Isolepis thunbergii Schrad.; Goett. Gel. Anz. (1821) III. 2068
= Scirpoides holoschoenus subsp. thunbergii (Schrad.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 141 (1-2): 61 (1972)t
= Scirpus holoschoenus Thunb.; Fl. Cap.: 368 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Scirpus holoschoenus var. thunbergii (Schrad.) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 623 (1894)
= Scirpus thunbergianus (Nees) Levyns; J. South Afr. Bot. 10: 28 (1944)
= Scirpus thunbergii (Schrad.) A.Spreng.; Tent. Suppl.: 4 (1828)
species :
Scirpoides varia Browning; S. African J. Bot. 77(2): 507 (2011)
Distribution: Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 BOT LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Scirpus varius Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 634
= Scirpus varius Boeckeler ex T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afr. 634 (1895), nomen
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life