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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

393.0000 Family Caryophyllaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 299 (1789), nom. cons.
102 genera, ca. 3250 spp. Higher systematics: Xue et al. (2023)
Species listed in database: 3323; hybrids: 58
= Alsinaceae Bartl.; Bartl. & H. L. Wendland, Beitr. Bot. 2: 159 (1825), nom. cons.
= Cerastiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 271, 292 (1818)
= Corrigiolaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 44, 49 (1829)
= Dianthaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 271, 293 (1818)
= Herniariaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 307 (1820)
= Illecebraceae R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland: 413 (1810), nom. cons.
= Lychnidaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 638 (1843)
= Minuartiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 49 (1835)
= Ortegaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 443 (1820)
= Paronychiaceae Juss.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 386 (1815)
= Polycarpaeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 49 (1835)
= Sabulinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 623 (1843)
= Saginaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 239 (1820)
= Scleranthaceae J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag.: 66 (1822)
= Silenaceae Bartl.; Bartl. & H. L. Wendland, Beitr. Bot. 2: 160 (1825)
= Spergulaceae Bartl.; Bartl. & H. L. Wendland, Beitr. Bot. 2: 158 (1825)
= Stellariaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 239 (1820)
= Telephiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 633 (1829)
393.1107 Genus Silene L.; Sp. Pl.: 416 (1753)
Distribution: Mostly Europe and Russia, 110 China, 40 Africa, 50 North America, centres in Pamir/Hindukush and Transcaucasia/E-Turkey. The status of Lychnis remains very controversial.
Species listed in database: 917; hybrids: 6
= Acubalus Neck.; Elem. Bot. 2: 167 (1790), opus utique oppr.
= Alifiola Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 24 (1840)
= Anotites Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 97 (1905)
= Behen Moench; Methodus 709 (1794) non Hill (1762)
= Behenantha (Otth) Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruemt 15: II. (1877) 130 (nom. superfl.)
= Carpophora Klotzsch; Bot. Ergeb. Waldem. Reise, 139. t. 32 (1862)
= Charesia E.A.Busch; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 19: 182 (1926)
= Cheiropetalum E.Fr.; Index Sem. Hort. Upsal. (1857) ex Urb., Addit. Index Sem. Hort. Berol. 11 (1881)
= Coccyganthe (Rchb.) Rchb.; Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 298 (1837)
= Conosilene (Rohrb.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Coronaria Guett.; Hist. Acad. Roy. Sci. (Paris) 1750(Mem.): 229 (1754)
= Corone Hoffmanns. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 422 (1840)
= Cucubalus L.; Sp. Pl.: 414 (1753)
= Diplogama Opiz; Seznam, 38 (1852)
= Ebraxis Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 29 (1840)
= Elisanthe Rchb.; Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 206 (1841)
= Evactoma Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 23 (1840)
= Exemix Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 27 (1840)
= Floscuculi Opiz; Seznam, 44 (1852)
= Flox Adans.; Fam. 2: p. (22) (1763)
= Gastrocalyx Schischk.; Bull. Mus. Caucasus Tiflis 12: 200 (1919), nom. illeg.
= Gastrolychnis (Fenzl) Rchb.; Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 206 (1841)
= Githago Adans.; Fam. 2: 255 (1763)
= Hedona Lour.; Fl. Indochina. 286 (1790)
= Kaleria Adans.; Fam. 2: 506 (1763)
= Leptosilene Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Lychnanthos S.G.Gmel.; Nov. Comm. Acad. Petrop. 14: I. 525 (1770)
= Lychnidia Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 207 (1875)
= Lychnis L.; Sp. Pl. 436 (1753)
= Melandrium Röhl.; Deutschl. Fl. ed. II. 274 (1812)
= Muscipula Ruppius ex Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Neoussuria Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 34: 299 (2002)
= Oberna Adans.; Fam. 2: 255 (1763)
= Oncerum Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 255 (1867)
= Otites Adans.; Fam. 2: 255 (1763)
= Peschkovia (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 111(6): 37 (2006)
= Petrocoma Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 200 (1869)
= Petrosilene Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Physocarpon Neck; Elem. 2: 164 (1790)
= Physolychnis (Benth.) Rupr.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VII. 14: n. 4 (Sert. Tianschan.) 41 (1869)
= Pleconax Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 24 (1840)
= Polyschemone Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Analect. Bot. 55 (1854)
= Schischkiniella Steenis; Blumea 15: 145 (1967)
= Scribaea Borkh.; Rhein. Mag. 1: 591 (1793)
= Silenanthe Griseb. & Schenk; Wiegm. Archiv 18: I. 300 (1852)
= Sofianthe Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 97 (2001)
= Uebelinia Hochst.; Flora 24(1 Intell.): 30 (1841)
= Ussuria Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 100 (2001), nom. illeg.
= Viscago Zinn; Cat. Pl. Gött. 188 (1757)
= Wahlbergella Fr.; Bot. Notiser 1843: 143 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Xamilenis Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 24 (1840)
= xCoromelandrium Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 54 (1920)
= xLychni-cucubalus Kölr.; Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 20: 445 (1775)
= xLychnisilene Cif. & Giacom.; Nomenclator Fl. Ital. 2: 291 (1954)

Search for: Silene vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Nothing found!
species :
Silene abietum Font Quer & Maire; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 2: 199 (1949)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene abyssinica (Hochst.) H.Neumayer; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 72: 55 (1923)
Distribution: SE-Nigeria; Cameroon; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda
22 NGA 23 BUR CMN RWA 24 ERI ETH 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis abyssinica (Hochst.) Lidén; Nordic J. Bot. 20(5): 516 (2000 publ. 2001)
= Uebelinia abyssinica Hochst.; Flora 24: I. Intell. 30, II. 665 (1841)
= Uebelinia hispida Pax; Bot. Jahrb. 17: 586 (1893)
= Uebelinia nigerica Turrill; Kew Bull. 1954: 260 (1954)
= Uebelinia spathulifolia Hochst. ex T.C.E.Fr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 85 (1923)
species :
Silene acaulis (L.) Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 242 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. acaulis
Name: Stengelloses Leimkraut, Moss campion
Distribution: Iceland; Jan Mayen; Svalbard; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Magadan, Sakhalin); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland, Labrador, N. W. T., Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE JMY NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT LIE POL SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA NMA ROM SLV 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus acaulis L.; Sp. Pl.: 415 (1753)
= Cucubalus muscosus Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 30 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Lychnis acaulis (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 306 (1771)
= Oncerum acaule (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 257 (1867)
= Silene acaulis f. albiflora Cody; Canad. Field-Naturalist 108: 93 (1994), nom. illeg.
= Silene acaulis f. albiflora Hartz; Meddel. Grønland 18: 324 (1895)
= Silene acaulis f. albiflora Stefánsson; 91 (1901)
= Silene acaulis f. athabascensis Argus; Rhodora 70: 209 (1968)
= Silene acaulis f. balcanica Hayek & Vierh.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 94: 142 (1917 publ. 1918)
= Silene acaulis f. subacaulescens F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 101 (1896)
= Silene acaulis subsp. arctica Á.Löve & D.Löve; Univ. Colorado Stud. Ser. Biol. Ser. no. 17: 21 (1965)
= Silene acaulis subsp. cenisia Vierh.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 51: 563 (1901)
= Silene acaulis subsp. longiscapa Vierh.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 51: 561 (1901)
= Silene acaulis subsp. subacaulescens (F.N.Williams) C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 22 (1947), isonym
= Silene acaulis subsp. subacaulescens (F.N.Williams) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 40(1): 696 (1944)
= Silene acaulis var. angustifolia Costa; Supl. Cat. Pl. Cataluña: 11 (1877), nom. nud.
= Silene acaulis var. condensata Lindblom; Physiogr. Sällsk. Tidskr. 1: 327 (1838)
= Silene acaulis var. dianthiflora Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 817 (1832)
= Silene acaulis var. elongata (Bellardi) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 5: 749 (1805)
= Silene acaulis var. parviflora Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 367 (1824)
= Silene acaulis var. subacaulescens (F.N.Williams) Fernald & H.St.John; Rhodora 23: 120 (1921)
= Silene alpina Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 648 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. illeg.
= Silene caespitosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 302 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Silene elongata Bellardi; Osserv. Bot.: 60 (1788)
= Silene mantziana Beauverd; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 20: 481 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Silene norica Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; Fl. Tirol 6(2): 185 (1909)
= Silene norwegica Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Pers.] 1: 500 (1805)
= Silene pannonica Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; Fl. Tirol 6(2): 185 (1909)
= Silene subacaulis Vill. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 587 (1841), nom. inval.
= Xamilenis acaulis (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 94 (2001)
= Xamilenis uniflora Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 24 (1840), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. exscapa (All.) Killias; Fl. Unterengad.: 27 (1888)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Slovakia; France; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria
11 GER LIE SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene acaulis f. intermedia Zapal.; 136 (1911)
= Silene acaulis proles bryoides (Jord.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 129 (1896)
= Silene acaulis proles exscapa (All.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 130 (1896)
= Silene acaulis subsp. balcanica (Hayek & F.Vierh.) Trinajstic & Zi.Pavletic; Suppl. Fl. Anal. Jugosl. 6: 14
= Silene acaulis subsp. bryoides (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 93 (1878)
= Silene acaulis subsp. exscapa (All.) F.Vierh.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 51: 565 (1901)
= Silene acaulis subsp. norica F.Vierh.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 51: 560 (1901)
= Silene acaulis var. balcanica Hayek & F.Vierh.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 94: 142 (1916)
= Silene acaulis var. bryoides (Jord.) Costa; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: 179 (1874)
= Silene acaulis var. bryoides (Jord.) Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov.: t. 51 (1852)
= Silene acaulis var. exscapa (All.) DC.; Fl. Franc. [DC. & Lam.], ed. 3. 4(2): 749 (1805)
= Silene acaulis var. exscapa (All.) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 109 (1889)
= Silene bryoides Jord.; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 241 (1852)
= Silene exscapa All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 83 (1785)
= Silene exscapa subsp. norica (F.Vierh.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. l(1): 99 (1949)
= Xamilenis exscapa (All.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 94 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. vanensis Özgökçe & Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 42(2): 144 (2005)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene acutidentata Bondarenko & Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 323 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
species :
Silene acutifolia Link ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Sitene: 141 (1869)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene melandrioides Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1877: 233 (1878)
= Silene melandrioides var. acutifolia (Link ex Rohrb.) Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 1: 94 (1883)
species :
Silene adelphiae Runemark; Willdenowia 14: 45 (1984)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades)
13 GRC
Remarks: congesta agg.
species :
Silene adenocalyx F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 403 (1909)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Silene adenopetala Raikova; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 4: 169 (1923)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
species :
Silene adenophora (Schischk.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 173 (1995)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe adenophora (Schischk.) Devyatov & V.N.Tikhom.; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s. 97(3): 123 (1992)
= Melandrium adenophorum Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 705, 890 (1936)
species :
Silene aegaea Oxelman; Willdenowia 25(1): 157 (1995)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
species :
Silene aegyptiaca (L.) L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 241 (1782)
subspecies :
subsp. aegyptiaca
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, W-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus aegyptiacus L.; Sp. Pl.: 415 (1753)
= Saponaria atocioides (Boiss.) Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 1: 16 (1846)
= Silene atocioides Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 5: 83 (1844)
= Silene atocion Jacq.; Hort. Bot. Vindob. 2: 19 (1777), nom. illeg.
= Silene atocion L.; Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 13. 2: 421 (1774)
= Silene orchidea L.f.; Suppl. Pl. 241 (1782)
= Silene retroflexa Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 780
= Silene spathulata Willd. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene 156 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. ruderalis Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot Gard. Edinburgh 28: 8. (1967)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
species :
Silene aellenii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 182 (1951), nom. nov.
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene divaricata Clemente; Elench. Pl. Horti Matr.: 103 (1806)
= Silene divaricata Clemente ex Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 15 (1816) non Sm.
= Silene divaricata var. brachycalyx Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1929, no. 145, in sched. (1930)
= Silene divaricata var. willkommiana J.Gay ex Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 660 (1849)
= Silene ramosissima Willk.; Strand-Steppengeb. Iber. Halbins. [thes.] 108 (1852), nom. inval.
= Silene willkommiana J.Gay; Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 32 (1949)
species :
Silene aethiopica Burm.f.; Fl. Ind. (Burm.), Prodr. Fl. Cap. 13 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. aethiopica
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene burchellii var. cernua (Thunb.) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 76 (1896)
= Silene cernua Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 81 (1794)
= Silene clandestina Jacq.; Collectanea 5: 111 (1797)
= Silene clandestina var. major Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 128 (1860)
= Silene clandestina var. minor Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 128 (1860)
= Silene constantia Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 32 (1835)
= Silene crassifolia var. angustifolia Bartl.; Linnaea 7: 623 (1832)
= Silene linifolia Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 473 (1809)
= Silene recta Bartl.; Linnaea 7: 623 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. longiflora J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 42(2): 181 (2012)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Silene affghanica Rohrb.; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1867(App. 2): 5 (1867)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan); Pakistan (Chitral, Astor)
34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Silene afromontana F.Jafari, Oxelman & Rabeler; Taxon 69(2): 357 (2020)
Distribution: Kenya; N-Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis rotundifolia (Oliv.) M.Popp; Novon 18(1): 99 (2008)
= Silene rotundifolia (Oliv.) H.Neumayer
= Uebelinia rotundifolia Oliv.; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 397 (1885)
species :
Silene ajanensis (Regel & Tiling) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 84: 31 (1972)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Sakhalin)
31 RFE
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis ajanensis Regel & Tiling; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 34: II. 564 (1861)
= Melandrium ajanense (Regel & Tiling) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 230 (1869 publ. 1870)
= Melandrium triflorum var. ajanense Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 69 (1858)
= Silene ajanensis subsp. villosula (Trautv.) Vorosch.; Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. Issl. Razn. Raionakh SSSR: 166 (1985)
= Sofianthe ajanensis (Regel & Tiling) Tzvelev; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 111(6): 38 (2006)
species :
Silene akaisialpina (T.Yamaz.) H.Ohashi, Tateishi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 72(4): 195 (1997)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium keiskei f. leucanthum (Takeda) T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 30: 94 (1955)
= Melandrium keiskei var. akaisialpinum T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 30: 94 (1955)
= Silene akaisialpina f. leucantha (Takeda) H.Ohashi, Tateishi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 72: 196 (1997)
= Silene keiskei f. leucantha (Takeda) Ohwi & H.Ohashi; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 345 (1974)
= Silene keiskei lusus leucantha Takeda; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 8: 236 (1915)
= Silene keiskei var. akaisialpina (T.Yamaz.) Ohwi & H.Ohashi; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 345 (1974)
species :
Silene akinfievii Schmalh.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 10: 286 (1892)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Charesia akinfievii (Schmalh.) E.A.Busch; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 19: 183 (1926)
= Elisanthe akinfievii (Schmalh.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavk. ser. 2, 3: 259 (1945)
= Melandrium akinfievii (Schmalh.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 709 (1936)
species :
Silene akiyamae Rajbh. & Mits.Suzuki; J. Jap. Bot. 82(5): 280 (2007)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Silene akmaniana Ekim & Çelik; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 42: 85 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene alaschanica (Maxim.) Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 15 (1967)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Ningxia)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis alaschanica Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 26: 427 (1880)
= Melandrium alaschanicum (Maxim.) Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 16(4): 588 (1985)
species :
Silene albescens Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 28 (1843)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene alexandrae B.Keller; Trudy Obsc. Estestvoisp. Imp. Kazansk. Univ. 44(5): 72 (1912)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (N-Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene altaica var. grandiflora C.A.Mey.; Index Sem. (St. Petersburg) 87 (1843)
= Silene altaica var. hystrix Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 33(1): 151 (1860)
species :
Silene alexandri Hillebr.; Fl. Haw. Isl. 28 (1888)
Distribution: Hawaii (east Molokai)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Endangered, USA Status: Endangered
species :
Silene alexandrina (Asch.) Danin; Israel J. Bot. 36: 65 (1987)
Distribution: Crete; Egypt (Nile Delta); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Israel (N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert)
13 KRI 20 EGY 34 CYP ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene apetala var. alexandrina Asch.; Asch. & Schweinf., Ill. Fl. Eg. 46 (1887)
species :
Silene alexeenkoi (Lazkov) comb.ined.
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis alexeenkoi Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 88(6): 120 (2003)
species :
Silene almolae Gay; Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 31 (1849)
Distribution: SE- & C-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene behen var. almolae (J.Gay) Pau; Cavanillesia 8: 112 (1937)
= Silene boissieri var. latifolia Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 86 (1891)
= Silene laminiensis Gonz.Albo; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 35: 186 (1936)
species :
Silene alpicola Schischk.; Ber. Tomsk. Staats Univ. 77: 291 (1927)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Silene altaica Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 497 (1805)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Azerbaijan; China (N-Xinjiang); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 AZE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus fruticulosus Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 739, t. 7 (1773)
= Physolychnis altaica (Pers.) Rupr.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 14(4): 41 (1869)
= Silene dianthifolia Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 373 (1824)
= Silene frutescens M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp., German ed.: 175 (1800)
= Silene fruticosa Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 974 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Silene fruticulosa (Pall.) Schischk. ex Krylov; Fl. Sib. Occid. 5: 1060 (1931) (not Siebold ex Otth (1824), nor M. Bieberstein (1825))
= Silene suffruticosa Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 522 (1773)
species :
Silene aminii Assadi; Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 168: 677 (2023)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene aminiradii Gholipour; Novon 29: 195 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene ammophila Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 82 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. ammophila
Distribution: Crete (coastal)
13 KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Pleconax
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica subsp. ammophila (Boiss. & Heldr.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 50A: 374 (1971)
= Pleconax ammophila (Boiss. & Heldr.) Sourková; Österr Bot. Z. 119: 571 (1972)
= Pleconax conica subsp. ammophila (Boiss. & Heldr.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4(1): 14 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. carpathae Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 278 (1957)
Distribution: Greece (Kos); East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 GRC 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica var. carpathae (Chowdhuri) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; J. Ind. Bot. Soc., 50A: 374 (1971)
= Pleconax ammophila subsp. carpathae (Chowdhuri) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 119(4-5): 579 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Pleconax carpathae (Chowdhuri) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 14: 78 (1977)
= Pleconax conica var. carpathae (Chowdhuri) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4(1): 14 (1974)
species :
Silene amoena L.; Sp. Pl. 417 (1753)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Nei Mongol); Mongolia; Pakistan (Chitral, Astor, Baltistan, Gilgit, Deosai, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus dauricus Pall. ex Bunge; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2: 544 (1835), pro syn.
= Cucubalus sibiricus Willd. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 777 (1843)
= Cucubalus staticifolius Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 416 (1812)
= Silene amoena subsp. igoschinae Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 106 (2001)
= Silene baicalensis Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 575 (1842)
= Silene graminifolia f. tenuis (Willd.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 26 (1861)
= Silene graminifolia lusus subglabra Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 549 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia lusus tenuis (Willd.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 549 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia var. subglabra Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 64 (1858), nom. superfl.
= Silene graminifolia var. tenuis (Willd.) Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 65 (1858)
= Silene jenisea var. latifolia Turcz.; Fl. Baical.-Dahur. 1: 205 (1842)
= Silene jeniseensis var. latifolia (Turcz.) Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 16: 597 (1985), no basionym ref.
= Silene repens Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 614 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Silene sajanensis Less. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 307 (1842)
= Silene tenuifolia Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 379 (1824)
= Silene tenuis Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 474 (1809)
= Silene viscaginoides Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 49 (1819)
species :
Silene ampullata Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 26 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrocalyx ampullata (Boiss.) Schischk.; Bull. Mus. Caucasus Tiflis 12: 200 (1919)
= Schischkiniella ampullata (Boiss.) Steenis; Blumea 15: 145 (1967)
species :
Silene anatolica Melzh. & A.Baytop; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38: 449, f. 1 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, cserei agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna anatolica (Melzh. & A.Baytop) Fedor.; Ukr Bot. Zhurn. 54(1): 74 (1997)
species :
Silene andarabica Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 16: 529 (1980)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Takhar)
34 AFG
species :
Silene andicola Gillies; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 147 (1833)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro); Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (O´Higgins, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Magallanes)
83 BOL 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis andicola (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. 16: 61 (1889)
= Melandrium andicola (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 221 (1869)
= Melandrium chilense var. argentinense Hosseus; Trab. Inst. Bot. Farmacol. no. 33: 35 (1915)
= Melandrium chilense var. cucubaloides (Fenzl ex Rohrb.) Hosseus; Trab. Inst. Bot. Farmacol. 33: 34 (1915)
= Melandrium cucubaloides Fenzl ex Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 223 (1869 publ. 1870)
= Saponaria andicola (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Kunze ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 231 (1869)
= Wahlbergella andicola (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Rouy; Rev. Bot. Syst. Géogr. Bot. 1: 15 (1903)
species :
Silene andryalifolia Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 331 (1875)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: mollissima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene mollissima subsp. pseudovelutina (Rothm.) Losa & Rivas Goday ex Fern.Casas; Candollea 30: 286 (1975)
= Silene mollissima var. maroccana Maire; [nom. inval.]
