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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

489.0000 Family Solanaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 124 (1789), nom. cons.
96 genera, ca. 2900 spp. Phylogeny: Olmstead et al. (2008), Cole et al. (2020)
Species listed in database: 2785; hybrids: 19
= Atropaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 57 (1820)
= Browalliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
= Cestraceae Schltdl.; Linnaea 8: 250 (1833)
= Daturaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
= Duckeodendraceae Kuhlm.; Arq. Serv. Florest. 3: 7 (1950)
= Goetzeaceae Miers; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 191 (1870)
= Hyoscyamaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 272, 294 (1818)
= Lyciaceae Raf.; Autik. Bot. 1: 15 (1840)
= Nicotianaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 416 (1820)
= Nolanaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 244 (1820), nom. cons.
= Salpiglossidaceae Hutch.; Evol. Phylog. Fl. Pl.: 631 (1969)
= Sclerophylacaceae Miers; London J. Bot. 7: 58 (1848)
489.7702 Genus Solanum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 184 (1753)
Distribution: Almost cosmopolitan, except Arctic Regions and Antarctica, chiefly tropical and subtropical America (ca. 900), secondary centers in Africa (ca. 50) and Australia (ca. 110). Many species are worldwide weeds. The genus suffers from excessive splitting in the Andes (by potato genetic research) and naming of many (semi)cultivated forms. The taxonomy in the S.-nigrum-group remains disputed (lumping vs. splitting).
Species listed in database: 1228; hybrids: 11
= Amatula Medik.; Bot. Beobacht. 38 (1782), Malv. 106 (1787)
= Androcera Nutt.; Gen. Am. 1: 129 (1818)
= Antimion Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 109 (1840)
= Aquartia Jacq.; Enum. Pl. Carib. 1: 12 (1760)
= Artorhiza Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 138 (1840)
= Bassovia Aubl.; Pl. Gui. 1: 217. t. 85 (1775)
= Battata Hill; Veg. Syst. 9: 32 (1765)
= Bosleria A.Nelson; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 18: 175 (1905)
= Ceranthera Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. 176 (1818)
= Cliocarpus Miers; Ann. Nat. Hist. Ser. II. 4: 141 (1849)
= Codylis Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 1: 191 (1819)
= Cyathostyles Schott ex Meisn.; Gen. Comm. 184 (1840)
= Cyphomandra Mart. ex Sendtn.; Flora 28: 162 (1845)
= Diamonon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 76(1836)
= Dimorphylia Cortés; Revista Med. Trop. (Bogota) 34: 528 (1917)
= Dulcamara Hill; Brit. Herb. 326 (1756)
= Fontqueriella Rothm.; Broteria, Ser. Trimestr. 9: 150 (1940)
= Lycomela Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum.: 194 (1759), nom. superfl.
= Lycopersicon Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
= Melongena Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Normania Lowe; Man. Fl. Mad. 2: 70 (1868)
= Nycterium Vent.; Jard. Malm. t. 85 (1803)
= Pallavicinia De Not.; Flora 30: 567 (1847)
= Parmentiera Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 108 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Petagnia Raf.; Specchio Sci. 1: 157 (1814)
= Pheliandra Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 54 (1940)
= Pionandra Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 353 (1845)
= Pseudocapsicum Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 122 (1789)
= Psolanum Neck.; Elem. Bot. 2: 60 (1790), opus utique oppr.
= Scubulon Raf.; Autikon Botanikon, 109 (1840)
= Solanastrum Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum.: 194 (1759)
= Solanocharis Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 153 (1918)
= Solanopsis Bitter; Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen 21: 282 (1913), nom. superfl.
= Triguera Cav.; Diss. 2(App.): 1 (1786), nom. cons.
species :
Solanum abitaguense S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 290 (1986)
Distribution: Colombia (Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum abortivum Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 93 (1985)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum absconditum Agra; Syst. Bot. 33(3): 556 (2008)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Pará); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Pernambuco)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum abutilifolium Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4: 229 (1895)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); N-Brazil (Rondônia)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum canaminense Rusby; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 7: 347 (1927)
species :
Solanum abutiloides (Griseb.) Bitter & Lillo; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 136 (1913)
Name: Zwerg-Baumtomate (DE); Fruta dorada (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (La Palma [I], Tenerife [I]); Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
21 cny 50 aus 83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra abutiloides Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 249 (1879)
= Solanum hibiscifolium Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 88 (1896)
species :
Solanum acanthodapis A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(2): 250 (2002)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum acaule Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 391 (1912)
Name: Apharuma
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, San Juan, Tucuman)
83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acaule f. incuyo Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 390 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum acaule subsp. punae (Juz.) Hawkes & Hjert.; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay: 249 (1969)
= Solanum acaule var. caulescens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 453 (1913)
= Solanum acaule var. checcae Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 22, 115 (1944)
= Solanum acaule var. punae (Juz.) Hawkes; Techn. Commun. Imp. Bur. Pl. Breed. Genet. 2: 23 (1944)
= Solanum acaule var. subexinterruptum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 393 (1912)
= Solanum depexum Juz.; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 317 (1937)
= Solanum depexum var. chorruense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 23, 115 (1944)
= Solanum punae Juz.; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol., 316 (1937)
= Solanum schreiteri Bukasov; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 715 (1938), anglice
= Solanum uyunense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 33 (1956)
species :
Solanum accrescens Standl. & C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1075 (1938)
Distribution: Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum accrescens subsp. floccosum Agra; VII Congreso Lationoamericano y II Colombiano de Botanica 200 (2004)
= Solanum julocrotonoides Klotzsch ex Schomb.; Fauna Fl. Brit. Gui.: 1154 (1849), nom. nud.
species :
Solanum acerifolium Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 41 (1816)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy); Peru; N-Brazil (Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acerosum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 61 (1846)
= Solanum arcuatum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 60 (1846)
= Solanum hastatum Mart. ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 61 (1846)
= Solanum luteovirescens Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 238 (1852)
= Solanum quinquangulare Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 669 (1819)
species :
Solanum achorum S.R.Stern; PhytoKeys 1: 60 (2010)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum acroglossum Juz.; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol., 313 (1937)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum paucissectum Ochoa; Agron., Lima 27: 365 (1960), reimpr.
species :
Solanum acropterum Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 437 (1862)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
species :
Solanum acroscopicum Ochoa; Agronomia 18: No. 74, 16 (1954)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum lopez-camarenae Ochoa; Anales Ci., Univ. Nac. Agrar., Lima 12: 12 (1974)
species :
Solanum actaeibotrys Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 192 (1899)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum vulpinum Rusby; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 55: 418 (1907)
species :
Solanum actephilum Guillaumin; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 465 (1941)
Distribution: New Caledonia (C-New Caledonia)
60 NWC
species :
Solanum aculeastrum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 366 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. aculeastrum
Name: Goat Apple, Bitter Apple
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I])
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aculeastrum subsp. pachychlamys Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 173 (1923)
= Solanum aculeastrum subsp. sapiaceum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 171 (1923)
= Solanum aculeastrum var. albifolium (C.H.Wright) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 170 (1923)
= Solanum aculeastrum var. conraui (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 170 (1923)
= Solanum aculeastrum var. exarmatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 169 (1923)
= Solanum aculeastrum var. parceaculeatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 169 (1923)
= Solanum albifolium C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 127 (1894)
= Solanum conraui Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 242 (1912)
= Solanum dregei C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk.: 101 (1844)
= Solanum dregei Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 288 (1852)
= Solanum rugulosum De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 433 (1922)
= Solanum sapiaceum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 60 (1905)
= Solanum saponaceum Welw.; Apont.: 588 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Solanum sodomaeum Drège ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 367 (Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 147) (1852)
= Solanum subhastatum De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 437 (1922)
subspecies :
subsp. thomsonii (C.H.Wright) P.-M.L.Jaeger; Solanum Africa 76 (2011)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum protodasypogon Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 173 (1923)
= Solanum thomsonii C.H.Wright; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 217 (1906)
species :
Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 100 (1787)
Name: Tropical soda apple (EN), Zurückgebogener Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I]); Mauritania [I]; Guinea [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Liberia [I]; Liberia [I]; Mali [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Nigeria [I]; Cameroon [I]; Principe Isl. [I]; São Tomé [I]; Equatorial Guinea [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Central African Republic [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Rwanda [I]; South Sudan [c]; Ethiopia [I]; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Zambia [I]; Malawi [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hunan [I], Jiangxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I]); Tibet [I]; Taiwan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Assam [I], Himachal Pradesh [I], Manipur [I], Meghalaya [I], Nagaland [I], Sikkim [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I] (Central Nicobars [I]); Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Java [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I]); Mexico [I]; SE-Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Guaira)
11 ger 21 cvi 22 bkn gha gui ivo lbr mli mtn nga sie tog 23 caf cmn con eqg pri rwa sao zai 24 eth ssu 25 ken tan uga 26 ang mlw moz zam zim 27 les saf 36 chi tib 38 tai 40 ban bhu ind nep 41 lao mya ncb tha 42 jaw 75 usa 78 usa 79 mex 84 BRA 85 PAR
Remarks: S. reflexum (viridiflorum) is frequently kept separate
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aculeatissimum var. dolichoplum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 151 (1923)
= Solanum aculeatissimum var. hispidissimum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 244 (1852)
= Solanum aculeatissimum var. purpureum A.Chev.; Explor. Bot. Afrique Occ. Franc. 460 (1920)
= Solanum angustispinosum De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 397 (1914)
= Solanum campechiense Banks ex Aiton; Hort. Kew. 1: 251 (1789)
= Solanum cavaleriei H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 207 (1908)
= Solanum horridissimum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 59 (1846)
= Solanum horridum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 134 (1796)
= Solanum khasianum C.B.Clarke; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 234 (1883)
= Solanum khasianum var. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta
= Solanum macinae A.Chev.; Expl. Bot. Afr. Occ. Franc. 1: 463 (1920), nomen
= Solanum martiusianum Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 604 (1841)
= Solanum molle Schrank; Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac.: t. 81 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Solanum polyacanthos L´Hér. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 244 (1852)
= Solanum reflexum Schrank; Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac.: t. 81 (1821)
= Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 292 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum acuminatum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 34. t. 159 (1799)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum hypomicropogon Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: xviii.56 (1922)
= Solanum pearcei Britton ex Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4: 227 (1895)
= Solanum triste Glocker ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 147 (1852), nom. inval.
species :
Solanum acutilobum Dunal ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 772 (1814)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Rondônia)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum fieldingii Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 188 (1852)
= Solanum hyoscyamifolium Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 190 (1899)
= Solanum myrianthum Britton ex Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 191 (1899)
= Solanum paniculatum var. acutilobum (Dunal) Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 81 (1846)
species :
Solanum adamantium Gouvêa; Syst. Bot. 44(4): 923 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum adenobasis M.Nee & Farruggia; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4(2): 598 (2010)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum adenophorum F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 162 (1860)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum adoense Hochst. ex A.Br.; Flora 24: I. 278 (1841), nom. subnud.
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; SW-Saudi Arabia
24 ERI ETH 35 SAU
Remarks: often included in S. anguivi s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum adoense Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 105 (1851)
= Solanum adoense Hochst. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 282 (1852)
= Solanum brucei Delile ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 282 (1852)
= Solanum indicum subsp. adoense (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 31 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. gondarense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 32 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. halaiense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 33 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. uollense Chiov.; Malpighia 35: 47 (1939)
= Solanum uollense (Chiov.) Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 131 (1951)
species :
Solanum adoxum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(2): 219 (2014)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum adscendens Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 17 (1846)
Name: Sonoita nightshade
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Maryland, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica
76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum amarantoides var. hirtellum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 56 (1852)
species :
Solanum adspersum Witasek; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 79: 360 (1910), Just´s Bot. Jahresb. 39: II. 307
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum aemulans Bitter & Wittm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: Suppl. 553 (1914)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, La Rioja)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acaule subsp. aemulans (Bitter) Hawkes & Hjert.; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay: 249 (1969)
= Solanum acaule var. aemulans (Bitter) Correll; Wrightia 2: 169 (1961)
= Solanum ×indunii K.A.Okada & A.M.Clausen; Euphytica 31(3): 827 (1982)
species :
Solanum aethiopicum L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 10 (1756)
Distribution: known only in cultivation; Egypt (SE-Egypt [I]); Senegal [I]; Guinea [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Liberia [I]; Mali [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Niger [I]; Nigeria [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; São Tomé [I]; Equatorial Guinea [I]; Gabon [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Central African Republic [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Chad [I]; South Sudan [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Somalia [I]; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Zambia [I]; Malawi [I]; Mozambique [I]; Madagascar [I]; China [I] (Henan [I], Yunnan [I]); Taiwan [I]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [I]; Vietnam [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; Antigua [I]; Barbados [I]
20 EGY 22 ben bkn gha gui ivo lbr mli nga ngr sen sie tog 23 bio caf cmn con eqg gab sao zai 24 cha eri eth som ssu 25 ken tan uga 26 ang mlw moz zam 29 mdg 36 chi 38 tai 40 ind srl 41 vie 81 aba bbd stm
Synonyms: hidden
= Lycopersicon aethiopicum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. no. 3 (1768)
= Pseudocapsicum torulosum Moench; Methodus 2: 477 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Solanum aethiopicum var. aculeatum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 148 (1813)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. armatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. giorgii (De Wild.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. inerme Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 148 (1813)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. integrifolium (Poir.) O.E.Schulz; Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 211 (1909)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. modicelobatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum aethiopicum var. paaschenianum (H.J.P.Winkl.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 47 (1923)
= Solanum ambrosiacum Vell.; Fl. Flumin.: 90 (1829)
= Solanum aurantiacum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 55 (1846)
= Solanum brieyi De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 404 (1914)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium Willd. ex Steud.; Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 602 (1841), nom. inval.
= Solanum elskensii De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 403 (1914)
= Solanum esculentum var. inerme Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 355 (1852)
= Solanum geminifolium Thonn.; Schumach. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 121 (1827)
= Solanum gilo Raddi; Mem. Soc. Ital. Moden. 18: Fis. 410 (1820)
= Solanum gilo Req. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 360 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum gilo subsp. megalacanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 59 (1923)
= Solanum gilo subsp. monteiroi (C.H.Wright) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 56 (1923)
= Solanum gilo var. ellipsoideum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 53 (1923)
= Solanum gilo var. erectifructum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 54 (1923)
= Solanum gilo var. pierreanum (Paill. & Bois) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 54 (1923)
= Solanum gilo var. sparseaculeatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 59 (1923)
= Solanum giorgii De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 401 (1914)
= Solanum hybridum Jacq.; Hort. Vindob. 2: 51. t. 113 (1772)
= Solanum indicum subsp. ambifarium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 37 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. armatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. giorgii (De Wild.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. modicelobatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 46 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. paaschenianum (H.J.P.Winkl.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 47 (1923)
= Solanum integrifolium Poir.; Lam. Encyc. 4: 301 (1797)
= Solanum kupperi Merxm.; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 1: 30 (1950)
= Solanum lobelii Ten.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 14: 344 (1850)
= Solanum lusitanicum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 238 (1813)
= Solanum melongena var. inerme (Dunal) C.H.Wright; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 242 (1906)
= Solanum monteiroi C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 127 (1894)
= Solanum naumannii Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 64 (1886)
= Solanum obtusifolium Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 11 (1814)
= Solanum olivare Paill. & Bois; Potag. Cur., ed. 2, 386 (1892)
= Solanum ovatifolium De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 432 (1922)
= Solanum paaschenianum H.J.P.Winkl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 41: 285 (1908)
= Solanum pierreanum Paill. & Bois; Bull. Soc. Natl. Acclim. France 37: 483 (1890)
= Solanum poggei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 242 (1912)
= Solanum pseudomelongena Ten.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 14: 345 (1850)
= Solanum racemiflorum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 147 (1813)
= Solanum scabrum Jacq.; Pl. Hort. Schoenbr.: 3 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Solanum scabrum Zuccagni; Roem. Collect. 133 (1806) non Mill.
= Solanum sparsespinosum De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 399 (1914)
= Solanum subsessile De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 407 (1914)
= Solanum sudanense Hammerst.; Beih. Tropenpflanz. 19: 95 (1919)
= Solanum texanum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 359 (1852)
= Solanum texanum Ten.; Atti Real Ist. Incoragg. Sci. Nat. Napoli 8: 328 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Solanum willdenowii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 661 (1819)
= Solanum worsleyi W.Watson; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 27: 18 (1900)
= Solanum zuccagnianum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 149. t. 11 (1813), nom. nov. for S. scabrum Zucc.
= Solanum zuccagnianum var. allogonum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 351 (1852)
species :
Solanum affine Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 63 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum jatrophifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 246 (1852)
= Solanum micans Witasek; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 79: 349 (1910)
= Solanum platanifolium var. lagoense Hiern; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1877-1878: 51 (1877)
= Solanum spectabile var. subhastatum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 65 (1846)
species :
Solanum africanum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 26 (1768)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum africanum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 238 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Solanum aggerum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 103 (1852)
= Solanum crassifolium Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 2: 16 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Solanum exasperatum Drège ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 104 (1852)
= Solanum geniculatum Drège ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 105 (1852)
= Solanum longipes Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 85 (1852)
= Solanum quadrangulare var. crassifolium (Lam.) Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: 431 (1917)
= Solanum quadrangulare var. glabrum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 179 (1906)
= Solanum quadrangulare var. integrifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 77 (1852)
= Solanum quadrangulare var. sinuatoangulatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 77 (1852)
= Solanum vandellianum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 241 (1813)
= Witheringia crassifolia (Lam.) Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 108 (1813)
species :
Solanum agnewiorum Voronts.; Phytotaxa 10: 32 (2010)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Solanum agnoston S.Knapp; PhytoKeys 22: 39 (2013)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum agrarium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 69 (1846)
Distribution: Jamaica; St. Barthélémy; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Bolívar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Zulia); Guyana; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
81 ARU BON CUR JAM SBA 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA
Remarks: to be expected in Surinam and French Guiana
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum argillicola Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 236 (1852)
= Solanum salzmannianum Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 293 (1847)
species :
Solanum agrimonifolium Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 154 (1924), nom. illeg., non (Dunal) Pav. ex Dunal 1852
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
species :
Solanum alatirameum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 88 (1919)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum alatum Moench; Methodus 474 (1794), nom. cons.
Name: Rotbeeriger Nachtschatten, Mennigroter Nachtschatten (DE); Yerbamora roja (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary; Croatia; North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Belarus [I]; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Hierro, Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote); Nigeria; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], N-Cape Prov. [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul, Parwan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan (widespread); Bhutan [I]
11 ger HUN slo 13 ALB CRO GRC KRI NMA TUE 14 blr RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 22 NGA 23 BUR 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG 27 saf 33 ARM 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ LEB SIN SYR TUR 38 tai 40 bhu PAK
Remarks: sometimes included in S. villosum s. l. Distribution of synonyms between both taxa is disputed.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum luteum subsp. alatum (Moench) Dostál; Kvétena CSR 1270 (1949)
= Solanum luteum var. alatum (Moench) Vollm.; 644 (1914)
= Solanum nigrum var. humile Fr.; Novit. Fl. Svec.: 111 (1824), non S. humile Lam. 1794
= Solanum nigrum subsp. humile (Fr.) Hartm.; Sv. Norsk Exc.-Fl.: 34 (1846)
= Solanum melanocerasum var. pubescens Bluff & Fingerh.; 272 (1825)
= Solanum nigrum proles alatum (Moench) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 366 (1908)
= Solanum nigrum f. angulosum Döll; Rhein. Flor. 413 (1843)
= Solanum nigrum subsp. alatum (Moench) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen [2] 309 (1871)
= Solanum villosum subsp. puniceum Edmonds; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 78: 215 (1979), nom. superfl.
= Solanum nigrum subsp. puniceum Kirschl.; Fl. Alsace 1: 532 (1852), nom. superfl.
= Solanum nigrum subsp. virginicum (L.) Pers.; 224 (1805)
= Solanum nigrum var. alatum (Moench) Fiek; 314 (1881)
= Solanum nigrum var. alatum (Moench) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 2: 311 (1926), isonym
= Solanum nigrum var. angulosum Döll; 413 (1843)
= Solanum nigrum var. luteum Döll; Fl. Baden [Döll] 767 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Solanum nigrum var. rubrum Horv.; 27 (1774)
= Solanum puniceum (Kirschl.) C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 4: 176 (1826) nom. superfl.
= Solanum rubrum Gilib.; 38 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Solanum rubrum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. no. 4 (1768) non L.
= Solanum villosum subsp. alatum (Moench) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 11 (1984), isonym
= Solanum villosum subsp. alatum (Moench) Gremli; 294 (1874)
= Solanum villosum subsp. alatum (Moench) J.M.Edmonds; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 171 (1977)
= Solanum villosum var. alatum (Moench) Asch.; 78 (1859)
= Solanum villosum var. alatum (Moench) Marzell; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 2594 (1927)
= Solanum villosum var. laevigatum Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 2: 76 (1872)
= Solanum vulgare (L.) Simonk.; 410 (1887), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum albescens (Britton) Hunz.; Kurtziana 4: 137 (1967)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Capsicum albescens (Britton) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 218 (1898)
= Poecilochroma albescens Britton; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 91 (1896)
= Solanocharis albescens (Britton) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 153 (1918)
species :
Solanum albicans (Ochoa) Ochoa; Phytologia 54(5): 392 (1983)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acaule subsp. albicans (Ochoa) Hawkes & Hjert.; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay: 249 (1969)
= Solanum acaule subsp. palmirense Kardolus; Biosyst. Analysis Solanum acaule: 85 (1998)
= Solanum acaule var. albicans Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 27: 363 (1960)
species :
Solanum albidum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 206 (1813)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I]); Colombia [I]; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Argentina (Salta)
21 cvi 82 clm 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum albidum var. poortmanii André; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 58: 232 (1886)
= Solanum corymbosum Banks ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 347 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum cymosum Ortega; Nov. Pl. Descr. Dec.: 12 (1797)
= Solanum grandiflorum Desf.; Hist. Arbr. France 1: 169 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Solanum incanum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 40 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Solanum macrophyllum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 199 (1813)
= Solanum mandonis subsp. carabayense Bitter; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 111: 66 (1913)
= Solanum mandonis Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Van Heurck, Obs. Bot. 78 (1870)
= Solanum mandonis var. dryophyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Spec. Nov. 11: 487 (1913)
= Solanum mandonis var. tardecalvescens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Spec. Nov. 11: 487 (1913)
= Solanum oporinum Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 238 (1809)
= Solanum paniculatum var. chulumani Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 279 (1852)
species :
Solanum albornozii Correll; Wrightia 2: 178 (1961)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum albostellatum R.W.Davis & P.J.H.Hurter; Nuytsia 22(5): 330 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum aldabrense C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 149 (1894)
Distribution: Aldabra (Aldabra Isl., Cosmoledo Isl., Astove Isl.)
