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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

516.0000 Family Lamiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 355 (1820), nom. cons., nom. alt.
243 genera, ca. 7800 spp.
Species listed in database: 7739; hybrids: 380
= Aegiphilaceae Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 161 (1838)
= Ajugaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 375 (1843)
= Chloanthaceae Hutch.; Fam. Fl. Pl., ed. 2: 396 (1959)
= Glechomaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 288 (1820)
= Labiatae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 110 (1789), nom. cons.
= Melissaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Melittidaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Menthaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 969, 1095, 1106 (1835)
= Monardaceae Döll; Fl. Baden 2: 661 (1858)
= Nepetaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Salazariaceae F.A.Barkley; Phytologia 32: 304 (1975)
= Salviaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Saturejaceae Döll; Fl. Baden 2: 664. med (1858)
= Scutellariaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 373 (1843)
= Siphonanthaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 87 (1838)
= Stachydaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 366 (1843)
= Symphoremataceae Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4(3): 13 (1849)
= Viticaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 106 (1789)
516.6101 Genus Teucrium L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 562 (1753)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan, chiefly Northern Hemisphere, with a diversity center in the Mediterranean (ca. 140, especially in Spain and NW-Africa), a few species in S-America, mountainous trop. Northeast and South Africa, Australia, New Zealand. Inclusion of Spartothamnella, Oncinocalyx and Teucridium fide Salmaki et al. 2016
Species listed in database: 306; hybrids: 43
= Botrys Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 138 (1869)
= Chamaedrys Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Iva Fabr.; Enum.: 45 (1759), nom. illeg.
= Kinostemon Kudô; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 19: 1 (1929)
= Melosmon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Monipsis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Monochilon Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 405 (1867)
= Oncinocalyx F.Muell.; S. Sci. Rec. 3: 69 (1883)
= Poliodendron Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Polium Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Scorbion Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Scordium Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Scorodonia Hill; Brit. Herb.: 372 (1756)
= Spartothamnella Briq.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3a): 161 (1894)
= Spartothamnus A.Cunn. ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 6: 694 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Teucridium Hook.f.; Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 203 (1853)
= Trixago Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
species :
Teucrium abolhayatensis Ranjbar & Mahmoudi; Novon 25(3): 304 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Teucrium abutiloides L´Hér.; Stirp. Nov. 84 (1788)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium globuliferum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 77 (1796)
= Teucrium macrophyllum Lam.; Encycl. 2: 692 (1788)
species :
Teucrium africanum Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 95 (1800)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga africana (Thunb.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 109 (1806)
species :
Teucrium afrum (Emb. & Maire) Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927. No. 510 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. afrum
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium afrum f. brevibracteatum Font Quer; nom. nud.] [Iter Marocc. 1930 no. 549, in sched. (1932)
= Teucrium afrum f. isaguensis Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 511, in sched. (1928)
= Teucrium afrum Pau & Font Quer; Cavanillesia 1: 47 (1928), nomen, et in Cavanillesia 3: 86 (1930), inadnot.
= Teucrium salviastrum subsp. afrum Emb. & Maire; Pl. Rif. Nov. 1: 10 (1927)
= Teucrium salviastrum var. afrum Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 45 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. rhiphaeum (Font Quer & Pau) Castrov. & Bayon; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 47: 513 (1989 publ. 1990)
Distribution: Morocco (Rif)
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium afrum subsp. rhiphaeum (Pau & Font Quer) Castrov. & Bayon; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 47(2): 513 (1989 publ. 1990)
= Teucrium oxylepis subsp. riphaeum (Pau & Font Quer) Rivas Mart. & al.; Rivasgodaya 6: 66 (1991)
= Teucrium oxylepis subsp. riphaeum (Pau & Font Quer) Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.; Naturalia Hispanica 1: 42 (1974)
= Teucrium oxylepis var. rifeum Font Quer & Pau; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 94 (1933)
= Teucrium oxylepis var. riphaeum Pau & Font Quer; Iter Marocc. 1927: 512 (1927 publ. 1928)
subspecies :
subsp. rubriflorum (Font Quer & Pau) Castrov. & Bayon; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 47: 513 (1989 publ. 1990)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium afrum var. rubriflorum Font Quer & Pau; Iter Marocc. 1930: 550 (1932)
= Teucrium salviastrum subsp. rubriflorum (Font Quer & Pau) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 227 (1933)
species :
Teucrium aladagense Vural & H.Duman; Turkish J. Bot. 39(2): 319 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium albicaule Toelken; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(3): 296 (1985)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium albidum Munby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2: 286 (1855)
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium subsp. albidum (Munby) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 79 (1985)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. albidum (Munby) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 616 (1934)
species :
Teucrium alborubrum Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 311 (1890)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kinostemon alboruber (Hemsl.) C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 247 (1965)
species :
Teucrium algarbiense (Cout.) Cout.; Esboco Fl. Portug. 262 (1936)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. algarbiense (Cout.) Cout.; (1913)
= Teucrium polium var. algarbiense Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 170 (1907)
species :
Teucrium alopecurus de Noé; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2: 585 (1855)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Teucrium alpestre Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 395 (1809)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium gossypinum Rech.f.; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 105(2): 115 (1943)
= Teucrium sphacioticum Gand.; Fl. Cret.: 84, 1485 (1916)
species :
Teucrium alyssifolium Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 104 (1885)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium serpentini Contandr. & Quézel; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 123: 424, t. 3 (1976)
species :
Teucrium andrusi Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 758 (1897)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium angustissimum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 49 (1774)
Distribution: E- & NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aragonense var. angustissimum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 2: 13 (1888)
= Teucrium aragonense var. leptophyllum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 2: 13 (1888)
species :
Teucrium anlungense C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 338 (1965)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium annandalei Mukerjee; Rec. Bot. Surv. India 14: 219 (1940)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Teucrium antiatlanticum (Maire) Sauvage & Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35: 286 (1956)
Distribution: S-Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. antiatlanticum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 209 (1932)
species :
Teucrium antilibanoticum Mouterde; Saussurea 4: 25 (1973)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Teucrium antitauricum Ekim; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 58 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium apollinis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 86 (1939)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Teucrium aragonense Loscos & J.Pardo; Ser. Inconf 85 (1863)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aragonense subsp. integrifolium (Willk.) Rivas Mart.; Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 708 (2002)
= Teucrium aragonense var. integrifolium Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 2: 85 (1889)
= Teucrium laurentii Sennen; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 45 (1913)
= Teucrium polium subsp. aragonense (Loscos & J.Pardo) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium polium var. aragonense (Loscos & J.Pardo) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium var. integrifolium (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium visitationis Sennen; Pl. Espagne 1928: no. 6636 (1928)
species :
Teucrium arduinii L.; Mantissa 81 (1767)
Name: Adria-Gamander
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; N-Albania
13 ALB BIH CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia arduinii (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 315 (1831)
= Teucrium densiflorum Vis.; Sem. Rar. Horl. Patav. (1847) 4
species :
Teucrium argutum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 504 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium argutum var. incisum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 135 (1870)
species :
Teucrium aristatum Pérez Lara; Annal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. xviii 90 (1889)
Distribution: C- & SW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aristatum subsp. cravense (Maire, Molin. & Tallon) J.-M.Tison; Biocosme Mésogéen 27(4): 121 (2010)
= Teucrium carvense Maire, Molin. & Tallon; Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 224(1): 1132 (1947)
species :
Teucrium aroanium Orph. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4): 55 (1859)
Name: Chelmos-Gamander
Distribution: S-Greece (Chelmos, Akhaia)
13 GRC
species :
Teucrium asiaticum L.; Mantissa 80 (1767)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia lancifolia Moench; Methodus: 384 (1794)
= Teucrium lancifolium (Moench) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 56 (1859)
species :
Teucrium atratum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 304 (1874)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
species :
Teucrium aureiforme Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 113 (1874)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. aureiforme (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & L. C. Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 714 (1890)
species :
Teucrium aureocandidum Andr.; Index Hort. Bot. Univ. Budapest 1941: 18 (1941)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cylindraceum Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(2): 423 (1986), nom. nov.
= Teucrium cylindricum (Batt.) Sauvage & Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35: 288 (1956), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium cylindricum subvar. wilczekii Sauvage &Vindt; Le Botaniste, Sör. L: 4-6: 421 (1967)
= Teucrium cylindricum var. decalvans (Maire) Sauvage &Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35(4): 288 (1956)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. xanthostachyum (Maire & Wilczek) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985)
= Teucrium polium f. decalvans Maire; Wrn. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 30: 38 (1939)
= Teucrium polium subsp. cylindricum (Batt.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc: 619 (1934)
= Teucrium polium subsp. xanthostachyum Maire & Wilczek; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 316 (1934)
= Teucrium polium var. albescens Sauvage; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35(4): 288 (1956)
= Teucrium polium var. cylindricum Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 75 (1919)
= Teucrium polium var. decalvans (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 38 (1940)
species :
Teucrium aureum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 43 (1774)
subspecies :
subsp. aureum
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; S-France (Languedoc)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polium aureum (Schreb.) Moench; Methodus: 385 (1794)
= Polium massiliense Jord. & Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon. N. S. 17: 139 (1869)
= Polium saxicola Jord. & Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 139 (1869)
= Teucrium aureum subvar. canescens Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 63 (1883)
= Teucrium capitatum var. flavescens (Schreb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Teucrium commune subsp. aureum (Schreb.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 243 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium flavescens Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xliv (1773)
= Teucrium flavicans Lam.; Encycl. 2: 700 (1788)
= Teucrium lagascae Sennen; Junta Ci. Nat. 5: 632 (1917)
= Teucrium polium subsp. aureum (Schreb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 559 (1882)
= Teucrium queraltae Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 214 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. turdetanum Devesa & Valdés Berm.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 41: 88 (1984)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium angustifolium (Willk.) Peris, Figuerola & Stübing; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(2): 561 (1988 publ. 1989)
= Teucrium aureum subsp. angustifolium (Willk.) Puech ex Valdés Berm. & Crespo; Acta Bot. Malac. 4: 43 (1978)
= Teucrium aureum var. angustifolium Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 478 (1868)
= Teucrium lerrouxii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 266 (1936)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. montanum (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. turdetanum (Devesa & Valdés Berm.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 80 (1985)
= Teucrium polium subsp. montanum (Boiss.) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 25: 174 (1969)
= Teucrium polium var. montanum Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 517 (1841)
= Teucrium turdetanum (Devesa & Valdés Berm.) Peris, Figuerola & Stübing; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(2): 561 (1988 publ. 1989)
species :
Teucrium balearicum (Coss. ex Pau) Castrov. & Bayon; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 47(2): 508 (1989 publ. 1990)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca, Cabrera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium marum subsp. occidentale Mus, Rosselló & Mayol; Candollea 46: 51 (1991)
= Teucrium subspinosum var. balearicum Coss. ex Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 14: 136 (1914)
species :
Teucrium balfourii Vierh.; Denkschr. Akad. Wien, Math. Nat. 71: 436 (1907)
Distribution: Samha Isl.; Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium prostratum Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 92 (1883), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium balthazaris Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 95 (1936)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria, Murcia)
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium baokangensis C.L.Xiang; Taxon 67(2): 390 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kinostemon veronicifolius H.W.Li; Bull. Bot. Res. 3(3): 70 (1983)
species :
Teucrium barbarum Jahand. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 19: 85 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium barbeyanum Asch. & Taub. ex E.J.Durand & Barratte; Fl. Libya. Prodr. 191 (1910)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium barbeyanum var. purpureum Pamp.; Prodr. Fl. Ciren.: 386 (1931)
species :
Teucrium betchei (F.Muell.) Kattari & Salmaki; Taxon 65(4): 818 (2016)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Oncinocalyx betchei F.Muell.; Wing´s South Sci. Record 3: (1883)
species :
Teucrium betonicum L´Hér.; Stirp. Nov. 83. t. 40 (1788)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys betonicifolia (Jacq.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Scorodonia betonicifolia (Jacq.) Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 133 (1802)
= Teucrium betonicifolium Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 145 (1787)
= Teucrium canescens G.Forst.; Commentat. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 9: 58 (1789)
= Teucrium maderense Lam.; Encycl. 2: 692 (1788)
species :
Teucrium bicolor Sm.; Rees, Cycl. 35: n. 25 (1817)
Name: Oreganillo [Chile]
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon bicolor (Sm.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Monipsis orchidea (Lindl.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium cavanillesii Bertero ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 674 (1841), nom. inval.
= Teucrium chilense Desf. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 674 (1841), nom. inval.
= Teucrium heterophyllum Cav.; Icon. 6: 56 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium orchideum Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1255 (1829)
species :
Teucrium bicoloreum Pau ex Vicioso; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 16: 142 (1916)
Distribution: E- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aureum proles barrelieri Font Quer; Trab. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. Bot., ser. 5, 3: 220 (1920)
= Teucrium bicoloreum f. expassoides P.P.Ferrer; Roselló, M. B. Crespo & Guara, Fl. Montiberica 43: 44 (2009)
= Teucrium bicoloreum f. ronnigerioides P.P.Ferrer; Roselló, M. B. Crespo & Guara, Fl. Montiberica 43: 44 (2009)
= Teucrium polium subvar. barrelieri (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelonac) 14: 92 (1983)
species :
Teucrium bidentatum Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 312 (1890)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Myanmar
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Kinostemon bidentatum (Hemsl.) Kudô; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 19: 2 (1929), et in Mem. Fac. Sci. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 299 (1929)
= Plectranthus hanceiformis H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yunnan, 141 (1916)
= Teucrium bidentatum var. purpureum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 552 (1900)
species :
Teucrium bogoutdinovae Melnikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 81 (2014)
Distribution: Moldova
14 MLD
species :
Teucrium botrys L.; Sp. Pl. 562 (1753)
Name: Trauben-Gamander (DE), Cutleaf germander (EN)
Distribution: S-England; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; S-Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Italy; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; ?Bulgaria; +Estonia [I]; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], West Virginia [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 est UKR 20 ALG MOR 72 cdn 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Botrys chamaedryoides Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 138 (1869)
= Chamaedrys botrys (L.) Moench; Methodus: 383 (1794)
= Chamaedrys laciniata Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 369 (1821)
= Monochilon bipinnatifidus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 405 (1867)
= Scorodonia botrys (L.) Ser.; Bull. Bot. (Geneva) 1: 317 (1830)
= Teucrium alpinum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1094 (1759)
= Teucrium botrydium St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 136 (1880)
= Teucrium botrys f. albiflorum Socorro & Aroza; Stud. Bot. 6: 127 (1987), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium botrys var. albiflorum Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 243 (1825)
= Teucrium chamaedryoides (Fourr.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 464 (1897)
= Teucrium collinum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 75 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Trixago botrys (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
species :
Teucrium brachyandrum Puech; Nat. Monspel., Bot. 21: 209 (1970 publ. 1971)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: polium agg.
species :
Teucrium bracteatum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 7. I. 120 (1798)
Distribution: S-Spain (Cadiz, Malaga); Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium riatarum Humbert & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, Bot. 17: 45 (1927)
= Teucrium bracteatum var. acuticalyx Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 208 (1932)
= Teucrium bracteatum var. riatarum (Humbert & Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 198 (1929)
= Teucrium bracteatum var. virescens Pau; nom. nud.] [Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1928 no. 330, in sched. (1929)
species :
Teucrium brevifolium Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 27 (1773)
Name: Kurzblättriger Gamander (DE); Shortleaf Germander (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 20 EGY LBY MOR 34 EAI TUR
species :
Teucrium bullatum Coss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 20: 260 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium burmanicum Mukerjee; Notes Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 19: 306 (1938)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin)
41 MYA
species :
Teucrium buxifolium Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 42 (1773)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polium chamaedryoides Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 475 (1868)
= Teucrium amplexicaule Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec. 687 (1835)
= Teucrium buxifolium f. tomentosum (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 91 (1983)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. rigualii M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Flora Montiber. 45: 97 (2010), nom. nov.
