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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22194; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br., M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele, Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae J.Hess, Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll., Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett, Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Lotaceae Oken, Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br., M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke, Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl., Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken, Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.9001 Genus Trifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 764 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical regions, except Australia; mainly temp. N-Hemisphere, but also in tropical upland and montane regions
Species listed in database: 281; hybrids: 7
= Amarenus C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 46 (1830)
= Amoria C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 45 (1830)
= Bobrovia A.P.Khokhr., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 31: 137 (1998)
= Calycomorphum C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Chrysaspis Desv., Fl. Anjou 338 (1827)
= Dactiphyllon Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 268 (1818)
= Falcatula Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 160, t. 68 (1801)
= Galearia C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 49 (1830) nec Zoll. & Moritzi
= Kentia Adans., Fam. 2: 508 (1763)
= Lagopus Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf.: 229 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Lagopus Hill, Brit. Herb. 307 (1756)
= Lojaconoa Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1597 in clavi, 1598 (1967)
= Loxospermum Hochst., Flora, 29: 594 (1846)
= Lupinaster Fabr., Enum. Meth. Pl. 171 (1759)
= Micrantheum C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Microphyton Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Mistyllus C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 49 (1830)
= Ochreata (Lojac.) Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1597 in clavi, 1598 (1967)
= Paramesus C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 45 (1830)
= Pentaphyllon Pers., Syn. 2: 352 (1807)
= Triphylloides Moench, Methodus 509 (1794)
= Ursia Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 133 (1979)
= Ursifolium Doweld, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 108(4): 78 (2003)
= Xerosphaera Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
species :
Trifolium absconditum Molinari; Scientifica 2016(Article ID 5435781): 4, fig. 3 (2016)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Trifolium abyssinicum D.Heller; Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 211 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium calocephalum Fresen., Flora, 22: 50 (1839)
= Loxospermum calocephalum (Fresen.) Hochst., Flora, 29: 595 (1846)
species :
Trifolium acaule Steud. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 169 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Uganda
24 ETH 25 KEN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium petitianum var. cuneatum Baker fil., Legum. Trop. Africa: 78 (1926)
species :
Trifolium acutiflorum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, 18(3): 61 (1922)
Distribution: +Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Trifolium affine C.Presl; Symb. Bot. 1: 54 (1831)
Name: Ägäischer Hasenklee (DE); Aegaean Hare´s-foot Clover (EN)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 BUL GRC 34 EAI TUR
species :
Trifolium africanum Ser.; DC. Prod. 2: 200 (1825)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Botswana; Namibia
27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster africanus (Ser.) Eckl. & Zeyh., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 223 (1836)
= Lupinaster hirsutus C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 482 (1845)
= Trifolium africanum var. glabellum (E.Mey.) Harv., Fl. Cap. 2: 159 (1862)
= Trifolium burchellianum var. africanum (Ser.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 73 (1898)
= Trifolium hirsutum Thunb.sec E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 91 (1836)
= Trifolium hirsutum var. glabellum E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 91 (1836)
= Trifolium lasiocephalum Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 262 (1822)
variant :
var. lydenburgense J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 7: 380 (1952)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
species :
Trifolium aintabense Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 2: 140 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Mistyllus aintabensis (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium vesiculosum ssp. aintabense (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 42: 212 (1892)
species :
Trifolium albopurpureum Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 313 (1838)
Name: Rancheria clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albopurpureum f. argillorum (Jeps.) Jeps., L. F. McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 211 (1910)
= Trifolium albopurpureum var. neolagopus (Lojac.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 209 (1910)
= Trifolium columbinum var. argillorum Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 307 (1901)
= Trifolium dichotomum f. petrophilum (A.Heller) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 221 (1910)
= Trifolium helleri P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 9: 25 (1913)
= Trifolium insularum P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 9: 29 (1913)
= Trifolium macraei var. albopurpureum (Torr. & A.Gray) Greene, Fl. Francisc.: 26 (1891)
= Trifolium neolagopus Lojac., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 194 (1883)
= Trifolium olivaceum var. griseum Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 546 (1925)
= Trifolium petrophilum Greene ex A.Heller, Muhlenbergia, 2: 298 (1907)
= Trifolium pseudoalbopurpureum P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 9: 20 (1913)
variant :
var. columbinum (Greene) D.J.Keil; Phytologia 101(2): 132 (2019)
Distribution: W-USA
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium olivaceum f. columbinum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 213, pl. 86 (1910)
= Trifolium olivaceum var. columbinum (Greene) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 546 (1925)
= Trifolium columbinum Greene, Pittonia 1: 4 (1887)
species :
Trifolium alexandrinum L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 25 (1755)
Name: Alexandriner Klee, Ägyptischer Klee (DE), Egyptian clover (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I]); Morocco[I]; Algeria[I]; Tunisia[I]; Libya[I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Greece [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Crete [I]; Baleares [I]; Sardinia [I]; Sicily [I]; Italy [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; China [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], Tasmania [I]); Java [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]; Germany [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); Hungary [I]
11 ger hun 12 bal cis por sar spa 13 grc ita kri sic 20 alg EGY lby mor tun 21 azo 26 zim 27 saf 33 geo 34 IRN IRQ LEB SIN SYR TUR 36 chi 40 ind pak 42 jaw 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albiceps Ehrenb. ex Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 137 (1830)
= Trifolium alexandrinum ssp. serotinum (Zohary & Lerner) P.Silva, Agron. Lusit., 35(4): 299 (1974), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium alexandrinum var. madarensae Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium alexandrinum var. serotinum Zohary & Lerner, Zohary Fl. Palaestina, 2: 45 7 (1972), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium alpestre L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1082 (1763)
Name: Hügel-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Hungary; Poland; Romania; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran)
10 DEN 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alpestre f. bicefala Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium alpestre f. glabratum (C.Klinggr.) Gams, 1346 (1923)
= Trifolium alpestre f. heterofoliolata Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium alpestre f. lanigerum (Ser.) Bolzon, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 20: 327 (1913)
= Trifolium alpestre f. monostachyum (Ser.) Cincovic, Fl. SR Srbije. 4: 462 (1972)
= Trifolium alpestre ssp. lanigerum (Ser.) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulg., ed. 3: 665 (1948)
= Trifolium alpestre subf.monostachyum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 194 (1825)
= Trifolium alpestre var. albiflorum C.Lucas, 19 (1868)
= Trifolium alpestre var. bicolor Rchb., 495 (1832)
= Trifolium alpestre var. davidovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium alpestre var. distachyum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 194 (1825)
= Trifolium alpestre var. durmitoreum Rohlena, Sitzb. Böhm. Ges. Wien. 17: 24 (1903)
= Trifolium alpestre var. glabratum C.Klinggr., Fl. Preuss.: 98 (1848)
= Trifolium alpestre var. lanigerum Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.], 2: 194 (1825)
= Trifolium alpestre var. longifrons Podp., 27 (1922)
= Trifolium alpestre var. parvifolium Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium alpestre var. roseum Bach, Wirtg., 50 (1842), nom. inval.
= Trifolium alpestre var. rubellum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 194 (1825)
= Trifolium alpestre var. sericeum Hausskn., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F. 8: 23 (1895)
= Trifolium alpestre var. trinervia Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium alpestre var. villosum Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhm.: 667 (1875)
= Trifolium alpinum Georgi, Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 1191 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium incarnatum Stephan, Enum. Stirp. Agr. Mosq.: 33 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium purpureum-majus Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 87 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Trifolium rubens Desc., C. L. von Hablitz, Descr. Phys. Taur.: 24 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Triphylloides nervosa Moench, Methodus 510 (1794), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium alpinum L.; Sp. Pl.: 767 (1753)
Name: Alpen-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; France; Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; N-Spain (mountains); Italy; Croatia
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bobrovia alpina (L.) A.P.Khokhr., Novosti Sist. Vvssh. Rast., 31: 137 (1998)
= Lupinaster alpinus (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium alpinum f. angustissimum Bolzon, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 20: 306 (1913)
= Trifolium alpinum f. dolomiticola Bolzon, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 20: 306 (1913)
= Trifolium alpinum var. nanum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 97 (1899)
= Trifolium alpinum var. stenophyllum (Gibelli & Belli) Rouy, Fl. Fr,, 5: 97 (1899)
= Ursifolium alpinum (L.) Doweld, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 108(4): 78 (2003)
species :
Trifolium amabile Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 6: 503 (1824)
Name: Aztec clover
Distribution: Peru; Nicaragua; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Ecuador; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Salta, Tucuman); Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Tolima); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA NIC 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Lupinaster, amabile agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster amabilis (Kunth) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium humboldtii Spreng., Syst. 3: 213 (1826)
= Trifolium lozanii House, Bot. Gaz. 41: 342 (1906)
= Trifolium matthewsii A.Gray, U.S. Expl. Exped., Phan. 1: 398 (1854)
= Trifolium pauciflorum Willd. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 707 (1841)
= Trifolium reflexum Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 5: 576 (1830)
= Trifolium reflexum var. mexicanum M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10(2): 39 (1843)
= Trifolium schiedeanum S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 17: 339 (1882)
variant :
var. hemsleyi (Lojac.) D.Heller & Zohary; Genus Trifolium: 127 (1984)
Distribution: Peru; Mexico (Michoacan, etc.); Ecuador; Bolivia; Argentina (Cordoba, Jujuy); Costa Rica; Colombia; Guatemala
79 MEX 80 COS GUA 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium hemsleyi Lojac., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 143 (1883)
= Trifolium macrorrhizum Ulbr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 2: 2 (1906), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. mexicanum (Hemsl.) D.Heller & Zohary; Genus Trifolium: 128 (1984)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Nuevo Leon, Mexico State, San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Sinaloa, Michoacan, etc.); Guatemala; Bolivia
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium mexicanum Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1: 233 (1879)
= Trifolium cognatum House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 345 (1906)
= Trifolium nelsonii House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 344 (1906)
species :
Trifolium ambiguum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2. 208 (1808)
Name: Kura clover
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); ?Romania; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Georgia [Caucasus]; Moldova; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); USA [I] (Ohio [I])
14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 50 aus 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria ambigua (M.Bieb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Amoria egrissica (Mikheev & Magulaev) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Amoria ruprechtii (Tamamsch. & Fed.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Trifolium ambiguum var. majus Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 464 (1961)
= Trifolium egrissicum Mikheev & Magulaev, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 72(9): 1257 (1987)
= Trifolium ruprechtii Tamamsch. & Fed., J. Bot. URSS, 34: 164 (1949)
= Trifolium vaillantii M.Bieb. ex Fisch., Cat. Hort. Gorenk. (1808) 111, nomen
species :
Trifolium amoenum Greene; Fl. Francisc. (1891) 27; et Man. Bot. San. Franc. Bay 96 (1894)
Name: Showy Indian clover
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Trifolium amplectens Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 319 (1838)
Name: Balloon sack clover
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium depauperatum var. amplectens (Torr. & A.Gray) Rattan, Anal. Key West Coast Bot.: 43 (1887)
= Trifolium quercetorum Greene, Pittonia, 1: 172 (1888)
= Trifolium stenophyllum Greene, Fl. Francisc. 34 (1891)
species :
Trifolium andersonii A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 6: 522 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. andersonii
Name: Fiveleaf clover
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster andersonii (A.Gray) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 22 (1976)
subspecies :
subsp. beatleyae J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 50 (10): (1997 publ. 1972)
Name: Beatley´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium andersonii var. beatleyae (J.M.Gillett) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 55 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. monoense (Greene) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 50(10): (1997 publ. 1972)
Name: Mono clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster monoensis (Greene) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 22(1976)
= Trifolium andersonii f. monoense (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 185 (1910)
= Trifolium andersonii var. monoense (Greene) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 55 (1980)
= Trifolium monoense Greene, Erythea 2: 181 (1894)
species :
Trifolium andinum Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 314 (1838)
Name: Intermountain clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
variant :
var. canone S.L.Welsh & N.D.Atwood; Utah Fl., ed. 4. 485 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
variant :
var. navajoense S.L.Welsh & N.D.Atwood; Utah Fl., ed. 4. 484 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
variant :
var. podocephalum Barneby; Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 3B: 217 (1989)
Name: Intermountain clover
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
variant :
var. wahwahense S.L.Welsh & N.D.Atwood; Utah Fl., ed. 4. 485 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
species :
Trifolium andricum Lassen; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 98B(Suppl.): 301 (1996)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades)
13 GRC
species :
Trifolium angulatum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 26 (1800)
Distribution: France [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; ?+Macedonia; Romania; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Latvia [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger HUN SLO 12 fra 13 ROM SRB 14 lat RUS 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria angulata (Waldst. & Kit.) J.Presl & C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium michelianum ssp. angulatum (Waldst. & Kit.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Franç.: 78 (1894)
species :
Trifolium angustifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 769 (1753)
Name: Schmalblättriger Klee (DE); Narrow-leaved Clover (EN)
Distribution: Romania; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Germany [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Belarus [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkmenistan; Estonia [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Islas Selvagens; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I]); Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I]); Uruguay [I]; New Zealand [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 blr est KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR SEL 27 les saf 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 38 jap nns 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 78 usa 85 cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster angustifolius (Litv.) Knjaz., Turczaninowia 24(2): 179 (2021)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. longepetiolatum Merino, Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 10: 183 (1912)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. nanum Merino, Contr. Fl. Galicia, Suppl. 1: 34 (1898)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. ramosum Merino, Contr. Fl. Galicia, Suppl. 1: 34 (1898)
= Triphylloides angustifolia (L.) Moench, Methodus 510 (1794)
species :
Trifolium ankaratrense Bosser; Natur. Malgache, 11: 35 (1960)
Distribution: C-Madagascar
29 MDG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Trifolium antucoense A.Heller; Zohary & Heller, Genus Trifolium: 535 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Chile (O´Higgins, Biobío, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium circumdatum Kunze, Linnaea 16: 321 (1842) (non Guss. ex Steud. 1841)
= Lupinaster circumdatus (Kunze) C.Presl, (1831)
species :
Trifolium apertum Bobrov; Kom., Fl. SSSR 11: 391 (1945)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; SE-European Russia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Italy [I]
13 ita TUE 14 RUS 33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium apertum ssp. kilaeum (Zohary & Lerner) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Trifolium apertum var. kilaeum Zohary & Lerner, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 29: 322 (1969)
species :
Trifolium argutum Banks & Sol.; Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 260 (1794)
Name: Scharfzähniger Klee (DE); Sharp-tooth Clover (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); France [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
12 fra 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Mistyllus argutus (Banks & Sol.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Mus.(Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium argutum var. cruentum (Bornm.) Eig, J. Bot. 75: 188 (1937)
= Trifolium moriferum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 28 (1849)
= Trifolium ornatum C.B.Clarke, Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 3: 336 (1814)
= Trifolium xerocephalum Fenzl, Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 5. (1842)
= Trifolium xerocephalum var. cruentum Bornm., Ver. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 581 (1898)
species :
Trifolium arvense L.; Sp. Pl.: 769 (1753)
Name: Hasen-Klee (DE); Hare´s-foot Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Vietnam [I]; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Sudan; Eritrea; South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Chile [I] (O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Haiti [I]; Ecuador [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 DJI ERI ETH SUD 27 saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 38 jap nns 40 srl 41 vie 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 his 83 ecu 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium agrestinum Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, éd. 3, 2: 153 (1857)
= Trifolium agrestinum ssp. lagopinum (Jord.) P.Fourn., Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 79 (1928)
= Trifolium agrestinum ssp. littorale (Jord.) P.Fourn., Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 79 (1928)
= Trifolium arenivagum Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, éd. 3, 2: 153 (1857)
= Trifolium arvense f. komlodiae Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 174 (1973)
= Trifolium arvense f. litorale (Bréb.) Gams, 1323 (1923)
= Trifolium arvense f. pulchellum (Lange) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 298 (1954)
= Trifolium arvense proles agrestinum (Boreau) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 105 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense proles brittingeri (Weitenw. ex Opiz) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 105 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense proles longisetosum (Boiss. & Balansa) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 104 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. agrestinum (Boreau) Berher, Louis, Fl. Vosges, ed. 2: 69 (1887)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. agrestinum (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 106 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. brittingeri (Weitenweb. ex Opiz) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 105 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. longisetosum (Boiss. & Balansa) Braun-Blanq., Catal. Fl. Mass. Aigotial: 192 (1933)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. longisetum (Boiss. & Balansa) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 104 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. preslianum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Bell, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 29 (1889)
= Trifolium arvense var. aetnense Guss., Fl. Sic. Syn., 2: 236 (1844)
= Trifolium arvense var. agrestinum (Boreau) Merino, Broteria, Str. Bot., 10: 183 (1912)
= Trifolium arvense var. alopecuroides Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 106 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense var. angustifolium Lej., Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 50 (1836)
= Trifolium arvense var. arenivagum (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 106 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense var. australe Ten., Fl. Nap. 5: 141 (1838)
= Trifolium arvense var. ballii Murb., Contr. Fl. Maroc [Murb.]1: 62 (1922)
= Trifolium arvense var. bohemicum Hendrych, 410 (1956)
= Trifolium arvense var. brachyodon Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 907 (1881)
= Trifolium arvense var. brittingeri (Weitenw.) Garcke, 108 (1848)
= Trifolium arvense var. brittingeri (Weitenw.) Malag., Syn. Fl. Iber., 39: 614 (1976)
= Trifolium arvense var. capitatum Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.], 2: 19 (1825)
= Trifolium arvense var. crassicaule Ser.in DC., Prodr. 2: 19 (1825)
= Trifolium arvense var. cyrenaicum Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., no. ser. 31: 217 (1924)
= Trifolium arvense var. exiguum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 589 (1829)
= Trifolium arvense var. glabrum Fuckel, 84 (1856)
= Trifolium arvense var. lagopinum (Jord.) Pit. & Proust, Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 164 (1909)
= Trifolium arvense var. latifolium Lej., Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 50 (1836)
= Trifolium arvense var. latifolium Pantu, Mem. Sect. Sti. Acad. Romana, ser. 2, 32: 145 (1910), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium arvense var. littorale (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 106 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense var. longisetum (Boiss. & Balansa) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 120 (1872)
= Trifolium arvense var. maritimum (Corb.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5:105 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense var. nanum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 601 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium arvense var. perpusillum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 191 (1825)
= Trifolium arvense var. preslianum (Boiss.) Ball, Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 417 (1878)
= Trifolium arvense var. pulchellum Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1865:167 (1866)
= Trifolium arvense var. sabuletorum (Jord. ex Boreau) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 106 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense var. strictior Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., 5: 270 (1838)
= Trifolium arvense var. sylvaticum Wallr., 395 (1822)
= Trifolium arvicola Jord. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 175 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium brachyodon (Celak.) A.Kern., Fl. Exsicc. Austro-Hung.: n 1606 (1887) (in sched.)
= Trifolium brittingeri Weitenw., Opiz, Naturalientausch: 142 (1825)
= Trifolium capitellatum Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Esp.,1: 9 (1887)
= Trifolium capitellatum var. clarius Merino, Broteria, Str. Bot., 10: 184 (1912)
= Trifolium ceretanum Sennen, Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 26: 90 (1927)
= Trifolium cyrenaicum (Pamp.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 30: 274 (1939)
= Trifolium eriocephalum Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 541 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium lagopinum Jord., Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 57 (1852)
= Trifolium lagopus Gouan, Fl. Monsp.: 105 (1764)
= Trifolium littorale Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 153 (1857)
= Trifolium longisetum Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 47 (1859)
= Trifolium pectinatum Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 707 (1841), nomen
= Trifolium preslianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., Ser. 1 2: 25 (1843)
= Trifolium sabuletorum Jord. ex Boreau, Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 153 (1857)
= Trifolium villosum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 89 (1782), opus utique oppr.
variant :
var. gracile (Thuill.) DC.; Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 4: 530 (1805)
Name: Zierlicher Hasen-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovakia; Bulgaria; Turkey; Iran
11 SLO 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA NMA 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arvense proles gracile (Thuill.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 107 (1899)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. gracile (Thuill.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 175 (1878)
= Trifolium arvense ssp. gracile (Thuill.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 637 (1972 publ. 1973), isonym
= Trifolium arvense ssp. gracile (Thuill.) Teles, Agron. Lusit., 33 (18): 13 (1971), isonym
= Trifolium arvense var. glabrum Vis., Fl. Dalm., 3: 292 (1852)
= Trifolium arvense var. gracile (Thuill.) DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 4: 530 (1805)
= Trifolium arvense var. gracile (Thuill.) Lej., 118 (1813)
= Trifolium arvense var. microcephalum Uechtritz, 165 (1877)
= Trifolium arvense var. rubellum (Jord.) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 848 (1892)
= Trifolium arvense var. rubellum (Jord.) Cariot & St.-Lag., Etude Fl., ed. 8, 2:177 (1889)
= Trifolium arvense var. rubellum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 107 (1899)
= Trifolium gracile ssp. rubellum (Jord.) Simonk., 181 (1887)
= Trifolium gracile Thuill., Fl. Paris ed. 2: 383 (1799)
= Trifolium rubellum Jord., Mém. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 1: 57 (1852)
species :
Trifolium attenuatum Greene; Pittonia, 4: 137 (1899)
Name: Rocky Mountain clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, New Mexico)
73 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bracteolatum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 500 (1901)
= Trifolium dasyphyllum f. attenuatum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 168 (1910)
= Trifolium dasyphyllum var. stenolobum (Rydb.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 170 (1910)
= Trifolium lilacinum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 37 (1901) (non Greene 1896)
= Trifolium petraeum Greene, Pittonia 4: 307 (1901)
= Trifolium stenolobum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 499 (1901)
species :
Trifolium aurantiacum Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 33 (1843)
Distribution: Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: sometimes included in T. brutium
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis aurantiaca (Boiss. & Spruner) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium procumbens var. pauciflorum Griseb., (1843)
= Trifolium speciosum Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 51 (1838) (non Willd. 1802)
species :
Trifolium aureum Pollich; Hist. Pl. Palat. 2: 344 (1777)
subspecies :
subsp. aureum
Name: Gold-Klee (DE), Hop Clover, Golden Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; +Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); China [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Magallanes [I]); Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (La Palma [I], Gran Canaria [I], Lanzarote [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 21 cny 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 chi 38 jap 51 nzl 70 ask 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus agrarius (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 46 (1830)
= Amarenus aureus (Pollich) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis agraria (L.) Desv., 164 (1818)
= Chrysaspis aurea (Pollich) Greene, Pittonia 3: 204 (1897)
= Chrysaspis candollei Desv., Obs. Pl. Env. Angers: 165 (1818)
= Trifolium agrarium L., Sp. Pl.: 772 (1753), nom. utique rej.