29 ALD
Remarks: often included in S. anguivi s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum indicum var. aldabrense (C.H.Wright) Fosberg; Kew Bull. 33(1): 141 (1978)
species :
Solanum aligerum Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 301 (1847)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Costa Rica; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
79 MEX 80 COS 83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra clavata (Rusby) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 95(5-6): 295 (1984)
= Solanum clavatum Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 87 (1896)
= Solanum dotanum C.V.Morton & Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1079 (1938)
= Solanum grossum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 178 (1976)
= Solanum manicatum Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: Beibl. 111, 63 (1913)
= Solanum pterocladum Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Observ. Bot. Descript. Pl. Nov. Herb. Van Heurckiani 1: 44 (1870)
species :
Solanum alliariifolium M.Nee & Särkinen; PhytoKeys 47: 99 (2015)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
species :
Solanum allophyllum (Miers) Standl.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 17: 16 (1927)
Distribution: Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Cesar, Chocó, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander, Sucre); Venezuela (Apure, Bolívar, Guarico, Zulia)
80 COS HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bassovia ellipsoideibaccata (Bitter) Pittier; Pittier et al., Cat. Fl. Venezuela 2: (3rd Conf. Interamer. Agric. Caracas) 356 (1947)
= Cyphomandra allophylla (Miers) Hemsl.; Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 417 (1882)
= Pionandra allophylla Miers; Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, 174 (1854)
= Solanum ellipsoideibaccatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 486 (1913)
= Solanum ellipsoideibaccatum var. ficilobum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 173 (1914)
species :
Solanum aloysiifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 73 (1852)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bermejense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 87 (1913)
= Solanum collectaneum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentine Sp. Solanum: 67 (1976)
= Solanum filiforme var. lanceolatum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 225 (1898)
= Solanum filiforme var. subdentatum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 226 (1898)
= Solanum lorentzii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 2 (1912)
= Solanum melanostictocarpum Gilli; Feddes Repert. 94(5): 321 (1983)
= Solanum oligodontum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 215 (1912)
= Solanum polytrichostylum var. lorentzii (Bitter) Edmonds; Kew Bull. 27(1): 106 (1972)
species :
Solanum alphonsi Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 69 (1852)
Distribution: Chile (O´Higgins, Maule)
85 CLE
Remarks: often included in S. pinnatum s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum alphonsi var. taguatagua Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 70 (1852)
= Solanum germaini Phil.; Linnaea 29: 23 (1858)
= Solanum tenuicaule Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 13 (1895)
species :
Solanum alpinum Zoll. & O.Moritzi; Natuur-Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indie 2: 571 (1845)
Distribution: Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok)
42 JAW LSI
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum anacamptocarpum Dunal; Prodr. (DC.) 13(1): 59 (1852)
= Solanum bromoense Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 453 (1891)
= Solanum dichrophyllum Dunal; Prodr. (DC.) 13(1): 48 (1852), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Solanum viscidissimum Zoll. & O.Moritzi; Natuur-Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indie 2: 571 (1845)
species :
Solanum alternatopinnatum Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 600 (1841)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canelones, Cordillera, Guaira); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum juciri f. paraguariense Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 118 (1911)
= Solanum juciri Mart. ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 110 (1846)
= Solanum juciri var. inermis Glaz.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 3: 497 (1911)
= Solanum oleraceum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 89 2: t. 125 (nom. illeg.) (1829)
= Solanum viridipes Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: t. 234 (1852)
= Solanum viridipes var. intermedium Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 239 (1918)
species :
Solanum amayanum Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 66: 1 (1989)
Distribution: Peru (Huancavelica)
83 PER
species :
Solanum amblophyllum Hook.; Bot. Misc. 2: 231 (1831)
Distribution: Colombia (Quindío); Peru
82 CLM 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum hypostichopogon Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 95 (1919)
species :
Solanum amblymerum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 294 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum violaceum var. amblymerum (Dunal) Maiden & Betche; Census New South Wales Pl. 181 (1916)
species :
Solanum americanum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 5 (1768)
Name: Mata gallina, Yerba mora (ES); West Indian Nightshade (EN); Westindischer Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: W-Europe [I]; C-Europe [I]; Germany [I]; S-Europe [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I]); Senegal [I]; Gambia [I]; Guinea [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Liberia [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Nigeria [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; São Tomé [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Chad [I]; South Sudan [I]; Somalia [I]; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Zanzibar [I]; Angola [I]; Zambia [I]; Malawi [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Madagascar [I]; Comores [I]; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [I] (Ile Europa [I], Juan de Nova Isl. [I]); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Iles Glorieuses [I]; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Uzbekistan [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Hainan [I], Hunan [I], Jiangxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; South China Sea Isl. [I]; Singapore [I]; Sumatra [I]; Borneo [I]; Sulawesi [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Cocos [Keeling] Isl. [I]; Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Guinea [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I] (incl. Philip Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (Vava´u [I], Late Isl. [I]); Fiji [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I], Ta´u [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I], Palmerston [I], Rakahanga [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Hatutaa [I], Nuku Hiva [I], Hiva Oa [I], Ua Pou [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I]; Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Henderson Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Palau [I] (Koror [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Malakal [I], Pohnpei [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I], Arno [I], Jaluit [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kure Isl. [I], Midway Isl. [I], Pearl and Hermes Reef [I], Lisianski Isl. [I], Lanai [I], Nihoa [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I], Niihau [I]); Canada (British Columbia); USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Washington, Illinois, New York); Bermuda; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Isla Guadalupe; Revillagigedos Isl. [I] (Isla Socorro [I]); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; +Clipperton Isl. [I]; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Puerto Rico; Navassa Isl.; Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); Nevis; St. Kitts; Antigua and Barbuda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Marie-Galante; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenadines; St. Vincent; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Tocantins, Acre, Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caazapa, Canelones, Bocqueron, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Neembucu, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Misiones); Chile (Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins)
11 ger 21 cny cvi 22 ben gam gha gui ivo lbr nga sen sie tog 23 bio cmn con sao 24 cha som ssu 25 ken tan uga 26 ang mlw moz zam zim 27 bot les nam saf 29 com igl mau mci mdg reu 30 sib 32 uzb 36 chi 38 jap kor nns tai 40 ban bhu ind ldv nep srl 41 cbd lao mya vie 42 bor cki jaw nwg phi scs sng sul sum xms 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm ker nzl 60 asa fij rot sam ton van 61 coo eas hen mrq pit tua 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu 63 haw 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 GLP MEX rgi 80 BLZ cli COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ARU BAH BBD BER BON CAY CUB CUR DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS NAV PUE STK STL STV TCI TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR SWC VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.) Broad circumscription including S. nodiflorum fide Särkinen 2018 and Knapp et al. 2019. See also S. emulans for the widespread North American sister species. Many listed synonyms might belong to another species of the group
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum amarantoides Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 55 (1852)
= Solanum americanum subsp. nodiflorum (Jacq.) R.J.F.Hend.; Austrobaileya 2(5): 555 (1988)
= Solanum americanum subsp. nutans (R.J.F.Hend.) R.J.F.Hend.; Austrobaileya 2(5): 555 (1988)
= Solanum americanum var. nodiflorum (Jacq.) Edmonds; J. Arnold Arbor. 52(4): 634 (1971)
= Solanum americanum var. odishense Kalidass & P.Murugan; Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 23(1): 83, fig. 1 (2016), et Solanum E. Ghats: 23 (2019)
= Solanum americanum var. patulum (L.) Edmonds; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75(2): 171 (1977)
= Solanum asperum Hornem. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 49 (1844), nom. inval.
= Solanum calvum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 81 (1913)
= Solanum curtipes Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 228 (1912)
= Solanum depilatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 88 (1913)
= Solanum desvauxii Ham.; Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid. 26 (1825), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Solanum erythrocarpon G.Mey.; Prim. Fl. Esseq. 109 (1818)
= Solanum imerinense Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 566 (1913)
= Solanum inconspicuum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 204 (1912)
= Solanum indecorum A.Rich.; Fl. Cub. Fanerog. 2: 121 (1853)
= Solanum inops Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 55 (1852)
= Solanum merrillianum Liou; Contr. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping 3: 455 (1935)
= Solanum microspermum Dunal; Solan. Syn. 12 (1816)
= Solanum minutibaccatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 549 (1912)
= Solanum minutibaccatum subsp. curtipedunculatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 205 (1912)
= Solanum nigrum f. grandifolium O.E.Schulz; Symb. Antill. (Urb.) 6: 160 (1909)
= Solanum nigrum f. nodiflorum (Jacq.) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 637 (1856)
= Solanum nigrum f. parvifolium O.E.Schulz; Symb. Antill. (Urb.) 6: 160 (1909)
= Solanum nigrum f. rumphii (Dunal) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 637 (1856)
= Solanum nigrum f. uniflorum Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 638 (1856)
= Solanum nigrum subsp. aguaraquiya Piso ex Sendtn.; Fl. Bras. (Mart. ) 10: 17 (1846)
= Solanum nigrum subsp. nodiflorum (Jacq.) Sendtn.; Fl. Bras. (Mart.) 10: 16 (1846)
= Solanum nigrum var. aguaraquiya (Sendtn.) Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 13 (1910)
= Solanum nigrum var. americanum (Mill.) O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 160 (1909)
= Solanum nigrum var. angulosum Sendtn.; Fl. Bras. (Mart.) 10: 16 (1846)
= Solanum nigrum var. heterogonum (Dunal) Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 14 (1910)
= Solanum nigrum var. minus Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20(2): 201 (1847)
= Solanum nigrum var. nodiflorum (Jacq.) A.Gray; Synopt. Fl. N. Amer 2(1): 228 (1878)
= Solanum nigrum var. nodiflorum (Jacq.) Hitchc.; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 111 (1893 nom. illeg.
= Solanum nigrum var. oleraceum (Dunal) Hitchc.; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard 4: 111 (1893)
= Solanum nigrum var. patulum L.; Sp. Pl. 186 (1753)
= Solanum nigrum var. pauciflorum Liou; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 454 (1935)
= Solanum nigrum var. violaceum H.Y.Chen ex Wessely; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 63: 293 (1960), nom. nud.
= Solanum nigrum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 85 (1829), nom. illeg., non L.
= Solanum nodiflorum Desv. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 46 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum nodiflorum Jacq.; Ic. Pl. Rar. 2: 288. t. 326 (1787), and Collectanea 2: 288 (1788)
= Solanum nodiflorum subsp. nutans R.J.F.Hend.; Contrib. Queensland Herb. 16: 30 (1974)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. acuminatum Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 2: 811 (1902), nom. inval.
= Solanum nodiflorum var. macrophyllum Dunal; Prodr. (DC.) 13(1): 46 (1852)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. petiolastrum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 46 (1852)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. sapucayense Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 150 (1916)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. sativum A.Chev.; Explor. Bot. Afrique Occ. Franc. 1: 464 (1920)
= Solanum oleraceum Dunal; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 750 (1814)
= Solanum pachystylum Polgar.; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New. Zealand 69: 280 (1940)
= Solanum papilionaceum Dum.Cours.; Bot. Cult. ed. I. Suppl. 153 (1802)
= Solanum patulum (L.) Roth; Catalect. fasc. 2: 23 (1800)
= Solanum patulum Kit. ex Kanitz; Linnaea 32: 440 (1863), nom illeg., not Solanum patulum (L.) Roth (1800)
= Solanum pauciflorum (Liou) H.Y.Zhang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 19: 131 (1999), nom. inval.
= Solanum photeinocarpum Nakam. & Odash.; J. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan 8: 54 (1936)
= Solanum photeinocarpum var. violaceum (Chen ex Wessely) C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 72 (1978)
= Solanum pterocaulum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 153 (1813)
= Solanum pterocaulum var. aguaraquiya (Sendtn.) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 52 (1852)
= Solanum ptychanthum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 54 (1852)
= Solanum quadrangulare L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 147 (1782)
= Solanum rumphii Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 157 (1813)
= Solanum sancti-thomae Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 560 (1913)
= Solanum sciaphilum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 220 (1912)
= Solanum strictum Zuccagni; Roem. Collect. 132 (1806)
= Solanum suffruticosum var. merrillianum (Liou) C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Fl. Hainan. 3: 586 (1974)
= Solanum tenellum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 219 (1912)
= Solanum tenuiflorum Steud.; Nomencl. ed. 2, 2: 606 (1841), nom. nov. for S. nigrum Vell.
= Solanum umbelliferum Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Parke, Bot. 7(3): 12 (1856), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum amicorum Benth.; Hook. Lond. Journ Bot. 2: 227 (1843)
Distribution: Tonga (Late Isl., Tongatapu, Vava´u, ´Eua); Niue; ?[Western] Samoa
60 NUE TON
species :
Solanum ammophilum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 789 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum amnicola S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 295 (1986)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum amorimii S.Knapp & Giacomin; PhytoKeys 47: 7 (2015)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum amotapense Svenson; Amer. J. Bot. 33: 483 (1946)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Remarks: Cyphomandra sect. Cyphomandropsis, status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra amotapensis (Svenson) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 95(5-6): 295 (1984)
= Cyphomandra villosa Steyerm.; Phytologia 9: 348 (1963)
species :
Solanum amygdalifolium Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 600 (1841)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Bocqueron, Concepcion, Cordillera, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Colonia, Montevideo, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum angustifolium Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 2: 18 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Solanum angustifolium var. macrophyllum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 90 (1852)
= Solanum brittonianum Morong; Ann. New York Acad. sci. 7: 174 (1893)
= Solanum handelianum Morong; Ann. New York Acad. sci. 7: 175 (1893)
= Solanum persicifolium Mart.; Flora 21: II. Beibl. 78 (1838), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum anamatophilum Ochoa; Anal. Cient. Univ. Agr. (1964)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum peloquinianum Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 57(1): 33 (1980)
species :
Solanum anceps Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 36. t. 169 (1799)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Valle); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso)
80 PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bassovia anceps (Ruiz & Pav.) Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 197 (1899)
= Bassovia platyneura H.J.P.Winkl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 248 (1909)
= Bassovia richardii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 406 (1852)
= Bassovia richardii var. martii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 406 (1852)
= Bassovia sylvatica Aubl.; Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 217 (1775)
= Capsicum richardii (Dunal) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 450 (1891)
= Capsicum sylvaticum (Aubl.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 450 (1891)
= Solanum aubletii Pulle; Enum. Pl. Surinam, 411 (1906)
= Solanum bassovia Dunal; Encycl., Suppl. 3: 754 (1814)
= Solanum conjungens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 12 (1912)
= Solanum hederiradiculum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 12 (1912)
= Solanum sylvaticum (Aubl.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 330 (1921)
= Solanum theobromophyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 472 (1912)
= Solanum theobromophyllum var. procerius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 145 (1913)
species :
Solanum andreanum Baker; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. 20: 498 (1884)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Nariño, Putumayo); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum baezense Ochoa; Phytologia 54: 391 (1983)
= Solanum burtonii Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 59(6): 263 (1982)
= Solanum correllii Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 58(5): 223 (1981)
= Solanum cyanophyllum Correll; Wrightia 2: 180 (1961)
= Solanum paucijugum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 431 (1912)
= Solanum pichinchense Bitter & Sodiro; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 533 (1912)
= Solanum regularifolium Correll; Wrightia 2: 194 (1961)
= Solanum serratoris Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 67: 381 (1990)
= Solanum solisii Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 51, 125 (1944)
= Solanum suffrutescens Correll; Wrightia 2: 183 (1961)
= Solanum tuquerrense Hawkes; Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., Lond., Ser. 12 7: 693 (1954)
species :
Solanum anfractum Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 93 (1985)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum anguivi Lam.; Illustr. 2: 23 (1794)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Aldabra [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I] (Mizoram [I]); Australia [I] (Queensland [I])
22 BEN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG RWA SAO ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 ald COM mau MDG reu 40 ind nep 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aethiopicum subsp. anguivi (Lam.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci; Nat. Hist. Sci. 15(1): 19 (2017)
= Solanum albidum De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 396 (1914) nom. illeg.
= Solanum albiflorum De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 422 (1922), nom. illeg.
= Solanum aurantiacobaccatum De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 421 (1922)
= Solanum batangense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 239 (1912)
= Solanum buettneri Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 59 (1905)
= Solanum carvalhoi Dammer; A. Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 355 (1895)
= Solanum cultum De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 406 (1914)
= Solanum dichroanthum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 340 (1915)
= Solanum dinklagei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 241 (1912)
= Solanum distichum Schumach. & Thonn.; Beskr. Guin. Pl. 122 (1827) nom. nud.
= Solanum flamignii De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 399 (1914)
= Solanum grotei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 342 (1915)
= Solanum halophilum Pax; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 648 (1907)
= Solanum hermannii Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 212 (1813), nom. superfl.
= Solanum indicum subsp. clinocarpum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 37 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. distichum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 13 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. grandifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 29 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. mesodolichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 34 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. newtonii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 19 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. olivaceum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 28 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. pervilleanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 38 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. rohrii (C.H.Wright) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 23 (1923)
= Solanum indicum subsp. zechii Dammer ex Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 36 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. arussorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 35 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. breviaculeatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 25 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. brevipedicellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 15 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. brevistellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 21 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. bukobense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 24 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. busogae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 37 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. carvalhoi (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 27 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. depauperatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 15 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. dichroanthum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 18 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. eldamae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 35 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. grandemunitum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 17 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. grotei (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 22 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. halophilum (Pax) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 18 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. immunitum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 14 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. inerme Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Observ. Bot. Descript. Pl. Nov. Herb. Van Heurckiani 2: 133 (1871)
= Solanum indicum var. jaegeri (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 27 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. kandtii (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 26 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. kiwuense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 25 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. lividum (Link) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 10 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. maroanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 10 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. micranthum Hook.f.; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 18 (1861)
= Solanum indicum var. modicearmatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 16 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. monbuttorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 17 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. nguelense (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 25 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. parvifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 310 (1852)
= Solanum indicum var. profundelobatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 26 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. pseudogeminifolium (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 22 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. sakarense (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 25 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. spathotrichum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 24 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. subquercinum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 33 (1923)
= Solanum indicum var. suprastrigulosum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 28 (1923)
= Solanum jaegeri Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 256 (1912)
= Solanum jespersenii De Wild.; Bull. Jard Bot. Brux. 4: 407 (1914)
= Solanum kandtii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 253 (1912)
= Solanum keniense Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 77 (1915)
= Solanum lividum Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 188 (1821)
= Solanum mesodolichum (Bitter) Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 133 (1951)
= Solanum newtonii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 251 (1912)
= Solanum nguelense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 252 (1912)
= Solanum occidentale Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 308 (1852)
= Solanum olivaceum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 341 (1915), nom. illeg.
= Solanum orthocarpum Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 129 (1951)
= Solanum piperiferum A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 106 (1850)
= Solanum pseudogeminifolium Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 249 (1912)
= Solanum recurvum Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl.-Kult.: 113 (1824)
= Solanum rederi Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 251 (1912)
= Solanum rohrii C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 128 (1894)
= Solanum ruwenzoriense De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 435 (1922)
= Solanum sakarense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 247 (1912)
= Solanum scalare C.H.Wright; J. Linn. Soc. 30: 93 (1894)
= Solanum schroederi Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 250 (1912)
= Solanum senegambicum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 194 (1852)
= Solanum sodomeum L.; Sp. Pl. 187 (1753) nom. ambig. rej.
= Solanum spathotrichum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 238 (1912)
= Solanum stuhlmannii Dammer; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C: 354 (1895)
= Solanum ueleense De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 400 (1914)
= Solanum urosepalum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 339 (1915)
= Solanum wildemanii Dammer ex De Wild. & T.Durand; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 3, 1(2): 291 (1901)
= Solanum yangambiense De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 402 (1914)
species :
Solanum angustialatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 471 (1912)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum angustifidum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 544 (1913)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Solanum angustifolium Houst. ex Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 15 (1768)
Name: Stachel-Nachtschatten (DE), Buffalobur nightshade (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Croatia [I]; Albania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], Free State [I], Cape Prov. [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Uzbekistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (Lesvos [I]); Israel [I]; China [I] (Jiangsu [I]); South Korea [I]; India [I] (Uttar Pradesh [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; Virgin Isl. [I]; NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
11 ger hun slo 12 bal cis fra spa 13 alb bul cro 14 est kry lat lit rus ukr 20 mor 27 saf 31 rfe 32 uzb 33 geo ncs 34 eai isr 36 chi 38 kor 40 ind 50 aus 51 nzl 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA HON 81 vir 84 BRA
Remarks: it is highly disputed whether S. rostratum and S. angustifolium are one or two species.
Synonyms: hidden
= Androcera lobata Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 129 (1818)
= Androcera rostrata (Dunal) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 33: 150 (1906)
= Ceranthera heterandra Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 1: 176 (1818)
= Nycterium cardaminifolium Vent.; Jard. Malmaison: t. 85 (1805)
= Nycterium cornutum Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 189 (1821)
= Nycterium flavum Lindl.; P. N. Don, Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 11: 76 (1826)
= Nycterium heterandrum Heynh.; Alph. Aufz. Gew.: 440 (1847)
= Nycterium lobatum Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 301 (1826)
= Nycterium luteum Torr. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 199 (1841), nom. inval.
= Nycterium rostratum (Dunal) Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 189 (1821)
= Solanum anghivi Bojer ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 31 (1852)
= Solanum angurium Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 243 (1813)
= Solanum bejarense Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 330 (1852)
= Solanum cornutum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 329 (1852), nom. inval., non Lam.
