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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

132.0000 Family Orchidaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 64 (1789), nom. cons.
over 800 genera, more than 30.000 spp. worldwide, mostly tropical
Species listed in database: 30517; hybrids: 1414
= Apostasiaceae Lindl.; Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833), nom. cons.
= Cypripediaceae Lindl.; Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833)
= Limodoraceae Horan.; Char. Ess. Fam.: 44 (1847)
= Liparidaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 567 (1895)
= Neottiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 50 (1834)
= Neuwiediaceae R.Dahlgren ex Reveal & Hoogland; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 13: 91 (1991)
= Ophrydaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 566 (1895)
= Pycnanthaceae Ravenna; Onira 12(6): 29 (2011)
= Vanillaceae Lindl.; Key Bot.: 73 (1835)
132.4310 Genus Serapias L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 949 (1753)
Distribution: Azores, Europe, Mediterranean, 1 to Caucasus. The species concept in Serapias is highly controversial.
Species listed in database: 20; hybrids: 26
= Isias De Not.; Mem. Acc. Sci. Torin. Ser. II 6: 413 (1844)
= Lonchitis Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 50 (1901)
= Serapiastrum A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
species :
Serapias athwaghlisia Kreutz & Rebbas; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 31(2): 192 (2015)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Serapias ausoniae Gennaio & Pellegrino; Phytotaxa 516(2): 166 (2021)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Serapias bergonii E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 61 (1908)
Name: Griechischer Zungenständel (DE); Greek Plowshare (EN)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); European Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Chalki, Nisyros, Tilos); Turkey; Cyprus
13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC TUE 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias columnae f. hellenica (Renz) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 191 (1967)
= Serapias cordigera Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 367 (1844)
= Serapias cordigera subsp. laxiflora (Soó) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Serapias hellenica Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 230 (1928)
= Serapias laxiflora Chaub.; Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 62 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Serapias laxiflora f. hellenica (Renz) Renz; Rech.f., Fl. Aegaea: 823 (1943)
= Serapias laxiflora subsp. hellenica (Renz) Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 210 (1929)
= Serapias lingua Bertol.; Amoen. Ital. 292 (1819) non L.
= Serapias columnae (Aunier ex Rchb.f.) Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 32 (1909)
= Serapias occultata var. columnae (Asch. & Graebn.) E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 57 (1908)
= Serapias parviflora subsp. columnae (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 91 (1931)
= Serapias parviflora subsp. hellenica (Renz) Soó
= Serapias parviflora subsp. laxiflora Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 33 (1927)
= Serapias parviflora var. columnae Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 779 (1907)
= Serapias pseudocordigera var. laxiflora Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 689 (1882)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. columnae (Rchb.f.) H.Sund.; Landwehr, Wilde Orch. Eur. 2: 360 (1977)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. laxiflora (Soó) Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Orchidee (Hamburg) 28(3): 114 (1977)
form :
f. cilentana (Presser) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88: 248 (2007)
Distribution: Italy (Cilento)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias bergonii subsp. cilentana Presser; J. Eur. Orch. 39: 95 (2007)
= Serapias cilentana (Presser) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015), isonym
= Serapias cilentana (Presser) Presser; J. Eur. Orch. 44(3): 620 (2012)
species :
Serapias cordigera L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II, 1345 (1763)
subspecies :
subsp. cordigera
Name: Herzförmiger Zungenstendel
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; +Malta; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel, Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); East Aegaean Isl.; SW-Turkey
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Helleborine cordigera (L.) Pers.; Syn. 2: 512 (1807)
= Lonchitis cordigera (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 50 (1901)
= Serapias cordigera f. ochrantha Landwehr; Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 557 (1977)
= Serapias cordigera subvar. curvifolia (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus; Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 85 (1928)
= Serapias cordigera subvar. leucantha (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus; Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 85 (1928)
= Serapias cordigera var. curvifolia J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 49 (1887)
= Serapias cordigera var. leucantha J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 49 (1887)
= Serapias lingua var. cordigera (L.) Savi; Fl. Pis. 2: 304 (1798)
= Serapias ovalis Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 54: 1818) 32 (1817)
= Serapias vomeracea f. artemisiae (W.Hahn, Kreutz & Passin) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88: 251 (2008)
= Serapiastrum cordigerum (L.) A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. azorica (Schltr.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 33 (1927)
Distribution: Azores (widespread)
21 AZO
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias azorica Schltr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 44 (1923) (Acores (San Miguel))
= Serapias atlantica D.Rückbr. & U.Rückbr.; J. Eur. Orchid. 26(1): 73 (1994)
subspecies :
subsp. cossyrensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 136 (2004)
Distribution: Pantelleria
13 PTL
