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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.8402 Genus Smyrnium L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 262 (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean eastward to Afghanistan
Species listed in database: 5
= Anosmia Bernh.; Linnaea 7: 608 (1832)
= Silerium Raf.; Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 51 (1840)
= Olusatrum (L.) Wolf; Gen. Pl.: 30 (1776)
species :
Smyrnium connatum Boiss. & Kotschy; Unger & Kotschy, Insel Cypern 309 (1865)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania
34 CYP ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium aegyptiacum L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 10 (1755)
species :
Smyrnium cordifolium Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 64 (1846)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Herat); Syria (Jazira)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium androsovii Korovin; Fl. Turkmen. 5: 192 (1951), no Latin descr.
= Smyrnium galaticum Czeczott; Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 9: 38 (1932)
species :
Smyrnium creticum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: no. 4 (1768)
Name: Kretische Gelbdolde (DE); Cretan Alexanders (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece (lowlands, mostly islands); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert)
13 GRC KRI TUE 34 EAI SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anosmia idaea Bernh.; Linnaea 7: 609 (1832)
= Smyrnium aeolicum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 160 (1897)
= Smyrnium apiifolium Willd.; Sp. Pl. 1: 1468 (1798)
= Smyrnium idaeum (Bernh.) M.Hiroe; Umbellif. of World: 422 (1979)
= Smyrnium orphanidis Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 925 (1872)
species :
Smyrnium olusatrum L.; Sp. Pl. 262 (1753)
Name: Gespenst-Gelbdolde (DE); Apio caballar (ES), Common Alexanders (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Monaco; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (widespread in lowlands); Crete; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Faial); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Hierro); Chad; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
10 grb ire 11 ger net 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT PEL PTL SIC SMA TUE 14 kry 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY mdr 24 CHA 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium maritimum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 168 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Smyrnium vulgare Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 525 (1821 publ. 1822)
species :
Smyrnium perfoliatum L.; Sp. Pl. 262 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. perfoliatum
Name: Stängelumfassende Gelbdolde (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (scattered in mainland); European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
10 den grb 11 aut cze ger HUN SLO 12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG MOR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium dioscoridis Spreng.; Sp. Umbellif. 25 (1818)
= Selinum dioscoridis (Spreng.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm. Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 82 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. dimartinoi (Raimondo, Mazzola & Spadaro) Stinca & Pignatti; Phytotaxa 284(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium dimartinoi Raimondo, Mazzola & Spadaro; Fl. Medit. 25: 138, figs. 1-2 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. rotundifolium (Mill.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 135 (1894)
Name: Rundblättrige Gelbdolde
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; S-Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades, Ionian Isl.); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Kos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains)
12 COR SAR 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Smyrnium dodonaei Spreng.; Sp. Umbellif. 24 (1818)
= Smyrnium matthioli C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 127 (1822)
= Smyrnium perfoliatum subsp. rotundifolium (Mill.) Hartvig; Strid (ed.), Mount. Fl. Greece 1: 672 (1986), isonym
= Smyrnium ramosum d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 289 (1822)
= Smyrnium rotundifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 2 (1768)
= Smyrnium rotundifolium var. ovatifolium Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 658 (1901)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life