= Solanum cornutum Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 25 (1794)
= Solanum heterandrum Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 156 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Solanum heterodoxum Andrieux ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 330 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum heudesii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 295 (1912)
= Solanum macroscola Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 35: 570 (1900)
= Solanum propinquum M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 12: I. 143 (1845)
= Solanum rostratum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 234 (1813)
= Solanum rostratum var. subintegrum Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 36: 502 (1901)
species :
Solanum anisocladum Giacomin & Stehmann; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7(1): 97 (2013)
Distribution: Brazil (Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum anisophyllum Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Observ. Bot. Descript. Pl. Nov. Herb. Van Heurckiani 1: 52 (1870)
Distribution: Colombia (Caquetá, Putumayo, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Solanum ankazobe D´Arcy & Rakot.; Fl. Madagascar., Fam. 176: 67 (1994)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum annuum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 102 (1976)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum micrantherum Cabrera; Hickenia, 1(31): 168 (1978)
species :
Solanum anoacanthum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 66 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum anomalostemon S.Knapp & M.Nee; Novon 19(2): 178 (2009)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum anomalum Thonn.; Schumach. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 126 (1827)
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; Angola
22 BEN GHA IVO LBR NGA 23 BIO CAF CMN CON 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum anomalum var. cinerascens Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 274 (1921)
= Solanum anomalum var. trifurcatum Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 273 (1921)
= Solanum durandii Dammer ex De Wild. & T.Durand; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 3, 1(2): 290 (1901)
= Solanum laurentii De Wild.; Miss. Ém. Laurent 1: 176 (1905)
= Solanum lescrauwaetii De Wild.; Miss. E. Laurent 1: 438 (1907)
= Solanum mannii var. compactum C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 129 (1894)
= Solanum marquesii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 253 (1912)
= Solanum pauperum C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 127 (1894)
= Solanum umbrosum Vahl ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 259 (1852)
= Solanum warneckeanum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 186 (1906)
species :
Solanum antalaha D´Arcy & Rakot.; Fl. Madagascar., Fam. 176: 68 (1994)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum antisuyo Särkinen & S.Knapp; PhytoKeys 44: 47 (2015)
Distribution: Ecuador (Azuay, Bolívar, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Loja, Napo, Pichincha, Zamora-Chinchipe); Peru (Amazonas, Cusco, Huánuco, Pasco, Piura, Puno); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
species :
Solanum apaporanum R.E.Schult.; Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 13: 292 (1949)
Distribution: Colombia (Guaviare, Meta, Vaupés); Ecuador; N-Brazil (Amazonas, Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Maranhao)
82 CLM 83 ECU 84 BRA
species :
Solanum aparadense L.A.Mentz & M.Nee; Pesquisas, Bot. 53: 170 (2003)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum aphyodendron S.Knapp; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72(3): 565 (1985)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia; Venezuela; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
species :
Solanum apiahyense Witasek; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 79: 343 (1910), Just´s Bot. Jahresb. 39: II. 306
Distribution: SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum apiculatum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 84 (1846)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum apodophyllum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(4): 525 (2016)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum appendiculatum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 5 (1816)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum connatum Correll; Agric. Monogr. U. S. Dept. Agric., No. 11 (Sect. Tuber. Gen. Solan. N. &-Centr. Amer.) 25 (1952)
= Solanum galeottii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 82 (1852)
= Solanum inscendens Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 175 (1924)
= Solanum ovandense Lundell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 29: 490 (1943)
= Solanum repens Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 39 (1852)
= Solanum stephanodes Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 290 (1846)
species :
Solanum appressum K.E.Roe; Brittonia 24(3): 263 (1972)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Caquetá, Putumayo, Vaupés); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Pando); N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
species :
Solanum arachnidanthum Rusby; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 7: 345 (1927)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum arachnoides A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(4): 565 (2016)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum arboreum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 20 (1816)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Magdalena, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle, Vaupés); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Acre)
80 COS NIC PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum dolichostylum O.E.Schulz; Urb. Symb. Antill. 6: 158 (1909)
= Solanum euchylozum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 64 (1922)
= Solanum kenoyeri Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 4: 157 (1929)
= Solanum orgyale C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 53 (1944)
= Solanum ripivagum Pittier; Cat. Fl. Venez. [Pittier] 2: 382 (1947)
species :
Solanum arcanum Peralta; Syst. Bot. 30(2): 426 (2005)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum arenarium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 26 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chloranthum Salzm. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 236 (1852)
= Solanum chloranthum Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 682 (1824)
= Solanum sprengelii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 372 (1852)
species :
Solanum arenicola Särkinen & P.Gonzáles; PhytoKeys 44: 53 (2015)
Distribution: Peru (Cusco, Junín, Madre de Dios, Pasco, Puno); Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
species :
Solanum arequipense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 204 (1912)
Distribution: Peru (Ancash, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Junín, Huancavelica, Lima, Moquegua, Puno, Tacna)
83 PER
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum furcatum var. subdentatum Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 386 (1843)
= Solanum furcatum var. subintegerrimum Nees; Nov. Act. Acad. Caes. Leop. 19, Suppl. 1: 386 (1843)
species :
Solanum argenteum Dunal ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 755 (1813)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Guyana; ?French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná); Juan Fdz. Isl.
82 CLM GUY 83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum argenteum var. angustifolium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 30 (1846)
= Solanum argenteum var. luridum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 30 (1846)
= Solanum argenteum var. parvifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 137 (1852)
= Solanum bifidum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 122 (1852)
= Solanum bifidum var. grandifolium Gilli; Feddes Repert. 94(5): 320 (1983)
= Solanum citrifolium Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 662 (1819)
= Solanum oblitum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 126 (1852)
species :
Solanum argentinum Bitter & Lillo; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 547 (1913)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caazapa, Bocqueron, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum argentinum var. chroniotrichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 549 (1913)
= Solanum chroniotrichum (Bitter) C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 183 (1976)
= Solanum microcarpum Cerv. ex Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 10 (1816)
species :
Solanum argopetalum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 749 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum aridicola A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 8(3): 415 (-416; fig., map) (2011)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum aridum Morong; Ann. New York Acad. sci. 7: 173 (1893)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum conditum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 237 (1976)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. ovalifolium Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 225 (1898)
species :
Solanum armentalis J.L.Gentry & D´Arcy; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64(2): 376 (1977 publ. 1978)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
species :
Solanum armourense A.R.Bean; Telopea 9(3): 656 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum artense Montrouz.; Mem. Acad. Lyon 10: 245 (1860)
Distribution: New Caledonia (NW-New Caledonia, incl. Ile Art)
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum linearisepalum Guillaumin; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 16: 84 (1944)
= Solanum styraciflorum Schltr.; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 34 (1908)
species :
Solanum arundo Mattei; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 7: 188 (1908)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; India (Goa, Gujarat)
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum diplacanthum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 245 (1912)
= Solanum helleri Standl.; Smithson. Misc. Coll. 68: No. 5, 15 (1917)
species :
Solanum ashbyae Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 223 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (inland WC-Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum asperolanatum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 39 (1799)
Distribution: Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Faial [I]); Guinea [I]; India [I] (Assam [I], Haryana [I], Himachal Pradesh [I], Tamil Nadu [I], Uttar Pradesh [I], Uttarakhand [I]); Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
21 azo 22 gui 40 ind 41 cbd vie 50 aus 79 MEX 80 GUA HON 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum antiguense J.M.Coult.; Donn. Sm., Enum. pl. Guatemala 4: 187 (1895)
= Solanum asperolanatum var. tovarianum J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5B): 247 (1962)
= Solanum asperum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 229 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Solanum hispidum Pers.; Syn. 1: 228 (1805)
= Solanum hispidum var. cerrateae J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5B): 252 (1962)
= Solanum hispidum var. ferreyrae J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5B): 252 (1962)
= Solanum lanatum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 205 (1813)
= Solanum phaeophyllum Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 375 (1935)
= Solanum rusbyi Britton ex Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 191 (1899)
= Solanum sassafrideum Rusby; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 7: 348 (1927)
= Solanum stellatum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 40 (1799)
species :
Solanum aspersum S.Knapp; PLoS ONE 5(5): 2 (2010)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Putumayo); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum asperum A.Rich.; Act. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 1: 107 (1792)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Belize; Panama; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Córdoba, Guaviare, Meta, Santander); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
79 MEX 80 BLZ PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum asperum var. angustifolium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 40 (1846)
= Solanum callicarpifolium var. radula M.Gómez; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 268 (1894)
= Solanum canescens Rich ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 107 (1852)
= Solanum lima Banks ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 107 (1852)
= Solanum radula Vahl; Eclog. Am. 2: 16 (1798)
= Solanum radulanum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 135 (1880)
= Solanum salviifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 187 (1852)
species :
Solanum asterophorum Mart.; Flora 21: II. Beibl. 79 (1838)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum asterophorum var. tomentosum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 98 (1846)
= Solanum gomphoidellum Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 215 (1852)
= Solanum melancholicum Salzm. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 200 (1852)
= Solanum scaberrimum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 349 (1852)
species :
Solanum asteropilodes Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 396 (1920)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum asymmetriphyllum Specht; Rec. Amer.-Australia Sci. Exped. Arnhem Land 3: Bot. & Pl. Ecol., 293 (1958)
Distribution: Australia (NW-Arnhem Land in Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum asymmetriphyllum var. longiflorum Specht; Rec. Amer.-Australia Sci. Exped. Arnhem Land 3: Bot. & Pl. Ecol., 295 (1958)
species :
Solanum athenae Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 85 (1985), as ´atheniae´
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum atitlanum K.E.Roe; Brittonia 19: 364 (1967)
Distribution: Mexico (Quintana Roo); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC
species :
Solanum atropurpureum Schrank; Syll. Ratisb. 1: 200 (1824)
Name: Blue potato bush (EN), Dunkelvioletter Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Colombia (Antioquia, Córdoba, Quindío, Valle); N-Brazil (Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caazapa, Canelones, Concepcion, Guaira, Itapua, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Tacuarembo); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Misiones, Santa Fe)
11 ger 82 CLM 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum atropurpureum var. aureimicans Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 436 (1913)
= Solanum atropurpureum var. diaphanadenium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 436 (1913)
= Solanum atropurpureum var. ochrochlorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 243 (1852)
= Solanum atropurpureum var. sanguineum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 243 (1852)
= Solanum atrosanguineum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 243 (1852)
= Solanum sanguineum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 243 (1852)
= Solanum vernicatum Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1838), Misc. 74
species :
Solanum aturense Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 32 (1816)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Trujillo, Yaracuy); ?French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil (Roraima, Pará, Amazonas, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum asperrimum Bitter & O.Moritz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 393 (1920)
= Solanum manaense Sagot ex Lemée; Fl. Guyane Franç. 3: 405 (1954), nom. subnud.
= Solanum mirabile Standl. & C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1086 (1938)
= Solanum secundum Bitter & O.Moritz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 391 (1920)
= Solanum siparunoides Ewan; Nat. Hist. Misc., Chicago, No. 94, 1 (1952)
= Solanum tabayense Pittier; Cat. Fl. Venez. [Pittier] 2: 370 (1947)
species :
Solanum augustii Ochoa; Bol. Soc. Per. Bot. (1974)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum aureitomentosum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 18 (1912)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chrysotrichum C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 129 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Solanum banksianum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 242 (1813)
species :
Solanum aureum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 16 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aureum var. riobambense Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 379 (1935)
= Solanum clematideum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 86 (1919) ex C. V. Morton, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 42 (1944) (descr. ampl.)
= Solanum loxense Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn.: 16 (1816)
species :
Solanum austrocaledonicum Seem.; J. Bot. 1: 209 (1863)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum neocaledonicum Bitter & Schltr.; Sarasin & Roux, Nova Caledonia, Bot. 1: 223 (1921)
= Solanum noumeanum Bitter; Sarasin & Roux, Nova Caledonia, Bot. 1: 224 (1921)
species :
Solanum austropiceum A.R.Bean; Nuytsia 23: 144 (2013)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum aviculare G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr. 18 (1786)
Name: New Zealand nightshade
Distribution: Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; India [c]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Lord Howe Isl.; Norfolk Isl.; New Zealand (Auckland to Dunedin); Kermadec Isl.; Chatham Isl.; New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Hawaii [I] (Lanai [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I])
33 geo ncs 40 ind 42 NWG 50 aus LHI NFK 51 CTM KER NZL 60 nwc van 63 haw 73 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aviculare var. acutifolium Korneva; Rast. Resursy 8(4): 512 (1972). without type
= Solanum aviculare var. albiflorum Cheeseman; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 52: 11 (1920)
= Solanum aviculare var. aviculare G.Forst.; (1907)
= Solanum aviculare var. brisbanense Geras.; Bjull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 59: 72 (1965)
= Solanum aviculare var. grandiflorum Korneva; Rast. Resursy 8(4): 511 (1972), without type
= Solanum aviculare var. grandifolium Korneva; Rastitel´n. Resury 8: 511 (1972), without type.
= Solanum aviculare var. hybridum Korneva; Rastitel´n. Resury 8: 513 (1972), without type.
= Solanum aviculare var. latifolium G.T.S.Baylis; Austral. J. Bot. 11: 168 (1963)
= Solanum aviculare var. patulum Korneva; Rast. Resursy 8(4): 512 (1972), without type
= Solanum baylisii Geras.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 272 (1971)
= Solanum brisbanense (Geras.) Geras.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 273 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Solanum cheesemanii Geras.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 271 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Solanum dispar Loisel. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 69 (1852)
= Solanum glaberrimum Dunal; Encycl., Suppl. 3: 747 (1814)
= Solanum pinnatifidum Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 2: 17 (1794)
= Solanum pinnatifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 133 (1796)
species :
Solanum axillifolium K.E.Roe; Brittonia 19: 363 (1967)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Solanum ayacuchense Ochoa; Agron., Lima 26: 309 (1959), reimpr.
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum bahamense L.; Sp. Pl. 188 (1753)
Name: Bahama nightshade, Mullein nightshade; Canker-berry (Bahamas), Ahincon, Ajicon, Jamaica (Cuba), Canker berry (Jamaica)
Distribution: Andaman Isl. [I] (South Andamans [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Quintana Roo); Honduras [I]; Bahamas; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Navassa Isl.; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); Anguilla; St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Barthélémy; Saba; St. Eustatius; Nevis; St. Kitts; Antigua; Barbuda; Montserrat; Dominica; St. Lucia; Barbados
41 and 78 usa 79 MEX 80 hon 81 ABA AGU BAH BBD CUB DOM HIS JAM MTS NAV PUE SAB SBA STE STK STL STM VIR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum anacanthum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 183 (1852)
= Solanum bahamense var. inerme Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 186 (1852)
= Solanum bahamense var. lanceolatum Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. I. 440 (1862)
= Solanum bahamense var. luxurians D´Arcy; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 838 (1974)
= Solanum bahamense var. subarmatum (Willd.) O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 222 (1909)
= Solanum bombense Banks ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 271 (1852)
= Solanum decurtatum Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 23: 20 (1943)
= Solanum enoplocalyx var. mexicanum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 222 (1852)
= Solanum fruticosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. no. 18 (1768)
= Solanum hebecarpum Salzm. ex Sendtn.; Fl. Bras. 10: 41 (1846)
= Solanum igneum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 270 (1762)
= Solanum igneum var. inerme Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 184 (1852)
= Solanum igneum var. parvifolium Vahl; Eclog. Amer. 1: 23 (1797)
= Solanum lanceifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 134 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Solanum longifolium Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 186 (1852)
= Solanum molle Bertero ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 185 (1852)
= Solanum parvifolium Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 794 (1821)
= Solanum persicifolium Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 185 (1813)
= Solanum persicifolium var. angustifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 185 (1852)
= Solanum persicifolium var. belloi O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 227 (1909)
= Solanum persicifolium var. parvifolium (Vahl) O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 227 (1909)
= Solanum pruriens Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 120 (1852)
= Solanum racemosum Jacq.; Enum. Pl. Carib. 15 (1760)
= Solanum racemosum var. igneum (L.) O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 6: 225 (1909)
= Solanum stenandrum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 270 (1852)
= Solanum stenorchideum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 135 (1880)
= Solanum stenorchis Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 270 (1852)
= Solanum subarmatum Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 240 (1809)
= Solanum torvum var. persicifolium (Dunal) M.Gómez; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 267 (1894)
= Solanum umbrosum Bertero ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 185 (1852)
= Solanum varginstonicum Buchoz; Pl. Nouv. Decouv. 48, t. 46 (1784)
= Solanum verbascifolium f. hebecarpum (Salzm. ex Sendtn.) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 117 (1918)
= Solanum verbascifolium var. hebecarpum (Salzm. ex Sendtn.) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 117 (1918)
variant :
var. rugelii D´Arcy; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61(3): 839 (1974)
Name: Rugel´s nightshade
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Solanum bahianum S.Knapp; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 19: 109 (1989)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum banzicum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(4): 566 (2016)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum barbeyanum Huber; Bol. Mus. PaRange 4: 605 (1906)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Putumayo, Vaupés); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum laxiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 234 (1852)
= Solanum megistophyllidium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 554 (1913)
species :
Solanum barbisetum Nees; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 51 (1837)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Nepal; NE-India (Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Taninthayi); Thailand
36 CHI 40 BAN IND NEP 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum eriophorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 249 (1852)
= Solanum involucratum Kurz; Forest Fl. Burma 2: 224 (1877), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum barbulatum Zahlbr.; Annal. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 7: 6 (1892)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ecuadorense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 404 (1920)
= Solanum ecuadorense var. glabriusculum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 406 (1920)
= Solanum ecuadorense var. ilinizae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 406 (1920)
= Solanum ecuadorense var. modicepilosum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 406 (1920)
= Solanum ecuadorense var. nervisequum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 406 (1920)
species :
Solanum baretiae Tepe; PhytoKeys 8: 3 (2012)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum basendopogon Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 1 (1913)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum basendopogon f. obtusum Correll; Wrightia 2: 170 (1961)
species :
Solanum batoides D´Arcy & Rakot.; Fl. Madagascar., Fam. 176: 75 (1994)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum bauerianum Endl.; Prodr. Fl. Norf. 54 (1833)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.; Norfolk Isl.
50 LHI NFK
species :
Solanum beaugleholei Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 266 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia: Kimberley region)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum bellum S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 294 (1986)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum berthaultii Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 45, 122 (1944)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum flavoviridens Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 57: 387 (1980)
= Solanum litusinum Ochoa; Phytologia 48: 229 (1981)
= Solanum tarijense var. pojoense (Cárdenas) Correll; Wrightia 2: 173 (1961)
= Solanum vallegrandense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 23 (1956)
= Solanum vallegrandense var. pojoense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peruana Bot. 5: 24 (1956)
species :
Solanum betaceum Cav.; Anal. Hist. Nat. 1: 44, Ic. t. 524 (1799)
Name: Tamarillo, Baumtomate, Tree Tomato; Tomate arbol (Cuba), Tree tomato (Jamaica), Palo de tomate, Tomate de arbol (Puerto Rico)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Italy [I]; Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I]); Ghana [I]; Cameroon [I]; São Tomé [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Rwanda [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Uganda [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Malawi [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (KwaZulu-Natal [I]); Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Taiwan [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Myanmar [I] (Kachin [I], Sagaing [I]); Vietnam [I]; Sumatra [I]; Java [I]; New Guinea [I]; Australia [I] (E-Queensland [I], NE-New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Niue [I]; Guam [I]; Mexico [I] (Chiapas [I], Guanajuato [I], Jalisco [I], Veracruz [I]); Guatemala [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Jamaica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Martinique; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman)
10 grb 11 net 13 ita 21 cvi 22 gha 23 cmn rwa sao zai 24 eth 25 tan uga 26 ang mlw zim 27 saf 29 mau mdg reu 38 tai 40 bhu ind srl 41 mya vie 42 jaw nwg sum 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nue nwc 62 gum 79 mex 80 cos gua 81 cay cub jam MAR pue trt 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn.; Flora 28: 172 (1845)
= Cyphomandra crassifolia (Ortega) J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 8: 112 (1930), isonym
= Cyphomandra crassifolia (Ortega) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 220 (1898)
= Cyphomandra procera Wawra; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 13: 221 (1863)
= Dimorphylia icononciana Cortés; Revista Med. Trop. (Bogota) 34: 528 (1917)
= Pionandra betacea (Cav.) Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 358 (1845)
= Solanum crassifolium Ortega; Hort. Matr. Dec. 117 (1800) (nec Lam. 1794)
= Solanum insigne Lowe; J. Hort. Soc. London, n.s. 1: 178 (1866), et Fl. Madeira 2(1): 84 (1868)
= Solanum obliquum Bertero ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 393 (1852), nom. inval.
species :
Solanum betroka D´Arcy & Rakot.; Fl. Madagascar., Fam. 176: 77 (1994)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum bicolor Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 661 (1819)
Name: Fei Vian (Trinidad & Tobago)
Distribution: St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Kitts; St. Vincent; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Arauca, Bolívar, Caquetá, Casanare, Cesar, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Ecuador
81 STK STM STV TRT 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum asperum Sieber ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 107 (1852)
= Solanum callicarpifolium Kunth & C.D.Bouché; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1853) App. 10
= Solanum callicarpifolium var. asperum M.Gómez; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 268 (1894)
= Solanum sieberianum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 107 (1852)
= Solanum verbascifolium Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 30 (1818), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum bicorne Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 232 (1852)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Nayarit)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bicorne var. angustifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 233 (1852)
= Solanum dichotomum Sessé & Moc.; Naturaleza (Mexico City), ser. 2, 1(App.): 35 (1888), nom. illeg.
= Solanum guamuchilense G.Castillo; Acta Bot. Mex. 27: 34 (1994)
species :
Solanum bistellatum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 432 (1964)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum bohsiae J.D.Tovar; PhytoKeys 195: 63-73 (2022), as ´bohsii´
Distribution: Colombia (Risaralda)
82 CLM
species :
Solanum boldoense Dunal & A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 679 (1852)
Name: Jazmin de Italia (Cuba)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cardiophyllum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 89 (1852)
species :
Solanum bolivianum Britton ex Rusby; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 416 (1907)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum boliviense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 43 (1852)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Oruro); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum alticola Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 5 (1913)
= Solanum alticola var. xanthotrichum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 42, 120 (1944)
= Solanum astleyi Hawkes & Hjert.; Kew Bull. 42(2): 436 (1987)
= Solanum boliviense subsp. astleyi (Hawkes & Hjert.) D.M.Spooner, M.Ugarte & P.W.Scroch; Theor. Appl. Genet. 95: 770 (1997)
= Solanum catamarcae Bitter ex Brücher; Züchter 24: 292, fig. 14 (1954) nom. nud.
= Solanum decurrentilobum Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 97 (1946)
= Solanum ellipsifolium Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 100 (1946)
= Solanum megistacrolobum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 536 (1912)
= Solanum megistacrolobum f. purpureum Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 391 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum megistacrolobum subsp. toralapanum (Cárdenas & Hawkes) Giann. & D.M.Spooner; Syst. Bot. 19(1): 112 (1994)
= Solanum megistacrolobum var. toralapanum (Cárdenas & Hawkes) Ochoa; Potatoes of S. Amer.: Bolivia: 170 (1990)
= Solanum sanctae-rosae Hawkes; Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., Lond., Ser. 12 7: 702 (1954)
= Solanum tilcarense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 41, 119 (1944)
= Solanum toralapanum Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 98 (1946)
= Solanum toralapanum var. subintegrifolium Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 53: 99 (1946)
= Solanum ureyi Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 32 (1956)
species :
Solanum bombycinum Ochoa; Amer. Potato J., 60(11:1-2): 849 (1983)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Solanum bonariense L.; Sp. Pl. 185 (1753)
Name: Buenos-Aires-Nachtschatten (DE); Tomatillo de Buenos Aires (ES)
Distribution: Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; ?Italy [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Montevideo, Soriano); Argentina (Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios)
12 bal spa 20 alg tun 21 cny 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum arborescens Moench; Methodus: 474 (1794)
= Solanum asterigerum Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 9: 167 (1858)
= Solanum astroites J.Jacq.; Ecl. Pl. Rar.: t. 97 (1816), non G. Forst.
= Solanum baccatum Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 601 (1841)
= Solanum excelsum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 133 (1796)
= Solanum fastigiatum Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 235 (1809)
= Solanum grandiflorum Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 791 (1821), nom. inval.
= Solanum regnelii Hiern; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1877-1878: 54 (1877)
= Solanum saponaceum var. uruguense Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 255 (1879)
species :
Solanum borgmannii Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 97 (1985)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum brachyantherum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 522 (1873)
Distribution: Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo); Desventuradas Isl.