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cossyrensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orchid. 31 (2), 502 (1999)
subspecies :
subsp. cretica B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orchid. 31(2): 510, 509 (1999)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera var. cretica (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. gentilii C.Venhuis, P.Venhuis & Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 128 (2007)
Distribution: S-Portugal (Algarve)
12 POR
subspecies :
subsp. lorenziana (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 136 (2004)
Name: Marokkanischer Zungenstendel
Distribution: Morocco (Casablanca, to, Oulmes, very rare)
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera var. mauritanica (E.G.Camus) E.Nelson ex P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 92(Orchid. 24): 203 (2011)
= Serapias cordigera var. mauritanica (E.G.Camus) Nelson; Icon. Orchid. Eur. 24 (1968)
= Serapias lorenziana H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 775, 770 (1989)
= Serapias pseudocordigera var. mauritanica E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 51 (1908)
= Serapias vomeracea var. mauritanica E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 51 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. lucana R.Lorenz & V.A.Romano; J. Eur. Orch. 46(3/4): 633 (2014)
Distribution: Italy (Basilicata)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias lucana (R.Lorenz & V.A.Romano) Biagioli, Kreutz & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
species :
Serapias francavillae Cristaudo, Galesi & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 41(3/4): 593 (2009)
Distribution: Sicily (Francavilla di Sicilia)
13 SIC
Remarks: of hybridogenic origin, very small population, status doubtful
species :
Serapias guadinae Lumare, Medagli & Biagioli; GIROS Notiz. 60(1): 208 (2017)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Serapias lingua L.; Sp. Pl. 950 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. lingua
Name: Echter Zungenstendel
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: lingua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Helleborine leucoglottis (Pers.) Steud.; Nom. ed. I, 398 (1821)
= Helleborine lingua (L.) Pers.; Syn. 2: 512 (1807)
= Orchis lingua (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. II, 2: 187 (1772)
= Serapias brevibracteata St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 134 (1880)
= Serapias columnae (Rchb.f.) H.Fleischm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 75: 190 (1925)
= Serapias excavata Schltr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 38 (1923)
= Serapias glabra Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 552 (1813)
= Serapias hirsuta var. reichenbachiana Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 188 (1912)
= Serapias laxiflora var. columnae Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 13 (1850)
= Serapias lingua lusus abnormis (Cortesi) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 207 (2009)
= Serapias lingua lusus kuemmerlei Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 911 (1926)
= Serapias lingua f. abnormis Cortesi; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 1: 216 (1904)
= Serapias lingua f. humilis A.Terracc.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 27 (1910)
= Serapias lingua f. leucantha (J.A.Guim.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 208 (2009)
= Serapias lingua f. minima F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 208 (2009)
= Serapias lingua f. nana E.G.Camus; Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 3 (1921)
= Serapias lingua f. pallidiflora E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 54 (1908)
= Serapias lingua f. tenuis F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 208 (2009)
= Serapias lingua f. tepalopatens Spagnoli; GIROS Notiz. 6: 11 (1997)
= Serapias lingua subsp. excavata (Schltr.) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 85 (1928)
= Serapias lingua subsp. veneris Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133(3): 279 (1986)
= Serapias lingua var. duriaei Rchb. ex Batt.; Fl. Alger 190 (1884)
= Serapias lingua var. excavata (Schltr.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France 209 (1935)
= Serapias lingua var. flavescens Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133(3): 280 (1986)
= Serapias lingua var. hirsuta Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 598 (1842)
= Serapias lingua var. hirtula Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 598 (1842)
= Serapias lingua var. leucantha J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 53 (1887)
= Serapias lingua var. longebracteata J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 53 (1887)
= Serapias lingua var. longibracteata Hoschédé; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 13: 20 (1903)
= Serapias lingua var. rubescens Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133(3): 280 (1986)
= Serapias oxyglottis var. pallescens Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 3: 255 (1836)
= Serapias pallidiflora Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 32 (1909)
= Serapias pseudocordigera var. pallescens (Mutel) E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 51 (1908)
= Serapiastrum lingua (L.) A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. oranensis Kreutz, Ait-Hamm., Babali, Miara & Rebbas; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 30(2): 260 (2013)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
subspecies :
subsp. stenopetala (Maire & T.Stephenson) Maire & A.Weiller; Fl. Afrique N.. 6: 318 (1959)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; ?Morocco; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias lingua var. stenopetala (Maire & T.Stephenson) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 451 (1938)
= Serapias ×stenopetala Maire & T.Stephenson; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 21: 48 (1930)
species :
Serapias neglecta De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust. 423 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. neglecta
Name: Verkannter Zungenstendel
Distribution: S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; NW-Italy (incl. Elba Isl.)
