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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

125.0000 Family Orchidaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 64 (1789), nom. cons.
over 800 genera, more than 30.000 spp. worldwide, mostly tropical
Species listed in database: 30547; hybrids: 1294
= Apostasiaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833), nom. cons.
= Cypripediaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833)
= Limodoraceae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 44 (1847)
= Liparidaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 567 (1895)
= Neottiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 50 (1834)
= Neuwiediaceae R.Dahlgren ex Reveal & Hoogland, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 13: 91 (1991)
= Ophrydaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 566 (1895)
= Pycnanthaceae Ravenna, Onira 12(6): 29 (2011)
= Vanillaceae Lindl., Key Bot.: 73 (1835)
125.4723 Genus Spiranthes Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 50: 1818) 28 (1817)
Distribution: mostly North America, Central America and Antilles, few in Europe, Asia and Australia, 1 widespread to Pacific
Species listed in database: 41; hybrids: 10
= Aristotelea Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 522 (1790)
= Cycloptera Endl., Ench. 113 (1841)
= Dothilis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 60 (1836)
= Gyrostachys Pers., Syn. 2: 511 (1807) (Gyrostachis) [nom. illeg.]
= Helictonia Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 148 (1789)
= Ibidium Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 291 (1812)
= Monustes Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 87 (1836)
= Narica Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 87 (1836)
= Triorchis Millán, Jac. Pet. Opera t. 68, f. 7 (1765)
species :
Spiranthes aestivalis (Poir.) Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 58: 1818) 36 (1817)
Name: Sommer-Drehwurz
Distribution: Austria; +Belgium; +England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Slovakia; France; Germany; ?Greece; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Sardinia; Algeria; Morocco
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM GER HUN NET SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachis aestivalis (Poir.) Dum., Fl. Belg. 134 (1827)
= Neottia aestivalis (Poir.) Lam., Encyc. 4: 567 (1798)
= Neottia spiralis Sw., Schrad., Neues Journ. 1: 51 (1805)
= Ophrys aestiva Balb., Elench. 96 (1801)
= Ophrys aestivalis Poir., Encyc. 4: 567 (1798)
= Spiranthes aestivalis (Poir.) Rich., Mem. Mus. Par. 4: 58 (1818)
species :
Spiranthes alticola D.L.Jones; Orchadian 15(12): 555 (2008)
Distribution: Australia (A. C. T.)
50 AUS
species :
Spiranthes arcisepala M.C.Pace; Syst. Bot. 42(4): 650 (2017)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick); USA (New York, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, NW-Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, S-Michigan, N-Ohio, West Virginia, W-Maryland, W-Virginia, E-Tennessee, W-North Carolina)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
species :
Spiranthes bightensis M.C.Pace; Phytotaxa 498(3): 139 (2021)
Distribution: USA (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
species :
Spiranthes brevilabris Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 471 (1840)
Distribution: SE-USA (E-Texas, Louisiana, S-Mississippi, S-Alabama, S-Georgia, Florida)
77 USA 78 USA
Conservation Status: extremely threatened, only 1 extant population known
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys brevilabris (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Spiranthes gracilis var. brevilabris (Lindl.) Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 8: 74 (1940)
species :
Spiranthes casei Catling & Cruise; Rhodora 76 (808): 527 (1974 publ. 1975)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, S-Québec, S-Ontario); USA (Wisconsin, N-Michigan, N-New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, N-Maine)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
variant :
var. novaescotiae Catling; Canad. J. Bot. 59 (7): 1261 (1981)
Distribution: Canada (Nova Scotia)
72 CDN
species :
Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 59: 1818) 37 (1817), s. str.