85 CLE DSV
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum geissei Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 16 (1895)
species :
Solanum bradei Giacomin & Stehmann; PhytoKeys 38: 72 (2014)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum brevicaule Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 390 (1912)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, La Rioja, Salta, San Juan, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: the species has been split in numerous microspecies by the potato genetic researchers, which is not followed here.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum abancayense Ochoa; Anales Ci., Univ. Nac. Agrar., Lima 1: 134 (1963)
= Solanum alandiae Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 11 (1956)
= Solanum anomalocalyx Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 52, 126 (1944)
= Solanum anomalocalyx var. brachystylum Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 53: 105 (1946)
= Solanum anomalocalyx var. llallaguanianum Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 53: 104 (1946)
= Solanum anomalocalyx var. murale Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 53: 106 (1946)
= Solanum avilesii Hawkes & Hjert.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 86: 410 (1983)
= Solanum aymaraesense Ochoa; Phytologia 64(1): 36 (1987)
= Solanum bill-hookeri Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 65: 737 (1988)
= Solanum boliviense subsp. virgultorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 153 (1913)
= Solanum brevimucronatum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 52, 127 (1944)
= Solanum bruecheri Correll; Wrightia 2: 176 (1961)
= Solanum calcense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 53, 128 (1944)
= Solanum calcense var. urubambense Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 57, fig. 9 (1954)
= Solanum candelarium Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Suppl. 47: 60, 218 (1930)
= Solanum coelestispetalum Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 59 (1954)
= Solanum colominense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 21 (1956)
= Solanum famatinae Bitter & Wittm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: Suppl. 552 (1914)
= Solanum gourlayi Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer. II.: Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 43, 120 (1944)
= Solanum gourlayi subsp. pachytrichum (Hawkes) Hawkes & Hjert.; Potatoes Bolivia 284 (1989)
= Solanum gourlayi subsp. saltense A.M.Clausen & K.A.Okada; Phytologia 62(3): 166 (1987)
= Solanum gourlayi subsp. vidaurrei (Cárdenas) Hawkes & Hjert.; Potatoes Bolivia 284 (1989)
= Solanum hondelmannii Hawkes & Hjert.; Kew Bull. 42: 436 (1987)
= Solanum hoopesii Hawkes & K.A.Okada; Phytologia 64: 325 (1988)
= Solanum huancavelicae Ochoa; Papas Sudamer. Peru 1: 693 (1999)
= Solanum incamayoense K.A.Okada & A.M.Clausen; Amer. Potato J., 60(6:1): 433 (1983)
= Solanum lapazense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 52, 127 (1944)
= Solanum leptophyes Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 448 (1913)
= Solanum leptophyes f. gourlayi (Hawkes) Correll; Wrightia 2: 188 (1961)
= Solanum liriunianum Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 106 (1946)
= Solanum membranaceum Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 62 (1954)
= Solanum mollepujroense Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 103 (1946)
= Solanum ochoae Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 62 (1954)
= Solanum oplocense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 40, 119 (1944)
= Solanum pachytrichum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 45, 121 (1944)
= Solanum pampasense f. glabrescens Correll; Wrightia 2: 183 (1961)
= Solanum puberulofructum Correll; Wrightia 2: 193 (1961)
= Solanum ruiz-zeballosii Cárdenas; Revista Agric. (Cochabamba) 11: 13 (1968)
= Solanum sawyeri Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 58: 650 (1981)
= Solanum setulosistylum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 450 (1913)
= Solanum sleumeri Correll; Wrightia 2: 195 (1961)
= Solanum sparsipilum (Bitter) Juz. & Bukasov; Bukasov, Potatoes (Theoretical Bases Pl. Breeding, ed. Vavilov, iii.) 11(1937)
= Solanum sparsipilum subsp. calcense (Hawkes) Hawkes; Potato, Evolution, Biodivers. & Gen. Res.: 169 (1990)
= Solanum sparsipilum var. llallaguanianum (Cárdenas & Hawkes) Correll; Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4: 465 (1962)
= Solanum spegazzinii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 449 (1913)
= Solanum subandigenum var. camarguense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peruana Bot. 5: 25 (1956)
= Solanum sucrense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 51, 126 (1944)
= Solanum sucrense var. brevifoliolum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 51 (1944)
= Solanum torrecillasense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 15 (1956)
= Solanum tuberosum subsp. sparsipilum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 152 (1913)
= Solanum ugentii Hawkes & K.A.Okada; Phytologia 64: 327 (1988)
= Solanum vidaurrei Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peruana Bot. 5: 26 (1956)
= Solanum virgultorum (Bitter) Cárdenas & Hawkes; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 53: 103 (1946)
species :
Solanum brevifolium Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 22 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aphestodontum Gilli; Feddes Repert. 94: 320 (1983)
= Solanum holophyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 249 (1912)
= Solanum holophyllum var. subtuscalvum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 563 (1913)
= Solanum pterospermum Bitter; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 111: 59 (1913)
species :
Solanum brevipedicellatum K.E.Roe; Brittonia 19: 361 (1967)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Jalisco); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Solanum brownii Dunal; Hist Solan. 201 (1813)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, E-New South Wales, NE-Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum violaceum f. scabrum (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 582 (1929)
= Solanum violaceum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 445 (1810), nom. illeg., non Ortega (1797)
= Solanum violaceum var. album Maiden & Betche; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 2nd ser. 29: 747 (1905)
= Solanum violaceum var. scabrum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 4: 452 (1868)
= Solanum violaceum var. variegatum R.Baker; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 21: 458 (1896)
species :
Solanum buddlejifolium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 83 (1846)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum buesii Vargas; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 10: 396 (1943)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum bulbocastanum Dunal; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 749 (1814)
Name: Ornamental nightshade
Distribution: USA [I] (New Mexico [I], Texas [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Honduras
77 usa 79 MEX 80 HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bulbocastanum subsp. dolichophyllum (Bitter) Hawkes; (1963)
= Solanum bulbocastanum var. dolichophyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 447 (1912)
= Solanum bulbocastanum var. glabrum Correll; Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 11: 79 (1952)
= Solanum bulbocastanum var. latifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 447 (1912)
= Solanum bulbocastanum var. partitum Correll; Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 11: 83 (1952)
= Solanum longistylum Correll; Agric. Monogr. U. S. Dept. Agric, No. 11 (Sect. Tuber. Gen. Solan. N. &-Centr. Amer.) 87 (1952)
= Solanum mexicanum Sessé & Moc.; Pl. nov. hisp. 35 (1888), nom. superfl., non Dunal 1814
= Solanum symphysicaulis Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 106 (1852)
species :
Solanum bullatum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 84. 2: t. 104 (1829)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum macropus Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 134 (1852)
species :
Solanum bumeliifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 292 (1852)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum burchellii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 291 (1852)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (North-West Prov.?, N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum burchellii subsp. horrescens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 89 (1923)
= Solanum burchellii var. parcearmatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 89 (1923)
= Solanum burchellii var. schaeferi (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 89 (1923)
= Solanum rangei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 244 (1912)
= Solanum schaeferi Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 343 (1915)
= Solanum tomentosum var. burchellii (Dunal) C.H.Wright; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 4(2): 100 (1904)
species :
Solanum burkartii Ochoa; Biota 11(87): insert piece (97-98) (1977)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum irosinum Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 58: 131 (1981)
= Solanum irosinum f. tarrosum Ochoa; Papas Sudamer. Peru 1: 154 (1999)
species :
Solanum caatingae S.Knapp & Särkinen; PhytoKeys 108: 3 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Goiás, Paraíba, Piauí)
84 BRA
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
species :
Solanum caavurana Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 86 2: t. 112 (1827)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caaguazu, Canelones, Bocqueron, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa Prov., Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acuminatum var. viridiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 147 (1852)
= Solanum anacamptorhachis Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 53 (1922)
= Solanum caavurana f. angustifolia Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 81 (1903)
= Solanum caavurana f. pauciflora Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 2: 812 (1902)
= Solanum crassiflorum Schott ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 20 (1846)
= Solanum foetidum Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 33 (1818)
= Solanum fossarum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 145 (1852)
= Solanum leucocarpon var. multiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 149 (1852)
= Solanum megalocarpon C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 106 (1976)
species :
Solanum cacosmum Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 585 (1995) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Peru; N-Brazil (Pará, Acre)
83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra foetida Bohs; Syst. Bot. 13(2): 268 (1988)
species :
Solanum caelicola Giacomin & Stehmann; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7(1): 102 (2013)
Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum caesium Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 254 (1879)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum oranense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 170 (1914)
species :
Solanum cajamarquense Ochoa; Agron., Lima 26: 311 (1959) reimpr.
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum cajanumense Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 47 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra cajanumensis (Kunth) Sendtn. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 579 (1847)
= Cyphomandra casana A.Child; Feddes Repert. 97(3-4): 143 (1986)
= Pionandra cajanumensis (Kunth) Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 363 (1845)
species :
Solanum caldense Carvalho; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78(1): 224 (1991)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum calidum Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 585 (1995) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Colombia (Caquetá, Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia)
82 CLM 83 ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra pilosa Bohs; Syst. Bot. 13(2): 265 (1988)
species :
Solanum calileguae Cabrera; Hickenia, 1(31): 162 (1978)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Solanum callianthum C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 43 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Santander); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum callicarpoides Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 2: 258 (1824)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Solanum callosum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 8(3): 416 (-418; fig., map) (2011)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum campaniforme Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 662 (1819)
Distribution: Venezuela (Bolívar); Guyana; French Guiana; Bolivia (Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Roraima, Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
82 FRG GUY VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum caeruleum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 86 2: t. 110 (1829)
= Solanum campanulatum Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 601 (1841), pro syn.
= Solanum cearense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 90 (1852)
= Solanum confertum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 142 (1852)
= Solanum dusenii L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 426 (1964)
= Solanum falcatum Witasek; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 79: 341 (1910), Just´s Bot. Jahresb. 39 (II). 306
= Solanum glabellum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 142 (1852)
= Solanum indigoferum A.St.-Hil.; F. Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 6: 416 (1834)
= Solanum laxiflorum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 21 (1846)
= Solanum microcalyx Klotzsch; Schomb., Fauna Fl. Brit. Gui.: 1154 (1849), nom. nud.
= Solanum microrbitum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia, 1. 426 (1964)
species :
Solanum campanulatum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 446 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, New South Wales: Great Dividing Range)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum campanuliflorum C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894(88): 127 (1894)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Solanum campechiense L.; Sp. Pl. 187 (1753)
Name: Redberry nightshade
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Puerto Rico; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Valle); Ecuador; Peru [I]
77 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM 83 ECU per
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum concisum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 327 (1852)
= Solanum guanicense Urb.; Symb. Antill. 1: 399 (1899)
= Solanum marmeladense Urb. & Ekman; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 22: A. No. 10, 52 (1929)
species :
Solanum camptostylum Bitter; Sarasin & Roux, Nova Caled. 1: 221 (1921)
Distribution: New Caledonia (C-New Caledonia)
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum deplanchei Guillaumin; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 16: 84 (1944)
species :
Solanum campylacanthum Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 102 (1850)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Pemba Isl.; Tanzania; Zanzibar; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 BUR CON RWA ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: melongena agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum antidotum Dammer; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 355 (1895)
= Solanum astrochlaenoides Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 476 (1900)
= Solanum benguelense Peyr.; Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 38: 575 (1860)
= Solanum beniense De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 419 (1922)
= Solanum bojeri Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 344 (1852)
= Solanum bojeri var. deckenii (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 239 (1923)
= Solanum bojeri var. houyanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 242 (1923)
= Solanum bojeri var. integrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 239 (1923)
= Solanum bojeri var. sinuatorepandum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 345 (1852)
= Solanum bussei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 240 (1912)
= Solanum campylacanthum subsp. beniense (De Wild.) J.Samuels; Breakthroughs Genet. Breed. Capsicum and Eggplant 256 (2013)
= Solanum campylacanthum subsp. cordifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 214 (1923)
= Solanum campylacanthum subsp. kondeense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 213 (1923)
= Solanum campylacanthum subsp. panduriforme (E.Mey. ex Dunal) J.Samuels; Kew Bull. 67: 409 (2012)
= Solanum campylacanthum var. ellipsoideum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 213 (1923)
= Solanum campylacanthum var. mollius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 213 (1923)
= Solanum cufodontii Lanza; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 193 (1939)
= Solanum deckenii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 257 (1912)
= Solanum delagoense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 349 (1852)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. baumii Dammer ex Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 264 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. epacanthastrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 263 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. omahekense (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 264 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. pliomorphum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 261 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. punctatistellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 262 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense subsp. transvaalense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 267 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. astrochlaenoides (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 257 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. benguelense (Peyr.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 263 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. brachyastrotrichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 256 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. fischeri (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 258 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. karagweanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 260 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. munitius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 255 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. obliquum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 256 (1923)
= Solanum delagoense var. tomentellum (Klotzsch) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 254 (1923)
= Solanum delpierrei De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 398 (1914)
= Solanum endlichii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 347 (1915)
= Solanum fischeri Dammer; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 353 (1895)
= Solanum goniocalyx Lanza; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 195 (1939)
= Solanum himatacanthum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 348 (1915)
= Solanum iodes Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 332 (1915)
= Solanum lachneion Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 194 (1906)
= Solanum lachneion var. abbreviatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 229 (1923)
= Solanum lachneion var. intercedens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 230 (1923)
= Solanum lachneion var. protopyrrhotrichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 230 (1923)
= Solanum macrosepalum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 331 (1915)
= Solanum magdalenae Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 194 (1906)
= Solanum malacochlamys Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 215 (1923)
= Solanum malacochlamys var. transgrediens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 217 (1923)
= Solanum maranguense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 234 (1923)
= Solanum melongenifolium Lanza; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 198 (1939)
= Solanum merkeri Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 251 (1912)
= Solanum merkeri subsp. militans Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 223 (1923)
= Solanum merkeri var. endastrophorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 224 (1923)
= Solanum merkeri var. intermontanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 225 (1923)
= Solanum merkeri var. mediidominans Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 223 (1923)
= Solanum merkeri var. ruandense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 226 (1923)
= Solanum merkeri var. tobleri Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 223 (1923)
= Solanum mesomorphum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 246 (1923)
= Solanum mossambicensis Klotzsch; Naturw. Reise Mossambique [Peters] 1: 235 (1861)
= Solanum neumanni var. schoense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 218 (1923)
= Solanum neumanni Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 195 (1906)
= Solanum obliquum Dammer; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 354 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Solanum ochracanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 108 (1923)
= Solanum omahekense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 350 (1915)
= Solanum omitiomirense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 351 (1915)
= Solanum panduriforme E.Mey. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 346 (1852)
= Solanum pembae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 244 (1923)
= Solanum pentheri Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 61 (1918)
= Solanum pharmacum Klotzsch; Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(Bot., 1): 234 (1861)
= Solanum phoricum Klotzsch; Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(Bot., 1): 234 (1861)
= Solanum psilostylum Dammer; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 354 (1895)
= Solanum repandifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 219 (1923)
= Solanum secedens Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 345 (1915)
= Solanum sennii Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 334 (1932)
= Solanum stellativillosum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 226 (1923)
= Solanum stellativillosum var. makinduense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 228 (1923)
= Solanum suaveolens Bojer; Hortus Maurit.: 239 (1837)
= Solanum tabacicolor Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 349 (1915)
= Solanum tomentellum Klotzsch; Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(Bot., 1): 236 (1861)
= Solanum trepidans C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 128 (1894)
= Solanum tuntula De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 438 (1922)
= Solanum ukerewense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 242 (1923)
= Solanum urbanianum Dammer; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 355 (1895)
= Solanum verbascifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 236 (1923)
= Solanum volkensii Dammer; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 354 (1895)
= Solanum volkensii var. himatacanthum (Dammer) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 249 (1923)
species :
Solanum camranhense Dy Phon & Hul; Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 35: 16 (2014)
Distribution: S-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Solanum candelarianum Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 12 (1956)
Name: Papa de zorro
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum candidum Lindl.; Bot. Reg. (1839) Misc. 73
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Chocó, Valle); Ecuador; Peru
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum boquetense Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 103 (1940)
= Solanum huitlanum Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 192 (1915)
= Solanum mexicanum Hill; Veg. Syst. 9: 39 (1865)
= Solanum mexicanum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 663 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Solanum tequilense A.Gray ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 441 (1887)
species :
Solanum candolleanum Berthault; Ann. Sci. Agron. Franc. Etrangere 6(2): 184 (1911)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum abbottianum Juz.; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol. 305 (1937)
= Solanum achacachense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peruana Bot. 5: 30 (1956)
= Solanum amabile Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 58 (1954)
= Solanum ambosinum Ochoa; Biota 1: 7 (1954)
= Solanum ancoripae Ochoa; Papas Sudamer. Peru 544-545, 547 (1999)
= Solanum antacochense Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 58(3): 127 (1981)
= Solanum bukasovii f. multidissectum (Hawkes) Ochoa; Papas Sudamer. Peru 1: 625 (1999)
= Solanum bukasovii Juz. ex Rybin; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Ser. II. No. 2, 31 (1933), et ex Bukasov in Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 58, Pp. 111, 185 (1933)
= Solanum bukasovii var. multidissectum (Hawkes) Ochoa; Phytologia 73(2): 167 (1992)
= Solanum canasense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer. II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 47, 123 (1944)
= Solanum canasense var. album Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 57 (1954)
= Solanum canasense var. calcense Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 58 (1954)
= Solanum canasense var. intihuatanense Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 58 (1954)
= Solanum canasense var. latifolium (Vargas) Ochoa; Solanum Tuber. Silvest. Peru: 170 (1963)
= Solanum canasense var. lechnoviczii (Hawkes) Ochoa; Solanum Tuber. Silvest. Peru: 168 (1963)
= Solanum canasense var. neohawkesii (Ochoa) Correll; Wrightia 2: 184 (1961)
= Solanum canasense var. xerophilum (Vargas) Hawkes; Potato, Evolution, Biodivers. & Gen. Res.: 138 (1990)
= Solanum canasense var. xerophyllum (Vargas) Correll; Wrightia 2: 185 (1961), orth. var.
= Solanum canasense var.b xerophyllum (Vargas) Correll
= Solanum catarthrum Juz.; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol. 307 (1937)
= Solanum cuzcoense Ochoa; Agron., Lima 26: 219 (1959), reimpr.
= Solanum espinarense Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 60 (1954)
= Solanum fragariifructum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 53, 129 (1944)
= Solanum hapalosum Ochoa; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot., 22(1-4): 297 (1983)
= Solanum kaufmanii Bukasov; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 715 (1938), nom. subnud.
= Solanum lechnoviczii Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 49, 124 (1944)
= Solanum lechnoviczii var. latifolium Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 61 (1954)
= Solanum lechnoviczii var. xerophyllum Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 61 (1956)
= Solanum lobbianum f. multidissectum (Hawkes) Correll; Wrightia 2: 189 (1961)
= Solanum longimucronatum Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 60 (1956)
= Solanum longiusculus Ochoa; Phytologia 63: 329 (1987)
= Solanum mandonii A.DC.; Arch. sci. phys. et nat. 15: extr. 14 (1886)
= Solanum marinasense f. longimucronatum (Vargas) Correll; Wrightia 2: 181 (1961)
= Solanum marinasense var. dentifolium Vargas; Papas Sudper. 2: 56 (1954)
= Solanum marinasense Vargas; Papas Sudperu., Pt. 2, 53 (1954)
= Solanum marinii Ochoa; Darwiniana 17: 416 (1972), nom. inval.
= Solanum multidissectum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 49, 124 (1944)
= Solanum multidissectum subsp. neohawkesii (Ochoa) Hawkes; Record Scott. Pl. Breed. Sta. 2, 1963: 145 (1963)
= Solanum multiinterruptum f. longipilosum Correll; Wrightia 2: 192 (1961)
= Solanum multiinterruptum var. machaytambinum Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 27: 244 (1960)
= Solanum neohawkesii Ochoa; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 19: 231 (1952)
= Solanum orophilum Correll; Wrightia 2: 192 (1961)
= Solanum ortegae Ochoa; Phytologia 85: 271 (1998)
= Solanum pampasense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 50, 125 (1944)
= Solanum puchupuchense Ochoa; Papas Sudamer. Peru 1: 864 (1999)
= Solanum pumilum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 47, 124 (1944)
= Solanum punoense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 47, 123 (1944)
= Solanum sarasarae Ochoa; Phytologia 64: 245 (1988)
= Solanum saxatile Ochoa; Phytologia 73: 378 (1992)
= Solanum sicuanum Hawkes; Potato, Evolution, Biodivers. & Gen. Res.: 148 (1990) (nom. nov.)
= Solanum soukupii Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 46, 122 (1944)
= Solanum soukupii var. espinarense (Vargas) Ochoa; Solanum Tuber. Silvest. Peru: 278 (1963)
= Solanum tapojense Ochoa; Phytologia 46: 223 (1980)
= Solanum tarapatatum Ochoa; Anales Ci., Univ. Nac. Agrar., Lima 15: 1 (1977)
= Solanum tenellum Ochoa; Phytologia, G. Bitter in Fedde Repert. 63(6): 455 (1987), homonym see 11: 219 (1912) nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum canense Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 174 (1924)
Distribution: Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Magdalena); Ecuador
80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum pliophyllidium (Bitter) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 101: 219 (1990)
= Solanum suaveolens var. balaoense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 354 (1912)
= Solanum suaveolens var. pliophyllidium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 353 (1912)
species :
Solanum cantense Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 26: 217 (1959)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum capense L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 2: 935 (1759)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum capense subsp. quercilobum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 66 (1923)
= Solanum capense var. evectistellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 65 (1923)
= Solanum capense var. tomentosum C.H.Wright; Fl. Cap. (Harv.) 4(2): 102 (1904)
= Solanum dinteri Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 95 (1923)
= Solanum namaquense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 325 (1915)
= Solanum schiru-schuna Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 32 (1768)
= Solanum subbiflorum Ortega; Nov. Pl. Descr. Dec.: 118 (1800)
variant :
var. milleri (Jacq.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 65 (1923)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir)
35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum milleri Jacq.; Collect. Bot. 4: 209 (1790)
species :
Solanum capillipes Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 48: 338 (1921 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Trinidad; Venezuela (Sucre)
81 TRT 82 VEN
species :
Solanum capitaneum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(2): 220 (2014)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum capsiciforme (Domin) Baylis; Australia J. Bot. 11: 168 (1963)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Western Australia, S-South Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum simile var. capsiciforme Domin; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 130 (1913)
species :
Solanum capsicoides All.; Mélanges Philos. Math. Soc. Roy. Turin 5: 64 (1773)
Name: Gewimperter Nachtschatten (DE), Berenjena cimarrona, Berenjena de gallina, Berenjena de pollo (Dominican Republic), Cockroach berry, Poison diable (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Liberia [I]; Ethiopia [c]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (KwaZulu-Natal [I]); China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I], Henan [I], Liaoning [I]); Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [I] (Assam [I], Karnataka [I], Kerala [I], Tamil Nadu [I], Uttar Pradesh [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Vietnam [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Borneo [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Caledonia [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Raiatea [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I]); Bermuda [I]; Mexico [I]; Belize [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Marie-Galante [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Santander, Valle); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Aragua, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Nueva Esparta, Yaracuy); Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; Peru [I]; NE-Brazil (Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
11 ger 22 lbr 24 eth 26 zim 27 saf 36 chi 38 jap nns tai 40 ban ind srl 41 lao tha vie 42 bor lsi mly 50 aus 60 nwc sam 61 mrq sci 63 haw 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos hon nic 81 aba bbd ber cub dom gdl gre HIS mar mts PUE stk stl stm stv trt VEN 82 CLM guy sur VEN 83 per 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aculeatissimum var. denudatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 244 (1852)
= Solanum arrebenta Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 89 2: I. 127 (1829)
= Solanum bodinieri H.Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 206 (1908)
= Solanum ciliare Willd.; Enum. Pl. 1: 237 (1809)
= Solanum ciliatum Lam.; Illustr. 2: 21 (1793)
= Solanum ciliatum var. arenarium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 242 (1852)
= Solanum ciliatum var. multiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 242 (1852)
= Solanum macowanii Fourc.; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 21: 101 (1932)
= Solanum pentapetaloides Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 17 (1814), nomen, et ex Hornem. Suppl. Hort. Hafn. 27
= Solanum pentapetalum Schltdl.; Linnaea 25: 197 (1852)
= Solanum sinuatifolium Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 91 2: I. 132 (1829)
= Solanum sphaerocarpum Moric.; Pl. Nouv. Amér.: 31 (1837)
= Solanum trongum var. sinuatopinnatifidum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 361 (1852)
= Solanum ungens Weinm.; Flora 4: 27 (1821)
species :
Solanum carautae Carvalho; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78(1): 226 (1991)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum cardiophyllum Lindl.; J. Hort. Soc. 52: 70 (1848)
Name: Heartleaf horsenettle
Distribution: USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
76 usa 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cardiophyllum subsp. lanceolatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 440 (1912)
= Solanum cardiophyllum var. amphixanthandrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 442 (1912)
= Solanum cardiophyllum var. endoiodandrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 442 (1912)
= Solanum cardiophyllum var. oligozygum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 439 (1912)
= Solanum cardiophyllum var. pliozygum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 439 (1912)
= Solanum coyoacanum Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 47, pp. 60, 219, 480 (1930)
= Solanum lanceolatum Berthault; Fl. Boulder Colorado: 149 (1911), nom. illeg.
