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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.8614 Genus Scorpiurus L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 744 (1753)
Distribution: Macaronesia, Mediterranean, Southeast Europe, Northern Caucasus, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran
Species listed in database: 2
= Scorpioides Tourn. ex Adans.; Fam. 2: 328 (1763)
species :
Scorpiurus muricatus L.; Sp. Pl.: 745 (1753)
Name: Skorpionsschwanz (DE); Caterpillar Plant; Prickly Scorpion´s Tail (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl., Lanzarote); Ethiopia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait; Qatar; Australia (Queensland); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Delaware [I], Massachusetts [I], Pennsylvania [I])
11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 ETH 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW QAT SAU 50 AUS 51 nzl 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorpioides elegans Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 560 (1900)
= Scorpioides muricata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 370 (1787)
= Scorpioides sulcata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 370 (1787)
= Scorpiurus acutifolius Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 43 (1824)
= Scorpiurus echinatus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 726 (1785)
= Scorpiurus echinatus var. laevigatus Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 305 (1947)
= Scorpiurus echinatus var. muricatus (L.) Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 305 (1947)
= Scorpiurus echinatus var. subvillosus Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 79 (1804)
= Scorpiurus laevigatus Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. [Sibth. & Sm.] 2: 81 (1813)
= Scorpiurus laevigatus var. glaberrimus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 39: 134 (1949)
= Scorpiurus laevigatus var. papillosus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 39: 134 (1949)
= Scorpiurus margaritae P.Palau; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 14: 255 (1956)
= Scorpiurus minimus Losinsk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 13: 552 (1948)
= Scorpiurus muricatus subsp. laevigatus (Sm.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 338 (1912)
= Scorpiurus muricatus subsp. subvillosus (L.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 339 (1912)
= Scorpiurus muricatus subsp. sulcatus (L.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 339 (1912)
= Scorpiurus muricatus var. acutifolius (Viv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 204 (1891)
= Scorpiurus muricatus var. laevigatus (Sm.) Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 182 (1840)
= Scorpiurus muricatus var. margaritae (P.Palau) E.Domínguez & E.F.Galiano; Lagascalia 4: 270 (1974)
= Scorpiurus muricatus var. subvillosus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. [Lam.] 2: 582 (1779)
= Scorpiurus muricatus var. sulcatus (L.) Fiori; Fl. Anal. Ital. [Fiori & Paol.] 2: 89 (1902)
= Scorpiurus oliveri P.Palau; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 11: 486 (1953)
= Scorpiurus subvillosus L.; Sp. Pl.: 745 (1753)
= Scorpiurus subvillosus subsp. sulcatus (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 923 (1926)
= Scorpiurus subvillosus var. acutifolius (Viv.) Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 2: 211 (1893)
= Scorpiurus subvillosus var. breviaculeatus Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 285 (1889)
= Scorpiurus subvillosus var. laevigatus (Sm.) E.Domínguez & Galiano; Lagascalia 4(2): 275 (1974)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus f. puberulus H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 89 (1932)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus L.; Sp. Pl.: 745 (1753)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus subsp. laevigatus (Sm.) Batt.; Fl. Algérie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 285 (1889)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus subsp. muricatus (L.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 285 (1889)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus subsp. subvillosus (L.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 426 (1878)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus var. muricatus (L.) Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 192 (1892)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus var. oliveri (P.Palau) E.Domínguez & E.F.Galiano; Lagascalia 4: 274 (1974)
= Scorpiurus sulcatus var. subvillosus Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 192 (1892)
species :
Scorpiurus vermiculatus L.; Sp. Pl.: 744 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.)
12 COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorpioides vermiculata (L.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 370 (1787)
= Scorpiurus purpurea Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 174 (1799)
= Scorpiurus vermiculatus f. crispa P.Silva; Index Seminum (Estaç. Agron. Nat. Sacavem,Lisboa): 5 (1939)
= Scorpiurus vermiculatus var. lusitanicus P.Silva; Index Seminum (Coll. Agron. Nat. Lusit.) 1940: 5 (1940)
= Scorpiurus vermiculatus var. purpureus (Desf.) Domínguez & Galiano; Lagascalia 4(2): 266 (1974)
= Scorpiurus vermiculatus var. spinosus Domínguez & Galiano; Lagascalia 4(2): 267 (1974)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life