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ITA
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Isias triloba De Not.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 6: 413 (1844)
= Serapias cordigera Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 9: 603 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Serapias cordigera f. neglecta (De Not.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 239 (1896)
= Serapias cordigera subsp. neglecta (De Not.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 274 (1890)
= Serapias cordigera var. neglecta (De Not.) Fiori & Paol.; Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 239 (1898)
= Serapias neglecta subsp. apulica Landwehr; Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 364 (1977)
= Serapiastrum neglectum (De Not.) A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. ionica E.Nelson; Monogr. Serapias 20 (1968)
Name: Ionischer Zungenstendel
Distribution: Croatia; ?Montenegro; Greece
13 CRO GRC
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in S. orientalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ionica (E.Nelson) H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20(3): 625 (1988)
= Serapias neglecta subsp. ionica (E.Nelson ex Baumann & Künkele) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 731 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. istriaca (Perko) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 731 (2005)
Distribution: S-Croatia (Istria)
13 CRO
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in S. orientalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias istriaca Perko; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 15(2): 24 (1998)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. istriaca (Perko) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 139 (2004)
species :
Serapias nurrica Corrias; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 21: 397 (1982)
Name: Nurra-Zungenstendel (DE)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca); Sardinia; S-Italy; Sicily; SE-Corsica; Tunisia (La Galite Isl.)
12 BAL COR SAR 13 ITA SIC 20 TUN
Remarks: parviflora agg.
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias nurrica f. chlorantha Scrugli & M.P.Grasso; Inform. Bot. Ital., 17 (1­3): 110 (1985 publ. 1986)
= Serapias nurrica subsp. santuingensis (Senis, M.P.Grasso & Orrù) Senis, M.P.Grasso & Orrù; GIROS Notiz. 48: 30 (2011)
= Serapias nurrica var. alba Senis, Orrù & M.P.Grasso; GIROS Notiz. 39: 12 (2008)
= Serapias nurrica var. santuingensis Senis, M.P.Grasso & Orrù; GIROS Notiz. 37: 15 (2008)
= Serapias santuingensis (Senis, M.P.Grasso & Orrù) Biagioli, Kreutz, Licheri, Orrù & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
species :
Serapias occidentalis C.Venhuis & P.Venhuis; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 63(2): 138 (2006)
Distribution: W-Spain (Extremadura)
12 SPA
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias maria F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 40: 701 (2008)
species :
Serapias olbia Verg.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 599 (1908)
Name: Cote-d´Azur-Zungenstendel
Distribution: SE-France (Cote d´Azur)
12 FRA
Remarks: lingua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera subsp. olbia (Verg.) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Serapias nurrica subsp. argensii Martine & Gerbaud; L´Orchidophile (130): 10-22 (1998)
= Serapias olbia var. gregaria (Godfery) E.Nelson; Monogr. Serapias 30 (1962)
= Serapias strictiflora subsp. gregaria (Godfery) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 139 (2004)
= Serapias vomeracea var. olbia (Verg.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France 209 (1935)
= Serapias vomeracea var. olbia (Verg.) Schltr.; Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 1: 136 (1926)
= Serapias ×gregaria Godfery; J. Bot. 59: 241 (1921)
species :
Serapias orientalis (Greuter) H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 20(3): 636 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis
Name: Orientalischer Zungenstendel
Distribution: Italy; Greece (Kithira, S-Peloponnes); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (including Karpathos, Nisyros, Pserimos, Tilos, Patmos, Leipsoi)
13 GRC ITA KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera subsp. orientalis (Greuter) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980), no exact basionym page.