= Trifolium aureum f. achtarovii (Urum.) Stoj., Stef. & Kitan., Fl. Bulg., ed. 4, 1: 602 (1967)
= Trifolium aureum ssp. achtarovii Urum., Magyar Bot. Lapok 1(12): 4 (1927)
= Trifolium aureum var. achtarovii (Urum.) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 353 (1976)
= Trifolium campestre C.C.Gmel., Hortus Carlsruh. 270 (1811) non Schreb.
= Trifolium strepens Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. ed. 2: 411 (1769) (nom. illeg.)
subspecies :
subsp. barbulatum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 43: 377 (1893)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis barbulata (Freyn & Sint.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 219 (1976)
= Trifolium barbulatum (Freyn & Sint.) Zohary, P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 3: 404 (1970)
= Trifolium barbulatum Freyn & Sint. ex Freyn, Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 43: 377 (1893)
species :
Trifolium baccarinii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma, 9: 57 (1911)
Distribution: Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; Nigeria; Rwanda; Tanzania; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 NGA 23 CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium marginatum (Baker) Cufod., Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: Suppl., 251 (1955)
= Trifolium rueppellianum f. minor A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14: 440 (1934)
species :
Trifolium badium Schreb.; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., Abth. 1, 16: ffol. 121 (1804)
Name: Braun-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Poland; Romania; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia, Adzharia); Northern Caucasus
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus badius (Schreb.) C.Presl, Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis badia (Schreb.) Greene, Pittonia 3: 206 (1897)
= Chrysaspis badia ssp. rytidosemia (Boiss. & Hohen.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 219 (1976)
= Chrysaspis rytidosemia (Boiss. & Hohen.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75: 720 (1990)
= Trifolium aureum Geners., Elench. Scepus. n. 69
= Trifolium badium f. pygmaeum Bolzon, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 21: 190 (1914)
= Trifolium badium ssp. pseudobadium (Velen.) Gams, 1297 (1923)
= Trifolium badium ssp. pseudobadium (Velen.) Kozuharov, Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Balg. 6: 353 (1976)
= Trifolium badium ssp. rivulare (Boiss. & Balansa) C.C.Towns., Kew Bull., 25(3): 447 (1971)
= Trifolium badium ssp. rytidosemium (Boiss. & Hohen.) M.Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 473 (1961)
= Trifolium cousturieri Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 555 (1913 publ. 1914)
= Trifolium ponticum Alb., Otchet Trudy Odessk. Otd. Rossijsk. Imp. Obshch. Sadov. 100 (-101
= Trifolium pseudobadium Velen., Sitzungsber. Kön. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturw. Cl. 1889(2): 33 (1889)
= Trifolium rivulare Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 49 (1859)
= Trifolium rytidosemium Boiss. & Hohen., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 29 (1849)
= Trifolium rytidosemium ssp. rivulare (Boiss. & Balansa) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1973)
= Trifolium rytidosemium var. rivulare (Boiss. & Balansa) Zohary, Davis, Fl. Turkey, 3: 401 (1970)
= Trifolium soldeanum Barnola, Mem. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 1: 89 (1919)
= Trifolium spadiceum var. badium (Schreb.) Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 439 (1813)
= Trifolium spadiceum Vell., Fl. Delph. 80
species :
Trifolium barbeyi Gibelli & Belli; Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 22: 610 (1887)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
34 EAI
Remarks: possibly a synonym of T. lappaceum
species :
Trifolium barbigerum Torr.; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 79 (1857)
Name: Bearded clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
variant :
var. andrewsii A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 7: 335 (1868)
Name: Andrews´ clover
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium andrewsii (A.Gray) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia, 1: 114 (1904)
= Trifolium barbigerum var. lilacinum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. Calif. 2: 298 (1936)
= Trifolium grayi Lojac., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 189 (1883)
= Trifolium lilacinum Greene, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1895 (1896) 547
species :
Trifolium barnebyi (Isely) Dorn & Lichvar; Madroño, 28(3): 189 (1981)
Name: Barneby´s clover
Distribution: USA (Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium haydenii var. barnebyi Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 56 (1980)
species :
Trifolium batmanicum Katzn.; Israel J. Bot. 15: 80 (1966)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium anatolicum Katzn., Israel J. Bot. 14: 115 (1965) (non Boiss. (1843))
species :
Trifolium beckwithii W.H.Brewer ex S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 128 (1876)
Name: Beckwith´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium altissimum Torr. & A.Gray, Pacif. Rail. Rep. 2: 120 (1855) (non Douglas 1831)
species :
Trifolium bejariense Moric.; Pl. Nouv. Am. 2 (1833)
Name: Bejar clover
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, Louisiana, Texas)
76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium macrocalyx Hook., Icon. Pl., t. 285 (1840)
= Trifolium carolinianum f. bejariense (Moric.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 314, pl. 132, 133 (1910)
species :
Trifolium berytheum Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 2:15 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon)
34 ISR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alexandrinum ssp. berytheum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
= Trifolium alexandrinum var. berytheum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Trab., Bull. Serv. Bot. Direct. Agric., Algérie 48: 2 (1911)
= Trifolium alexandrinum var. tuberculatum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 290 (1889)
= Trifolium constantinopolitanum var. plumosum Bornm., (1914)
= Trifolium echinatum var. berytheum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Dinsm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 126 (1931)
= Trifolium supinum var. tuberculatum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 126 (1872)
species :
Trifolium biebersteinii Khalilov; Izvest. Akad. Nauk Azerb. SSR, Ser. Biol. Med., No. 5, 3 (1966 publ. 1967)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium circumdatum Guss., Sw., Hort. Brit., ed. 3: 163 (1839), nomen
species :
Trifolium bifidum A.Gray; Proc. Calif. Acad. 3: 102 (1863)
Name: Notchleaf clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bifidum var. decipiens Greene, Fl. Francisc. 24 (1891)
= Trifolium greenei House, Bot. Gaz. 41: 334, fig. 1 (1906)
= Trifolium hallii Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. [Howell] 1: 135 (1898)
species :
Trifolium bilineatum Fresen.; Flora, 22: 52 (1839)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium costatum Hochst. ex Engl., Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891 (1892) 252
species :
Trifolium billardierei Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 211 (1826)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon)
34 ISR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis billardierei (Spreng.) Hendrych, Preslia, 48(3): 220 (1976)
= Trifolium comosum Labill., Icon. Pl. Syr. 5: 15 (1812) (non L., Sp. Pl.: 767 (1753))
= Trifolium speciosum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 205 (1825), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium bivonae Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 512 (1828)-1832
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria bivonae (Guss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Amoria calycina C.Presl, Symb. Bot. (C. Presl) 1: 43. t. 30 (1830)
= Trifolium calycinum (C.Presl) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 2: 705 (1841)
species :
Trifolium blancheanum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 2: 13 (1856)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Palestine
34 CYP ISR LEB PAL SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium subvar. blancheanum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 346 (1889)
= Trifolium desvauxii var. blancheanum (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 124 (1872)
= Trifolium pamphylicum var. blancheanum (Boiss.) Meikle, Fl. Cyprus, 1: 446, 806 (1977)
species :
Trifolium bobrovii Khalilov; Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 119(1950)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria bobrovii (Khalilov) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
species :
Trifolium bocconei Savi; Atti Accad. Ital. 1: 191 (1808)
Distribution: S-England; Channel Isl.; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Lebanon (C-Lebanon); +Madeira (+Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
10 GRB 11 ger 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 EAI LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium biceps Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 417 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium bocconei var. cylindricum Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 102 (1899)
= Trifolium bocconei var. gracile Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 102 (1899)
= Trifolium bocconei var. macedonicum Adamovic, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss., 74: 130 (1904)
= Trifolium bocconei var. subglabrum Merino, Fl. Galicia,1: 373 (1905)
= Trifolium collinum Bastard, Fl. Maine-et-Loire, Suppl. 5 (1812)
= Trifolium gemellum Lapeyr., Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 437 (1813) (non Pourr. ex Willd. 1802)
= Trifolium nodiflorum Bubani, Fl. Pyr., 2: 493 (1899)
= Trifolium semiglabrum Brot., Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 1: 155 (1816 publ. 1817)
species :
Trifolium boissieri Guss. ex Soy.-Will. & Godr.; Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Nancy 1846: 220 (1847)
Name: Boissiers Klee (DE); Boissier´s Clover (EN)
Distribution: S-Spain (Cordoba); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
12 SPA 13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis boissieri (Guss.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium caloxanthum Griseb., Bericht. 62 (1847)
= Trifolium chrysanthoides Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 161 (1897)
= Trifolium speciosum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 33 (1843), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium bolanderi A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 7: 335 (1868)
Name: Parasol clover
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Trifolium brandegeei S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 130 (1876)
Name: Brandegee´s clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, New Mexico)
73 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium kingii var. brandegeei (S.Watson) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 284, pl. 120 (1910)
species :
Trifolium breweri S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 131 (1876)
Name: Forest clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
species :
Trifolium brutium Ten.; Fl. Neapol. Prodr. App. 5: 24 (1826)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy
13 ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis brutia (Ten.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium procumbens var. pauciflorum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 36 (1843)
species :
Trifolium buckwestiorum Isely; Madroño, 39(2): 90 (1992)
Name: Santa Cruz clover
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Trifolium bullatum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 2: 138 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Palestine; Lebanon (Antilebanon, Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Egypt
20 EGY 34 IRN IRQ ISR LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bullatum var. glabrescens Post, Fl. Syria: 241 (1896)
= Trifolium bullatum var. macrosphaerum Zohary, Fl. Palaestina 2: 157, 193 (1969)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. bullatum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 17 (1890)
= Trifolium tomentosum ssp. bullatum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Oppenh., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 108: 56 (1961)
= Trifolium tomentosum ssp. bullatum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1973), isonym
= Trifolium tomentosum ssp. macrosphaerum (Zohary) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973) (comb. inval.)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. bullatum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) M.Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 454 (1961)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. glabrescens (Post) Hausskn. & Bornm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 24: 39 (1908)
= Xerosphaera bullata (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
species :
Trifolium burchellianum Ser.; DC. Prod. 2: 200 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. burchellianum
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Angola
26 ANG 27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster burchellianus (Ser.) Eckl. & Zeyh., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 222 (1836)
= Lupinaster ecklonianus C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1832)
= Trifolium burchellianum var. oblongum J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7(3): 382 (1952)
= Trifolium subrotundum var. obcordatum Welw. ex Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 205 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. johnstonii (Oliv.) Cufod. ex J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull., 25 (2): 178 (1971)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium basileianum Chiov., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. ser. 2, 36: 364 (1929)
= Trifolium burchellianum var. johnstonii (Oliv.) J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7(3): 382 (1952)
= Trifolium johnstonii Oliv., H. Johnst. Kilim. Exped. App. (1886) 339, nomen
species :
Trifolium calcaricum J.L.Collins & Wieboldt; Castanea, 57(4): 282 (1992)
Name: Running glade clover
Distribution: USA (Tennessee, Virginia)
78 USA
species :
Trifolium campestre Schreb.; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., Abth. 1, 16: [fol. 13-14] (1804)
Name: Feld-Klee (DE); Hop Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Sudan; Eritrea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Parwan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Japan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kazakhstan; Korea [I]; China [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Java [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; South Africa [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; New Zealand [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I]); Argentina [I]; Brazil [I]; Colombia [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 DJI ERI ETH SUD 26 zim 27 saf 31 rfe 32 KAZ tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 IND srl 42 jaw 50 aus nfk 51 ctm ker nzl 70 ask 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 82 clm 84 bra 85 arg cle 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus campestris (Schreb.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Amarenus procumbens (L.) C.Presl, Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Amarenus schreberi (Jord. ex Reut.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis campestris (Schreb.) Desv., Observ. Pl. Angers: 164 (1818)
= Chrysaspis campestris var. dentata Desv., 164 (1818)
= Chrysaspis karatavica (Pavlov) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75: 720 (1990)
= Chrysaspis procumbens (L.) Desv., Observ. Pl. Angers: 164 (1818), nom. rej.
= Melilotus agrarius Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 193 (1799)
= Melilotus lupulinus Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 593 (1779)
= Trifolium agrarium ssp. campestre (Schreb.) Celak., 397 (1887)
= Trifolium agrarium var. campestre (Schreb.) Celak., 97 (1870)
= Trifolium agrarium var. majus (W.D.J.Koch) Godr., 424 (1849)
= Trifolium agrarium var. minus (W.D.J.Koch) Godr., 424 (1849)
= Trifolium agrarium var. nanum Fr., Fl. Hallandica: 121 (1818)
= Trifolium agrarium var. procumbens Celak., 97 (1870), nom. inval.
= Trifolium agrarium var. subsessile Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 152 (1872)
= Trifolium agrarium var. thionanthum (Hausskn.) Hausskn., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.s., 5: 78 (1893)
= Trifolium campestre f. nanum (Ser.) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 10(2): 358 (1953)
= Trifolium campestre f. patule-pilosum H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 89 (1932)
= Trifolium campestre f. patulipilosum H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 89 (1932)
= Trifolium campestre ssp. pseudoprocumbens (C.C.Gmel.) Murr, 172 (1923)
= Trifolium campestre ssp. schreberi (Jord.) Gremli, 145 (1874)
= Trifolium campestre var. agrariiforme Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 101 (1827)
= Trifolium campestre var. dertosense O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 70 (1974)
= Trifolium campestre var. erectum (Murr) Murr, 173 (1923)
= Trifolium campestre var. majus (W.D.J.Koch) Caflisch, 75 (1878)
= Trifolium campestre var. majus (W.D.J.Koch) P.D.Sell, P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, 517 (2009), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium campestre var. minus (W.D.J.Koch) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 356 (1976), isonym
= Trifolium campestre var. minus (W.D.J.Koch) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 551 (1936), isonym
= Trifolium campestre var. nanum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 205 (1825)
= Trifolium campestre var. pallidum DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 563 (1815)
= Trifolium campestre var. pandoi Font Quer, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 94 (1919)
= Trifolium campestre var. schreberi Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 73 (1899)
= Trifolium campestre var. subsessile (Boiss.) M.Keskin, Güner et al., Türk. Bitkileri List.: 489 (2012)
= Trifolium campestre var. thionanthum (Hausskn.) K.Malý, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 482 (1907)
= Trifolium ciliatum Poir., Encycl. 8: 28 (1808)
= Trifolium erectum Poir., Lam., Encycl. 8: 28 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium filiforme var. majus Vahl, 107 (1810)
= Trifolium filiforme var. minus Vahl, 107 (1810)
= Trifolium fuscum Desv., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 13: 330 (1828)
= Trifolium glaucescens Hausskn., Mitth. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. Folge 5: 79 (1893)
= Trifolium karatavicum Pavlov, Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR, 3(60): 27 (1950)
= Trifolium lupulinum Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 2: 503 (1899), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium lupulinum Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 557 (1843)
= Trifolium minimum W.P.C.Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 74 (1818)
= Trifolium procumbens L., Sp. Pl.: 772 (1753), nom. utique rej.
= Trifolium procumbens ssp. campestre (Schreb.) Ces., Car. Catt., 293 (1844)
= Trifolium procumbens ssp. campestre (Schreb.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 599 (1829)
= Trifolium procumbens ssp. schreberi Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 600 (1829)
= Trifolium procumbens subvar. erectum (Poir.) Pérez Lara, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 231 (1892)
= Trifolium procumbens var. angustifolium Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 540 (1909)
= Trifolium procumbens var. campestre (Schreb.) Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 205 (1825)
= Trifolium procumbens var. erectum Murr, 60 (1895)
= Trifolium procumbens var. lupulinum C.Presl, Fl. Sicul.: XXI (1826)
= Trifolium procumbens var. majus W.D.J.Koch, Syn Fl. Germ. Helv.: 175 (1836), nom. inval.
= Trifolium procumbens var. minus W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2(1): 195 (1843)
= Trifolium procumbens var. pseudoprocumbens (C.C.Gmel.) Asch. & Graebn., 482 (1907)
= Trifolium procumbens var. schreberi Moritzi, 258 (1832)
= Trifolium procumbens-nanum Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 205 (1825)
= Trifolium pseudoprocumbens C.C.Gmel., Fl. Bad. 3: 240 (1808)
= Trifolium pumilum M.Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 479 (1961)
= Trifolium schreberi Jord. ex Reut., Cat. Pl. Genev. ed. II. 49 (1861)
= Trifolium spadiceum Thuill., Fl. Par. ed. II. 385 (1799) (non L. 1755)
= Trifolium thionanthum Hausskn., Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5(2): 71 (1886)
= Trifolium tumescens Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 91 (1782), opus utique oppr.
variant :
var. lagrangei (Boiss.) Zohary; Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 340 (1984)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crete; etc.
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium campestre ssp. lagrangei (Boiss.) M.Keskin, Türk. Bitkileri List. 490 (2012)
= Trifolium erythranthum (Griseb.) Halácsy, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 56: 208 (1906)
= Trifolium glaucum Hausskn. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 180 (1878)
= Trifolium lagrangei Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 154 (1872)
= Trifolium procumbens var. erythranthum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 36 (1843)
= Trifolium procumbens var. lagrangei (Boiss.) Heldr., Exsicc. (Attica) 1878: s.n. (1878)
variant :
var. paphium (Meikle) Zohary; Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 340 (1984)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis campestris ssp. paphia (Meikle) Chrtek & Slavík, Preslia 53: 56 (1981)
= Trifolium campestre ssp. paphium Meikle, Hookers Icon. Pl.: tab. 3652 (1969)
= Trifolium campestre var. paphium (Meikle) M.Keskin, Türk. Bitkileri List. 490 (2012), isonym
species :
Trifolium canescens Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1369 (1802)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium brevidens Conrath & Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 177 (1895)
= Trifolium divaricatum Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 715 (1815)
= Trifolium hohenackeri Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Orient. 2: 55 (1845), in nota
= Trifolium ochroleucum-magnum Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 545 (1843)
species :
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. (Hook.) 2: 58 (1803)
Name: Carolina clover
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Vermont); Mexico (Chihuahua, Michoacan); Japan [I]
38 jap 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria caroliniana (Michx.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium arvense Walter, Fl. Carol. 183 (1904), non L.