= Silene pseudovelutina Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 52: 282 (1943)
= Silene tomentosa var. arundana (Pau) Pau; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 28: 159 (1930)
= Silene velutina subsp. andryalifolia (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 140 (1888)
= Silene velutina var. arundana Pau; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 24: 269 (1924)
species :
Silene anisoloba Schrenk; Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 2: 198 (1844)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status uncertain
species :
Silene antarctica (Kuntze) Pedersen; Fl. Patagonica (Colecc. Cient. 8), 4a: 234 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis antarctica Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 14 (1898)
= Melandrium alpestre (Kuntze) Dusén; Arkiv Bot. Stockh. 7: No. 2, 15 (1907)
species :
Silene antirrhina L.; Sp. Pl. 419 (1753)
Name: Sleepy Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington State, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Isla Guadalupe [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 glp MEX 83 bol per 84 bra 85 arg par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Ebraxis antirrhina (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 102 (2001)
= Ebraxis virgata Raf.; Autikon Bot. 29 (1840)
= Gypsophila dioica Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 4(2): 178 (1827)
= Saponaria dioica Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 38 (1826)
= Silene antirrhina f. apetala Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 97 (1924)
= Silene antirrhina f. bicolor Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 55 (1928)
= Silene antirrhina f. deaneana Fernald; Rhodora 17: 96 (1915)
= Silene antirrhina var. albiflora Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 3: 790 (1903)
= Silene antirrhina var. confinis Fernald; Rhodora 17: 97 (1915)
= Silene antirrhina var. depauperata Rydb.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31: 408 (1904)
= Silene antirrhina var. divaricata B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 132 (1893)
= Silene antirrhina var. laevigata Engelm. & A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 213 (1845)
= Silene antirrhina var. minor Cambess.; A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 2: 164 (1830)
= Silene antirrhina var. pteroneura Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 213 (1884)
= Silene antirrhina var. roseiflora Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 3: 790 (1903)
= Silene antirrhina var. subglabra Engelm. & A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 213 (1845)
= Silene antirrhina var. vaccariifolia Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 31: 407 (1904)
= Silene pteroneura (Ball) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 132 (1896)
species :
Silene antri-jovis Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 16(2): 440 (1987), nom. nov.
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: saxifraga agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene fruticulosa Sieber ex Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 376 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Silene gymnotheca Pancic ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 92 (1878), nom. inval.
= Silene olympica Pancic ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 139 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene saxifraga subsp. fruticulosa (Sieber ex Otth) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 312 (1894)
species :
Silene aomorensis M.Mizush.; J. Jap. Bot. 48: 65 (1973)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Silene aperta Greene; Leaflets Bot. Obs. 1: 75 (1904)
Name: Naked catchfly
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Silene apetala Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 703 (1799)
Name: Kronblattloses Leimkraut (DE); Bare Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Albania; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Eritrea; NE-Somalia; Soqotra; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (W-Yemen); Pakistan (Chitral, N. W. Frontier Prov., Baltistan, Deosai, Dras); NW-India (Ladakh, Rupshu, Zanskar, Jammu & Kashmir); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I])
12 BAL POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 24 ERI SOC SOM 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND PAK 50 aus
Remarks: Subgen. Gastrolychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis brachypetala Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 51 (1819)
= Lychnis inclusa Lehm.; Linnaea 5: Litt. 46 (1830)
= Lychnis parviflora Turcz. ex Besser; Flora 17(1 Beibl.): 8 (1834)
= Lychnis pauciflora Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 386 (1824), nom. inval.
= Silene anomala Dufour ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 118 118 (1869)
= Silene apetala var. berenicea Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. ser. 24: 130 (1917)
= Silene apetala var. glabrata Hosny & Shamso; Taeckholmia 14: 33 (1992-93 publ. 1993)
= Silene apetala var. grandiflora Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 597 (1867)
= Silene aspera Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 118 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene brachypetala Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Silene decipiens Barceló; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 8: 340 (1879) non Ball
= Silene glauca Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 118 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene glaucifolia Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene gracilis Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (9)
= Silene inamoena Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene pallidiflora Link ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 118 (1869)
= Silene praecox Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 118 (1869)
= Silene rigoi Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 94 (1888), pro syn.
= Silene vilis Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 596 (1867), nom. inval.
= Sofianthe brachypetala (Hornem.) Tzvelev; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 111(6): 39 (2006)
= Viscago aspera (Willd.) Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 409 (1813)
species :
Silene aprica Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index sem. hort. petrop. 1: 38 (1835)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin [I]); Kyrgyzstan; China (throughout); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; N-India (Sikkim)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe aprica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 1: 328 (1979)
= Elisanthe aprica subsp. daurica Zuev; Fl. Sibir. (Portulacac.-Ranunculac.) 6: 60 (1993)
= Hedona ischnopetala F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 405 (1909)
= Lychnis ischnopetala (F.N.Williams) Majumdar; B. D. Sharma & N. P. Balakr. & al., Fl. India 2: 542 (1993)
= Melandrium apricum (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene 231 (1868)
= Melandrium apricum subsp. oldhamianum (Miq.) Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manshur.: 199 (1939)
= Melandrium apricum var. oldhamianum (Miq.) Y.C.Chu; Fl. Herb. Chin. Bor.-Orient. 3: 60, t. 24, f. 1-7 (1975)
= Melandrium apricum var. rutoense L.H.Zhou; Rep. Invest. Fl. Fauna Ah Li Reg., Tibet: 127, 89 (1979)
= Melandrium oldhamianum (Miq.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 241 (1869)
= Melandrium oldhamianum f. album (Nakai) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 269 (1979)
= Melandrium taquetii (H.Lév.) Nakai; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 269 (1914)
= Melandrium taquetii var. album Nakai
= Neoussuria aprica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 34: 299 (2002)
= Silene aprica subsp. oldhamiana (Miq.) C.Y.Wu ex C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 16: 119 (1994)
= Silene aprica Turcz.; Linnaea 10: Litt. 102 (1836)
= Silene aprica var. oldhamiana (Miq.) C.Y.Wu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 26: 343-344, t. 85: 5-9 (1996)
= Silene aprica var. ryukyuensis T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot. 70(6): 344 (1995)
= Silene melandriiformis Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 54 (1859)
= Silene morii Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 35 (1913)
= Silene mushaensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 35-36 (1913)
= Silene oldhamiana Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 3: 187 (1867)
= Silene peschkovae Chepinoga; Botanica Pacifica 12(2): 122 (2023), nom. nov. for Elisanthe aprica subsp. daurica Zuev
= Silene taquetii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 350 (1912)
= Ussuria aprica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 100 (2001)
species :
Silene arabica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 593 (1867)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar); Israel (Rift Valley, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (W-Yemen)
20 EGY 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN 35 KUW QAT SAU UAE YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene affinis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 1: 72 (1854) (non Godr. (1853))
= Silene nabathaea Gomb. & A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 93: 125 (1947)
species :
Silene araratica Schischk.; Izv. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 77: 292 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. araratica
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene pulchella Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 273 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. davisii (Chowdhuri) Ghaz.; Notes Roy. Bot Gard. Edinburgh 41: 103 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene davisii Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 272 (1957)
species :
Silene arenarioides Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 355 (1798)
Distribution: S-Morocco; S-Algeria; S-Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene nicaeensis var. arenarioides (Desf.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie-Tunisie [Batt. & Trab.]: 58 (1905)
species :
Silene arenosa K.Koch; Linnaea 15: 711 (1841)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene kowalenskyi Stschegl.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 26: I. 322 (1853)
species :
Silene argaea Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 4, 1: 36 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene argentea Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 311 (1842)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: spergulifolia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene armeniaca Rohrb.; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1867(App. 2): 5 (1867)
= Silene brachycarpa Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 29 (1859)
= Silene brotheriana Sommier & Levier; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 36 (1893)
= Silene fasciculata Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 613 (1867), nom. inval.
= Silene pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 87 (1849)
= Silene pruinosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 23 (1843)
= Silene supina subsp. pruinosa (Boiss.) Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 266 (1957)
species :
Silene argentina (Pax) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 35 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, San Luis)
85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis argentina (Pax) Speg.; Contr. Fl. Vent. 16 (1896)
= Melandrium argentinum Pax; Bot. Jahrb. 18: 23 (1893)
species :
Silene argentinensis Hauman; An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 32: 189 (1923), nomen, et An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 32: 457 (1925), descr.
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, Mendoza, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Silene arghireica Vals.; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 30: 459 (1994-95 publ. 1995)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Algeria
12 POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG
species :
Silene argillosa Munby; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 44 (1864)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
species :
Silene arguta Fenzl; Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 8. (1842)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene aucheriana var. glabrescens Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19: 216 (1906)
= Silene prilipkoana Schischk.; Trudy Bot. Inst. (Baku) 2: 277 (1936)
variant :
var. sisianica (Boiss. & Buhse) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 136 (1868)
Distribution: Armenia; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene aucheriana subsp. sisianica (Boiss. & Buhse) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: 314 (1910)
= Silene pachyneura Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 660 (1936), rossice
= Silene sisianica Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 36 (1860)
species :
Silene aristidis Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 330 (1875)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene armena Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 29 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene amasiensis Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 99 (1895), as ´amassiensis´
= Silene dianthifolia J.Gay; Tchihatch., Asie Min., Bot. 1: 193 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Silene dschabanica K.Koch ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 180 (1869)
= Silene filipes Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 98 (1895)
= Silene fruticulosa Fenzl ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 128 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene lycica Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 256 (1957)
= Silene scabridula Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 643 (1867)
= Silene staticefolia Fenzl ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 180 (1869)
= Silene tenuicaulis Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 400 (1890)
variant :
var. serrulata (Boiss.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 1 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene serrulata Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 643 (1867)
species :
Silene arsuzensis Özbek & Uzunh.; Phytotaxa 397(1): 75 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene articulata Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Sp.: 23 (1824)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene gallica var. articulata (Viv.) Durand & Barratte
species :
Silene asclepiadea Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 30: 111 (1886) 422, et Pl. Delav. 84 (1889)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis adenantha (Franch.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 7: 302 (1912)
= Melandrium adenanthum (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 204 (1929)
= Melandrium asclepiadeum (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 16c: 343 (1934)
= Melandrium kermesinum (W.W.Sm.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 205 (1929)
= Melandrium viscidulum var. szechuense (F.N.Williams) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 205 (1929)
= Silene adenantha Franch.; Pl. Delavay. 84 (1889)
= Silene asclepiadea var. glutinosa Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 422 (1886)
= Silene kermesina W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 224-225 (1919)
= Silene lutea Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 422 (1886)
= Silene szechuensis F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 428. (1898)
species :
Silene asirensis D.F.Chamb. & Collen.; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(1): 55 (1994)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Silene assyriaca Hausskn. & Bornm. ex Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 89(7): 1181 (2004)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
species :
Silene astartes C.I.Blanche ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 102 (1888)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Silene astrachanica (Pacz.) Takht.; Krasnaya Kniga: 48 (1975)
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium astrachanicum Pacz.; Expl. flor. & phyt. stepp. Kalmyks. (Bull. Soc. Natur. Kiew) 39 or 59 (1892)
species :
Silene atlantica Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 307 (1855)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
species :
Silene atrocastanea Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 181 (1912)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium atrocastaneum (Diels) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 206-207 (1929)
= Silene cupiformis C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4: 152-153, f. 5, 6-9 (1982)
species :
Silene atsaensis (C.Marquand) Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 20 (1967)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis atsaensis C.Marquand; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 48(321): 163-164 (1929)
= Melandrium atsaense (C.Marquand) Pax & K.Hoffm.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 16c: 342 (1934)
species :
Silene aucheriana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 27 (1843)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 TKM 34 IRN IRQ 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium; often included in S. montbretiana
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene aucheriana f. stenophylla Bornm.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 118 (1905)
= Silene aucheriana var. angustifolia Litv.; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 3: 99 (1907)
= Silene aucheriana var. hohenackeri (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 617 (1867)
= Silene hohenackeri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 1: 75 (1854)
= Silene rudbarica Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 36 (1860)
species :
Silene auriculata Sibth. & Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 292 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. auriculata
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium auriculatum (Sibth. & Sm.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 231 (1869)
= Silenanthe auriculata (Sm.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 101 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. lanuginosa (Bertol.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. ltal.: 87 (1882)
Distribution: Italy (Alpi Apuane)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Behen lanuginosus (Bertol.) Link; Handb. 245 (1829)
= Melandrium lanuginosum (Bertol.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 233 (1869)
= Silene lanuginosa Bertol.; J. Bot. Agric. 2: 76 (1813)
species :
Silene auriculifolia Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 332 (1875)
Distribution: +S-Spain (Malaga); +Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: mollissima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene mogadorensis subsp. auriculifolia (Pomel) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 343 (1937)
= Silene mollissima subsp. auriculifolia (Pomel) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat- Afrique N. 28: 343 (1937)
= Silene mollissima var. oranensis Maire; [nom. inval.]
= Silene tomentosa var. auriculifolia (Pomel) Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 290 (1921)
species :
Silene austroiranica Rech.f.; Esfand., Bot. Jahrb. 75: 349 (1952)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman)
34 IRN IRQ 35 KUW OMA SAU UAE
species :
Silene avromana Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Suppl. 105 (1888)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Silene ayachica Humbert; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 192 (1924), et ex Litard. & Maire, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 26: 7 (1931), descr. ampl.
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene aydosensis K.Yildiz & Erik; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47: 152 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene azirensis Coode & Cullen; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 4 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene baccifera (L.) Durande; Fl. Bourgogne 1: 260 (1782)
Name: Hühnerbiss (DE)
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Moldova; Crimea; +Algeria; Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Myanmar; Vietnam
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRQ LEB TUR 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus baccatus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 333 (1842)
= Cucubalus baccifer f. atropurpureus Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 129 (1913)
= Cucubalus baccifer f. major Zapal.; 124 (1911)
= Cucubalus baccifer L.; Sp. Pl.: 414 (1753)
= Cucubalus baccifer var. angustifolius L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 709, f. 227, 5-10 (1983)
= Cucubalus baccifer var. cavaleriei H.Lév.; Fl. Kouy-Tcheou 67 (1914)
= Cucubalus baccifer var. gustawiczianus Zapal.; 124 (1911)
= Cucubalus baccifer var. japonicus Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 2: 210 (1866)
= Cucubalus divaricatus Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 145 (1811)
= Cucubalus divaricatus G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb. ex Clairv.; Man. Herb. 145 (1811)
= Cucubalus horizontalis Moench; Methodus 711 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Cucubalus japonicus (Miq.) Vorosch.; Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS, No. 38, 50 (1960)
= Cucubalus kashmiriensis A.K.Skvortsov & Proskur.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 81(4): 154 (1976)
= Lychnanthos scandens C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 2: 249 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Lychnanthos volubilis S.G.Gmel.; Nov. Comm. Acad. Petrop. 14: I. 525. t. 17, f. 1 (1770)
= Lychnis baccifera (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. 1: 306 (1771)
= Scribaea baccifera (L.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 100 (1866)
= Scribaea cucubalus Borkh.; Rhein. Mag. 1: 591 (1793), nom. illeg.
= Scribaea divaricata G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Fl. Wett. 2: 96 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Silene baccifera (L.) Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(1): 491 (1789), isonym
= Silene baccifera f. atropurpurea (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl.: 526 (2017)
= Silene baccifera var. japonica (Miq.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 77(5): 268 (1996)
= Silene fissa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 302 (1796)
= Silene woroschilovii Chepinoga; Botanica Pacifica 12(2): 122 (2023), nom. nov. for Cucubalus baccifer var. japonicus Miq.
= Viscago baccifera (L.) Vest; Man. Bot.: 668 (1805)
species :
Silene badachschanica Ovcz.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Tadzhik. SSR 8: No. 6, 38 (1965)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Silene badaroi Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 110(Sess. Extraord.): 130 (1963 publ. 1966), nom. nov.
Distribution: SE-France (Alpes Maritimes); NW-Italy (Liguria: Capraia Isl.)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene italica subsp. salzmannii Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 93 (1882)
= Silene salzmannii Badarò ex Moretti; Giorn. Fis., ser. 2, 9: 78 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Silene tyrrhenia Jeanm. & Bocquet; Candollea 38: 298 (1983)
species :
Silene badzhalensis Barkalov & Krestov; Botanica Pacifica 7(1): 81 (2018)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk)
31 RFE
species :
Silene bakhtiarica Assadi; Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 168: 806 (2023)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene balansae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 31 (1859)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium balansae (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Suppl. 109 (1888)
= Melandrium saxosum A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 94(6): 95 (1989)
species :
Silene baldshuanica B.Fedtsch.; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 14: 1 (1908)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Takhar)
32 TZK 34 AFG
species :
Silene bamianica Gilli; Feddes Repert. 59: 174 (1956)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG
species :
Silene banksia (Meerb.) Mabb.; Telopea 8: 253 (1999)
Name: Brilliant campion
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; North Korea; Japan (Honshu, ?Hokkaido, Kyushu); USA [I] (Pennsylvania [I])
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma banksia Meerb.; Pl. Select. Icon. Pict. t. 28 (1798)
= Agrostemma bungeanum D.Don; Sw., Brit. Fl. Gard. 7: t. 317 (1836)
= Agrostemma fulgens (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 643 (1843)
= Agrostemma grandiflorum (Jacq.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 648 (1843)
= Exemix grandiflora (Jacq.) Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 27 (1840)
= Hedona sinensis Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 286 (1790)
= Lychnis bungeana Fisch. ex Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 22: t. 1864 (1836)
= Lychnis coccinea Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 304 (1796)
= Lychnis coronata Thunb.; Nova Acta Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4: 39 (1783)
= Lychnis coronata var. sieboldii (Van Houtte ex Planch.) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 956 (1900)
= Lychnis coronata var. speciosa (Carrière) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 956 (1900)
= Lychnis coronata var. verticillata Makino; Y. Iinuma, Somoku-Dzusetsu, ed. 3, 2: 670 (1910)
= Lychnis fulgens f. glabra (Nakai) W.Lee; Lin. Fl. Koreae: 257 (1996)
= Lychnis fulgens Fisch. ex Spreng.; Novi Provent.: 26 (1818)
= Lychnis fulgens var. glabra Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 143 (1921)
= Lychnis fulgens var. haageana (Benary ex Lem.) G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 306 (1885)
= Lychnis fulgens var. sieboldii (Van Houtte ex Planch.) G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. 2: 306
= Lychnis fulgens var. speciosa (Carrière) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 105 (1894)
= Lychnis grandiflora unranked gigantea Barr & Sugden; Nursery Cat. (Barr & Son) 1866(Autumn): 3 (1866)
= Lychnis grandiflora Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 149 (1786)
= Lychnis grandiflora var. haageana (Benary ex Lem.) Bois; Dict. Hort.: 792 (1893-1899)
= Lychnis grandiflora var. sieboldii (Van Houtte ex Planch.) Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 105 (1894)
= Lychnis grandiflora var. tetrapetala Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 386 (1824)
= Lychnis haageana Benary ex Lem.; Ill. Hort. 6: t. 195 (1859)
= Lychnis haageana superba Abbey; J. Hort. Cottage Gard. 32: 83 (1864)
= Lychnis haageana var. hybrida Rodigas; Bull. Arboric. Floric. Culture Potag. 1897: 105 (1897)
= Lychnis senno Siebold & Zucc.; Fl. Jap. 1: 98 (1839)
= Lychnis sieboldii Van Houtte ex Planch.; Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 10: 31 (1854)
= Lychnis speciosa Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 42: 530 (1871)
= Silene banksia f. verticillata (Makino) Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 86: 231 (2011)
= Silene bungeana (D.Don) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71: 269 (1996)
= Silene fulgens (Fisch. ex Spreng.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 96 (1901)
= Silene ganpi H.Ohba & S.Akiyama; Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 41: 42 (2005), nom. nov. superfl. for Lychnis coronata Thunb.
= Silene grandiflora (Jacq.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71(2): 110 (1996), non Franch. (1886)
= Silene grandiflora f. verticillata (Makino) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71: 271 (1996)
= Silene senno (Siebold & Zucc.) S.Akiyama; Fl. Japan 2a: 208 (2006)
= Silene sieboldii (Van Houtte ex Planch.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71: 270 (1996)
= Silene sinensis (Lour.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71(5): 270 (1996)
= Silene sinensis f. verticillata (Makino) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71: 271 (1996)
species :
Silene baranovii Ovcz. & Kurbanb.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, 20(12): 40 (1977)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Silene barbara Humbert & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 15, 14 (1926)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene barbeyana Heldr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 107 (1888)
Distribution: C-Greece (Korax, Giona)
13 GRC
species :
Silene barrattei Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, l(4): 30 (1905)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Silene baschkirorum Janisch.; Ber. Saratow. Naturforsch. Ges. 3: Pt. 1, 33 (1929)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites baschkirorum (Janisch.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 437 (1970)
= Otites polaris (Kleopow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 437 (1970)
= Otites polaris var. pohleanus Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 111 (2001)
= Silene otites subsp. polaris (Kleopow) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Silene polaris Kleopow; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, No. 9 (17), 113 (1936), et Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 687, 890 (1936)
species :
Silene batangensis H.Limpr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 363 (1922)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium batangense (H.Limpr.) Pax & K.Hoffm.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 16c: 343 (1934)
species :
Silene bayburtensis Hamzaoglu & Aksoy; Turkish J. Bot. 34(1): 48 (47-50, figs) (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene bazardzica Sourková; Novit. Bot. 8: 48 (1993-94 publ. 1995)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites bazardzicus (Sourková) Chrtek; Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. 8: 49 (1993-1994 publ. 1995)
species :
Silene beguinotii Vals.; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 30: 462 (1994-95 publ. 1995)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Silene behboudiana Rech.f. & Esfand.; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 75: 351 (1951)
subspecies :
subsp. behboudiana
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene goniocaula subsp. behboudiana (Rech.f. & Esfand.) Ghaz.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(1): 104 (1983)
= Silene gynodioica subsp. peduncularis (Fenzl ex Boiss.) Melzh.; Fl. Iranica 163: 422 (1988)
= Silene nodulosa var. peduncularis Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 616 (1867)
= Silene nodulosa var. shiraziana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 91 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. glandulosa (Melzh.) Assadi; Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 168: 775 (2023)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene gynodioica subsp. glandulosa Melzh.; Fl. Iran. 163: 423 (1988)
species :
Silene behen L.; Sp. Pl.: 418 (1753)
Name: Haarloses Leimkraut (DE); Hairless Catchfly (EN); Conejera cascabelilla (ES)
Distribution: S-Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
12 SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC 14 MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, behen agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Behenantha behen (L.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 198 (1975)
= Ebraxis behen (L.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 103 (2001)
= Heliosperma carpaticum (Zapal.) Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 578 (1952)
= Ixoca carpatica (Zapal.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 21: 62 (1984)
= Lychnis behen (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 305 (1771)
= Oberna behen (L.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 13: 119 (1976)
= Oberna behen subsp. carpatica (Zapal.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(3): 128 (2002)
= Oberna behen var. carpatica (Zapal.) Fedor.; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 57(1): 26 (2000)
= Oberna carpatica (Zapal.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 166 (1981)
= Silene ambigua Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 302 (1796)
= Silene ignobilis Lowe; Trans. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 6: 549 (1838)
= Silene latifolia (Mill.) Britton & Rendle; J. Bot. 45: 100 (1907) (non Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 165 (1789))
species :
Silene bellidifolia Juss. ex Jacq.; Hort. Bot. Vindob. 2: 44 (1777)
Name: Gänseblümchen-Leimkraut (DE), Daisy-leaved Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Algeria; Tunisia
11 ger 12 BAL COR POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Corone vespertina Hoffmanns. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 422 (1840)
= Lychnisilene rosea (Graebn.) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1157 (1979)
= Silene bipartita Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene colorata proles distachya (Brot.) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 10: 18 (1906)
= Silene colorata subsp. distachya (Brot.) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 10: 18 (1906)
= Silene durieui Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (2)
= Silene hirsuta Poir.; Voy. Barbarie ii. 163 (1789)
= Silene hispida Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 348 (1798)
= Silene lusitanica Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1(2): 290 (1809) non L.