= Serapias cordigera subsp. patmia (M.Hirth & H.Spaeth) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 136 (2004)
= Serapias orientalis var. cordigeroides Nelson; Monogr. Serapias 18 (1968)
= Serapias patmia M.Hirth & H.Spaeth; J. Eur. Orchid. 26 (3­4): 442, 440 (1994)
= Serapias pseudocordigera var. brachyantha Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: t. CCCCXLII, f. 1 (1851)
= Serapias vomeracea f. platyglottis Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 66: 162 (1916)
= Serapias vomeracea f. platypetala Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 66: 160 (1916)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. orientalis Greuter; Florist. Rep. Cretan Area 19 (1972)
= Serapias vomeracea var. cordigeroides (Nelson) N.R. & A.K.Campb.; Willdenowia 16(1): 54 (1986)
variant :
var. spaethiae P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 185 (2009)
Distribution: Greece (Kos)
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. apulica H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 779 (1989)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias apulica (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 71(3): 110 (1990)
= Serapias apulica subsp. brundisina Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Notiz. 60(1): 47 (2017)
= Serapias apulica subsp. messapica Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Notiz. 60(1): 48 (2017)
= Serapias apulica subsp. neretina Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Notiz. 60(1): 46 (2017)
= Serapias apulica subsp. uxentina Gennaio; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 350 (2017)
= Serapias brundisina (Lumare & Medagli) Biagioli, Kreutz, Lumare, Medagli & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
= Serapias messapica (Lumare & Medagli) Biagioli, Kreutz, Lumare, Medagli & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
= Serapias neretina (Lumare & Medagli) Biagioli, Kreutz, Lumare, Medagli & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
= Serapias uxentina (Gennaio) Biagioli, Kreutz, Gennaio & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 152 (2022)
variant :
var. siciliensis (Bartolo & Pulv.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 81(4): 398 (2000)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias orientalis subsp. siciliensis Bartolo & Pulv.; Candollea 48(1): 232 (1993)
= Serapias siciliensis (Bartolo & Pulv.) Biagioli, Kreutz & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 152 (2022)
subspecies :
subsp. carica H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 782 (1989)
Name: Karischer Zungenständel (DE); Carian Plowshare (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Samos, Lesvos, Tilos); SW-Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias carica (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.Delforge; Guide Orchidées Eur., Afr. Nord & Proche-Or. 209 (1994)
= Serapias orientalis var. carica (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 34 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. cycladum (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 138 (2004)
Name: Kykladen-Zungenstendel
Distribution: Greece (Kikládhes, Andros)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias carica var. monantha P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 80(3): 419 (1999)
= Serapias cycladum H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 755 (1989)
= Serapias orientalis var. monantha (P.Delforge) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 34 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. dafnii (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz; Eurorchis 17: 110-111 (2005)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias dafnii (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz; Orchids Israel: 91 (2021)
= Serapias levantina subsp. dafnii B.Baumann & H.Baumann; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 268, 269 (2005)
= Serapias levantina var. dafnii (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. feldwegiana (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 138 (2004)
Name: Türkischer Zungenstendel
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia); N-Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera subsp. orientalis A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 87: 66 (1931) [non S. orientalis (Greuter) Baum. & Künkele 1988)]
= Serapias feldwegiana H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 763, 760 (1989)
= Serapias levantina subsp. feldwegiana (H.Baumann & Künkele) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 730 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. levantina (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 138 (2004)
Name: Levante-Zungenstendel
Distribution: Turkey; Cyprus; Syria; Israel
34 CYP ISR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias levantina H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 766 (1989)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. levantina (H.Baumann & Künkele) Véla & Viglione; Acta Bot. Gallica Bot. Lett. 162(4): 281 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. moreana H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 731 (2005)
Distribution: Greece (Kythira, Zakynthos, Kephallonia, S-Peloponnisos, Kyklades: Kea)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias vomeracea f. sennii (Renz) Renz; Rech.f., Fl. Aegaea: 826 (1943)