= Teucrium buxifolium var. tomentosum Rigual ex M.B.Crespo; Mem. Soc. Brot. 29: 122 (1993)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. tomentosum Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 476 (1868)
= Teucrium saxatile Cav.; Icon. 2: 19 (1793), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium campanulatum L.; Sp. Pl. 562 (1753)
Name: Glocken-Gamander
Distribution: E- & SW-Spain; Baleares; SE-Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 BAL SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon campanulatum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium diversiflorum Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 132 (1802)
species :
Teucrium canadense L.; Sp. Pl. 564 (1753)
Name: American Germander (EN), Kanadischer Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Cuba
11 ger 60 nwc 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia macrophylla Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 133 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium bracteosum Raf.; New Fl. 4: 97 (1838)
= Teucrium canadense f. albiflorum House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 591 (1924)
= Teucrium canadense var. angustatum A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 349 (1878)
= Teucrium canadense var. littorale Fernald; Rhodora 10: 84 (1908)
= Teucrium canadense var. virginicum (L.) Eaton; Man. Bot., ed. 5: 415 (1829)
= Teucrium cinereum Raf.; New Fl. 4: 98 (1838)
= Teucrium lanceolatum Raf. & Collins; C. S. Raf., New Fl. 4: 97 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium littorale E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 169 (1901)
= Teucrium menthifolium E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 28: 171 (1901)
= Teucrium mexicanum Sessé & Moc.; Naturaleza (Mexico City), ser. 2, 1(App.): 92 (1889)
= Teucrium occidentalis var. menthifolium (E.P.Bicknell) Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 97 (1923)
= Teucrium petiolare Raf.; New Fl. 4: 97 (1838)
= Teucrium riparium Raf.; New Fl. 4: 97 (1838)
= Teucrium roseum E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 28: 169 (1901)
= Teucrium speciosum Hill; Hort. Kew.: 253 (1768)
= Teucrium undulatum Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 42 (1817)
= Teucrium virginicum L.; Sp. Pl. 564 (1753)
variant :
var. hypoleucum Griseb.; Cat. Pl. Cub.: 214 (1866)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium nashii Kearney; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 21: 484 (1894)
= Teucrium canadense var. nashii (Kearney) Shinners; Sida 1: 183 (1963)
variant :
var. occidentale (A.Gray) E.M.McClint. & Epling; Brittonia 5: 500 (1946)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Veracruz, etc.)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium boreale E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 171 (1901)
= Teucrium canadense subsp. occidentale (A.Gray) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 53(3): 190 (1983)
= Teucrium canadense subsp. viscidum (Piper) R.L.Taylor & MacBryde; Canad. J. Bot. 56(2): 187 (1978)
= Teucrium canadense var. boreale (E.P.Bicknell) Shinners; Sida 1: 183 (1963)
= Teucrium occidentale A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 349 (1878)
= Teucrium occidentale subsp. viscidum Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 487 (1906)
= Teucrium occidentale var. boreale Fernald; Rhodora 10: 85 (1908)
= Teucrium occidentale var. menthifolium Farw.; Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 97 (1923)
species :
Teucrium candicans (Cuatrec.) R.Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 51 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium flavescens var. candicans Cuatrec.; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Sèr. Bot. 12: 397 (1929)
species :
Teucrium canum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1: 40 (1835)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE NCS
species :
Teucrium capitatum L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. capitatum
Name: Kopfiger Gamander (DE); Cat-thyme Germander (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand); Lebanon; Syria; Palestine; Sinai peninsula; Saudi Arabia; Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI ROM SIC SLV SMA TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 32 KAZ TKM 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW QAT SAU UAE
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys capitata (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Polium album Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 462 b (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Polium capitatum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 5 (1768)
= Teucrium achaemenis Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 44 (1774)
= Teucrium album Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 770 (1812)
= Teucrium belion Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 47 (1774), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. gussonii Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Teucrium capitatum subvar. rubriflorum Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 63 (1883)
= Teucrium capitatum var. lazari Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 133 (1951)
= Teucrium capitatum var. microcephalum Sennen; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 30: 39 (1931)
= Teucrium capitatum var. mirandanum Font Quer & Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 146 (1936)
= Teucrium capitatum var. polioides Rouy; Naturaliste 4: 20 (1882)
= Teucrium capitatum var. riojanus Sennen & Elías; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 13: 40 (1931)
= Teucrium commune subsp. capitatum (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 244 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium commune var. intermedium Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 245 (1909)
= Teucrium commune var. polioides Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 245 (1909)
= Teucrium cymosum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 112 (1806)
= Teucrium dumulosum (Rech.f.) Brullo & Guarino; Fl. Medit. 10: 275 (2000)
= Teucrium majorana Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 112 (1806)
= Teucrium polium f. dumulosum Rech.f.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 54(2): 657 (1936)
= Teucrium polium subsp. album (Poir.) Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 121: 58 (1974)
= Teucrium polium subsp. capitatum (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 559 (1882)
= Teucrium polium var. achaemenis (Schreb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium polium var. gnaphalodes Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec. 686 (1835)
= Teucrium polium var. humbertii Maire & Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 161 (1936)
= Teucrium polium var. max-onnoi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 239 (1951)
= Teucrium polium var. polycephalum (Pomel) Briq. ex Emb. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1106 (1941)
= Teucrium polium var. scoparium Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 444 (1938)
= Teucrium polium var. tonsum Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 51 (1885)
= Teucrium polycephalum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 114 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. gypsicola Mateo & Arán; Flora Montiberica 9: 34 (1998), et 45: 97 (2010)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium carolipaui Vicioso ex Pau; Bol. Soc. Iber. 20: 185 (1921 publ. 1922)
subspecies :
subsp. carolipaui
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: pumilum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pumilum subsp. carolipaui (C.Vicioso ex Pau) D.Wood; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 261 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. fontqueri (Sennen) Rivas-Martinez; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cav. 31(1): 88 (1974)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium fontqueri Sennen; Butll. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. 32: 102 (1932)
species :
Teucrium carthaginense Lange; Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1881: 97 (1882)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium calycinum Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 2: 67 (1903)
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. carthaginense (Lange) O.Bolòs ex Rivas Goday & Borja; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 19: 468 (1961)
= Teucrium polium subsp. carthaginense (Lange) Malag.; Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 24 (1973)
= Teucrium polium subsp. carthaginense (Lange) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 92 (1983), isonym
species :
Teucrium caucasigenum Melnikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 72 (2014)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Teucrium cavanillesianum Font Quer & Jeronimo; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6(2): 488 (1946), pro hybr.
Distribution: +Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Teucrium cavernarum P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 1951: 113 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium chamaedrys L.; Sp. Pl. 565 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. chamaedrys
Name: Edel-Gamander
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; +Estonia [I]; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; ?Morocco; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
10 grb 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS UKR 20 TUN 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys officinalis (Lam.) Moench; Methodus: 383 (1794)
= Monochilon rubellus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 406 (1867)
= Teucrium albarracinii Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 1: 19 (1887)
= Teucrium canum var. latifolium Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 589 (1848)
= Teucrium chamaedrys proles albarracinii (Pau) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 239 (1909)
= Teucrium chamaedrys f. albiflorum Sigunov; Glasn. Prir. Mus. Beogradu, Ser. B, Biol. Nauke 34: 87 (1979), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium chamaedrys f. bavaricum F.Herm.; 49 (1922)
= Teucrium chamaedrys f. germanicum F.Herm.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 63: 48 (1922)
= Teucrium chamaedrys f. tiroliense F.Herm.; 49 (1922)
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. albarracinii (Pau) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 385 (1941)
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. germanicum (F.Herm.) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 379 (1941)
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. illyricum (Borbás & Bornm.) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 2: 585 (1937)
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. pinnatifidum (Sennen) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 383 (1941)
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. albiflorum Bellynck; Fl. Namur.: 208 (1855)
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. lucidum Sternb. ex Celak.; 367 (1871)
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. semiglaucum Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 85 (1936)
= Teucrium multiflorum L.; Sp. Pl.: 564 (1753)
= Teucrium officinale Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 414 (1779)
= Teucrium pinnatifidum Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1927: 6168 (1928)
= Teucrium pseudochamaedrys Wender.; Index Seminum (MB, Marburgensis) 1825: 7 (1825)
= Teucrium stevenianum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ukr. 9: 637 (1960)
= Teucrium veronicifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 76 (1796), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. gracile (Batt.) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 389 (1941)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. algeriense Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 364 (1941)
= Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. maroccanum Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 387 (1941)
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. gracile Batt.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 12: 10 (1921)
= Teucrium takoumitense Förther & Podlech; Sendtnera 8: 55 (2002)
subspecies :
subsp. lydium O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 132 (1934)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey
13 GRC TUE 34 EAI TUR
subspecies :
subsp. nuchense (K.Koch) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 370 (1941)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium nuchense K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 704 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. olympicum Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 387 (1941)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. pectinatum Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 366 (1941)
Distribution: France; Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
subspecies :
subsp. sinuatum (Celak) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 378 (1941)
Distribution: Turkey; Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium sinuatum Celak.; Bot. Centralb. 14: 218 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. syspirense (K.Koch) Rech.f.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 51: 427 (1941)
Distribution: Crimea; Turkmenistan; Armenia; E-Turkey; Iran
14 KRY 32 TKM 33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium syspirense K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 704 (1848)
= Teucrium pulchrius Juz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 14: 22 (1951)
= Teucrium excelsum Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 20: 505 (1954)
variant :
var. multinodum Bordz.; Mat. Fl. Kauk. 4(3): 57 (1916)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium multinodum (Bordz.) Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 20: 53 (1954)
= Teucrium multinodum var. aragvense Melnikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 76 (2014)
subspecies :
subsp. tauricola Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 376 (1941)
Distribution: Turkey; Lebanon; Syria
34 LEB SYR TUR
subspecies :
subsp. trapezunticum Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 369 (1941)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium trapezunticum (Rech.f.) Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 20: 54 (1954)
species :
Teucrium chardonianum Maire & Wilczek; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 26: 130 (1935)
Distribution: S-Morocco; Western Sahara; Mauritania
20 MOR WSA 22 MTN
species :
Teucrium charidemi Sandwith; Cavanillesia 3: 38 (1930)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: haenseleri agg.
species :
Teucrium chasmophyticum Rech.f.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 134: 287 (1980)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Teucrium chlorocephalum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 186 (1883)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: haenseleri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium haenseleri var. angustifolium Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 518 (1841)
= Teucrium hispidulum Laza; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6(2): 335 (1946)
= Teucrium reverchonii Willk.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 53 (1891), et Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 160 (1893)
species :
Teucrium chlorostachyum Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 370 (1929 publ. 1930)
subspecies :
subsp. chlorostachyum
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium chlorostachys Pau & Font Quer; Cavanillesia 3: 77(1930), nomen
= Teucrium garciae Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 298 (1951)
subspecies :
subsp. melillense (Maire) El Oualidi, Mathez & T.Navarro; Flora Medit. 7: 23 (1997)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium melillense Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 188, nomen, Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 1932 23: 209, descr. (1931)
= Teucrium melillense var. embergeri Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 209 (1932)
species :
Teucrium chowii Y.H.Tong & N.H.Xia; Phytotaxa 349(1): 99 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium integrifolium C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 345 (1965), nom. illeg., non Benth. (1965)
species :
Teucrium chrysotrichum Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk. Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1881: 96 (1882)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga)
12 SPA
Remarks: haenseleri agg.
species :
Teucrium cincinnatum Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 13: 272 (1933 publ. 1934)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cincinnatum var. ghikae (Emb.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 79 (1936)
= Teucrium polium f. jahandiezii Sauvage & Vindt; Le Botaniste 419 (1967)
= Teucrium polium subsp. ghikae Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 184 (1935)
species :
Teucrium clementiae Ryding; Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(2): 210 (1998)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia
24 ETH SOM
species :
Teucrium coahuilanum B.L.Turner; Lundellia 8: 7) (2005)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
species :
Teucrium compactum Clemente ex Lag.; Gen. Sp. Nov. 17 (1816)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 SPA 20 ALG LBY TUN
species :
Teucrium coniortodes Boiss. & Blume; Boiss., Fl. 4: 818 (1879)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
species :
Teucrium cordobense (Epling) B.L.Turner; Lundellia 8: 9 (2005)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Mendoza, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium grisebachii Hieron. ex Seckt; Fl. Cordob. (Rev. Univ. Nac. Cordoba, xvi-xvii.) 430 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Teucrium cubense subsp. cordobense Epling; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 12: 113 (1925)
species :
Teucrium corymbiferum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 8 (1798)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium corymbiferum var. dissimile Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 111 (1951)
= Teucrium philotei Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 193 (1931), nom. nud.