= Silene procumbens Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene rosea Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (2)
= Silene sabuletorum Duby; Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 2: 1025 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Silene sericea var. distachya (Brot.) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 72 (1896)
= Silene suavis Schrad.; Index Sem. Hort. Acad. Gött., Linnaea 11, Lit. 1835: 6 (1835)
= Silene vespertina Retz.; Observ. Bot. 3: 31 (1784)
= Silene vespertina var. parviflora Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851)
species :
Silene bellidioides Sond.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 125 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Remarks: sometimes included in S. undulata
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium bellidioides (Sond.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 247 (1869)
= Silene bellidifolia Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 33 (1835), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene bernardina S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 24: 82 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. bernardina
Name: Palmer´s catchfly
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene montana subsp. bernardina (S.Watson) C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 30 (1947)
= Silene montana var. viscida L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 25 (1930)
= Silene occidentalis var. nancta Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 507 (1915)
= Silene shockleyi S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 25: 127 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. maguirei Bocquet; Candollea 20: 49 (1965)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
variant :
var. rigidula (B.L.Rob.) Tiehm; Brittonia 37(4): 346 (1985)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene montana var. rigidula B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 140 (1893)
variant :
var. sierrae (C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire) Bocquet; Candollea 20: 50 (1965)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene montana var. sierrae C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 30 (1947)
species :
Silene bersieri Bocquet; Candollea 22: 34 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
species :
Silene berthelotiana Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 100 (1888)
Name: Berthelots Leimkraut (DE); Canutillo de Berthelot (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, ?Hierro)
21 CNY
species :
Silene betpakdalensis Bajtenov; Fl. Kazakhst. 3: 382, 434 (1960)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Silene biafrae Hook.f.; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 183 (1864)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN VU (Cameroon)
species :
Silene biappendiculata Ehrenb. ex Rohrb.; Bot. Zeit. 25: 82 (1867)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 EGY LBY 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene canopica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 596 (1867) (non Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 406 (1825))
= Silene nudicaulis Ehrenb. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 105 (1869)
= Silene oliveriana Boiss. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 105 (1869)
= Silene ptolemaica Ehrenb. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 105 (1869)
species :
Silene bilgilii E.Dogan & H.Duman; Phytotaxa 246(4): 294 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene bilingua W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 220-221 (1919)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium bilinguum (W.W.Sm.) Pax & K.Hoffm.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 16c: 343 (1934)
species :
Silene birandiana Ekim; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 42: 85 (1984)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene birgittae Bocquet; Candollea 22: 17 (1967)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Silene bitlisensis Tugay & Ertugrul; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 156(3): 463 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene blepharicalyx Lidén; Edinburgh J. Bot. 80-367: 18 (2023)
Distribution: Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal)
40 IND NEP
species :
Silene bobrovii Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 679, 889 (1936)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Silene bocquetiana Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(2): 65 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene bolanderi A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 830 (1868)
Name: Bolander´s silene
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium bolanderi (A.Gray) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 232 (1869)
= Silene hookeri subsp. bolanderi (A.Gray) Abrams; L. Abrams and R. S. Ferris, Ill. Fl. Pacific States. 2: 162 (1944)
species :
Silene bolanthoides Quézel, Contandr. & Pamukç.; Candollea 25: 356 (1970)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene borderei Jord.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon ser. 2, 12: 445 (1866)
Distribution: NE-Spain (Pyrenees); SW-France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene ciliata subsp. borderei (Jord.) Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 2: 31 (1913)
species :
Silene boryi Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 19 (1838)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: vallesia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Saponaria saxatilis Bory; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 3: 13 (1820)
= Silene boryi proles duriensis (Samp.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 301 (1911)
= Silene boryi subsp. barduliensis Romo; Folia Bot. Misc. 3: 59 (1982)
= Silene boryi subsp. duriensis (Samp.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 220 (1913)
= Silene boryi subsp. penyalarensis (Pau) Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 21: 214 (1963)
= Silene boryi subsp. tejedensis (Boiss.) Rivas Mart.; Publ. Inst. Biol. Aplcada 42: 114 (1967)
= Silene boryi var. atlantica Maire; [nom. inval.]
= Silene boryi var. duriensis Samp.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 7: 112 (1901)
= Silene boryi var. latifolia (Cuatrec.) Romo; Folia Bot. Misc. 3: 61 (1982)
= Silene boryi var. longifolia Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 8: 115 (1909)
= Silene boryi var. ouensae Coss. ex Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 141 (1963)
= Silene boryi var. penyalarensis Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nai. 11: 41 (1912)
= Silene boryi var. ramburiana (Webb) Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 8: 115 (1909)
= Silene boryi var. tejedensis (Boiss.) Rohrb.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 8: 373 (1867)
= Silene boryi var. thalackeri Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 8: 115 (1909)
= Silene duriensis (Samp.) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 14: 151 (1921)
= Silene longiflora Bory; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 3: 14 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Silene ouensae Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 22: 55 (1875) nom. nud.
= Silene ramburiana Webb; Iter Hispan. [Webb] 64 (1838)
= Silene tejedensis Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 20 (1838)
= Silene tuba Ehrenb. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 130 (1869), nom. inval.
species :
Silene borysthenica (Gruner) Walters; Feddes Reprt. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 69: 47 (1964)
Distribution: Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Serbia; ?Macedonia; ?Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; China (N-Xinjiang); Mongolia
11 HUN POL SLO 13 BUL ROM SRB 14 BLR KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: otites agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus parviflorus Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 143 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Otites borysthenicus (Gruner) Klokov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) (Kiev) 5(1): 22 (1948)
= Otites borysthenicus subsp. parviflorus (Hornem.) Holub
= Otites parviflorus (Hornem.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 16: 346 (1868)
= Silene borysthenica subsp. parviflora (Hornem.) Sourková; Preslia 49(1): 12(1977)
= Silene ehrhartiana Soó; Bot. Közlem. 49: 163 (1961), nom. inval.
= Silene otites subsp. parviflora (Hornem.) Schmalh.; Flor. Sredn. Juzn. Rossii 1: 143 (1895)
= Silene otites var. borysthenica Gruner; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 126 (1868)
= Silene parviflora (Ehrh.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 497 (1805) (non Moench, Methodus: 708 (1794))
= Viscago parviflora Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 411 (1813)
species :
Silene bourgaei Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 100 (1887)
Name: Bourgeaus Leimkraut (DE); Canutillo gomero (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Gomera)
21 CNY
species :
Silene boyd-klineana Halda, P.Gustafson & Vostrák; Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 12(1): 2 (2005)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Silene brahuica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 615 (1867)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene brahuica subsp. megacalyx Kamelin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 58(5): 628 (1973)
species :
Silene breviauriculata Ghaz.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(1): 99 (1983)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul, Laghman, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar)
34 AFG
species :
Silene brevicalyx Hartvig & Strid; Bot. Jahrb. 108: 323, f. 12 A-D (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene brevicaulis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 34 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene antitaurica Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 273 (1957)
= Silene brevicaulis var. latifolia Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 623 (1867)
species :
Silene brevistaminea Gilli; Feddes Repert. 59: 175 (1956)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Parwan)
34 AFG
species :
Silene bridgesii Rohrb.; Index Sem. Hort. Berol. App. 2: 5 (1867)
Name: Bridges´ catchfly
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe bridgesii (Rohrb.) Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 200 (1869)
= Silene engelmannii Rohrb.; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1867(App. 2): 5 (1867)
= Silene engelmannii var. behrii Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 264 (1870)
= Silene incompta A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 330 (1868)
= Silene longistylis Engelm. ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 469 (1887)
= Silene multicaulis Durand; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 2, 3: 83 (1855), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene bucharica Popov; Korovin, Kult. & Popov, Descr. Pl. Nov. Turkmenistan. (Bodenk. R. Pflanzengeogr. Beob. u. Unters. 1: Flussgeb. d. Amu Darya u. Syr Darya, II.), 43 (1916)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Silene bungei Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 15-16 (1967), nom. nov.
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Swat)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ UZB 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Gastrolychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis tristis (Bunge) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 161 (1981), isonym
= Gastrolychnis tristis (Bunge) Rupr.; Beitr. Pfl. Russ. Reich. 7: 31 (1845)
= Gastrolychnis uniflora (Ledeb.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(11): 101 (2000)
= Lychnis apetala var. uniflora (Ledeb.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 572 (1862)
= Lychnis tristis Bunge; Fl. Altaic. 2: 184-185 (1830) (not Salisbury (1796))
= Lychnis uniflora Ledeb.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg Hist. Acad. 5: 536 (1815)
= Melandrium preslii Czerw. & Warsz.; Index Seminum (KRA, Cracow) 1864: 11 (1865), nom. superfl.
= Melandrium triste (Bunge) Fenzl; Fl. Ross. 1: 326 (1842)
= Wahlbergella tristis (Bunge) Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 39: 386 (1889)
species :
Silene bupleuroides L.; Sp. Pl.: 421 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. bupleuroides
Name: Hasenohr-Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Serbia; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; C-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Turkmenistan; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
11 aut CZE ger HUN SLO 13 ALB BUL GRC NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 32 TKM 33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene involuta Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 210 (1775)
= Silene juncea Roth; Catal. Bot. 1: 54 (1797)
= Silene longiflora Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. 7: 144 (1792)
= Silene longiflora var. alpigena Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 639 (1867)
= Silene makmeliana Boiss. & Buhse; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 639 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Silene mariae Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 657 (1952)
= Silene megalocalyx Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 82 (1895)
= Silene montifuga Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 656 (1952)
= Silene odessana Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 657 (1952)
= Silene pallida Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 12 (1853)
= Silene ucrainica Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 656 (1952)
= Silene urumovii Jáv.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 17: 69 (1918 publ. 1919)
= Silene viscariifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 1: 30 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. ramosa Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 255 (1957)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
subspecies :
subsp. solenocalyx (Boiss. & A.Huet) Melzh.; Fl. Iran, 163: 399 (1988)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene bupleuroides var. solenocalyx Boiss. & A.Huet; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 57 (1856)
= Silene caramanica var. solenocalyx (Boiss. & A.Huet) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 642 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. staticifolia (Sm.) Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 255 (1957)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene longiflora subsp. staticifolia (Sm.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 281 (1924)
= Silene othryana Formánek; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 15: 198 (1897)
= Silene regis-ferdinandii Degen & Urum.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 11: 2. (1912)
= Silene staticifolia Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 301 (1809)
species :
Silene burchellii Otth ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 374 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. burchellii
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cernua Bartl.; Linnaea 7: 623 (1832)
= Silene crassifolia Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 81 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Silene piloselloides G.Don; Gen. Syst. 1: 404 (1831)
= Silene thunbergiana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 32 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. modesta J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 42(2): 170 (2012)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (E-Cape Prov., Northern Province, North-West Province, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen)
20 EGY 23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene acuta E.Mey.; Drège, Zwei Pflanzengeogr. Dokum.: 222 (1843), nom. inval.
= Silene burchellii var. latifolia Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 128 (1860)
= Silene burchellii var. macropetala Turrill; Kew Bull. 9: 57 (1954)
= Silene burchellii var. macrorrhiza R.E.Fr.; Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912 1: 37 (1914)
= Silene burchellii var. maschonica Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 382 (1912)
= Silene burchellii var. meruensis (Engl.) Weim.; Bot. Notiser 1934: 91 (1934)
= Silene meruensis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 382 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. multiflora J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 42(2): 172 (2012)
Distribution: Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
subspecies :
subsp. pilosellifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 42(2): 169 (2012)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene burchellii var. angustifolia Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 128 (1860)
= Silene burchellii var. cernua Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 121 (1868), nom. superfl.
= Silene burchellii var. pilosellifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 128 (1860)
= Silene dinteri Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 383 (1912)
= Silene pilosellifolia Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 41 (1826)
species :
Silene burmanica Collett & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 23 (1890)
Distribution: Myanmar; N-Thailand
41 MYA THA
species :
Silene caesarea Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 6: 31 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene idrisiaca Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 89: 114 (1936)
species :
Silene caesia Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 294 (1809)
Distribution: Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna caesia (Sm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 12: 427 (1977)
= Silene caesia var. pindica Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 159 (1900)
species :
Silene caespitella F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38: 403 (1909)
Distribution: China (SE-Qinghai, SW-Sichuan, W-Sichuan); SE-Tibet; S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium neocaespitosum Tsui; Fl. Xizangica 1: 720, f. 232, 10-14 (1983)
= Melandrium xainzaense L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 718, f. 229, 4-6 (1983)
= Silene maheshwarii Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 4-5 (1967)
species :
Silene calabra Brullo, Scelsi & Spamp.; Bocconea 5: 517 (1997)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
species :
Silene cambessedesii Boiss. & Reut.; Pugillus Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 18 (1852)
Distribution: Spain (Castellon); Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL SPA
Remarks: littorea agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene adscendens var. nana (Cambess.) Pau; Brotéria 3: 174 (1934)
= Silene littorea subsp. nana (Cambess.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 2: 733 (1990)
= Silene littorea var. cambessedesii (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 96 (1878)
= Silene littorea var. nana (Cambess.) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 1: 471 (1921)
= Silene villosa var. nana Cambess.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 14: 221 (1827)
species :
Silene campanula Pers.; Syn, Pl. 1: 500 (1805)
Name: Schmalblättriges Leimkraut
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus alpestris All.; Auct. Fl. Pedem.: 28 (1789)
species :
Silene canariensis Willd. ex Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 3: 60 (1822)
Distribution: +Canary Isl. (+Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Remarks: status uncertain, probably extinct
species :
Silene cancellata (Jacquem. ex Edgew. & Hook.f.) Majumdar; J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 42: 650 (1964)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis cancellata Jacquem. ex Edgew. & Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India [Hook.f.] 1(2): 226 (1874)
species :
Silene capillipes Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 5: 55 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene capitata Kom.; Acta Horti Petrop. 18(6): 440 (1901)
Distribution: China (Jilin); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium capitatum (Kom.) T.Mori; Enum. Pl. Corea: 145 (1922)
species :
Silene capitellata Boiss.; Diagn, ser. 1, 1: 25 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Silene cappadocica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 86 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
Remarks: spergulifolia agg. Often included in S. argentea
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene bupleuroides Heldr. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 8: 90 (1846) non L.
species :
Silene caramanica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 8: 90 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene porteri Post ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl. 104 (1888)
variant :
var. ilarslanii Aytaç & Dural; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 41(3): 219 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. idaea (Hausskn.) Yildiz & Çirpici; Türk. Bitkileri List. 356 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene idaea Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5: 49 (1893)
= Silene sipylea O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. 36: 80 (1934)
species :
Silene cardiopetala Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 419 (1886)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium cardiopetalum (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 204 (1929)
= Silene cardiopetala var. verticillata C.Y.Wu; Vasc. Pl. Hengduan Mount. 1: 430 (1993), anglice, without type
species :
Silene cariensis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 40 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. cariensis
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. muglae Vural & Dönmez; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39(2): 157 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene rhadinocalyx Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 8 (1886)
species :
Silene caroli-henrici Melzh.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 150: 310 (1985)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene caroliniana Walter; Fl. Carol. 142 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. caroliniana
Name: Sticky catchfly
Distribution: USA (Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
subspecies :
subsp. pensylvanica (Michx.) R.T.Clausen; Rhodora. 41: 580 (1939)
Name: Pennsylvania catchfly
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium pensylvanicum (Michx.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 232 (1869)
= Silene caroliniana var. pensylvanica (Michx.) Fernald; Rhodora 42: 260 (1940)
= Silene cheiranthoides Poir.; Encyc. 7: 176 (1806)
= Silene incarnata G.Lodd.; Bot. Cab. 1: t. 41 (1817)
= Silene pensylvanica Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 272 (1803)
= Silene platypetala Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 383 (1824)
= Silene rubicunda A.Dietr.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 3: 195 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. wherryi (Small) R.T.Clausen; Rhodora. 41: 582 (1939)
Name: Wherry´s catchfly
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene caroliniana var. wherryi (Small) Fernald; Rhodora 42: 260 (1940)
= Silene wherryi Small; Torreya 26: 66 (1926)
species :
Silene cartilaginea Hub.-Mor.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 1 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene caryophylloides (Poir.) Otth; DC., Prodr. 1: 369 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. caryophylloides
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus caryophylloides Poir.; Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 2: 416 (1812) (basio´n.)
subspecies :
subsp. binbogaensis H.Duman & Vural; Turkish J. Bot. 19(4): 478 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. echinus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 6. (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene echinus Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 56 (1856)
= Silene subulata Heldr. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 56 (1856), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. eglandulosa (Chowdhuri) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 6. (1967)
Distribution: Crimea; Turkey
14 KRY 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene masmenaea var. eglandulosa Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 270 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. masmenaea (Boiss.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 6. (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene masmenaea Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 57 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. stentoria (Fenzl) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 6. (1967)
Distribution: Turkey; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 IRQ LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene caryophylloides subsp. subulata (Boiss.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 6 (1967)
= Silene caryophylloides var. nardifolia Boiss. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 127 (1868)
= Silene nardifolia Boiss. & A.Huet; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 56 (1856)
= Silene stentoria Fenzl; Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 9 (1842)
species :
Silene cashmeriana (Royle ex Benth.) Majumdar; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 649 (1964)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Poonch)
36 TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis cashmeriana Royle ex Benth.; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 80 (1834)
= Melandrium cashmerianum (Royle ex Benth.) Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 280 (1842)
= Melandrium dingriense Tsui & P.Ke ex L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 716, f. 227, 1-4 (1983)
= Silene indica var. cashmeriana (Royle ex Benth.) Y.J.Nasir; Fl. Pakistan 175: 71 (1986)
species :
Silene catholica (L.) W.T.Aiton; Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 3: 85 (1811)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus catholicus L.; Sp. Pl.: 415 (1753)
= Cucubalus glutinosus Retz.; Obs. 2: 18 (1781)
= Silene glutinosa (Retz.) Pers.; Syn. 1: 498 (1805)
= Silene mussinii Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 1: 415 (1815)
= Viscago catholica (L.) Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 410 (1813)
= Viscago fusca Moench; Methodus 704 (1794)
species :
Silene cattariniana Ferrarini & Cecchi; Webbia 56(2): 252 (2001)
Distribution: C-Italy (Apennines)
13 ITA
Remarks: vallesia agg.
species :
Silene caucasica (Bunge) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 622 (1867)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene vallesia var. caucasica Bunge; Index Sem. Horti Dorpat. 7 (1837)
= Silene tatjanae Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 668 (1936), rossice, et Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 179 (1937), latine
species :
Silene caudata Ovcz.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 566, 663 (1968)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Silene cephallenia Heldr.; Fl. Céphalonie: 26 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. cephallenia
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: sect. Saxifragoideae
subspecies :
subsp. epirotica Melzh.; Bot. Jahrh. Syst. 98: 51 (1977)
Distribution: Albania; NW-Greece
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene linifolia var. glandulosa Bald.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 617 (1896)
species :
Silene cespitosa Steven; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 262 (1812)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Silene chaetodonta Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 39 (1843)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Farah, Faryab, Herat, Kandahar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Samangan); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); NW-Pakistan
32 TKM UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ SYR TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene chaetodonta var. pittodes Bienert ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 606 (1867)
= Silene debilis Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 14 (1886)
species :
Silene chaetodontoidea Parsa; Fl. Iran 8: 241, 28 5 (1960)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene chalcedonica (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 5: 96 (1901)
Name: Scharlach-Lichtnelke, Brennende Liebe (DE), Maltese Cross (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Estonia [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk); Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang, Gansu); Taiwan [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Maine [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I])
11 ger slo 14 BLR est RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 38 tai 41 vie 42 jaw 50 aus 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma chalcedonica (L.) Döll; 643 (1843)
= Lychnis bicolor Czerw. & L.Schwarz; Index Seminum (KRA, Cracow) 1875: 14 (1876), nom. superfl.
= Lychnis chalcedonica L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 436 (1753)
= Lychnis fulgida Moench; Methodus 709 (1794), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene chamarensis Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 15: 578 (1842)
Distribution: C-European Russia (Ural); N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Magadan); Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus striatus Willd. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 777 (1843)
= Cucubalus strictus Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 306 (1842), nom. inval.
= Gastrolychnis pauciflora (Ledeb.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(11): 100 (2000)
= Lychnis apetala Turcz. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 81 (1841), nom. inval.
= Lychnis pauciflora Ledeb.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg Hist. Acad. 5: 537 (1815)
= Melandrium pauciflorum (Ledeb.) Ostenf.; Meddel. Grønland 64: 173 (1923)
= Saponaria alpina Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 34 (1776)
= Saponaria lutea Pall. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 306 (1842), nom. inval.