= Trifolium carolinianum f. bejariense McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 304 (1910)
= Trifolium oxypetalum Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort Petrop. 2: 51 (1836)
= Trifolium saxicola Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 302 (1894)
= Trifolium umbellatum Ser., DC. Prod. 2: 199 (1825)
species :
Trifolium caudatum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 22 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium caudatum var. grosseanum Asch. & Sint. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 166 (1888)
species :
Trifolium cernuum Brot.; Phytogr. Lusit. Select. 1: 150 (1816)
Name: Nodding clover (EN), Nickender Klee (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Germany [I]; Morocco; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); South Africa [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); USA [I] (California [I], South Carolina [I]); Chatham Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chile [I] (O´Higgins [I], Maule [I])
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SPA 20 MOR 21 AZO cny MDR 27 saf 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria cernua (Brot.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium cernuum ssp. perreymondii (Gren.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 553 (1936)
= Trifolium cernuum var. intermedium Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 87 (1899)
= Trifolium cernuum var. perreymondii (Gren.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 87 (1899)
= Trifolium minutum Coss., Notes Pl. Crit. 5 (1849)
= Trifolium parviflorum Perreym., Cat. Pl. Frejus: 84 (1833) (non Ehrh. 1792)
= Trifolium parviflorum ssp. cernuum (Brot.) Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 10: 358 (1952)
= Trifolium perreymondii Gren. & Godr., Fl. Franç. 1: 422 (1849)
= Trifolium reflexum Pourr., Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 856 (1877)
= Trifolium retusum ssp. cernuum (Brot.) Vicioso & Lainz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Asturianos, Supl. Cl. 6: 39 (1962)
= Trifolium serrulatum Lag., Gen. et Sp. Nov. 23 (1816)
species :
Trifolium cheranganiense J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull., 1952: 373 (1952)
Distribution: Kenya; Uganda; South Africa [I]
25 KEN UGA 27 saf
species :
Trifolium cherleri L.; Demonstr. Pl.: 21 (1753)
Name: Cherler-Klee (DE); Cherler´s Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; ?Serbia & Kosovo; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arachnoideum C.Presl, J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 49 (1822)
= Trifolium cherleri var. perpusillum Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(1): 308 (1913)
= Trifolium hirtum ssp. cherleri (L.) Gibelli & Belli, Meni. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 82 (1889)
= Trifolium involucratum Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 604 (1779)
= Trifolium obvallatum Moench, Methodus 112 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium phlebocalyx Fenzl ex Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 1: 29 (1860)
= Trifolium pilosum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr.: 283 (1867)
= Trifolium sphaerocephalum Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 201 (1799)
species :
Trifolium chilaloense Thulin; Bot. Notiser, 129(2): 169 (1976)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium chilense Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 16 (1832)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Biobío, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster chilensis (Hook. & Arn.) C.Presl, Repert. Bot. Syst.: 4 (1833), in nota
= Trifolium ochreatum Kunze ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 2: 707 (1841)
= Lupinaster ochreatus (Kunze) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. (C. Presl) 1: 47 (1831)
species :
Trifolium chlorotrichum Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 6: 48 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum chlorotrichum (Boiss. & Balansa) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Trifolium ciliolatum Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 304 (1848)
Name: Foothill clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium ciliatum Nutt., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 4: 8 (1848)
= Trifolium ciliatum var. discolor Lojac., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 146 (1883)
species :
Trifolium clusii Godr. & Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 414 (1849)
Name: Einjähriger Erdbeerklee (DE); Annual Strawberry Clover (EN)
Distribution: France; Sicily; Bulgaria; Tunisia; Morocco; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Egypt (Nile Delta); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
12 FRA 13 BUL SIC 20 EGY MOR TUN 34 EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium clusii var. glabrum Evenari in Oppenheimer & Evenari, Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, ser. 2, 31: 292 (1941)
= Trifolium clusii var. gossypinum Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 325 (1970)
= Trifolium clusii var. kahiricum Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 326 (1970)
= Trifolium resupinatum Guss., Fl. Sic. Syn, 2: 344 (1843), non L. 1753
= Trifolium resupinatum proles clusii (Godr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 93 (1899)
= Trifolium resupinatum ssp. clusii (Godr.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 173 (1882)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. clusii (Godr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 522 (1908)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. clusii (Gren. & Godr.) Murb., Contr. Fl. Tunisie [Murb.] 1, Acta Univ. Lund 33: 67 (1897)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. minus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 137 (1872)
= Xerosphaera clusii (Godr. & Gren.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
species :
Trifolium clypeatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 769 (1753)
Name: Helmklee (DE); Helmet Clover; Shield Clover (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; rhodos; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); +Algeria
13 GRC KRI 20 ALG 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Triphylloides clypeata (L.) Moench, Methodus 510 (1794)
species :
Trifolium congestum Guss.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Boccadifalco: 21 (1821)
Distribution: Malta; Sicily; S-Italy; Balkan peninsula; +Algeria
13 ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium catanense H.Buek, Gen. Sp. Candoll. 1: viii (1843)
= Trifolium rupestre Ten. ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 201 (1825), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium constantinopolitanum Ser.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 193 (1825)
Name: Konstantinopel-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Germany [I]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Algeria [I]
11 ger 13 BUL GRC 20 alg 34 EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alexandrinum var. phleoides (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 127 (1872)
= Trifolium echinatum ssp. constantinopolitanum (Ser.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 149 (1889)
species :
Trifolium cryptopodium Steud. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 168 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Tanzania; Uganda; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium cryptopodium var. kilimandscharicum (Taub.) J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7: 370 (1952)
= Trifolium kilimandscharicum Taub. ex Engl., Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891 2: 254 (1892)
= Trifolium meyeri-joannis Taub. ex Engl., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 230 (1892)
species :
Trifolium cyathiferum Lindl.; Bot. Reg. sub t. 1070 (1827)
Name: Cup clover
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia, Yukon)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA
species :
Trifolium dalmaticum Vis.; Flora (Regensburg) 12, Ergänzungsbl. 1: 21 (1829)
Name: Dalmatian clover
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Germany [I]; Turkey; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
11 ger 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC MNT NMA SLV SRB 34 TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium dalmaticum var. meledae H.Lindb., Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48(13): 54 (1906)
= Trifolium filicaule Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 24 (1849)
= Trifolium rotundifolium Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 50 (1838) (non Sm.)
= Trifolium scabrum ssp. dalmaticum (Vis.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 292 (1889)
species :
Trifolium dasyphyllum Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 315 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. dasyphyllum
Name: Alpine clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium lividum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 254 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. anemophilum (Greene) J.M.Gillett; Brittonia 17: 125 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium anemophilum Greene, Pittonia, 4: 139 (1899)
= Trifolium dasyphyllum var. anemophilum (Greene) J.S.Martin ex Isely, Brittonia 32: 55 (1980)
= Trifolium scariosum A.Nelson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 401 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. uintense (Rydb.) J.M.Gillett; Brittonia 17: 125 (1965)
Name: Uinta clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium dasyphyllum f. uintense (Rydb.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 168 (1910)
= Trifolium dasyphyllum var. uintense (Rydb.) J.S.Martin ex Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 56 (1980)
= Trifolium dasyphyllum var. uintense (Rydb.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Naturalist 38(4): 356 (1978)
= Trifolium uintense Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 34: 47 (1907)
species :
Trifolium dasyurum C.Presl; Symb. Bot. 1. 53 (1831)
Name: Östlicher Sternklee (DE); Eastern Star Clover (EN)
Distribution: Libya; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze)
13 GRC KRI 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium formosum d´Urv., Mém. Soc. L. Paris 1: 350 (1822) (non Savi 1810)
= Trifolium formosum var. minus Post, Fl. Syria: 236 (1896)
= Trifolium piliferum Straub. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 176 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium radiatum Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 70 (1813), nomen
= Trifolium velivolum Paine, Palest. Explor. Soc., Third Stat.: 103 (1875)
species :
Trifolium davisii M.Hossain; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 403 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Trifolium decorum Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma, 9: 56 (1911)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium dedeckerae J.M.Gillett; Madrono. 21 (7): 451 (1972)
Name: Dedecker´s clover
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium kingii ssp. dedeckerae (J.M.Gillett) D.Heller, Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 200 (1984)
= Trifolium macilentum var. dedeckerae (J.M.Gillett) Barneby, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 3B: 224 (1989)
species :
Trifolium depauperatum Desv.; J. Bot. 4: 69 (1814)
Name: Cowbag clover
Distribution: USA (California, Michigan, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía); Peru; Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 75 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 83 PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster depauperatus (Desv.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1831)
= Trifolium depauperatum f. laciniatum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 133 (1910)
= Trifolium depauperatum f. lacinifolium McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 142 (1910)
= Trifolium depauperatum var. angustatum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 311 (1901)
= Trifolium depauperatum var. laciniatum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 311 (1901)
= Trifolium laciniatum Greene, Pittonia 1: 7 (1887)
= Trifolium laciniatum var. angustatum Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco 101 (1894)
= Trifolium lineare Greene, Pittonia 1: 6 (1887)
variant :
var. diversifolium (Nutt.) McDermott; N. Am. Sp. Trif. 135 (1910)
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium amplectens var. hydrophilum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 311 (1901)
= Trifolium depauperatum var. hydrophilum (Greene) J.S.Martin ex Isely, Brittonia 32: 55 (1980)
= Trifolium diversifolium Nutt., J. Acad. Philad. N. S. 1: (1847) 152, et Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 4: 9 (1848)
= Trifolium hydrophilum Greene, Man. Bot. San. Franc. Bay 100 (1894)
variant :
var. stenophyllum (Nutt.) McDermott; N. Am. Sp. Trif. 137 (1910)
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium amplectens Greene, Pittonia 1: 6 (1887), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium amplectens var. stenophyllum (Nutt.) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 537 (1925)
= Trifolium amplectens var. truncatum (Greene) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 537 (1925)
= Trifolium anodon Greene, Pittonia 5: 107 (1903)
= Trifolium brachyodon Greene, Pittonia 5: 107 (1903) (non Celak. 1888)
= Trifolium decodon Greene, Pittonia 5: 108 (1903)
= Trifolium depauperatum f. franciscanum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 140 (1910)
= Trifolium depauperatum f. truncatum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 144 (1910)
= Trifolium depauperatum var. truncatum (Greene) J.S.Martin ex Isely, Brittonia 32: 56 (1980)
= Trifolium franciscanum Greene, Man. Bot. San. Franc. Bay 100 (1894)
= Trifolium franciscanum var. truncatum Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 100 (1894)
= Trifolium minutiflorum Greene, Pittonia 3: 215 (1897)
= Trifolium stenophyllum Nutt., J. Acad. Philad. N. S. 1: (1847) 151, et Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 4: 8 (1848)
= Trifolium truncatum (Greene) Greene, Proc. Acad. Philad. 1895 546 (1896)
species :
Trifolium dichotomum Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 330 (1841)
Name: Branched Indian clover
Distribution: USA (California, Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia: Vancouver Isl.)
73 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albopurpureum var. dichotomum (Hook. & Arn.) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 55 (1980)
= Trifolium californicum f. turbinatum (Jeps.) Jeps., McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 217, pl. 88 (1910)
= Trifolium californicum Jeps., L. F. McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 215 (1910)
= Trifolium dichotomum var. turbinatum Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 306 (1901)
= Trifolium macraei var. dichotomum (Hook. & Arn.) W.H.Brewer ex S.Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 129 (1876)
species :
Trifolium dichroanthoides Rech.fil.; Ark. Bot. ser. 2, 1, 5: 306 (1950)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Trifolium dichroanthum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 20 (1849)
Distribution: Cyprus (N-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
34 CYP ISR LEB SIN SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. dichroanthum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 349 (1889)
= Trifolium dichroanthum var. ascalonicum Zohary, Candollea 27: 155 (1972)
= Trifolium roussaeanum ssp. dichroanthum (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
species :
Trifolium diffusum Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. 7: 165 (1792)
Name: Ausgebreiteter Klee (DE)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; ?Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Germany [I]; Crimea; Ukraine; Moldova; SE-European Russia; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
11 CZE ger HUN SLO 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium ciliosum Thuill., Fl. Par. ed. II. 380 (1799)
= Trifolium circumscissum Pers., Syn. 2: 349 (1806)
= Trifolium hirtum ssp. diffusum (Ehrh.) Bonnier, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 40 (1914)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. diffusum (Ehrh.) Gibelli & Bell, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 39: 71 (1889)
= Trifolium pratense var. sylvaticum Salis, Flora, XVII, Beibl.: 57 (1834)
= Trifolium purpurascens Roth, Catalect. Bot. fasc. 3: 74 (1797)
species :
Trifolium dolopium Gibelli & Belli; Malpighia 3: 228 (1889)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis dolopia (Heldr. & Hochst. ex Gibelli & Belli) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium patens var. koronense Hausskn., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 5: 78 (1895)
species :
Trifolium douglasii House; Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 335 (1906)
Name: Douglas´ clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium altissimum Douglas ex Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 130 (1831), nom. illeg., non Loisel.
species :
Trifolium dubium Sibth.; Fl. Oxon.: 231 (1794)
Name: Kleiner Klee (DE), Suckling clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Estonia [I]; Latvia; Lithuania; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Japan [I]; China [I]; Tunisia; Morocco; Azerbaijan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Korea [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); European Turkey; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); Costa Rica [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Tristan da Cunha [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Java [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Peru [I]; Venezuela [I]; Jamaica [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Haiti [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Bolivia [I]; Panama [I]; Colombia [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Ecuador [I]; Tanzania [I]; South Africa [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; La Réunion [I]
10 DEN fin GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 25 tan 27 saf 29 reu 33 aze geo 34 CYP TUR 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 ind pak srl 42 jaw 50 aus lhi nfk 51 auc ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 cos nic pan 81 his jam 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf 91 fal tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus flavus (C.Presl) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis dubia (Sibth.) Greene, Pittonia 3: 206 (1897)
= Chrysaspis dubium (Sibth.) Desv., Obs. Pl. Angers: 165 (1818)
= Trifolium dubium var. atlanticum Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 13: 213 (1922)
= Trifolium dubium var. microphyllum (Ser.) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 517 (2009)
= Trifolium elegans ssp. dubium (Sibth.) Gams, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleur. [Hegi] 4(3): 1289 (1923)
= Trifolium filiforme f. pseudopennatum Hegi, 1289 (1923)
= Trifolium filiforme f. umbellatum (K.Knaf) Gams, 1289 (1923)
= Trifolium filiforme ssp. dubium (Sibth.) Gams, Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 4: 1289 (1923)
= Trifolium filiforme ssp. minus (Sm.) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 77 (1894)
= Trifolium filiforme var. dubium (Sibth.) Fiori & Paol., Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 4: 140 (1907)
= Trifolium filiforme var. major Bab., Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 26 (1839), nom. superfl.
= Trifolium flavum C.Presl, Fl. Sicul. (C. Presl) 1: p. xxi (1826)
= Trifolium luteolum Schur, Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn, 15(2): 179 (1877)
= Trifolium minus Sm., Relhan, Fl. Cantabr. ed. 2: 290 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium minus var. confertum Merino, Broteria, Ser. Bot., 11: 120 (1913)
= Trifolium minus var. microphyllum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 206 (1825)
= Trifolium parvifolium Bunge ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 180 (1878)
= Trifolium praticola Sennen, Diagn. Pl. Espagne Maroc: 13 (1936)
= Trifolium procumbens var. filiforme C.C.Gmel., 241 (1808)
= Trifolium procumbens var. minus (Sm.) DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 563 (1815)
species :
Trifolium echinatum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 216 (1808)
Name: Igel-Klee (DE); Hedgehog Clover (EN)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; S-Romania; Malta; Sicily; Italy; +San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Crimea; Libya; Turkey (Central Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); USA [I] (Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I])
11 ger 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 LBY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium echinatum f. minor Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium echinatum ssp. supinum (Savi) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. FI., 6(2): 590 (1908)
= Trifolium echinatum var. brevidens Thell., Advent. Ruder. Fl. Mannheim: 131 (1907)
= Trifolium echinatum var. procerum (Rochel) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl., 6(2): 590 (1907)
= Trifolium echinatum var. reclinatum (Waldst. & Kit.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl., 6(2): 590 (1907)
= Trifolium echinatum var. trichostomum (Godr.) Thell., Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur, FI., 6(2): 590 (1907)
= Trifolium procerum Rochel, Pl. Banat. Rar.: 50 (1828)
= Trifolium reclinatum Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 3: 299 (1812)
= Trifolium reflexum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 197 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium sefinense Freyn & Bornm.in Freyn, Mem. Herb. Boiss., 13: 5 (1900)
= Trifolium supinum Savi, Observ. Trifol. Sp.: 46 (1810)
= Trifolium trichostomum Godr., Mem. Acad. Montp. (Sect. Medik.) 1: 427 (1853)
= Trifolium waldsteinianum Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 136 (1830), nomen
variant :
var. carmeli (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli; Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 39: 377 (1889)
Distribution: Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Pakistan [I]
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 pak
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium carmeli Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 2: 16 (1856)
= Trifolium carmelii var. serrulatum M.Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 427 (1961)
= Trifolium constantinopolitanum var. carmeli (Boiss.) Thell., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 52: 454 (1907)
= Trifolium echinatum ssp. carmeli (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
= Trifolium echinatum ssp. serrulatum (M.Hossain) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
species :
Trifolium elgonense J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 395 (1952)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; South Sudan; Uganda
24 ETH SSU 25 KEN UGA
species :
Trifolium eriocephalum Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 313 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. eriocephalum
Name: Woollyhead clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium eriocephalum var. butleri Jeps., Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 302 (1936)
= Trifolium scorpioides Blasdale, Erythea 4: 187 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. arcuatum (Piper) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot. 49(3): 400 (1971)
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arcuatum Piper, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 39 (1901)
= Trifolium eriocephalum f. arcuatum (Piper) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 242 (1910)
= Trifolium eriocephalum var. piperi J.S.Martin, Madroño 8: 154 (1946)
subspecies :
subsp. cascadense J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 49 (3): 400 (1971)
Name: Cascade clover
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
subspecies :
subsp. cusickii (Piper) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 49(3): 402 (1971)
Name: Cusick´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arcuatum var. cusickii Piper, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 642 (1902)
= Trifolium austinae Rydb., (1910)
= Trifolium eriocephalum var. cusickii (Piper) J.S.Martin, Madroño 8: 156 (1946)
= Trifolium eriocephalum var. harneyense (Howell) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 243, pl. 99 (1910)
= Trifolium harneyensis Howell, Pacific Coast Pl. Coll. of 1887: [2] (1887)
= Trifolium tropicum A.Nelson, Bot. Gaz. 54: 409 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. martinii J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 49 (3): 401 (1971)
Name: Martin´s clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon)
73 USA
subspecies :
subsp. villiferum (House) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 49(3): 403 (1971)
Name: Fuzzyleaf clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Nevada, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium eriocephalum f. villiferum (House) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 242, pl. 98 (1910)
= Trifolium eriocephalum var. villiferum (House) J.S.Martin, Madroño 8: 156 (1946)
= Trifolium villiferum House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 335 (1906)
species :
Trifolium eriosphaerum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 25 (1849)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium globosum ssp. eriosphaerum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 43: 208 (1893)
= Trifolium globosum var. eriosphaerum (Boiss.) Post, Fl. Syria: 239 (1896)
species :
Trifolium erubescens Fenzl; Pugill. 5 (1842)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Ethiopia
24 ETH 34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis erubescens (Fenzl) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium speciosum var. erubescens (Fenzl) Fenzl, Ill. Pl. Syr.: 14 (1843)
species :
Trifolium euxinum Zohary; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 29: 321 (1969)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Trifolium eximium Steph. ex Ser.; DC. Prod. 2: 203 (1825)
Distribution: China (N-Xinjiang); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster eximius (Stephan ex DC.) Bobrov, Spis. Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR, 20(107-110): 77 (1975), isonym
= Lupinaster eximius (Stephan ex Ser.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1831)
= Trifolium albiflorum Fisch. ex G.Don, Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 299 (1830)
= Trifolium alpinum Pall., Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 123 (1773), nom. illeg., non L.
= Trifolium altaicum Vierh., (1918)
= Trifolium eximium var. albiflorum Fisch. ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 204 (1825)
= Trifolium grandiflorum Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 3: 257 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Ursia eximia (Stephan ex Ser.) A.P.Khokhr., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 31: 138 (1998)
species :
Trifolium fergan-karaeri M.Keskin; Türk. Bitkileri List. 891 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Trifolium fragiferum L.; Sp. Pl.: 772 (1753)
Name: Erdbeerklee (DE); Strawberry Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; China (Xinjiang); Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Ethiopia; ?Sudan; Eritrea; Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Kabul, Qunduz, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Hazara, Baltistan); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh); Azores (Santa Maria Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Chile [I] (Magallanes [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 ERI ETH 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 38 jap 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 bol 85 arg cle uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria bonannii (C.Presl) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Amoria fragifera (L.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Galearia bonannii (C.Presl) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Galearia fragifera (L.) Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1599 (1967), isonym
= Galearia fragifera (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1831)
= Galearia fragifera ssp. bonannii (C.Presl) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium ampulescens Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 89 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Trifolium bonannii C.Presl, J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 51 (1822)
= Trifolium bonannii var. aragonense Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 361 (1877)
= Trifolium congestum Link, Linnaea 9: 584 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium echinatum var. pulchellum Lange, Meddel. Nat. Floren. 2, Aart. 7: 169 (1865)
= Trifolium fragiferum f. divulsum Prechtelsb., Bot. Verein Nürnberg, 493 (1906)
= Trifolium fragiferum f. pulchellum (Lange) Werner Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 163 (1922)
= Trifolium fragiferum f. repentes Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium fragiferum f. rigidifolium Hendrych, 405 (1956)
= Trifolium fragiferum ssp. bonannii (C.Presl) Soják, Novit. Bot. Delect. Seminum Horti Bot. Univ. Carol Prag. 1963: 50 (1963)
= Trifolium fragiferum ssp. glabrum Zubia, Fl. Rioja, 2: 52 (1921)
= Trifolium fragiferum ssp. pulchellum (Lange) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1973)
= Trifolium fragiferum ssp. villosum Zubía, Fl. Rioja 2: 52 (1921)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. alicola Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 22 (1890)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. bonannii (C.Presl) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 23 (1890)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. bonannii (C.Presl) Malag., Syn. Fl. Lbdr., 39: 610 (1976)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. majus Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 91 (1899)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. proliferum Bernard ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2(: 203 (1825)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. pulchellum Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1865: 169 (1865)
= Trifolium involucratum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 283 (1867) non Ortega
= Trifolium neglectum Fisch., C.A.Mey. & Avé-Lall., Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 9(Suppl.): 21 (1844)
= Xerosphaera fragifera (L.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
= Xerosphaera fragifera ssp. bonannii (C.Presl) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
variant :
var. modestum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 22 (1890)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium modestum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 27 (1849)
= Galearia modesta (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
variant :
var. orthodon Zohary; Israel J. Bot. 19: 320 (1970)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Trifolium friscanum (S.L.Welsh) S.L.Welsh; Rhodora, 95(883-884): 407 (1993)
Name: Frisco clover
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium andersonii var. friscanum S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Naturalist 38(3): 355 (1978)
species :
Trifolium fucatum Lindl.; Bot. Reg., t. 1883 (1836)
Name: Bull. clover
Distribution: USA (California, Michigan, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flavulum Greene, Pittonia, 2: (1892) 223
= Trifolium fucatum f. flavulum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 158 (1910)
= Trifolium fucatum f. virescens (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 152 (1910)
= Trifolium fucatum var. flavulum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 310 (1901)
= Trifolium fucatum var. gambelii (Nutt.) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif.: 311 (1901)
= Trifolium fucatum var. virescens (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 311 (1901)
= Trifolium gambelii Nutt., J. Acad. Philad. N. S. 1: (1847) 151, et in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 4: 8 (1848)
= Trifolium physopetalum Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 3: 47 (1837)
= Trifolium virescens Greene, Pittonia 2: 223 (1892)
species :
Trifolium gemellum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1376 (1802)
subspecies :
subsp. gemellum
Name: Spanish clover
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Algeria; Morocco; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); USA [I] (California [I])
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bastetanum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52: 448 (1905)
= Trifolium gemellum var. leucocephalum Zohary, Candollea. 27(1): 140 (1972)
= Trifolium gemellum var. pedunculatum Maire, Weiller & Wilczek, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 120 (1935)
= Trifolium gemellum var. phyllocephalum Zohary, Candollea. 27(1): 140 (1972)
= Trifolium phleoides ssp. gemellum (Pourr. ex Willd.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 282 (1889)
= Trifolium phleoides ssp. pseudogemellum Thell., Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 539 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. atlanticum (Ball) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 28: 54 (2004)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium atlanticum Ball, J. Bot. (London) 11: 306 (1873)
= Trifolium gemellum var. atlanticum (Ball) Maire, Jah. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 391 (1932)
= Trifolium gemellum var. tastetii (Pau) Devesa, Lagascalia, 21(2): 365 (2000)
= Trifolium striatum var. atlanticum (Ball) Pau & Font Quer, Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1927: no. 306 (1928)
= Trifolium striatum var. tastetii Pau, Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927: n 307 (1928) (in sched.)