= Teucrium polium f. longiceps Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 316 (1934)
= Teucrium polium subvar. ballsii Sauvage & Vindt; Le Botaniste, Ser. L: 429 (1967)
= Teucrium polium subvar. faurei Sauvage &Vindt; Le Botaniste, Ser. L: 429 (1967)
= Teucrium polium var. corymbiferum (Desf.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 619 (1934)
= Teucrium polium var. dissimile (Sennen) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 619 (1934)
= Teucrium polium var. faureanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 62 (1931)
= Teucrium polium var. virescens (Pomel) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1106 (1941)
= Teucrium virescens Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 115 (1874)
species :
Teucrium corymbosum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 504 (1810)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisomeles australis (Siebold ex Schult.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 4(2): 226 (1827)
= Scoparia australis (Spreng.) Sieber ex Schult.; Mant. 3: 66 (1827)
= Teucrium corymbosum var. hirsutum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 134 (1870)
= Teucrium corymbosum var. lanceolatum (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 570 (1928)
= Teucrium corymbosum var. petrophilum (F.Muell.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 570 (1928)
= Teucrium hirsutum (Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 570 (1928)
= Teucrium lanceolatum Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec. 666 (1833)
= Teucrium petrophilum F.Muell.; Linnaea 25: 426 (1852)
species :
Teucrium cossonii D.Wood; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 261 (1972)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cossonii subsp. punicum Mayol, Mus, Rosselló & N.Torres; Boll. Soc. Hist. Nat. Balears 32: 154 (1988)
= Teucrium polium f. cossonii (D.Wood) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium subsp. cossonii (D.Wood) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium subsp. pulverulentum (Coss.) Malag.; Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 24 (1973), without basionym date
= Teucrium polium var. pulverulentum Barceló; Fl. Baleares: 375 (1880)
= Teucrium pulverulentum (Barceló) Rouy; Naturaliste 2: 31 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium creticum L.; Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys cretica (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium charamoniense Cav.; Descr. Pl.: 82 (1801)
= Teucrium hyssopifolium Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xxviii (1773)
= Teucrium rosmarinifolium Lam.; Encycl. 2: 693 (1788)
species :
Teucrium cubense Jacq.; Enum. Pl. Carib. 25 (1760)
Name: Small coastal germander
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Louisiana, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Cuba
77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon cubense (Jacq.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 1019 (1903)
= Teucrium chamaedrifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 16 (1768)
= Teucrium cubense subsp. chamaedrifolium (Mill.) Epling; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 12: 112 (1925)
= Teucrium laevigatum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 40 (1790)
variant :
var. laevigatum (Vahl) Shinners; Sida 4(3): 275 (1971)
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Durango, Tabasco, Queretaro, Nuevo Leon, etc.); Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Haiti; SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Flores Prov., Montevideo, Rio Negro); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
77 USA 79 MEX 81 BAH HIS TCI 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cubense subsp. laevigatum (Vahl) E.M.McClint. & Epling; Brittonia 5: 503 (1946)
= Melosmon laevigatum (Vahl) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 1019 (1903)
species :
Teucrium cuneifolium Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 395 (1809)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Teucrium cyprium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 5: 43 (1844) et Fl. 4: 820 (1879)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cypricum Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 759 (1897)
species :
Teucrium cyrenaicum (Maire & Weiller) Brullo & Furnari; Webbia 34: 167 (1979)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. cyrenaicum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 297 (1939)
species :
Teucrium daucoides A.R.Bean; Muelleria 37: 5 (2018)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium davaeanum Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 36: 102 (1889), 105
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Teucrium dealeanum Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 171 (1935)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium rotundifolium subsp. dealianum (Emb. & Maire) Sauvage &Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35(4): 291 (1956)
species :
Teucrium decaisnei C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Ser. 5, 3:100 (1845)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
20 EGY LBY 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pilosum (Decne.) Asch. & Schweinf.; Ill. Fl. Egypte 189 (1887)
= Teucrium polium var. pilosum Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., II 2: 250 (1834)
= Teucrium sinaicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 12: 91 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium sinaicum var. kaiseri (Täckh. & Boulos) D.Heller; D. Heller & C. C. Heyn, Conspect. Fl. Oriental. 3: 102 (1986)(without basionym ref.)
= Teucrium sinaicum var. purpurascens (Täckh. & Boulos) D.Heller; D. Heller & C. C. Heyn, Conspect. Fl. Oriental. 3: 102 (1986)(without basionym ref.)
species :
Teucrium decipiens Coss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 20: 258 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium demnatense Coss. ex Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 74 (1919)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara
20 MOR WSA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium collincola Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 79 (1985), nom. nov. superfl.
= Teucrium collinum Coss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 258 (1873), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium depressum Small; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 288 (1899)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Sonora, Veracruz, etc.)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum (Small) E.M.McClint. & Epling; Brittonia 5: 505 (1946)
= Teucrium cubense var. densum Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 861 (1925)
species :
Teucrium diabolicum R.W.Davis & Wege; Nuytsia 31: 129 (2020)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium disjunctum K.R.Thiele & K.A.Sheph.; Nuytsia 28: 139 (2017), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Spartothamnella canescens K.R.Thiele & K.A.Sheph.; Nuytsia 24: 180 (2014)
species :
Teucrium divaricatum Sieber ex Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec. 682, Boiss. Fl. Orient. 4: 816 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. divaricatum
Name: Spreizender Gamander (DE); Spreading Germander (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
13 GRC KRI 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium divaricatum subsp. sieberi (Celak.) Holmb.; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 151 (1914)
= Teucrium divaricatum subsp. villosum (Celak.) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. (Berlin) 42: 391 (1941)
= Teucrium divaricatum var. humilior (Bory & Chaub.) Greuter & Rech.f.; Boissiera 13: 113 (1967)
= Teucrium divaricatum var. sieberi (Celak.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 246 (1889)
= Teucrium divaricatum var. villosum (Celak.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 11: 33 (1897)
= Teucrium flavum var. humilior Bory & Chaub.; Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 162 (1832)
= Teucrium sieberi Celak.; Bot. Centralb. 14: 187 (1883)
= Teucrium sieberi var. hirtum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 189 (1883), nom. inval.
= Teucrium sieberi var. villosum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 190 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. athoum (Hausskn.) Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. nov. ser. 38: 57 (1929)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Athos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium athoum (Hausskn.) Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 38: 27 (1929)
= Teucrium divaricatum var. athoum Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 11: 33 (1897)
subspecies :
subsp. canescens (Celak.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, 1(2): 151 (1914)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium sieberi var. canescens Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 190 (1883)
= Teucrium canescens (Celak.) Holmboe; Studies Veg. Cyprus: 151 (1914), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. graecum (Celak.) Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. nov. ser. 38: 57 (1929)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); ?Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; Lebanon; Syria
13 GRC 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium graecum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 217 (1883)
species :
Teucrium doumerguei Sennen; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 95 (1933)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium mairei f. angustifolium Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 111 (1936)
= Teucrium mairei Sennen; Campagn. Bot. Maroc Orient.: 102 (1936) [nom. illeg.] non H. Lév.
= Teucrium mairei f. angustifolium (Sennen ex Maire) Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 111 (1936)
= Teucrium polium f. angustifolium Sennen ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 209 (1932), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium polium f. doumerguei (Sennen) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1107 (1941)
= Teucrium polium subsp. mairei (Sennen) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 208 (1932)
= Teucrium polium subvar. hidumense (Sennen) Sauvage &Vindt; Naturalia Monspel. Ser. Bot. 16: 199 (1965)
= Teucrium polium var. flavidum Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 46 (1928)
= Teucrium polium var. hidumense Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 112 (1936)
species :
Teucrium ducellieri Batt.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 8: 71 (1917)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium dunense Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.): 5378 (1925)
Distribution: Portugal; E- & S-Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica
12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium alphonsi Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1926: 5379 (1926)
= Teucrium belion S.Puech; Rech. Teucrium Bassin Medit. Occid.: 95 (1976), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium commune var. maritimum (Albert) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 244 (1909)
= Teucrium dunense subsp. sublittoralis P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, E.Laguna, Gómez Nav., A.Guillén & Peris; Flora Montiber. 60: 79 (2015)
= Teucrium dunense var. bombycinum (Sennen) Sennen; Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 30(13): 46 (1931)
= Teucrium maritimum (Albert) Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.): 5378 (1925), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium polium subsp. dunense (Sennen) Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 96 (1936)
= Teucrium polium var. bombycinum Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 15: 261 (1916)
= Teucrium polium var. maritimum Albert; Albert & Jahand., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Var: 394 (1908)
= Teucrium puechiae Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Teucrium eburneum Thulin; Edinburgh J. Bot. 48(3): 337 (1991)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Teucrium edetanum M.B.Crespo, Mateo & T.Navarro; Acta Bot. Malacitana 19: 205 (1994)
Distribution: E-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium ekimii H.Duman; Karaca Arbor. Mag. 4(3): 125 (1998)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium embergeri (Sauvage & Vindt) El Oualidi, T.Navarro & A.Martin; Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 198 (1997)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium mairei var. embergeri Sauvage & Vindt; Le Botaniste, ser. L: 1-6: 433 (1967)
species :
Teucrium eremaeum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 35: 530 (1905)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium eriocephalum Willk.; Linnaea 25: 58 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. eriocephalum
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. eriocephalum (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium ellmannii C.E.Hubb. & Sandwith; Bull. Misc. Inform. 1928: 151 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. almeriense (C.E.Hubb. & Sandwith) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 43(1): 181 (1988)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium almeriense C.E.Hubb. & Sandwith; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 152 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. serranum (Pau) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 43(1): 180 (1988)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium serranum Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1: No. 3, 30 (1925)
species :
Teucrium eximium O.Schwartz; Fl. Trop. Arabien, Mitt. Inst. Allgem. Bot. Hamburg 10: 219 (1939)
Distribution: Yemen (SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
species :
Teucrium expassum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 2: 14 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. expassum
Distribution: N- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium angustissimum var. expassum (Pau) Pau; Brotéria, Ci. Nat. 22: 122 (1926)
= Teucrium aragonense var. latifolium Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 161 (1893)
= Teucrium polium subsp. expassum (Pau) Rivas Goday & Borja; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 19: 466 (1961)
= Teucrium polium var. expassum (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 238 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. neilense Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 59: 92 (2015)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium fallax A.R.Bean; Muelleria 37: 7 (2018)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium faurei Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 20: 198 (1929)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium rotundifolium subsp. faurei (Maire) Sauvage & Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35(4): 291 (1955)
species :
Teucrium figuerolae Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, A.Guillén, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & Peris; Flora Montiber. 83: 62 (2022)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium fililobum F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 134 (1870)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium flavum L.; Sp. Pl. 565 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. flavum
Name: Gelber Gamander (DE), Yellow Germander (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Baleares; S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Tunisia; Libya
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS PEL SIC SLV SMA 20 LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys cinerascens Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 47 (1866)
= Chamaedrys flava (L.) Moench; Methodus: 383 (1794)
= Chamaedrys ovalifolia Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 48 (1866)
= Chamaedrys pulverulenta Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 47 (1866)
= Chamaedrys virescens Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 47 (1866)
= Teucrium flavum subsp. pilosum (Celak.) Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. 42: 394 (1941), nom. inval.
= Teucrium flavum subvar. mairei Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 139 (1955)
= Teucrium flavum var. glabatum Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 275 (1884)
= Teucrium flavum var. lilacinum Pamp.; Piantae Tripol.: 219 (1914)
= Teucrium majus Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 465 (1897)
= Teucrium nitidum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 35 (1774)
= Teucrium regium Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 35 (1774)
subspecies :
subsp. glaucum (Jord. & Fourr.) Ronniger; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 68: (234) (1918)
Distribution: E-Spain; Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Croatia; Greece; Morocco; Algeria
12 BAL COR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys glauca Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. 1: 48 (1866)
= Teucrium flavum proles glaucum (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 240 (1909)
= Teucrium flavum subvar. adenotrichum Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 141 (1955)
= Teucrium flavum var. glaucum (Jord. & Fourr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 565 (1881)
= Teucrium flavum var. glaucum (Jord. & Fourr.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 814 (1937)
= Teucrium flavum var. leiophyllum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 219 (1883)
= Teucrium glaucum (Jord. & Fourr.) Bég.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 13: 183 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. gymnocalyx Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. (Berlin) 42: 397 (1941)
Distribution: SE-Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. hellenicum Rech.f.; Bot. Arch. (Berlin) 42: 397 (1941)
Distribution: Greece (Aegaean); Crete; Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 TUR
species :
Teucrium fragile Boiss.; Elenchus 77 (1838)
Distribution: S-Spain (Andalucia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cuneifolium Webb; Iter Hispan.: 23 (1838)
species :
Teucrium franchetianum Rouy & Coincy; Ecl. Pl. Hispan. 1: 20 (1893)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium francisci-werneri Rech.f.; Phyton (Austria) 1: 207 (1949)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: montbretii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium werneri Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 149 (1938), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium francoi M.Seq., Capelo, J.C.Costa & R.Jardim; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 156(4): 643 (2008)
Distribution: Madeira
21 MDR
species :
Teucrium freynii E.Rev. ex Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 159 (1893)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria, Murcia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium ambiguum (Lange) Esteve; Acta Bot. Malacitana 2: 22 (1976), without basionym ref.