Name: Nodding Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: E-Canada (New Brunswick, Prince Edward Isl., Nova Scotia); USA (Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, S-New York, New Jersey, SE-Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, S-Ohio, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, NW-Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, E-Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys cernua (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys cernua (L.) Shafer, Ann. Carneg. Mus. 1: 104 (1904)
= Limodorum autumnale Walt., Fl. Carol. 221 (1788)
= Ibidium cernuum (L.) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 381 (1905)
= Neottia cernua (L.) Sw., Schrad., Neues Journ. 1: 52 (1805)
= Ophrys cernua L., Sp. Pl. ed. II, 946 (1763)
= Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich., Mem. Mus. Par. 4: 59 (1818)
= Triorchis cernua (L.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 122 (1913)
= Spiranthes parksii Correll, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 16: 400 (1947) [fide Pace & Cameron 2017]
= Gyrostachys constricta Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 25: 609 (1898)
= Spiranthes constricta (Small) K.Schum., Bot. Jahresber. 26 (1): 339 (1900)
species :
Spiranthes delitescens Sheviak; Rhodora 92 (872): 215 (1990)
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN E (known only from Cienegas)
species :
Spiranthes diluvialis Sheviak; Brittonia 36 (1): 11 (1984)
Distribution: USA (N-Colorado, +Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. diluvialis (Sheviak) S.L.Welsh, Rhodora 95 (883­884): 419 (1993)
species :
Spiranthes elytra D.L.Jones & R.J.Bates; Austral. Orchid Rev. 80(4): 27 (2015)
Distribution: Australia
50 AUS
species :
Spiranthes floridana (Wherry) Cory; Rhodora 38: 405 (1936)
Distribution: SE-USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, E-Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Conservation Status: very rare, a single extant population known
Synonyms: hidden
= Ibidium floridanum Wherry, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 21: 49 (1931)
= Spiranthes brevilabris var. floridana (Wherry) Luer, Native Orchids Florida 104 (1972)
= Spiranthes gracilis var. floridana (Wherry) Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 8: 76 (1940)
species :
Spiranthes graminea Lindl.; Benth., Pl. Hartw. 25 (1840)
Distribution: Nicaragua; ?Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico (Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX 80 HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys graminea (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
species :
Spiranthes himalayensis Survesw., Kumar & Mei Sun; PhytoKeys 89: 118 (2017)
Distribution: India (Manipur); China (Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 IND
species :
Spiranthes hongkongensis S.Y.Hu & Barretto; Chung Chi J. 13 (2): 2 (1976)
Distribution: China (Hongkong)
36 CHI
Remarks: bona sp. fide Fl. of China
species :
Spiranthes igniorchis M.C.Pace; Brittonia 69(3): 331 (2017)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
species :
Spiranthes incurva (Jenn.) M.C.Pace; Syst. Bot. 42(4): 656 (2017)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, S-Québec, S-Ontario); USA (Wisconsin, Michigan, N- & W-Pennsylvania, W-New York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, E-Kansas, E-Nebrask)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.; stabilized hybrid derived from S. cernua x magnicamporum
Synonyms: hidden
= Ibidium incurvum Jenn., Ann. Carnegie Mus. 3: 483 (1906)
species :
Spiranthes infernalis Sheviak; Rhodora 91 (867): 226 (1989)
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
76 USA
Conservation Status: IUCN E (known only from one location in Ash Meadows, NV)
species :
Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf.; Herb. Raf. 44 (1833)
Name: Northern Slender Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottia gracilis var. secunda Bigelow, Fl. Bost. ed. 2: 322 (1824)
variant :
var. eatonii (Ames ex P.M.Br.) D.B.Ward; Phytologia 94(3): 476 (2012)
Distribution: USA
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Spiranthes eatonii Ames ex P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 5: 9 (1999)
variant :
var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer; Native Orchids U. S. & Canada excluding Florida 112 (1975)
Distribution: Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys beckii (Lindl.) Stone, Rep. N. Jersey St. Mus., 375 (1910 publ. 1911)
= Gyrostachys gracilis (Bigelow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys gracilis (Bigelow) Shafer, Ann. Carneg. Mus. 1: 104 (1904)
= Ibidium beckii (Lindl.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128 (1906)
= Ibidium gracilis (Bigelow) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 381 (1905)
= Neottia gracilis Bigelow, Fl. Bost. ed. III, 345 (1824)
= Neottia tortilis Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 589 (1814)