= Trifolium tastetii (Pau) Maire, Cavanillesia, 2: 53 (1929)
species :
Trifolium gillettianum Jacq.-Fél.; Adansonia, no. s., 9: 553 (1970)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Trifolium glanduliferum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 30 (1843)
Distribution: Greece; European Turkey; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC TUE 34 EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium tmoleum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 141 (1872)
= Trifolium glanduliferum var. tmoleum (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 141 (1872)
variant :
var. nervulosum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Zohary; Fl. Palaestina. 2: 175 (1972)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; European Turkey; Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
13 ALB GRC TUE 34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Paramesus nervulosus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium galilaeum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 26 (1849)
= Trifolium glanduliferum ssp. nervulosum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium nervulosum Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 25 (1849)
= Trifolium nervulosum var. galilaeum (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 142 (1872)
species :
Trifolium globosum L.; Sp. Pl.: 767 (1753)
Name: Kugelblütiger Klee (DE); Globe-flower Clover (EN)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Macedonia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); European Turkey
13 BUL GRC NMA TUE 34 CYP EAI TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum globosum (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Trifolium libanoticum Ehrenb. ex Sweet, Hort. Brit. [Sweet], ed. 2. 137 (1830)
= Trifolium nidificum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 32 (1843)
= Trifolium radiosum Wahlenb., Berggren, Resor Eur. Österländ. 2(Bih.): 43 (1826)
species :
Trifolium glomeratum L.; Sp. Pl.: 770 (1753)
Name: Knäuel-Klee (DE); Clustered Clover (EN)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Maui [I]); South Africa [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
10 GRB IRE 11 ger 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 saf 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB TUR 38 jap nns 40 srl 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 73 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: Subgen. Amoria
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria glomerata (L.) R.M.Burton, Fl. London Area: 225 (1983), isonym
= Amoria glomerata (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Micrantheum glomeratum (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 48 (1831)
= Microphyton glomeratum (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Trifolium axillare Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 84: 10 (1893)
= Trifolium duodecimnerve Loscos, Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 357 (1877)
= Trifolium glomeratum var. condensatum Ball, Spicil. Fl. Marocc. [Ball]: 419 (1878)
= Trifolium glomeratum var. duodecimnerve Loscos & J.Pardo, Ser. Inconf. Pl. Aragon.: 29 (1863)
species :
Trifolium gordejevii (Kom.) E.Small; Taxon, 36(3): 580 (1987)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin); Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster gordeievii (Kom.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75: 717 (1990)
= Medicago gordeievi Kom., Notul. Syst. (Paris) Herb. Hort. Petrop. 2: 133 (1921), et Kom. i Alis. Opred. Rast. Dal´nevost. Kraya, 2: 661 (1932)
= Melilotoides gordejevii (Kom.) Soják, Sborn. Nár. Muz. Praze, 1982(1-2): 104 (1982)
= Melissitus gordejevii (Kom.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 19 (1976)
= Trifolium gordejevii (Kom.) N.S.Pavlova, Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 4: 330 (1989), isonym
= Trifolium gordejevii (Kom.) Z.Wei, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(9): 82 (1980)
= Trigonella gordejevii (Kom.) Grossh., Fl. URSS, ed. Kom., 11: 129 (1945)
= Ursia gordejevii (Kom.) Vassilcz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 16: 133 (1979)
species :
Trifolium gracilentum Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 1: 316 (1838)
Name: Pinpoint clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte); Isla Guadalupe
73 USA 76 USA 78 USA 79 GLP MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium denudatum Nutt., J. Acad. Philad. N. S. 1: (1847) 152
= Trifolium exile Greene, Pittonia 1: 6 (1887)
= Trifolium gracilentum f. exile (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 300 (1910)
= Trifolium gracilentum var. exile (Greene) P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 5: 10 (1909)
= Trifolium gracilentum var. inconspicuum Fernald, Zoe 4: 380 (1894)
= Trifolium gracilentum var. reductum Parish, Bot. Gaz. 65: 338 (1918)
= Trifolium inconspicuum (Fernald) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 135 (1906)
species :
Trifolium grandiflorum Schreb.; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 3: 477 (1767)
Name: Großblütiger Klee (DE); Large-flower Hop Clover (EN)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus speciosus (Willd.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis grandiflora (Schreb.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium graecum Griseb., Bericht. 62 (1847)
= Trifolium gussonei Tineo, Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill. 1: 17 (1817)
= Trifolium plicatum C.Presl ex Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. II. 137 (1830)
= Trifolium speciosum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1382 (1802)
= Trifolium violaceum Davidov, Trav. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. 8: 69 (1915)
species :
Trifolium gymnocarpon Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N Am. 1: 320 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. gymnocarpon
Name: Hollyleaf clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium gymnocarpon var. subcaulescens (A.Gray) A.Nelson, Coult. & Nels., Man. Bot. Rocky Mt., ed. 2: 279 (1909)
= Trifolium nemorale Greene, Pittonia 4: 136 (1900)
= Trifolium subcaulescens A.Gray, Ives, Rep. Colorado R. 4: 10 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. plummerae (S.Watson) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 50(10): (1994 publ. 1972)
Name: Plummer´s clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium gymnocarpon f. plummerae (S.Watson) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 192 (1910)
= Trifolium gymnocarpon var. plummerae (S.Watson) J.S.Martin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 73: 368 (1946)
= Trifolium plummerae S.Watson, Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 2: 440 (1880)
species :
Trifolium hatschbachii Vincent & Butterworth; Phytologia 99(2): 111 (2017)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay; NE-Argentina
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
species :
Trifolium haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 125 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium candollei Post, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 425 (1888)
= Trifolium haussknechtii var. candollei (Post) Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 423 (1961)
species :
Trifolium haydenii Porter; Hayd. Rep. 480 (1871)
Name: Hayden´s clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium idahoense L.F.Hend., Madroño 3: 230 (1936)
species :
Trifolium heldreichianum (Gibelli & Belli) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 5: 72 (1893)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flexuosum ssp. heldreichianum Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Reale Accad. Sci. Tor. ser. 2, 39: 333 (1889)
= Trifolium medium ssp. heldreichianum (Gibelli & Belli) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mittele. Fl. 6(2): 570 (1908)
species :
Trifolium hickeyi T.K.Ahlq. & Vincent; Phytoneuron 2020-19: 1 (2020)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Jalisco, México State, Oaxaca, Puebla); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Trifolium hirtum All.; Auct. Fl. Pedem. 20 (1789)
Name: Rosenfarbiger Klee (DE); Rose Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; ?Romania; Crimea; Algeria; Morocco; Germany [I]; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Belarus [I]; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA MNT NMA SRB TUE 14 blr KRY RUS 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 38 jap nns 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium hirsutum Ten., Fl. Nap., 5: 143 (1836)
= Trifolium hirsutum var. pictum (Roth) Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 143 (1836)
= Trifolium hirtum f. ramosum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium hirtum var. minutum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium hirtum var. pictum (Roth) Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 196 (1825)
= Trifolium hirtum var. pygmaeum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 196 (1825)
= Trifolium hirtum var. urumovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium hispidum Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 200 (1799)
= Trifolium laguroides Pourr. ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 261 (1822)
= Trifolium oxypetalum Heldr. & Sart. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 174 (1878)
= Trifolium pictum Roth, Catalect. fasc. 2: 101 (1800)
species :
Trifolium howellii S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 23: 262 (1888)
Name: Canyon clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
species :
Trifolium humile Ball; J. Bot. 11: 305 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco (High Atlas)
20 MOR
Remarks: possibly a synonym of T. thalii
species :
Trifolium hybridum L.; Sp. Pl.: 766 (1753)
Name: Schweden-Klee (DE), Alsike clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Romania; Albania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Denmark [I]; Finland [I]; Germany [I]; Ireland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Norway [I]; Poland [I]; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Sweden [I]; Spain; Portugal [I]; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; China [I]; Korea [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); India [c]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Chile [I] (Biobío [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I]); Peru [I]; Colombia [I]; New Zealand [I]; South Africa [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 AUT bgm CZE ger HUN LIE lux net pol SLO SWI 12 cis FRA por SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 chi 38 jap kor nns 40 ind 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 70 ask 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 82 clm 83 per 85 cle 91 fal sge
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria hybrida (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium bicolor Moench, Methodus 111 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium caespitosum Eichw., Skizze, 166 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium elegans ssp. fistulosum Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 82 (1899)
= Trifolium elegans ssp. hybridum (L.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Franç.: 78 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium elegans var. phyllanthum Lej., Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 45 (1836)
= Trifolium fistulosum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 86 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Trifolium formosum Savi, Obs. Trif. 102 (1810)
= Trifolium hybridum f. albiflorum Moldenke, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 35: 345 (1946)
= Trifolium hybridum f. allioideum Dore, Canad. Field-Naturalist 73: 153 (1959)
= Trifolium hybridum f. coloratum Brenner, Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 37: 37 (1911)
= Trifolium hybridum f. minus Hendrych, 403 (1956)
= Trifolium hybridum f. proliferum Dore, Canad. Field-Naturalist 73: 150 (1959)
= Trifolium hybridum f. pseudocaespitosum (Murr) Gams, 1300 (1923)
= Trifolium hybridum ssp. fistulosum (Döll) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 496 (1907)
= Trifolium hybridum var. dumetorum Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(2): 40 (1829)
= Trifolium hybridum var. fistulosum Döll, 807 (1843)
= Trifolium hybridum var. pratense Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(2): 40 (1829)
= Trifolium hybridum var. prostratum Sond., 406 (1851)
= Trifolium hybridum var. pseudocaespitosum Murr, 175 (1923)
= Trifolium intermedium Lapeyr., Suppl. Hist. Pl. Pyr. 115 (1818)
= Trifolium michelianum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 573 (1829) (non Sav. 1798)
= Trifolium polyanthemum Ten. ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 200 (1825), pro syn.
= Trifolium vaillantii Poir., Encycl. 8: 4 (1808)
variant :
var. anatolicum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 146 (1872)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey; Iraq; Iran; Argentina [I]
13 BUL GRC 34 IRN IRQ TUR 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium anatolicum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 31 (1843)
= Trifolium hybridum ssp. anatolicum (Boiss.) M.Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 466 (1961)
= Trifolium parvulum Beck ex Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 25 (1886)
variant :
var. elegans (Savi) Döll; 807 (1843)
Name: Schöner Schweden-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Spain; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Bulgaria; Hungary; Greece; European Turkey; Germany [I]; Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Morocco; Algeria
11 ger HUN 12 cis FRA SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA SLV TUE 20 ALG MOR 33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria elegans (Savi) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Amoria hybrida ssp. elegans (Savi) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium decumbens F.W.Schultz, Arch. Fl. 2: 272 (1858)
= Trifolium elegans Savi, Fl. Pis. 2: 161 (1798)
= Trifolium hybridum ssp. elegans (Savi) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 496 (1907)
= Trifolium hybridum var. elegans (Savi) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 146 (1872)
= Trifolium hybridum var. pratense Rabenh., Fl. Lusat., 1: 198 (1839)
species :
Trifolium incarnatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 769 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. incarnatum
Name: Inkarnatklee (DE), Crimson clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; England; Channel Isl. [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Liechtenstein [I]; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Spain; Portugal [I]; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia [I]; Bulgaria; Crimea; W-European Russia; Estonia [I]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [I]; Ukraine [I]; Moldova [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Russian Far East [I]; Japan [I]; China [I]; Korea [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); South Africa [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I]); Bolivia [I]; Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Egypt (Nile Delta); Azores (Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I]); New Zealand [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I]); Honduras [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE ger HUN lie NET POL SLO SWI 12 cis COR FRA por SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL ITA MNT ROM SIC slv SMA SRB 14 blr est KRY lit mld ukr 20 alg EGY mor 21 AZO MDR 27 saf 31 rfe 33 aze geo NCS 34 TUR 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 ind pak 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 hon 83 bol 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium incarnatum f. albiflorum Merino, Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 10: 183 (1912)
= Trifolium incarnatum f. minor Barnola, Mem. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 1: 50 (1919), nomen
= Trifolium incarnatum f. roseum (Rouy) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 311 (1954)
= Trifolium incarnatum f. scandens (A.F.Schwarz) Gams, 1330 (1923)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. album Alef., Landw. Fl.: 79 (1866)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. atropurpureum Alef., Landw. Fl.: 78 (1866)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. carneum Alef., Landw. Fl.: 78 (1866)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. elatius Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 54 & 57 (1889)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. intermedium Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. minor Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. noisettii Alef., Landw. Fl.: 79 (1866)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. sativum Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 169 (1869)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. scandens A.F.Schwarz, 187 (1899)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. vilmorinii Alef., Landw. Fl.: 79 (1866)
= Trifolium noeanum Rchb., Exsicc. (Fl. Germ.) 1838: no. 1366 (1838)
= Trifolium stellatum ssp. incarnatum (L.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 54 (1889)
= Trifolium stellatum var. elatius Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 296 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. molinerii (Balb. ex Hornem.) Ces.; Car. Catt., 292 (1844)
Name: Molineri-Inkarnat-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Turkey; Channel Isl. [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 cis COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB 14 KRY 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alopecuroides Kit., Linnaea, 32: 619 (1863) non Pers.
= Trifolium incarnatum proles molinerii (Balb. ex Hornem.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 557 (1936)
= Trifolium incarnatum ssp. molinerii (Balb. ex Hornem.) Ces., Notiz. Nat. Civil. Lombardia, 1: 292 (1844)
= Trifolium incarnatum ssp. molinerii (Hornem.) Syme, Sowerby, Engl. Bot. ed. 3 [B], 3: 45 (1864)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. albiflorum Cariot & St.-Lag., Etude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 175 (1889)
= Trifolium incarnatum var. molinerii (Balb. ex Hornem.) DC., 556 (1815)
= Trifolium molinerii Balb., Cat. Hort. Taur. (1813) App. 1: 17 (nom. nud.)
= Trifolium molinerii Balb. ex Hornem., Hort Bot. Hafn. 715 (1815)
= Trifolium molinerii Colla, Herb. Pedem. 2: 134 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium noeanum Rchb. ex W.D.J.Koch, Roehl. Deutschl. Fl. ed. III. 5: 265 (1839) (pro syn.)
= Trifolium stellatum ssp. stramineum (C.Presl) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accnd. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 55 (1889)
= Trifolium stellatum subvar. stramineum (C.Presl) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 298 (1889)
= Trifolium stramineum C.Presl, Fl. Sicula: 20: (1826)
species :
Trifolium infamia-ponertii Greuter; Candollea 31: 215 (1976), nom. nov.
Name: Ponerts Klee (DE); Ponert´s Clover (EN)
Distribution: Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco
13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. gibellianum Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 107: 217 (1973) (nom. illeg.)
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. intermedium (Gibelli & Belli) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 495 (1894)
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. intermedium (Guss.) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 418 (1976), isonym
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. intermedium (Guss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 637 (1973), isonym
= Trifolium angustifolium var. acrogymnum Maire, Pl. Maroc. Nov. 1: 3 (1929)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. acrolophum Maire, Pl. Maroc. Nov. 1: 3 (1929)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. intermedium (Guss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 342 (1889)
= Trifolium intermedium Guss., Cat. Pl. Hort. Boccadifalco: 82 (1821) (non Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrenées: 437 (1813))
species :
Trifolium israeliticum D.Zohary & Katzn.; Austral. J. Bot. 6: 179 (1958)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium subterraneum var. telavivense Eig, Bull. Inst. Agric. Nat. Hist. Tel-Aviv 6: 25 (1927)
species :
Trifolium isthmocarpum Brot.; Phytogr. Lusit. Select. 1: 148 (1816)
Name: Schmalfrüchtiger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; SW- & C-Spain; Gibraltar; Corsica; Sicily; Italy; France [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 COR fra GIB POR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 mdr 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria isthmocarpa (Brot.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1832)
= Trifolium erythraeum Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 420 (1878)
= Trifolium isthmocarpum proles jaminianum (Boiss.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 84 (1899)
= Trifolium isthmocarpum ssp. jaminianum (Boiss.) Murb., Acta Univ. Lund 33(12): 67 (1897)
= Trifolium isthmocarpum var. jaminianum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 22: 415 (1882)
= Trifolium jaminianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl Orient. ser. 2, 2: 19 (1856)
= Trifolium mauritanicum Salzm. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 420 (1878)
= Trifolium mutelii Gren., Acad. Sc. Besanc. Seances Publ. (1838) 127
= Trifolium rouxii Gren., Mem. Soc. Emul. Doubs, Sez. III. 2: 413 (1858)
= Trifolium rubicundum Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 420 (1878)
= Trifolium strangulatum A.Huet, Pl. Sic. Exsicc. (1855)
species :
Trifolium jokerstii Vincent & R.Morgan; Novon, 8(1): 91 (1998)
Name: Jim´s clover
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Trifolium juliani Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. (1887) 387; et in Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 235 (1889)
Name: Julien-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Tunisia; Algeria; France [I]; Italy [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 fra 13 ita 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium daveauanum Thell., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 282 (1907)
species :
Trifolium kentuckiense Chapel & Vincent; Phytoneuron 2013-63: 4 (2013)
Distribution: USA (Kentucky: Franklin Co., Woodford Co.)