= Silene chamarensis subsp. paucifolia (Ledeb.) Kuvaev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 66: 949 (1981)
= Silene chamarensis subsp. udocanica (Peschkova) N.V.Vlassova; Rast. Mir Aziatsk. Rossii 3(31): 40 (2018)
= Silene chamarensis var. udocanica Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 1: 325 (1979)
= Silene graminifolia lusus multiflora Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 551 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia var. chamarensis (Turcz.) Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 65 (1858)
= Silene graminifolia var. paucifolia (Ledeb.) Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 66 (1858)
= Silene paucifolia Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 306 (1842)
= Silene tenuis subsp. chamarensis (Turcz.) Kozhevn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 22: 110 (1985)
= Silene tenuis subsp. paucifolia (Ledeb.) Kozhevn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 22: 110 (1985)
= Wahlbergella pauciflora (Ledeb.) Steffen; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 44(2): 301 (1928)
species :
Silene chersonensis (Zapal.) Kleopow; Izv. Kievsk. Bot. Sada 9: 9 (1929)
Distribution: Romania; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea
13 ROM 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites artemisetorum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 4: 657 (1952)
= Otites chersonensis (Zapal.) Klokov; Bot. Zurn. (Kiev) 5(1): 25 (1948)
= Otites moldavicus Klokov; Bot. Zurn. (Kiev) 5(1): 24 (1948)
= Silene artemisetorum (Klokov) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 169 (1981)
= Silene chersonensis subsp. littoralis Kleopow
= Silene densiflora var. chersonensis Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 3: 489 (1911)
= Silene moldavica (Klokov) Sourková; Preslia 49(1): 12 (1977)
species :
Silene chihuahuensis Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 17: 190 (1937)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
79 MEX
species :
Silene chilensis (Naudin) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 36 (1967)
Distribution: Ecuador; Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Coquimbo, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Magallanes)
83 BOL ECU 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis chilensis Naudin; Gay, Fl. Chil. 1: 256 (1846)
= Lychnis terminalis Gay; Fl. Chil. 1: 255 (1846)
= Melandrium andicola var. nubigenum Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 326 (1895)
= Melandrium chilense (Naudin) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 222 (1869 publ. 1870)
= Melandrium koslowskii Dusén; Ark. Bot. 7(2): 18 (1907)
= Melandrium terminale (Gay) Reiche & Johow; Reiche, Fl. Chile 1: 177 (1895)
= Silene nubigena Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 21: 378 (1862)
species :
Silene chirensis A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 44 (1847)
Distribution: SE-Egypt; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Saudi Arabia; Oman; N-Yemen
20 EGY 24 ERI ETH SOM SUD 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene arabica F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 66 (1896), nom. illeg., non Boiss.
= Silene brachystachys Webb; Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt.: 34 (1854)
= Silene burchellii var. schweinfurthii (Rohrb.) Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 16 (1972 publ. 1974)
= Silene chirensis var. macropetala Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7(App. 2): 173 (1896)
= Silene chirensis var. schweinfurthii (Rohrb.) Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7(App. 2): 173 (1896)
= Silene hochstetteri Rohrb.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 25: 81 (1867)
= Silene schimperiana Hochst. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 120 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene schweinfurthii Rohrb.; Bot. Zeit. 25: 82 (1867)
species :
Silene chlorantha (Willd.) Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. 7: 144 (1792)
Name: Grünblütiges Leimkraut (DE), Yellowgreen catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Sachsen); Poland; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; USA [I] (Indiana [I])
11 GER POL 13 BUL KOS ROM SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus chloranthus Willd.; Prodr. Fl. Berol.: 155 (1787)
= Silene chlorantha f. copiosa Zapal.; 141 (1911)
= Silene chlorantha f. latior Zapal.; 141 (1911)
= Silene chlorantha f. occidentalis Zapal.; 141 (1911)
= Silene chlorantha f. pauciflora Zapal.; 142 (1911)
= Silene chlorantha var. mohileviensis Zapal.; 142 (1911)
= Silene elata Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 370 (1824)
= Silene subspathulata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 102 (1866)
= Viscago chlorantha (Willd.) Moench; Methodus 704 (1794)
species :
Silene chlorifolia Sm.; Pl. Icon.: 13 (1789)
Name: Blaugrünes Leimkraut (DE); Bluish Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. +Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon)
13 GRC TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ LEB TUR
Remarks: chlorifolia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene chlorifolia f. macrocalyx Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28: 144 (1911)
= Silene dianthoides K.F.Schimp. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 178 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene perfoliata Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 384 (1824)
= Silene smithii J.F.Gmel.; Syst. 714 (1791), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Silene chloropetala Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 195 (1869)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Silene chodatii Bocquet; Candollea 22: 18 (1967)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. pygmaea Bocquet; Candollea 22: 19 (1967)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene graminoidea C.Y.Wu & C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4(2): 145-146, f. 1, 1-5 (1982)
species :
Silene choulettii Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 9: 169 (1862)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene christodouloui-zarkosii Kit Tan & G.Vold; Phytol. Balcan. 24(2): 263-292 (2018)
Distribution: Greece (Achaia, Korinthia)
13 GRC
species :
Silene chubutensis (Speg.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 37 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz); Chile (Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis chubutensis Speg.; Rev. Agron. La Plata, 596 (1897)
= Melandrium chubutense (Speg.) Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 7: 240 (1902)
species :
Silene chungtienensis W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 221-222 (1919)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium chungtienense (W.W.Sm.) Pax & K.Hoffm.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 16c: 343 (1934)
= Silene flavovirens C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4: 146-147, f. 2 (1982)
species :
Silene ciliata Pourr.; Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 329 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. ciliata
Distribution: Spain; Andorra; S-France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncerum ciliatum (Pourr.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 256 (1867)
= Silene biflora Willd. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 124 (1869)
= Silene campanula Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 248 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Silene ciliata subsp. geniculata (Pourr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 92 (1878)
= Silene ciliata var. angustifolia Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov.: t. 42 (1856)
= Silene ciliata var. geniculata (Pourr.) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 756 (1805)
= Silene ciliata var. hispanica Amo; Fl. Fan. Peníns. Ibérica 6: 196 (1878)
= Silene ciliata var. pyrenaica Amo; Fl. Fan. Peníns. Ibérica 6: 196 (1878), nom. illeg.
= Silene geniculata Pourr.; Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 328 (1788)
= Silene pourretii Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 151 (1817), nom. nov. superfl.
= Silene stellata Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées 1: 245 (1813), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. arvatica (Lag.) Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 21: 214 (1963)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: ciliata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene arvatica Lag.; Varied. Ci. 2(4): 212 (1805)
= Silene arvatica var. intermedia Caball.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 5: 512 (1945)
= Silene ciliata proles elegans (Link ex Brot.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 301 (1911)
= Silene ciliata subsp. elegans (Link ex Brot.) Rivas Mart.; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 36: 308 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Silene ciliata var. arvatica (Lag.) Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 8: 51 (1908)
= Silene ciliata var. elegans (Link ex Brot.) Pau & Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 207 (1905)
= Silene elegans Link ex Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 185 (1804)
= Silene punctata Bubani ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 92 (1878), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. graefferi (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. (1878)
Distribution: Italy; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC ITA KOS NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene graefferi Guss.; Index Sem. Hort. Roccadifaico 1825: 11 (1825)
= Silene perinica Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 334 (1924)
= Silene roeseri Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. II. 1: 77 (1854)
species :
Silene cinerea Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 355 (1798)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
species :
Silene cintrana Rothm.; Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 13: 275 (1939)
Distribution: WC-Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: italica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene longicilia subsp. cintrana (Rothm.) Jeanm.; Willdenowia 14: 46 (1984)
= Silene hifacensis subsp. cintrana (Rothm.) Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 110(89 Sess. Extr.): 129 (1966)
species :
Silene circumcarmanica F.Jafari, Gholipour, Mirtadz. & Pourmirzaei; Phytotaxa 425(1): 39 (2019)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene cirpicii K.Yildiz & Dadandi; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 46: 464 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene cirtensis Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 328 (1875)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cinerea var. cirtensis (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 131 (1888)
species :
Silene citrina Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Suppl. 101 (1888)
Distribution: Afghanistan; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Swat, Chitral)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis cabulica Aitch.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 153 (1882)
species :
Silene claryi Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: LXVIII (1910)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene claviformis Litv.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 3: 99 (1907)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene heptapotamica Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 651 (1936), rossice
species :
Silene clokeyi C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 38 (1947)
Name: Clokey´s catchfly
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
76 USA
Remarks: possible synonym of S. petersonii
species :
Silene cobalticola P.A.Duvign. & Plancke; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 91: 121 (1959)
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Silene cognata (Maxim.) H.Ohashi & H.Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 71: 269 (1996)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis cognata f. albiflora W.Lee; Lineamenta Florae Koreae 256 (1996)
= Lychnis cognata Maxim.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 9: 55 (1859)
= Lychnis fulgens var. cognata (Maxim.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(4): 576 (1861)
species :
Silene colorata Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 163 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. colorata
Name: Farbiges Leimkraut (DE); Dwarf Pink Star (EN); Conejera colorada (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Yemen (Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Rawalpindi, Salt Range); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I])
11 ger 12 GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU YEM 40 ind PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium intrusum Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 233 (1869)
= Silene battandiereana Hochr.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 7-8: 136 (1904)
= Silene bifida Retz.; Hoffm. Phytog. Blaetter 1: 37 (1803)
= Silene bipartita Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 352 (1798)
= Silene bipartita var. angustifolia Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 1: 46 (1851)
= Silene bipartita var. canescens (Ten.) Soy.-Will. & Godr.; Monogr. Silene Alg.: 27 (1851)
= Silene bipartita var. eriocaulon Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 597 (1867)
= Silene bipartita var. parviflora (Willk.) Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan. 4: 112 (1865)
= Silene bipartita var. spathulifolia Soy.-Will. & Godr.; Monogr. Silene Alg.: 27 (1851)
= Silene bipartita var. stenophylla Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 597 (1867)
= Silene boissieri Tineo ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 115 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene canescens Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XXV (1811)
= Silene ciliata Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 2: 692 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Silene colorata subsp. bipartita (Desf.) Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(1): 117 (1913)
= Silene colorata subsp. canescens (Ten.) Cif. & Giacom.; Nom. Fl. Ital.: 285 (1954) (comb. inval.)
= Silene colorata subsp. decumbens (Biv.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, l(2): 73 (1914)
= Silene colorata subsp. pubicalycina (Fenzl) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 115 (1963) (comb. inval.)
= Silene colorata subsp. saxicola (Rouy) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2(1): 55 (1889)
= Silene colorata var. acutifolia Pérez Lara; Willkomm, Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 279 (1893), nom. nud.
= Silene colorata var. angustifolia (Willk.) Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 652 (1878)
= Silene colorata var. canescens (Ten.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 225 (1932)
= Silene colorata var. decumbens (Biv.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 115 (1869)
= Silene colorata var. lanigera Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 190 (1936)
= Silene colorata var. pallida Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 37 (1931)
= Silene colorata var. parviflora (Willk.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 652 (1878)
= Silene colorata var. spathulifolia (Soy.-Will. & Godr.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 134 (1888)
= Silene colorata var. stenophylla (Boiss.) Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 1: 178 (1932)
= Silene colorata var. vulgaris Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. 1: 45 (1851)
= Silene decumbens Biv.; Sicul. Pl. Cent. 1: 75 (1806)
= Silene diffusa Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 373 (1824)
= Silene duriaei Spach ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 116 (1869)
= Silene eremophila Bien. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 594 (1867)
= Silene eriophora Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 408 (1825)
= Silene hirsuta var. sabuletorum (Link) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 648 (1878)
= Silene hispanica Jacq.; Fragm. Bot.: 47 (1806)
= Silene intrusa Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 42 (1834)
= Silene pernoctans Link ex Spreng.; Syst. 2: 408 (1825)
= Silene pilosa Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 652 (1874), nom. inval.
= Silene pteropleura Coss. ex Batt. & Trab.; Fl. de l´Alger. (Dicot.) 134 (1888), nom. inval.
= Silene puberula Bertol.; Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 6: 221 (1842)
= Silene pyrenaica Pourr. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 115 (1869)
= Silene saxicola Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 29: 43 (1882)
= Silene scabriflora var. sabuletorum (Link) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 300 (1911)
= Silene sericea Bertol.; Amoen. Ital. 27 (1819) non All.
= Silene sericea subsp. colorata (Poir.) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 71 (1896)
= Silene sericea var. balearica Willk.; Linnaea 40: 118 (1876)
= Silene sericea var. bipartita (Desf.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 94 (1900)
= Silene sericea var. lasiocalyx (Soy.-Will. & Godr.) C.Vicioso; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6: 26 (1948)
= Silene sicula Ker Gawl. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 115 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene tubiflora Dufour ex Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(II): 370 (1854 publ. 1855)
= Silene vespertina var. pubicalycina Fenzl; Advers. Bot. Sem. 1849: 2 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. amphorina (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie 1: 134 (1888)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica subsp. amphorina (Pomel) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; J. Ind. Bot. Soc., 50A: 374 (1971)
= Pleconax amphorina (Pomel) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr, 119 (4-5): 579 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Pleconax conica subsp. amphorina (Pomel) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia. 4(1): 14 (1974)
= Silene amphorina Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant.: 330 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. benoistii (Maire) Sauvage; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien, Ser. Bot. 22: 64 (1961)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene benoistii Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 75 (1925)
= Silene colorata var. benoistii (Maire) Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 20 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. trichocalycina (Fenzl) Maire; Fl. Afrique N 10: 117 (1963)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene bipartita var. decumbens Soy.-Will. & Godr.; Monogr. Silene Alg.: 27 (1851)
= Silene bipartita var. lasiocalyx Soy.-Will. & Godr.; Monogr. Silene Alg.: 26 (1851)
= Silene bipartita var. pteropleura Coss.; Pl. Alg. [Bourgeau]: no. 224 (1856)
= Silene colorata var. crassifolia (Moris) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 117 (1963)
= Silene colorata var. distachya (Brot.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 115 (1869)
= Silene colorata var. lasiocalyx (Soy.-Will. & Godr.) Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 358 (1877)
= Silene colorata var. monticola Murb.; Contr. Fl. Tunisie [Murbeck] 5, Acta Univ. Lund. 1(4): 29 (1905)
= Silene colorata var. pteropleura Coss. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 116 (1869)
= Silene colorata var. villosissima Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 266 (1939)
= Silene distachya Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 189 (1805)
= Silene sericea var. crassifolia Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 253 (1837)
= Silene vespertina var. trichocalycina Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851)
species :
Silene commelinifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 35 (1843)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene commelinifolia subsp. isophylla (Bornm.) Assadi; Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 168: 833 (2023)
= Silene commelinifolia var. heterophylla (Freyn) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 32(2): 264 (1914)
= Silene commelinifolia var. isophylla Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19: 216 (1906)
= Silene commelinifolia var. ovatifolia Melzh.; Fl. Iranica 163: 461 (1988)
= Silene heterophylla Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 585 (1897)
variant :
var. ruscifolia Hub.-Mor. & Reese; Feddes Repert. 52: 44 (1943)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene ruscifolia (Hub.-Mor. & Reese) Hub.-Mor.; Not. Roy, Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 5 (1967)
species :
Silene commutata Guss.; Index Seminum (Boccadifalco) 1826: 9 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. commutata
Name: Veränderliches Leimkraut (DE); Conejera rillabuey (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Turkey; Cyprus; Israel; Jordania
11 CZE ger SLO 12 ADO BAL FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY 33 ARM NCS 34 CYP ISR JOR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Behenantha commutata (Guss.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 198 (1975)
= Oberna behen subsp. commutata (Guss.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(4): 216 (1984 publ. 1986)
= Oberna commutata (Guss.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Rast. 13: 119 (1976)
= Silene bosniaca (Beck) Hand.-Mazz.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 55: 428 (1905)
= Silene commutata var. longifolia Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 669 (1878)
= Silene cucubalus f. rhiphaea (Pau & Font Quer) Emb. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 985 (1941)
= Silene cucubalus subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Janch.; Phyton (Horn) 8: 234 (1959)
= Silene cucubalus subsp. commutata (Guss.) Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(I): 165 (1943)
= Silene cucubalus var. bosniaca Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofnius. 6: 333 (1891)
= Silene cucubalus var. commutata (Guss.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 86 (1869)
= Silene inflata subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 3: 280 (1910)
= Silene inflata var. major Kotschy; Ins. Cypern: 348 (1865), nom. nud.
= Silene venosa var. commutata (Guss.) Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 72 (1914)
= Silene venosa var. rhiphaea Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927, no. 178, in sched. (1928)
= Silene vulgaris f. rhiphaea (Pau & Font Quer) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 220 (1932)
= Silene vulgaris subsp. bosniaca (Beck) Janch. ex Greuter, Burdet & Long
= Silene vulgaris subsp. commutata (Guss.) Hayek; Repert, Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 258 (1924)
= Silene vulgaris var. commutata (Guss.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 3 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. antelopum (Vest) Guarino & Pignatti; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 2: 172 (2017), et Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 4: 920 (2019)
Distribution: Italy (etc.)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Behen antelopum (Vest) E.H.L.Krause; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33: II. 469 (1915)
= Cucubalus antelopum Vest; Flora 4: 149 (1821)
= Cucubalus behen var. antelopum (Vest) Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(2): 285 (1827)
= Oberna antelopum (Vest) Sourková; Preslia 62(2): 165 (1990)
= Oberna behen subsp. antelopum (Vest) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(4): 216 (1984 publ. 1986)
= Silene antelopum (Vest) Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 450 (1840)
= Silene vulgaris var. antelopum (Vest) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 257 (1924)
species :
Silene confertiflora Chowdhry; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 264 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Silene congesta Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 300 (1809)
Distribution: Macedonia; Greece
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: sect. Saxifragoideae
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene congesta subsp. moreana Melzh.; Bot. Jahrh. Syst. 98: 48 (1977)
= Silene delphica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 1: 73 (1854)
species :
Silene conglomeratica Melzh.; Willdenowia 13: 123 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: saxifraga agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene saxifraga var. coenobitarum Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 269 (1924)
species :
Silene conica L.; Sp. Pl.: 418 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. conica
Name: Kegel-Leimkraut (DE); Striped corn catchfly (EN); Cascabelillo (ES)
Distribution: England; Denmark [I]; Netherlands; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], +Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt [I], Thüringen [I]); Switzerland [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, ?Tenerife); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Takhar); Syria (C-Syria); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Kuwait; Qatar [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Delaware [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Washington [I])
10 den GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LUX NET SLO swi 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY MLD UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ SYR TUR 35 KUW qat SAU 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pleconax, conica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Cucubalus conicus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 33 (1779)
= Lychnis conica (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 308 (1771)
= Pleconax conica (L.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4(1): 14 (1974), isonym
= Pleconax conica (L.) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119(4-5): 579 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Pleconax striata Raf.; Autikon Bot. 24 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Silene conica f. uniflora Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1912: 81 (1912)
= Silene conica var. australis Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 16 (1927)
= Silene conica var. gavarniensis Chouard; Bull. Soc. Bot. France (Sess. Extr.): 157 (1949)
= Silene conica var. glandulosa Caldesi; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 339 (1879)
= Silene conoidea Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2, 1: 189 (1778), nom. inval.
= Silene conoidea var. conica (L.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 365 (1898)
= Silene oppositifolia S.G.Gmel. ex J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 717 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. conomaritima Jordanov & Panov; Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Bulg. 3: 598 (1966)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Pleconax conica subsp. conomaritima (Jordanov & Panov) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 110: 579 (1972)
species :
Silene coniflora Nees ex Otth; DC., Prodr. 1: 371 (1824)
Name: Manynerve catchfly
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Pakistan (Khyber); USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico (Baja California [I])
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 PAK 76 usa 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Pleconax
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica subsp. coniflora (Nees ex Otth) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; J. Ind. Bot. Soc., 50A: 374 (1971)
= Pleconax conica subsp. coniflora (Nees ex Otth) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4: 14 (1974)
= Pleconax coniflora (Nees ex Otth) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 110: 579 (1972)
= Pleconax multinervia (Watson) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 119(4-5): 580 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Silene acarpophora Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 172 (1843)
= Silene molopica Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 578 (1867)
= Silene multinervia S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 25: 126 (1898)
species :
Silene conoidea L.; Sp. Pl.: 418 (1753)
Name: Weed silene (EN); Kugel-Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain; +France; Italy [I]; European Turkey; Greece; Belarus [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Canary Isl. (Tenerife); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); China (Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan; Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Idaho [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Oregon [I], Texas [I], Washington [I])
11 ger 12 FRA SPA 13 GRC ita TUE 14 blr 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 21 CNY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU UAE 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK 71 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Pleconax
Synonyms: hidden
= Conosilene conica subsp. conoidea (L.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; J. Ind. Bot. Soc., 50A: 374 (1971?)
= Conosilene conoidea (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Cucubalus conoideus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 27 (1779)
= Pleconax conica subsp. conoidea (L.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4(1): 14 (1974)
= Pleconax conoidea (L.) Sourková; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119(4-5): 579 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Silene conica Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene conica subsp. conoidea (L.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 43 (1894)
= Silene conica var. conoidea (L.) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 112 (1889)
= Silene cylindriflora Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 371 (1824)
= Silene graeca Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851), nom. inval.
species :
Silene cordifolia All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 82 (1785)
Name: Herzblättriges Leimkraut
Distribution: SE-France; Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe cordifolia (All.) Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95(10): 1485 (2010)
species :
Silene corinthiaca Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 96 (1888)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades)
13 GRC
Remarks: reinwardtii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene anastomosans Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 15 (1816)
= Silene bicolor Friv. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 158 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene filiformis Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 376 (1824)
= Silene juncea Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 295 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Silene picta Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 498 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Silene portensis subsp. rigidula Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 190 (1982)
= Silene reticulata Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 426 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Silene rigidula f. major Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 5: 52 (1893)
= Silene rigidula Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr- 1: 299 (1809) (non L., Cent. Pl. 2: 16 (1756))
= Silene syriaca Reut.; Index Seminum (G, Genevensis) 1857: 4 (1857)
species :
Silene coronaria (L.) Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 145 (1811) ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 826 (1832)
Name: Kronen-Lichtnelke, Kranz-Lichtnelke, Vexiernelke (DE), Rose campion (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania [I]; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Moldova [I]; W-Ukraine [I]; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, Nachichevan); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran); China [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan (Hazara); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka [I]); Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I]); Mexico [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; S-Brazil [I]; Chile [I] (Biobío [I], Araucanía [I])
11 aut cze ger hun lie pol slo swi 12 cis fra por spa 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA rom SLV SRB TUE 14 est KRY mld ukr 20 alg mor 31 rfe 32 KAZ TZK 33 AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR 36 chi 38 tai 40 IND PAK 42 jaw 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos 82 clm 83 ecu 84 bra 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma coronaria L.; Sp. Pl.: 436 (1753)
= Agrostemma flos-jovis Pollich; Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 443 (1776) non L.