= Spiranthes beckii Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. 472 (1840)
= Spiranthes gracilis (Bigelow) Beck, Bot. N. and Midl. U. St. 343 (1833)
= Spiranthes tortilis Beck, Bot. N. and Midl. U. St. 343 (1833)
= Triorchis beckii (Lindl.) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
= Triorchis gracilis (Bigelow) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
species :
Spiranthes laciniata (Small) Ames; Orchid. 1: 120 (1905)
Name: Lace-lip Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: SE-USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys laciniata Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 318 (1903)
= Ibidium laciniatum (Small) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128 (1906)
= Triorchis lacinata (Small) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
species :
Spiranthes longilabris Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 467 (1840)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys brevifolia (Chapm.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys longilabris (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Ibidium longilabre (Lindl.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128 (1906)
= Spiranthes brevifolia Chapm., Fl. S. U. S. 462 (1860)
= Triorchis longilabris (Lindl.) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
species :
Spiranthes lucida (H.H.Eaton) Ames; Orchid. 2: 258 (1908)
Name: Shining Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ibidium plantagineum (Raf.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 381 (1905)
= Neottia lucida H.H.Eaton, Transylvania J. Med. Assoc. Sci. 5: 107 (1832)
= Neottia plantaginea Raf., Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 206 (1818)
= Spiranthes plantaginea (Raf.) Raf., Herb. Raf. 44 (1833) [non Lindl.]
= Spiranthes latifolia Torr. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. 467 (1840)
= Gyrostachys latifolia (Torr. ex Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
species :
Spiranthes magnicamporum Sheviak; Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (7): 287 (1973)
Name: Great Plains Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
species :
Spiranthes maokensis M.C.Pace; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 189(1): 56 (2018)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Spiranthes nebulorum Catling & V.R.Catling; Rhodora 90 (862): 139 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Spiranthes niklasii M.C.Pace; Syst. Bot. 42(4): 660 (2017)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, SE-Oklahoma)
74 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.; a stabilized hybrid derived from S. cernua x S. ovalis
species :
Spiranthes nivea T.P.Lin & W.M.Lin; Taiwania 56(4): 320 (2011)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Spiranthes ochroleuca (Rydb.) Rydb.; Fl. Prairies & Plains Centr. N. Amer. 241 (1932)
Name: Yellow Nodding Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia); USA (Michigan, NE-Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, E-Kentucky, NW-South Carolina, W-North Carolina, W-Virginia, N-New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys ochroleuca Rydb., Britton, Man. Fl. N. U. S. 300 (1901)
= Ibidium ochroleucum (Rydb.) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 381 (1905)
= Spiranthes cernua var. ochroleuca (Rydb.) Ames, Orchid. 1: 145 (1905)
= Spiranthes ×steigeri Correll, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 9: 241 (1941)
= Triorchis ochroleuca (Rydb.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
species :
Spiranthes odorata (Nutt.) Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 467 (1840)
Name: Fragrant Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys odorata (Nutt.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys triloba Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 25: 610 (1898)
= Ibidium odoratum (Nutt.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128 (1906)
= Ibidium trilobum (Small) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. ed. 2: 320 (1913)
= Neottia odorata Nutt., Journ. Acad. Philad. 7: 98 (1834)
= Spiranthes cernua var. odorata (Nutt.) Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 8: 79 (1940)
= Triorchis odorata (Nutt.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
= Triorchis triloba (Small) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
= Spiranthes cernua ssp. odorata (Nutt.) Kreutz & M.H.Schot, Gorteria 38: 93 (2016)
species :
Spiranthes ovalis Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 466 (1840)
Name: Oval Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys ovalis (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys parviflora (Chapm.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 318 (1903)
= Ibidium ovalis (Lindl.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 128 (1906)
= Ibidium parviflorum (Chapm.) Jenn., Ann. Carneg. Mus. 3: 485 (1906)
= Spiranthes cernua var. parviflora Chapm., Fl. S. U. S. ed. 3: 488 (1897)
= Spiranthes montana Raf., Herb. Raf. 45 (1833) [nom. dub.]