= Teucrium ambiguum Lange; Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Forh. 196 (1893)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. ambiguum Lange; Overs. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Forh. Medlemmers Arbeider 1893: 196 (1893)
= Teucrium quadratum var. ambiguum (Lange) Esteve; Veg. Fl. Reg. Centr. Mer. Prov. Murcia: 334 (1972)
= Teucrium saxatile var. tournefortii Coincy; Ecl. Pl. Hisp. 4: 29 (1899)
species :
Teucrium fruticans L.; Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
Name: Strauchiger Gamander, Shrubby germander
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; ?Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; India [c]; USA [I] (California [I]); Colombia [I]; Bolivia [c]
12 COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 CRO ITA PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 40 ind 76 usa 82 clm 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys latifolia (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium angustifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 76 (1796)
= Teucrium fruticans f. albiflorum H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 134 (1932)
= Teucrium fruticans f. coloratum Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 612 (1934)
= Teucrium fruticans f. grandifolium Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 110 (1951)
= Teucrium fruticans f. pallidum Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 612 (1934)
= Teucrium fruticans subsp. latifolium (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 558 (1882)
= Teucrium fruticans subsp. latifolium (L.) P.Silva & Teles; Mem. Soc. Brot. 21: 246 (1971), isonym
= Teucrium fruticans subsp. prostratum Gattef. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 112 (1941)
= Teucrium fruticans var. lancifolium Debeaux ex Clary; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 1888: 115-172 (1888)
= Teucrium fruticans var. latifolium (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 564 (1881), isonym
= Teucrium fruticans var. latifolium (L.) Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 27 (1773)
= Teucrium fruticans var. linearifolium Clary; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 1888: 115-172 (1888)
= Teucrium fruticans var. minor Pau; Cavanillesia 1: 144 (1929)
= Teucrium fruticans var. pallidum (Maire) Sauvage; Trav. Inst. Sci. Chdrifien, Sdr. Bot. 22: 159 (1961)
= Teucrium fruticans var. rotundifolium Dautez & Debeaux; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 42: 287 (1889)
= Teucrium glomeratum Cav.; Anales Ci. Nat. 3(7): 62 (1801)
= Teucrium latifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
= Teucrium tomentosum Moench; Methodus: 382 (1794), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium gabrieliae Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 59B: 311 (1939)
Distribution: S-Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium stocksianum subsp. gabrieliae (Bornm.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 30 (1982)
= Teucrium stocksianum var. gabrieliae (Bornm.) Jamzad; Fl. Iran 76: 82 (2012)
species :
Teucrium gattefossei Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 13: 299 (1933 publ. 1934)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium glandulosum Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 23 (1863)
Name: Sticky germander
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Teucrium gnaphalodes L´Hér.; Stirp. Nov. 84 (1788)
Distribution: Portugal; C-, S- & E-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium eriocalyx Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 187 (1883)
= Teucrium funkianum Willk.; Strand-Steppegeb. Iber. Halbins. (Thes.): 134 (1852)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes subsp. funkianum (Willk.) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; 1969
= Teucrium gnaphalodes subsp. ilerdense (O.Bolòs & Vigo) O.Bolòs; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 59(8): 146 (1991)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes subsp. jaennense (Lacaita) Rivas Mart.; Candollea 31: 114 (1976)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. erectum Lázaro Ibiza; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 29: 163 (1900)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. illerdense Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 102 (1936)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. jaennense Lacaita; Cavanillesia 3: 39 (1930)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. longepedunculatum Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 221 (1936)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. pseudoaureum Coste
= Teucrium polium subsp. gnaphalodes (L´Hér.) Masclans ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium subvar. pseudoaureum (Coste) Dubuis; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 16: 50 (1976)
= Teucrium polium var. gnaphalodes (L´Hér.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium polium var. ilerdense O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
species :
Teucrium goetzei Gürke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 391 (1901)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Teucrium gracile Barbey & Fors.-Major; Karpathos: 127 (1895)
Name: Zierlicher Gamander (DE); Gracile Germander (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos, Kos, Rhodos)
13 KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium alpestre subsp. gracile (Barbey & Fors.-Major) D.Wood; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 261 (1972)
species :
Teucrium grandifolium R.A.Clement; Edinburgh J. Bot. 50(1): 37 (1993)
Distribution: Tibet; Bhutan
36 TIB 40 BHU
species :
Teucrium grandiusculum F.Muell. & Tate; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. S. Austral. 13: 108 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. grandiusculum
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia)
50 AUS
subspecies :
subsp. pilosum Toelken; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(3): 299 (1985)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium grosii Pau; Iter Marocc. 1927: 515 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium huotii var. grosii (Pau) Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 515, in sched. (1928)
= Teucrium rotundifolium var. rubrovirens Pau; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 516, in sched. (1928)
species :
Teucrium guanwuense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 6: 488 (2023)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Teucrium gypsophilum Emb. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 17, 46 (1927)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium junii-victoris Sennen & Mauricio ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 27: 254 (1936)
= Teucrium junii-victoris Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Or. 147, nomen (1933)
species :
Teucrium haenseleri Boiss.; Elenchus 79 (1838)
Distribution: S-Portugal; C-, S- & SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: haenseleri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium luisleri Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 7: 10 (1903)
= Teucrium subtriphyllum var. haenseleri (Boiss.) Pau; Cavanillesia 4: 130 (1931)
species :
Teucrium halacsyanum Heldr.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 241 (1879)
Distribution: W-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: montbretii agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium corcyranum Quézel & Contandr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France cxiii. 351 (1967)
species :
Teucrium haradjanii Briq. ex Rech.f.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 43: 44 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Teucrium helichrysoides (Diels) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 79 (1985)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Libya; Mauritania
20 ALG LBY MOR WSA 22 MTN
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. geyrii Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 198 (1929)
= Teucrium polium subsp. helichrysoides (Diels) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 198 (1929)
= Teucrium polium subsp. seuratianum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 198 (1929)
= Teucrium polium var. helichrysoides Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54(120): 112 (1917)
= Teucrium polium var. laxum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 199 (1929)
species :
Teucrium heterophyllum L´Hér.; Stirp. Nov. 84. t. 49 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. heterophyllum
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Poliodendron heterophyllum (L´Hér.) Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3: 106 (1845)
subspecies :
subsp. brevipilosum Gaisberg; Willdenowia 30(2): 267 (2000)
Name: Verschiedenblättriger Gamander (DE); Jocama (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma, Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium canariense Lam.; Encycl. 2: 692 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. hierrense Gaisberg; Willdenowia 30(2): 267 (2000)
Name: El-Hierro-Gamander (DE); Jocama herrena (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Hierro)
21 CNY
species :
Teucrium heterotrichum Briq. ex Rech.f.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 43: 43 (1949)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
species :
Teucrium heynei V.S.Kumar & Chakrab.; Phytotaxa 243(2): 197 (2016), nom. nov.
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium tomentosum B.Heyne ex Benth.; Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 58 (1830), non Moench, 1794
species :
Teucrium hieronymi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 150 (1936), pro hybr.
Distribution: SE-Spain (Sa. de Gador, Adra)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. gadorense (Sennen) Rosua & Navarro ex Molero Mesa & Pérez Raya; Fl. Sierra Nevada: 247 (1987)
= Teucrium gadorense Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 221 (1936)
= Teucrium murcicum subsp. hieronymi (Sennen) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45: 586 (1990)
species :
Teucrium hifacense Pau; Bol. Soc. Arag. 1: 30 (1902)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium f. aurescens (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium buxifolium f. hifacense (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 91 (1983)
= Teucrium buxifolium subsp. hifacense (Pau) Fern.Casas; Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 47(Suppl.): 296 (1974)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. hifacense (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 91 (1983)
= Teucrium hifacense var. aurescens Font Quer; Ill. Fl. Occid. 1: 6 (1926)
species :
Teucrium hijazicum Hedge & R.A.King; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(1): 30 (1988)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Teucrium hircanicum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1096 (1759)
Name: Kaukasus-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); New Zealand [I]
11 ger 13 ita 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia hircanica (L.) Raf.; Specchio Sci. 2: 171 (1814)
= Scorodonia spicata Moench; Methodus: 385 (1794)
species :
Teucrium homotrichum (Font Quer) Rivas Mart.; Opusc. Bot. Pharm. Complut. 3: 88 (1986)
Distribution: E- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aureum subsp. latifolium (Willk.) Puech ex Valdés Berm. & Sanches Crespo; Acta Bot. Malac. 4: 43 (1978)
= Teucrium aureum var. latifolium Willk.; M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 478 (1868)
= Teucrium carthaginense var. homotrichum Font Quer; Exsicc. (Fl. Hisp.) 5: 7 (1945)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. latifolium (Willk.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985)
= Teucrium polium subsp. homotrichum (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium subsp. latifolium (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 236 (1995)
= Teucrium polium subvar. homotrichum (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 236 (1995)
species :
Teucrium huotii Emb. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 17, 45 (1927)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium integrifolium Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 133 (1870)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium intricatum Lange; Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1863: 21 (1863)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Sierra de Gádor)
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium irroratum A.R.Bean; Muelleria 37: 10 (2018)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium japonicum Houtt.; Nat. Hist. 9: 282 (1778)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium brevispicatum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 201 (1921)
= Teucrium brevispicum Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 34: 48 (1920)
= Teucrium japonicum f. lanatum Y.Z.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 36 (1966)
= Teucrium japonicum Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 23 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium willdenowii Qiang Wang; Fl. Pan-Himalaya 44(1): 64 (2019)
variant :
var. microphyllum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 334 (1965)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. tsungmingense C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 334 (1965)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium joannis (Sauvage & Vindt) El Oualidi, T.Navarro & A.Martin; Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 198 (1997)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium mairei subsp. joannis Sauvage &Vindt; Le Botaniste, ser. L: 1-6: 433 (1967)
species :
Teucrium jolyi Mathez & Sauvage; Trav. Inst. Sci. Cherifien Fac. Sci. Rabat, Gen. 3: 181 (1975)
Distribution: S-Morocco (Western Sahara)
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium jordanicum (Danin) Faried; Nordic J. Bot. 33(4): 390 (2015)
Distribution: Palestine (Jord.)
34 PAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium leucocladum subsp. jordanicum Danin; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 172 (1997)
variant :
var. sinaicum (Danin) Faried; Nordic J. Bot. 33(4): 391 (2015)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula
34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium leucocladum subsp. sinaicum Danin; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 171 (1997)
species :
Teucrium junceum (A.Cunn. ex Walp.) Kattari & Heubl; Taxon 65(4): 818 (2016)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Spartothamnella juncea (Walp.) Briq.; Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. 4: 3a 161 (1894)
= Spartothamnus junceus A.Cunn.; Loudon Hort. Brit. Suppl. 600 (1830), nomen, et ex Walp. Rep. 6: 694 (1846 publ. 1847)
= Spartothamnus junceus var. puberulus F.Muell.; S. Sci. Rec. 2: 55 (1882)
species :
Teucrium kabylicum Batt.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. Alger. Tunis, 269 (1905)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Teucrium karpasiticum Hadjik. & Hand; Willdenowia 38(1): 112 (2008)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Teucrium kotschyanum Poech; Enum. Pl. Ins. Cypr. 24 (1842)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus)
34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: scorodonia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium smyrneum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 5: 42 (1844)
species :
Teucrium kraussii Codd; Bothalia 12(2): 179 (1977), nom. nov.
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium riparium Hochst.; Flora 28: 66 (1845), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium krymense Juz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 14: 19 (1951)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY 33 NCS
Remarks: status uncertain, near T. chamaedrys
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium fagetorum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 9: 638 (1960)
= Teucrium fischeri Juz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 14: 23 (1951)
= Teucrium krymense var. tamanicum Melnikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 77 (2014)
species :
Teucrium kyreniae (P.H.Davis) Hadjik. & Hand; Willdenowia 38(1): 117 (2008)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cyprium subsp. kyreniae P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 4: 111 (1949)
species :
Teucrium labiosum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 342 (1965)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium laciniatum Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 2: 231 (1828)
Name: Lacy germander
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Kansas, Maryland, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
73 USA 74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon laciniatum (Torr.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 1019 (1903)
species :
Teucrium lamiifolium d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 320 (1822)
Distribution: SE-Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
13 BUL TUE 34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scutellaria cretica L.; Sp. Pl.: 600 (1753)
= Teucrium cordifolium Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 221 (1883)
species :
Teucrium lanigerum Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 17 (1816)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium chrysotrichum var. brevifolium Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 2: 67 (1903)
= Teucrium eriocephalum subsp. lutescens (Coincy) S.Puech; Rech. Teucrium Bassin Medit. Occid.: 67 (1976)
= Teucrium eriocephalum var. lutescens Coincy; J. Bot. (Morot) 9: 333 (1895)
= Teucrium eriocephalum var. rubriflorum Coincy; Ecl. Pl. Hisp. 3: 22 (1897)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes subvar. albiflorum Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 278 (1884)
= Teucrium lanigerum f. albiflorum Sánchez Mata & Gavilan; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 24: 83 (1993)
= Teucrium lanigerum var. longespicatum Molero & Defferr.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 47: 267 (1989 publ. 1990)
= Teucrium paui Jiménez & Ibáñez; Actas Mem. Congr. Nat. Esp.: 1267 (1909)
= Teucrium polium subsp. lutescens (Coincy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 235 (1995)
species :
Teucrium laxum D.Don; Prod. Fl. Nep. 109 (1825)
Distribution: Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga laxa Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 109 (1825)
species :
Teucrium leonis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 35 (1936)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium martinii Cirujano, Roselló, Peris & Stübing; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(2): 407 (1999 publ. 2000)
species :
Teucrium lepicephalum Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. nat. 3: 286 (1904)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: pumilum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pumilum subsp. lepicephalum (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 91 (1983)
species :
Teucrium leucocladum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 5: 44 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. leucocladum
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia)
20 EGY 34 ISR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium cuneifolium Schimp. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 5: 44 (1844)
= Teucrium schimperi C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., V 3: 530 (1845)
variant :
var. glandulosum Danin; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 169 (1997)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula
34 SIN
species :
Teucrium leucophyllum Montbret & Aucher ex Benth.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 6: 55 (1836)
Distribution: +Turkey (+E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium libanitis Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 48 (1773)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: pumilum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pumilum subsp. verticillatum (Cav.) Fern.Casas; Trab. Dept. Bot. Univ. Granada 1: 37 (1979)
= Teucrium verticillatum Cav.; Icon. 2: 77 (1793)
species :
Teucrium lini-vaccarii Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 17 (1914)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Teucrium lucidum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1095 (1759)
Name: Glanz-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys lucida (L.) Moench; Methodus: 383 (1794)
species :
Teucrium lusitanicum Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 47 (1774)
subspecies :
subsp. lusitanicum
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar
12 GIB POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Polium trifoliatum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 40 (1790)
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. lusitanicum (Schreb.) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45(2): 585 (1990)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. contortostylum (Sennen) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45: 583 (1990)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. lusitanicum (Schreb.) Rivas Mart.; Opusc. Bot. Pharm. Complutensis 3: 88 (1986)
= Teucrium polium subsp. rupestricola (Sennen) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45: 582 (1990)
= Teucrium polium var. contortostylum Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 150 (1936)
= Teucrium polium var. lusitanicum (Schreb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium polium var. rupestricola Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 150 (1936)
= Teucrium salviastrum Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 85 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. aureiforme (Rouy) Valdés Berm.; Acta Bot. Malac. 4: 44 (1978 publ. 1979)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium var. aureiforme Rouy; Naturaliste 4(3): 21 (1882)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. aureiforme (Rouy) Rivas Mart.; Opusc. Bot. Pharm. Complut. 3: 88 (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. clementiae T.Navarro, El Oualidi, Arnaud Martin & S.Puech; Acta Bot. Gallica, 145(1): 64 (1998)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium luteum (Mill.) Degen; Fl. Velebit. 2: 587 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. luteum
Distribution: France; Sicily; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA 13 SIC 20 ALG TUN
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Polium luteum Garsault ex Thell.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 903 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Polium luteum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2 (1768)
= Teucrium polium subsp. luteum (Mill.) Briq.; Lab. Alp. Marit.: 143 (1891)
= Teucrium polium var. trifoliatum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 40 (1790)
= Teucrium trifoliatum (Vahl) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 36 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. flavovirens (Batt.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 79 (1985)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aureum subsp. flavovirens (Batt.) S.Puech; Bull. Soc. Bot. France Lett. Bot., 129(1): 44 (1982)
= Teucrium polium subsp. flavovirens Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 714 (1890)
= Teucrium polium var. flavovirens (Batt.) Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 7-8: 175 (1904)
= Teucrium polium var. mesatlanticum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 209 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. gabesianum (Puech) Greuter & Burdet ex Greuter; Willdenowia 15(2): 423 (1986)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium aureum subsp. gabesianum S.Puech; Bull. Soc. Bot. France Lett. Bot. 132: 45 (1985)
= Teucrium luteum subsp. gabesianum (Le Houérou) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 80 (1985), basionym not validly publ.
species :
Teucrium macrophyllum (C.Y.Wu & S.Chow) J.H.Zheng; Fl. Hubeiensis 3: 447 (2002), nom. illeg., non Lam.