= Solanum lanciforme Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 169 (1924)
species :
Solanum carduiforme F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 163 (1860)
Distribution: Australia (NW-Queensland: Lawn Hill area)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum caricifolium Rusby; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 118 (1912)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Acre)
83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum steironematophyllum Rusby; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 7: 346 (1927)
= Solanum rogaguense Rusby; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 7: 346 (1927)
species :
Solanum caripense Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 8 (1816)
Distribution: Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Nariño, Quindío, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Colombia (Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Merida, Tachira, Trujillo, Monagas, Sucre); Ecuador; Peru
80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum caripense f. stellatum Correll; Wrightia 2: 170 (1961)
= Solanum caripense subsp. jamesonianum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 148 (1913)
= Solanum caripense var. pilosohirsutum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 42 (1852)
= Solanum chiliadenium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 408 (1920)
= Solanum grossularia Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 537 (1912)
= Solanum grossularia var. subunijugum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 538 (1912)
species :
Solanum carolinense L.; Sp. Pl. 187 (1753)
Name: Carolina horsenettle (EN), Carolina-Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain [I]; Croatia [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; New Zealand [I]; Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Haiti
11 ger 12 spa 13 cro 31 rfe 33 geo 51 nzl 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum carolinense f. albiflorum (Kuntze) Benke; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22: 213 (1939)
= Solanum carolinense var. albiflorum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 454 (1891)
= Solanum carolinense var. floridanum Chapm.; Fl. South. U.S.: 349 (1860)
= Solanum carolinense var. pohlianum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 305 (1852)
= Solanum floridanum Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 107 (1840)
= Solanum floridanum Shuttlew. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 306 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Solanum godfreyi Shinners; Sida 1: 108 (1962)
= Solanum obliquatum Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 106 (1840)
= Solanum pleei Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 305 (1852)
species :
Solanum cassioides L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 430 (1964)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum canoasense L.B.Sm. & Downs; Fl. Ilustr. Catar., Pt. 1, Solanac., 104 (1966)
= Solanum cataractae L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 427 (1964), non Britton
species :
Solanum castaneum Carvalho; Pesquisas, Bot., Bras. 46: 19 (1996), nom. nov.
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum jubatum var. gigantifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 133 (1852)
species :
Solanum cataphractum A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Fl. Austr. 4: 459 (1868)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia: Kimberley region)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum pectinatum A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Pl. Australia 4: 459 (1868)
species :
Solanum catilliflorum G.J.Anderson, Martine, Prohens & Nuez; Novon 16(2): 164 (2006)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum catombelense Peyr.; Sitzb. Akad. Wien, Math. Nat. 38: 576 (1860)
Distribution: Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 ANG MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum albotomentosum C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 128 (1894)
= Solanum rautanenii Schinz; Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich 56: 265 (1911)
= Solanum sparsiflorum Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 246 (1912)
species :
Solanum caumii (F.Br.) D.H.R.McClell.; PhytoKeys 145: 11 (2020)
Distribution: Hawaii (Nihoa Isl.)
63 HAW
Remarks: subgen. Leptostemonum, sect. Irenosolanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum nelsonii var. caumii F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 81: 36, pl. 15B (1931)
= Solanum nelsonii var. acuminatum F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 81: 36, pl. 16A (1931)
species :
Solanum celatum A.R.Bean; Telopea 9(3): 658 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum celsum Standl. & C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1077 (1938)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chiriquinum Standl.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 336 (1940)
species :
Solanum centrale J.M.Black; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 58: 180 (1934)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, N-South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum cerasiferum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: t. 365 (1852)
Distribution: Senegal; Burkina Faso; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea
22 BKN NGA SEN 23 CAF CMN 24 CHA ERI ETH SSU SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cerasiferum subsp. crepinii (Van Heurck) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 283 (1923)
= Solanum cerasiferum subsp. duchartrei (Heckel) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 286 (1923)
= Solanum cerasiferum var. cinereotomentosum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 365 (1852)
= Solanum cerasiferum var. garuense Dammer ex Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 285 (1923)
= Solanum cerasiferum var. grandiflorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 286 (1923)
= Solanum cerasiferum var. kerense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 286 (1923)
= Solanum cerasiferum var. parcestellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 286 (1923)
= Solanum crepinii Van Heurck; Observ. Bot. Descript. Pl. Nov. Herb. Van Heurckiani 1: 89 (1870)
= Solanum duchartrei Heckel; Ill. Wien. Gart.-Zeit. 15: 367 (1890)
= Solanum pachycalyx Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Observ. Bot. Descript. Pl. Nov. Herb. Van Heurckiani 1: 92 (1870)
= Solanum yolense Hutch. & Dalziel; Fl. W. Tropical Africa 2: 205, in clavi, 206 (1931)
species :
Solanum cernuum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 84 (1829)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum jubatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 132 (1852)
= Solanum paleatum Schott ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 42 (1846)
= Solanum sisleyanum Lambertye; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 40: 470 (1868)
species :
Solanum chachapoyasense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 13 (1919)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum chacoense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 18 (1912)
Distribution: India [c]; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Bocqueron, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari); Uruguay (Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman)
40 ind 83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum arnezii Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 37 (1956)
= Solanum bitteri Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 190 (1912), nom. superfl.
= Solanum boergeri Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 4: 239 (1937)
= Solanum caipipendense Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 35 (1956)
= Solanum calvescens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 436 (1912)
= Solanum chacoense f. caipipendense (Cárdenas) Correll; Wrightia 2: 172 (1961)
= Solanum chacoense f. gibberulosum (Juz. & Bukasov) Correll; Wrightia 2: 172 (1961)
= Solanum chacoense f. glabrescens Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 186 (1917)
= Solanum chacoense f. plurijugum Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 187 (1917)
= Solanum chacoense f. puberulum Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 187 (1917)
= Solanum chacoense subsp. muelleri (Bitter) Hawkes; Rep.: 61 (1956)
= Solanum chacoense subsp. subtilius (Bitter) Hawkes; Rep.: 61 (1956)
= Solanum chacoense var. angustisectum (Hassl.) Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 187 (1917)
= Solanum chacoense var. latisectum Hassl.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 187 (1917)
= Solanum commersonii var. glabriusculum Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 2: 330 (1846)
= Solanum cuevoanum Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 36 (1956)
= Solanum dolichostigma Bukasov; Potatoes (Theoretical Bases Pl. Breeding, ed. Vavilov, iii.) 72 (1937), in clavi, rossice.
= Solanum emmeae Juz. & Bukasov; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol., 321 (1937)
= Solanum garciae Juz. & Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 3: 227, et Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, 1937, Ser. Biol., 320 (1936)
= Solanum gibberulosum Juz. & Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 3: 225, et Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, 1937, Ser. Biol., 318 (1936)
= Solanum guaraniticum f. glabrescens Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 115 (1911)
= Solanum guaraniticum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 115 (1911) (nom. illeg.)
= Solanum guaraniticum var. angustisectum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 115 (1911)
= Solanum guaraniticum var. latisectum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 115 (1911)
= Solanum horovitzii Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 4: 238 (1937)
= Solanum horovitzii var. glabristylum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 19 (1944)
= Solanum horovitzii var. multijugum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 19, 114 (1944)
= Solanum jamesii var. grandifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 151 (1913)
= Solanum jujuyense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 19, 114 (1944)
= Solanum knappei Juz. & Bukasov; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol., 322 (1937)
= Solanum laplaticum Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 4: 238 (1937)
= Solanum limense Correll; Wrightia 2: 188 (1961)
= Solanum muelleri Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 155 (1913)
= Solanum muelleri f. densipilum Correll; Wrightia 2: 173 (1961)
= Solanum parodii Juz. & Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 3: 226, et Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, 1937, Ser. Biol., 319 (1936)
= Solanum saltense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer.: II. Syst. Classif. Collect. (Imp. Bur. Pl. Breeding & Genet., Cambr.) 19, 113 (1944)
= Solanum schickii Juz. & Bukasov; Bull. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. Biol., 324 (1937)
= Solanum subtilius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 6 (1913)
= Solanum tuberosum subsp. guaraniticum Bertoni; Anales Ci. Parag. 8: 12 (1910)
= Solanum tuberosum subsp. yanacochense Ochoa; Arnaldoa 8: 59 (2002)
= Solanum tuberosum var. glabriusculum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 32 (1852)
= Solanum yanacochense (Ochoa) Gorbat.; Potato Sp. S. Amer.: 396 (2006)
= Solanum yungasense Hawkes; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 12 7: 697 (1954)
species :
Solanum chalmersii S.Knapp; Brittonia 58(4): 330 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum chamaeacanthum Griseb.; Cat. Pl. Cub. 190 (1866)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
species :
Solanum cheesmaniae (L.Riley) Fosberg; Phytologia 62: 181 (1987), nom. cons.
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Lycopersicon cheesmaniae f. minor (Hook.f.) C.H.Müll.; Misc. Publ. U.S.D.A. 382: 21 (1940)
= Lycopersicon cheesmaniae L.Riley; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 227 (1925)
= Lycopersicon cheesmaniae var. minor (Hook.f.) D.M.Porter; Madrono 25(1): 58 (1978)
= Lycopersicon esculentum var. minor Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 202 (1847)
= Lycopersicon peruvianum var. parviflorum Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 202 (1847)
species :
Solanum chenopodinum F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 165 (1860)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum chenopodioides Lam.; Illustr. 2: 18 (1794)
Name: Gänsefuß-Nachtschatten (DE); Yerbamora vellosa (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Greece [I] (Thasos [I]); Libya [I]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I]); South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], North Carolina [I], Wisconsin [I]); Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Amambay, Canindeyú, Itapúa, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Colonia, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Tacuarembó); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, San Luis, Santa Fe, Tucumán)
11 ger swi 12 bal cis fra por spa 13 grc 20 lby 21 azo cny mdr 27 les saf 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aguaraquiya Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 17 (1846)
= Solanum amaranthifolium Gillies ex Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 152 (1899), nom. inval.
= Solanum americanum var. baylisii D´Arcy; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61: 837 (1974)
= Solanum besseri Weinm. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 593 (1819)
= Solanum chenopodifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 44 (1852)
= Solanum gracile Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 54 (1852), nom. illeg., not Solanum gracile Sendtn. (1846)
= Solanum gracile var. microphyllum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 54 (1852)
= Solanum gracilius Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 7: 226 (1943)
= Solanum isabellei Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 153 (1852)
= Solanum litocladum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 238 (1852)
= Solanum nigrum var. aspergilliflorum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 16 (1846)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. besseri (Weinm.) Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 12 (1910)
= Solanum nodiflorum var. microphyllum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 118 (1911)
= Solanum ottonis Hyl.; Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefässpfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., No. 7) 279(1945)
= Solanum pterocaulon var. aguaraquiya (Sendtn.) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 52 (1852)
= Solanum sublobatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. 4: 664 (1819)
= Solanum subspatulatum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 45 (1846)
= Solanum vile Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 221 (1912)
= Solanum virgatum Endl. ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 13 (1846), nom. inval.
= Witheringia chenopodioides (Lam.) J.Rémy; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 5: 69 (1849)
species :
Solanum chiapasense K.E.Roe; Brittonia 19: 367 (1967)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo); Guatemala; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA NIC
species :
Solanum chilense (Dunal) Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 358 (1910)
Name: Tomatillo, tomate silvestre [Chile]
Distribution: Galapagos; Peru; Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta)
83 GAL PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lycopersicon atacamense Phil.; Fl. Atacam.: 42 (1860)
= Lycopersicon bipinnatifidum Phil.; Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de Chile 1891: 63 (1891)
= Lycopersicon chilense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 24 (1852)
= Lycopersicon peruvianum subsp. puberulum (Phil.) Luckwill; Aberdeen Univ. Stud. 120: 30 (1943)
= Lycopersicon puberulum Phil.; Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de Chile 1: 64 (1891)
species :
Solanum chillagoense (Domin) A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(2): 223 (2014)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ellipticum var. chillagoense Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22: 1142 (1929)
species :
Solanum chilliasense Ochoa; Lorentzia 4: 9 (1981)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum chimborazense Bitter & Sodiro; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 539 (1912)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum chingchunense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 6: 311 (2023)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Solanum chippendalei Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 272 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (C-Western Australia to Northern Territory and WC-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum chiquidenum Ochoa; Biota 1: 5 (1954)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ariduphilum Ochoa; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 14(4): 330 (1972)
= Solanum chiquidenum f. amazonense Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 392 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum chiquidenum var. cachicadense Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 26: 318 (1959)
= Solanum chiquidenum var. gracile Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 391 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum chiquidenum var. porconense Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 27: 369 (1960)
= Solanum chiquidenum var. robustum Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 392 (1994 publ. 1995)
species :
Solanum chlamydogynum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 398 (1920)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chlamydogynum var. lateellipticum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 400 (1920)
species :
Solanum chmielewskii (C.M.Rick, Kesicki, Fobes & M.Holle) D.M.Spooner, G.J.Anderson & R.K.Jansen; Amer. J. Bot. 80(6): 683 (1993)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Lycopersicon chmielewskii C.M.Rick, Kesicki, Fobes & M.Holle; Theor. Appl. Genet. 47(2): 58 (1976)
species :
Solanum chomatophilum Bitter; Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen 25: 246 (1922)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chomatophilum f. angustifoliolum Correll; Wrightia 2: 180 (1961)
= Solanum chomatophilum f. pilosum Correll; Wrightia 2: 180 (1961)
= Solanum chomatophilum f. sausianense Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 391 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum chomatophilum var. subnivale Ochoa; Phytologia 77(5): 390 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Solanum huarochiriense Ochoa; Solanum Tuber. Silvest. Peru: 215 (1963)
= Solanum jalcae Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 19: 167 (1954)
= Solanum jalcae var. pubescens Correll; Wrightia 2: 181 (1961)
= Solanum pascoense Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 26: 112 (1959)
= Solanum sinclairii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 445 (1912)
= Solanum taulisense Ochoa; Lorentzia 4: 13 (1981)
species :
Solanum chrysasteroides Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 374 (1935)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum chrysotrichum Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 304 (1847)
Name: Goldhaar-Nachtschatten (DE); Berenjena espinosa (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Zambia [I]; Malawi [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (E-Cape Prov. [I]); China [I] (Fujian [I]); Taiwan [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Peru [I]
21 cny 26 mlw zam zim 27 saf 36 chi 38 tai 40 srl 42 mly 79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 83 per
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum pynaertii De Wild.; Miss. E. Laurent 1: 437 (1907)
= Solanum scorpioideum Rusby; Descr. New Sp. S. Am. Pl. 113 (1920)
= Solanum torvum var. pleiotomum C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 73 (1978)
= Solanum truncatum Standl. & C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1095 (1938)
= Solanum warszewiczii Lambertye; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 1865: 429 (1865)
= Solanum warzcewiczoides C.Huber; Nursery Cat. (Huber) 1970(Cat. Graines): 3 (1870)
species :
Solanum cinereum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 446 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia [I], SE-Queensland, New South Wales, C-Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum saltianum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 669 (1819)
species :
Solanum cinnamomeum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 44 (1846)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cuspidatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 111 (1852)
= Solanum excelsum A.St.-Hil.; Voy. Distr. Diam. 1: 104 (1833)
= Solanum praealtum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 44 (1846)
= Solanum sericeum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 83 2: I. 97 (1829), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum citrinum M.Nee; Brittonia 34(1): 85 (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Solanum citrullifolium A.Br.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3 (Bot.) 12: 356 (1849)
Name: Wassermelonenblättriger Nachtschatten (DE); Watermelon nightshade (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; S-Europe [I]; USA (Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora, Zacatecas)
11 ger 12 por spa 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Androcera citrullifolia (A.Braun) Rydb.; Brittonia 1: 96 (1931)
= Nycterium citrullifolium Nieuwl.; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 333 (1916)
variant :
var. setigerum Bartlett; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 44: 628 (1909)
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Durango, Coahuila, etc.)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Solanum cladotrichum Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 96 (1917)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cladotrichum var. floccosum (Sendtn.) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 118 (1852)
= Solanum papillosum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 37 (1846)
= Solanum papillosum var. floccosum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 37 (1846)
= Solanum sclareifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 118 (1852)
species :
Solanum clandestinum Bohs; Brittonia 58(4): 335 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum clarkiae Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 277 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory: Wessel Islands and the northern and western escarpments of the Arnhem Land plateau)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum clarum Correll; Contrib. Texas Research Found. 1: 10 (1950)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Solanum clathratum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 35 (1846)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum cleistogamum Symon; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 95(4): 227 (1971)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, S-Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum petrophilum var. pedicellatum Ewart & Davies; Fl. Northern Territory 243, t. 21 (1917)
species :
Solanum clivorum S.Knapp; Novon 2(4): 341 (1992)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum coactiliferum J.M.Black; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 33: 224 (1909)
Distribution: Australia (C-Western Australia, S-Northern Territory, SW-Queensland, W-New South Wales, NW-Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum coagulans Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. CVII, 47 (1775)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Chad (incl. Ennedi); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Rub al Khali, Asir); Qatar; Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, Tihama, W-Yemen); Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan)
20 EGY 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG 35 QAT SAU YEM 41 CBD 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum coagulans var. ochraceum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 369 (1852)
= Solanum depressum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 303 (1923)
= Solanum dubium Fresen.; Mus. Senckenberg 1: 166 (1833)
= Solanum dubium var. brevipetiolatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 333 (1852)
= Solanum dubium var. cisterninum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 333 (1852)
= Solanum dubium var. denseaculeatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 301 (1923)
= Solanum dubium var. dolichoplocalyx Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 302 (1923)
= Solanum dubium var. longipetiolatum-aculeatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 332 (1852)
= Solanum dubium var. longipetiolatum-subinerme Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 333 (1852)
= Solanum dubium var. subinerme Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 301 (1923)
= Solanum ellenbeckii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 58 (1905)
= Solanum ellenbeckii var. oligoplum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 305 (1923)
= Solanum hedjazense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 292 (1852)
= Solanum sanctum Steud. & Hochst. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 605 (1841)
= Solanum thruppii C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 129 (1894)
species :
Solanum coalitum S.Knapp; Novon 17(2): 212 (2007)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum cobanense J.L.Gentry; Phytologia 26(4): 276 (1973), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra aculeata Donn.Sm.; Bot. Gaz. 57: 423 (1914)
species :
Solanum cochabambense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 553 (1912)
Distribution: Peru (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Junín, La Libertad, Puno, San Martín); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Tucuman, Salta)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum decachondrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 228 (1912)
= Solanum decachondrum var. latiusculum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Spec. Nov. 11: 229 (1912)
= Solanum decachondrum var. longiusculum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Spec. Nov. 11: 229 (1912)
= Solanum extuspellitum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 555 (1912)
= Solanum extuspellitum var. subcoeruleum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Spec. Nov. 10: 556 (1912)
= Solanum lorentzii var. tucumanicum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 3 (1912)
= Solanum montigenum (C.V.Morton) Cabrera; Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13) 8: 435 (1983)
= Solanum lorentzii var. montigenum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 136(1976)
= Solanum probolospermum Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: Beibl. 119, 10 (1916)
species :
Solanum cochoae G.J.Anderson & Bernardello; Novon 1(3): 132 (1991)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum cocosoides A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 772 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum colombianum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 33 (1852)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo, Tachira); Ecuador
80 PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cacetanum Ochoa; Phytologia 46(7): 495 (1980)
= Solanum calacalinum Ochoa; Darwiniana 23(1): 227 (1981)
= Solanum colombianum f. quindiuense Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 225 (1930)
= Solanum colombianum var. meridionale Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 13, 112 (1944)
= Solanum colombianum var. trianae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 382 (1912)
= Solanum colombianum var. zipaquiranum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 13, 112 (1944)
= Solanum cuatrecasasii Ochoa; Phytologia 49(5): 485 (1981)
= Solanum cuencanum Juz. & Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Ser. A. No. 10, 52, 59 (1934), et inBukasov, Potatoes (Theoretical Bases Pl. Breeding. ed. Vavilov, iii.) 18 (1937), descr. ross.
= Solanum dolichocarpum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 4 (1913)
= Solanum filamentum Correll; Wrightia 2: 174 (1961)
= Solanum grandiflorum var. leiocarpum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 339 (1852)
= Solanum jaenense Ochoa; Agronomía (Lima) 27: 370 (1960)
= Solanum moscopanum Hawkes; Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., Lond., Ser. 12. 7: 689 (1954)
= Solanum nemorosum Ochoa; Amer. Potato J. 60: 389 (1983)
= Solanum orocense Ochoa; Phytologia 46(7): 496 (1980)
= Solanum otites Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 39 (1852)
= Solanum otites f. dizygum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 434 (1912)
= Solanum otites f. trizygum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 434 (1912)
= Solanum pamplonense L.E.López; Mutisia 55: 2 (1983)
= Solanum papa Valenzuela ex Palacio; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 340 (1815)
= Solanum subpanduratum Ochoa; Biota 11: 331 (1979)
= Solanum sucubunense Ochoa; Phytologia 46(7): 496 (1980)
= Solanum tundalomense Ochoa; Anal. Cient. Univ. Agr. (1963)
= Solanum valenzuelae Palacio; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 340 (1815)
= Solanum venezuelicum Bukasov; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 715 (1938), nom. nud.