= Agrostemma grandiflora Döll; Rhein. Fl. 643 (1843)
= Coronaria coriacea (Moench) Schischk. ex Gorschk.; Kom., Fl. SSSR 6: 699 (1936) (nom. illeg.)
= Coronaria coronaria (L.) Huth; Helios 11: 134 (1893), nom. inval.
= Coronaria tomentosa A.Braun; Flora 26: 368 (1843)
= Lychnis coriacea Moench; Methodus 709 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 643 (1792)
species :
Silene corrugata Ball; J. Bot. 11: 301 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Saponaria mogadorensis Coss. ex Pit.; Explor. Sci. Maroc, Bot. 1: 14 (1912), nom. nud.
= Silene adusta Ball; J. Linn. Soc. 16: 360 (1877)
= Silene corrugata var. macrosperma (Coss.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 224 (1932)
= Silene corrugata var. mogadorensis (Coss. & Balansa) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 224 (1932)
= Silene corrugata var. obtusifolia (Coss.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 224 (1932)
= Silene longicaulis var. mogadorensis (Coss. & Balansa) Pau; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1930: no. 198 (1932)
= Silene mogadorensis Coss. & Balansa; Coss. Ill. Fl. Atlant. 1:126, t. 80. 81 (1867)
= Silene mogadorensis var. macrosperma Coss.; Illustr. Fl. Atlant. 1: 127 (1890)
= Silene mogadorensis var. obtusifolia Coss.; Illustr. Fl. Atlant. 1: 127 (1890)
species :
Silene corylina D.F.Chamb. & Collen.; Edinburgh J. Bot. 51(1): 56 (1994)
Distribution: NW-Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Silene coutinhoi Rothm. & P.Silva; Feddes Repert. 52: 279 (1943)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene italica subsp. coutinhoi (Rothm. & P.Silva) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 1: 550. 143 (1971)
= Silene italica subsp. puberula (Cout.) M.Laínz; Aport. Conocim. Fl. Gallega, 7. 5 (1971)
= Silene italica var. puberula Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 221 (1913)
species :
Silene crassifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 597 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. crassifolia
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene natalensis Buchinger ex Krauss; Flora 27: 292 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. primuliflora (Eckl. & Zeyh.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt; Bothalia 42(2): 175 (2012)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene primuliflora Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 32 (1835)
= Silene primuliflora var. ciliata Fenzl ex Sond.; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 1: 129 (1860)
= Silene thunbergiana Krauss ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 122 (1869) non Eckl. & Zeyh.
= Silene vlokii D.Masson; Candollea 44: 485 (1989)
species :
Silene crassipes Fenzl; Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 8. (1842)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia
11 ger 34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene echinata Kotschy ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 172 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene glauca Zea ex Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 153 (1817), nom. inval.
= Silene gonocalyx Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 38 (1843)
= Silene rigida Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 252 (1794)
species :
Silene crassiuscula Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Bacch., Giusso & Ilardi; Phytotaxa 239(1): 31 (2015)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Silene cretacea Fisch.; Spreng. Syst. 2: 405 (1825)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cretacea var. robusta Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1851: [2] (1852)
species :
Silene cretica L.; Sp. Pl.: 420 (1753)
Name: Kretisches Leimkraut (DE); Cretan Catchfly (EN); Colleja rosada (ES)
Distribution: Germany (+Baden-Württemberg, +Bayern, Hessen [I], Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Sachsen [I]); Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Portugal; Spain; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria [I]; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Canary Isl. [I] (La Gomera [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
11 aut cze GER swi 12 cor fra POR sar SPA 13 bul cro GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC slv SRB TUE 21 cny 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: some records may belong to S. tenuiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene angustifolia D.Dietr.; Syn. Plant. 2: 1568 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Silene annulata Thore; Essai Chlor. Landes: 173 (1803)
= Silene clandestina Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Silene constantia Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene costata Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 376 (1824)
= Silene cretica subsp. annulata (Thore) Hayek; Fl. Steiermark 1: 344 (1908)
= Silene cretica var. annulata (Thore) Rohrb.; Monogr. Saxifraga: 135 (1868)
= Silene dilleniana Schott ex Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 264 (1829)
= Silene dillenii Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene lychnidiflora Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 375 (1824)
= Silene nyctantha Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene panormitana Parl. ex Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 610 (1841)
= Silene papillosa Formánek; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 16: 21 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Silene parviflora Moench; Methodus 708 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Silene reticulata Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7 (1851), nom. inval.
species :
Silene crispans Litv.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 3: 99 (1907)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene guadanensis Litv.; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 3: 102 (1907)
species :
Silene crispata Steven; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 29: I. 315 (1856). in textu
Distribution: European Russia; Northern Caucasus
14 RUS 33 NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna
Synonyms: hidden
= Behenantha crispata (Steven) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 198 (1975)
= Oberna crispata (Steven) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 120 (1976)
species :
Silene cryptoneura Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 51: 352 (1886)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene cryptopetala Hillebr.; Fl. Haw. Isl. 29 (1888)
Distribution: +Hawaii (+East Maui)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Extinct
species :
Silene csereii Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 345 (1817) ex Schischk., J. Bot. Gard. Nikita, Crimea 10: Pt. 2, 38 (1928), descr. emend.
subspecies :
subsp. csereii
Name: Balkan catchfly (EN), Cserei-Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Romania; Bulgaria; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Vermont [I], Washington [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I])
11 ger 13 BUL ROM 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 GEO NCS 34 TUR 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, csereii agg. See also other species of the aggregate which are sometimes included here
Synonyms: hidden
= Behen csereii (Baumg.) GusuI.; Savul. Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 2: 131 (1953)
= Behenantha csereii (Baumg.) Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruemt 15: II. 132 (1877)
= Oberna caliacrae (Jordanov & Panov) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Rohem. 12: 427 (1977)
= Oberna csereii (Baumg.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 13: 120 (1976)
= Oberna schottiana (Schur) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(3): 129 (2002)
= Silene alexeji Kolak.; Notul. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 14, 65 (1948)
= Silene caliacrae Jordanov & Panov; Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Bulg. 3: 593 (1966)
= Silene conringiifolia Andrz.; Trud. Kom. Vys. Uchr., Kiev No. 1 (Enum. Pl. Podol.) 19 (1860)
= Silene creticola Kleopow; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, No. 9(17), 120 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Silene csereii f. elatior (Gusul.) Váczy; Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1979: 364 (1979)
= Silene csereii f. pusilla (Savul. & Rayss) Váczy; Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1979: 364 (1979)
= Silene csereii f. tenella (Gusul.) Váczy; Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1979: 364 (1979)
= Silene fabaria var. csereii (Baumg.) Rohrb.; 268 (1869)
= Silene saponariifolia Schott ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1(2): 305 (1842)
= Silene saponariifolia Schott ex Rchb.; 824 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Silene schottiana Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 103 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. aeoniopsis (Bornm.) Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 269 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna aeoniopsis (Bornm.) Fedor.; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 54(1): 74 (1997)
= Silene aeoniopsis Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 89: 112 (1936)
species :
Silene cuatrecasasii Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927: nr. 190 (1928) [in sched.], et Cavanillesia 4: 63(1931), descr. ampl.
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cuatrecasasii var. brachycarpa Font Quer; Cavanillesia 4: 64 (1931)
= Silene cuatrecasasii var. dolichocarpa Font Quer; Cavanillesia 4: 64 (1931)
species :
Silene cuspidata Pedersen; Fl. Patagonica (Colecc. Cient. 8), 4a: 240 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
form :
f. inuncta Pedersen; Fl. Patagonica (Colecc. Cient. 8), 4a: 241 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
species :
Silene cyrenaica Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afiique N. 30: 267 (1939)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene colorata var. cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte; Fl. Lib. Prodr.: 36 (1910)
species :
Silene cyri Schischk.; Izv. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 77: 290 (1927)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
14 RUS 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites cyri (Schischk.) Grossh.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhansk. S. S. R. 2(9): 380 (1946)
= Silene turcomanica Kleopow; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, No. 9 (17), 108 (1936)
species :
Silene cythnia (Halácsy) Walters; Feddes Reprt. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 69: 46 (1964)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene italica var. cythnia Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 184 (1900)
species :
Silene czopandagensis Bondarenko; nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene turcomanica Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 603 (1936), rossice
species :
Silene daenensis Melzh.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 150: 311 (1985), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 IRN LEB
Remarks: vallesia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene sefidiana (Pau) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 190 (1982)
= Silene boryi var. sefidiana Pau; Trab. Mus. Nac. Ci. Nat., Ser. Bot. 14: 12 (1918)
species :
Silene dagestanica Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 194 (1869)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan)
33 NCS
species :
Silene damascena Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 6: 34 (1859)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB
species :
Silene damboldtiana Greuter & Melzh.; Willdenowia 8: 614 (1979), nom. nov.
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
Remarks: italica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene italica var. allchariensis Degen & Dörfl.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 64: 714 (1897)
species :
Silene danaensis Danin; Willdenowia 27(1-2): 166 (1997)
Distribution: W-Jordania
34 JOR
species :
Silene danielii Hadac; Feddes Repert. 81: 466 (1970)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Wakhan)
34 AFG
species :
Silene davidii (Franch.) Oxelman & Lidén; Novon 11: 322. 2001
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Hedona davidii (Franch.) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc. 34: 433 (1899)
= Lychnis davidii Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, Ser. II. 8: 204 (1885 publ. 1886)
= Melandrium caespitosum F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 431 (1899)
= Silene caespitosa Bureau & Franch.; J. Bot. (Morot) 5(2): 22-23 (1891) (not Salisbury (1796, nom. illeg., included S. acaulis Linnaeus), nor S. caespitosa Steven (1812))
= Silene kantzeensis C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 439 (1980)
species :
Silene davidlongii Rajbh. & Mits.Suzuki; J. Jap. Bot. 82(5): 276 (2007)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Silene dawoensis Limpr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 363 (1922)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene longiuscula C.Y.Wu & C.L.Tang; Fl. Yunnanica 6: 837 (1995)
species :
Silene degeneri Sherff; Amer. J. Bot. 33: 502 (1946)
Distribution: +Hawaii (+East Maui)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Extinct
species :
Silene delavayi Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 424 (1886)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis delavayi (Franch.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 7: 302 (1912)
= Melandrium delavayi (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(1): 206 (1929)
species :
Silene delicatula Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 41 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. delicatula
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. pisidica Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 8. (1967)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene demavendica Bornm.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 5: 118 (1905)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Silene demirizii K.Yildiz & Çirpici; Nordic J. Bot. 28: 332 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene denizliensis Aytaç; Thaiszia 8(1): 8 (1998)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene densiflora d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 303 (1822)
Name: Dichtblütiges Leimkraut
Distribution: Bulgaria; S-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Iran (EC-Iran)
13 BUL 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 IRN
Remarks: otites agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites densiflorus (d´Urv.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza [Grossh.] ed. 2, 3: 255 (1945)
= Otites dolichocarpus Klokov; Bot. Zurn. (Kiev) 5(1): 23 (1948)
= Otites exaltatus (Friv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 437 (1970)
= Silene dolichocarpa (Klokov) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 169 (1981)
= Silene exaltata Friv.; Flora 18: 333 (1835)
= Silene macroclada Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 84 (1849)
= Silene otites subsp. densiflora (d´Urv.) Graebn. & Graebn.f.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 197 (1921)
= Silene otites var. densiflora (d´Urv.) Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 369 (1824)
species :
Silene dentipetala H.Chuang; Fl. Yunnanica 6: 836 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Silene depressa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 336 (1808)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene oligantha Besser ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 321 (1842)
species :
Silene dewinteri Bocquet; Bothalia 12(2): 309 (1977)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: sometimes included in S. aethiopica s. lat.
species :
Silene dianthoides Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 500 (1805)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus saxifragus L.; Mant. Pl. 71 (1767)
= Silene calyculata K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 56 (1847)
= Silene froedinii Rech.f.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 75: 350 (1951)
= Silene melanophylla Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 24 (1843)
= Tunica dianthoides (Pers.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 54 (1837)
species :
Silene dichotoma Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. 7: 143 (1792)
Name: Gabel-Leimkraut (DE); Forked Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; +Algeria; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kentucky [I], Maine [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I])
11 CZE ger HUN lux POL SLO swi 12 fra spa 13 BUL CRO GRC ita KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: dichotoma agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene dichotoma f. ellipticifolia Zapal.; 131 (1911)
= Silene dichotoma f. grandilaminata Zapal.; 131 (1911)
= Silene dichotoma f. longiramosa Zapal.; 131 (1911)
= Silene dichotoma subsp. apolonica Panov; Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk, 27(11): 1571 (1974)
= Silene dichotoma subsp. praedichotoma (P.Candargy) Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(I): 166 (1943)
= Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn. & Graebn.f.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 93 (1920)
= Silene dichotoma subsp. sibthorpiana (Rchb.) Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Naturwiss. Math. Kl., Denkschr. 105(I): 166 (1943)
= Silene dichotoma var. podolica Zapal.; 132 (1911)
= Silene divaricata Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 293 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Silene praedichotoma Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 155 (1897)
= Silene racemosa Otth; DC., Prodr. 1: 384 (1824)
= Silene racemosa var. sibthorpiana (Rchb.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 589 (1867)
= Silene sessiliflora Poir.; Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] Suppl. 5. 154 (1817)
= Silene sibthorpiana Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 815 (1832)
= Silene trinervis Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 252 (1794)
species :
Silene diclinis (Lag.) M.Laínz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Asturianos, Supl. Ci. 6: 45 (1963)
Distribution: E-Spain (Valencia)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma dicline (Lag.) G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 416 (1831)
= Agrostemma dioicum Dufour ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 416 (1831)
= Lychnis diclinis Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 15 (1816)
= Melandrium dicline (Lag.) Willk.; lcon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 1: 27 (1853)
= Melandrium setabense J.Gay ex Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 641 (1874)
species :
Silene dieterlei Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 16: 531 (1980)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul); Pakistan (Chitral)
34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Silene dinarica Spreng.; Syst. 2: 405 (1825)
Distribution: Romania (S-Carpathians)
13 ROM
Remarks: acaulis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Saponaria baumgartenii Janka; Linnaea 30: 559 (1859 publ. 1860)
= Silene baumgartenii Schott & Kotschy ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 145 (1869)
= Silene depressa Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 326 (1817), nom. illeg.
= Xamilenis dinarica (Spreng.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 94 (2001)
species :
Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.; Man. Herbor. Suisse: 146 (1811)
subspecies :
subsp. dioica
Name: Rote Lichtnelke (DE), Red catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; San Marino [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Illinois [I], Iowa [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Vermont [I], Washington [I], Wisconsin [I]); Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV sma SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 MOR 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 84 bra 85 arg 91 fal
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma sylvestre (Schkuhr) G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 416 (1831)
= Lychnis arvensis G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2: 117 (1800)
= Lychnis dioecia Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3, errata (1768)
= Lychnis dioica L.; Sp. Pl.: 437 (1753)
= Lychnis dioica subsp. diurna Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 45 (1894)
= Lychnis dioica subsp. rubra Weigel; Fl. Pomer.-Rugic. 85 (1769)
= Lychnis dioica var. alpina Haenke; 57 (1791)
= Lychnis dioica var. campestris Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 286 (1824)
= Lychnis dioica var. diurna (Sibth.) Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 13 (1839)
= Lychnis dioica var. rubra S.Wilcke; 68 (1765), nom. inval.
= Lychnis dioica var. rubra Weigel; Fl. Pomer.-Rugic.: 85 (1769)
= Lychnis dioica var. sylvestris (Schkuhr) Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 286 (1824)
= Lychnis dioica var. sylvestris Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(1): 514 (1789)
= Lychnis dioica var. sylvestris Schkuhr; 403, t. CXXIV (1791), nom. illeg.
= Lychnis dioica var. vespertina (Sibth.) Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 13 (1839)
= Lychnis diurna Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 145 (1794) (nom. illeg.)
= Lychnis diurna var. glaberrima Sekera; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 3(25): 196 (1853)
= Lychnis preslii Sekera; Lotos 3: 134 (1853)
= Lychnis rosea Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 304 (1796)
= Lychnis rubra Weigel ex Patze, E.Mey. & Elkan; Fl. Preuss.: 384 (1849)
= Lychnis silvestris Rafn; Danm. Holst. Fl. 2: 790 (1800)
= Lychnis sylvestris (Roth) Hoppe; 86 (1794)
= Lychnis sylvestris Schkuhr; Bot. Handb. 1: 403 (1791)
= Lychnis vespertina Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 146 (1794) (non Retz., Obs. Bot. 3: 31 (1783))
= Melandrium dioicum (L.) Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris: 28 (1845)
= Melandrium dioicum (L.) Schinz & Thell.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 7: 179 (1907), isonym
= Melandrium dioicum f. glaberrimum (Sekera) D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 1944: 201 (1944)
= Melandrium dioicum f. lacteum (Hartm.) D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 1944: 201 (1944)
= Melandrium dioicum subsp. glaberrimum (Celak.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 77 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Melandrium dioicum subsp. rubrum (Weigel) D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 1944: 200 (1944)
= Melandrium dioicum var. zetlandicum Compton; C. E. Moss, Cambr. Brit. Fl. 3: 73 (1920)
= Melandrium diurnum Fr.; Bot. Notiser 1842: 170 (1842)
= Melandrium diurnum var. expallens Kindb.; 185 (1861)
= Melandrium pratense var. paui Lomax; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 6: 27 (1895)
= Melandrium preslii (Sekera) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 41 (1865), nom. illeg.
= Melandrium purpureum Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 163 (1843)
= Melandrium rubrum (Weigel) Garcke; Fl. N. Mitt.-Deutschland ed. 4: 55 (1858) (nom. illeg.)
= Melandrium rubrum subsp. lacteum (Hartm.) Gürke; K. Richt., 329 (1890)
= Melandrium stenophyllum Schur; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Bruenn 15: II. 130 (1877)
= Melandrium sylvestre (Schkuhr) Röhl.; Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 2: 274 (1812)
= Melandrium sylvestre f. altissimum Zapal.; 273 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre f. fasciculatum Zapal.; 273 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre f. pluriceps Zapal.; 274 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre f. virens Zapal.; 274 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre subsp. glaberrimum (Maly) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 513 (1875)
= Melandrium sylvestre subsp. villosum Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 513 (1875)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. ellipticifolium Zapal.; 274 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. glabrescens Schur
= Melandrium sylvestre var. glandulosum (Brügger) E.Baumann; 310 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. grandiflorum Zapal.; 274 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. lactea Hartm.
= Melandrium sylvestre var. podolicum Zapal.; 274 (1911)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. pygmaeum Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 386 (1824)
= Melandrium sylvestre var. stenophyllum Schur
= Melandrium sylvestre var. villosum Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 513 (1875)
= Saponaria dioica (L.) Moench; Methodus: 76 (1794), isonym
= Saponaria dioica (L.) Willd.; 153 (1787)
= Saponaria diurna Walther; 339 (1802)
= Silene dioica f. lactea (Hartm.) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1129 (1979)
= Silene dioica subsp. glaberrima (Celak.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 150: 126 (1981 publ. 1982), nom. illeg.
= Silene dioica subsp. zetlandica (Compton) Clapham; Clapham et al., Fl. Brit. Isles, ed. 2: 217 (1962)
= Silene dioica var. glaberrima (K.Malý) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1129 (1979)
= Silene dioica var. glabrescens (Schur) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1129 (1979)
= Silene dioica var. glandulosa (Brügger) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, n.s., 120: 163 (1987)
= Silene dioica var. pygmaea (Ser.) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1129 (1979)
= Silene dioica var. smithii (Rune) Ericsson; Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 79(2): 115 (1985)
= Silene dioica var. stenophylla (Schur) Meusel & K.Werner; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 3(2): 1129 (1979)
= Silene dioica var. zetlandica (Compton) Kerguélen; ERICA (France) 10: 10 (1998)
= Silene dioica var. zetlandica (Compton) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 1: 686 (2018)
= Silene diurna (Sibth. ex Walther) Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France [Grenier] 1: 217 (1847)
= Silene hornemannii Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 584 (1841)
= Silene latifolia Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 49 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Silene rubra Burnat; Fl. Alpes Marit. 1: 212 (1892)
= Silene sylvestris (Roth) Clairv.; 146 (1811)
subspecies :
subsp. lapponica (Simmons) Tolm. & Kozhanch.; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 6: 101 (1971)
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium dioicum subsp. lapponicum (Simmons) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 98 (2001)
= Melandrium lapponicum (Simmons) Kuzen.; Pl. Murm. Prov. 3: 242 (1956)
= Melandrium rubrum subsp. lapponicum Simmons; Arkiv f. Botanik 6(17): 6 (1907)
species :
Silene dirphya Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 13: 281 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
Remarks: saxifraga agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Saponaria caespitosa Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 282 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Saponaria smithii Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 367 (1824)
= Silene saxifraga subsp. smithii (Ser.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 92 (1878)
= Silene smithii (Ser.) Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 77 (1854) (non J. F. Gmel. 1791)
species :
Silene discolor Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 292 (1809)
Name: Klebriges Strand-Leimkraut (DE); Discolored Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
13 KRI 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene nicaeensis var. latifolia Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 592 (1867)
= Silene pompeiopolitana J.Gay ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 595 (1867)
= Silene psammica Boiss. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 110 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene setacea Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 372 (1824), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene dissecta Litard. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 4: 6. (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene disticha Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 476 (1809)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; New Zealand [I]
12 BAL POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene chlorantha Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Silene coarctata Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (9)
= Silene congesta Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (9)
= Silene hirsuta Schousb. ex Ball; J. Linn. Soc. 16: 356 (1877), nom. inval.