Distribution: China (Hubei, etc.)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pilosum var. macrophyllum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 336 (1965)
species :
Teucrium macrum Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 810 (1879)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Teucrium maghrebinum Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 80 (1985), nom. nov.
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium balansae Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 632 (1878)
= Teucrium mauritanicum de Noé ex Coss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. IV. 1: 226 (1854), et in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2: 585 (1855)
= Teucrium resupinatum Balansa ex Coss.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 1: 226 (1854), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium malenconianum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 25: 316 (1934)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium manghuaense Y.Z.Sun ex S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 339 (1965)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. angustum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 340 (1965)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium marum L.; Sp. Pl. 564 (1753)
Name: Katzen-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Morocco
11 ger slo 12 COR FRA SAR 13 BIH CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys marum (L.) Moench; Methodus: 384 (1794)
= Chamaedrys quadratula (Schreb.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium maritimum Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 414 (1779)
= Teucrium marum subvar. drosocalyx Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 145 (1955)
= Teucrium marum subvar. eriocalyx Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 144 (1955)
= Teucrium myrtifolium Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 394 (1829)
= Teucrium odorum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 76 (1796)
= Teucrium quadratulum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xxxvi (1773)
species :
Teucrium mascatense Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 819 (1879)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman)
35 OMA
species :
Teucrium massiliense L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 789 (1763)
Name: Marseille Germander (EN), Marseille-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Crete
12 COR FRA SAR 13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia cordata Moench; Methodus: 385 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Scorodonia massiliensis (L.) Link; Handbuch 1: 458 (1829)
= Teucrium cuspidatum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 222 (1883)
= Teucrium massiliense subvar. lanceolatum Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 152 (1955)
= Teucrium odoratum Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 413 (1779)
species :
Teucrium maximowiczii Prob.; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 7: 301 (1995)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); Japan (Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
species :
Teucrium melissoides Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 813 (1879)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Teucrium meridionale (P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & Peris) P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 57 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium expassum subsp. meridionale P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & Peris; Nemus 9: 28 (2019)
species :
Teucrium mesanidum (Litard. & Maire) Sauvage & Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 35: 289 (1956)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium luteum subsp. mesanidum (Litard. & Maire) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985)
= Teucrium mesanidum (Litard. & Maire) T.Navarro & Rosua; Acta Bot. Malacitana 16(2): 514 (1991), isonym
= Teucrium mesanidum var. cylindrostachyum (Maire) Sauvage &Vindt; Le Botaniste, Ser. L: 4-6: 422 (1967)
= Teucrium polium subsp. mesanidum Litard. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, Bot. 4: 20 (1924)
= Teucrium polium subvar. attenuatum Sauvage &Vindt; Le Botaniste, Ser. L: 422 (1967)
= Teucrium polium var. cylindrostachyum Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 13: 271 (1934)
species :
Teucrium micranthum B.J.Conn; Telopea 9(4): 803 (2002)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium microphyllum Desf.; Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 10: 300 (1807)
Name: Small-leaf Germander (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium quadratulum Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 6: 25 (1825), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium micropodioides Rouy; Naturaliste 2: 36 (1882)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. micropodioides (Rouy) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, 1(2): 152 (1914)
species :
Teucrium mideltense Humbert; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 19: 240 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. mideltense Batt.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 12: 190 (1921)
species :
Teucrium miragestorum Gómez Nav., Roselló, P.P.Ferrer & Peris; Sabuco 9: 45 (2013)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium mitecum Ibn Tattou & El Oualidi; Acta Bot. Malacitana 18: 154 (1993)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium modestum A.R.Bean; Muelleria 37: 12 (2018)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium montanum L.; Sp. Pl. 565 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. montanum
Name: Berg-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; NE-Spain; Andorra; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; W-Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria; Transcaucasus; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys montana (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Polium montanum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 1 (1768)
= Polium supinum (L.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 547 (1866)
= Polium tomentosum Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 133 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium cretaceum Kotov; J. Bot. Acad. Sci. Ukraine 13: No. 3, 49 (1956)
= Teucrium incanum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 547 (1866)
= Teucrium jailae Juz.; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S. S. S. R. Bot. Inst. Vsesoyuzn. Akad. Nauk 11: 144 (1949)
= Teucrium montanum subsp. jailae (Juz.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 12: 120 (1966)
= Teucrium montanum subsp. pannonicum (A.Kern.) Domin; Preslia 13-15: 193 (1936)
= Teucrium montanum subsp. pannonicum (A.Kern.) Pawlowska; Pawl., 89 (1967), isonym
= Teucrium montanum subsp. supinum (L.) O.Schwarz; 112 (1949)
= Teucrium montanum var. lanceolatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 245 (1909)
= Teucrium montanum var. lavandilifolium Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 246 (1909)
= Teucrium montanum var. pannonicum (A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium montanum var. parnassicum Celak.; Bot. Centralbl. 14: 153 (1883)
= Teucrium montanum var. praemontanum (Klokov) Pawlowska; Pawl., 89, 88 (1967)
= Teucrium montanum var. skorpilii (Velen.) Diklic; Fl. SR Srbije 6: 356 (1974)
= Teucrium montanum var. supinum (L.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 221 (1812)
= Teucrium montanum var. supinum (L.) Rchb.; 315 (1832), isonym
= Teucrium montanum var. villosum Auersw.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 13: 823 (1855)
= Teucrium pannonicum A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 13: 384 (1863)
= Teucrium parnassicum (Celak.) Wettst.; Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. 98: Abth. 1. 376 (1889)
= Teucrium praemontanum Klokov; Kom., Fl. URSS 20: 506 (1954)
= Teucrium reuticum Bogoutdinova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 76: 745 (1991)
= Teucrium revolutum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 295 (1812)
= Teucrium skorpili Velen.; Sitzb. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. 2: 39 (1889 publ. 1890), et Fl. Bulg. 443 (1891)
= Teucrium supinum L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. helianthemoides (Adamovic) Baden; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Gr 2: 74 (1991)
Distribution: Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium helianthemoides Adamovic; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 74: 136 (1910)
species :
Teucrium montbretii Benth.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 2, 6: 56 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. montbretii
Distribution: S-Turkey; Syria
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: montbretii agg.
subspecies :
subsp. heliotropifolium (Barbey) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 138 (1953)
Name: Karpathos-Gamander
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium heliotropifolium Barbey; Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 21: 223 (1886)
subspecies :
subsp. judaicum P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 6: 117 (1951)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
subspecies :
subsp. libanoticum P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 6: 117 (1951)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
subspecies :
subsp. pamphylicum P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 6: 117 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. yildirimlii Dinç & Dogu; Biologia (Bratislava) 67(4): 669 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium montsianicum Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 85: 121 (2023)
Distribution: Spain (Tarragona)
12 SPA
variant :
var. crenulatum Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 85: 122 (2023)
Distribution: Spain (Tarragona)
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium muletii Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, E.Laguna, Gómez Nav., A.Guillén & Peris; Flora Montiber. 54: 137 (2013)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium multicaule Montbret & Aucher ex Benth.; Arm. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 6: 54 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. multicaule
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
subspecies :
subsp. planifolium Post; Fl. Syria, ed. 2: 404 (1832)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria
34 LEB SYR
species :
Teucrium murcicum Sennen; Bull. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 30(13): 328 (1931)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Baleares
12 BAL SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. aguilasense S.Puech; Rech. Teucrium Bassin Medit. Occid.: 95 (1976)
species :
Teucrium musimonum Humbert ex Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 232 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium musimonum var. matris-filiae Emb. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 22: 46 (1930)
= Teucrium musimonum var. mesatlanticum Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 22: 47 (1930)
= Teucrium musimonum var. virescens Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 16 (1929)
species :
Teucrium myriocladum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 35: 530 (1905)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium nablii S.Puech; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 137(1): 67 (1990)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Teucrium nanum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 337 (1965)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium novorossicum Melnikov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 76 (2014)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
33 NCS
species :
Teucrium nudicaule Hook.; Bot. Misc. 2: 235 (1831)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium leucanthum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 90: 565 (1895)
= Teucrium nudicaule var. leucanthum Epling; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 12: 114 (1925)
= Teucrium tripartitum Meyen; Observ. Bot. 1: 406 (1843)
species :
Teucrium nummularifolium Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 185 (1895)
Distribution: Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut)
35 OMA YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium paulayanum O.Schwartz; Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 10: 219 (1939)
species :
Teucrium odontites Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 4: 57 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium oliverianum Ging.; Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. 668 (1835)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (NW-Syria); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait
34 IRN IRQ SYR 35 KUW SAU
species :
Teucrium omeiense Y.Z.Sun ex S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 340 (1965)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium omeiense Y.Z.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 38 (1966)
variant :
var. cyanophyllum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 341 (1965)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium orientale L.; Sp. Pl. 562 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. orientale
Name: Oriental germander
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); USA [I] (Pennsylvania [I])
33 ARM GEO 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon orientale (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium nivale Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 12: 91 (1853)
variant :
var. glabrescens Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 624 (1898)
Distribution: Turkey; Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium eginense Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 281 (1901)
= Teucrium eginense var. brevidens Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 282 (1901)
= Teucrium orientale subsp. glabrescens (Hausskn. ex Bornm.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 40 (1982)
= Teucrium orientale var. brachyodon Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 283 (1901)
= Teucrium orientale var. subglabrum Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 282 (1901)
= Teucrium wanense Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 283 (1901)
variant :
var. puberulens Ekim; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(1): 58 (1980)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey; Iran
33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
subspecies :
subsp. gloeotrichum Rech.f.; Fl. Iran. 150: 41 (1982)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. taylorii (Boiss.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iran. 150: 41 (1982)
Distribution: Armenia; Iraq; Iran; Pakistan (Sind)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium taylorii Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 61 (1846)
= Teucrium taylorii subsp. muticum Menitsky; Fl. Armenii 8: 18 (1987)
species :
Teucrium ornatum Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. Bot. 26: 313 (1890)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guizhou, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Kinostemon ornatus (Hemsl.) Kudô; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 19: 2 (1929), et in Mem. Fac. Sci. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 300 (1929)
= Kinostemon ornatus f. falcatus C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 246 (1965)
= Kinostemon ornatus f. subintegrifolius C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 246 (1965)
= Orthosiphon delavayi H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 218 (1911)
species :
Teucrium oxylepis Font Quer; Mém. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(2): 9 (1924)
Distribution: C- & S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium flavum subsp. oxylepis (Font Quer) Fern.Casas; Candollea 29(2): 331 (1974)
= Teucrium oxylepis f. marianum Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.; Naturalia Hispanica 1: 42 (1974)
= Teucrium oxylepis subsp. gredense B.García & P.Vargas; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 65(2): 363 (2008)
= Teucrium oxylepis subsp. marianum (Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.) Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.; Bol. Estac. Central Ecol. 3(6): 30 (1974), without basionym page
species :
Teucrium ozturkii A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 175: 54 (1997)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium paederotoides Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 814 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Teucrium pampaninii C.Du; Checkl. Shaanxi Vasc. Pl. 297 (2016), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium japonicum var. pilosum Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. new ser. 17(4): 711 (1910)
= Teucrium pilosum (Pamp.) C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 335 (1965), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium parviflorum Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 31, t. l(1773)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
species :
Teucrium parvifolium (Hook.f.) Kattari & Salmaki; Taxon 65(4): 818 (2016)
Distribution: New Zealand (widespread)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucridium parvifolium f. luxurians (Cheeseman) Moldenke; Phytologia 48: 444 (1981)
= Teucridium parvifolium Hook.f.; Fl. New Zealand. 203. t. 49 (1854)
= Teucridium parvifolium var. luxurians Cheeseman; Man. New Zealand Fl.: 764 (1925)
species :
Teucrium pernyi Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 6: 125 (1883)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kinostemon ningpoense (Hemsl.) Kudô; J. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan 2: 146 (1930)
= Kinostemon pernyi (Franch.) Kudô; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 19: 2 (1929)
= Kinostemon pernyi var. ningpoensis (Hemsl.) Kudô; Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 299 (1929)