= Serapias sennii Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 238 (1928)
= Serapias orientalis var. sennii (Renz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88: 35 (2008)
species :
Serapias parviflora Parl.; Giorn. Sci. Lett. Sicil. 59: 66 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. parviflora
Name: Kleinblütiger Zungenständel (DE); Small-flowered Tongue-orchid (EN); Orquidea gallo menuda (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl., Cominotto Isl.); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife, Gran Canaria); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Tilos); Cyprus
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 CYP EAI
Remarks: parviflora agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias elongata Tod.; Hort. Bot. Panorm. 1: 25 (1876)
= Serapias laxiflora Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 13 (1850)
= Serapias laxiflora var. parviflora (Parl.) Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 13 (1850)
= Serapias lingua subsp. occultata (J.Gay ex Cavalier) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 309 (1894)
= Serapias lingua var. parviflora (Parl.) Kraenzl.; Orchid. Gen. Sp. 1: 156 (1897)
= Serapias longipetala var. parviflora (Parl.) Lindl.; Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 378 (1839)
= Serapias occultata f. albiflora E.G.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 65 (1928)
= Serapias occultata f. knochei E.G.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 65 (1928)
= Serapias occultata J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 2, 6: 119 (1836) ex Cavalier, Deux Nouv. Esp. s. p. (1848)
= Serapias occultata var. parviflora (Parl.) Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 41 (1893)
= Serapias parviflora f. albiflora (E.G.Camus) Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 91 (1931)
= Serapias parviflora f. knochei (E.G.Camus) Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 91 (1931)
= Serapias parviflora f. lutescens Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 261 (1930)
= Serapias parviflora f. sulphurea Lanza ex G.Keller; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 91 (1931)
= Serapias parviflora subsp. occultata (J.Gay ex Caval.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 318 (1959)
= Serapias parviflora var. lutescens (Renz) Kalop.; Bot. Chronika 1(2): 55 (1981)
= Serapiastrum parviflorum (Parl.) A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. mascaensis (H.Kretzschmar, G.Kretzschmar & Kreutz) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 138 (2004)
Name: Masca-Zungenständel (DE); Orquidea gallo de Masca (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Hierro, Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias mascaensis H.Kretzschmar, G.Kretzschmar & Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 10(1): 34 (1993)
species :
Serapias perez-chiscanoi Acedo; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 47(2): 510 (1989 publ. 1990), nom. nov.
Name: Grüner Zungenstendel
Distribution: Portugal; SW-Spain (Extremadura)
12 POR SPA
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias cordigera subsp. leucoglottis Welw.; Herb. Acad. R. Sci. 10: 967 (1843)
= Serapias cordigera subvar. leucoglottis (Welw.) E.G.Camus; Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 85 (1928)
= Serapias cordigera var. leucoglottis (Welw.) Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 181 (1851)
= Serapias lingua var. leucoglottis Welw. ex J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 53 (1887)
= Serapias perez-chiscanoi f. leucoglottis (Welw.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 328 (2009)
= Serapias perez-chiscanoi var. sanvicentei Camello, A.Sánchez & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 12: 170 (2018)
= Serapias viridis Pérez-Chisc.; Homenaje Pedro Montserrat (Monogr. Inst. Pirenaico Ecol. (Jaca), 4): 305 (1988), nom. illeg.
species :
Serapias strictiflora Welw. ex Veiga; Orchid. Portug. 18, tab. 6, fig. 11 (1886)
Name: Steifblütiger Zungenstendel
Distribution: Portugal (S-Iberia); Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: lingua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias elsae P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 106 (2004)
= Serapias gracilis Kreutz; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(1): 116 (1989)
= Serapias lingua lusus distenta (Presser) Áng.Sánchez, Garcia Alonso & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 10: 122 (2016)
= Serapias lingua f. tunetana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Serapias lingua subsp. duriaei (Rchb. ex Batt.) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 85 (1928)
= Serapias lingua subsp. durieui (Rchb.f. ex Batt. & Trab.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 22: 316 (1931), isonym
= Serapias lingua subsp. durieui (Rchb.f. ex Batt. & Trab.) Rchb.f. ex Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 85 (1929)
= Serapias lingua subsp. elsae (P.Delforge) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 137 (2004)
= Serapias lingua subsp. tunetana B.Baumann & H.Baumann; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 927 (2005)
= Serapias mauretanica Schltr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 37 (1923)
= Serapias parviflora subsp. nova H.Sund.; Eur. Medit. Orch. ed. 3: 129 (1980)
= Serapias stricta Welw. ex Woods; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2: 116 (1858), nom. nud.