= Solanum woodsonii Correll; Wrightia 2: 137 (1961)
species :
Solanum comarapanum M.Nee; Brittonia 58(4): 345 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum comitis Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 345 (1852)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum comitum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 185 (1880), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Solanum commersonii Dunal ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 746 (1813)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; S-Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
29 mau 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acroleucum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 435 (1912)
= Solanum commersonii f. mechonguense (Bukasov) Correll; Wrightia 2: 173 (1961)
= Solanum commersonii var. depauperatum Bitter; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay 163 (1969)
= Solanum commersonii var. ellipticans Bitter; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay 163 (1969)
= Solanum commersonii var. glabratum Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 2: 330 (1846)
= Solanum commersonii var. indigoticascens Bitter; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay 163 (1969)
= Solanum commersonii var. pubescens Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 12 (1846)
= Solanum commersonii var. raphanistrum Bitter; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay 163 (1969)
= Solanum commersonii var. rosulans Bitter; Potatoes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay 163 (1969)
= Solanum commersonii var. violaceum Herter; Estud. Bot. Reg. Uruguay 4: 110 (1930)
= Solanum debile Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 74 (1852)
= Solanum henryi Bukasov & Lechn.; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 2: 182 (1935)
= Solanum henryi f. laticalix Lechn.; Revista Argent. Agron. 2: 183 (1936)
= Solanum henryi f. pubescens Lechn.; Revista Argent. Agron. 2: 183 (1936)
= Solanum mechonguense Bukasov; Rev. Argentina. Agron., vii 363 (1940)
= Solanum mercedense Bukasov; Soviet Pl. Indust. Rec., No. 4, 6, 12 (1941)
= Solanum nicaraguense Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 171 (1924)
= Solanum ohrondii Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 55: 497 (1883)
= Solanum rionegrinum Lechn.; Vestn. Sotsialist. Rasteniev. 4: 31 (1941)
= Solanum sorianum Bukasov; Soviet Pl. Indust. Rec., No. 4, 6, 12 (1941)
= Solanum tenue Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 13 (1846)
= Solanum tenue var. pubescens Sendtn. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 35 (1852)
= Solanum tenue var. raphanifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 35 (1852)
species :
Solanum complectens M.Nee & G.J.Anderson; Brittonia 58(4): 328 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum compressum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 430 (1964)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
species :
Solanum comptum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 230 (1976)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Bocqueron); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa Prov.)
85 ARG PAR
species :
Solanum concarense Hunz.; Kurtziana 20: 190 (1989)
Distribution: Argentina (San Luis)
85 ARG
Remarks: Dulcamaroid clade
species :
Solanum concinnum Schott ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 36 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra adenotricha (Dunal) Sendtn.; Flora 28: 175 (1845)
= Solanum adenotrichum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 236 (1813)
= Solanum diantherum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 83 2: t. 99 (1829)
species :
Solanum confertiflorum Stehmann & Tabosa; Syst. Bot. 45(4): 932 (2020)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum confertiseriatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 490 (1913)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum polyaster Gilli; Feddes Repert. 94(5): 321 (1983)
species :
Solanum confine Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 137 (1852)
Distribution: Colombia (Vaupés); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
species :
Solanum confusum C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 70 (1944)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra adelpha (C.V.Morton) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 95: 295 (1984)
= Cyphomandra adelpha (C.V.Morton) A.Child ex Bohs; Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 63: 153 (1994)
= Solanum adelphum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 185 (1976)
= Solanum narcoticum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 97 (1914)
species :
Solanum conglobatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 112 (1852)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum verbascifolium var. exstipulaceum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 228 (1898)
= Solanum verbascifolium var. exstipulatum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 455 (1891)
species :
Solanum conicum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 38. t. 172, f. b. (1799)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum alatibaccatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 68 (1913)
= Solanum tuberculatum Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 66 (1852)
species :
Solanum conocarpum Dunal ex Poir.; Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3: 748 (1814)
Distribution: Virgin Isl. (St. John, ?Virgin Gorda, St. Croix [I], St. Thomas [I])
81 VIR
species :
Solanum consimile C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 215 (1976)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ledesmense Cabrera; Hickenia, 1(41): 223 (1980)
species :
Solanum contumazaense Ochoa; Anal. Cient. Univ. Agr. (1964)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum cookii Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 233 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (N-Queensland: inland from Ingham to Cairns and in the Mcllwraith Range)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum adenophorum var. indivisum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 586 (1929)
species :
Solanum coquimbense J.R.Benn.; Edinburgh J. Bot. 65(1): 91 (2008)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
species :
Solanum coracinum Symon; Austrobaileya 4(3): 429 (1995)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum cordatum Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 47 (1775)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Soqotra; N-Kenya; SW-Saudi Arabia; Yemen (W-Yemen, Aden Desert); Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab); NW-India (Gujarat, Punjab)
24 DJI ETH SOC SOM 25 KEN 35 SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum darassumense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 57 (1905)
= Solanum gracilipes Decne.; Voy. Inde Jacquemont 4 3: 113, t. 119 (1844)
= Solanum jacquemontii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 287 (1852)
= Solanum nummulifolium Chiov.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 107, in clavi. (1925), et Fl. Somala, 240 (1929)
= Solanum obbiadense Chiov.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 106, in clavi. (1925), et Fl. Somala, 239 (1929)
= Solanum pronum Thulin; Kew Bull. 64: 491 (2009)
= Solanum sabaeorum Deflers; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 122 (1896)
species :
Solanum cordicitum S.R.Stern; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 8(1): 2 (2014)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
species :
Solanum cordifolium Dunal; Encycl., Suppl. 3: 764 (1814)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bipatens Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 209 (1852)
= Solanum hirsutum Balb. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 198 (1852)
= Solanum subscandens Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 90, t. 128 (1829)
species :
Solanum cordioides S.Knapp; Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 84: 361 (2002)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum cordovense Moc. & Sessé; Fl. Mexico. ed. 2, 51 (1894)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Córdoba, Magdalena, Risaralda, Valle); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Tachira); Guyana; Bolivia (La Paz)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum edwardsii Standl.; Tropical Woods, No. 37, p. 31 (1934)
= Solanum extensum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 94 (1914)
= Solanum lundellii Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 8: 42 (1930)
= Solanum perattenuatum I.M.Johnst.; Sargentia 8: 265 (1949)
= Solanum roei Ugent & Iltis; Phytologia 40: 379 (1978)
= Solanum vernale Standl. & L.O.Williams; Ceiba 3: 218 (1953)
species :
Solanum coriaceum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 197 (1813)
Distribution: Venezuela (Bolívar); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao)
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 84 BRA
species :
Solanum corifolium F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 166 (1860)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum discolor var. procumbens C.T.White; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 55: 71 (1944)
species :
Solanum cormanthum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 86 2: t. 113 (1829)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum corneliomulleri J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5B): 160 (1962)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum cornifolium Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 21 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum mutisii C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 45 (1944)
= Solanum squamuliferum Bitter; Feade, Repert. 16: 97 (1919)
species :
Solanum corumbense S.Moore; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 4: 404 (1895)
Distribution: Ecuador; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); Paraguay (Concepcion)
83 BOL ECU 84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra lauterbachii H.J.P.Winkl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 7: 247 (1909)
= Cyphomandra verruculosa Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 118 (1911)
= Solanum lauterbachii (H.J.P.Winkl.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 155 (1918)
= Solanum tumescens S.Knapp; Brittonia 44(1): 64 (1992)
= Solanum verruculosum (Hassl.) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 218 (1918)
species :
Solanum corymbiflorum (Sendtn.) Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 584 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. corymbiflorum
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra corymbiflora Sendtn.; Flora 28: 174 (1845)
= Cyphomandra kleinii L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 435 (1964)
= Cyphomandra macrophylla L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 434 (1964)
subspecies :
subsp. mortonianum (Sm. & Downs) Bohs; Fl. Neotrop. 63: 68 (1994)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina, Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra corymbiflora subsp. mortoniana (L.B.Sm. & Downs) Bohs; Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 63: 68 (1994)
= Cyphomandra mortoniana L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 434 (1964), et Phytologia 12: 250 (1965)
= Cyphomandra patrum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 435 (1964), et Phytologia 12: 251 (1965)
species :
Solanum corymbosum Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 78 (1787)
Distribution: Mexico [I] (Aguascalientes [I], Ciudad de Mexico [I], Guanajuato [I], Guerrero [I], Hidalgo [I], Jalisco [I], México State [I], Michoacan [I], Morelos [I], Oaxaca [I], Puebla [I], Queretaro [I], San Luis Potosi [I], Tlaxcala [I], Veracruz [I], Zacatecas [I]); Peru (Amazonas, Ancash, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Lima, Moquegua)
79 mex 83 PER
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum corymbiferum J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]. 2(1): 384 (1791)
= Solanum azureum Van Geert; Cat. Gén. 1879-1880 (1880)
= Solanum corymbosum var. cymosum (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 223 (1805)
= Solanum cymosum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 31. t. 160 (1799)
= Solanum leptanthum Dunal ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 747 (1814)
= Solanum leptanthum var. parvifolium Dunal; Solan. Syn. 9 (1816)
= Solanum microcarpum Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 72 (1852)
= Solanum parviflorum Nocca; Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 6: 61 (1793)
= Solanum parviflorum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 134 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Solanum costatum M.Nee; Solanaceae Newsl. 4(3): 74 (2001)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana
82 FRG GUY SUR
species :
Solanum cowiei Martine; PhytoKeys 30: 25 (2013)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum crassinervium Tepe; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3(2): 514 (-516, fig. 2) (2009)
Distribution: Colombia (Nariño); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum crebrispinum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 742 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum cremastanthemum Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 378 (1935)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum crinitipes Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 817 (1852)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Magdalena); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum dammanianum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 11: 311 (1890), et. in Gartenfl. 40: (1891) 20. cum xylogr. 10
species :
Solanum crinitum Lam.; Illustr. 2: 20 (1793)
Distribution: Myanmar [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Bolívar, Caquetá, Guainía, Meta, Santander, Vaupés, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Tocantins, Acre, Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
41 mya 81 trt 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cyananthum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 316 (1852)
= Solanum cyananthum var. jubatum (Roem. & Schult.) Dunal; Prodr. 13(1): 316 (1852)
= Solanum echinatum Rich. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 317 (1852)
= Solanum echinocaulon Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 316 (1852)
= Solanum formosum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 35 (1816)
= Solanum grandiflorum var. setosum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 87 (1846)
= Solanum jubatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 669 (1819)
= Solanum macranthum Bertero ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 167 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum macranthum Dunal; Encycl., Suppl. 3: 775 (1814)
species :
Solanum crispum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 31. t. 158 (1799)
Name: Chilean nightshade (EN), Hierba del chabalongo, huevil, natri [Chile]
Distribution: New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I]); Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén)
51 nzl 73 usa 76 usa 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum angustifolium var. brevifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 90 (1852)
= Solanum berteroanum (J.Rémy) Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 8 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Solanum concavum Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 28(Misc.): 57 (1842)
= Solanum congestiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 92 (1852)
= Solanum congestiflorum var. longifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 92 (1852)
= Solanum congestiflorum var. pannosum (Phil.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 123: 722 (1908)
= Solanum congestiflorum var. syringifolium (Kunth & C.D.Bouché) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 123: 721 (1908)
= Solanum crispum var. eleagnifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 92 (1852)
= Solanum crispum var. ligustrinum (Lodd.) Dunal; Prodr. 13(1): 92 (1852)
= Solanum floribundum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 92 (1852)
= Solanum gayanum (J.Rémy) F.Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 59: 272 (1881)
= Solanum izquierdoi Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 43: 522 (1873)
= Solanum laetum Kunze; Linnaea 16: 315 (1842)
= Solanum landbeckii Phil.; Linnaea 33: 204 (1864)
= Solanum ligustrinum Lodd., G.Lodd. & W.Lodd.; Bot. Cab. 20: t. 1963 (1833)
= Solanum pannosum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 91: 9 (1895)
= Solanum pugae Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 7 (1895)
= Solanum pyrrhocarpum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. (1862) II. 383
= Solanum sadae Phil.; Linnaea 33: 203 (1864)
= Solanum syringifolium Kunth & C.D.Bouché; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 10 (1845)
= Solanum tagua Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 226 (1898)
= Solanum tomatillo (J.Rémy) F.Phil.; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Chil.: 229 (1881)
= Witheringia berteroana J.Rémy; Gay, Fl. Chil. 5: 65 (1849)
= Witheringia crispa (Ruiz & Pav.) J.Rémy; Gay, Fl. Chil. 5: 66 (1849)
= Witheringia gayana J.Rémy; Gay, Fl. Chil. 4: 67 (1849)
= Witheringia tomatillo J.Rémy; Gay, Fl. Chil. 5: 64 (1849)
species :
Solanum croatii D´Arcy & R.C.Keating; Phytologia 34(3): 282 (1976)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Solanum crotonifolium Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 18 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; N-Brazil (Rondônia)
82 CLM 83 ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra crotonifolia (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal) Sendtn. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 579 (1847)
= Cyphomandra narensis (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal) Sendtn. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 579 (1847)
= Cyphomandra trachyphylla (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal) Sendtn. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 579 (1847)
= Pionandra crotonifolia Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 364 (1845)
= Pionandra narensis Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 364 (1845)
= Pionandra trachyphylla Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 364 (1845)
= Solanum narense Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 18 (1816)
= Solanum trachyphyllum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn.: 18 (1816)
species :
Solanum crotonoides Lam.; Illustr. 2: 24 (1793)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum formonense O.E.Schulz ex O.C.Schmidt; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32: 92 (1933)
= Solanum formonense var. grandifolium O.E.Schulz ex O.Schmidt; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32: 92 (1933)
= Solanum formonense var. parvifolium O.E.Schulz ex O.Schmidt; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32: 92 (1933)
= Solanum haplophorum O.E.Schulz; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 369 (1912)
= Solanum reticulatum Dunal; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 764 (1814)
species :
Solanum cruciferum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 402 (1919)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum cucullatum S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 292 (1986)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum cunninghamii Benth.; Fl. Austr. 4: 465 (1868)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia: near-coastal near Broome)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum curtilobum Juz. & Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 47, pp. 35, 474 (1930)
Name: China malco
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí)
83 BOL PER
species :
Solanum curvicuspe Domin; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 131 (1913)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: often included in S. brownii)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum curvicuspe f. curvispinum Domin; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 131 (1913)
species :
Solanum cutervanum Zahlbr.; Annal. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien. 7: 7 (1892)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum angustifolium Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 33 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Solanum aureum var. angustelanceolatum Bitter; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 119: 13 (1916)
= Solanum aureum var. latelanceolatum Bitter; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 119: 13 (1916)
= Solanum pulverulentum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 223 (1805), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum cyaneopurpureum De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 425 (1922)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Uganda; Tanzania
23 BUR RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum kitivuense subsp. ukerewense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 114 (1923)
= Solanum tanganikense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 132 (1923)
species :
Solanum cyanocarphium Blume; Bijdr. 700 (1825)
Distribution: Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Pahang, Melaka); Sumatra; Borneo; Palawan; Philippines (Mindanao); Java
41 CBD VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY PHI PLW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bullatorugosum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 236 (1852)
= Solanum coeruleum Noronha; Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: ed. I. Art. 55: 26 (1790)
= Solanum sakhanii Hul; Fl. Photogr. Cambodge 522 (2013)
= Solanum sarmentosum Nees; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17(1): 58 (1834), nom. illeg., non Lam. 1794
= Solanum sparsiflorum Elmer; Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 5: 1838 (1913)
= Solanum thorelii Bonati; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 5: 310 (1913 publ. 1914)
species :
Solanum cyathophorum M.Nee & Farruggia; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4(2): 596 (2010)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Putumayo); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum cyclophyllum S.Knapp; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 22(2): 147 (1992), nom. illeg., non Pittier
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Risaralda); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum cylindricum Vell.; Fl. Flumin.: 87 (1829)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra cylindrica (Vell.) Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 121 (1846)
= Cyphomandra elliptica (Vell.) Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 121 (1846)
= Cyphomandra subhastata (Sm. & Downs) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 95(5-6): 295 (1984)
= Pionandra cylindrica (Vell.) Miers; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 15: 199 (1855)
= Pionandra elliptica (Sendtn.) Miers; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 15: 199 (1855)
= Solanum catanduvae L.B.Sm. & Downs; Fl. Ilustr. Catar., Pt. 1, Solanac. 135 (1966)
= Solanum ellipticum Vell.; Fl. Flumin.: 84 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Solanum iraniense L.B.Sm. & Downs; Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. 1(Solanac.): 137 (1966)
= Solanum johannae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 465 (1913)
= Solanum moenchii Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 242 (1813)
= Solanum subhastatum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 432 (1964), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum cymbalariifolium Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 241 (1929)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cymbalarifolium Chiov.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 107, in clavi. (1925)
species :
Solanum dalibardiforme Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 484 (1913)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Quindío, Tolima); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum dallmannianum Warb.; Bot. Jarhb. 13: 415 (1891)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cremastocarpum K.Schum. & Lauterb.; Fl. Deutsch. Südsee, 534 (1901)
= Solanum dolichopodum Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 68 (1917)
species :
Solanum dammerianum Lauterb. & K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 147 (1898)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum oligolobum Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 46 (1949)
species :
Solanum daphnophyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 67 (1922)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Solanum darienense S.Knapp; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73(4): 738 (1986 publ. 1987)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar)
80 PAN 82 CLM
species :
Solanum dasyanthum Brandegee; Unuv. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 193 (1915)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo, Ciudad de Mexico, México State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Yucatan); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum diaboli Standl. & L.O.Williams; Ceiba 3: 59 (1952)
= Solanum salsum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 455 (1891)
= Solanum salsum Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 22: 104 (1940), nom. illeg.
= Solanum verapazense Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 276 (1940)
= Solanum yucatanum Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 8: 43 (1930)
species :
Solanum dasyneuron S.Knapp; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 72(3): 563 (1985)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn.; Beskr. Guin. Pl. 126 (1827)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Principe Isl.; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; W-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Zambia; Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOM SSU SUD 26 MOZ ZAM 27 SAF
Remarks: melongena agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum acanthoideum Drège ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 364 (1852)
= Solanum afzelii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 363 (1852)
= Solanum crepidotrichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 194 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. brevipedicellatum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 193 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. decaisneanum A.Schimp. ex Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 191 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. inerme Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 192 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. natalense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 193 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. semiglabrum (C.H.Wright) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 191 (1923)
= Solanum dasyphyllum var. transiens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 193 (1923)
= Solanum eickii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 192 (1906)
= Solanum macrocarpon subsp. dasyphyllum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci; Nat. Hist. Sci. 15(1): 19 (2017), isonym
= Solanum macrocarpon subsp. dasyphyllum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Lester & P.-M.L.Jaeger; Solanum Africa 73 (2011)
= Solanum macrocarpon subsp. sapinii (De Wild.) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 201 (1923)
= Solanum macrocarpon var. hirsutum Dammer ex De Wild. & T.Durand; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 3, 1(2): 290 (1901)
= Solanum sapinii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. V. 2: 341 (1908)
species :
Solanum davidsei Carvalho; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78(1): 229 (1991)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar)
82 VEN
species :
Solanum davisense Whalen; Wrightia 5(7): 234 (1976)
Name: Davis horsenettle
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Solanum decipiens Opiz; Oekon.-techn. Fl. Böhm. [Berchtold et al.] 3(2): XXIV (1843)
Name: Schultes-Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; etc.
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: occurs over a large portion of the European range of S. nigrum. Not accepted by some authors (Särkinen et al. 2018) and included in S. nigrum, but with consistently different morphology.