= Teucrium huoshanense S.W.Su & J.Q.He; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 7(1): 95 (1985)
= Teucrium ningpoense Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 313 (1891)
species :
Teucrium persicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 5: 42 (1844) et Fl. 4: 815 (1879)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Teucrium pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 90 (1853) et Fl. 4: 807 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium petelotii Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton; Kew Bull. 61(4): 620 (2007)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Teucrium pilbaranum B.J.Conn; Telopea 8(3): 299 (1999)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium plectranthoides Gamble; Fl. Madras, 1158 (1924), Gamble in Kew Bull. 266 (1924)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Teucrium polioides Ryding; Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(2): 214 (1998)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Teucrium polium L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. polium
Name: Polei-Gamander
Distribution: S-, C- & E-Spain; S-France; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; N-Chad (Tibesti)
12 FRA SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 24 CHA
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys polium (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Monochilon tomentosus (Lam.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 405 (1867)
= Polium angustifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 3 (1768)
= Polium diffusum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 13 (1768)
= Polium erectum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 8 (1768)
= Polium fruticosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 11 (1768)
= Polium integerrimum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 14 (1768)
= Polium latifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 7 (1768)
= Polium perenne Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 2: 178 (1791)
= Polium pratense Gueldenst.; Reis. Russland 2: 163 (1791)
= Polium ramosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 9 (1768)
= Polium serratum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 12 (1768)
= Polium smyrnaeum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 15 (1768)
= Polium spicatum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 10 (1768)
= Teucrium aegypticum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 112 (1806)
= Teucrium caespitulosum Dufour; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 430 (1860)
= Teucrium capitatum f. soloitanum (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 445 (1938)
= Teucrium capitatum subvar. caespitulosum (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Teucrium capitatum var. chamaedrifolium Pau & Font Quer; P. Font i Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927: 518 (1928)
= Teucrium capitatum var. max-onnoi Sennen & Mauricio; É. M. G. Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 239 (1936)
= Teucrium cephalotes Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 116 (1874)
= Teucrium chulilia Cav. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 798 (1825)
= Teucrium commune Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 242 (1909)
= Teucrium compositum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 114 (1874)
= Teucrium cylindricum Lam. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 829 (1821)
= Teucrium foliosum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 115 (1874)
= Teucrium gussonei Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Teucrium lavandulatum Pourr. ex Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec. 686 (1835)
= Teucrium polium f. soloitanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 445 (1937)
= Teucrium polium f. vedranense O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium var. adeliae Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 376 (1937)
= Teucrium polium var. angustifolium Benth.; Prodr. [DC.] 12: 592 (1848)
= Teucrium polium var. chamaedrifolium (Pau & Font Quer) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 619 (1934)
= Teucrium polium var. chamaedryformis K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 706 (1849)
= Teucrium polium var. longivillum Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 226 (1935)
= Teucrium polium var. pseudohyssopus (Schreb.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 2: 477 (1902)
= Teucrium polium var. pseudohyssopus (Schreb.) K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 706 (1849)
= Teucrium polium var. subtriphyllum (Lag.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium polium var. tetuanense Pau; Mém. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12(5): 379 (1924)
= Teucrium polium var. tricolor Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 37 (1940)
= Teucrium polium-trifoliatum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 40 (1790)
= Teucrium polycephalon Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 3: 216 (1775)
= Teucrium pseudohyssopus Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xlv (1773)
= Teucrium pulverulentum Coss. ex Barceló; Fl. Baleares: 375 (1880)
= Teucrium purpurascens Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 3: 210 (1775)
= Teucrium purpureum Link; Handbuch 1: 456 (1829)
= Teucrium soloitanum (Maire) T.Navarro & Rosua; Acta Bot. Malacitana 16(2): 514 (1991)
= Teucrium stoechadifolium Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 113 (1874)
= Teucrium subtriphyllum Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 17 (1816)
= Teucrium teuthrion Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 46 (1774)
= Teucrium tomentosum Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 407 (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. aurasiacum (Maire) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 80 (1985)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium var. aurasiacum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 360 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. chevalieri Maire; Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 3: 266 (1933)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
subspecies :
subsp. clapae S.Puech; Naturalia Monspel., Sér. Bot. 21: 209 (1970 publ. 1971)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium var. clapae (S.Puech) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 240 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. purpurascens (Benth.) S.Puech; Rech. Teucrium Bassin Medit. Occid. 94 (1976)
Distribution: Baleares; France
12 BAL FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium commune var. purpurascens (Benth.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 244 (1909)
= Teucrium polium var. purpurascens Benth.; Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 686 (1835)
species :
Teucrium popovii R.A.King; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(1): 28 (1988)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Teucrium praepyrenaicum P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & J.B.Peris; Fl. Montiberica 82: 72 (2022)
Distribution: Spain (Huesca)
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium procerum Boiss. & Blume; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 4: 56 (1859)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel)
34 IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pictum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Fl. Orient. 4: 809 (1879)
species :
Teucrium proctorii L.O.Williams; Fieldiana, Bot. 34(8): 114 (1972), as ´protori´
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Teucrium pruinosum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 808 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRQ JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pruinosum var. aksarayense Dinç & Dogu; Modern Phytomorphol. 9: 15 (2016)
species :
Teucrium pseudaroanium Parolly, Erdag & Nordt; Willdenowia 37(1): 252 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium pseudochamaepitys L.; Sp. Pl. 562 (1753)
Name: Schmalblättriger Gamander
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys nissoliana (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium mauritanum L.; Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
= Teucrium nissolianum L.; Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
= Teucrium pseudochamaepitys var. glabrum Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 221 (1936)
= Teucrium pseudochamaepitys var. nissolianum (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 564 (1881)
= Teucrium pseudopitys Houtt.; Nat. Hist. II. 9: 274 (1778)
species :
Teucrium pseudoscorodonia Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 5. t. 119 (1798)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia algeriensis Raf.; Specchio Sci. 2: 171 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Scorodonia fontanesiana Ser.; Bull. Bot. 315 (1830)
= Scorodonia salviastrum Link; Handbuch 1: 458 (1829)
= Teucrium baeticum Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 98 (1852)
= Teucrium crispum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 304 (1874)
= Teucrium pseudoscorodonia var. baeticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 631 (1878)
= Teucrium pseudoscorodonia var. crispum (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Battandier &Trab.] Dicot.: 711 (1888)
= Teucrium scorodonia subsp. baeticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Tutin; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 262 (1972)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. baeticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 159 (1893)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. pseudoscorodonia (Desf.) Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 158 (1893)
species :
Teucrium puberulum (F.Muell.) Kattari & Bräuchler; Taxon 65(4): 818 (2016)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Spartothamnella puberula (F.Muell.) Maiden & Betche; Census New South Wales Pl. 177 (1916) 177 (1916)
= Spartothamnus puberulus F.Muell.; Wing, South. Sci. Record 2: 55 (1882), in obs
species :
Teucrium pugionifolium Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 1897: 199 (1897)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium webbianum subsp. pugionifolium (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 231 (1995)
species :
Teucrium pumilum L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 15 (1755)
Distribution: C- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: pumilum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys pumila (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium floccosum Coincy; J. Bot. (Morot) 8: 66 (1894)
= Teucrium pumilum subsp. floccosum (Coincy) Rivas Goday ex Rivas Mart. & Costa; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 27: 198 (1971)
species :
Teucrium pyrenaicum L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pyrenaicum
Distribution: NE-Spain (Pyrenees); SW-France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Monochilon reptans (Pourr.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 406 (1867)
= Polium pyrenaicum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 6 (1768)
= Teucrium hippolyti Sennen; Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 30: 43 (1931)
= Teucrium reptans Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 330 (1788)
= Teucrium saxatile Lam.; Encycl. 2: 699 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. guarensis P.Monts.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 37(2): 625 (1980 publ. 1981)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra
12 ADO SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pyrenaicum var. catalaunicum Sennen; Bull. Géogr. Bot. 21: 121 (1911)
species :
Teucrium qingyuanense D.L.Chen, Y.L.Xu & B.Y.Ding; Guihaia 41(1): 6 (2021)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium quadrifarium Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 108 (1825)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Sumatra
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium fortunei Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 583 (1848)
= Teucrium fulvoaureum H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 8: 426 (1910)
= Teucrium fulvum Hance; Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 270 (1852)
= Teucrium kouytchense H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 426 (1910)
= Teucrium quadrifarium var. kouytchense (H.Lév.) McKean; Notes Roy Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40(1): 188 (1982)
= Teucrium vestitum Wall. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 675 (1841), nom. inval.
species :
Teucrium racemosum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 504 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium racemosum var. polymorphum Tovey & P.Morris; Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria, n. s. 35: 89 (1922)
= Teucrium racemosum var. triflorum J.M.Black; Fl. S. Austral. 3: 486 (1986)
= Teucrium racemosum var. tripartitum Benth.; Fl. Austral. 5: 133 (1870)
species :
Teucrium radicans Bonnet & Barratte; Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Ill. Bot., tab. 14, fig. 1-8 (1895)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Teucrium ramaswamii M.B.Viswan. & Manik.; Nordic J. Bot. 27(2): 86 (2009)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Teucrium ramosissimum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 4. t. 118 (1798)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium ramosissimum var. getulum (Maire) Quézel & Santa; comb. inval.
= Teucrium saxatile var. getulum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 7: 275 (1916)
species :
Teucrium reidii Toelken & D.Dean Cunn.; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 22: 97 (2008)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium resupinatum Desf.; Fl. Atl. 2: 4 (1798)
Name: Zurückgebogener Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
11 ger 12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Scordium inerme Cav.; Anales Ci. Nat. 3: 60 (1801)
= Teucrium resupinatum var. xauense Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1928 no. 331, in sched. (1929)
species :
Teucrium rhodocalyx O.Schwartz; Fl. Trop. Arabien, Mitt. Inst. Allgem. Bot. Hamburg 10: 218 (1939)
Distribution: Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
species :
Teucrium rifanum (Maire & Sennen) T.Navarro & El Oualidi; Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 199 (1997)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium maroccanum Sennen & Mauricio; nom. nud.] [Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 94 (1933)
= Teucrium polium subvar. sennenianum Sauvage & Vindt; Botaniste 1967: 424 (1967)
= Teucrium polium var. rifanum Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 62 (1931)
= Teucrium rifeum Maire & Sennen; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 112, 133 (1936)
species :
Teucrium rigidum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 578 (1848)
Distribution: Iraq (Western Desert); Syria (Jazira); Jordania (E-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia)
34 IRQ JOR SYR 35 SAU
species :
Teucrium rivasii Rigual ex Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 81 (1985)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium var. rivasii (Rigual ex Greuter & Burdet) Rigual ex M.B.Crespo; Mem. Soc. Brot. 29: 121 (1993)
= Teucrium buxifolium subsp. rivasii (Rigual ex Greuter & Burdet) M.B.Crespo, Mateo & Güemes; Bol. Soc. Brot. 63: 125 (1990)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. glabrescens (Rigual) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium rivasii var. glabrescens Rigual; (1972) nom. inval.
species :
Teucrium rivas-martinezii Alcaraz, Garre, Mart.Parras & Peinado; Willdenowia 14(1): 135 (1984)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium rixanense Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.; Trab. Catedra Bot. 1: 19 (1974), without type, et in Bol. Estac. Central Ecol.,3(6): 31 (1974), with type
Distribution: S-Spain (Granada, Malaga)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium compactum subsp. rixanense (Ruíz Torre & Ruíz Cast.) Valdés Berm.; Acta Bot. Malacitana 4: 35 (1978 publ. 1979)
species :
Teucrium ronnigeri Sennen; Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 30(13): 47 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. ronnigeri
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium carthaginense var. angustifolium Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 444 (1898)
= Teucrium carthaginense var. latifolium Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 444 (1898)
= Teucrium ronnigeri f. pelliceri P.P.Ferrer; Roselló, M. B. Crespo & Guara, Fl. Montiberica 43: 45 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. lagunae (Roselló, Peris & Stübing) M.B.Crespo & P.P.Ferrer; Flora Montiber. 42: 77 (2009)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium lagunae Roselló, Peris & Stübing; Bol. Soc. Castellonense Cult. 78(3-4): 355 (2002)
species :
Teucrium roselloi Peris, P.P.Ferrer, A.Guillén, Gómez Nav. & E.Laguna; Flora Montiber. 82: 135 (2022)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium rotundifolium Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 42 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. rotundifolium
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melosmon rotundifolium (Schreb.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Teucrium cinereum Boiss.; Elench. 79 (1838)
= Teucrium granatense (Boiss.) Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 99 (1852)
= Teucrium granatense var. atlanticum Ball; Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball] 16: 633 (1878)
= Teucrium polium var. atlanticum (Ball) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 619 (1934)
= Teucrium pyrenaicum var. granatense Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 515 (1841)
= Teucrium rotundifolium subsp. granatense (Boiss. & Reut.) Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 185 (1935)
= Teucrium rotundifolium subsp. ruiziorum Fern.Casas; Candollea 30(2): 289 (1975) (nom. nov.)