= Spiranthes parviflora (Chapm.) Ames, Orchid. 1: 137 (1905)
= Spiranthes smallii Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 358 (1920)
= Triorchis ovalis (Lindl.) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
= Triorchis ovalis (Lindl.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
variant :
var. erostellata Catling; Brittonia 35 (2): 123 (1983)
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
species :
Spiranthes porrifolia Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 467 (1840)
Name: Western Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: W-USA (S-Washington, Oregon, California, NW-Nevada, N-Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys porrifolia (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Ibidium porrifolium (Lindl.) Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 610 (1905)
= Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. porrifolia (Lindl.) Ames & Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 11: 1 (1943)
= xOrchiastrum porrifolium (Lindl.) Greene, Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay, 306 (1894)
species :
Spiranthes praecox (Walt.) S.Watson; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. S., ed. 6: 503 (1890), et Proc. Am. Acad. 25: 134 (1890)
Name: Giant Ladies´-tresses
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys praecox (Walt.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 2: 663 (1891)
= Ibidium praecox (Walt.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 129 (1906)
= Limodorum praecox Walt., Fl. Carol. 221 (1788)
= Spiranthes tortilis Chapm., Fl. S. U. S. ed. 1. 462 (1860) [non Rich.]
= Triorchis praecox (Walt.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
= Spiranthes praecox f. albolabia P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney, North Amer. Native Orchid J. 1 (1): 13 (1995)
species :
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.; Linnaea 3: 32 (1828)
Name: Irische Drehwurz, Amerikanische Drehwurz, Romanzoffs Drehwurz,
Distribution: Ireland; W-Scotland; SW-England; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon, N. W. T., SW-Nunavut, British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Labrador, Newfoundland, Anticosti Isl., Prince Edward Isl., Nova Scotia, New Brunswick); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
10 GRB IRE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys gemmipara (Sm.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys romanzoffiana (Cham.) MacMill., Metasp. Minn. Valley (1892) 71
= Gyrostachys stricta Rydb., Britton, Man. Fl. N. U. S. 299 (1901)
= Ibidium romanzoffianum (Cham.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 129 (1906)
= Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. gemmipara (Sm.) Kreutz & M.H.Schot, Gorteria 38: 137 (2016)
= Ibidium strictum (Rydb.) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 381 (1905)
= Neottia gemmipara Sm., Engl. Fl. 4: 36 (1828)
= Spiranthes gemmipara (Sm.) Lindl., Syn. Brit. Fl. ed. I, 257 (1829)
= Spiranthes stricta (Rydb.) Nelson, New Man. Bot. Centr. Rocky Mts. 125 (1909)
= Triorchis romanzoffana (Cham.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
= Triorchis stricta (Rydb.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
= xOrchiastrum romanzoffianum (Cham.) Greene, Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay, 306 (1894)
species :
Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames; Orchid. 2: 53 (1908)
Name: Chinesische Drehwurz, Austral Ladies Tresses
Distribution: European Russia (C-European Russia); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Georgia [Caucasus]; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima Isl., Tanegashima Pref.); North Korea; South Korea; Ryukyu Isl. (Okinawa, Iriomote, Ishigakijima, Amami Oshima, Tokunoshima, Miyakojima); China (widespread); Taiwan; Mongolia; S-Tibet; Pakistan (Hunza, Skardu, Karakorum, Swat, Hazara); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Bhutan; India (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Punjab, Karnataka, Kerala); Myanmar (Kachin, Chin); Java; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan); Sri Lanka; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (Pahan); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Moluccas (Buru); Vietnam; Solomon Isl.; Philippines; Bangladesh; Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Chatham Isl.; [Western] Samoa; Vanuatu; Niue; New Caledonia (widespread, Loyalty Isl.); Tonga (Late Isl., Lifuka, etc.); La Réunion