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum morella var. schultesii (Opiz) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 10: 365 (1908)
= Solanum nigrum f. luridum Wessely; Feddes Repert. 63: 311 (1960)
= Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely; Feddes Repert. 63: 311 (1960)
= Solanum nigrum var. integrifolia-pubescens Wimm. & Grab.; 203 (1827)
= Solanum nigrum var. pubescens Moritzi; 111 (1832)
= Solanum nigrum var. schultesii (Opiz) Rouy; Acta Horti Gothob. 10: 201 (1935)
= Solanum schultesii Opiz; Oekon.-techn. Fl. Böhm. [Berchtold et al.] 3(2): XXIV (1843)
= Solanum villosum Baumg.; 121 (1790), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum decompositifolium Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 88 (1846)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum fulvum Hiern ex Warm.; Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. 1877 49 (1878)
species :
Solanum decorum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 83 (1846)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum decorum var. angustifolium Glaz.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 3: 496 (1911)
species :
Solanum defensum F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 193 (1866)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Solanum deflexicarpum C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 73 (1978)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); ?NE-Myanmar
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum indicum var. recurvatum C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 73 (1978)
species :
Solanum deflexiflorum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 49 (1922)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Huila, Nariño, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum calycopogon Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 52 (1922)
species :
Solanum deflexum Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 32: 301 (1897)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Concepcion); Argentina (Corrientes)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Remarks: often included in S. adscendens which is Central American
Synonyms: hidden
= Bassovia setosa Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 373 (1917)
= Salpichroa wrightii A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer., ed. 2. 2(1): 231 (-232) (1886)
= Solanum setosum (Brandegee) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 307 (1922)
species :
Solanum delicatulum L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 424 (1964)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Canelones, Guaira); Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum pavimenti L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 428 (1964)
species :
Solanum delitescens C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentine Sp. Solanum: 168 (1976)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum delitescens var. amphidoxum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 171 (1976)
species :
Solanum demissum Lindl.; J. Hortic. Soc. 3: 70 (1848)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum alpicum Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 23: 232 (1947)
= Solanum demissum f. adpresso-acuminatum Bukasov ex Rybin; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Ser. 2, Genet. Rast. 20: 698 (1929)
= Solanum demissum f. atrocyaneum Lechn. ex Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 224 (1930)
= Solanum demissum f. calycotrichum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 25, 115 (1944)
= Solanum demissum f. longifilamentosum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 26, 116 (1944)
= Solanum demissum f. microcalyx Lechn. ex Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 225 (1930)
= Solanum demissum f. perotanum Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 26, 115 (1944)
= Solanum demissum f. tlaxpehualcoense Bukasov ex Rybin; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Ser. 2, Genet. Rast. 20: 698 (1929)
= Solanum demissum f. tolucense Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 25, 115 (1944)
= Solanum demissum f. xitlense Bukasov ex Rybin; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Ser. 2, Genet. Rast. 20: 699 (1929)
= Solanum demissum var. klotzschii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 454 (1913)
= Solanum demissum var. mastoidostigma Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 26, 115 (1944)
= Solanum demissum var. orientale Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 25, 115 (1944)
= Solanum ×semidemissum Juz.; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 314 (1937)
= Solanum ×semidemissum Juz. ex Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 60, 480 (1930)
= Solanum stoloniferum var. pumilum M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 12: 138 (1845)
species :
Solanum dendroicum O.E.Schulz & Ekman; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32: 91 (1933)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
species :
Solanum dennekense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 57 (1905)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Yemen
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum gillettii Hutch. & E.A.Bruce; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1941: 162 (1941)
= Solanum ogadense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 143 (1923)
species :
Solanum denseaculeatum Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 100 (1985)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum densevestitum F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austr. 4: 456 (1868)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum depauperatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 227 (1852)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum diamantinense Agra; Novon 9(3): 292 (1999)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum dianthophorum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 183 (1813)
Distribution: Australia (E-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum biflorum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 445 (1810), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum dianthum Rusby; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 420 (1907)
Distribution: Peru (Cusco); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum hylobium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 223 (1912)
species :
Solanum dichroandrum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 86 (1852)
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar, Magdalena, Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Aragua)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum dichroandrum var. glabriusculum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 679 (1852)
= Solanum endotrichum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 161 (1913)
= Solanum sanctae-nevadae Dunal & A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 678 (1852)
= Solanum schlimii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 85 (1919)
species :
Solanum didymum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum: 236 (1813)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Pará, Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cliocarpus didymus Miers; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 15: 204 (1855)
= Solanum didymum var. subglabrum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 125 (1852)
= Solanum didymum var. subvirgatum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 26 (1910)
= Solanum didymum var. tomentosum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 125 (1852)
= Solanum divaricatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 125 (1852)
= Solanum gemellum Mart. ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 28 (1846)
= Solanum gemellum var. racemiforme Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 25 (1910)
species :
Solanum dillonii S.Knapp; PhytoKeys 1: 39 (2010)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum dimidiatum Raf.; Autikon Bot. 107 (1840)
Name: Western horsenettle
Distribution: Australia [I] (Queensland [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas); Mexico (Coahuila)
50 aus 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum anoplocladum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 346 (1852)
= Solanum perplexum Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 1115 (1933)
= Solanum platyphyllum Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 227 (1828)
= Solanum torreyi A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 44 (1862)
= Solanum torreyi f. album Waterf.; Rhodora 51: 27 (1949)
species :
Solanum dimorphandrum S.Knapp; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot. 30(1): 21 (2000)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Magdalena, Valle)
80 PAN 82 CLM
species :
Solanum dimorphispinum C.T.White; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 50: 82 (1938 publ. 1939)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland: Mossman area, north of the Atherton Tableland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum dioicum W.Fitzg.; J. Roy. Soc. W. Australia 3: 203 (1918)
Distribution: Australia (Port Hedland, NW-Western Australia, through the Kimberley to NW-Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum diphyllum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 184 (1753)
Name: Twoleaf nightshade
Distribution: Taiwan [I]; India [I] (Gujarat [I], Maharashtra [I], West Bengal [I]); Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I], Texas [I]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Bahamas [I]; Dominican Republic [I]
38 tai 40 ind 41 vie 42 phi 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 bah his
Synonyms: hidden
= Pseudocapsicum diphyllum (L.) Medik.; Philos. Bot. 1: 122 (1789)
species :
Solanum diploconos (Mart.) Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 584 (1995)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraná)
84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra diploconos (Mart.) Sendtn.; Flora xxviii (1845) 169. t. 3, f. 1-10
= Cyphomandra diploconos var. brevifolia Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 390 (1852)
= Cyphomandra floribunda (Miers) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 390 (1852)
= Cyphomandra fragrans (Hook.) Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 116 (1846)
= Cyphomandra piperoides Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 390 (1852), nom. inval.
= Pallavicinia fragrans (Hook.) De Not.; Flora 30: 568 (1847)
= Pionandra diploconos (Mart.) Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 357 (1845)
= Pionandra floribunda Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 354 (1845)
= Pionandra fragrans (Hook.) Miers; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 357 (1845)
= Solanum fragrans Hook.; Bot. Mag. t. 3684 (1839)
= Witheringia diploconos Mart.; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 76. t. 229 (1829)
species :
Solanum discolor R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 445 (1810)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland: tip of Cape York Peninsula and Mcllwraith Range)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum turraeifolium S.Moore; J. Bot. 61: Suppl. 37 (1923)
species :
Solanum dissectum Symon; Austrobaileya 4(3): 432 (1995)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum dissimile C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 52 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar, Cundinamarca, Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Solanum distichophyllum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 35 (1846)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas); Peru; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso)
82 VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum badilloi Benítez; Ernstia 44: 1 (1987)
= Solanum distichophyllum var. gracile Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 35 (1846)
species :
Solanum ditrichum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 721 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum diversiflorum F.Muell.; Fragm. 6: 146 (1868)
Distribution: Australia (NW-Western Australia to the Kimberley, extending E to the Tanami Desert in Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum diversifolium Schltdl.; Linnaea 19: 297 (1846), ?nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. diversifolium
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Belize; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Boyacá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Sucre); Venezuela (Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Sucre, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS HON PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra campanulata Moritz ex Steyerm. & Huber; Fl. Avila 823 (1978)
= Cyphomandra caracasana (Roem. & Schult.) Sendtn.; Flora 28: 168. t. 2, f. 1-3 (1845)
= Cyphomandra diversifolia (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 354 (1921)
= Solanum caracasanum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 664 (1819)
= Solanum heterophyllum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 664 (1819), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. chloranthum (Rusby) Bohs; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3(2): 509 (2009)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Huila, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Lara, Merida, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo)
80 COS PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra diversifolia subsp. chlorantha (Rusby) Bohs; Fl. Neotrop. 63: 82 (1994)
= Cyphomandra chlorantha Rusby; Descr. New Sp. S. Am. Pl. 116 (1920)
= Cyphomandra caudata Standl.; Tropical Woods, No. 16, 25 (1928), nomen, et Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 4: 258 (1929), descr.
= Cyphomandra meridensis Pittier ex Steyerm. & Rojas; Pittieria 7: 19 (1978)
species :
Solanum doddsii Correll; Wrightia 2: 186 (1961)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum dolichocremastrum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 3 (1913)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chavinense Correll; Wrightia 2: 185 (1961)
= Solanum huanucense Ochoa; Solan. Tuberif. Silvestr. Peru, 190 (1963)
species :
Solanum dolichorhachis Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 490 (1913)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum dolichosepalum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 395 (1920)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Zulia)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Solanum dolosum C.V.Morton ex S.Knapp; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73(4): 742 (1986 publ. 1987)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Risaralda, Valle); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Solanum donianum Walp.; Rep. 3: 54 (1844)
Distribution: USA (Florida, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; Bahamas
77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bahamense Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 24 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Solanum blodgettii Chapm.; Fl. S. U. St. 349 (1860)
= Solanum verbascifolium Banks ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 271 (1852)
= Solanum verbascifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 184 (1753), nom. rej.
species :
Solanum douglasii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 48 (1852)
Name: Greenspot nightshade (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Isla Guadalupe; Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua
76 USA 77 USA 79 GLP MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum arizonicum Parish; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 3, Bot. 2: 165 (1901)
= Solanum extusviolascens Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 7 (1912)
= Solanum nigrum var. douglasii (Dunal) A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. ed. 2, 21: 228 (1886)
= Solanum profundeincisum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 80 (1913)
= Solanum umbelliferum var. trachycladum Torr.; Pacif. Railr. Rep. Parke, Bot. 7(3): 17 (1856)
species :
Solanum dryanderense A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 695 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum dulcamara L.; Sp. Pl. 185 (1753)
Name: Bittersüßer Nachtschatten (DE), Climbing nightshade (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; SE-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Terceira); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran, N-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, SW-Sichuan, Xinjiang, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram, Hazara, Murree); N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Myanmar (Mandalay, Yangon); Vietnam; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND PAK 41 MYA VIE 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: dulcamara agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Dulcamara flexuosa Moench; Methodus 514 (1794)
= Dulcamara flexuosa var. cordata Opiz; Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 3: xv (1843)
= Dulcamara flexuosa var. hastiifolia Opiz; Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 3: xvi (1843)
= Dulcamara flexuosa var. hirsuta Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 332 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Dulcamara flexuosa var. ovata Opiz; Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 3: xv (1843)
= Dulcamara flexuosa violacea Opiz; Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 3: xvi (1843)
= Dulcamara lignosa Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 37 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Lycopersicon dulcamara (L.) Medik.; Beobacht. 245 (1784)
= Solanum asiae-mediae Pojark.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 17: 330 (1955)
= Solanum assimile Friv.; Flora 19: 439 (1836)
= Solanum borealisinense C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 67: 84 (1978), nom. superfl.
= Solanum depilatum Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Research Manchoukuo 3: App. 1, 390 (1939) non Bitter (1913)
= Solanum dulcamara lusus atroviolaceum Mathé; Bot. Kozlem. 59(2): 129 (1972)
= Solanum dulcamara subvar. villosissimum (Desv.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2): 305 (1915)
= Solanum dulcamara unranked littorale (Raab) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 7 (1861)
= Solanum dulcamara f. albiflorum Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 39 (1923)
= Solanum dulcamara f. albiflorum House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 613 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Solanum dulcamara f. album Lindstr.; Bot. Not. 1892: 265 (1892)
= Solanum dulcamara f. lucidum Máthé; Bot. Közlem. 59: 129 (1972)
= Solanum dulcamara f. persicum (Willd.) Vollm.; 643 (1914)
= Solanum dulcamara f. subglabrum Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 222 (1887)
= Solanum dulcamara subsp. hastiifolia (Opiz) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara subsp. ovatum (Opiz) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Solanum dulcamara subsp. pusztarum (Soó) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 382 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Solanum dulcamara subsp. rupestre (F.W.Schmidt) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. albiflorum Lév.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 205 (1908), nom. nud.
= Solanum dulcamara var. alboviolaceum Lindstr.; Bot. Not. 1920: 203 (1920)
= Solanum dulcamara var. album G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 409 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. alpinum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 478 (1866)
= Solanum dulcamara var. canescens Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 39 (1923)
= Solanum dulcamara var. carneum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 409 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. cordatum (Opiz) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. cordifolium Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 173 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. hirsutum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 79 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Solanum dulcamara var. hirsutum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 409 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. indivisum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 285 (1879)
= Solanum dulcamara var. integrifolium Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 526 (1870)
= Solanum dulcamara var. laciniatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. littorale Moritzi; 111 (1832)
= Solanum dulcamara var. macrocarpum Maxim.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1870: 26 (1870)
= Solanum dulcamara var. marinum Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 210 (1843)
= Solanum dulcamara var. ovatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. ovatum Maxim.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1868(Suppl.): 26 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Solanum dulcamara var. ovatum Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 173 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. palustre Dierb.; 215 (1825)
= Solanum dulcamara var. palustre Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 79 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. persicum (Willd.) Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(I): 431 (1866)
= Solanum dulcamara var. pubescens Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 129 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Solanum dulcamara var. pubescens N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 190 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamara var. pusztarum Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 172 (1973)
= Solanum dulcamara var. riparium H.Post; Bot. Bot. 1844: 125 (1844)
= Solanum dulcamara var. rupestre (F.W.Schmidt) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 581 (1819)
= Solanum dulcamara var. rupestre Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 78 (1852)
= Solanum dulcamara var. rupestre Pohl; 219 (1809)
= Solanum dulcamara var. subsphaeroideum Murr; 43 (1907)
= Solanum dulcamara var. terrestre H.Post; Bot. Not. 1844: 125 (1844)
= Solanum dulcamara var. tomentosum W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 2: 508 (1837)
= Solanum dulcamara var. variegatum Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 385 (1830), nom. inval.
= Solanum dulcamara var. villosissimum Desv.; Observ. Pl. Angers: 111 (1818)
= Solanum dulcamara var. violaceum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 409 (1838)
= Solanum dulcamarum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 135 (1880), orth. var.
= Solanum kieseritzkii C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 113 (1831)
= Solanum kitagawae Schönb.-Tem.; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 100: 15 (1972)
= Solanum laxum Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 279 (1835), nom. subnud.
= Solanum lignosum Sloboda; 358 (1852) ex Holub 1974, nom. illeg.
= Solanum littorale Raab; Flora 2: 414 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Solanum marinum (Bab.) Pojark.; Schischk. & Bobrov, Fl. URSS 22: 16 (1955)
= Solanum persicum subsp. pseudopersicum (Pojark.) Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica: 14 (1972)
= Solanum persicum Willd.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 662 (1819)
= Solanum pseudopersicum Pojark.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 17: 328 (1955)
= Solanum ruderale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 133 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Solanum rupestre F.W.Schmidt; Fl. Boëm. 2: 96 (1793)
= Solanum rupestre Waisb.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 45: 143 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Solanum scandens Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 119 (1768), nom. superfl.
species :
Solanum dulcamaroides Dunal; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 751 (1814)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum macranthemum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 596 (1819), sphalm.
= Solanum macrantherum Dunal; Solan. Syn. 16 (1816)
= Solanum megalospermum J.L.Gentry & A.Child; Brenesia 16: 147 (1979)
= Solanum nutans Sessé & Moc.; Fl. Mexic., ed. 2: 50 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Solanum sarmentosum Pav. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 87 (1852)
= Solanum scandens Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 87 (1852), nom. inval.
species :
Solanum dumicola A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 770 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum dunalianum Gaudich.; Freyc. Voy. Bot. 448. t. 58 (1838)
Distribution: Sulawesi; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland: N-Cape York peninsula, Thursday Isl.); Vanuatu; Tonga
42 MOL NWG SUL 50 AUS 60 TON VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum dunalianum var. lanceolatum Witasek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 166 (1908)
= Solanum dunalianum var. puberius Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 73 (1919)
= Solanum pulvinare Scheff.; Ann. Jard. Buitenz. 1: 39 (1876)
species :
Solanum dysprosium A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 709 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum eardleyae Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 212 (1981)
Distribution: Australia (Musgrave and Everard Ranges and Mt Connor in Central Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum eburneum Symon; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 95(4): 228 (1971)
Distribution: Australia (NW-Northern Territory: East Baines River area)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum echegarayi Hieron.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Cordova 9: 58 (1881)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, San Luis); Chile (Valparaíso)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum glaberrimum C.V.Morton; Revis. Argentine Sp. Solanum: 82 (1976), nom. illeg., non Dunal
= Solanum hastatilobum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 246 (1912)
= Solanum hastatilobum subsp. brachyphyllum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 171 (1914)
= Solanum juncalense Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 347 (1910)
= Solanum juncalense subsp. aconcaguae Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 156 (1913)
species :
Solanum echidniforme Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 324 (1852)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum echinatum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 447 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia: Kimberley Region, Northern Territory, NW-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ellipticum var. pannifolium A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 4: 464 (1868)
= Solanum wilkinsii S.Moore; J. Bot. 64: 95 (1926)
= Solanum seitheae Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 201 (1981)
species :
Solanum edinense Berthault; Ann. Sci. Agron. Franc. Etrangere ser. 3, 6 2: 194, fig. 41, 42; tab. 8 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, México State, Michoacan, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum edinense subsp. salamanii (Hawkes) Hawkes; Rec. Scott. Pl. Breed. Sta. 2: 119 (1963)
= Solanum salamanii Hawkes; Potato Collect. Exped. Mexico & S. Amer., 2, Syst. Classific. Collect. 2: 28, 116 (1944)
species :
Solanum edmonstonii Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 20: 201 (1847)
Distribution: Galapagos; Peru (Viejas Isl.)
83 GAL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum andersonii Ochoa; Phytologia 46(4): 225 (1980)
= Solanum ferreyrae Ugent; Phytologia 31: 18 (1975)
= Solanum murphyi I.M.Johnst.; Contr. Gray Herb. 95: 34 (1931)
species :
Solanum edmundoi Cuevas & N.M.Nuñez; Rev. Mexic. Biodivers. 86(2): 293-297 (2015)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Solanum ehrenbergii (Bitter) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 51: 169 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum cardiophyllum subsp. ehrenbergii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 442 (1912)
= Solanum cardiophyllum var. ehrenbergii (Bitter) Correll; Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 11: 97 (1952)
species :
Solanum eitenii Agra; Syst. Bot. 33(3): 558 (2008)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Maranhao)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum elachophyllum F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 164 (1860)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland: Leichhardt District)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.; Icon. Descr. 3: 22 (1795)
Name: Silverleaf nightshade (EN), Ölweidenblättriger Nachtschatten (DE); Tomatillo (Chile)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Albania [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Egypt [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Iran [I]; Cyprus [I]; Israel [I]; Sinai peninsula [I]; Qatar [I]; Pakistan [I] (Karachi [I]); India [I] (Gujarat [I], Karnataka [I], Jammu & Kashmir [I], Maharashtra [I], Rajasthan [I], Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington State); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (Tortola [I], Virgin Gorda [I]); Aruba [I]; Curacao [I]; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Bocqueron, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Colonia, Montevideo, Paysandu, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago)
11 ger 12 por spa 13 alb bih cro grc kri 20 alg egy mor tun 27 nam saf 34 cyp eai irn isr sin 35 qat 40 ind pak 50 aus 63 haw 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 aru bah cub cur pue vir 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum dealbatum Lindl.; Trans. Hortic. Soc. 7: 52 (1830)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium f. albiflorum Cockerell; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 410 (1893)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium f. benkei Standl.; Rhodora 34: 176 (1932)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. angustifolium Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 225 (1898)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. argyrocroton Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 255 (1879)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. grandiflorum Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 255 (1879)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. leprosum (Ortega) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 291 (1852)
= Solanum elaeagnifolium var. obtusifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 291 (1852)
= Solanum flavidum Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 2: 227 (1828)
= Solanum leprosum Ortega; Nov. Pl. Descr. Dec.: 115 (1800)
= Solanum obtusifolium Humb. & Bonpl. ex Dunal; Solan. Syn. 26 (1816)
= Solanum roemerianum Scheele; Linnaea 21: 767 (1848)
= Solanum saponaceum Hook.; Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2697 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Solanum texense Engelm. & A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 5: 227 (1845)
= Solanum uniflorum Meyen ex Nees; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 388 (1843)
species :
Solanum elatius A.R.Bean; Nuytsia 23: 157 (2013)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum elegans Dunal ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 769 (1814)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum ellipticum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 446 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (S-Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, N-New South Wales, Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ellipticum f. albiflorum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22: 1142 (1929)
= Solanum ellipticum f. ellipticum R.Br.; (1883)
= Solanum ellipticum var. ellipticum R.Br.; Fl. Austral. (1868)
= Solanum ellipticum var. horridum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22: 1142 (1929)
= Solanum ellipticum var. mollibaccalis J.M.Black; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Austral. 52: 227 (1928)
= Solanum lithophilum F.Muell.; Linnaea 25: 434 (1852)
species :
Solanum elvasioides S.Knapp; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95(3): 434 (2008)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Solanum eminens A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 754 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum emmottii A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 8(3): 422 (-424; fig., map) (2011)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory, South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum emulans Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 107 (1840)
Name: American black nightshade, Eastern black nightshade (EN); Amerikanischer Nachtschatten (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; France [I]; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, NewBrunswick, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, NewHampshire, NewJersey, NewMexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
11 bgm ger net 12 fra 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.) For a long time treated as ´S. ptychanthum´ in North America, for example by Manoko et al. (2007)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum adventitium Polg.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 24: 18 (1925 publ. 1926)
= Solanum dillenianum Polgar; Acta Horti Gothob. 13: 281 (1939), nom. superfl.
= Solanum nigrum var. virginicum L.; Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753)
= Solanum pterocaulon var. heterogonum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 52 (1852)
species :
Solanum enantiophyllanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 224 (1912)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum itatiaiae Glaz.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 3: 492 (1911), nom. illeg., non Dusén 1907
= Solanum itatiaiae Glaz. ex Edmonds; Kew Bull. 27: 109 (1972), nom. illeg., non Dusén 1907
species :
Solanum endoadenium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 546 (1913)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum endoadenium var. robustius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 547 (1913)
= Solanum incurvipilum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 158 (1913)
species :
Solanum endopogon (Bitter) Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 585 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. endopogon
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Guaviare, Putumayo, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás)
82 CLM 83 ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra endopogon Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: Beibl. 119, 16 (1916)
subspecies :
subsp. guianense (Bohs) Bohs; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3(2): 509 (2009)
Distribution: French Guiana; Brazil (Amapá, Pará)
82 FRG 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra endopogon subsp. guianensis Bohs; Fl. Neotrop. 63: 90 (1994)
species :
Solanum ensifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 186 (1852)
Name: Erubia, Rubias (Puerto Rico.)
Distribution: Puerto Rico
81 PUE
Conservation Status: endangered (U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service) and IUCN CR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum drymophilum O.E.Schulz; Urb. Symb. Antill. 6: 227 (1909)
species :
Solanum eremophilum F.Muell.; Linnaea 25: 432 (1852)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum erianthum D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 96 (1825)
Name: Berenjena de paloma; Turkey berry, Wild tobacco, Potatotree
Distribution: Guinea [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Liberia [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Nigeria [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I]); Tibet [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (throughout); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Andaman Isl. [I] (South Andamans [I]); Nicobar Isl. [I] (North Nicobars [I]); Myanmar [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I] (Kedah [I], Penang [I], Kelantan [I], Pahang [I], Selangor [I]); Sulawesi [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I] (Bali [I], etc.); Moluccas [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], NE-New South Wales [I]); Palau [I] (Peleliu [I]); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola); Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia); Galapagos
22 ben gha gui ivo lbr nga sie tog 36 chi tib 38 jap tai 40 ban bhu ind nep pak srl 41 and cbd lao mya ncb vie 42 jaw lsi mly mol phi sul 50 aus 62 plu 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 BAH CUB HIS JAM PUE TCI TRT VIR 82 CLM 83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum adulterinum Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List: no. 2616 (1831), nom. inval.
= Solanum amblycalycinum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 135 (1880)
= Solanum amblycalyx Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 371 (1852)
= Solanum corymbosum Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 26 (1790), nom. inval.