= Silene hispida Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 476 (1809)
= Silene micropetala Roem. ex Schrank; Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac. 1: t. 39 (1819)
= Silene mutica Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (2)
= Silene parvifolia Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 376 (1824)
= Silene pilosa Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 476 (1809)
= Silene vespertina proles disticha (Willd.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 301 (1911)
= Silene vespertina var. disticha (Willd.) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port.: 84 (1913)
species :
Silene diversifolia Otth; Prodr. [DC.] 1: 378 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. diversifolia
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; Morocco; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote)
12 BAL SPA 20 MOR 21 CNY
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in S. rubella s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene oblongifolia Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 369 (1824)
= Silene rubella subsp. segetalis (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 94 (1878)
= Silene segetalis Dufour; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 7: 241 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. bergiana (Lindm.) L.Medina; Acta Bot. Malac. 40: 365 (2015)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: status uncertain, often included in S. rubella s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene bergiana Lindm.; Acta Horti Berg. 1(6): 3 (1891)
= Silene rubella subsp. bergiana (Lindm.) Graebn. & P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 162 (1921)
= Silene rubella subsp. bergiana (Lindm.) J.M.Linden; Lagascalia 9: 132 (1980)
= Silene rubella subsp. bergiana (Lindm.) Malag.; Sin. Fl. Iber. 295 (1975)
= Silene rubella var. bergiana (Lindm.) Garcke; Pl. Eur. 2: 305 (1899)
species :
Silene doganii A.Duran & Menemen; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 143(1): 109 (2003)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene donetzica Kleopow; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, No. 9 (17), 116 (1936)
Name: Donjez-Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Slovakia; European Russia; Northern Caucasus
11 SLO 14 RUS 33 NCS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites donetzicus (Kleopow) Klokov; Bot. Zhurn. (Kiev) 5(1): 25 (1948)
= Otites donetzicus subsp. sillingeri (Hendrych) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 4 (1984)
= Otites sillingeri (Hendrych) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 204 (1983)
= Silene densiflora subsp. sillingeri (Hendrych) Sourková; Preslia 49(1): 12 (1977)
species :
Silene douglasii Hook.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 88 (1830)
Name: Douglas´s catchfly
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus douglasii Eaton; Man. Bot., ed. 8: 427 (1840)
= Silene columbiana Howell; Fl. N.W. Amer.: 78 (1897)
= Silene dilatata Suksd.; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 16: 212 (1898)
= Silene douglasii var. brachycalyx B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 145 (1893)
= Silene douglasii var. macrocalyx B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 145 (1893)
= Silene douglasii var. monantha (S.Watson) B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 145 (1893)
= Silene douglasii var. multicaulis (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 144 (1893)
= Silene douglasii var. villosa C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 41 (1947)
= Silene douglasii var. viscida B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 145 (1893)
= Silene lyallii S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 342 (1875)
= Silene macrocalyx (B.L.Rob.) Howell; Fl. N. W. Amer. [Howell] 1: 78 (1897)
= Silene monantha S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 340 (1875)
= Silene multicaulis Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 192, 675 (1838)
variant :
var. oraria (M.Peck) C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Revis. N. Amer. Silene. 40 (1947)
Name: Seabluff catchfly
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene oraria M.Peck; Torreya 32: 148 (1932)
variant :
var. rupinae Kephart & Sturgeon; Madroño 40(2): 96 (1993)
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington)
73 USA
species :
Silene drummondii Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 89 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. drummondii
Name: Drummond´s campion
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis drummondii (Hook.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Taxon 31(1): 123 (1982)
= Lychnis drummondii (Hook.) S.Watson; Bot. King´s Exp. 37, 432 (1871)
= Lychnis drummondii var. heterochroma B.Boivin; Phytologia 16: 319 (1968)
= Lychnis pudica B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 643 (1966)
= Melandrium drummondii (Hook.) A.E.Porsild; Sargentia 4: 36 (1943)
= Silene drummondii var. kruckebergii Bocquet; Candollea 22: 28 (1967)
= Wahlbergella drummondii (Hook.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 318 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. striata (Rydb.) J.K.Morton; Sida 21: 887 (2004)
Distribution: Canada (Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis drummondii var. striata (Rydb.) Maguire; Rhodora 52: 242 (1950)
= Lychnis striata Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 408 (1904)
= Silene drummondii var. striata (Rydb.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 28 (1967)
= Wahlbergella striata (Rydb.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 318 (1912)
species :
Silene dschuparensis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28 2: 14 (1911)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene dumanii Kandemir, G.E.Genç & I.Genç; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 46(1): 71 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene dumetosa C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4: 154-155, f. 6 (1982)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Silene duralii Bagci; Turkish J. Bot. 32(1): 11 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene dyris Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 130 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene dyris var. lutea Quézel; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 44: 196 (1953)
species :
Silene echegarayi (Hieron.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 35 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, San Juan Prov.)
85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium echegarayi Hieron.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova 4: 11 (1881)
species :
Silene echinata Otth; DC., Prodr. 1: 380 (1824)
Name: Igel-Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Spain (Malaga); C-Italy; S-Italy; +Serbia; +Algeria
11 ger 12 SPA 13 ITA SRB 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene bergeri Schott ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 411 (1825)
species :
Silene echinosperma Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 78 (1849)
Distribution: Greece (Taygetos)
13 GRC
species :
Silene echinospermoides Hub.-Mor.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 7 (1967)
Name: Igelsamiges Leimkraut (DE); Spinyseed Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Silene eckloniana Sond. ex Harv. & Sond.; Fl. Cap. 1: 126 (1860)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: often included in S. undulata s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium ecklonianum (Sond.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 232 (1869)
species :
Silene edgeworthii Bocquet; Candollea 22: 13 (1967)
Distribution: Pakistan; Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma fimbriatum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 417 (1831)
= Lychnis fimbriata (G.Don) Wall.; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: t. 20, f. B (1834)
= Lychnis indica var. fimbriata (Wall. ex G.Don) Edgew. & Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 1: 225 (1874)
= Melandrium fimbriatum (Wall. ex G.Don) Walp.; Rep. 1: 280 (1842)
= Melandrium indicum var. fimbriatum (G.Don) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 234 (1869)
= Silene indica var. edgeworthii (Bocquet) Y.J.Nasir; Fl. Pakistan, 175: 70 (1986)
species :
Silene elisabethae Jan; Flora (Regensburg) 15: 177 (1832)
Distribution: Italy (SC-Alps)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium elisabethae (Jan) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 232 (1869)
= Saponaria elisabethae (Jan) Fenzl ex Nyman; Consp. 93 (1878)
= Silenanthe elisabethae (Jan) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 101 (2001)
species :
Silene elymaitica Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27 2: 315 (1911)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene eminentis Özçelik; Bio-Sci. Res. Bull. 18(2): 122, fig. 1 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene eremitica Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 644 (1867)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene salsuginosa Fomin; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 6(3): 34 (1903)
species :
Silene eriocalycina Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 28 (1843)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Silene ermenekensis Vural & Kit Tan; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 66, f. 1F-H (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene ertekinii Aydin & Oxelman; Phytotaxa 178(2): 102 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene erubescens (Schischk.) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 169 (1981)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe erubescens (Schischk.) Devyatov & V.N.Tikhom.; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s. 97(3): 124 (1992)
= Melandrium erubescens Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 706, 890 (1936)
species :
Silene erysimifolia Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 51: 17 (1886)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene esquamata W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 223-224 (1919)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Silene eugeniae Kleopow; J. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine, No. 9 (17), 119 (1936)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites eugeniae (Kleopow) Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiew), 1974: 61 (1974)
species :
Silene euxina (Rupr.) Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23: 154 (1909)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey
13 BUL GRC TUE 33 GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: dichotoma agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene dichotoma subsp. euxina (Rupr.) Coode & Cullen; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 8. (1967)
= Silene dichotoma var. euxina Rupr.; Mérn. Acad. lmp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg 15(2): 184 (1869), et ex Schischk. in Bull. Mus. Georgie, 1920-2 1: 8 (1922), descr. emend.
= Silene euxina var. bulgarica Jordanov & Panov; Fl. Bulg. 3: 509, 596 (1966)
= Silene mathei Pénzes; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 62: 20 (1959)
= Silene racemosa var. rubrflora Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 588 (1867)
species :
Silene eviscosa Bondarenko & Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 326 (1971)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Silene exsudans Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 76 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene fabaria (L.) Coyte; Ind. Plant. 373 (1807)
subspecies :
subsp. fabaria
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, fabaria agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Behenantha fabaria (L.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 199 (1975)
= Cucubalus czerei Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 451 (1840)
= Cucubalus fabarius L.; Spl. Pl.: 414 (1753)
= Cucubalus macrophyllus Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 81 (1869)
= Oberna fabaria (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 12: 427 (1977)
= Oberna thebana (Orph. ex Boiss.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 149 (1979)
= Silene byzantina Castagne ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 627 (1867)
= Silene cephalonica K.F.Schimp. & Wiest ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 81 (1869)
= Silene fabaria (L.) Sm.; FL. Graec. Prodr. 1: 293 (1809)
= Silene fabaria subsp. thebana (Orph. ex Boiss.) Melzh.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 155(1-4): 252 (1987)
= Silene fabifolia Schott ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 81 (1869)
= Silene macrophylla Spreng. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 81 (1869)
= Silene saponariifolia Láng & Szov. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 81 (1869)
= Silene thebana Orph. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 627 (1867)
= Viscago fabaria (L.) Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 409 (1815)
subspecies :
subsp. domokina Greuter; Willdenowia 25(1): 122 (1995)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Silene fabarioides Hausskn.; Nyman Consp. Fl. Europ. Suppl. 2: I. (1889) 51, et Mitth. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. Folge 5: 47 (1893)
Distribution: Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna fabarioides (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohem. 12: 427 (1977)
species :
Silene falcata Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 301 (1809)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene falconeri (Rohrb.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 9 (1967)
Distribution: India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Remarks: Subgen. Gastrolychnis. Sometimes included in S. apetala or S. wahlbergella
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis falconeri Rohrb. ex Edgew. & Hook.f.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 223 (1874)
= Melandrium falconeri Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 220 (1869 publ. 1870)
species :
Silene falconeriana Benth.; Royle, Ill. B. Him. 79, t. 20 (1834)
Distribution: Pakistan (Swat); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP PAK
species :
Silene farsistanica Melzh.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 150: 308 (1985), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene peduncularis var. brevipedunculata Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19(2): 217 (1905)
= Silene peduncularis var. macrocalyx Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 105 (1888)
species :
Silene favargeri Bocquet; Candollea 22: 29 (1967), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico State, Morelos, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis mexicana Rose; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 5: 141 (1897)
species :
Silene fedtschenkoana Preobr.; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 2: 30 (1921)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium fedtschenkoanum (Preobr.) Schischk.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 24: 34 (1932)
= Elisanthe fedtschenkoana (Preobr.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 705 (1936)
= Elisanthe fedtschenkoana (Preobr.) Lazkov; Sem. Gvozd. (Caryophyllac.) Fl. Kyrgyzstana 116 (2006), isonym
= Charesia fedtschenkoana (Preobr.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 100 (2001)
species :
Silene fedtschenkoi Bondarenko & Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 326 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Silene fenzlii Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 6: 30 (1859), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene sieberi Fenzl; Russegger, Reisen 1(2): 912 (1843), nom. illeg., non Fenzl 1842
species :
Silene ferdowsii Joharchi, Nejati & F.Ghahrem.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(2): 156 (2011)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene ferganica Preobr.; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 2: 29 (1921)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Takhar)
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe ferganica (Preobr.) Devyatov & Tikhom.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 97(3): 124 (1992), isonym
= Elisanthe ferganica (Preobr.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 706 (1936)
= Melandrium ferganicum (Preobr.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 706 (1936)
species :
Silene fernandezii Jeanm.; Candollea 39(2): 619 (1984)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga)
12 SPA
species :
Silene fetissovii Lazkov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 29: 66 (1993)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Silene fetleri D.K.Pavlova; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(6): 388 (2014)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey
13 BUL GRC 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Silene filifolia (Dusén) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 38 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz Prov.)
85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium filifolium Dusén; Arkiv Bot. Stockh. 7: No. 2, 20 (1907)
= Melandrium magellanicum var. robustum Hosseus
species :
Silene filipetala Litard. & Maire; Contrib. Etude Fl. Grand Atlas (Arch. Sci. Maroc.), Fasc. II. 2 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. filipetala
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
subspecies :
subsp. parviflora Quézel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 34: 301 (1954)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene firma Siebold & Zucc.; Abh. Akad. Muench. 4: II. 166 (1843)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (throughout); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe firma (Siebold & Zucc.) Devyatov & V.N.Tikhom.; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s. 97(3): 124 (1992)
= Elisanthe firma (Siebold & Zucc.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 713 (1936)
= Elisanthe firma (Siebold & Zucc.) Zuev; Fl. Sibir. (Portulacac.-Ranunculac.) 6: 61 (1993), isonym
= Melandrium apricum f. pubescens Makino; Fl. Japan: 1002 (1925)
= Melandrium apricum var. firmum (Siebold & Zucc.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 240 (1869)
= Melandrium firmum (Siebold & Zucc.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene 232 (1868)
= Melandrium firmum f. pubescens (Makino) Makino; Nippon-Shokubutsu-Dzudan 530 (1925)
= Melandrium firmum var. pubescens (Makino) Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 16(4): 585 (1985)
= Neoussuria firma (Siebold & Zucc.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 34: 299 (20 June 2002) (2002)
= Silene aprica var. firma (Siebold & Zucc.) F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 168 (1896)
= Silene epilosa W.W.Sm.; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 11: 223 (1920)
= Silene firma f. pubescens (Makino) Ohwi & Ohashi; J. Jap. Bot. 49(11): 344 (1974)
= Silene firma var. pubescens (Makino) S.Y.He; Fl. Beijing, rev. ed. 1: 209 (1984)
= Silene firma var. pubescens (Makino) Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 16(4): 585 (1985), isonym
= Silene melandryformis Maxim.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 9: 54 (1859)
= Ussuria firma (Siebold & Zucc.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 100 (2001)
species :
Silene fissicalyx Bocquet & Chater; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal. 2: 55 (1979)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Silene fissipetala Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27: 371 (1854)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Hebei, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis fortunei Vis.; Index Seminum (PAD, Patavium) 1847: 4 (1847), nom. inval.
= Silene argyi H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 28: 292 (1914)
= Silene chinensis Bosse; Vollst. Handb. Bl.-Gärtn., ed. 2, 3: 388 (1842)
= Silene fissipetala var. kiiruninsularis (Masam.) Veldkamp; Taiwania 53(4): 412 (2008)
= Silene fortunei var. bilobata Hosok.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 23: 93 (1933)
= Silene fortunei var. kiiruninsularis (Masam.) S.S.Ying; Colour. tr. Pl. Taiwan, Pt. 4, Colour. tr. Herbac. Pl. Taiwan, Vol. 1: 128 (1980)
= Silene fortunei Vis. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 222 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Silene kiiruninsularis Masam.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 6: 570 (1934)
species :
Silene flaccida Pau; Pau & Vicioso, Trab. Mus. Nac. Cienc. Nat. Ser. Bot. Madrid 14: 11 (1918)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene flammulifolia Steud. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 43 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; N-Somalia; Yemen (W-Yemen, N-Inner Yemen)
24 ERI ETH SOM 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene flammulifolia var. canescens F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 104 (1896)
species :
Silene flavescens Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 191 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. flavescens
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
11 ger HUN 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB 34 TUR
Remarks: flavescens agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene flavescens subsp. glabra (Stoj. & Stef.) Delip.; Opred. Rast. Bulg.: 86 (2011)
= Silene flavescens var. glabra Stoj. & Stef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 1924: 281 (1924)
= Silene mollis Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 418 (1813)
= Silene subcorymbosa Adamovic
subspecies :
subsp. dictaea (Rech.f.) Greuter; Willdenowia 25(1): 126 (1995)
Distribution: E-Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene dictaea Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(I): 72 (1943)
= Silene thessalonica subsp. dictaea (Rech.f.) Melzh.; Bot. Jahrb. 98(1): 45 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. stojanovii (Panov) Delip.; Opred. Rast. Bulg.: 87 (2011)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene stojanovii Panov; Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk 26: 1229 (1973), nom. nov.
= Silene saxifraga var. pirinica Stoj. & Acht.; Izv. Tsarsk. Prir. Inst. Sofiya 12: 184 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. thessalonica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 89 (1878)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran (W-Iran)
13 GRC 34 EAI IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene thessalonica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 1: 74 (1854)
= Silene lesbiaca Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 155 (1897)
species :
Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 189 (1982)
Name: Kuckucks-Lichtnelke (DE), Ragged Robin (EN)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Quebec [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I], Washington [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 TUR 51 nzl 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Coccyganthe
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma flos-cuculi (L.) G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 417. 183 1 (1831)
= Agrostemma flos-cuculi var. albiflora G.Don; 417 (1831)
= Agrostemma lusitanica (Mill.) G.Don; Gen. Syst. 1: 417 (1831)
= Coccyganthe flos-cuculi (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 16: 55 (1844)
= Coccyganthe pratensis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 107 (1866)
= Coronaria flos-cuculi (L.) A.Braun; 368 (1843)
= Coronaria flos-cuculi (L.) R.Br.; Flora 26: 368 (1843)
= Coronaria flos-cuculi f. eglutinosa (Hegi) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 97 (1922)
= Floscuculi pratense Opiz; Seznam, 44 (1852)
= Lychnis coccugosantha St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 71 (1880)
= Lychnis cyrillii Richt. ex Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 6: 55 (1844)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. albiflora (Peterm.) Zapal.; 279 (1911)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. eglutinosa Hegi; 299 (1910)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. major Zapal.; 279 (1911)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. micropetala Neuman; Bot. Notiser 1896: 89 (1896)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. nana Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1908: 6 (1908)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. suboblongifolia Zapal.; 280 (1911)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi f. valida Zapal.; 280 (1911)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi L.; Sp. Pl.: 436 (1753)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi subsp. cyrilli (Richt. ex Rchb.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 91 (1896)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. albiflora Formánek; 84, nom. inval. (1886), nom. illeg.
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. albiflora Peterm.; 332 (1838)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. latifolia Bolle; 19 (1865)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. parviflora Peterm.; 332 (1838)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. viridiflora Peterm.; 333 (1838)
= Lychnis laciniata Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 51 (1779)
= Lychnis laciniflora Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 562 (1812)
= Lychnis lusitanica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 8 (1768)
= Lychnis plumaria Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 649 (1821)
= Lychnis quadridentata Lucé; Topogr. Nachr. Oesel: 145 (1823)
= Melandrium flos-cuculi (L.) Röhl.; Deutschl. Fl. (Röhl.), ed. 2, Phanerog. Gew. 274 (1812)
= Silene cuculi E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 5: 97 (1901)
species :
Silene flos-jovis (L.) Desr.; Lam., Encycl. 3: 644 (1792)
Name: Jupiter-Nelke (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Slovakia [I]; France; Italy
11 ger slo SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma flos-jovis L.; Sp. Pl.: 436 (1753)
= Coronaria flos-jovis (L.) A.Braun; Flora 26: 368 (1843)
= Lychnis flos-cuculi var. ramosa Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 385 (1824)
= Lychnis flos-jovis (L.) Desr.; Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 3(2): 644 (1792)
= Lychnis incana St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 70 (1880)
= Lychnis umbellifera Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 52 (1779)
= Silene flos-jovis (L.) Clairv.; 145 (1811), isonym
= Silene flos-jovis (L.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12: 189 (1982)
= Silene jovis E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 96 (1901)
species :
Silene foetida Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 406 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. foetida
Distribution: Portugal (Sa. Estrela)
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene foetida subsp. herminii Welw. ex Rouy; (1888)
= Silene foetida var. herminii (Welw. ex Rouy) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 54 (1889)
= Silene herminii (Welw. ex Rouy) Welw. ex Rouy; Ill. Pl. Eur.: 17 (1895)
= Silene macrorhiza Samp.; (1913) nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. gayana Talavera; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(1): 362 (1988), nom. nov.
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene macrorhiza Gay ex Lacaita; J. Bot. 67: 325 (1929), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene foliosa Maxim.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 9: 53 (1859)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, S-Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shanxi, N-Shaanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; ?Japan
31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene foliosa var. mongolica Maxim.; Enum. Pl. Mongol. 1: 91 (1889)
= Silene maximowicziana Kozhevn.; Rast. Tsentral. Azii 11: 78 (1994 publ. 1995) (not Rohrb. (1869-1870))
= Silene ordossica Lazkov; Komarovia 1: 42 (1999), nom. nov.
= Silene tatarica f. foliosa (Maxim.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 27 (1861)
= Silene tatarica var. foliosa (Maxim.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 558 (1862)
species :
Silene fraudatrix Meikle; Hook. Ic. Pl. 37: t. 3650 (1969)
Distribution: Cyprus (N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Silene frivaldskyana Hampe; Flora (Regensburg) 20: 226 (1837)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene colorata Friv.; Flora 18: 334 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Silene longicaulis Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1849(Adv. Bot.): [2] (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene tincta Friv. ex Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 174 (1843) (nom. illeg.)
species :
Silene fruticosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 417 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. fruticosa
Name: Strauchiges Leimkraut (DE); Woody Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: ?Italy; Sicily; Malta; Greece; Crete; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, W-Cyprus)
13 GRC KRI MLT SIC 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene agrigentina Lojac.; Naturalista Sicil. 2: 295 (1883)
= Silene carnea Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 301 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Silene corsica Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 428 (1821), nom. inval.
= Silene nitida Lag.; Gen. & Sp. Nov. 15 (1815)
= Silene suffruticosa Desf. ex Webb; Iter Hispan. [Webb] 64 (1838), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. cyrenaica Bég. & A.Vacc.; Sp. Nuove Fl. Libia: 2. (1912)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Silene fruticulosa M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 115 (1798)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai); W-Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene caspica Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Pers.] 1: 497 (1805)
= Silene leptopetala Schrenk; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 2: 198 (1844)
= Silene pygmaea Less. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 1: 323 (1842), nom. inval.