14 RUS 29 REU 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 GEO 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND PAK SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 60 NUE NWC SAM TON VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Aristotelea spiralis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 522 (1790)
= Calanthe australis Ait. ex Loudon, Hort. Brit. Suppl. 2: 615 (1839) [nomen]
= Epidendrum aristotelia Raeusch, Nom. ed. III, 265 (1797)
= Gyrostachys amoena (M.Bieb.) Blume, Orch. Archip. Ind. 129 (1858)
= Gyrostachys australis (R.Br.) Blume, Orch. Archip. Ind. 128 (1858)
= Gyrostachys australis var. amoena (M.Bieb.) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. 129 (1859)
= Gyrostachys australis var. flexuosa (Sm.) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. 130 (1859)
= Gyrostachys congesta (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 664
= Gyrostachys novifuburgensis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys stylites Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys wightiana Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 663 (1891)
= Ibidium spirale (Lour.) Makino, Journ. Jap. Bot. 6: 37 (1929)
= Ibidium viridiflorum (Makino) Makino, Journ. Jap. Bot. 6: 37 (1929)
= Monustes australis (R.Br.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 87 (1836)
= Monustes australis var. chinensis Ker Gawl.
= Neottia amoena M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 606 (1819)
= Neottia australis R.Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1: 319 (1810)
= Neottia australis var. chinensis Lindl., (1821)
= Neottia crispata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 406 (1825)
= Neottia flexuosa Sm., Rees, Cyclop. 24: Neottia n. 9 (1813)
= Neottia parviflora Sm., Rees, Cyclop. 24: n. 10 (1813)
= Neottia pudica Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. II: 485 (1830)
= Neottia sinensis Pers., Syn. 2: 511 (1807)
= Ophrys spiralis Georgi, Reise 1: 232 (1775)
= Sarcoglottis pudica (Lindl.) P.N.Don, Hort. Cantabr. ed. 13, 590 (1845)
= Spiranthes amoena (M.Bieb.) Spreng., Syst. 3: 708 (1826)
= Spiranthes angustilabris J.J.Sm., Fedde, Repert. 12: 394 (1913)
= Spiranthes aristotelea (Raeusch.) Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sci. 15: 230 (1919)
= Spiranthes australis (R.Br.) Lindl., Edw., Bot. Regist. 10: sub t. 823 (1824)
= Spiranthes australis var. pudica (Lindl.) Lindl., (1855)
= Spiranthes australis var. sinensis (Pers.) Gagnep., (1933)
= Spiranthes australis var. suishaensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 86 (1916)
= Spiranthes australis var. viridiflora Makino, Journ. Jap. Bot. 3: 5 (1926)
= Spiranthes congesta Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 823 (1824)
= Spiranthes crispata Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Zoll. 89 (1854)
= Spiranthes densa A.Rich., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, 15: 9 (1841)
= Spiranthes flexuosa (Sm.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 823 (1824)
= Spiranthes indica Lindl. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II, 2: 625 (1841)
= Spiranthes lancea Backer, Blumea 6: 361 (1951) [excl. basionymo]
= Spiranthes lancea var. chinensis (Lindl.) Hatus., J. Geobot. 16: 80 (1968)
= Spiranthes longispicata A.Rich., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, 15: 78 (1841)
= Spiranthes neocaledonica Schltr., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 39: 51 (1906)
= Spiranthes novae-zelandiae Hook.fil., Fl. N. Zel. 1: 243 (1853)
= Spiranthes papuana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 1: 46 (1911)