= Serapias strictiflora lusus sepalina Áng.Sánchez, Garcia Alonso & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 10: 122 (2016)
= Serapias strictiflora var. distenta Presser; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 20(2): 49 (2003 publ. 2004)
= Serapias strictiflora var. elsae (P.Delforge) C.Venhuis & P.Venhuis ex Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 182 (2007)
= Serapias strictiflora var. elsae (P.Delforge) C.Venhuis & P.Venhuis; Pl. Syst. Evol. 265(3-4): 172 (176) (2007)
= Serapias tunetana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) El Mokni, Domina, Boutabia & Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 53(1): 23 (2021)
species :
Serapias vomeracea (Burm.f.) Briq.; Prod. Fl. Corse 1: 378 (1910)
Name: Pflugschar-Zungenstendel
Distribution: Switzerland; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca); France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Malta (incl. Gozo Isl.); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (Kyklades); Morocco; Algeria; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Imereti); East Aegaean Isl. (including Tilos)
11 SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB 20 ALG MOR 33 GEO 34 EAI
Remarks: vomeracea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Helleborine pseudocordigera Sebast.; Rom. Pl. fasc. 1: 14, t. 4, f. 1 (1813)
= Orchis lingua All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 148 (1785), nom. illeg.
= Orchis vomeracea Burm.f.; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 4(App.): 237 (1770)
= Serapias cordigera subsp. vomeracea (Burm.f.) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 39 (1980)
= Serapias hirsuta Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 551 (1813)
= Serapiastrum vomeraceum (Burm.f.) Schinz & Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich 58: 49 (1913)
form :
f. ) Briq.f.artemisiae (W.Hahn, Kreutz & Passin) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 89(Orchid. 21): 251 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. artemisiae W.Hahn, Kreutz & Passin; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 134 (2007)
variant :
var. guadarramica (Kreutz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
Distribution: WC-Spain (Sa. da Guadarrama)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. guadarramica Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 27(2): 209 (2010 publ. 2011)
variant :
var. longipetala (Ten.) Kreutz; Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 104 (2006)
Distribution: Italy; Pantelleria
13 ITA PTL
Synonyms: hidden
= Helleborine longipetala Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LIII (1813)
= Lonchitis longipetala Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 52 (1901)
= Serapias cordigera var. longipetala Bertol.; Pl. Gen.: 126 (1804)
= Serapias lancifera St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 378 (1821)
= Serapias longipetala (Ten.) Pollini; Fl. Veron. 3: 30 (1824)
= Serapias longipetala subsp. pallidiflora (Tod. ex Lojac.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 654 (1882)
= Serapias longipetala var. pallidiflora Tod.; Hort. Bot. Panorm. 1: 40, tab. 10 (1876)
= Serapias orientalis var. cordigeroides E.Nelson; Monogr. & Ikonogr. Orchid.-Gattung. Serapias, Aceras, Loroglossum, Barlia: 14 (1968)
= Serapias pseudocordigera (Sebast.) Moric.; Fl. Venet. 374 (1820)
= Serapias pseudocordigera subsp. pallidiflora (Tod.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 165 (1894)
= Serapias vomeracea lusus heldreichii Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 33 (1927)
= Serapias vomeracea f. stenopetala Vierh.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 66: 158 (1916), nom. inval.
