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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.9437 Genus Tordylium L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 239 (1753)
Distribution: Europe, N-Africa, W- and SW-Asia; 1 Caucasus, Middle Asia
Species listed in database: 16
= Condylocarpus Hoffm.; Gen Umb. ed. II. 202 (1816)
= Hasselquistia L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 9 (1755), Amoen. Acad. 4: 270 (1759)
species :
Tordylium aegaeum Runemark; Bot. Notiser 121: 253 (1968)
Name: Ägäischer Zirmet (DE); Aegaean Hartwort (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Symi, Tilos, Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
species :
Tordylium aegyptiacum (L.) Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 2: t. 193 (1792)
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Turkey (SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 CYP IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hasselquistia aegyptiaca L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 9 (1755)
= Hasselquistia orientalis L.; Mant. 2: 217 (1771)
= Hasselquistia pinnata Moench; Methodus 78 (1794)
= Tordylium aegyptiacum (L.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 711 (1806), isonym
= Tordylium hasselquistia Crantz; Cl. Umbell. Emend.: 57 (1767)
variant :
var. palaestinum (Zohary) Zohary; Fl. Palaestina. 2: 442 (1972)
Distribution: Israel; Palestine
34 ISR PAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Tordylium palaestinum Zohary; Palest. J. Bot., J. Ser. 2: 171 (1941)
species :
Tordylium apulum L.; Sp. Pl. 239 (1753)
Name: Apulische Zirmet (DE); Mediterranean Hartwort (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Menorca); France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (very widespread); Crete (incl. Gavdos); Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos, Kastellorhizo Isl.); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Syria (NW-Syria); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY TUN 34 CYP EAI SYR TUR 50 aus 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Condylocarpus apulus (L.) Hoffm.; Gen Umb. ed. II. 203 (1816)
= Condylocarpus humilis (Desf.) W.D.J.Koch; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12(1): 87 (1824)
= Pastinaca apula (L.) Koso-Pol.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, no. s. 29: 113 (1915 publ. 1916)
= Tordylium apulum var. heterocarpum Heldr. ex Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 634 (1901)
= Tordylium concinnum Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol., App. 4: 11 (1835)
= Tordylium elatum Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 14 (1883)
= Tordylium grandiflorum Moench; Methodus 78 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Tordylium humile Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 235. t. 58 (1798)
= Tordylium insulare E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 3: 337 (1813)
= Tordylium intermedium Pass.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 3: 167 (1871)
= Tordylium ragusinum Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 13 (1883)
= Tordylium rugosulum Gand.; Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 13 (1883)
species :
Tordylium brachytaenium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 45 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Tordylium cappadocicum Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 1: 349 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz); Kuwait
34 IRN TUR 35 KUW SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Tordylium persicum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 2: 1032 (1872)
species :
Tordylium ebracteatum Al-Eisawi & Jury; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 97: 401 (1988)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Tordylium hasselquistiae DC.; Prodr. 4: 198 (1830)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Tordylium hirtocarpum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 159 (1897)
Distribution: Greece (C-Kiklades); SE-Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Karpathos); Turkey (W-Anatolia)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
species :
Tordylium ketenoglui H.Duman & A.Duran; Edinburgh J. Bot. 56(1): 51 (1999)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tordylium lanatum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 1030 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hasselquistia lanata Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 1: 347 (1844)
species :
Tordylium macropetalum Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 1: 348 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Tordylium maximum L.; Sp. Pl. 240 (1753)
Name: Große Zirmet (DE)
Distribution: England; Belgium [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Hessen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread in mainland, Samothraki); Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran); Cyprus (W-Cyprus); Argentina [I]
10 GRB 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN SLO swi 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY MLD UKR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Caucalis maxima (L.) Vest; Man. Bot.: 492 (1805)
= Heracleum tordylium Spreng.; Sp. Umbell.: 49 (1818)
= Pastinaca maxima (L.) Koso-Pol.; Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 8: 115 (1922)
= Pastinaca tordylium (Spreng.) Calest.; Martelli, Webbia 1: 247 (1905), nom. nov.
= Selinum tordyliastrum E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland. ed. 2, 12: 140 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Tordylium grande Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 160 (1796)
= Tordylium lusitanicum Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 2: 389 (1834)
= Tordylium magnum Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 450 (1804)
= Tordylium maximum f. intermedium (Pass.) Thell.; 1463 (1926)
= Tordylium maximum var. naudinianum Debeaux; Rech. Fl. Pyr. Or.: 52 (1878)
= Tordylium maximum var. rubripetalum Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1927: no. 6084 (1928), nom. nud.
species :
Tordylium officinale L.; Sp. Pl. 239 (1753)
Distribution: ?Spain; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (widespread in mainland); W-Crete
13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SLV TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Condylocarpus officinalis (L.) W.D.J.Koch; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 12: I. 87 (1824)
= Pastinaca officinalis (L.) Calest.; Martelli, Webbia 1: 247 (1905)
= Pimpinella dissecta Sieber ex C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 504 (1845), nom. inval.
= Seseli creticum C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 504 (1845)
= Tordylium microspermum Ten. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 198 (1830)
species :
Tordylium pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 45 (1849)
Name: Pestalozza-Zirmet (DE); Pestalozzas Hartwort (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Symi, Tilos, Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Tordylium pustulosum Boiss.; Fl. Suppl. 268 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Tordylium syriacum L.; Sp. Pl. 239 (1753)
Name: Syrische Zirmet (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
11 ger 34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hasselquistia syriaca (L.) Boiss.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 1: 346 (1844)
= Tordylium divaricatum Moench; Methodus 77 (1794)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life