= Spiranthes parviflora Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 823 (1824)
= Spiranthes pudica Lindl., Coll. Bot. t. 30 (1821), Spreng. Syst. 3: 708
= Spiranthes sinensis f. autumnus Tsukaya, J. Pl. Res. 118(1): 17 (-18) (2005)
= Spiranthes sinensis f. gracilis F.Maek. ex Tsukaya, J. Pl. Res. 118(1): 18 (2005)
= Spiranthes sinensis f. viridiflora (Makino) Ohwi, (1953)
= Spiranthes sinensis ssp. australis (R.Br.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 21: 23 (1964)
= Spiranthes sinensis var. albescens (Honda) Honda, (1935)
= Spiranthes sinensis var. amoena (M.Bieb.) Hara, Journ. Jap. Bot. 44: 59 (1969)
= Spiranthes sinensis var. australis (R.Br.) Hara & Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1­3): 93 (1985)
= Spiranthes sinensis var. depauperata (Honda) Honda, (1935)
= Spiranthes spiralis f. albiflora Matuda, (1936)
= Spiranthes spiralis Makino, Journ. Jap. Bot. 3: 25 (1926) [non C. Koch]
= Spiranthes spiralis var. albescens Honda, (1935)
= Spiranthes spiralis var. depauperata Honda, (1935)
= Spiranthes stylites Lindl., Journ. Linn. Soc. 1: 178 (1857)
= Spiranthes suishaensis (Hayata) Schltr., Fedde, Repert. Beih. 4: 161 (1919)
= Spiranthes viridiflora (Makino) Makino, Journ. Jap. Bot. 4: 10 (1927)
= Spiranthes wightiana Lindl., Wall., Cat. n. 7378 (1832) [nomen]
species :
Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall; Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 330 (1827)
Name: Herbst-Drehwurz (DE); Autumn Lady´s-tresses (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta (incl. Gozo Isl.); Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Scandinavia; European Turkey; European Russia (W-European Russia); W-Ukraine; Tunisia; Algeria; N-Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo, Nisyros, Tilos); N-Iran; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adzharia, Shiga Kartli); Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; N-India (Kumaon, Uttar Pradesh)
10 DEN GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 RUS UKR 20 ALG TUN 33 ARM GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Epipactis spiralis (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 473 (1769)
= Gyrostachis autumnalis Dum., Fl. Belg. 134 (1827)
= Gyrostachys spiralis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Ibidium spirale (L.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 291 (1812)
= Neottia autumnalis (Balb.) Pers., Syn. 2: 510 (1807)
= Neottia autumnalis (Balb.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 2: 551 (1821), comb. superfl.
= Neottia spiralis (L.) Willd., Sp. pl. 4 (1): 73 (1805)
= Ophrys autumnalis Balb., Elench. 96 (1801)
= Ophrys spiralis L., Sp. Pl. 945 (1753)
= Serapias spiralis (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II, 2: 201 (1772)
= Spiranthes autumnalis Rich., Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 59: 1818) 37 (1817)
= Spiranthes glauca Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 88 (1836)
= Spiranthes spiralis (L.) C.Koch, Linnaea 22: 290 (1849)
species :
Spiranthes stellata P.M.Br., Dueck & K.M.Cameron P.M.Br., Dueck & K.M.Cameron; N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 14(1): 4 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. stellata
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. perexilis Sheviak; Native Orchid Conf. J. 9(4): 2 (2012)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Spiranthes perexilis (Sheviak) M.C.Pace, Taxon 68(2): 210 (2019)
species :
Spiranthes sunii Boufford & Wen H.Zhang; Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(2): 261 (2008)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: possible syn. of S. hongkongensis
species :
Spiranthes sylvatica P.M.Br.; N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 7(3): 194 (2001)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Spiranthes tenuis Lindl.; Gen. & Sp. Orch. 466 (1840)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Puerto Rico; Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic); Jamaica; Cuba; Guatemala; NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Argentina (Misiones, Salta); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Nicaragua; Bolivia (Cochabamba); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal)