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. flava Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133(3): 280 (1986)
= Serapias vomeracea subsp. longipetala (Ten.) H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 796 (1989)
= Serapias vomeracea var. cordigeroides (E.Nelson) N.R.Campb. & A.K.Campb.; Willdenowia 16: 54 (1986)
= Serapiastrum longipetalum (Ten.) A.A.Eaton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 21: 67 (1908)
species :
Serapias ×alberti E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 28 (1892)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Serapias neglecta x vomeracea
species :
Serapias ×ambigua Rouy & E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Paris) 6: 26 (1892) emend. Rouy 1912 [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. ambigua
Distribution: France; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA 13 CRO
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x lingua
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×ambigua f. laramberguei E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orchid. France: 13 (1892)
= Serapias ×ambigua var. laramberguei (E.G.Camus) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 191 (1912)
= Serapias ×laramberguei E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 27 (1892)
= Serapias ×ambigua var. timbalii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 191 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. panormosana B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orchid. 31(2): 517 (1999) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Serapias cordigera ssp. cretica x lingua
subspecies :
subsp. sallentina Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 301 (2015) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×sallentina (Lumare & Medagli) Biagioli, Kreutz, Lumare, Medagli & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
species :
Serapias ×barsellae Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 41 (2015)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x S. parviflora
species :
Serapias ×broeckii A.Camus; Riv. Scient. 13: 71 (1926)
Distribution: S-France
12 FRA
Remarks: Serapias parviflora x vomeracea
species :
Serapias ×carluccioi Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(1): 122 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x S. lingua x S. politisii
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×carluccioi Biagioli & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 162 (2023), isonym
species :
Serapias ×cypria H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 812 (1989)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x levantina
species :
Serapias ×debelairii El Mokni; J. Eur. Orch. 50(1): 69 (2018)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Remarks: Serapias parviflora x S. strictiflora
species :
Serapias ×demadesii Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 239 (1928)
Distribution: NW-Greece (Ionian Isl.: Korfu)
13 GRC
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x lingua
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×hutteri Presser; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 36(1): 245 (2019)
= Serapias ×kelleriana Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 239 (1928)
species :
Serapias ×euxina H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 810 (1989)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x orientalis
species :
Serapias ×garganica H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 831 (1989)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias orientalis (subsp. apulica) x vomeracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×schipae Gennaio & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 62: 373 (2019)
species :
Serapias ×godferyi A.Camus A.Camus; Riv. Scient. 13: 68 (1926) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. godferyi
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x neglecta ssp. neglecta
subspecies :
subsp. gennaioi (Turco & Medagli) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. 122(1308): 77 (2014) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x S. neglecta ssp. apulica
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×gennaioi Turco & Medagli; GIROS Notiz. 49: 68 (-70) (2012)
species :
Serapias ×halacsyana Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 97 (1931)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x cordigera
species :
Serapias ×hildae-margaritae G.Keller; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 97 (1931)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias neglecta x parviflora
species :
Serapias ×intermedia Forest. ex F.W.Schultz; Arch. Fl. France Allemagne 1: 265 (1851)
Distribution: France; Sicily
12 FRA 13 SIC
Remarks: Serapias lingua x vomeracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×hyblaea (Cristaudo, Galesi & R.Lorenz) Biagioli, Kreutz & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
= Serapias ×digenea E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 30 (1892)
= Serapias ×forestieri Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 192 (1912)
= Serapias ×grenieri Gren. & Philippe; Pl. Eur. 1: 275 (1890)
= Serapias ×grenieri K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 275 (1890)
= Serapias ×intermedia Forest. ex Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. 13-14: 13 (1851)
= Serapias ×intermedia nothosubsp. hyblaea Cristaudo, Galesi & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 41: 595 (2009)
= Serapias ×philippii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 192 (1912)
= Serapias ×semicolumnae E.G.Camus & A.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 103 (1927)
species :
Serapias ×kelleri A.Camus; Riv. Scient. 13: 70 (1926)
Distribution: S-France; Greece
12 FRA 13 GRC
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x vomeracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×cythereis Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 259 (1930)
species :
Serapias ×liana F.M.Vázquez, Áng.Sánchez & Garcia Alonso; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 10: 123 (2016)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. maria
species :
Serapias ×lupiensis Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 25(3): 350 (1993)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias lingua x politisii
species :
Serapias ×oulmesiana H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 821 (1989)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Serapias lingua x lorenziana
species :
Serapias ×oxyglottis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 71 (1805)
Distribution: Italy; etc.