= Teucrium rotundifolium subvar. parvulum Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(3): 30 (1925)
= Teucrium rotundifolium var. atlanticum (Ball) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 617 (1934)
= Teucrium rotundifolium var. purpurascens Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N.: 376 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. transatlanticum Emb. ex Greuter, Burdet & G.Long (eds.); Med-checklist 3: xxix (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium rouyanum H.J.Coste & Soulié; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 114 (1897)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium commune proles rouyanum (H.J.Coste & Soulié) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 243 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium commune var. flaviflorum (H.J.Coste) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 243 (1909)
= Teucrium commune var. pseudoaureum (H.J.Coste) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 243 (1909)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. flaviflorum H.J.Coste; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 40: 131 (1893)
= Teucrium gnaphalodes var. pseudoaureum H.J.Coste; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 40: 131 (1893)
= Teucrium polium subsp. rouyanum (H.J.Coste & Soulié) Braun-Blanq.; Cat. Fl. Aigoual: 268 (1933)
= Teucrium polium var. rouyanum (H.J.Coste & Soulié) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 814 (1937)
species :
Teucrium royleanum Wall.; Numer. List no. 2027, ex Benth., Pl. As. Rar. 1: 58 (1830)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Dir, Swat, Hazara, Murree); Nepal; NW-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttarakhand)
34 AFG 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium edelbergii Rech.f.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 1 (Symb. Afghan. 1.) 13 (1955)
species :
Teucrium rupestre Coss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 20: 259 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium sagittatum A.R.Bean; Muelleria 37: 15 (2018)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium salaminium Hadjik. & Hand; Candollea 66(2): 342 (2011)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Teucrium salviastrum Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 38 (1773)
Distribution: C-Portugal
12 POR
species :
Teucrium sandrasicum O.Schwarz; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 74: 115 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium sanguisorbifolium (Pau & Font Quer) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 62 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium rotundifolium var. sanguisorbifolium Pau & Font Quer; P. Font i Quer, Iter Marocc. 1930: no. 552 (1932)
= Teucrium rotundifolium subsp. sanguisorbifolium (Pau & Font Quer) Cohen; Trav. Inst. Sci. Chérifien, Sér. Bot. 9: 45 (1956)
species :
Teucrium santae Quézel & Simonn.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 50: 146 (1959)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Teucrium sauvagei Le Houér.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France cvii 101 (1960)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Remarks: polium agg.
species :
Teucrium scabrum Suddee & A.J.Paton; Kew Bull. 63(4): 675 (2009)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Teucrium schoenenbergeri Nabli; Bull. Soc. Bot. France Lett. Bot., 137(4-5): 314 (1990), for details of type see pages 311 & 313
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Teucrium scordium L.; Sp. Pl. 565 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. scordium
Name: Knoblauch-Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Ukraine; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Xinjiang); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, ?Punjab)
11 CZE GER HUN SLO 12 BAL CIS FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 24 ERI ETH 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 40 IND
Remarks: scordium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaedrys palustris (Lam.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 369 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Chamaedrys scordium (L.) Moench; Methodus: 384 (1794)
= Monochilon palustris (Lam.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 405 (1867)
= Scordium altaicum Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 95 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Scordium officinale Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 3: 443 (1849)
= Scordium palustre (Lam.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 138 (1869)
= Scordium procumbens Lag.; Elench. Pl.: 14 (1816)
= Teucrium abyssinicum Hochst. ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 586 (1848)
= Teucrium arenarium S.G.Gmel.; Reise Russland 1: 149 (1770)
= Teucrium caucasicum Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 708 (1825)
= Teucrium elongatum Menyh.; Kal. Vid. Növén.: 146 (1877)
= Teucrium palustre Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 411 (1779)
= Teucrium scordioides var. creticum Camerarius ex Wallr.; 224 (1840)
= Teucrium scordioides var. germanicum Wallr.; 224 (1840)
= Teucrium scordioides var. pannonicum Camerarius ex Wallr.; 224 (1840)
= Teucrium scordium proles brevifolium R.Uechtr. ex Velen.; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 7, 1(8): 35 (1886)
= Teucrium scordium f. submersum Glück; 194 (1911)
= Teucrium scordium subsp. palustre Gams; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5: 2531 (1927), nom. inval.
= Teucrium scordium var. camusianum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 237 (1909)
= Teucrium scordium var. microphyllum A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 202 (1850)
= Teucrium scordium var. sylvaticum Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 4: 18 (1829)
= Teucrium scordium var. villosum K.Koch; Linnaea 17: 301 (1844)
= Teucrium scordium var. virgatum K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 704 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. glabrescens (Murata) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 35 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Khyber, Chitral, Drosh); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium serratum var. glabrescens Murata; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 17: 75 (1958)
= Teucrium scordium var. glabrescens (Murata) Hedge & Lamond; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 147 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. scordioides (Schreb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 559 (1882)
Name: Südlicher Lauch-Gamander (DE); Water Germander (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; S-France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Bulgaria; European Turkey; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); China (Xinjiang); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Scordium scordioides (Schreb.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 138 (1869)
= Teucrium amplexicaule Wallr.; Linnaea 14: (1840) 594 (Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 224)
= Teucrium corbariense Pourr. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 565 (1881)
= Teucrium lanuginosum Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 84 (1809)
= Teucrium petkovii Urum.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 12: 221 (1913)
= Teucrium scordioides Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xxxvii (1773)
= Teucrium scordioides var. lanuginosum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 565 (1881)
= Teucrium scordium subsp. scordioides (Schreb.) Maire & Petitm.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy ser. 3, 9: 411 (1908), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. serratum (Benth.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 34 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Laghman, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium scordium var. serratum (Benth.) Hedge & Lamond; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 146 (1968)
= Teucrium serratum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 586 (1848)
species :
Teucrium scorodonia L.; Sp. Pl. 564 (1753)
Name: Salbei-Gamander (DE), Woodland germander (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark [I]; Norway; Sweden [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Tennessee [I])
10 den GRB IRE NOR swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO ITA KOS SIC SLV SRB 20 TUN 21 AZO MDR 51 nzl 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: scorodonia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Monochilon cordifolius Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 406 (1867)
= Scorodonia heteromalla Moench; Methodus: 384 (1794)
= Scorodonia scorodonia (L.) H.Karst.; Deut. Fl.: 1016 (1883), nom. inval.
= Scorodonia solitaria Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 374 (1812)
= Scorodonia sylvestris (Lam.) Link; Handbuch 1: 458 (1829)
= Scorodonia trivialis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Scorodonia vulgaris Raf.; Specchio Sci. 2: 171 (1814)
= Teucrium salviifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 76 (1796)
= Teucrium scorodonia subsp. gasparrinii Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 564 (1881), nom. nud.
= Teucrium scorodonia subsp. sylvestre (Lam.) Gams; 2536 (1927)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. bracteatum Döll; 377 (1843)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. crispum Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 5: 49 (1917)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. dentatum Bab.; 237 (1843)
= Teucrium sylvestre Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 412 (1779)
species :
Teucrium semrae Aksoy, Dirmenci & Özcan; Turkish J. Bot. 44: 326, figs. 4-7 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium serpylloides Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 36 (1940)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium sessiliflorum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 12: 580 (1848)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium trifidum Schltdl.; Linnaea 20: 609 (1847), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium shanicum Mukerjee; Notes Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 19: 306 (1938)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin, Shan)
41 MYA
species :
Teucrium siculum (Raf.) Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 837 (1845)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Greece
13 GRC ITA SIC
Remarks: scorodonia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorodonia sicula Raf.; Specchio Sci. 2: 171 (1814)
= Teucrium arcimusci Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 447 (1909)
= Teucrium euganeum Vis.; Ind. Semt. Hort. Patav. (1836) ex Walp. Rep. 3: 923
= Teucrium scorodonia subsp. euganeum (Vis.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 558 (1882)
= Teucrium scorodonia subsp. siculum (Raf.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 564 (1881)
= Teucrium scorodonia var. euganeum (Vis.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 564 (1881)
= Teucrium siculum subsp. euganeum (Vis.) Tornad.; Pl. Biosystems 138: 152 (2004)
species :
Teucrium similatum T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45(2): 583 (1990)
Distribution: S- & E-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium simplex Vaniot; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 14: 186 (1904)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium sirnakense Özcan & Dirmenci; Turkish J. Bot. 39(2): 312 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium socinianum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 818 (1879)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium yebrudi Zohary ex Post; Pl. Post. 2: 15 (1892)
species :
Teucrium socotranum Vierh.; Denkschr. Akad. Wien, Math. Nat. 71: 436 (1907)
Distribution: Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium petiolare Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 92 (1883), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium petiolare var. pubescens Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 407 (1884)
species :
Teucrium somalense Ryding; Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(2): 217 (1998)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Teucrium spinosum L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
Name: Dorniger Gamander (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Portugal; SW-Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert)
11 ger 12 POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Scorbion spinosum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 85 (1837)
= Scordium spinosum (L.) Cav.; Icon. 1: 19 (1791)
= Scorodonia spinosa (L.) Link; Handbuch 1: 458 (1829)
= Teucrium mucronatum L.; Sp. Pl. 566 (1753)
species :
Teucrium stachyophyllum P.H.Davis; Notes Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 48 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Palestine; Jordania
34 ISR JOR LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium lamiifolium subsp. stachyophyllum (P.H.Davis) Hedge & Ekim; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(1): 59 (1980)
species :
Teucrium stocksianum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 4: 58 (1859) et Fl. 4: 821 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. stocksianum
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan)
34 IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium stocksianum var. glandulosum Freitag; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 356 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. incanum (Aitch. & Hemsl.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 29 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Kurram, Khyber, Chitral, Swat)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium incanum Aitch. & Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 184 (1882)
= Teucrium incanum subsp. nuristanicum Kamelin & Gubanov; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 88(6): 84 (1983)
= Teucrium stocksianum var. incanum Hedge & Lamond; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 149 (1968)
= Teucrium toppinii Dunn & R.S.Williams; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 122 (1921)
subspecies :
subsp. patulum (Hedge & Lamond) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 150: 29 (1982)
Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan)
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium stocksianum var. patulum Hedge & Lamond; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 148 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. stenophyllum R.A.King; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(1): 32 (1988)
Distribution: United Arab Emirates; Oman
35 OMA UAE
species :
Teucrium subspinosum Pourr. ex Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 596 (1809)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca, Cabrera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium marum f. subspinosum (Pourr. ex Willd.) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 2: 325 (1922)
= Teucrium marum subsp. spinescens (Porta) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 91 (1983), isonym
= Teucrium marum subsp. spinescens (Porta) Valdés Berm.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 38(1): 262 (1981)
= Teucrium marum subsp. subspinosum (Pourr. ex Willd.) O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts.; Acta Geobot. Barcinon. 5: 51 (1970)
= Teucrium marum var. spinescens Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 315 (1887)
= Teucrium marum var. subspinosum (Pourr. ex Willd.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 442 (1894)
= Teucrium subspinosum subsp. spinescens (Porta) Romo; Fl. Silvestres Baleares: 253 (1994)
= Teucrium subspinosum var. spinescens (Porta) Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 14: 136 (1914)
species :
Teucrium taiwanianum T.H.Hsieh & T.C.Huang; Taiwania 41(2): 86 (1996)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Teucrium tananicum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 23: 210 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium taoshanense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 5: 408 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Teucrium teinense Kudô; J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 43: 6 (1921)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium veronicoides var. brachytricum Ohwi; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 33: 84 (1953)
species :
Teucrium terciae (Sánchez-Gómez, M.A.Carrión & A.Hern.) Sánchez-Gómez, M.A.Carrión & A.Hern.; Anales Biol., Fac. Biol., Univ. Murcia 25: 112 (2003)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium var. terciae Sánchez-Gómez, M.A.Carrión & A.Hern.; Anales Biol., Fac. Biol., Univ. Murcia 24: 213 (2002)
species :
Teucrium teresanum Blanca, Cueto & J.Fuentes; Nordic J. Bot. 35: 14 (2017 publ. 2016)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium teucriiflorum (F.Muell.) Kattari & Salmaki; Taxon 65(4): 818 (2016)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Spartothamnella teucriiflora (F.Muell.) Moldenke; Phytologia 1: 430 (1940)
= Spartothamnus teucriiflorus F.Muell.; Wing, South. Sci. Record 2: 55 (1882)
species :
Teucrium thieleanum B.J.Conn; Telopea 11(2): 135 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Teucrium thymifolium Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 50 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. thymifolium
Distribution: E-, C- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium subsp. thymifolium (Schreb.) Fern.Casas; Trab. Dept. Bot. Univ. Granada 1: 37 (1972)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. diversifolium Pau ex Vicioso; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., Secc. Biol. 16: 141 (1916)
= Teucrium buxifolium var. petrophyllum Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(3): 31 (1925), pro syn.
= Teucrium buxifolium var. thymifolium (Schreb.) Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(3): 31 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. fraternum (Pau) M.B.Crespo, M.Á.Alonso & Mart.-Azorín; Pl. Biosystems 152(5): 1081, figs. 2-3 (2018)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium buxifolium var. fraternum Pau; Cavanillesia 1: 66 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. hervieri (Briq. & Debeaux) M.B.Crespo, M.Á.Alonso & Mart.-Azorín; Pl. Biosystems 152(5): 1084, figs. 2, 4 (2018)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium hervieri Briq. & Debeaux; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 15: 118 (1905)
= Teucrium moleromesae Sánchez-Gómez, T.Navarro, J.F.Jiménez, J.B.Vera, Mota & del Río; Phytotaxa 151(1): 59 (2013)
species :
Teucrium thymoides Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 112 (1874)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: polium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. thymoides (Pomel) Batt.; Batt. & L. C. Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 714 (1890)
species :
Teucrium townsendii Vasey & Rose; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 12: 146 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. townsendii
Distribution: Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Clarion)
79 RGI
variant :
var. dentosum I.M.Johnst.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., IV 20: 90 (1931)
Distribution: +Revillagigedos Isl. (+Isla San Benedicto)
79 RGI
subspecies :
subsp. affine (Brandegee) Moran; Levin & Moran, Vasc. Fl. Isla Socorro, Mexico (Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 16): 44 (1989)
Distribution: Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro)
79 RGI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium affine Brandegee; Erythea 7: 6 (1899)
species :
Teucrium trifidum Retz.; Obs. 1: 21 (1779)
Distribution: Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 BOT LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga capensis (Thunb.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 109 (1806)
= Teucrium capense Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 95 (1800)
species :
Teucrium tsinlingense C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 334 (1965)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi)
36 CHI
variant :
var. porphyreum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 335 (1965)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
species :
Teucrium turcicum Ceçen & Özcan; Turk. J. Bot. 45: 356 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Teucrium turredanum Losa & Rivas Goday; Anal. Inst. Bot. Cav. 25: 204 (1969)
Distribution: SE-Spain (NE of Almeria)
12 SPA
Remarks: pumilum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium pumilum subsp. turredanum (Losa & Rivas Goday) Fern.Casas; Trab. Dept. Bot. Univ. Granada 1: 37 (1979)
species :
Teucrium ussuriense Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 30: 208 (1931 publ. 1932)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hebei, Liaoning, Shanxi)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium japonicum var. continentale Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manshur.: 388 (1939)
species :
Teucrium valentinum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 46 (1774)
subspecies :
subsp. valentinum
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. valentinum (Schreb.) P.P.Ferrer, E.Laguna, Roselló, Gómez Nav., A.Guillén & Peris; Flora Montiber. 59: 61 (2015)
= Teucrium polium var. valentinum (Schreb.) Maire
= Teucrium valentinum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 46 (1774)
variant :
var. spicatum (Loscos & J.Pardo) P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 57 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium capitatum var. spicatum Loscos & J.Pardo; Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon. 86 (1863)
subspecies :
subsp. gracillimum (Rouy) P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 57 (2024)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. gracillimum (Rouy) Valdés Berm.; Acta Bot. Malac. 4: 40 (1978 publ. 1979)
= Teucrium capitatum var. gracillimum Rouy; Naturaliste 4(3): 21 (1882)
= Teucrium capitatum var. nevadense Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 150 (1936)
= Teucrium polium var. gracillimum (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 3: 239 (1995)
= Teucrium pycnophyllum Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: xlviii (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. majoricum (Rouy) P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 57 (2024)
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium capitatum subsp. majoricum (Rouy) T.Navarro & Rosua; Candollea 45(2): 586 (1990)
= Teucrium majoricum Rouy; La Natura. 2: (1882) (Mater. Rev. Fl. Portug. 11, 15)
= Teucrium pii-fontii (P.Palau) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15: 80 (1985)
= Teucrium pii-fontii (Palau) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 15(1): 80 (1985)
= Teucrium polium f. majoricum (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium f. pii-fontii (P.Palau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 92 (1983)
= Teucrium polium subsp. pii-fontii P.Palau; Anales Inst. Bot. Cav. 11(2): 487 (1953)
= Teucrium polium var. pii-fontii (P.Palau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 3: 239 (1995)
= Teucrium valentinum var. ibicensis Pau; Brotéria, Ci. Nat. 3: 61 (1934), nom. inval.