79 MEX 80 GUA NIC 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE 82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclopogon amabilis (Ames) Acuña, Bol. Estac. Exper. Agron., Santiago (Cuba), No. 60 (Cat. Descr. Orquid. Cub.)35 (1939)
= Cyclopogon lineatus (Lindl.) Pabst, Bradea 1 (47): 466 (1974)
= Cyclopogon stenoglossus Pabst, Bradea 1 (47): 468 (1974)
= Gyrostachys lineata (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys tenuis (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Hapalorchis tenuis (Lindl.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., Beih. 6: 30 (1919), et Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 363
= Sauroglossum monophyllum (Lindl.) Griseb., (1879) [non Griseb. 1866]
= Sauroglossum tenue Lindl., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 3, 1: 334 (1858)
= Spiranthes amabilis Ames, Sched. Orch. No. 2, 7 (1923)
= Spiranthes cheirostyloides (Schltr.) C.Schweinf., Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 9: 231 (1941)
= Spiranthes chloroleuca var. fontinalis Barb.Rodr., Gen. Sp. Orchid. 1: 182 (1877)
= Spiranthes fawcettii Cogn., Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 7: 123 (1909)
= Spiranthes lineata Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. 471 (1840)
= Hapalorchis lineatus (Lindl.) Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 363 (1920)
species :
Spiranthes torta (Thunb.) Garay & Sweet; R. A. Howard, Fl. Orchidaceae: 77 (1974)
Name: Southern ladies’ tresses (Bahamas), Ibis (Puerto Rico)
Distribution: USA (S-Florida); Bermuda; Jamaica; Cuba; Hispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic); Nicaragua; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Thomas); Bahamas; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Dominica; St. Lucia; Grenada; French Guiana?; Belize; Guatemala; Mexico (Quintana Roo, Veracruz); Honduras; Costa Rica
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 ABA BAH BER CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE STL VIR
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys apiculata (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Ibidium quinquelobatum (Poir.) Acuña, Bol. Estac. Exper. Agron., Santiago (Cuba), No. 60 (Cat. Descr. Orquid. Cub.) 33 (1939)
= Ibidium tortile (Sw.) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 129 (1906)
= Neottia quadridentata Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 73 (1806)
= Neottia tortilis Sw., Schrad., Neues Journ. 1: 51 (1805)
= Ophrys peruviana Aubl., Pl. Guian. 2: 816 (1775)
= Ophrys quinquelobata Poir., Lam., Encycl. 4: 568 (1798) [nom. illeg.]
= Ophrys torta Thunb., Mus. Nat. Acad. Ups. 9: 136 (1791)
= Satyrium spirale Sw., Prod. Veg. Ind. Occ. 118 (1788) [non (L.) Koch]
= Spiranthes amesiana Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 348 (1920)
= Spiranthes apiculata Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. 474 (1840)
= Spiranthes laxiflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 88 (1836)
= Spiranthes quadridentata Lindl., Bot. Reg. sub t. 823 (1824)
= Spiranthes quinquelobata (Poir.) Urb., Fedde, Repert. 15: 305 (1918)
= Spiranthes swartzii E.H.L.Krause, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 32: II. 342 (1914)
= Spiranthes tortilis (Sw.) Rich., Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 59: 1818) 37 (1817), et Mem. Mus. Par. 4: 59 (1818)
= Triorchis spiralis (Sw.) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
species :
Spiranthes tuberosa Raf.; Herb. Raf. 45 (1833)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys grayi (Ames) Britton, Man. Fl. N. US. Ed. 3, 300 (1907)
= Gyrostachys simplex (A.Gray) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Spiranthes grayi Ames, Rhodora 6: 44 (1904)
= Spiranthes neuroptera Rchb.fil. & Warm., Otia Bot., Hamb. 85 (1878)
= Spiranthes simplex A.Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. St. ed. V. 506 (1867) [non Griseb.]