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias lingua x neglecta
Synonyms: hidden
= Helleborine ×oxyglottis (Willd.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 512 (1807)
= Lonchitis ×oxyglottis (Willd.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 52 (1901)
= Serapias lingua subsp. oxyglottis (Willd.) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 85 (1928)
= Serapias lingua var. oxyglottis (Willd.) E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 54 (1908)
= Serapias ×meridionalis E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 29 (1892)
species :
Serapias ×politisii Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 239 (1928)
Name: Korfu-Zungenstendel (DE)
Distribution: Italy; Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Ionian Isl.: Korfu, Kyklades); East Aegaean Isl.; SW-Turkey; Cyprus
13 ALB GRC ITA MNT 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: ?Serapias bergonii x S. parviflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias aphroditae P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 71(3): 113 (1990)
= Serapias bergonii subsp. aphroditae (P.Delforge) Kreutz; Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
= Serapias bergonii subsp. politisii (Renz) Kreutz; Orchidee (Hamburg) 57(1): 103 (2006)
= Serapias bergonii var. aphroditae (P.Delforge) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 730 (2005)
= Serapias bergonii var. politisii (Renz) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 730 (2005)
= Serapias ×mastiana P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 71: 136 (1990)
species :
Serapias ×provincialis H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 819 (1989)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x olbia
species :
Serapias ×pulae Perko; Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 15(2): 25 (1998)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. neglecta ssp. apulica
species :
Serapias ×rainei E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 62 (1908)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Serapias cordigera x parviflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×alfredii Briq.; Prod. Fl. Corse 1: 374 (1910)
species :
Serapias ×sitiae Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 112 (1932) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. sitiae
Distribution: Italy; Crete
13 ITA KRI
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. orientalis ssp. orientalis
subspecies :
subsp. aquatinae Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(1): 152 (2016)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. orientalis ssp. apulica
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×aquatinae (Lumare & Medagli) Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 60(2): 464 (2017), et 61(1): 7 (2018)
species :
Serapias ×sooi Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 251 (1930)
Distribution: Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x vomeracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×dickmannii Presser; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 36(1): 243 (2019)
= Serapias ×fallax nothosubsp. piccinnoi Gennaio, M.Gargiulo & Chetta; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61: 482, 486 (2018)
= Serapias ×fallax nothovar. piccinnoi (Gennaio, M.Gargiulo & Chetta) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 163 (2023)
= Serapias ×fallax Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 99 (1931)
species :
Serapias ×todaroi Tineo; Pl. Rar. Sicil. 1: 12 (1846)
Distribution: Sardinia; Sicily; ?Croatia
12 SAR 13 SIC
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. parviflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×cyrnosardoa (R.Lorenz, Giotta, A.Manca & Piccitto) Biagioli, Kreutz & De Simoni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 65(2): 151 (2022)
= Serapias ×semilingua E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 63 (1908)
= Serapias ×todaroi nothosubsp. cyrnosardoa R.Lorenz, Giotta, A.Manca & Piccitto; J. Eur. Orch. 47: 252 (2015)
species :
Serapias ×venhuisia F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 209 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Serapias lingua x S. perez-chiscanoi
species :
Serapias ×walravensiana P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 78(3): 186 (1997)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Serapias carica x lingua
species :
Serapias ×watersii Gennaio, M.Gargiulo & Chetta; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61: 504 (2018)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias politisii x S. vomeracea
species :
Serapias ×wettsteinii H.Fleischm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 74: 190 (1925) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. wettsteinii
Distribution: Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x S. orientalis ssp. orientalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias laxiflora f. wettsteinii (H.Fleischm.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 33 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. frigolae Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 59(1): 153 (2016) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x S. orientalis ssp. apulica
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×frigolae (Lumare & Medagli) Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61: 8 (2018)
= Serapias ×frigolae nothosubsp. nelsonii Lumare & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61: 8 (2018)
= Serapias ×nelsonii (Lumare & Medagli) Biagioli & Medagli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 163 (2023)
subspecies :
subsp. halicarnassia H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 21(3): 815 (1989) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Serapias bergonii x orientalis ssp. carica
Synonyms: hidden
= Serapias ×halicarnassia (H.Baumann & Künkele) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 76(3): 192 (1995)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life