= Solanum erianthum var. adulterinum (Ham. ex G.Don) Baker & N.W.Simmonds; Fl. Trinidad & Tobago 2(4): 264 (1953)
= Solanum mauritianum Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. I. 134 (1837)
= Solanum pubescens Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 16 (1814), Fl. Ind. 1: 564 (1820)
= Solanum racemosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 28 (1768)
= Solanum verbascifolium var. adulterinum Ham. ex G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 415 (1838)
species :
Solanum erosomarginatum S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 273 (1986)
Distribution: Venezuela (Trujillo)
82 VEN
species :
Solanum erythracanthum Bojer ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 201 (1852)
Distribution: Madagascar; Comores
29 COM MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum flagelliferum Baker; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. 20: 213 (1883)
= Solanum forsythii Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 193 (1906)
= Solanum nesiotes Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 121 (1923)
= Solanum nossibeense var. elongatius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 126 (1923)
= Solanum nossibeense var. robustius Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 126 (1923)
= Solanum nossibeense Vatke; Linnaea 43: 329 (1880 publ. 1882)
species :
Solanum erythrotrichum Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. 35: 561 (1900)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Trinidad
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 TRT
species :
Solanum esuriale Lindl.; Mitchell, Three Exped. E. Australia, ed. 1, 2: 43 (1838)
Distribution: Australia (NW-Western Australia, SE-Northern Territory, E-South Australia, inland Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ellipticum f. inermis Wawra; Itinera Principum S. Coburgi 1: 100 (1883)
= Solanum esuriale f. esuriale Lindl.; (1928)
= Solanum esuriale f. inerme Wawra; Itin. Princ. S. Coburgi 1: 100 (1883)
= Solanum esuriale f. rubro-aurantiacum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 583 (1929)
= Solanum esuriale f. xanthocarpum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 583 (1929)
= Solanum esuriale var. esuriale Lindl.; (1928)
= Solanum esuriale var. sublobatum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 583 (1929)
= Solanum pulchellum F.Muell.; Trans. & Proc. Vict. Inst. Advancem. Sci. 1: 18 (1855)
species :
Solanum etuberosum Lindl.; Bot. Reg. t. 1712 (1834)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bustillosii Phil.; Linnaea 29: 24 (1858)
= Solanum etuberosum var. antucense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 376 (1912)
= Solanum etuberosum var. bustillosii (Phil.) Witasek; Anales Univ. Chile 124: 738 (1909)
= Solanum etuberosum var. chillanense Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 376 (1912)
= Solanum kunzei Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 6 (1895)
= Solanum looseri Juz.; Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 2: 301 (1937)
= Solanum looseri Juz. ex Bukasov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 58: 115, 186 (1933)
= Solanum subandinum F.Meigen; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 293 (1893), et 18: 397, 461 (1894)
= Solanum tuberosum Bertero ex Walp.; Rep. 3: 39 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Solanum tuberosum var. polemoniifolium Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 2: 330 (1846)
species :
Solanum euacanthum Phil.; Sert. Mendoc. Alt. 37 (1870)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Solanum evolvulifolium Greenm.; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 37: 211 (1904)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda); Ecuador; Peru
80 COS PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum evolvuloides Giacomin & Stehmann; PhytoKeys 7: 3 (2011)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum evonymoides Sendtn.; Flora 24: II. Beibl. 87 (1841)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum exarmatum Anil, Maya, Soumya & K.Murugan; Phytotaxa 221(3): 296 (2015)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Solanum exemptum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(4): 571 (2016)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum exiguum Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 584 (1995) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni); N-Brazil (Acre)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra benensis Rusby; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 196 (1899)
species :
Solanum expedunculatum Symon; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 103 (1985)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum falciforme Farruggia; PhytoKeys 1: 68 (2010)
Distribution: Brazil (Brazília Distrito Federal, Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum falconense S.Knapp; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 19: 103 (1989)
Distribution: Venezuela (Falcon)
82 VEN
species :
Solanum fallax Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 585 (1995) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Colombia (Valle); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra betacea var. velutina Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 394 (1852)
= Cyphomandra hypomalaca Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 346 (1921)
species :
Solanum fecundum A.R.Bean; Phytotaxa 57: 36 (2012)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum felinum Bitter ex Whalen; Gentes Herb. 12(2): 92 (1981)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Yaracuy)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum karstenii A.Braun & C.D.Bouché; Index Seminum hort. Berol. 1853: 10 (1853), non Dunal
species :
Solanum fernandesii V.Samp. & R.L.Moura; Phytotaxa 270(1): 34 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Ceara, Alagoas, Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum fernandezianum Phil.; Linnaea 29: 23 (1857 publ. 1858)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum brevistylum Wittm.; Ann. Sci. Agron. Franç. Étrangère, sér. 3, 6(2): 185 (1911)
= Solanum tuberosum var. fernandezianum (Phil.) Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 353 (1910)
species :
Solanum ferocissimum Lindl.; Mitch. Three Exped. 2: 58 (1838)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, S-Northern Territory, N-South Australia, S-Queensland, W- & C-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum ferocissimum var. hastilobum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22: 1135 (1929)
= Solanum ferocissimum var. rectispineum Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22: 1134 (1929)
= Solanum leptophyllum F.Muell.; Fragm. Phytogr. Austral. 2: 164 (1861)
species :
Solanum ferrugineum Jacq.; Hort. Schoenb. 3: 46. t. 334 (1798)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Michoacan, Sonora, Veracruz, Durango, Chiapas, Tabasco); Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro); Honduras; Costa Rica
79 MEX RGI 80 COS HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum hernandesii Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 771 (1813)
= Solanum madrense Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. 35: 558 (1900)
= Solanum torvum var. ferrugineum (Jacq.) Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 95 (1846)
= Solanum torvum var. hartwegianum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 95 (1846)
species :
Solanum fervens A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 686 (2004)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland)
42 NWG 50 AUS
species :
Solanum fiebrigii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 556 (1912)
Distribution: Peru (Cusco); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum codonanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 235 (1912)
species :
Solanum filiforme Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 31. t. 159 (1799)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum apalophyllum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 42 (1852)
species :
Solanum filirhachis Giacomin & Stehmann; PhytoKeys 47: 19 (2015)
Distribution: Brazil (Espírito Santo)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum flaccidum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 87 2: t. 115 (1829)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Amambay, San Pedro)
84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum convolvuliforme St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 185 (1880)
= Solanum convolvulus Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 48 (1846)
= Solanum convolvulus var. heterophyllum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 16 (1910)
= Solanum convolvulus var. pilosum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 83 (1852)
= Solanum delilei Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 81 (1852)
= Solanum flaccidum var. heterophyllum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 17 (1910)
= Solanum fultum Schrank ex Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 49 (1846)
= Solanum luridum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 88 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum triphyllum Vell.; Fl. Flumin.: 88 (1829)
= Solanum uncinellum var. atrosanguineum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 76 (1852)
= Solanum uvariifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: t. 88 (1852)
species :
Solanum flagellare Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 68 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (São Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum humifusum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 237 (1852)
= Solanum ilicifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 190 (1852)
species :
Solanum flahaultii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 57 (1913)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Santander)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum neovalenzuelae L.E.López; Caldasia, 14(68-70): 444 (1986)
species :
Solanum flexicaule Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 141 (1844)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Conservation Status: only type known
species :
Solanum foetens Pittier ex S.Knapp; Brittonia 38(3): 275 (1986)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum silvicolum C.V.Morton; nom. nud.
species :
Solanum forsskaolii Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 237 (1813), nom. nov.
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Niger; NE-Chad (Ennedi); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Kenya; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, Tihama, W-Yemen); Pakistan (Karachi, Sind); India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan)
20 EGY 22 MLI MTN NGR SEN 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN 35 SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum albicaule Kotschy ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13 1: 204 (1852)
= Solanum albicaule var. parvifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 102 (1923)
= Solanum cinereum Salt; Voy. Abyss.: 62 (1814), nom. inval.
= Solanum darfurense Delile ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 204 (1852)
= Solanum hadaq Deflers; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 122 (1896)
= Solanum heudelotii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 205 (1852)
= Solanum macilentum A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 105 (1850)
= Solanum scindicum Prain; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 65: 542 (1896)
= Solanum villosum Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 47 (1775), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum fortunense Bohs; Taxon 44(4): 584 (1995) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS HON PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra dolichocarpa Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 327 (1921)
species :
Solanum fosbergianum D´Arcy; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60(3): 700 (1973 publ. 1974)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
species :
Solanum fragile Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 105 (1859)
Name: Ñuñumaya [Chile]
Distribution: Peru (Ancash, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cusco, Huancavelica, Lima, Moquegua, Puno, Tacna); Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Potosí); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá)
83 BOL PER 85 CLE
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum atriplicifolium var. minus Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 387 (1843)
= Solanum hauthalii Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: Beibl. 111, 61 (1913)
species :
Solanum francisii A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 768 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum fraxinifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 39 (1852)
Distribution: Guatemala; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia; Venezuela; Bolivia (La Paz)
80 COS GUA NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum fraxinifolium var. protaxanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 147 (1913)
= Solanum grossularia subsp. protaxanthum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 538 (1912)
species :
Solanum friburgense Giacomin & Stehmann; PhytoKeys 38: 78 (2014)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum fulgens (J.F.Macbr.) K.E.Roe; Brittonia 24: 275 (1972)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum umbellatum var. fulgens J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5B): 222 (1962)
species :
Solanum fulvidum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 390 (1920)
Distribution: Guyana; French Guiana; N-Brazil (Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Rondônia)
82 FRG GUY 84 BRA
species :
Solanum furcatum Dunal; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 750 (1814)
Name: Forked nightshade (EN), Hierba mora [Chile]
Distribution: Australia [I] (Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén); Juan Fdz. Isl.
50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 76 usa 85 ARG CLE JNF
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum andinum Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 846 (1910)
= Solanum bridgesii Phil.; Linnaea 33: 203 (1864 publ. 1865)
= Solanum bridgesii var. deltoideum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 15 (1910)
= Solanum bridgesii var. ocellatum (Phil.) Witasek ex Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 124: 460 (1909)
= Solanum caudiculatum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 91: 12 (1895)
= Solanum coxii Phil.; Linnaea 33: 200 (1864 publ. 1865)
= Solanum crenatodentatum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 54 (1852)
= Solanum deltoideum Colla; Herb. Pedem. 4: 273 (1835)
= Solanum furcatum var. acutidentatum Nees; Nov. Act. Acad. Caes. Leop. 19, Suppl. 1: 386 (1843), as acutedentatum
= Solanum furcatum var. glabrum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 412 (1837)
= Solanum furcatum var. integerrimum Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 333 (1843)
= Solanum furcatum var. obtusidentatum Nees; Nov. Act. Acad. Caes. Leop. 19, Suppl. 1: 386 (1843), as ´obtusedentatum´
= Solanum furcatum var. pilosum G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 412 (1837)
= Solanum masafueranum Bitter & Skottsb.; Skottsb., Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez 2: 167 (1921)
= Solanum muricatum Bertero ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 150 (1852), nom. inval.
= Solanum nigrum var. crenatodentatum (Dunal) O.E.Schulz; Symb. Antill. 6: 160 (1909)
= Solanum ocellatum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 91: 14 (1895)
= Solanum pterocaulum var. dichotomiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 52 (1852)
= Solanum rancaguense Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 150 (1852)
= Solanum rancaguinum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 43: 523 (1873)
= Solanum robinsonianum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 7 (1912)
= Solanum spretum C.V.Morton & L.B.Sm.; Revis. Argentina. Solanum: 132 (1976)
= Solanum subandinum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 91: 13 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Solanum tredecimgranum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 6 (1912)
= Witheringia furcata (Dunal) J.Rémy; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 5: 67 (1849)
species :
Solanum furfuraceum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 446 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (E-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum fusiforme L.B.Sm. & Downs; Phytologia 10: 431 (1964)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraná); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra fusiformis (Sm. & Downs) A.Child; Feddes Repert. 95(5-6): 295 (1984)
species :
Solanum gabrielae Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 89: 588 (1929)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia: Hamersley Range)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum galactites A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 9(4): 574 (2016), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum heteracanthum Merr. & L.M.Perry; J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 48 (1949), nom. illeg.
species :
Solanum galapagense S.C.Darwin & Peralta; Syst. Biodivers. 1(1): 45 (2003)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
species :
Solanum galbinum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 782 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum gandarillasii Cárdenas; Bol. Soc. Peru. Bot. 5: 16 (1956)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
species :
Solanum garcia-barrigae Ochoa; Biota 11: 221 (1978)
Distribution: Colombia (Magdalena, Norte de Santander)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum donachui (Ochoa) Ochoa; Phytologia 54(5): 392 (1983), et Phytologia 59(7): 461 (1986)
= Solanum garcia-barrigae var. donachui Ochoa; Phytologia 51(6): 401 (1982)
species :
Solanum gardneri Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 69 (1846)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Yucatan); Trinidad; Colombia (Boyacá, Huila, Santander); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre); NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
79 MEX 81 TRT 82 CLM VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chaetacanthum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 186 (1852)
= Solanum gardneri var. oligacanthum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 69 (1846)
= Solanum ierense Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 48: 338 (1922)
= Solanum margaritense J.R.Johnst.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 40: 695 (1905)
= Solanum phlomidifolium Moric. ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 192 (1852)
= Solanum phlomidifolium var. gardneri (Sendtn.) Dunal; Prodr. 13(1): 193 (1852)
species :
Solanum gertii S.Knapp; Brittonia 44(1): 67 (1992)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum gibbsiae J.R.Drumm.; Gibbs, Phytogeogr. & Fl. Arfak Mts. 177 (1917)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Solanum giganteum Jacq.; Coll. 4: 125 (1791)
Name: Healing-leaf Tree, Thorny Bug-tree
Distribution: Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; India (Gujarat, Hariyana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan); Sri Lanka
21 cny 22 NGA 23 CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum argenteum B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List: no. 2610 (1831), nom. inval.
= Solanum bequaertii De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 141 (1914)
= Solanum corymbosum Wight ex Nees; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 48 (1834), nom. inval.
= Solanum farinaceum Griff.; Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts.: 111 (1848)
= Solanum farinosum Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 2: 255 (1824)
= Solanum giganteum var. longifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 259 (1852)
= Solanum giganteum var. tenuifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 259 (1852)
= Solanum muansense Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 243 (1912)
= Solanum nilghiry Noton ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 259 (1852)
= Solanum niveum Vahl ex Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 36 (1794)
= Solanum seretii De Wild.; Miss. E. Laurent 1: 439 (1907)
= Solanum sordidescens Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 260 (1921)
= Solanum vagum B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List: no. 2624 (1831), nom. inval.
species :
Solanum gilesii Symon; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Australia 95(4): 229 (1971)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Western Australia, WC-Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum gilioides Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 4: 228 (1895)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum nicandricalyx Cabrera; Bol. Soc. Argentina. Bot. 13(4): 326 (1971)
species :
Solanum glabratum Dunal; Hist. Nat. Solanum 222 (1813)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen)
24 ERI ETH SOM 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bahamense Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 46 (1775), nom. illeg.
= Solanum boselliae Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 83 (1911)
= Solanum erysimifolium Delile; Héric., Sec. Voy. Choa: 342 (1846)
= Solanum glabratum var. erysimifolium (Delile) Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 70 (1923)
= Solanum glabratum var. sepicula (Dunal) J.R.I.Wood; Handbook Yemen Fl.: 227 (1997)
= Solanum palmetorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 282 (1852)
= Solanum sepicula Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13,1: 283 (1852)
= Solanum sepicula var. calvifrons Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 71 (1923)
= Solanum sepicula var. microlepis Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 16: 71 (1923)
= Solanum uncinatum R.Br.; Voy. Abyss., App.: lxiv (1814)
species :
Solanum glandulosipilosum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 213 (1912)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum adenochlamys Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 169 (1914)
= Solanum fabrisii Cabrera; Hickenia, 1(31): 164 (1978)
species :
Solanum glaucescens Zucc.; Abh. Akad. Muench. 2: 325 (1831 publ. 1836)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco); Cuba [I]
79 MEX 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum hamatile Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 192 (1915)
= Solanum lanceifolium var. sagranum (A.Rich.) M.Gómez; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 268 (1894)
= Solanum oaxacanum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 204 (1852)
= Solanum sagraeanum A.Rich.; Hist. Fis. Cuba, Fanerogamia 2: 124 (1845)
= Solanum sagranum A.Rich.; Hist. Fis. Cuba 11: 124 (1850)
species :
Solanum glaucophyllum Desf.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Par. ed. III. 396 (1829)
Name: Waxyleaf nightshade
Distribution: Algeria [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I] (Maharashtra [I], Tripura [I], Uttar Pradesh [I], Uttarakhand [I], West Bengal [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Bocqueron, Concepcion, Cordillera, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Montevideo, Rocha, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
20 alg 40 ind nep 78 usa 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum glaucescens Bacle ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 100 (1852), nom. nud.
= Solanum glaucum Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 3: 188 (1851)
= Solanum glaucum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 100, Bertol. Misc. Bot. 12: 46 (1852)
= Solanum glaucum Rojas; Cat. Hist. Nat. Corrient. 75, 174 (1897)
= Solanum glaucum-fruticosum Larrañaga; Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 2: 88 (1923)
= Solanum malacoxylon f. albomarginatum (Chodat) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 121 (1918)
= Solanum malacoxylon Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 52 (1846)
= Solanum malacoxylon var. albomarginatum Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 153 (1916)
= Solanum malacoxylon var. angustissimum (Kuntze) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 120 (1918)
= Solanum malacoxylon var. angustissimum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 227 (1898)
= Solanum malacoxylon var. latifolium Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 227 (1898)
= Solanum malacoxylon var. subvirescens Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 120 (1918)
= Solanum melanoxylon Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 188 (1821)
species :
Solanum glomuliflorum Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 24 (1846)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bassovia glomuliflora Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: 405 (1852)
= Solanum monocarpum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 146 (1852)
species :
Solanum glutinosum Dunal; Encycl., Suppl. 3: 769 (1814)
Distribution: Colombia (Cundinamarca); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum nicotianifolium Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 10 (1816)
species :
Solanum gnaphalocarpum Vell.; Fl. Flumin. 82 2: t. 91 (1829)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum eriocarpum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 131 (1852)
= Solanum monodynamum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 131 (1852)
species :
Solanum goetzei Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 473 (1900)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bagamojense Bitter & Dammer; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 92 (1914)
= Solanum goetzei var. bagamojense (Bitter & Dammer) Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 270 (1921)
= Solanum muha Dammer; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 186 (1906)
species :
Solanum gomphodes Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 339 (1852)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum macrocalyx Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 337 (1852)
= Solanum macrocalyx f. opacum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 44 (1910)
= Solanum macrocalyx var. angustifolium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 337 (1852)
= Solanum macrocalyx var. recurvum Witasek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(advance separate): 44 (1910)
species :
Solanum goniocaulon S.Knapp; Novon 2(4): 343 (1992)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Solanum gonocladum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 93 (1852)
Distribution: Peru (Ancash, Ayacucho, Cusco, Junín, Moquegua, Puno); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí); Chile (Arica y Parinacota)
83 BOL PER 85 CLE
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum atricoeruleum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 563 (1912)
= Solanum bangii Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 552 (1912)
= Solanum nanum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 564 (1912)
= Solanum poecilochromifolium Rusby; Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 419 (1907)
species :
Solanum gonyrhachis S.Knapp; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 19: 105 (1989)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); N-Brazil (Acre)
83 BOL 84 BRA
species :
Solanum goodspeedii K.E.Roe; Brittonia 24(3): 272 (1972)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Solanum graciliflorum Dunal; Encycl. (Lam.) Suppl. 3: 763 (1814)
Distribution: Sulawesi; Philippines [I]; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); Moluccas (Ambon)
42 JAW LSI MOL phi SUL
Remarks: not recollected since the early 20th century
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum athroanthum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 208 (1852)
= Solanum densiflorum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 208 (1852)
species :
Solanum gracilifrons Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: Beibl. 119, 6 (1916)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Solanum grandidentatum Phil.; Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de Chile 2(Bot. 8): 64 (1891)
Distribution: Ecuador (Canar, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo, Pichincha, Tungurahua); Peru (Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Junín, Lima, La Libertad, Moquegua, San Martín, Tacna); Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Arica y Parinacota); Argentina (Jujuy)
83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Remarks: Morelloid clade (nigrum agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum chenopodioides Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13: t. 55 (1852)
= Solanum excisirhombeum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 1 (1912)
= Solanum mendocianum Gillies ex Nees; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 387 (1843)
= Solanum myriadenium Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 157 (1913)
= Solanum sanfurgoi Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 91: 10 (1895) (sanfuegoi auct.)
= Solanum tarapacanum Phil.; Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de Chile 2(Bot. 8): 65 (1891)
species :
Solanum grandiflorum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 2: 35. t. 168 (1799)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Guainía, Quindío, Valle); French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia)
82 CLM FRG 83 ECU PER 84 BRA
species :
Solanum graniticola V.Samp. & Gouvêa; Syst. Bot. 44(2): 417 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Ceara)
84 BRA
species :
Solanum graniticum A.R.Bean; Austrobaileya 6(4): 732 (2004)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Solanum granulosoleprosum Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 115 (1852)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caazapa, Bocqueron, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Neembucu, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Rocha, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa Prov., Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum verbascifolium subf. intermedium Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 117 (1918)
= Solanum verbascifolium f. granulosoleprosum (Dunal) Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 117 (1918)
species :
Solanum gratum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 59 (1922)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum avilense Pittier; Supl. Pl. Usual. Venez. 55 (1939) nom. nud.
species :
Solanum graveolens Bunbury; Proc. Linn. Soc. 1: 110 (1841)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyphomandra fraxinella Sendtn.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 10: 122 (1846)
= Cyphomandra pinnata (Miers) R.Wagner; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 31: 150 (1917)
= Pionandra fraxinella (Sendtn.) Miers; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 15: 199 (1855)
= Pionandra pinnata Miers; Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. II. 15: 199 (1855)
= Solanum graveolens var. bunburyi Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 63 (1913)
= Solanum graveolens var. glabriusculum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 63 (1913)
= Solanum graveolens var. pentazygum Bitter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 64 (1913)
= Solanum martii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 399 (1852)
species :
Solanum grayi Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 1: 108 (1891)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
variant :
var. grandiflorum Whalen; Wrightia 5(7): 233 (1976)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan)
79 MEX
species :
Solanum guamense Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot. 9: 139 (1914)
Distribution: Northern Marianas (Maug, Saipan, Tinian, Rota); Guam
62 GUM MRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum saipanense Bitter; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 559 (1921)
species :
Solanum guaraniticum A.St.-Hil.; Mem. Mus. Par. 12: 321 (1825)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canelones, Bocqueron, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum bonariense f. intermedium Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 231 (1918)
= Solanum bonariense f. lobatum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 231 (1918)
= Solanum bonariense var. leptophyllum Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 157 (1916)
= Solanum bonariense var. lobatum Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 157 (1916)
= Solanum bonariense var. paraguariense Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 231 (1918)
= Solanum bonariense var. subintegrum Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 157 (1916)
= Solanum bonariense var. villaricense Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 8: 157 (1916)
= Solanum fastigiatum var. acicularium Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 348 (1852)
= Solanum paraguariense Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 2: 814 (1902), nom. illeg.
= Solanum villaricense f. lobatum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 117 (1911)
= Solanum villaricense f. subintegrum Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 117 (1911)
= Solanum villaricense Morong; Ann. New York Acad. sci. 7: 178 (1893)
= Solanum villaricense var. paraguariense Hassl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 117 (1911)
species :
Solanum guerreroense Correll; Agric. Monogr. U. S. Dept. Agric., No. 11 (Sect. Tuber. Gen. Solan. N. &-Centr. Amer.) 65 (1952)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Solanum guineense L.; Sp. Pl.: 184 (1753)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Solanum aggregatum Jacq.; Collectanea 4: 124 (1791)
= Solanum dasypus Drège ex Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 161 (1852)
= Solanum monticola Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 13(1): 161 (1852)<