= Silene suffrutescens M.Bieb.; Beschr. Länd. Terek. Casp.: 175 (1800)
species :
Silene fuscata Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 2: 187 (1804)
Name: Rotbraunes Leimkraut (DE); Red-Brown Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (S-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
12 POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene articulata Kunze; Flora 29: 696 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Silene divaricata Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 376 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Silene fuscata var. elatior Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 218 (1913)
= Silene sassiana Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 609 (1841)
= Silene sicula Bertol. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 153 (1869)
= Silene simplicicarona Mutel; Fl. Franç. (Mutel) 1: 148, 169 (1834)
= Silene undulatifolia Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. 8 (1828)
= Silene undulifolia Sweet; Hort. Brit. [Sweet], ed. 3. 65 (1839)
species :
Silene gaditana Talavera & Bocquet; Lagascalia 5: 49 (1975)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene mogadorensis var. parviflora Freyn; Exsicc. (Iter Hispan.) 4: 335 (1896), nom. nud.
species :
Silene galataea Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl. 102 (1888)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains)
34 CYP
species :
Silene gallica L.; Sp. Pl.: 417 (1753)
Name: Französisches Leimkraut (DE); Small-flowered Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], +Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt [I], Thüringen [I]); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; +Latvia [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); +Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago); Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Afghanistan (Nangarhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Pakistan (Peshawar); India (Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Austral Isl. [I] (Rapa Iti [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Idaho [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Massachusetts [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Washington [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Jamaica [I]; Haiti [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR lat MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR SEL 26 zim 27 les saf 28 sth 29 mau reu 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 42 lsi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 nwc 61 aui 63 haw 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos els gua pan 81 his jam 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Corone agrestina Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Corone gallica (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Corone quinquevulnera (L.) Hoffmanns. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 422 (1840)
= Cucubalus sylvestris Lam.; Fl. Franc. 3: 28 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Cucubalus variegatus Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 28 (1779)
= Lychnis cerastoides (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 309 (1771)
= Lychnis vulnerata Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 309 (1771)
= Oncerum gallicum (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 256 (1867)
= Silene agrestina (Fourr.) Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6 (1866)
= Silene agricola E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 5: 87 (1901)
= Silene anglica L.; Sp. Pl.: 416 (1753), nom. rej.
= Silene anglica var. quinquevulnera House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 70 (1923)
= Silene arvensis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 301 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Silene bohemica Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 6 (1866)
= Silene candollei Jord. ex Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 37 (1855)
= Silene canescens Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene cantabrica Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5 (1866)
= Silene cerastoides All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 79 (1785)
= Silene cerastoides L.; Sp. Pl.: 417 (1753)
= Silene cerastoides var. anomala Ball; J. Bot. 11: 301 (1873)
= Silene chia Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 409 (1825)
= Silene chilensis Cham. & Schltdl. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 97 (1869), pro syn.
= Silene clusii Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene colorata Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (9)
= Silene congesta Schott ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 583 (1841)
= Silene conica Geners. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 97 (1869), nom. inval.
= Silene cruentata Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 8 (1866)
= Silene cucubalus var. cruentata (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 120 (1896)
= Silene cuneifolia J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 714 (1791)
= Silene distycha Webb; Iter Hispan. [Webb] 63 (1838)
= Silene gallica f. maxima Zapal.; 133 (1911)
= Silene gallica f. tenuicaulis Zapal.; 133 (1911)
= Silene gallica proles quinquevulnera (L.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica subsp. anglica (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Silene gallica subsp. anglica (L.) Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B 2: 60 (1864)
= Silene gallica subsp. chermezonis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 50 (1936)
= Silene gallica subsp. quinquevulnera (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 114: 52 (1961), nom. superfl.
= Silene gallica subsp. quinquevulnera (L.) Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B 2: 60 (1864)
= Silene gallica subsp. sylvestris (Lam.) Asch.; Fl. Brandenburg: 88 (1860)
= Silene gallica subvar. agrestina (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Pl. 5 2: 99 (1920)
= Silene gallica subvar. bohemica (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Pl. 5 2: 99 (1920)
= Silene gallica subvar. modesta (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Pl. 5 2: 99 (1920)
= Silene gallica subvar. rosella (Jord. & Fourr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Pl. 5 2: 99 (1920)
= Silene gallica var. agrestina (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 3: 118 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. anglica (L.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 230 (1831)
= Silene gallica var. bohemica (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 118 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. cantabrica (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. chermezonis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 50 (1936)
= Silene gallica var. divaricata Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France 1: 206 (1847)
= Silene gallica var. glaucescens Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1851: 9 (1852)
= Silene gallica var. gomeraea Bolle; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1861(App.): 10 (1862)
= Silene gallica var. littoralis (Jord.) Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn, ser. 2, 7: 113 (1865), nom. illeg.
= Silene gallica var. lusitanica (L.) Juel, E.Markl. & Örtendahl; Index Seminum [Uppsala] 1921: 7 (1922), isonym
= Silene gallica var. lusitanica (L.) Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 3: 647 (1878)
= Silene gallica var. minor Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 356 (1877)
= Silene gallica var. minutiflora (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. modesta (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. myloptera (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 120 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. occitanica (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. parvula (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. pauciflora Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1851: 9 (1852)
= Silene gallica var. prostrata Merino; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 30: 195 (1901)
= Silene gallica var. quinquevulnera (L.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Deutschl. Fl. , ed. 3, 3: 230 (1831)
= Silene gallica var. rosella (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 118 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. semiglabrata (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 118 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. suboccultata (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 119 (1896)
= Silene gallica var. subsecunda Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1851: 6 (1852)
= Silene gallica var. sylvestris (Lam.) Asch.; Fl. Prov. Brandenb. 1: 88 (1860)
= Silene glandulosa Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 6: 626 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Silene glomerata Gay; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 1: 259 (1846)
= Silene haenkeana C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 2: 19 (1831)
= Silene hirsuta C.Presl ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 23 (1831), nom. inval.
= Silene hispida Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene jucunda Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 8 (1866)
= Silene linifolia Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (9)
= Silene linophila Rothm.; Agron. Lusit. 6: 264 (1944)
= Silene littoralis Jord.; Cat. Jard. Dijon: 31 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Silene littorea Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 9 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene lusitanica L.; Sp. Pl.: 416 (1753), nom. rej.
= Silene lusitanica subsp. quinquevulnera (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 97 (1878)
= Silene marginata Schott; Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 210 (1824)
= Silene micropetala Ten.; Fl. Napol. 5: 344 (1835-1836)
= Silene minutiflora Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 4 (1866)
= Silene modesta Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5 (1866) (non Boiss. & Blanche in Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 33 (1859))
= Silene myloptera Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 8 (1866)
= Silene occitanica Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 6 (1866)
= Silene oliveriana Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (7)
= Silene pachyphylla Fenzl; Adv. Bot. (2, 7)
= Silene parvula Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 7 (1866)
= Silene pygmaea Herder; Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 44 (1858)
= Silene quinquevulnera L.; Sp. Pl.: 416 (1753), nom. rej.
= Silene reflexa Moench; Methodus: 705 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Silene rigidula L.; Cent. Pl. II. 16 (1756)
= Silene rosella Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 7. (1866)
= Silene rostrata Dufour; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 7: 244 (1860)
= Silene sabuletorum Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene sardoa Moris ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 813 (1832)
= Silene sciotica Otth; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 372 (1824)
= Silene semiglabra Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 7 (1866)
= Silene silvestris Schott ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2: 812 (1832), nom. inval.
= Silene spatulata Larrañaga; Escritos Damaso Antonio Larrañaga 2: 155 (1923)
= Silene suboccultata Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 5 (1866)
= Silene sylvestris (Lam.) Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montaub. 82 (1789)
= Silene tergestina Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 6 (1866)
= Silene transtagana Cout.; Not. Fl. Portugal 5: 7. (1921)
= Silene tricuspidata Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2: 184 (1815), nom. nud.
= Silene tridentata Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 758 (1805), nom. inval.
= Silene undulatifolia Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1850(Adv. Bot.): 7 (1851), nom. inval.
= Silene vernalis Poepp. ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 97 (1869)
variant :
var. giraldii (Guss.) Walters; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 97(4): 341 (1988)
Distribution: Sardinia; S-Italy
12 SAR 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene giraldii Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 36 (1854)
species :
Silene gallinyi Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 915 (1932)
Name: Dreinerviges Leimkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; SW-Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece
11 ger 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene trinervia Sebast. & Mauri; Fl. Rom. Prodr.: 152 (1818) (non Silene trinervis Banks & Sol. (1794))
= Silene viridis Greuter; Willdenowia 14: 49 (1984)
species :
Silene gangotriana Pusalkar, D.K.Singh & Lakshmin.; Kew Bull. 59(4): 621 (2005)
Distribution: India (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Silene gasimailikensis B.Fedtsch.; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 14: 2 (1908)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Silene gaubae Bornm. & Gauba; Feddes Repert. 39: 91 (1935)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene gavrilovii (Krasnov) Popov; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 9: Suppl., 38 (1925)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene balchaschensis Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 618 (1936), rossice, et Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 176 (1937), latine
= Silene glaucescens Schischk.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 175 (1937)
= Silene holopetala var. gavrilovii Krasn.
species :
Silene gazulensis A.Galán, J.E.Cortés, Vicente Orell. & R.Morales; Acta Bot. Malacitana 24: 238 (1999)
Distribution: Spain; ?Morocco
12 SPA
species :
Silene gebleriana Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 91 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
species :
Silene gemmata Meikle; Hook. Ic. Pl. 37: t. 3651 (1969)
Name: Troodos-Leimkraut (DE); Troodos Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos: Mt. Attaviros); Cyprus (Mt. Troodos)
34 CYP EAI
species :
Silene genovevae Bocquet; Candollea 22: 31 (1967)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER
species :
Silene georgievskyi Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(9):123 (1999)
Distribution: N-Iraq; Syria
34 IRQ SYR
species :
Silene germana J.Gay; Coss., Notes Pl. Cr-it.: 31 (1849)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene boissieri J.Gay; Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 32 (1849)
= Silene ramosissima Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 93 (1839), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene gertraudiae Melzh.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 150: 312 (1985)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene gevasica Hamzaoglu; Turkish J. Bot. 35(1): 68 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene ghahremaninejadii Hoseini & Assadi; Nova Biol. Reperta 3(2): 132, figs. 1-2 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Silene ghiarensis Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atlant.: 17 (1919)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene gigantea L.; Sp. Pl.: 418 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. gigantea
Name: Riesen-Leimkraut (DE); Giant Catchfly (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus)
11 ger 13 BUL GRC KRI NMA 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus giganteus L.; Sp. Pl.: 1231 (1753)
= Viscago gigantea (L.) Moench; Methodus 705 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. epirota Du Pasquier; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183(3) : 487 (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. hellenica Greuter; Willdenowia 25(1): 114 (1995)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. rhodopea (Janka) Greuter; Willdenowia 25(1): 115 (1995)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene gigantea var. incana (Griseb.) Chowdhuri; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 254 (1957)
= Silene gigantea var. viridescens Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 646 (1867)
= Silene italica var. incana Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 173 (1843)
= Silene macrocarpa Formánek; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 9: 68 (1891)
= Silene pseudonutans Pancic; Fl. Serbiae, Add.: 116 (1884)
= Silene rhodopea Janka; Természetrajzi Füz. 2: 28 (1878)
species :
Silene gillettii (Turrill) M.G.Gilbert; Nordic J. Bot. 11(4): 456 (1991)
Distribution: S-Ethiopia; N-Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene burchellii var. gillettii Turrill; Kew Bull. 9: 57 (1954)
species :
Silene glaberrima Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 7. (1931)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene glabrescens Coss.; Ill. Fl. Atlant. 1: 135 (1891)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene glareosa Jord.; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 242 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. glareosa
Name: Geröll-Taubenkropf (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Spain; France; Italy; Slovenia; Montenegro
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA MNT SLV
Remarks: vulgaris agg. Frequently treated as subspecies of S. vulgaris
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna behen subsp. glareosa (Jord.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(4): 216 (1984 publ. 1986)
= Oberna glareosa (Jord.) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 15: 148 (1979)
= Oberna rupicola (Boreau) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 148 (1979)
= Oncerum glareosum (Jord.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 257 (1867)
= Silene cucubalus f. glareosa (Jord.) Tosco; Webbia 30(1): 140 (1976), without basionym ref.
= Silene cucubalus proles glareosa (Jord.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 106 (1896)
= Silene cucubalus var. glareosa (Jord.) Merino; Fl. Galicia 1: 204 (1905)
= Silene inflata var. glareosa (Jord.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 668 (1878)
= Silene inflata var. minor Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 1: 203 (1848)
= Silene maritima var. glareosa (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 51 (1889)
= Silene rupicola Boreau; Fl. Centre France, éd. 3 2: 95 (1857)
= Silene uniflora subsp. glareosa (Jord.) Chater & Walters; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 103: 216 (1990)
= Silene vulgaris subsp. glareosa (Jord.) Marsden-Jones & Turrill; Bladder Campions: 20, 135 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Guarino & Pignatti; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 2: 172 (2017), et 4: 920 (2019)
Distribution: Italy (etc.)
13 ITA
Remarks: often included in S. vulgaris s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus marginatus Kit. ex Schult.; Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 674 (1814)
= Oberna behen subsp. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 153: 216 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Oberna marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 427 (1977)
= Silene cucubalus subsp. marginata (Schult.) Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. -Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(I): 165 (1943)
= Silene cucubalus var. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 108 (1896)
= Silene marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Kit.; Linnaea 32: 536 (1863) (non Schott 1824)
= Silene vulgaris subsp. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 258 (1924)
= Silene vulgaris var. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) Stevan. & Niketic; Arh. Biol. Nauka 59: 394 (2007)
= Silene willdenowii subsp. marginata (Kit. ex Schult.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s. 1: 99 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Guarino & Pignatti; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 2: 172 (2017), et 4: 920 (2019)
Distribution: Switzerland; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
11 SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus angustissimus Nocca & Balb.; Fl. Ticin. 1: 199 (1816)
= Oberna behen subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 153(4): 216 (1984 publ. 1986)
= Silene alpinoprostrata Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 270 (2010)
= Silene angustifolia subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 547 (1910)
= Silene cucubalus proles alpina Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 108 (1896)
= Silene cucubalus subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Bech.; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 43: 54 (1934)
= Silene cucubalus var. ambigua Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 108 (1896)
= Silene cucubalus var. puberula Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 5: 18 (1892), nom. illeg.
= Silene glareosa subsp. marginata Guarino & Pignatti; S. Pignatti, Fl. d´Italia 2: 172 (2017), no basionym cited.
= Silene inflata subsp. prostrata Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 3: 164 (1828)
= Silene inflata var. angustissima (Nocca & Balb.) Caldesi; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 339 (1879)
= Silene inflata var. puberula Pau ex Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 282 (1893)
= Silene marginata f. hirtella Hayek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 94: 142 (1917 publ. 1918)
= Silene marginata Kit.; Linnaea 32: 536 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Silene uniflora subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Chater & Walters; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 103(3): 215 (1990)
= Silene venosa var. pubigera Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 160 (1900)
= Silene vulgaris subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) Schinz & Thell.; Schinz & R. Keller, Fl. Schweiz ed. 4, 1: 791 (1923)
= Silene willdenowii subsp. prostrata (Gaudin) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1(1): 99 (1949)
= Silene willdenowii var. angustissima (Nocca & Balb.) Váczy; Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1979: 364 (1979)
species :
Silene goksuensis Budak, Hamzaoglu & Koç; Phytotaxa 345(2): 171 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene goniocaula Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 31 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene commelinifolia var. eremicana (Stapf) Blakelock; Kew Bull. 12: 211 (1957)
= Silene eremicana Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 17 (1886)
species :
Silene gonosperma (Rupr.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 7 (1967)
Distribution: Tajikistan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Tibet; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim)
32 TZK 36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Remarks: Subgen. Gastrolychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis gonosperma (Rupr.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 166 (1995)
= Lychnis pumila Royle ex Benth.; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 80 (1834)
= Melandrium pumilum (Royle ex Benth.) Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 280 (1842)
= Physolychnis gonosperma Rupr.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 14(4): 41 (1869)
= Silene gonosperma var. robusta Bocquet; Candollea 22: 8 (1967)
species :
Silene goulimyi Turrill; Kew Bull. 10: 353 (1955)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Silene gracilenta H.Chuang; Fl. Yunnan. 6: 217. Addenda 836. (1995)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Silene gracilicaulis C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 434-438, f. 5 (1980)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene gracilicaulis var. rubescens (Franch.) C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 437 (1980)
= Silene sericata C.L.Tang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 24(5): 389-391, f. 2 (1986)
= Silene tenuis f. rubescens Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 425 (1886)
= Silene tenuis var. rubescens (Franch.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 7: 302 (1912)
species :
Silene gracilis DC.; Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813)145
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Victoria [I])
12 POR SPA 20 MOR 21 CNY 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene apetala var. lagascae Boiss.; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 95 (1878), nom. nud.
= Silene loeflingiana Bernh. ex Godr.; Mém. Soc. Roy. Sci. Nancy 1847: 34 (1847)
= Silene longicaulis Pourr. ex Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 15 (1816)
= Silene longicaulis var. brachypoda Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 205 (1933)
species :
Silene gracillima Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 679 (1869 publ. 1870)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis gracillima (Rohrb.) Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 2: 19 (1921)
= Lychnis stellarioides Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 18: 371 (1873)
= Lychnis ugoensis Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 31 (1931), nomen
species :
Silene graeca Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 36 (1843)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene rubella Bory ex Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene, 94 (1869)
species :
Silene graminifolia Otth; Prodr. 1: 368 (1824)
Distribution: N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); ?Tibet; Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene graminifolia lusus elata Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 549 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia lusus odorata Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 550 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia lusus parviflora Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 550 (1862), nom. illeg.
= Silene graminifolia lusus vulgaris Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 550 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia var. baicalensis Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 67 (1858)
= Silene graminifolia var. lingiflora Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 551 (1862)
= Silene graminifolia var. longiflora Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 67 (1858)
= Silene graminifolia var. viscaginoides Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajan.: 65 (1858)
= Silene jeniseensis var. graminifolia (Otth) Y.C.Chu; Clavis Pl. Chinae Bor.-Or., ed. 2: 159 (1995)
= Silene jeniseensis var. viscifera Y.C.Chu; Fl. Pl. Herb. Chin. Bor.-Orient. 3: 71, 227, pl. 28, f. 11 (1975)
= Silene karkaralensis Dmitrieva & Popov; Fl. Kazakhst. 3: 373 435 (1960)
= Silene pubistyla L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 734, f. 214: 7-11 (1983)
= Silene schischkinii Sobolevsk.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 1-2, 2 (1953) (non (Popov) Vved. (1953))
= Silene stylosa Bunge; Icon. Pl. Fl. Ross. Alt. 2: 19, t. 160 (1830)
species :
Silene grandiflora Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 427-428 (1886)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene grandiflora var. xerobatica W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11: 224 (1919)
= Melandrium grandiflorum (Franch.) Tsui; Iconogr. Cormophytorum Sinicorum 1: 639, f. 1277 (1972)
species :
Silene grayi S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 291 (1879)
Name: Gray´s catchfly
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene deflexa Eastw.; Bot. Gaz. 41: 284 (1906)
species :
Silene greenei (S.Watson ex B.L.Rob.) Howell; Fl. N. W. Amer. [Howell] 1: 76(1897)
subspecies :
subsp. greenei
Name: Greene´s catchfly
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene campanulata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 341 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Silene campanulata subsp. glandulosa C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 23 (1947)
= Silene campanulata subsp. greenei (S.Watson) C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 24 (1947)
= Silene campanulata var. greenei S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 137 (1893)
= Silene campanulata var. latifolia F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 50 (1896)
= Silene campanulata var. orbiculata B.L.Rob.; A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 219 (1897)
= Silene campanulata var. petrophila Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 1: 504 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolia (F.N.Williams) Rabeler & Gandhi; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 15(1): 58 (2021)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene campanulata var. angustifolia F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 50 (1896)
species :
Silene greywilsonii Rajbh. & Mits.Suzuki; J. Jap. Bot. 82(5): 278 (2007)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Silene grisea Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 8: 88 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
species :
Silene grisebachii (Davidov) Pirker & Greuter; Willdenowia 25(1): 137 (1995)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Pleconax grisebachii (Davidov) Holub; Preslia 70(2): 109 (1998)
= Pleconax subconica subsp. grisebachii (David) Sourková; Osterr Bot. Zeitschr. 119(4-5): 580 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Silene subconica subsp. grisebachii (Davidov) Jordanov & Panov; Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Bulg. 3: 512 (1966)
= Silene subconica var. grisebachii Davidov; Trav. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. A: 52 (1915)
species :
Silene gubanovii Lazkov; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 99(3): 94 (1994)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene langshanensis L.Q.Zhao, Y.Z.Zhao & Z.M.Xin; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 53: 37 (2016)
species :
Silene guerbuezii Özçelik; Bio-Sci. Res. Bull. 18(2): 123, fig. 2 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Silene guichardii Chevassut & Quézel; Bull. Off. Nat. Anti-Acrid., No. 7, 5 (1956)
Distribution: S-Libya; N-Chad (Tibesti)
20 LBY 24 CHA
species :
Silene guinetii Quézel; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 44: 196 (1953)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Silene guntensis (B.Fedtsch.) B.Fedtsch. ex Schischk.; Fl. URSS 6: 672 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. guntensis
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Wardak, Paktia / Khost)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene apiculata Ovcz.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 553, 658 (1968)
= Silene depressa var. guntensis B.Fedtsch.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 1: 119 (1902)
= Silene incanescens Ovcz.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 554, 659 (1968)
= Silene kuschakewiczii var. apiculata (Ovcz.) Lazkov; Sem. Gvozd. (Caryophyllac.) Fl. Kyrgyzstana 93 (2006)
= Silene kuschakewiczii var. guntensis (B.Fedtsch.) Lazkov; Sem. Gvozd. (Caryophyllac.) Fl. Kyrgyzstana 92 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. glabrescens Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 16: 540 (1980)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Takhar)
34 AFG
subspecies :
subsp. pistillaris Rech.f. & Melzh.; Fl. Iran, 163: 455 (1988)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Logar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
subspecies :
subsp. vallicola Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 16: 541 (1980)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghorat, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Takhar)
34 AFG
species :
Silene gynodioica Ghaz.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 106 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene nodulosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 1: 31 (1843)
species :
Silene habaensis H.Chuang; Fl. Yunnanica 6: 837 (1995)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful, unverified
species :
Silene hamzaoglui Budak; Turkish J. Bot. 35(3): 286 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene magenta Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 24(2): 2 (2017)
species :
Silene haradjianii Chowdhuri; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 263 (1957)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene haumanii Bocquet; Candollea 22: 32 (1967)
Distribution: Bolivia; Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium friesii Hauman; An. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 32: 180 (1923), nomen
variant :
var. densa Bocquet; Candollea 22: 33 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy)
85 ARG
species :
Silene haussknechtii Hausskn.; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I. (1889) 55, Hausskn. in Mitth. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. Folge 5: 51 (1895)
Distribution: Greece (Pindos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene sedoides subsp. haussknechtii (Hausskn.) Maire & Petitm,
= Silene tymphaea Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 34: 339 (1896)
species :
Silene hawaiiensis Sherff; Amer. J. Bot. 36: 501 (1949)
Distribution: Hawaii (Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Rare, USA Status: Threatened
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene struthioloides var. gracilis Sherff
species :
Silene hayekiana Hand.-Mazz. & Janch.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 55: 429 (1905)
Distribution: Austria; ?Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT 13 CRO SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene parnassica subsp. hayekiana (Hand.-Mazz. & Janch.) Stevan. & Niketic; Arh. Biol. Nauka 59(4): 394 (2007)
= Silene saxifraga subsp. hayekiana (Hand.-Mazz. & Janch.) Graebn. & P.Graebn.; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(2): 134 (1920)
= Silene saxifraga var. hayekiana (Hand.-Mazz. & Janch.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(1): 269 (1924)
species :
Silene heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: pl. (1849)
Distribution: Croatia; ?Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 ALB CRO TUE 34 TUR
species :
Silene helleboriflora Exell & Bocquet; Candollea 17: 37 (1959)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Silene hellmannii Claus; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 8: 289 (1851)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan
14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ TKM
Remarks: otites agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Otites graniticola Klokov; J. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine 5: No. 1, 21 (1948)
= Otites hellmannii (Claus) Klokov; Bot. Zhurn. (Kiev) 5(1): 22 (1948)
= Otites krymensis (Kleopow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 427 (1977) comb. superfl.