78 USA
species :
Trifolium kingii S.Watson; Bot. King´s Rep. 5: 59 (1871)
subspecies :
subsp. kingii
Name: King´s clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. macilentum (Greene) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 50(10): 2007 (1972)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium macilentum Greene, Pittonia, 3: 223 (1897)
= Trifolium kingii var. macilentum (Greene) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 56 (1980)
species :
Trifolium kurdistanicum S.Yousefi, Assadi & Ghaderi; Phytotaxa 297(2): 217 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Trifolium lanceolatum (J.B.Gillett) J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 24: 219 (1970)
Distribution: Ethiopia [I]; Kenya; Tanzania
24 eth 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium rueppellianum var. lanceolatum J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7: 390 (1952)
species :
Trifolium lappaceum L.; Sp. Pl.: 768 (1753)
Name: Kletten-Klee (DE); Bur Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Tasmania [I]); Turkey (NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran, N-Iran, ?NW-Iran); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Jorge, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Tenerife, La Gomera); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I]); Uruguay [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 77 usa 78 usa 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium carteiense Coincy, J. Bot. (Morot) 13: 163 (1899)
= Trifolium issajevii Khalilov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerb. SSR, 22: No. 11, 66 (1967)
= Trifolium lappaceum ssp. adrianopolitanum Velen., Fl. Bulg. Supp.: 80 (1898)
= Trifolium lappaceum ssp. brevidens (Halácsy) H.Lindb., Iter Cypr.: 20 (1946)
= Trifolium lappaceum ssp. selinuntinum Tineo ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Europ., Suppl., 2: 90 (1889)
= Trifolium lappaceum var. brachyodontulum Hausskn., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.f., 5: 75 (1893)
= Trifolium lappaceum var. carteiense (Coincy) Pau, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 12: 314 (1924)
= Trifolium lappaceum var. rhodense (Pamp.) Rchb.fil., Fl. Aeg: 368 (1942)
= Trifolium nervosum C.Presl, Fl. Sic., 1: 21 (1826)
= Trifolium rhodense Pamp., Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1925: 142 (1925)
= Triphylloides rigida Moench, Methodus : 509 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Tritonum lappaceum var. brachyodontulum Hausskn., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F., 5: 75 (1893)
variant :
var. zoharyi Eig; Bull. Inst. Agr. Nat. Hist. 6. 24 (1927)
Distribution: Lebanon; Palestine; Iran; Egypt
20 EGY 34 IRN LEB PAL
species :
Trifolium latifolium (Hook.) Greene; Pittonia, 3: 223 (1897)
Name: Twin clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium aitonii Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 46 (1907)
= Trifolium howellii var. latifolium (Hook.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 267, pl. 112 (1910)
= Trifolium longipes var. latifolium Hook., London J. Bot. 6: 209 (1847)
= Trifolium orbiculatum P.B.Kenn. & McDermott, Muhlenbergia 3: 8 (1907)
species :
Trifolium latinum Sebast.; Roman. Pl. Fasc. Prim.: 7. (1813)
Distribution: France; Italy; Bulgaria; Greece; ?Macedonia; Turkey (W-Anatolia); Myanmar [I]
12 FRA 13 BUL GRC ITA 34 TUR 41 mya
species :
Trifolium leibergii A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.; Bot. Gaz., 65: 58 (1918)
Name: Leiberg´s clover
Distribution: +USA (+Nevada, +Oregon)
73 USA
Remarks: known only from type collections
species :
Trifolium lemmonii S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 127 (1876)
Name: Lemmon´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster lemmonii (S.Watson) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 22 (1976)
= Trifolium gymnocarpon var. lemmonii (S.Watson) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 194 (1910)
species :
Trifolium leucanthum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 214 (1808)
Name: Fahlblütiger Klee (DE); Pale-flowered Clover (EN)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Portugal; Spain; France [I]; Crimea; Libya; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (N-Israel); Syria (Jazira)
12 COR fra POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium dipsaceum ssp. leucanthum (M.Bieb.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39 369 (1889)
= Trifolium leucanthum var. declinatum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 128 (1872)
= Trifolium leucotrichum Petrovic, Fl. Agr. Nyss. 228 (1882)
= Trifolium malacanthum Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 261 (1822)
= Trifolium obscurum Guss., Cat. Pl. Boccadif.: 65 (1821), non Savi (1810)
= Trifolium reclinatum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 21 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium sachokianum Grossh., Trud. Geobot. Obsl. Pastb. S. S. R. Azerb., Baku (Trans. Geobot. Invest. Pasturelands, Azerb.) Ser. A. No. 7, 94 (1931)
= Trifolium variabile Guss. ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 197 (1825), nomen
species :
Trifolium ligusticum Loisel.; Fl. Gall.: 731 (1807)
Name: Ligurischer Klee (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Germany [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I]); Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
11 ger 12 ADO BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 34 LEB TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium aristatum Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 712 (1815)
= Trifolium aristatum Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 52, nomen
= Trifolium aristatum Willd. ex Schltr., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 52 (1813)
= Trifolium arrectisetum Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 1: 152, t. 63 (1816)
= Trifolium broteroi Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 262 (1822)
= Trifolium conicum Lag., Gen. Sp. Pl., 23: 305 (1816), non Pers. in Savi (1810)
= Trifolium gemellum Savi, Atti Acc. Ital. 1: 202
= Trifolium lagascanum Ser., Prodr. (DC.) 2: 194 (1825)
species :
Trifolium longidentatum Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 35: 69, t. 3 & 76 (1923)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Trifolium longipes Nutt.; Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 314 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. longipes
Name: Longstalk clover
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium subcaulescens S.Watson, Botany [Fortieth Parallel]: 59 (1871), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. atrorubens (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 303 (1936)
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium atrorubens (Greene) House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 336 (1906)
= Trifolium longipes f. atrorubens (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 256 (1910)
= Trifolium longipes ssp. atrorubens (Greene) J.M.Gillett, Can. Jour. Bot. 47: 108 (1969)
= Trifolium rusbyi var. atrorubens Greene, Erythea 4: 66 (1896)
variant :
var. elmeri (Greene) McDermott; Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 253 (1910)
Name: Elmer´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium elmeri Greene, Pittonia, 3: 223 (1897)
= Trifolium longipes ssp. elmeri (Greene) J.M.Gillett, Can. Jour. Bot. 47: 111 (1969)
variant :
var. hansenii (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 302, 303 (1936)
Name: Hansen´s clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium hansenii Greene, Erythea 3: 17 (1895)
= Trifolium longipes f. hansenii (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 250 (1910)
= Trifolium longipes ssp. hansenii (Greene) J.M.Gillett, Can. Jour. Bot. 47: 109 (1969)
= Trifolium longipes var. nevadense Jeps., Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 303 (1936)
variant :
var. multipedunculatum (P.B.Kenn.) J.S.Martin ex Isely; Brittonia, 32(1): 56 (1980)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes ssp. multipedunculatum (P.B.Kenn.) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot. 47: 101 (1969)
= Trifolium multipedunculatum P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia, 5: 59 (1909)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. multipedunculatum (P.B.Kenn.) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 173 (1984)
variant :
var. neurophyllum (Greene) J.S.Martin ex Isely; Brittonia, 32(1): 57 (1980)
Name: White Mountain clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes f. neurophyllum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 257, pl. 105 (1910)
= Trifolium longipes ssp. neurophyllum (Greene) J.M.Gillett, Gen. Techn. Rep. R. M., U. S. Forest Serv. RM-GTR-283: 262, fig. 2 (map) (1996)
= Trifolium neurophyllum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 154 (1905)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. neurophyllum (Greene) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 176 (1984)
variant :
var. oreganum (Howell) Isely; Brittonia, 32(1): 57 (1980)
Name: Oregon clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes ssp. oreganum (Howell) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot. 47: 103 (1969)
= Trifolium oreganum f. brachypus McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 261 (1910)
= Trifolium oreganum Howell, Erythea 1: 110 (1893)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. oreganum (Howell) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 173 (1984)
variant :
var. pedunculatum (Rydb.) C.L.Hitchc.; Fl. Pacific Northwest: 277 (1973)
Distribution: USA (Idaho)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes ssp. pedunculatum (Rydb.) J.M.Gillett, Can. Jour. Bot. 47: 109 (1969)
= Trifolium longipes var. pedunculatum (Rydb.) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 57 (1980), isonym
= Trifolium pedunculatum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 254 (1903)
variant :
var. rusbyi (Greene) H.D.Harr.; Man. Pl. Colorado: 641 (1954)
Name: Pygmy clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah); Mexico (Durango)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium brachypus (Watson) Blank., Sci. Stud. Montana Coll. Agric., Bot. 1: 81 (1905)
= Trifolium confusum Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 46 (1907)
= Trifolium longipes ssp. pygmaeum (A.Gray) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot. 47: 102 (1969)
= Trifolium longipes var. brachypus S.Watson, Bibliogr. Index N. Amer. Bot. 264 (1878)
= Trifolium longipes var. pygmaeum A.Gray, Rep. Colorado R. (Ives) 4: 9 (1860)
= Trifolium longipes var. rusbyi (Greene) H.D.Harr., (1954)
= Trifolium oreganum f. brachypus (Watson) McDermott, (1910)
= Trifolium oreganum f. rusbyi (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 260 (1910)
= Trifolium rusbyi Greene, Pittonia, 1: 5 (1887)
variant :
var. reflexum A.Nelson; Wyoming Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 28: 94 (1896)
Name: Droopflower clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes ssp. reflexum (A.Nelson) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot. 47: 105 (1969)
= Trifolium oreganum var. rydbergii (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 261, pl. 109 (1910)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. reflexum (A.Nelson) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 175 (1984)
= Trifolium rydbergii Greene, Pittonia 3: 222 (1897)
variant :
var. shastense (House) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 303 (1936)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longipes ssp. shastense (House) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot. 47: 104 (1969)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. shastense (House) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 175 (1984)
= Trifolium shastense House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 336 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. caurinum (Piper) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot. 47: 104 (1969)
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium caurinum Piper, Erythea 6: 29 (1898)
= Trifolium covillei House, Bot. Gaz. 41: 337 (1906)
= Trifolium longipes f. caurinum (Piper) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 250 (1910)
= Trifolium longipes var. multiovulatum (Hend.) C.L.Hitchc., Fl. Pacific Northwest: 277 (1973)
= Trifolium oreganum var. multiovulatum L.F.Hend., Madroño 3: 231 (1936)
= Trifolium rusbyi ssp. caurinum (Piper) D.Heller & Zohary, Genus Trifolium: 175 (1984)
species :
Trifolium lucanicum Gasp.; Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 494 (1832)
Distribution: SW-Spain; France; Corsica; Malta; Sicily; Italy; ?Montenegro; Croatia; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
12 COR FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 33 AZE NCS 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium compactum Post, Fl. Syria: 239 (1896)
= Trifolium scabrum ssp. lucanicum (Gasp. ex Guss.) Arcang., Compl. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 493)
= Trifolium scabrum ssp. lucanicum (Guss.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 493 (1894)
= Trifolium scabrum ssp. turcicum (Velen.) Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss Cl. 1893(37): 23 (1894)
= Trifolium scabrum var. lucanicum (Gasp. ex Guss.) Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Gr.,1: 391 (1901)
= Trifolium scabrum var. majus Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 287 (1889)
= Trifolium striatum ssp. dalmaticum Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 79 (1894)
= Trifolium striatum var. dalmaticum (Vis.) Gill. & Magne, 103 (1863)
species :
Trifolium lugardii Bullock; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 494 (1932)
Distribution: Kenya; Uganda
25 KEN UGA
species :
Trifolium lupinaster L.; Sp. Pl. 766 (1753)
Name: Lupine clover (EN), Lupinen-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Poland; Slovakia; Romania; Germany [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Moldova; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Mongolia; China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Xinjiang); North Korea; South Korea; Alaska [I]
11 ger POL SLO 13 ROM 14 BLR lat LIT MLD RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ask
Remarks: Subgen. Lupinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster albens Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 552 (1843)
= Lupinaster albus Link, Handb. 2: 174 (1831)
= Lupinaster baicalensis (Belyaeva & Sipliv.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 717 (1990)
= Lupinaster litwinowii (Iljin) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 717 (1990)
= Lupinaster pacificus (Bobrov) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 22 (1976)
= Lupinaster pacificus (Bobrov) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980), isonym
= Lupinaster pentaphyllus Moench, Meth. Suppl. 50 (1802)
= Lupinaster pentaphyllus ssp. albiflorus (Ser.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Lupinaster pentaphyllus ssp. albus (Link) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 32: 185 (2000)
= Lupinaster pentaphyllus ssp. angustifolius (Litv.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Lupinaster pentaphyllus var. albiflorus (Ser.) Bobrov, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 6: 209 (1987)
= Lupinaster popovii Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 717 (1990)
= Lupinaster purpurascens Fisch. ex DC., Prodr. 2: 204 (1825)
= Lupinaster romanicus (D.Brandza) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 215 (1984)
= Lupinaster spryginii (Belyaeva & Sipliv.) Knjaz., Phytodiversity E. Eur. 14: 3 (2020)
= Pentaphyllon ammani Ledeb., Ind. Sem. Hort. Dorpat. (1823) 5
= Pentaphyllon lupinaster (L.) Pers., Syn. 2: 352 (1807)
= Trifolium albens Fisch. ex G.Don, Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 300 (1830)
= Trifolium angustifolium (Litv.) Iljin, Mater. Istorii Fl. Rastitel´n. S.S.S.R. 4: 213 (1963), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium baicalense Belyaeva & Sipliv., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 60 (6): 819 (1975)
= Trifolium ciswolgense Sprygin ex Iljin & Truchaleva, Coolpt. Rend. Acad. Sci. URSS, 132: 219 (1960) nom. invalid.
= Trifolium dimidiatum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 333 (1796)
= Trifolium litwinowii Iljin, Mat. Hist. Fl. & Veg. URSS, Fasc. 4, 213 (1963)
= Trifolium lupinaster f. albiflorum (Ser.) P.Y.Fu & Y.A.Chen, Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 5: 79 (1976)
= Trifolium lupinaster f. alpinum (Nakai) M.Park, Herb. Pl. Kor. (Dicot.): 242 (1974)
= Trifolium lupinaster f. angustifolium Litv., Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 5: 43 (1905)
= Trifolium lupinaster f. purpureum Regel, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 44 (1861)
= Trifolium lupinaster ssp. angustifolium (Litv.) Bobrov
= Trifolium lupinaster ssp. pacificum (Bobrov) Kamelin, Mater. Istorii Fl. Azii (Altaisk. Garn. Strana): 122 (1998)
= Trifolium lupinaster ssp. popovii (Roskov) Kamelin, Mater. Istorii Fl. Azii (Altaisk. Gorn. Strana): 122 (1998)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. albiflorum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 204 (1825)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. alpinum Nakai, Saishu-to Kuan-to Shokubutsu Hokoku-sho [Fl. Quelpaert Isl.]: 56 (1914)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. oblongifolium Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 204 (1825)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. pumilum Popov, Konspekt Fl. Pober. Baikal: 213 (1966)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. purpurascens Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 3: 258 (1831)
= Trifolium lupinaster var. pygmaeum Regel & Herder, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(I): 561 (1866)
= Trifolium lupinastrum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 136 (1880)
= Trifolium pacificum Bobrov, Yubil. Sbornik V. L. Komarouv 140 (1939)
= Trifolium popovii (Roskov) Gubanov & Kamelin, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 97(5): 64 (1992)
= Trifolium romanicum D.Brandza, Anal. Acad. Romane Ser. A 25: 153 (1904)
= Trifolium spryginii Belyaeva & Sipliv., Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 10 (6): 819 (1975)
species :
Trifolium macraei Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 179 (1883)
Name: Chilean clover
Distribution: Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule); USA (California, Massachusetts [I], Oregon)
73 USA 75 USA 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bicephalum Elmer, Bot. Gaz. 41: 312 (1906)
= Trifolium catalinae S.Watson ex Brandegee, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 25: 128 (1890)
= Trifolium macraei f. catalinae (Watson) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 204, pl. 82 (1910)
= Trifolium mercedense P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 9: 17 (1913)
= Trifolium traskiae P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia 9: 19 (1913)
species :
Trifolium macrocephalum (Pursh) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 336 (1817)
Name: Largehead clover
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster macrocephalus Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 479 (1813)
= Pentaphyllon macrocephalum (Pursh) Spreng., Syst. 3: 286 (1826)
= Trifolium macrocephalum var. caeruleomontanum H.St.John, Fl. S.-E. Washington: 237 (1937)
= Trifolium megacephalum Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 105 (1818)
species :
Trifolium masaiense J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull., 1952: 387 (1952)
subspecies :
subsp. masaiense
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
subspecies :
subsp. morotoense J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 24: 218 (1970)
Distribution: Uganda
25 UGA
species :
Trifolium mattirolianum Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma, 9: 57 (1911)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium mazanderanicum Rech.fil.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 51: 401 (1941)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Trifolium medium L.; Amoen. Acad. 4: 105 (1759)
Name: Zickzack-Klee (DE), Zigzag clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Kazakhstan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; ?Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]; Japan [I]; China [I]; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); South Africa [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I]); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 27 saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN SIN TUR 36 chi 38 jap 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagopus flexuosus (Jacq.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 238 (1800)
= Trifolium affine Lej. ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 195 (1825), nomen
= Trifolium alpestre Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2: 407 (1769), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium alpestre Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 2: 335 (1777) (non L. 1763)
= Trifolium aucheri Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 114 (1872)
= Trifolium bithynicum Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 21 (1849)
= Trifolium flexicaule Vill., Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 43 (1779)
= Trifolium flexuosum f. eriocalycinum (Hausskn.) Ahlfv., Neuman, 340 (1901)
= Trifolium flexuosum Jacq., Fl. Austriac. (Jacq.) 4: 45, t. 386 (1776)
= Trifolium flexuosum var. carneum H.Mart., 130 (1817)
= Trifolium grossheimii Khalilov, Izv. Akad. Nauk Az. SSR, Biol. Nauk. 1969(4): 4 (1970)
= Trifolium haynaldianum Pant., Oesterr. Bot. Z., 28: 382 (1878)
= Trifolium haynaldii Meynh., Kal. Vid. Növén.: 65 (1877)
= Trifolium medium f. exaltatum (Sauter) Gams, 1343 (1923)
= Trifolium medium f. macrocephalum Bech. & Gyhr, 10 (1921)
= Trifolium medium f. pedunculosum (Ser.) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 330 (1954)
= Trifolium medium ssp. eriocalycinum (Hausskn.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium medium ssp. flexuosum (Jacq.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 567 (1908)
= Trifolium medium ssp. pendunculosum Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.], 2:195 (1825)
= Trifolium medium ssp. skorpilii Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl 1894(29): 7 (1895)
= Trifolium medium var. angustifolium Kabath, 151 (1846)
= Trifolium medium var. angustifolium Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(2): 37 (1829)
= Trifolium medium var. angustium Wahlenb., Fl. Suecica 1: 466 (1826)
= Trifolium medium var. brachycalycinum Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 125 (1899)
= Trifolium medium var. eriocalycinum Hausskn., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver., 5: 2 (1872)
= Trifolium medium var. flexuosum C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 329 (1954)
= Trifolium medium var. majus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 114 (1872)
= Trifolium medium var. microphyllum Lej. & Courtois, Comp. Fl. Belg., 3: 53 (1836)
= Trifolium medium var. microphyllum Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa: 248 (1825)
= Trifolium medium var. strictum Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 203 (1832)
= Trifolium medium var. submedium Murr, 50 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense var. medium Merrem, 340 (1809)
= Trifolium subexpansum Schur, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 15(2): 177 (1877)
= Trigonella micrantha Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 410 (1829)
variant :
var. banaticum Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8, Abh.: 89 (1858)
Distribution: Portugal; European Turkey; Switzerland; Romania; Hungary; etc.
11 HUN SWI 12 POR 13 ROM TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium banaticum (Heuff.) Májovský, Acta Fac. Rerum Nat. Univ. Comen., Bot., 35: 6 (1988)
= Trifolium medium ssp. banaticum (Heuff.) Hendrych, Preslia 28: 405 (1956)
= Trifolium sarosiense ssp. banaticum (Heuff.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 205 (1983)
variant :
var. sarosiense (Hazsl.) Sãvul. & Rayss; Fl. Rum. 5: 208 (1952)
Distribution: Romania; Hungary; Slovakia; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Azerbaijan
11 HUN SLO 13 ROM 33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flexuosum ssp. sarosiense (Hazsl.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 333 (1889)
= Trifolium medium ssp. sarosiense (Hazsl.) Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 180 (1887)
= Trifolium medium var. sarosiense (Hazsl.) Savul. & Rayss, Fl. Republ. Socialist. Romania 5: 208 (1952)
= Trifolium sarosiense Hazsl., Diagn. Ungarn Slavon. Gefässpfl.: 35 (1867)
variant :
var. pseudomedium (Hausskn.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Gr. 1: 378 (1900)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Greece; Albania; Macedonia
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium medium ssp. balcanicum Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 135 (1891)
= Trifolium pseudomedium Hausskn., Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5(2): 70 (1886)
species :
Trifolium meduseum Blume ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 134 (1872)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum meduseum (Blanche ex Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium globosum ssp. meduseum (C.I.Blanche ex Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 43: 210 (1893)
= Trifolium globosum var. meduseum (C.I.Blanche ex Boiss.) Post, Fl. Syria: 239 (1896)
species :
Trifolium meironense Zohary & Lerner; Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 2: 183, 457, t. 263 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR TUR
species :
Trifolium mesogitanum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 34 (1843)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: sometimes included in T. brutium
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis mesogitana (Boiss.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
species :
Trifolium michaelis Greuter; Bocconea 25: 115 (2012)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos: Mt. Taygetos)
13 GRC
Remarks: probably a dwarf form of T. pallidum
species :
Trifolium michelianum Savi; Fl. Pis. 2: 159 (1798)
Name: Micheli-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Romania; France; W- & C-Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; ?Serbia & Kosovo; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Germany [I]; East Aegaean Isl.; Algeria; Morocco; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); Turkey (E-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
11 ger 12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC 20 ALG MOR 34 EAI TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria macropoda C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 51 (1831)
= Amoria micheliana (Savi) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium macropodum (C.Presl) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 338 (1844)
= Trifolium macropodum (C.Presl) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 706 (1841)
= Trifolium michelianum f. lydium Azn., Magyar Bot. Lapok 12: 162 (1913)
= Trifolium michelianum f. transiens Azn., Magyar Bot. Lapok 12: 162 (1913)
= Trifolium michelianum var. minus Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 85 (1899)
= Trifolium vaillantii Loisel., J. Bot. 2: 365 (1809), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. balansae (Boiss.) Azn.; Mag. Bot. Lap. 12: 161 (1913)
Name: Balansas clover (EN)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey; USA [I] (Mississippi [I])
13 BUL NMA SRB TUE 34 TUR 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria micheliana ssp. balansae (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium balansae Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 51 (1856)
= Trifolium michelianum ssp. balansae (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
species :
Trifolium micranthum Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 45 (1824)
Name: Armblütiger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Denmark; Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Schleswig-Holstein); Ireland; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); Ecuador [I]; Venezuela [I]; Colombia [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran (N-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl.); Chatham Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR 11 BGM GER HUN LUX NET 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 33 AZE GEO 34 EAI IRN ISR LEB TUR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 82 clm ven 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus filiformis (L.) C.Presl, Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Amarenus micranthus (Viv.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis filiformis (L.) Desv., Obs. Pl. Angers: 164 (1818), nom. rej.
= Chrysaspis micrantha (Viv.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 221 (1976)
= Melilotus anomala Ledeb. ex Nordm., Bull. Sc. Acad. Petersb. 2: 313 (1837)
= Melilotus microcarpus (Viv.) Balb. ex Bernh., Index Seminum (Erfordia) 1840: [3] (1840)
= Trifolium capilliforme Delile ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 181 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium controversum Jan ex DC., Prodr. 2: 206 (1825)
= Trifolium controversum Jan ex Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 206 (1825)
= Trifolium delilii Gibelli & Belli, Malpighia 3: 230 (1889)
= Trifolium elegans ssp. micranthum (Viv.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. France [Bonnier & Layens]: 77 (1894)
= Trifolium filiforme L., Sp. Pl.: 773 (1753), nom. utique rej.
= Trifolium filiforme ssp. micranthum (Viv.) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Synopt. Pl. Vasc. France: 77 (1894)
= Trifolium filiforme var. microphyllum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 206 (1825)
= Trifolium filiforme var. minimum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 601 (1829)
= Trifolium filiforme var. petiolatum Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(2): 44 (1829)
= Trifolium humillimum Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 293 (1951)
= Trifolium luteum Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 604 (1778) (nom. ambig.)
= Trifolium minus var. microcephalum (Ser.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 74 (1899)
= Trifolium procumbens Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 2: 345 (1777) (non L. 1753)
species :
Trifolium microcephalum Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 478 (1814)
Name: Smallhead clover
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur); Isla Guadalupe
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA 79 GLP MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Lojaconoa microcephala (Pursh) Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1597 in clavi, 1598 (1967)
= Trifolium microcephalum f. velutinum McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 120 (1910)
= Trifolium microcephalum var. bipedale Hook., London J. Bot. 6: 209 (1847)
= Trifolium microcephalum var. glabrum Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 132 (1831)
= Trifolium microcephalum var. lemmonii Lojac., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 193 (1883)
= Trifolium multiflorum Greene, Pittonia 3: 215 (1897)
species :
Trifolium microdon Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 180 (1833)
Name: Thimble clover (EN)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
73 USA 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium chrysanthum Hook. & Arn., (1838) (non Gaudich. 1829)
= Trifolium lechleri Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 84: 10 (1893)
= Trifolium microdon var. pilosum Eastw., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 3, 1: 100 (1898)
= Trifolium tricuspidatum Bertero ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 2: 708 (1841), nomen
species :
Trifolium miegeanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 177 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium isodon var. miegeanum (Maire) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 351 (1937)
species :
Trifolium millettianum Jacq.-Fél.