= Spiranthes tuberosa var. grayi (Ames) Fernald, Rhodora 48: 189 (1946)
= Triorchis grayi (Ames) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
species :
Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & Gray; Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 5: 236 (1845)
Name: Spring ladies’ tresses
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Guatemala; Mexico (Hidalgo, Chiapas, Michoacan, etc.); Bahamas
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Gyrostachys ensifolia (Rchb.fil.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys linearis Rydb., Britton, Man. 300 (1901)
= Gyrostachys praecox (Britton, Stern & Poggenb.) Kuntze, (1891)
= Gyrostachys reverchonii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 610 (1898)
= Gyrostachys vernalis (Engelm. & Gray) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
= Gyrostachys xyridifolia Sm., Fl. S. E. U. S. 318 (1903)
= Ibidium vernale (Engelm. & Gray) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 381 (1905)
= Ibidium xyridifolium Small, Fl. S. E. U. S., ed. 2, 319 (1913)
= Ophrys aestivalis Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 157 (1803) [non Poir.]
= Spiranthes ensifolia Rchb.fil., Bonplandia 4: 211 (1856)
= Spiranthes graminea var. praecox Britton, Stern & Poggenb., Prel. Cat. N. Y. 52 (1888)
= Spiranthes graminea var. walteri A.Gray, Man. ed. 5: 505 (1867)
= Spiranthes reverchonii (Small) Cory, Rhodora 38: 405 (1936)
= Triorchis linearis (Rydb.) Nieuwl., Am. Midl. Nat. 3: 123 (1913)
= Triorchis vernalis (Engelm. & Gray) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
= Triorchis xyridifolia (Small) House, Am. Midl. Nat. 6: 206 (1920)
species :
Spiranthes ×borealis P.M.Br.; North Amer. Native Orchid J. 1 (4): 290 (1995)
Distribution: USA (New Hampshire)
75 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes casei var. casei x ochroleuca
species :
Spiranthes ×eamesii P.M.Br.; N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 12: 61 (-62) (2006)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut)
75 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis x tuberosa
species :
Spiranthes ×folsomii P.M.Br.; North Amer. Native Orchid J. 6(1): 64 (2000)
Distribution: E-USA
75 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes longilabris x odorata
species :
Spiranthes ×heteroaustralis J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. 122(1305): 17 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes praecox x vernalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Spiranthes ×australis P.M.Br., North Amer. Native Orchid J. 5 (4): 358 (1999), non Lindl. 1824
species :
Spiranthes ×intermedia Ames; Rhodora 5: 262 (1903)
Distribution: E-Canada (Ontario, S-Québec, Nova Scotia); NE-USA (N-Michigan, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island)
72 CDN 75 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis x vernalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Spiranthes neglecta Ames, Rhodora 6: 30 (1904)
= Ibidium intermedium (Ames) House, Muhlenbergia 1: 129 (1906)
species :
Spiranthes ×itchetuckneensis P.M.Br.; North Amer. Native Orchid J. 5 (4): 362 (1999)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes odorata x ovalis var. ovalis
species :
Spiranthes ×kapnosperia M.C.Pace; Syst. Bot. 42(4): 659 (2017)
Distribution: USA (W-North Carolina)
78 USA
Remarks: cernua agg.; Spiranthes cernua x ochroleuca
species :
Spiranthes ×meridionalis P.M.Br.; North Amer. Native Orchid J. 6(2): 139 (2000)
Distribution: SE-USA
78 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes praecox x vernalis
species :
Spiranthes ×sierrae M.C.Pace; Taxon 68(2): 210 (2019)
Distribution: USA
76 USA
species :
Spiranthes ×simpsonii Catling & Sheviak; Lindleyana 8 (2): 78 (1993)
Distribution: E-Canada (Ontario, New Brunswick); USA (Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA
Remarks: Spiranthes lacera var. lacera x romanzoffiana
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)