= Otites krymensis (Kleopow) Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. 1974: 58 (1974): (1974)
= Silene graniticola (Klokov) Sourková; Preslia 49(1): 12 (1977)
= Silene krymensis Kleopow; Zhurn. Inst. Bot. Vseukraïns´k. Akad. Nauk 9: 115 (1936)
species :
Silene helmandica Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 16: 536 (1980)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar)
34 AFG
species :
Silene herbilegorum (Bocquet) Lidén & Oxelman; Novon 11: 322. 2001
Distribution: China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene yetii var. herbilegorum Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 5 (1967)
species :
Silene heterodonta F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 32: 89 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. heterodonta
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cossoniana Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 132 (1923)
= Silene heterodonta subsp. parvula (Coss.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 152 (1963) (nom. inval.)
= Silene heterodonta var. cossoniana (Maire) Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 6 (1930)
= Silene heterodonta var. thomsonii Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 7 (1930)
= Silene parvula Coss.; Ill. Fl. Atlant. 1: 135 (1891) (non Jord. & Fourr. (1866))
subspecies :
subsp. platycalyx (Emb. & Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 153 (1963)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene heterodonta var. platycalyx Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 7 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. rosella (Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 10: 153 (1963)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene cossoniana var. rosella Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 132 (1923)
= Silene heterodonta var. rosella (Maire) Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 71 929 (1930)
species :
Silene heuffelii Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 429 (1963), nom. nov.
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania (E-Carpathians, N-Balkans); Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SRB 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium nemorale (Rchb.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 206 (1869)
= Lychnis nemoralis Heuff. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 824
species :
Silene hicesiae Brullo & Signor.; Willdenowia 14: 141 (1984)
Distribution: Sicily (Aeolian Islands: Panarea, Alicudi)
13 SIC
Remarks: mollissima agg.
Conservation Status: IUCN CR, known only from two small volcanic islets
species :
Silene hidaka-alpina (Miyabe & Tatew.) Ohwi & Ohashi; J. Jap. Bot., 49(11): 345 (1974)
Distribution: Japan (Yezo)
38 JAP
Remarks: Subgen. Melandrium
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium hidaka-alpinum Miyabe & Tatew.; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 15: 41 (1937)
species :
Silene hideakiohbae Rajbh. & Mits.Suzuki; J. Jap. Bot. 82(5): 275 (2007)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Silene hifacensis Rouy; Excurs. bot. Espagne 10 (1883 publ. 1884) ex Willk., Intr. Fl. Hisp. 1: (1885?)150, et Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 282 (1893)
Distribution: E-Spain (Alicante); Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL SPA
Remarks: mollissima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene hifacensis var. parvifolia Rouy ex Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 1: 150 (1885)
= Silene hifacensis var. pseudogibraltarica Rouy ex Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 1: 150 (1885)
= Silene hifacensis var. pseudovelutina Rouy ex Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 1: 150 (1885)
= Silene italica subsp. hifacensis (Rouy ex Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 87 (1974)
= Silene velutina var. hifacensis (Rouy ex Willk.) Pau; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 24: 269 (1924)
variant :
var. pereirae P.P.Ferrer, Ferrando & E.Laguna; Bouteloua 28: 78 (2019)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Silene himalayensis (Rohrb.) Majumdar; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 648 (1963)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Kunar / Nuristan); China (Hebei, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Lychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis apetala var. pallida Edgew. & Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 1(2): 223 (1874)
= Lychnis himalayensis (Rohrb.) Edgew. & Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 1(2): 223 (1874)
= Lychnis macrorhiza Royle ex Benth.; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 80 (1832)
= Lychnis madens Jacquem. ex Edgew. & Hook.f.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 223 (1874)
= Melandrium apertum Pax & K.Hoffm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 362 (1922)
= Melandrium apetalum var. himalayense Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 220 (1869)
= Melandrium apetalum var. pallidum (Edgew. & Hook.f.) L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 714 (1983), without basionym ref.
= Melandrium himalayense (Rohrb.) Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 16(4): 585 (1985)
= Melandrium macrorhizum (Royle ex Benth.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 228 (1869)
= Melandrium qomolangmaense Tsui & P.Ke ex L.H.Zhou; Fl. Xizangica 1: 713, f. 255: 1-5 (1983)
= Melandrium souliei F.N.Williams; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 429 (1899)
= Silene gonosperma subsp. himalayensis (Rohrb.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 8 (1967)
= Silene gonosperma var. pertica Bocquet; Candollea 22: 9 (1967)
= Silene himalayensis var. pertica (Bocquet) Rajbh. & Mitsuo Suzuki; Bull. Tohoku Univ. Mus. (Japan) 8: 21 (2008)
= Silene madens Majumdar; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 648 (1964), nom. nov. for Lychnis macrorhiza Royle ex Benth.
species :
Silene hirticalyx Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Suppl. 104 (1888)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Silene hitchguirei Bocquet; Candollea 22: 29 (1967)
Name: Apetalous catchfly
Distribution: Canada (Alberta); USA (Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis hitchguirei (Bocquet) W.A.Weber & R.C.Wittmann; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4(1): 213 (2010)
= Lychnis apetala A.Gray; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 33: 405 (1862), nom. illeg.
= Lychnis apetala subsp. montana (S.Watson) Maguire; Rhodora 52: 236 (1950)
= Lychnis apetala var. montana (S.Watson) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchc. & al.] 2: 274 (1964)
= Lychnis montana S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 247 (1877), not Silene montana Arrondeau 1863
= Melandrium apetalum subsp. montanum (S.Watson) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 42 (1952)
= Melandrium montanum (S.Watson) Tolm.; Trudy Bot. Muz. 24: 251 (1932)
= Silene apetala subsp. montana (S.Watson) McNeill
= Silene montana S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 343 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Silene uniflora var. montana (S.Watson) Kerguélen; Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur. Bassin Médit. Bull. 21: 51 (1986)
= Silene uralensis subsp. montana (S.Watson) McNeill; Canad. J. Bot. 56(3): 307 (1978)
= Silene wahlbergella subsp. montana (S.Watson) Hultén; Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 13(1): 326 (1971)
= Wahlbergella montana (S.Watson) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 318 (1912)
species :
Silene hoefftiana Fisch. ex C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer. (C. A. Mey.). 215. (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Elisanthe hoefftiana (Fisch. ex C.A.Mey.) Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95(10): 1485 (2010)
= Petrocoma hoefftiana (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Rupr.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 15(2): 200 (1869)
= Petrocoma hoefftiana var. glabra Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 271 (1971)
= Petrocoma hoefftiana var. rosea Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 271 (1971)
species :
Silene holosteifolia Bocquet & Chater; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 2: 55 (1979)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan
40 BHU NEP
species :
Silene holzmannii Heldr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 91 (1888)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, behen agg.
species :
Silene hookeri Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 192 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. hookeri
Name: Hooker´s silene
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium hookeri (Nutt.) Rohrb.; Monogr. Silene: 233 (1869)
= Silene hookeri subsp. pulverulenta (M.Peck) C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 44 (1947)
= Silene ingramii Tidestr. & Dayton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 42: 207 (1929)
= Silene pulverulenta M.Peck; Torreya 32: 148 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. serpentinicola (T.W.Nelson & J.P.Nelson) K.L.Chambers & S.C.Meyers; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(2): 621 (2011)
Name: Serpentine Indian pink
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene serpentinicola T.W.Nelson & J.P.Nelson; Madroño 51: 384, fig. 1 (2004)
species :
Silene huguettiae Bocq.; Candollea 22(1): 5-6 (1967)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Melandrium huguettiae (Bocquet) Y.S.Lian; Fl. Gansu (2005)
variant :
var. pilosa C.Y.Wu & H.Chuang; Fl. Yunnan. 6: 207, Addenda 836. (1995)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Silene humilis C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer 215 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Silene huochenensis X.M.Pi & X.L.Pan; J. Xinjiang Univ. (Nat. Sci.) 8(1): 72 (1991)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Silene hupehensis C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2(4): 438-439 (1980)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene hupehensis var. pubescens C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 438 (1980)
= Silene linearifolia Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 22: 284 (1915), nom. illeg.
species :
Silene hussonii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 8: 76 (1849)
Distribution: Israel (N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); NW-Saudi Arabia
34 ISR SIN 35 SAU
species :
Silene iberica M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 335 (1808), et ex Schischk. in Bull. Mus. Georgie, 1920-2 1: 5 (1922), descr. emend.
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene racemosa var. iberica (M.Bieb.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 589 (1867)
= Silene thirkeana K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 56 (1847), et ex Schischk., Ber. Tomsk. Staats Univ. 81: 445 (1928), descr. emend.
species :
Silene ibosii Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 22 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene grosiana Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1928: n 91 (1929) (in sched.)
= Silene grosii Pau & Font Quer ex Maire; Cavanillesia 3: 50 (1930)
= Silene ibosii subsp. grosiana (Pau & Font Quer) Fern.Casas; Fontqueria 1: 9. (1982)
= Silene ibosii var. grosiana (Pau & Font Quer) Maire; Cavanillesia 3: 50 (1930)
= Silene pseudoatocion var. ibosii (Emb. & Maire) Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927, no. 186, in sched. (1928)
species :
Silene ichnusae Brullo, De Marco & De Marco f.; Nordic J. Bot. 17(2): 161 (1997)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Silene ikonnikovii Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 81(7): 109 (1996)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan)
33 NCS
species :
Silene imbricata Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 349 (1798)
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Silene inaperta L.; Sp. Pl.: 419 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. inaperta
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife)
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus inapertus (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 31 (1779)
= Leptosilene inaperta (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s. 16: 344 (1868)
= Lychnis inaperta (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 1: 309 (1771)
= Silene filiformis Lowe; Trans. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 6: 549 (1838)
= Silene inaperta subsp. murcica Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1928: no. 6719 (1929)
= Silene inaperta var. aragonensis Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 1: 21 (1887)
= Silene inaperta var. scabra Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 3: 134 (1896)
= Silene polyphylla Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné (Villars) 3(2): 609 (1789) non L.
= Silene portensis var. vilipensa (Kunze) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 95 (1878)
= Silene scabra Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 614 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Silene stenophylla Dufour; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 240 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Silene vilis Kunze ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 95 (1878), nom. inval.
subspecies :
subsp. serpentinicola Talavera; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(1): 361 (1988)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga)
12 SPA
species :
Silene incisa C.L.Tang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 428-429, f. 1 (1980)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Silene inclinata Hub.-Mor.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 28: 4 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene incurvifolia Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 391 (1841)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; China (S-Xinjiang)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene litigiosa Schrenk; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 2: 198 (1844)
= Silene tarbagataica Krylov; Izv. Imp. Tomsk. Univ. 4: 60 (1891)
species :
Silene indeprensa Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 659 (1936), rossice, et Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 3, 178 (1937), latine
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Silene indica Roxb.; [Fl. Beng. 34 (1814), nom. nud.] ex Otth in DC., Prodr. 1: 368 (1824)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Kurram, Hazara, Murree, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Myanmar
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis ciliata Wall.; Numer. List 19, n. 621 (1829), nom. nud.
= Lychnis eriostemon Wall.; Numer. List no. 620 (1829), nom. nud.
= Lychnis indica (Roxb. ex Otth) Benth.; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 81 (1834)
= Lychnis indica var. fimbriata Edgew. & Hook.f.; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 225 (1874)
= Lychnis nutans Benth.; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 80 (1834), nom. illeg., non Silene nutans L. (1753)
= Melandrium fimbriatum Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 280 (1842)
= Melandrium indicum (Roxb. ex Otth) Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 280 (1842)
= Silene thomsonii Majumdar; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 650 (1964)
variant :
var. bhutanica (W.W.Sm.) Bocquet; Candollea 22(1): 13 (1967)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnis bhutanica W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 10: 51 (1917)
= Silene bhutanica (W.W.Sm.) Majumdar; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 649 (1963)
species :
Silene insularis Barbey; Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 21: 220 (1886)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
34 EAI
species :
Silene integripetala Bory & Chaub.; Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 123 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. integripetala
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. elaphonesiaca Oxelman; Willdenowia 25(1): 165 (1995)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. greuteri (Phitos) Akeroyd; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 97(4): 341 (1988)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Silene greuteri Phitos; Bot. Chronika 2(1): 53 (1982)
subspecies :
subsp. lidenii Oxelman; Willdenowia 25(1): 167 (1995)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Silene intramongolica Lazkov; Komarovia 1: 42 (1999)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
species :
Silene intricata Post; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 154 (1895)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
species :
Silene invisa C.L.Hitchc. & Maguire; Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 13: 31 (1947)
Name: Red fir catchfly
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Silene involucrata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 22 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. involucrata
Name: Arctic catchfly
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; Finland; N-European Russia; Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Magadan); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Labrador, N. W. T., Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Yukon)
10 FIN NOR SWE 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Remarks: Subgen. Gastrolychnis
Synonyms: hidden
= Agrostemma involucratum (Cham. & Schltdl.) G.Don; Gen. Hist. 1: 416 (1831)
= Gastrolychnis affinis (J.Vahl ex Fr.) Tolm. & Kozhanzhikov; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 6: 111 (1971)
= Gastrolychnis angustiflora (Rupr.) Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 24 (1845)
= Gastrolychnis involucrata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser, 128(4): 510 (1975 publ.1976)
= Gastrolychnis involucrata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 24 (1845)
= Gastrolychnis involucrata subsp. elatior (Regel) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128: 610 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Gastrolychnis vahlii Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 24 (1845)
= Lychnis affinis J.Vahl ex Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3(3): 36 (1842)
= Lychnis affinis var. angustiflora Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(II): 565 (1862), nom. inval.
= Lychnis apetala var. elatior Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(4): 573 (1862)
= Lychnis apetala var. involucrata Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 1: 43 (1826)
= Lychnis brachycalyx Raup; Sargentia 6: 173 (1947)
= Lychnis furcata (Raf.) Fernald; Rhodora 34: 22 (1932)
= Lychnis furcata subsp. affinis (J.Vahl ex Fr.) Maguire; Rhodora 52: 238 (1950)
= Lychnis furcata subsp. elatior (Regel) Maguire; Rhodora 52: 240 (1950)
= Lychnis gillettii B.Boivin; Canad. Field-Nat. 65: 6 (1951)
= Lychnis intermedia Nasarow; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s. 32: 338 (1924), nom. nud.
= Lychnis triflora Hornem.; Oeder, Fl. Dan. 13: t. 2173 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Lychnis triflora var. elatior (Regel) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 643 (1966)
= Melandrium affine (J.Vahl ex Fr.) J.Vahl; Oeder, Fl. Dan. 14(40): 5 (1843)
= Melandrium affine subsp. angustiflorum (Rupr.) Tolm.; Trudy Bot. Muz. 23: 258 (1932)
= Melandrium affine var. brachycalyx (Raup) Hultén; Ark. Bot., a.s. 7(1): 55 (1967 publ. 1968)
= Melandrium angustiflorum (Rupr.) Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walp.) 1(1): 93 (1848)
= Melandrium brachycalyx Raup
= Melandrium furcatum (Raf.) Hadac; Stud. Bot. Cechica 5: 3 (1942), et Norges Svalb.- og Ishavs-Untersek., Oslo, Skrift. No. 87, 34 (1944)
= Melandrium furcatum subsp. angustiflorum (Rupr.) Hultén
= Melandrium gillettii (B.Boivin) Ritchie; Canad. J. Bot. 34: 298 (1956)
= Melandrium involucratum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rohrb.; Linnaea 36: 216 (1869)
= Melandrium vahlii Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walp.) 1(1): 93 (1848)
= Silene furcata Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 28 (1840), nom. dub.
= Silene furcata subsp. angustiflora (Rupr.) Walters; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 69: 46 (1964)
= Silene involucrata f. glabra (Hultén) Bocquet; Candollea 24: 29 (1969)
= Silene involucrata subsp. angustiflora (Rupr.) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., ser. 4, 13(1): 313 (1971)
= Silene involucrata subsp. elatior (Regel) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 24 (1967)
= Silene involucrata subsp. furcata (Raf.) V.V.Petrovsky & Elven; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 436 (2008)
= Wahlbergella affinis Fr.; Bot. Notiser 1843: 143 (1843)
= Wahlbergella angustiflora Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 24 (1845)
= Wahlbergella involucrata (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 2: 24 (1845)
= Wahlbergella vahlii (Walp.) Rupr.; Beitr. Pfl. Russ. Reich. 2: 24 (1845)
subspecies :
subsp. tenella (Tolm.) Bocquet; Candollea 22: 24 (1967)
Name: Peel River catchfly
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Alaska; Greenland; Canada (Manitoba, N. W. T., Nunavut, Ontario, Yukon)
30 SIB 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gastrolychnis angustiflora subsp. tenella (Tolm.) Tolm. & Kozhanch.; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 6: 110 (1971)
= Gastrolychnis involucrata subsp. tenella (Tolm.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser, 128(4): 510 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Gastrolychnis tenella (Tolm.) Kuvaev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 66(7): 949 (1981)
= Gastrolychnis tenella (Tolm.) V.V.Petrovsky; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 72(12): 1618 (1987), isonym
= Lychnis furcata var. glabra (Hultén) Maguire; Rhodora 52: 240 (1950)
= Lychnis tayloriae B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 150 (1893)
= Lychnis triflora f. glabra (Hultén) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 644 (1966)
= Melandrium affine subsp. tenellum Tolm.; Trudy Bot. Muz. 24: 258, fig. 4 (1932)
= Melandrium angustiflorum subsp. tenellum (Tolm.) Kozhevn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 238 (1981)
= Melandrium tayloriae (B.L.Rob.) Tolm.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 24: 267 (1932)
= Melandrium tayloriae var. glabrum Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 40(1): 705 (1944)
= Melandrium tenellum (Tolm.) Tolm.; Kom., Fl. URSS 6: 721 (1936)
= Silene tayloriae (B.L.Rob.) Hultén; Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 13(1): 313 (1971), as ´taylorae´
= Wahlbergella tayloriae (B.L.Rob.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 318 (1912)
species :
Silene ionica Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 158 (1900)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Oberna, fabaria agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Oberna ionica (Halácsy) Ikonn.; Novosti Sist. Vyss. Rast. 15: 148 (1979)
species :
Silene isabellae Selvi & Bianchi; PhytoKeys 227: 123-134 (2023)
Distribution: C-Albania
13 ALB
Remarks: vallesia agg.
species :
Silene isaurica Contandr. & Quézel; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 123: 415 (1976)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Status uncertain, otites agg.
species :
Silene ispartensis Ghaz.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 97, f. 1 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Silene italica (L.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 498 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. italica
Name: Italienisches Leinkraut (DE), Italian catchfly (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; ?Tunisia; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (SW-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
10 grb 11 AUT ger POL SWI 12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY MLD UKR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: italica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucubalus catholicus Ficinus; Fl. Dresd. 1: 313 (1808) non L.
= Cucubalus clavicarpus Schult.; Observ. Bot.: 81 (1809)
= Cucubalus floccosus Ficinus; Fl. Dresd. 1: 313 (1808)
= Cucubalus italicus L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1030 (1759)
= Cucubalus italicus var. pilosus Waldst. & Kit. ex Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 3 (1818)
= Cucubalus mollissimus Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 3: 277 (1807), nom. illeg.
= Cucubalus pilosus Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 411 (182