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN CR (Cameroon)
species :
Trifolium minutissimum D.Heller & Zohary; Genus Trifolium: 573, 580 (1984)
Name: Dwarf clover
Distribution: USA (California: Monterey)
species :
Trifolium monanthum A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 6: 523 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. monanthum
Name: Mountain carpet clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium monanthum f. glabrifolium McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 108 (1910)
= Trifolium monanthum f. spatiosum McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 98 (1910)
subspecies :
subsp. grantianum (A.Heller) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1434 (1980)
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium grantianum A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 136 (1906)
= Trifolium monanthum f. grantianum (A.Heller) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 101 (1910)
= Trifolium monanthum var. grantianum (A.Heller) Parish, Plant World 20: 220 (1917)
= Trifolium simulans House, Bot. Gaz. 41: 341, fig. 8 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. parvum (Kellogg) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1435 (1980)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium monanthum var. caulescens Lojac., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 180 (1883)
= Trifolium monanthum var. parvum (Kellogg) McDermott, N. Am. Sp. Trif. 105 (1910)
= Trifolium monanthum var. pusillum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 297 (1936)
= Trifolium multicaule M.E.Jones, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 9: 81 (1882)
= Trifolium parvum (Kellogg) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 114 (1904)
= Trifolium pauciflorum var. parvum Kellogg, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5: 54 (1873)
subspecies :
subsp. tenerum (Eastw.) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1436 (1980)
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium monanthum var. eastwoodianum Martin, Madrono 8: 233 (1946)
= Trifolium monanthum var. tenerum (Eastw.) Parish, Bot. Gaz. 38: 461 (1904)
= Trifolium tenerum Eastw., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 81 (1902)
species :
Trifolium montanum L.; Sp. Pl.: 770 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. montanum
Name: Berg-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Albania; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA NMA ROM SLV 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria montana (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Lagopus montanus (L.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf. 230 (1800)
= Trifolium album Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2: 408 (1769)
= Trifolium balbisianum Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.] 2: 201 (1825)
= Trifolium bifurcatum Pourr., Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 353 (1877)
= Trifolium celtibericum Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 1: (1887) n. 7, et 4: (1891) 28. Willk, Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp 244 (1893)
= Trifolium montanum ssp. rupestre (Ten.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 178 (1878)
= Trifolium montanum ssp. rupestre (Ten.) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital., 107(5): 217 (1973), isonym
= Trifolium montanum subvar. flaviflorum (Rouy) Gams, 1312 (1923)
= Trifolium montanum var. flaviflorum Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 77 (1899)
= Trifolium montanum var. nanum Wirtg., 41 (1841)
= Trifolium montanum var. rubriflorum St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 180 (1889)
= Trifolium montanum var. rupestre (Ten.) Fiori, Fl. Anal. Ital., 2: 63 (1900)
= Trifolium montanum var. villosum Wender., 250 (1846)
= Trifolium odoratum Schrank, Baier. Fl. 2: 286 (1789)
= Trifolium rouyanum Bonnier, Fl. Compl. France, Suisse & Belg. 3: 40 (1914)
= Trifolium rupestre Ten., Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XLIII (1812) ex Ser., DC. Prod. 2: 201 (1825)
= Trifolium subulatum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 90 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Trifolium tenoreanum H.Buek, Gen. Sp. Candoll. 1: viii (1843)
variant :
var. gayanum Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 1: 417 (1849)
Distribution: France; Spain
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium endressii J.Gay, Exsicc. (Unio Itin.) 1830: s.n. (1830)
= Trifolium endressii J.Gay ex Gren. & Godr., Fl. Franç. 1: 417 (1849)
= Trifolium montanum proles endressii (J.Gay) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 77 (1899)
= Trifolium montanum ssp. gayanum (Godr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Secc. Bot. 38(1): 70 (1974)
= Trifolium montanum var. endressii (J.Gay) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr.: 559 (1936)
= Trifolium montanum var. gayanum Godr., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 417 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. humboldtianum (A.Braun & Asch.) M.Hossain; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 463 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); ?Morocco [I]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria bordsilowskyi (Grossh.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Amoria elizabethiae (Grossh.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Trifolium bordsilowskyi Grossh., J. Soc. Bot. Russe, 14: 311 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Trifolium elizabethiae Grossh., J. Soc. Bot. Russe, 14: 309 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Trifolium humboldtianum A.Braun & Asch., Index Scm. Hort. Berol. 1868: 24 (1868)
= Trifolium montanum var. grandiflorum A.Braun, (1868) (nomen)
= Trifolium montanum var. humboldtianum (A.Braun & Asch.) Gibelli & Belli, (1887)
species :
Trifolium mucronatum Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 3: 208 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. mucronatum
Name: Cusp clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Michoacan, Mexico State, Jalisco, San Luis Potosi, Puebla, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, etc.)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium fistulosum A.E.Vaughan, Am. Midl. Nat. 22: 575 (1939), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium involucratum Ortega, Hort. Matr. Dec. 33
= Trifolium ortegae Greene, Pittonia, 3: 186 (1897)
= Trifolium wormskjoldii var. ortegae (Greene) Barneby, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 3B: 228 (1989)
subspecies :
subsp. lacerum (Greene) J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1444 (1980)
Name: Spinytooth clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arizonicum Greene, Erythea. 3: 18 (1895)
= Trifolium involucratum var. arizonicum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 50, pl. 15 (1910)
= Trifolium lacerum Greene, Erythea 2: 182 (1894)
= Trifolium mucronatum var. arizonicum (Greene) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 57 (1980)
= Trifolium oxyodon Greene ex Rydb., Fl. Colorado [Rydb.] 202 (1906)
= Trifolium variegatum var. parunuweapensis S.L.Welsh, Utah Fl., ed. 3: 425 (2003)
= Trifolium wormskjoldii var. arizonicum (Greene) Barneby, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 3B: 228 (1989)
subspecies :
subsp. vaughanae J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1445 (1980), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium ortegae f. pumilum A.E.Vaughan, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22: 578 (1939)
species :
Trifolium multinerve (Hochst.) A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 175 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Rwanda; South Sudan; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Eritrea
23 RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU 25 KEN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxospermum multinerve (Hochst.) Hochst., Flora, 29: 595 (1846)
= Trigonella multinervis Hochst., Flora 24(1 Intell.): 32 (1841), nomen
= Trifolium multinerve var. debilior A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 175 (1847)
species :
Trifolium mutabile Port.; Enum. Pl. Dalmatia: 16 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. mutabile
Distribution: SW-Spain; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey
12 SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA MNT TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Mistyllus mutabilis (Port.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium leiocalycinum Boiss. & Spruner, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 31 (1843)
= Trifolium vesiculosum ssp. mutabile (Port.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
= Trifolium vesiculosum var. lancifolium Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 42: 209 (1892)
= Trifolium vesiculosum var. leiocalycinum (Boiss. & Spruner) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 42: 203 (1892)
subspecies :
subsp. gussoneanum (Gibelli & Belli) C.Brullo & Brullo; Fl. End. Illustr. Sicilia 392 (2020)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium vesiculosum var. gussoneanum Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 42: 27 (1891)
species :
Trifolium nanum Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 35, t. 3, f. 4
Name: Dwarf clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
species :
Trifolium nerimaniae M.Keskin; Türk. Bitkileri List. 892 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Trifolium nigrescens Viv.; Fl. ltal. Fragm.: 12 (1808)
Name: Schwarzwerdender Klee (DE), Small white clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Germany [I]; Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Pico, Faial); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], Tennessee [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 AZO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria nigrescens (Viv.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Trifolium hybridum Savi, Fl. Pis. 2: 90 (1798) (non L. 1753)
= Trifolium michelianum W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 174 (1835) (non Savi 1798)
= Trifolium nigrescens ssp. dolychodon (Sommier) C.Brullo, Brullo & Giusso, Loc. Class. Fl. Italia [Peccenini & Domina] 39 (2011)
= Trifolium nigrescens ssp. polyanthemum (Ten.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 490 (1907)
= Trifolium nigrescens var. dolychodon Sommier, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1907: 52 (1907)
= Trifolium nigrescens var. gracile Lojac., Tent. Monogr. Trif. Sic.: 101 (1878)
= Trifolium nigrescens var. grandifolium Ertekin & H.Akbayan, Israeli. Pl. Sci., 48(1): 71 (2000)
= Trifolium nigrescens var. intermedium Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 83 (1899)
= Trifolium pallescens DC., Fl. Franç. Suppl. 555 (1815) (non Schreb. 1804)
= Trifolium prostratum Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 29 (1843)
= Trifolium vaillantii Ten., Prod. Fl. Nap. p. 41 (1811) non Loisel. 1809
species :
Trifolium noricum Wulfen; Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 3: 387 (1805)
Name: Cremeweißer Klee, Norischer Klee (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Greece; ?Serbia & Kosovo; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Italy
11 AUT 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium noricum f. biceps Beck, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 11: 72 (1906)
= Trifolium noricum ssp. praetutianum (Guss.) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital., 107(5): 218 (1973)
= Trifolium noricum ssp. praetutianum (Savi) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 497 (1894)
= Trifolium noricum var. hirsutum Wettst., Biblioth. Bot. 5(26): 38 (1892)
= Trifolium noricum var. praetutianum (Savi) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 315 (1898)
= Trifolium praetutianum Guss., Pl. Rar. Sic. 308 (1825)
= Trifolium praetutianum Savi, Bot. Etrusc. 4: 16 (1825)
= Trifolium praetutianum var. brevitrichum Bald., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 6: 48 (1898)
variant :
var. ottonis (Spruner ex Boiss.) Zohary; Candollea. 27(1): 116 (1972)
Distribution: S-Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium ottonis Spruner ex Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 28 (1843)
species :
Trifolium obscurum Savi; Observ. Trifol. Sp.: 31 (1810)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Italy; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (WN-Anatolia [I]); East Aegaean Isl.
12 POR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium dipsaceum var. aequidentatum (Pérez Lara) Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 246 (1893)
= Trifolium isodon Murb., Acta Univ. Lund. 33(I2): 64 (1897)
= Trifolium isodon var. maroccanum Humbert & Maire, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 8 (1929)
= Trifolium obscurum f. angustifolia Cuatrec., Cavanillesia 3: 15 (1930)
= Trifolium obscurum ssp. aequidentatum (Pérez Lara) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavan. Il(2): 344 (1953)
= Trifolium obscurum var. vinyalsii Sennen, Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1922: no. 4382 (1923)
= Trifolium panormitanum var. aequidentatum Pérez Lara, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 239 (1892)
= Trifolium squarrosum ssp. aequidentatum (Pérez Lara) Malato-Beliz, Portugaliae Acta Biol., Ser. B 9: 311 (1969)
= Trifolium vinyalsii Sennen ex Pau, Bol. Soc. Iber., 28: 60, in syn. (1929)
species :
Trifolium obtusiflorum Hook.; Icon. Pl., t. 281 (1838)
Name: Clammy clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium majus Greene, Pittonia 3: 214 (1897)
= Trifolium obtusiflorum var. majus Howell, Pittonia 3: 214 (1897)
= Trifolium roscidum Greene, Fl. Francisc. 31 (1891)
= Trifolium tridentatum var. obtusiflorum (Hook.) S.Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 130 (1876)
species :
Trifolium occidentale Coombe; Watsonia 5: 70 (1961)
Name: Western clover
Distribution: NW- & SW-France; Spain; Portugal; Channel Isl.
12 CIS FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria occidentalis (Coombe) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium repens f. maritimum Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 162 (1894)
= Trifolium repens ssp. occidentale (Coombe) M.Laínz, Comun. I. N. L. A., Sér. Recurs. Nat. 2: 6 (1974)
species :
Trifolium ochroleucon Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 283 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. ochroleucon
Name: Blassgelber Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, +Sachsen, +Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Hungary; Poland; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Moldova; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); East Aegaean Isl.; New Zealand [I]
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 MLD UKR 20 ALG MOR 34 EAI IRN TUR 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium cerverense Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 45: 597 (1899)
= Trifolium cinerascens Kit., Linnaea, 32: 619 (1863)
= Trifolium dipsaceum Camus, Cat. Pl. Fr.: 64 (1888)
= Trifolium dipsaceum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 382 (1799)
= Trifolium ochroleucon f. roseum (C.Presl) Merino, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2: 503 (1904)
= Trifolium ochroleucon f. villosum Pamp., Boll. Mus. Republ. San Marino 1: 142 (1917)
= Trifolium ochroleucon proles pallidulum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 124 (1899)
= Trifolium ochroleucon proles roseum (C.Presl) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 124 (1899)
= Trifolium ochroleucon ssp. lamprotrichum H.Lindb., Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48(13): 55 (1906)
= Trifolium ochroleucon ssp. roseum (C.Presl) Lassen, Willdenowia 42(2): 291 (2012)
= Trifolium ochroleucon subvar. viciosanum (Pau) Maire, Cavanillesia, 4: 10 (1931)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. abbreviatum Jahand., Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 19: 82 (1928)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. brevidentatum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. burnatii Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 5: 96 (1901)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. grancarovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. macranthum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. pallidulum (Jord.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 582 (1908)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. pallidulum (Jord.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr.: 560 (1936)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. roseum (C.Presl) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 498 (1828)
= Trifolium ochroleucum L., Syst. Natur., ed. 12, 3: 233 (1768), orth. var.
= Trifolium ochroleucum var. brevidentatum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucum var. grancarovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucum var. macranthum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium ochroleucum var. roseum (J. & C.Presl) Guss., (1828)
= Trifolium pallidulum Jord., Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. ser. 2, 1: 267 (1852)
= Trifolium patulum Vicioso, Anal. hist. Bot. Cav., 11(2): 330 (1954), non Tausch (1828)
= Trifolium roseum C.Presl, J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 50 (1822)
= Trifolium squarrosum M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 214 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium viciosoanum Pau, Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1929: no. 264 (1929)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasicum (Tausch) Kozuharov; Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Balg. 6: 424 (1976)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Crimea; SE-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 BUL 14 KRY RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium cassium Boiss., Diagn. PI. Orient. 9: 23 (1849)
= Trifolium caucasicum Tausch, Syll. Pl. Nov. 2: 243 (1828)
= Trifolium marschallii Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 114 (1899), non Savi
= Trifolium topczibaschovii Khalilov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerb. SSR, 23: No. 9, 60 (1967)
species :
Trifolium oliganthum Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 707 (1841)
Name: Fewflower clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia: Vancouver Isl.)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium filipes Greene, Pittonia, 1: 67 (1887)
= Trifolium hexanthum Greene ex A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 2: 215 (1906), nomen
= Trifolium oliganthum f. sonomense (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 84 (1910)
= Trifolium oliganthum var. sonomense Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 97 (1894)
= Trifolium oliganthum var. triflorum (Greene) Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 97 (1894)
= Trifolium pauciflorum Nutt., Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 319 (1838) (non d´Urv. 1822)
= Trifolium triflorum Greene, Pittonia, 1: (1887) 5
= Trifolium variegatum var. pauciflorum (Nutt.) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium: 67 (1910)
species :
Trifolium olivaceum Greene; Pittonia, 1: (1887) 4; et Man. Bot. San. Franc. Bay 96 (1894)
Name: Olive clover
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albopurpureum var. olivaceum (Greene) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 55 (1980)
= Trifolium columbinum var. argillorum Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 307 (1901)
= Trifolium columbinum var. olivaceum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 307 (1901)
= Trifolium olivaceum var. griseum Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 546 (1925)
species :
Trifolium ornithopodioides L.; Sp. Pl.: 766 (1753)
Name: Vogelfuß-Klee (DE); Bird clover (EN)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Schleswig-Holstein); Ireland; Netherlands; Hungary; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; ?Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Croatia; ?Macedonia; Greece (Kiklades); Crete; Algeria; Morocco; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I]); Chatham Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 GRB IRE 11 GER HUN NET 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI ROM 20 ALG MOR 21 azo MDR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Aporanthus trifoliastrum Bromf., Fl. Vect. 117 (1856)
= Falcatula falsotrifolium Brot., Phyt. Lusit. 160, t. 68 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Falcatula ornithopodioides (L.) Bab., Man. Brit. Bot. ed. 6: 88 (1867), isonym
= Falcatula ornithopodioides (L.) Gasp., Rendiconto Soc. Reale Borbon. Accad. Sci., ser. 2, 1: 184 (1852 publ. 1853)
= Falcatula ornithopodioides (L.) Samp., Herb. Portug.66(1913), in adnot., pro syn.
= Medicago ornithopodioides (L.) Trautv., Bull. Acad. Sc. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841)
= Melilotus ornithopodioides (L.) Desr., Lam. Encyc. 4: 67 (1798)
= Telis ornithopodiodes (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 209 (1891)
= Trifolium melilotus-ornithopodioides Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 510 (1908) (nom. illeg.)
= Trifolium melilotus-ornithopodioides Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur, Fl., 6(2): 510 (1908)
= Trifolium melilotus-ornithopodioides L., Sp. Pl. 766 (1753)
= Trifolium melilotus-ornithopodioides ssp. uniflorum (Munby) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N., 23: 176 (1932)
= Trifolium munbyi Sirj., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 62 (1930)
= Trifolium ornithopodioides f. natans Glück, 344 (1923)
= Trifolium ornithopodioides ssp. uniflorum Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 176 (1932)
= Trifolium perpusillum Simonk., Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 40: 333 (1890)
= Trigonella ornithopodioides (L.) DC., Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 4: 550 (1805)
= Trigonella ornithopodioides var. melilotea Mall., Malpighia 1890-1891: 168 (1891)
= Trigonella purpurascens Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 590 (1779)
= Trigonella uniflora Munby, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 45 (1864)
species :
Trifolium owyheense Gilkey; Madrono, 13: 169 (1956)
Name: Owyhee clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon)
73 USA
species :
Trifolium pachycalyx Zohary; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 29: 321 (1969)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia); European Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
species :
Trifolium palaestinum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 21 (1849)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel); Lebanon; Palestine
34 ISR LEB PAL
species :
Trifolium pallescens Schreb.; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., Abth. 1, 15: (fol. 7) (1804)
Name: Moränen-Klee (DE)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; France; Switzerland; Austria; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania; Ukraine
11 AUT SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria pallescens (Schreb.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium arvernense Lamotte, Prod. Fl. Centr. Fr. 1: 202 (1855)
= Trifolium caespitosum Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild. 8: 32 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium glaciale Porcius, Magyar Novenyt. Lapok, 9: 126 (1885)
= Trifolium glareosum Boreau, Fl. Centre France ed. 3, 2: 158 (1857) (non Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 100 (1827))
= Trifolium glareosum Schleich., Cat Pl. Helv. ed. IV. 35 (1821)
= Trifolium pallescens ssp. arvernense (Lamotte) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. Fl. Eu
= Trifolium pallescens var. arvernense (Lamotte) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 80 (1899)
= Trifolium pallescens var. glareosum (Schleich.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 80 (1899)
= Trifolium repens var. glareosum (Schleich.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 577 (1829)
species :
Trifolium pallidum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 35 (1801)
Name: Bleicher Klee (DE); Pale Clover (EN)
Distribution: Romania; Hungary; S-Spain; Gibraltar; Corsica; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Uruguay [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger HUN 12 COR GIB SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 EAI TUR 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flavescens Tineo, Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill. 1: 15 (1817)
= Trifolium pallidum var. flavescens (Tineo) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 118 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. pallidum (Waldst. & Kit.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 67 (1889)
= Trifolium villosum C.Presl, Delic. Prag. 48. (1822)
species :
Trifolium palmeri S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 132 (1876)
Name: Palmer´s clover
Distribution: USA (California: Santa Catalina Isl., San Clemente Isl.); Isla Guadalupe
79 GLP
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium gracilentum var. palmeri (S.Watson) McDermott, N. Am. Sp. Trif. 300 (1910)
species :
Trifolium pamphylicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 20 (1849)
Name: Pamphylischer Klee (DE); Pamphylian Clover (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus
34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. pamphylicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 638 (1973)
= Trifolium dichroanthum var. cyprium Zohary, Candollea 27: 155 (1972)
= Trifolium pamphylicum var. dolichodontum Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 421 (1961)
= Trifolium purpureum ssp. pamphylicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 105 (1914)
= Trifolium purpureum var. pamphylicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Zohary, Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 3: 436 (1970)
species :
Trifolium pannonicum Jacq.; Observ. Bot. 2: 21 (1767)
subspecies :
subsp. pannonicum
Name: Pannonischer Klee (DE), Hungarian clover (EN)
Distribution: Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Poland; Romania; France; +C-Spain (+Sa. de Guadarrama); Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Moldova; Canada [I] (Québec [I]); ?Morocco; Germany [I]
11 cze ger HUN POL SLO 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 MLD UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alopecuroides Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 350 (1807)
= Trifolium armenium Eichw., Pl. Nov.: 28 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium barbatum DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. 152 (1813)
= Trifolium nemorosum Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montaub. 130 (1789)
= Trifolium ochroleucon subvar. viciosoanum (Pau) Maire, Cavanillesia 4: 10 (1931)
= Trifolium ochroleucon var. pannonicum (Jacq.) Trevir., Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 7 (1818)
= Trifolium pannonicum f. michaelis-borsii Kárpáti, 26 (1940)
= Trifolium pannonicum ssp. jurkovskii Kozuharov, Jordanov, Fl. Nar. Rep. Balg. 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium pannonicum var. davidovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium pannonicum var. moldavicum A.T.Szabó, Not. Bot. Horti Agrobot. Cluj-Napoca, 17: 61 (1987)
= Trifolium pannonicum var. rubrocalycinum Podp., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 646 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. elongatum (Willd.) Zohary; P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 3: 422 (1970)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium armenium Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 793 (1809)
= Trifolium elongatum Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1369 (1802)
= Trifolium olympicum Hornem. ex Hook., Bot. Mag. t. 2790 (1827)
= Trifolium sulphureum K.Koch, Linnaea, 19: 63 (1847)
species :
Trifolium parnassi Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 30 (1843)
Distribution: Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria parnassi (Boiss. & Spruner) Soják, Cas. Nar Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Trifolium parryi A.Gray; Am. J. Sc. Ser. II. 33: 409 (1862)
subspecies :
subsp. parryi
Name: Parry´s clover
Distribution: USA (Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming)
73 USA 77 USA
subspecies :
subsp. montanense (Rydb.) J.M.Gillett; Brittonia 17: 132 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium montanense Rydb., Mem. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 236 (1900)
= Trifolium inaequale Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 34: 47 (1907)
= Trifolium parryi var. montanense (Rydb.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Naturalist 38(3): 359 (1978)
= Trifolium parryi var. montanense (Rydb.) Isely, Brittonia, 32(1): 57 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. salictorum (Greene ex Rydb.) J.M.Gillett; Brittonia 17: 132 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium salictorum Greene ex Rydb., Fl. Colorado, 202 (1906)
species :
Trifolium patens Schreb.; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., Abth. 1, 16 (fol. 18). (1804)
Name: Spreiz-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Switzerland; Hungary; Poland; Romania; N-Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Germany [I]; Ukraine; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey
11 AUT CZE ger HUN POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 UKR 20 EGY 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus patens (Schreb.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis patens (Schreb.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976), isonym
= Chrysaspis patens (Schreb.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 11(1): 83 (1976)
= Trifolium auratum Chevall., Fl. Gen. Env. Paris, 2: 775 (1827)
= Trifolium aureum Thuill., Fl. Par. ed. II. 385 (1799) (non Poll. 1777)
= Trifolium chrysanthum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 603 (1829)
= Trifolium lupulina Bellynck, 62 (1855) non (L.) Savi
= Trifolium parisiense DC., Fl. Franç. Suppl. 562 (1815)
= Trifolium parisiense var. pygmaeum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 206 (1825)
= Trifolium patens var. pygmaeum (Ser.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 72 (1899)
= Trifolium procumbens Loisel., Fl. Gall., ed. 2: 127 (1828) (non L. 1753)
= Trifolium procumbens Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat., 2: 345 (1777), non L.