= Teucrium willkommii Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 315 (1887)
species :
Teucrium veronicoides Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 23: 388 (1877)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hunan, Liaoning, Sichuan, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium nipponicum Makino ex Kudô; Mem. Fac. Sci. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 291 (1929)
species :
Teucrium vesicarium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 17 (1768)
Distribution: New Caledonia [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I], Vava´u [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (Savai´i [I]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Córdoba, Magdalena); Venezuela (Falcon, Lara); Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Montevideo, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe)
60 fij nue nwc sam ton 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium hirtum Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 710 (1825), nom. inval.
= Teucrium inflatum Sw.; Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 88 (1788)
= Teucrium mollifolium Larrañaga; Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 1: 24 (1922)
= Teucrium palustre Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 306 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Teucrium picardae Krug & Urb.; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 1: 396 (1899)
= Teucrium tenuipes Epling; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 12: 119 (1925)
= Teucrium vesicarium var. palustre Epling; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 85: 3 (1935)
= Teucrium villosum G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 43 (1786)
species :
Teucrium vincentinum Rouy; La Natural. 2: (1882) (Mater. Rev. Fl. Portug. 9)
Distribution: SW-Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. vincentinum (Rouy) D.Wood; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 65: 261 (1972)
= Teucrium polium subsp. vincentinum (Rouy) Malag.; Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 24 (1973), isonym
species :
Teucrium viscidum Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 827 (1826)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; South Korea; Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; C-Sumatra; Philippines (Luzon); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Timor); New Guinea
36 CHI TIB 38 KOR TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI NWG PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Melissa inodora Hassk.; Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 10: 127 (1843)
= Teucrium melissifolium Noronha; Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 27 (1790), nom. inval.
= Teucrium philippinense Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot. 7: 100 (1912)
= Teucrium stoloniferum Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 44 (1814), Fl. Ind. 3: 3 (1832)
= Teucrium viscidum var. densiflorum Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 991 (1859)
variant :
var. leiocalyx C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 332 (1965)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. longibracteatum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 332 (1965)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. macrostephanum C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin: 10: 333 (1965)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. miquelianum (Maxim.) H.Hara; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 145 (1937)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium miquelianum (Maxim.) Kudô; J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 43: 8 (1921)
= Teucrium stoloniferum var. miquelianum Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 23: 387 (1877)
variant :
var. nepetoides (H.Lév.) C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 331 (1965)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium nepetoides H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 450 (1910)
species :
Teucrium wattii Prain; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 59(2): 317 (1890)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur); Myanmar
40 IND 41 MYA
species :
Teucrium webbianum Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 78 (1838)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. angustifolium Webb; Iter Hispan.: 23 (1838)
= Teucrium dentatum Porta & Rigo; Atti Imp. Regia Accad. Rovereto, II 9: 55 (1891)
= Teucrium multiflorum var. angustifolium (Webb) Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 64 (1922)
= Teucrium webbianum f. cinerascens Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 266 (1936)
= Teucrium webbianum f. linearifolium Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 35 (1936)
= Teucrium webbianum var. dentatum (Porta & Rigo) Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 159 (1893)
species :
Teucrium werneri Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 185 (1935)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium wightii Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 701 (1885)
Distribution: China (Guangdong); S-India (Tamil Nadu); Thailand; N-Sumatra
36 CHI 40 IND 41 THA 42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium tomentosum Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: t. 1458 (1849), nom. illeg.
species :
Teucrium yemense Deflers; Voy. Yemen 190 (1889)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen)
24 DJI ETH SOM SUD 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium spicastrum Hedge & A.G.Mill.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(2): 191 (1977)
species :
Teucrium zaianum Emb. & Maire; Pl. Marocc. Nov. 7: 7 (1929)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Teucrium zanonii Pamp.; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 24: 153 (1917)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium polium subsp. zanonii (Pamp.) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 298 (1939)
= Teucrium polium var. pampaninianum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 297 (1939)
= Teucrium polium var. syrticum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 297 (1939)
= Teucrium polium var. tripolitanum Pamp.; Piantae Tripol.: 222 (1914)
species :
Teucrium ×alexeenkoanum Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 20: 506 (1954)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan)
33 NCS
Remarks: Teucrium canum Fisch. & C. A. Mey. x Teucrium nuchense K. Koch
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium chamaedrys var. pubescens N.P.Popov; Fl. Caucas. Crit. 4(3): 57 (1916)
species :
Teucrium ×alrumanae M.B.Crespo & J.C.Cristóbal; Flora Montiber. 68: 5 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium ronnigeri x thymifolium
species :
Teucrium ×alvarezii Alcaraz; Sánchez-Gómez, Torre & S. Ríos, Datos Veg. Murcia: 144 (1991)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. capitatum x murcicum
species :
Teucrium ×arenicola M.B.Crespo & Camuñas; Flora Montiber. 68: 6 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui x dunense
species :
Teucrium ×badiae Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 230 (1912)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aragonense x aureum
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium ×costei Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 230 (1912)
species :
Teucrium ×bergadense Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 214 (1912)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aragonense x polium
species :
Teucrium ×bubanii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 229 (1912)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x chamaedrys
species :
Teucrium ×carmelitanum Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, A.Guillén, Gómez Nav., Peris & E.Laguna; Flora Montiber. 55: 102 (2013)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum x muletii
species :
Teucrium ×carvalhoae A.F.Carrillo, A.Hern., Coy, Güemes & Sánchez-Gómez; Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 221 (1997)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium balthazaris x capitatum ssp. gracillimum
species :
Teucrium ×castrense Verg.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 608 (1909)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Teucrium montanum x polium
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium ×castrense var. schreberi Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 248 (1909)
= Teucrium ×castrense var. verguinii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 248 (1909)
species :
Teucrium ×coeleste Schreb.; Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 49 (1774)
subspecies :
subsp. coeleste
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium angustissimum x capitatum ssp. gracillimum
subspecies :
subsp. schreberi P.P.Ferrer, E.Laguna, Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 68: 37 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium angustissimum x capitatum
species :
Teucrium ×conquense M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Flora Medit. 1: 197 (1991) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. conquense
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum x gnaphalodes
subspecies :
subsp. siyasense A.F.Carrillo & Sánchez-Gómez; Acta Bot. Malacitana 21: 285 (1996) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x gnaphalodes
subspecies :
subsp. stuebingii P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, A.Guillén, E.Laguna, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 53: 38 (2012) [nothossp.]
Distribution:
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x gnaphalodes ssp. jaennense
species :
Teucrium ×contejeani Giraudias; Bull. Soc. etud. sci. Angers (1888) 16, et 52 (1889)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium montanum x pyrenaicum
species :
Teucrium ×corbinii P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 135 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium ×delatorrei M.B.Crespo & M.A.Alonso; Flora Montiber. 68: 7 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium dunense x ronnigeri
species :
Teucrium ×djebalicum Font Quer; Cavanillesia 7: 76 (1935)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Teucrium pseudoscorodonia x salviastrum var. rubriflorum
species :
Teucrium ×eloualidii P.Sánchez Gömez & T.Navarro; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 57(1): 167 (1999)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium freynii x lanigerum
species :
Teucrium ×estevei Alcaraz, Sánchez-Gómez & J.S.Carrion; Lazaroa 9: 26 (1986 publ. 1988)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x libanitis
species :
Teucrium ×gnaphaureum M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Flora Medit. 1: 197 (1991)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x gnaphalodes
species :
Teucrium ×guarae-requenae P.P.Ferrer, E.Laguna, Gómez Nav., Roselló & Peris; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 31: 30 (2012)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium gnaphalodes x homotrichum
species :
Teucrium ×guemesii J.F.Jiménez, A.F.Carrillo, M.A.Carrión, Sánchez-Gómez & T.Navarro; Acta Bot. Malacitana 24: 205 (1999)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui ssp. fontqueri x lanigerum
species :
Teucrium ×gutierrezii Rubí; Phytotaxa 609(1): 47 (2023)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium eriocephalum ssp. almeriense x lusitanicum
species :
Teucrium ×jaragueense P.P.Ferrer, R.Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Peris; Flora Montiber. 88: 56 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium ×lucentinum M.B.Crespo, M.A.Alonso, Camuñas & J.C.Cristóbal; Flora Montiber. 68: 8 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium murcicum x ronnigeri
species :
Teucrium ×maestracense M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Flora Medit. 1: 200 (1991)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x expassum
species :
Teucrium ×mailhoi Giraudias Giraudias; Bull. Soc. Études Sci. Angers 1890: 56 (1890) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. mailhoi
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x pyrenaicum ssp. pyrenaicum
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis I.Soriano & Aymerich; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 30: 103 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x pyrenaicum ssp. guarensis
species :
Teucrium ×mateoi Solanas, M.B.Crespo & De la Torre; An. Biol. Fac. Biol. Univ. Murcia 19: 80 (1993)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui ssp. carolipaui x homotrichum
species :
Teucrium ×motae Lahora & Sánchez-Gómez; Acta Bot. Malac. 35: 205 (2012)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui ssp. fontqueri x murcicum
species :
Teucrium ×mugronense P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, Gómez Nav. & Guara; Sabuco 8: 74 (2011)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x expassum
species :
Teucrium ×murcigerum De Juan, Mart.-Azorín, M.B.Crespo & M.Á.Alonso; Phytotaxa 584(1): 34 (2023)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium lanigerum x murcicum
species :
Teucrium ×navarroi Sánchez-Gómez, Güemes, A.F.Carrillo, Coy & A.Hern.; Acta Bot. Malacitana 21: 285 (1996)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium rivas-martinezii x thymifolium
species :
Teucrium ×ochroleucum Jord.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 349 (1851)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Teucrium aureum x montanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium montanum subvar. ochroleucum (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 566 (1881)
= Teucrium ×cebennense Coste & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 41: 582 (1894)
= Teucrium ×gautieri Foucaud ex H.J.Coste & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 41: 581 (1894)
= Teucrium ×ochroleucum var. cebennense (H.J.Coste & Sennen) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 247 (1909)
= Teucrium ×ochroleucum var. gautieri (Foucaud ex H.J.Coste & Sennen) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 247 (1909)
species :
Teucrium ×pierae Gómez Nav., P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, A.Guillén, E.Laguna & Peris; Acta Bot. Malac. 38: 165 (2013)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium expassum x gnaphalodes
species :
Teucrium ×portusmagni Sánchez-Gómez, A.F.Carrillo, A.Hern. & T.Navarro; Acta Bot. Malacitana 24: 205 (1999)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x freynii
species :
Teucrium ×pseudoaragonense M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Flora Medit. 1: 200 (1991)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium angustissimum x expassum
species :
Teucrium ×pseudothymifolium Sánchez-Gómez, Güemes & A.F.Carrillo; Acta Bot. Malacitana 21: 283 (1996)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium rotundifolium x thymifolium
species :
Teucrium ×pujolii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 11: 214 (1912)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium aragonense x chamaedrys
species :
Teucrium ×rigualii De la Torre & Alcaraz; Acta Bot. Malacitana 17: 138 (1992)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui ssp. carolipaui x libanitis
species :
Teucrium ×riosii De la Torre & Alcaraz; Acta Bot. Malacitana 17: 136 (1992)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x carolipaui ssp. carolipaui
species :
Teucrium ×riverae De la Torre & Alcaraz; Acta Bot. Malacitana 17: 137 (1992)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x dunense
species :
Teucrium ×robledoi De la Torre & Alcaraz; Acta Bot. Malacitana 17: 136 (1992)
subspecies :
subsp. robledoi
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x homotrichum
subspecies :
subsp. serralaligae Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 59: 92 (2015) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium ×rubrovirens Pau; Iter Marocc. 1927: 516 (1928)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum x huotii
Synonyms: hidden
= Teucrium haenseleri var. rubrovirens Pau; Iter Marocc. 1927: 516 (1928)
species :
Teucrium ×sagarrae Font Quer; Ill. Fl. Occid.: 7 (1926)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium carolipaui x lepicephalum
species :
Teucrium ×scorolepis Pajarón & A.Molina; Fontqueria 27: 163 (1989)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium oxylepis x scorodonia
species :
Teucrium ×sucronicum Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, A.Guillén, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & Peris; Flora Montiber. 83: 61 (2022)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. carreteroi Roselló, P.P.Ferrer, A.Guillén, Gómez Nav., E.Laguna & Peris; Flora Montiber. 83: 62 (2022)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Teucrium ×turianum M.B.Crespo, P.P.Ferrer, Roselló, M.A.Alonso, Juan & E.Laguna; Flora Montiber. 58: 70 (2014)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium capitatum ssp. gracillimum x edetanum
species :
Teucrium ×vallbonense M.B.Crespo, M.A.Alonso, Camuñas & J.C.Cristóbal; Flora Montiber. 68: 9 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Teucrium dunense x edetanum
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life