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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

096.0000 Family Araceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 23 (1789), nom. cons.
123 genera, ca. 4100 spp.
Species listed in database: 4489; hybrids: 19
= Arisaraceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Caladiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 5 (1866)
= Callaceae Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 25, 66 (1830)
= Colocasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 541 (1895)
= Cryptocorynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 32 (1858)
= Dracontiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 7 (1866)
= Lasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Lemnaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 729 (1822), nom. cons.
= Monsteraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Orontiaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 24, 68 (1830)
= Pistiaceae Rich. ex C.Agardh; Aphor. Bot.: 130 (1822)
= Philodendraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Pothaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Wolffiaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 22 (1902)
096.3001 Genus Spirodela Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 391 (1839)
Distribution: Temperate and tropical regions
Species listed in database: 1
species :
Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 392 (1839)
Name: Vielwurzelige Teichlinse (DE), Common duckmeat (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; W- & C-Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (W-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia, N-European Russia); Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Senegal; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo etc.); Rwanda; Chad; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore [I]; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Flores); Moluccas; Christmas Isl. [Austr.]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Maui); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola (Dominican Republic, Haiti); Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix); Guadeloupe; Martinique; Trinidad; Colombia (Córdoba, Huila, Magdalena); Ecuador; Peru
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 EGY MOR 22 BEN GHA IVO NGA SEN TOG 23 CAF CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF 29 MDG 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN ISR SIN SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI sng SUL SUM XMS 50 AUS 63 HAW 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE TRT VIR 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Lemna bannatica Waldst. & Kit. ex Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 392 (1839)
= Lemna major Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 216 (1851)
= Lemna maxima Blatt. & Hallb.; J. Ind. Bot. 2: 49 (1921)
= Lemna orbicularis Kit. ex Schult.; Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 64 (1814)
= Lemna orbiculata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 66, Fl. Ind. 3: 565 (1832)
= Lemna polyrhiza L.; Sp. PI.: 970 (1753)
= Lemna polyrhiza var. concolor Kurz; J. Bot. 5: 115 (1867)
= Lemna thermalis P.Beauv. ex Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 19 (1818)
= Lemna transsilvanica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 635 (1866)
= Lemna umbonata A.Braun ex Hegelm.; Lemnac. 156 (1868)
= Lenticula polyrhiza (L.) Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 189 (1779)
= Spirodela atropurpurea Montandon; Guide Bot. 309 (1868)
= Spirodela maxima (Blatt. & Hallb.) McCann; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 43: 158 (1942)
= Spirodela polyrhiza var. masonii Daubs; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 34: 13 (1965)
= Telmatophace orbicularis (Kit. ex Schult.) Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 70 (1853)
= Telmatophace polyrhiza (L.) Godr.; Fl. Lorr. ed. I. 3: 18, ed. II. 2: 327 (1844)
= Telmatophace transsilvanica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 635 (1866)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life