= Trifolium spadiceum Dubois, Fl. Orleans, no. 1683 (1803) non L. (1755)
= Trifolium speciosum Marg. & Reut., Fl. Zante, 41 (1841) (non Willd. 1802)
species :
Trifolium patulum Tausch; Syll. Pl. Nov. 2: 243 (1828)
Distribution: Italy; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB CRO GRC ITA NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flexuosum ssp. patulum (Tausch) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 333 (1889)
= Trifolium longestipulatum Ebel, Monteneg. 84, t. 4, f. 2 (1844) (non Loisel.)
= Trifolium longistipulatum Ebel, Zwölf Tage Montenegro: 84 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium nigropunctatum G.Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 181 (1832)
species :
Trifolium pauciflorum d´Urv.; Mim. Soc. L. Paris 1: 350 (1822)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC KRI TUE 34 EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum pauciflorum (d´Urv.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium fleischeri Steud. & Hochst. ex C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 482 (1845)
= Trifolium oliverianum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 197 (1825)
species :
Trifolium peruvianum Vogel; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. I. 12 (1843)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium amabile var. pentlandii Ball, Jour. Linn. Soc. Bot. 22: 35 (1885)
= Trifolium bolivianum P.B.Kenn., Muhlenbergia, 7: 97 (1911)
= Trifolium chiclense Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 35 (1885)
= Trifolium peruvianum var. chiclense (Ball) J.F.Macbr., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(3): 451 (1943)
= Trifolium titicacense A.W.Hill
= Trifolium weberbaueri Ulbr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. S. p. 2: 2 (1906)
species :
Trifolium petitianum A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 168 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Trigonella caespitosa Steud. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 168 (1847)
species :
Trifolium petrisavii Clementi; Mém. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 16: 268 (1857)
Name: Petrisavi-Klee (DE); Petrisavis Clover (EN)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy; Albania; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania; Iran; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA SIC TUE 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria nigrescens ssp. petrisavii (Clementi) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium hygrophilum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 18 (1856)
= Trifolium meneghinianum Clementi, Mém. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 16: 267 (1857)
= Trifolium molybdocalyx Rchb.fil., Ic. Fl. Germ. 22: 77, t. 2167 (1903)
= Trifolium nigrescens ssp. meneghinianum (Clementi) M.Keskin, Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 18(2): 31 (2011)
= Trifolium nigrescens ssp. petrisavii (Clementi) Holmboe, Bergens Mus. Skr. ser. 2, l(2): 106 (1914)
= Trifolium nigrescens var. meneghinianum (Clementi) Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 468 (1961)
= Trifolium thessalonicum Halácsy & Charrel, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 370 (1891)
species :
Trifolium philistaeum Zohary; Gruenberg-Fertig & Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 296 (1970)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Israel (C-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
34 ISR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis stenophylla (Boiss.) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976) (nom. illeg.)
= Trifolium lineare var. filifolium (Zohary) Hendrych, Acta Univ. Carol., Biol., 33(4): 282 (1989)
= Trifolium philistaeum var. filifolium Zohary, Fl. Palaestina 2: 456 (1972)
= Trifolium stenophyllum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 30 (1849) (non Nutt. (1848))
species :
Trifolium phitosianum N.Böhling, Greuter & Raus; Bot. Chronika, 13: 39 (2000)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Trifolium phleoides Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 1377 (1802)
subspecies :
subsp. phleoides
Name: Lieschgras-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA MNT NMA SIC SRB 14 KRY 20 ALG MOR TUN 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium arvense ssp. phleoides (Pourr. ex Willd.) Bonnier, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 37 (1914)
= Trifolium erinaceum M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 510 (1819)
= Trifolium minae Lojac. ex Ces., Pass. & Gibelli., Comp. Fl. Ital. 2: (1886) 714
= Trifolium phleoides f. pourreti C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 304 (1954)
= Trifolium phleoides ssp. audigieri Foucaud, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 47: 89 (1900)
= Trifolium phleoides ssp. pseudogemellum Thell.in Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur Fl., 6(2): 539 (1908)
= Trifolium phleoides var. minae (Ces., Pass. & Gibelli) Fiori & Paol., Fl. Anal. Ital. [Fiori & Paol.] 2: 51 (1900)
= Trifolium striatum var. tastetii Pau, Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1929: no. 257 (1930), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. willkommii (Chabert) Muñoz Rodr.; Acta Bot. Malacitana 17: 105 (1992)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; NW-Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium willkommii Chabert, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 145 (1895)
= Trifolium phleoides f. pedunculatum C.Vicioso, Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 11: 304 (1954)
= Trifolium phleoides var. viciosoi Pau, Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 25: 142 (1931)
species :
Trifolium physanthum Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 180 (1833)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, O´Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium valdivianum Phil. ex D.Heller & Zohary, nom. nud.
species :
Trifolium physodes Steven ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 217 (1808)
Distribution: S-Italy; Sicily; Georgia [Caucasus]; Portugal; S-Spain (Cadiz); Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Bamyan)
11 ger 12 POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG MOR 33 GEO 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria physodes (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Amoria raddeana (Trautv.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Galearia cupani C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Galearia physodes (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Galearia raddeana (Trautv.) Bobrov, Spis. Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR, 21(111-114): 60 (1977)
= Galearia raddeana (Trautv.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980), isonym
= Trifolium alatum Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 4: 14 (1818)
= Trifolium amani Post & Beauverd, Dinsmore, Pl. Post. 1: 5 (1932)
= Trifolium amani var. glabrescens J.Thiébaut, Fl. Lib.-Syr. 2: 28 (1940)
= Trifolium anomalum Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pélop.: 51 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium boryanum Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 705 (1841)
= Trifolium clausonis Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 181 (1874)
= Trifolium cupanii Tineo, Pl. Rar. Sicil. Pugill.: 16 (1817)
= Trifolium durandoi Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 181 (1874)
= Trifolium durandoi Pomel ex Batt. & Trab., Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 239 (1889)
= Trifolium fragiferum ssp. physodes (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 30 (1890)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. balansae Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 31 (1890)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. durandoi (Pomel) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 31 (1890)
= Trifolium fragiferum var. sericocalyx Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 41: 31 (1890)
= Trifolium gibbosum Nègre, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 40: 279 (1962), nomen
= Trifolium ovatifolium Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 51 (1838)
= Trifolium physodes var. durandoi (Pomel) Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 41: 30 (1890)
= Trifolium raddeanum Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 105 (1887)
= Xerosphaera physodes (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
= Xerosphaera raddeana (Trautv.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
variant :
var. psilocalyx Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 136 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey; Syria; Palestine; Israel
34 ISR PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium amani var. glabrescens J.Thiébaut, (1940)
= Trifolium germaniciae Post, Fl. Syria: 240 (1896)
= Trifolium germaniciae Post ex Gibelli & Belli, Rev. crit. sp. Trifol. Ital. 30 (1890)
= Trifolium physodes f. sclerorrhizum (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 636 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Trifolium physodes var. sclerorrhizum (Boiss.) Dinsm., Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 1: 344 (1932)
= Trifolium sclerorrhizum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 9: 28 (1849)
species :
Trifolium pichisermollii J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull., 1952: 388 (1952)
Distribution: C-Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium pignantii Fauché & Chaub.; Bory et al., Exp. Sci. Moree, Bot.: 219 (1832)
Distribution: Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; ?Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo
13 ALB BUL CRO GRC NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium flexuosum var. pignantii (Fauché & Chaub.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 330 (1889)
= Trifolium fulcratum Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 26 (1843)
= Trifolium pallidum Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop. 50, t. 28 (1838) (non Waldst. & Kit. 1800)
= Trifolium pignantii f. piligerum Rohlena, Magyar Bot. Lapok 3: 322 (1905)
= Trifolium piligerum (Rohlena) A.W.Hill, Index Kewensis, Supp. 6: 212 1916-(1920 publ. 1926)
= Trifolium piligerum Rohlena, Magyar Bot. Lap. 3: 322 (1905), pro forma
species :
Trifolium pilczii Adamovic; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 74: 130 (1903)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; N-Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bobrovia pilczii (Adamovic) A.P.Khokhr., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 31: 137 (1998)
= Lupinaster pilczii (Adamovic) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Ursifolium pilczii (Adamovic) Doweld, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 108(4): 78 (2003)
species :
Trifolium pilulare Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 29 (1843)
Name: Baumwoll-Klee (DE); Ball Cotton Clover (EN)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
13 GRC 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum pilulare (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium globosum ssp. pilulare (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 43: 211 (1893)
= Trifolium pilulare var. longipedunculatum Evenari, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 31: 295 (1940)
species :
Trifolium pinetorum Greene; Erythea 2: 182 (1894)
Name: Woods clover
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium longicaule Wooton & Standl., Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 16: 141 (1913)
= Trifolium triaristatum f. pinetorum (Greene) McDermott, Ill. Key Amer. Trifolium 60, pl. 19, 20 (1910)
= Trifolium willdenovii var. longicaule (Wooton & Standl.) L.D.Benson, Leafl. W. Bot. 4: 209 (1945)
= Trifolium wormskioldii var. longicaule (Wooton & Standl.) L.D.Benson, Amer. J. Bot. 28: 363 (1941)
species :
Trifolium piorkowskii Rand.Morgan & A.L.Barber; Novon 23(1): 65 (2014)
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Trifolium plebeium Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 23 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alsadami Post, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 425 (1888)
species :
Trifolium plumosum Douglas ex Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. (Hook.) 1: 130 (1831)
Name: Plumed clover
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
variant :
var. amplifolium J.S.Martin; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 73: 369 (1946)
Name: Bigleaf clover
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium plumosum ssp. amplifolium (J.S.Martin) J.M.Gillett, Canad. J. Bot., 50(10): (1981 publ. 1972)
species :
Trifolium polymorphum Poir.; Encyc. 8: 20 (1808)
Name: Peanut clover
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Misiones, Rio Negro, Santa Fe); Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Guaira); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); USA [I] (Louisiana [I], Texas [I])
77 usa 78 usa 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria obcordata (Desv.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Amoria polymorpha (Poir.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium amphianthum Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 316 (1838)
= Trifolium amphicarpum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 84: 11 (1893)
= Trifolium argentinense Speg., Comun. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 1: 49 (1898)
= Trifolium brevipes Phil., Linnaea, 28: 680 (1856)
= Trifolium concinnum Phil., Fl. Atac. 14 (1860)
= Trifolium crosnierii Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 2: 68 (1847)
= Trifolium grandiflorum Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy.: 16 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium indecorum Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 2: 67 (1847)
= Trifolium megalanthum Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 706 (1841), nomen
= Trifolium obcordatum Desv., J. Bot. 3: 76 (1814)
= Trifolium reflexum Roem. ex Scheele, Linnaea, 21: 460 (1848)
= Trifolium rivale Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 2: 70 (1847)
= Trifolium roemerianum Scheele, Linnaea, 21: 460 (1848)
= Trifolium rubrum Larrañaga, Escritos Damaso Antonio Larrañaga 2: 232 (1923)
= Trifolium simplex Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 2: 69 (1847)
variant :
var. grandiflorum Parodi; Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin. 7: 214 (1930)
Distribution: Argentina (Entre Rios); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano, Treinta y Tres)
85 ARG CLE URU
variant :
var. neuquenense Rossow; Fl. Patagonica (Colecc. Cient. 8), 4b: 278 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
species :
Trifolium polyphyllum C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 139 (1831)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Lupinaster
Synonyms: hidden
= Bobrovia polyphylla (C.A.Mey.) A.P.Khokhr., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 31: 137 (1998)
= Lupinaster polyphyllus (C.A.Mey.) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 23 (1976)
= Lupinaster polyphyllus (C.A.Mey.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980), isonym
= Ursifolium polyphyllum (C.A.Mey.) Doweld, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 108(4): 78 (2003)
species :
Trifolium polystachyum Fresen.; Flora, 22: 50 (1839)
Distribution: Angola; Ethiopia; Kenya; South Sudan; Uganda; Zambia; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Eritrea
23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ochreata polystachya (Fresen.) Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1597 in clavi, 1598 (1967)
= Trifolium mauginianum Fiori, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., no. s., 55: 343 (1949)
= Trifolium polystachyum var. contractum Lanza, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: t. 4 (1910)
= Trifolium polystachyum var. psoraleoides Welw. ex Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 205 (1896)
species :
Trifolium praetermissum Greuter, Pleger & Raus; Willdenowia, 13(1): 61 (1983)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos)
13 GRC 34 EAI
species :
Trifolium pratense L.; Sp. Pl.: 768 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pratense
Name: Rot-Klee (DE), Red Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Iceland; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Crimea; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Japan [I]; Mongolia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Ghorat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Astor); India (Kashmir, Dras, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim); Vietnam; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], Fuerteventura [I]); Hawaii [I] (Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); Greenland [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Taiwan [I]; Korea [I]; China [I]; Java [I]; Nepal [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Peru [I]; Venezuela [I]; Jamaica [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Cuba [I]; Ecuador [I]; Colombia [I]; Ethiopia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Bolivia [I]; Mexico [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO cny mdr 24 eth 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB TUR 36 chi 37 MON 38 jap kor tai 40 IND nep PAK 41 VIE 42 jaw 50 aus 51 auc ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask gnl 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos 81 bah cub jam pue 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf uru 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagopus pratensis (L.) Bernh., Syst. Verz. Erf.: 230 (1800)
= Ononis trifoliata L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12. 2: 479 (1767)
= Trifolium abbreviatum J.Woods, Tourist´s Fl.: 92 (1850)
= Trifolium borderi A.Kern. ex Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 122 (1899)
= Trifolium borysthenicum Gruner, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41, 2: 140 (1869)
= Trifolium brachyanthum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 120 (1899)
= Trifolium brachystylos Knaf, Lotos, 4: 237 (1854)
= Trifolium capillatum Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 101 (1827)
= Trifolium carpathicum Janka ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 173 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium foliosum (Brandegee) Miniaev, Schischkin (ed.), Fl. Leninghr. Obl. 3: 94 (1961)
= Trifolium fontanum Bobrov, Sovetsk. Bot., No. 1, 36 (1940), rossice, et Fl. URSS, ed. Kom., 11: 251, 391 (1945), latine
= Trifolium glareosum Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 100 (1827), nom. illeg., non Schleich. (1821)
= Trifolium lenkoranicum (Grossh.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Trifolium leucophaeum Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 418 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium microphyllum Desv., J. Bot. 2: 316 (1809)
= Trifolium officinarum Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 601 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Trifolium praecox Wallr., 251 (1840)
= Trifolium pratense convar. praecox (Witte) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107 (1993)
= Trifolium pratense convar. serotinum (Witte) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107 (1993)
= Trifolium pratense f. galactiflorum B.Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 87: 47 (1960)
= Trifolium pratense f. gracilescens (Ser.) Gams, 1332 (1923)
= Trifolium pratense f. lilacinum Moldenke, Boissiera 7: 4 (1943)
= Trifolium pratense f. pedunculatum (Ser.) Gams, 1332 (1923)
= Trifolium pratense f. stramineum (Schur) Gams, 1332 (1923)
= Trifolium pratense f. velenovskyana Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium pratense f. versicolor H.Lindb. ex Hiitonen, Suom. Kasvio: 487 (1933)
= Trifolium pratense proles borderei Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 122 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense proles brachyanthum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 120 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense proles bracteatum (Schousb. ex Willd.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 121 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. serotinum (Witte) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 107 (1993)
= Trifolium pratense subvar. pedunculatum (Ser.) Bonte, 205 (1930)
= Trifolium pratense subvar. rotundifolium (Lej. & Courtois) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 315 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense subvar. spontaneum (Willk.) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 313 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense var. album Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 599 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium pratense var. anatolicum Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 177 (1895)
= Trifolium pratense var. brachystylum (K.Knaf) Fiek, 100 (1881)
= Trifolium pratense var. collinum Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 302 (1889)
= Trifolium pratense var. evariegatum M.Y.Liu & F.C.Wang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 7(4): 324 (1989)
= Trifolium pratense var. flavicans Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 195 (1828)
= Trifolium pratense var. flavicans Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. foliosum Brandegee, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 95: 41 (1906)
= Trifolium pratense var. gracilescens Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. heterophyllum (Lej.) Lej., Lej. & Courtois, 53 (1836)
= Trifolium pratense var. heterophyllum (Lej.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 120 (1899), isonym
= Trifolium pratense var. hirsutum Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 170 (1840)
= Trifolium pratense var. humile Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa: 158 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. lenkoranicum Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 2: 285 (1930)
= Trifolium pratense var. luteopurpureum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 123 (1899), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. mesatlanticum H.Lindb., Itin. Medit., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Nov. Ser. B 1(2): 90 (1932)
= Trifolium pratense var. microphyllum (Desv.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 120 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense var. microphyllum Lej., Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 53 (1836)
= Trifolium pratense var. multifidum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. obesum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 584 (1829)
= Trifolium pratense var. parviflorum Bab., 72 (1843)
= Trifolium pratense var. pedicellatum (K.Knaf) Celak., 669 (1875)
= Trifolium pratense var. pedunculatum Ser., DC., 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. pilosum Heuff., Abh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 8: 88 (1838)
= Trifolium pratense var. pratarum Alef., 77 (1866), nom. inval.
= Trifolium pratense var. rhodopeum Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 29: 8 (1894)
= Trifolium pratense var. rotundifolium Lej., Lej. & Court., Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 53 (1836)
= Trifolium pratense var. sericeum Nègre, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 40: 278 (1960)
= Trifolium pratense var. serotinum Witte, Landbruckvekanshandl 1918: 337 (1918)
= Trifolium pratense var. silvestre Ducommun, Taschaub.: 169 (1869)
= Trifolium pratense var. spontaneum Willk., Führer Deut. Pfl.: 535 (1863)
= Trifolium pratense var. stojanovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
= Trifolium pratense var. stramineum Schur, 85 (1852), nom. inval.
= Trifolium pratense var. sylvestre Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 169 (1869)
= Trifolium pratense var. sylvestre Syme, 38 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. variegatum M.Y.Liu & F.C.Wang, J. Wuhan Bot. Res., 7(4): 324 (1989)
= Trifolium pratense var. villosum DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 4: 426 (1805)
= Trifolium pratense var. villosum P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 550 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium purpureum Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 86 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Trifolium sativum ssp. serotinum (Witte) Bobrov, Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 253 (1945)
= Trifolium seravschanicum Ovcz., Kom., Fl. URSS 11: 391 (1941)
= Trifolium seravschanicum Ovcz. ex Nevski, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 251 (1937), nomen
= Trifolium ucrainicum Opperman, Fl. RSS Ucr. 6: 588 (1954) ex Wissjul.
= Trifolium villosum Ten., Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 373 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Triphylloides pratensis (L.) Moench, Methodus : 510 (1794)
variant :
var. expansum (Waldst. & Kit.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 5: 72 (1893)
Distribution: Portugal; France; Italy; Hungary; Slovenia; Greece; European Russia; Transcaucasus; Turkey; Iran; etc.
11 HUN 12 FRA POR 13 GRC ITA SLV 14 RUS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium americanum (Harz) Vollm., 470 (1914), nom. inval.
= Trifolium expansum Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 3: 263 (1807)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. americanum (Harz) Soják, Novit. Bot. Delect. Seminum Horti Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag. 1963: 48 (1963)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. expansum (Waldst. & Kit.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1972 publ. 1973)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. expansum (Waldst. & Kit.) Simonk., 179 (1887)
= Trifolium pratense var. americanum Harz, Bot. Centralbl. 45: 106 (1891)
= Trifolium pratense var. hirsutum Celak., 16 (1886)
= Trifolium pratense var. majus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 115 (1872)
variant :
var. sativum Afzel.; 243 (1791)
Name: Saat-Wiesen-Klee (DE)
Distribution: widespread cultivated
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bracteatum Schousb. ex Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 792 (1809)
= Trifolium pensylvanicum f. albiflorum Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 61 (1928)
= Trifolium pensylvanicum Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 793 (1809)
= Trifolium pratense proles sativum (Schreb.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 121 (1899)
= Trifolium baeticum Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 726 (1845)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. sativum (Afzel.) C.Müll.Calw ex Schübl. & G.Martens, 465 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense ssp. sativum (Schreb.) Ponert, Feddes Repert., 83(9-10): 637 (1972 publ. 1973), isonym
= Trifolium pratense ssp. sativum (Schreb.) Schübl. & G.Martens, Fl. Würtemberg: 465 (1834)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. sativum (Schreb.) Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. serotinum (Witte) Holub, Polin Geobot. Phytotax., 28(1): 107 (1993)
= Trifolium pratense var. bracteatum (Schousb.) Malag., Syn. Fl. Ibgr., 39: 610 (1976)
= Trifolium pratense var. fistulosum Schur, (1866) (pro syn.)
= Trifolium pratense var. hispanicum Gaudin, Fl. Helv., 4: 582 (1839)
= Trifolium pratense var. purpureum C.Bauhin ex Münchh., 282 (1765)
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum (Mill.) Syme, 38 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum (Schreb.) Cincovic, Fl. SR Srbije, 4: 457 (1972)
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum (Schreb.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 599 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum Crome, 568 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum Gaudin, 582 (1829), nom. inval.
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum Schreb., Hoppe & Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. [Sturm], 1(4): 15, t. 236 (1804), nom. illeg., ex W. D. J. Koch (1836), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum Schreb., Schweigg. & Körte, 58 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. sativum Ser., DC., 195 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. serotinum Witte, Landbruckvekanshandl: 337 (1918)
= Trifolium sativum (Schreb.) Crome ex Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 222 (1824)
= Trifolium sativum Schreb., Hoppe & Sturm ex Rchb., 494 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium sativum ssp. praecox (Witte) Bobrov
= Trifolium sativum ssp. serotinum (Witte) Bobrov, Komarov, Fl. SSSR 11: 253 (1945)
variant :
var. maritimum Zabel; Arch. Ver. Freunde Naturf. Mecklenburg 14: 31 (1859)
Name: Strand-Rot-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schleswig-Holstein, ?Niedersachsen); Denmark; Poland; Sweden; Tajikistan [I]; Croatia [I]
10 DEN SWE 11 GER POL 13 cro 32 tzk
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium pratense ssp. maritimum (Zabel) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 5. (1963)
= Trifolium pratense subvar. villosum (Wahlb.) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 120), non DC. in Lam. & DC.
= Trifolium pratense var. australe Freyn, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 27: 309 (1878)
= Trifolium pratense var. hirsutum Pahnsch, Arch. Naturk. Liv.-Est. -tt. Kurl. ser. 2, 9: 287 (1881)
= Trifolium pratense var. maritimum T.Marsson, 114 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense var. villosum Wahlb., Fl. Gothob.: 73 (1824), non DC. (1805)
variant :
var. semipurpureum Strobl; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 37- 104 (1887)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy
13 ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium pratense ssp. semipurpureum (Strobl) Pignatti, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 107: 218 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. nivale (Sieber ex W.D.J.Koch) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 172 (1882)
Name: Gebirgs-Rot-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Switzerland; France; Germany (Bayern)
11 GER SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium alpicola Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz: 699 (1840)
= Trifolium alpicola var. villosum (DC.) Hegetschw., 699 (1840)
= Trifolium arizagae Pau, Cavanillesia 8: 114 (1937)
= Trifolium carpaticum Porcius, Fl. Nasaud.: 205 (1881) non Janka (1877)
= Trifolium expansum var. vaginatum (Schleich. ex Ser.) Rchb., 495 (1832)
= Trifolium frigidum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 154 (1866)
= Trifolium heterophyllum Tratt., Arch. Gezväschk.,1: 26 (1812), non Lej. (1824)
= Trifolium nivale Arv.-Touv., Essai Pl. Dauphiné: 23 (1871), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium nivale Sieber ex W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 168 (1835)
= Trifolium nivale var. sanguineum Pau, Actas Mem. Prim. Congr. Nat. Esp. Zaragoza: 245 (1909)
= Trifolium nummulariifolium Perret ex Colla, Herb. Pedem., 2: 132 (1834)
= Trifolium perrettii Colla, Herb. Pedem., 2: 132 (1834)
= Trifolium pratense f. sanguineum (Pau) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 319 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense proles nivale (W.D.J.Koch) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 122 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. alpicola (Hegetschw.) Braun-Blanq., 837 (1934)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. frigidum (Gaudin) C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 318 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. frigidum (Gaudin) Simonk., 179 (1887)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. hirsutum (Boiss.) Sagredo & Malag.Heras in Malag.Heras (1976,Syn.Fl.Ibft., 39: 610 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. kotulae (Pawl.) Soják, Novit. Bot. Delect. Seminum Horti Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag. 1963: 49 (1963)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. nivale (W.D.J.Koch) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 172 (1882)
= Trifolium pratense ssp. nivale Ces., A. Cattaneo, Not. Nat. Civ. Lombardia 1: ? (1844), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium pratense subvar. flavicans (Ser.) Gams, 1334 (1923)
= Trifolium pratense subvar. lutescens Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 122 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense var. alpinum (Hoppe) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 175 (1889)
= Trifolium pratense var. alpinum Hoppe, Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild. 8: 16 (1812)
= Trifolium pratense var. alpinum Jess., 345 (1879)
= Trifolium pratense var. conicum Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 64 (1889)
= Trifolium pratense var. flavicans Guss., Fl. Sicula Prodr., 2: 195 (1828)
= Trifolium pratense var. flavicans Ser., DC., 195 (1825)
= Trifolium pratense var. frigidum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 584 (1829), nom. superfl.
= Trifolium pratense var. frigidum Gaudin, Fl. Helv., 4: 582 (1829)
= Trifolium pratense var. hirsutum Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne, 2: 170 (1840)
= Trifolium pratense var. kotulae Pawl., Fl. Tatr. 1: 552 (1956)
= Trifolium pratense var. minus C.Vicioso, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles, 11(2): 319 (1954)
= Trifolium pratense var. nivale (Sieber ex W.D.J.Koch) Bolzon, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 21: 190 (1914)
= Trifolium pratense var. nivale W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 168 (1837)
= Trifolium pratense var. nummulariifolium (Perret ex Colla) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 120 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense var. nummulariifolium (Perret ex Colla) Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 120 (1899)
= Trifolium pratense var. obesum Gaudin, 582 (1829)
= Trifolium pratense var. pyrenaeum Lange in Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hisp., 3: 364 (1878)
= Trifolium pratense var. villosum DC., Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 4: 526 (1805)
= Trifolium vaginatum Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv.: 51 (1800)
= Trifolium xavieri Losa, Anales Real. Acad. Farm., 6(5): 294 (1940)
species :
Trifolium productum Greene; Erythea 2: 181 (1894)
Name: Shasta clover
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium kingii ssp. productum (Greene) D.Heller, Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 199 (1984)
= Trifolium kingii var. productum (Greene) Jeps., Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 304, 305 (1936)
species :
Trifolium prophetarum M.Hossain; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 421 (1961)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR
species :
Trifolium pseudostriatum Baker fil.; Legum. Trop. Afr. 83 (1926)
Distribution: Burundi; Malawi; Rwanda; Tanzania; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 BUR RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium scaettae Staner, Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 23: 217 (1933), nomen
species :
Trifolium pulchellum Schischk.; Izv. Tomskr. Gosud. Univ. 81: 475 (1928)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Trifolium purpureum Loisel.; Fl. Gall. 484 (1807)
Name: Purpur-Klee (DE), Purple clover (EN)
Distribution: S-France; Sicily; Romania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.; Libya; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I]); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 FRA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC NMA ROM SIC TUE 20 EGY LBY 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. desvauxii (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. purpureum (Loisel.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 104 (1889)
= Trifolium angustifolium ssp. purpureum (Loisel.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium angustifolium subvar. laxiusculum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 346 (1889)
= Trifolium angustifolium var. desvauxii (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 346 (1889)
= Trifolium caerulescens É.Desv. ex Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 14 (1856), nomen
= Trifolium desvauxii Boiss. & C.I.Blanche, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 12 (1856)
= Trifolium desvauxii var. laxiusculum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 123 (1872)
= Trifolium laxiusculum Boiss. & C.I.Blanche, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 13 (1856)
= Trifolium loiseleurii Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 111 (1899)
= Trifolium palavicum Hochst., Lorent, Wanderungen: 346 (1845)
= Trifolium purpureum f. latifolia Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium purpureum f. simplex Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 559 (1976)
= Trifolium purpureum ssp. desvauxii (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 6: 419 (1976)
= Trifolium purpureum var. desvauxii (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Post, Fl. Syria: 236 (1896)
= Trifolium purpureum var. laxiusculum (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Post, Fl. Syria: 235 (1896)
species :
Trifolium purseglovei J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 383 (1952)
Distribution: Rwanda; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 RWA ZAI 25 UGA
species :
Trifolium quartinianum A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 169 (1847)
Distribution: N-Ethiopia; Uganda; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH 25 UGA
species :
Trifolium radicosum Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 9: 27 (1849)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium tumens var. rechingeri Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 322 (1970) non T. rechingeri Rothm. 1944
variant :
var. guestii (Blakelock) M.Hossain; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 462 (1961)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium guestii Blakelock, Kew Bull., 1949: 42: (1948)
species :
Trifolium rechingeri Rothm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 73: 438 (1944)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
species :
Trifolium reflexum L.; Sp. Pl. 766 (1753)
Name: Buffalo clover
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria reflexa (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium adscendens Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 716 (1815)
= Trifolium comosum L., Sp. Pl.: 767 (1753)
= Trifolium platycephalum Bisch., Del. Sem. Hort. Heidelb. (1839)
= Trifolium reflexum f. glabrum (Lojac.) Isely, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 25: 475 (1951)
= Trifolium reflexum var. glabrum Lojac., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 150 (1883)
species :
Trifolium repens L.; Sp. Pl. 767 (1753)
Name: Weiß-Klee (DE); White Clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Iceland; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Japan [I]; China [I]; Mongolia; Costa Rica [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Taiwan [I]; Korea [I]; Java [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Nepal [I]; Myanmar [I]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]; Auckland Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]; Peru [I]; Jamaica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Panama [I]; Bahamas [I]; New Zealand [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Cuba [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); St. Helena [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Fiji [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Bolivia [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Brazil [I]; Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Venezuela [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Colombia [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Baltistan); India (Kashmir, Dras, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim); Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Hierro [I], Tenerife [I], Fuerteventura [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], N-Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); Greenland [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 azo cny mdr 24 eth 25 ken tan 27 saf 28 sth 29 reu 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 37 MON 38 jap kor tai 40 IND nep PAK srl 41 mya vie 42 jaw phi 50 aus lhi 51 auc ctm nzl 60 fij 61 eas 63 haw 70 ask gnl 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon nic pan 81 bah cub his jam 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru 91 fal sge tdc
Remarks: Subgen. Amoria
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria repens (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Trifolium album Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 603 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium anomalum Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac.: t. 47 (1819)
= Trifolium helveticum Scheele, Flora 26: 440 (1843)
= Trifolium humifusum Latourr., Chloris Lugd.: 21 (1785)
= Trifolium limonium Phil., Linnaea, 28: 679 (1856)
= Trifolium luxurians Hort.Par. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 706 (1841)
= Trifolium nothum Steven, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 137
= Trifolium repens f. allioideum Dore, Canad. Field-Naturalist 73: 153 (1959)
= Trifolium repens f. riparia Hauman, Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 24: 395 (1913)
= Trifolium repens f. subvillosum Pau ex Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 541 (1909)
= Trifolium repens ssp. alpinum (Schur) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 64: 5 (1963)
= Trifolium repens ssp. angustiflorum Krösche, 331 (1924)
= Trifolium repens ssp. giganteum (Lagr.-Foss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1973)
= Trifolium repens var. alpinum Schur, 158 (1866), nom. inval.
= Trifolium repens var. alpinum Schur ex Gams, 1304 (1923)
= Trifolium repens var. atropurpureum André, Pl. Feuill. Ornem.: 240 (1866)
= Trifolium repens var. carneum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 598 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium repens var. cultum Alef., Landw. Fl.: 79 (1866)
= Trifolium repens var. giganteum Lagr.-Foss., Fl. Tarn et Garonne 95 (1847)
= Trifolium repens var. gigas Chevall., Fl. Gen. Env. Paris 2: 797 (1827)
= Trifolium repens var. luxurians R.Lesson, Flore Rochefortine: 148 (1835)
= Trifolium repens var. luxurians Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 199 (1825)
= Trifolium repens var. maculatum Neuman, Bot. Not. 1883: 94 (1883)
= Trifolium repens var. pentaphyllum H.Mart., 129 (1817)
= Trifolium repens var. phyllanthum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 199 (1825)
= Trifolium repens var. proliferum Bastard, Essai Fl. Maine et Loire, Suppl.: 3 (1812)
= Trifolium repens var. proliferum Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan., 3: 335 (1877)
= Trifolium repens var. pseudopallescens Murr, 175 (1923)
= Trifolium repens var. quinatum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 598 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium repens var. rubescens Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 199 (1825)
= Trifolium repens var. rubrum Clute, Amer. Bot. (Binghamton) 38: 137 (1932)
= Trifolium repens var. sanguineum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 598 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Trifolium repens var. silvestre Alef., Landw. Fl.: 79 (1866), nom. inval.
= Trifolium repens var. subvillosum Pau ex Merino, Fl. Galicia, 3: 541 (1909)
= Trifolium repens var. unguiculatum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 199 (1825)
= Trifolium repens var. viviparum Roth, 199 (1793)
= Trifolium stipitatum Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 2: 71 (1847)
= Trifolium transsilvanicum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 154 (1866)
= Trifolium umbellatum Loscos, Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 3: 355 (1877)
= Trifolium venulosum Royle ex Baker, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 2: 86 (1876), nomen
variant :
var. macrorrhizum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 145 (1872)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium macrorrhizum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 5: 80 (1856) (non Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung.: 24 (1802))
= Trifolium pachypodum O.Schwarz, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 65: 140 (1962)
= Trifolium repens ssp. macrorrhizum (Boiss.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1972 publ. 1973)
variant :
var. nevadense (Boiss.) C.Vicioso; Ann. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavan. 10: 280 (1953)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium glareosum Boiss., (1845) (non Schleich. 1821)
= Trifolium nevadense Boiss., Diagn. PI. Orient. ser. 2, 2: 17 (1856)
= Trifolium pallescens Boiss., (1845) (non Schreb. 1804)
= Trifolium repens ssp. nevadense (Boiss.) Coombe, Feddes Repert. 79-. 54 (1968)
variant :
var. ochranthum K.Malý ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 500 (1908)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Romania
13 BUL ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium repens ssp. ochranthum (K.Malý) Nyár., Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 20: 45 (1940)
variant :
var. orbelicum (Velen.) Fritsch; Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Steierm. 47: 197 (1910)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Romania; Poland; Slovakia
11 POL SLO 13 BUL ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria repens ssp. orbelica (Velen.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium orbelicum Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1889(2): 33 (1890)
= Trifolium repens ssp. orbelicum (Velen.) Pawl., Mater. Fizjogr. Kraju 20: 9. (1949)
variant :
var. orphanideum (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 145 (1872)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey; Lebanon
13 GRC 34 LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria repens ssp. orphanidea (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium orphanideum Boiss., Diagn Pl Orient. ser. 2, 2: 17 (1856)
= Trifolium repens ssp. orphanideum (Boiss.) Coombe, Feddes Repert. 79: 54 (1968)
variant :
var. pozzicola Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse, 2(1): 290)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
variant :
var. prostratum (Biasol. ex W.D.J.Koch) Schur; 157 (1866)
Name: Kleiner Weiß-Klee (DE)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Croatia; Greece; European Turkey; Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Afghanistan; Iran; Portugal; Spain; SW-England
10 GRB 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA SIC SMA TUE 34 AFG IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria biasolettiana (Steud. & Hochst.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Amoria repens ssp. prostrata (Biasol. ex W.D.J.Koch) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium biasolettianum Steud. & Hochst. ex W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 173 (1842)
= Trifolium biasolettii Steud. & Hochst., Flora (Regensburg) 10: 72 (1827) (syn. subst.)
= Trifolium monvernense Shuttlew. ex Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. Franç., 5: 79 (1899)
= Trifolium neglectum Noë ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 178 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium prostratum Biasol. ex W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 173 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium repens f. prostratum (Biasol. ex W.D.J.Koch) Schur, 93 (1852)
= Trifolium repens proles biasolettii (Steud. & Hochst.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 79 (1899)
= Trifolium repens ssp. alpinum (Schur) Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., 64(1-3): 5 (1963)
= Trifolium repens ssp. biasolettii (Steud. & Hochst.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 175 (1882)
= Trifolium repens ssp. prostratum (Biasol. ex W.D.J.Koch) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 178 (1878)
= Trifolium repens var. biasolettii (Steud. & Hochst.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6, 2: 500 (1908)
= Trifolium repens var. minor M.Loehr, 170 (1852)
= Trifolium repens var. minus Gibelli & Belli, Atti Real Accad. Sc. Torino: 22 (1887)
species :
Trifolium resupinatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 771 (1753)
Name: Persischer Klee (DE); Reversed Clover (EN)
Distribution: Belgium; Romania; Austria [I]; Belgium [I]; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; European Russia [I]; Belarus [I]; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Tajikistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Lithuania [I]; Japan [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Ethiopia; South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Qatar [I]; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan Bamyan, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Gilgit); India (Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Québec [I]); Angola [I]
10 grb 11 aut BGM cze ger hun net slo swi 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 blr KRY lit rus UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 ETH 26 ang 27 saf 32 tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 qat SAU 38 jap 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria resupinata (L.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 720 (1990)
= Galearia resupinata (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Trifolium bicorne Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 139 (1775)
= Trifolium formosum Curtis ex DC., Prodr. 2: 200 (1825) (non d´Urv. 1822)
= Trifolium resupinatum f. albiflorum Zodda, 15 (1942), nom. inval.
= Trifolium resupinatum f. natans Glück, 340 (1911)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. gracile Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 93 (1899)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. microcephalum Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 2: 456 (1972)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. robustum Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 92 (1899)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. longipedunculatum Hossain, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 23: 454 (1961)
= Xerosphaera resupinata (L.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 154(1): 35 (1985 publ. 1986)
variant :
var. microcephalum Zohary; Israel J. Bot. 19: 324 (1970)
Distribution: Europe; Turkey; Iran; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ TUR
variant :
var. majus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 137 (1872)
Name: Wohlriechender Persischer Klee (DE)
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan; Syria; Spain [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 spa 34 AFG IRN SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galearia resupinata ssp. suaveolens (Willd.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium resupinatum ssp. suaveolens (Willd.) P.Silva, Agron. Lusit., 37(2): 181 (1976)
= Trifolium resupinatum ssp. suaveolens (Willd.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 636 (1973)
= Trifolium resupinatum var. suaveolens (Willd.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 52 2 (1908)
= Trifolium suaveolens Willd., Hort. Berol.: tab. 108 (1812)
species :
Trifolium retusum L.; Demonstr. Pl.: 21 (1753)
Name: Kleinblütiger Klee (DE), Teasel clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Hessen [I], +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Sachsen-Anhalt); Hungary; Romania; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Greece; Bulgaria; Crimea; Algeria; Morocco; Ukraine; Estonia [I]; Moldova; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); USA [I] (California [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 est KRY MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRQ TUR 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria parviflora (Ehrh.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1830)
= Amoria retusa (L.) Dostál, Seznam Cevn. Rostl. Kvet. Ceskoslov.: 143 (1982)
= Trifolium parviflorum Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 7: 165 (1792)
= Trifolium strictum Schreb., Sturm, Fl. Deutschl. Heft 15 (1804)
species :
Trifolium rhizomatosum O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 65: 140 (1962)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, not treated in revision of Zohary & Heller 1984
species :
Trifolium rhombeum S.Schauer; Linnaea, 20: 740 (1847)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz, Sonora, Mexico State, Sinaloa, Michoacan, Queretaro, Coahuila, Oaxaca, Chihuahua, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Morelos, México Distrito Federal, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Coahuila)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium amabile var. longifoliolum Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 1: 232 (1879)
= Trifolium goniocarpum Lojac., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 145 (1883)
= Trifolium longifoliolum (Hemsl.) House, Bot. Gaz. 41: 342 (1906)
= Trifolium longifolium (Hemsl.) House, Coult., Bot. Gaz. 41: 342 (1906)
= Trifolium potosanum Lojac., Nuov. Giarn. Bot. Ital. 15: (1883) 144 (p. p.)
species :
Trifolium riograndense Burkart; Darwiniana 3: 421 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. riograndense
Distribution: Argentina (Misiones); Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Soriano)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocaliculatum Del Puerto; Comun. Bot. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo. 4(55): 1 (1972)
Distribution: Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Treinta y Tres)
85 URU
species :
Trifolium rollinsii J.M.Gillett; Madrono. 21 (7): 453 (1972)
Name: Rollins´ clover
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium kingii ssp. rollinsii (J.M.Gillett) D.Heller, Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 200 (1984)
= Trifolium macilentum var. rollinsii (J.M.Gillett) Barneby, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 3B: 224 (1989)
species :
Trifolium roussaeanum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 26 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus)
34 CYP TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium angustifolium subvar. roussaeanum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 39: 346 (1889)
= Trifolium desvauxii var. roussaeanum (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 123 (1872)
= Trifolium purpureum ssp. roussaeanum (Boiss.) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 105 (1914)
species :
Trifolium rubens L.; Sp. Pl.: 768 (1753)
Name: Fuchsschwanz-Klee, Purpur-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Luxembourg; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Poland; Romania; NE-Spain; France; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Belarus; Lithuania; Ukraine; Turkey (W-Anatolia); +Algeria
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lagopus glaber Bernh., Syst. Verz. Pfl. Erfurt: 238 (1800)
= Trifolium eriocaulon Scheele, Flora 26: 440 (1843)
= Trifolium rubens f. guarensis Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat., 4: 290 (1905)
= Trifolium rubens subvar. submedium (Murr) Gams, 1348 (1923)
= Trifolium rubens var. ciliatum Wirtg., 41 (1841)
= Trifolium rubens var. furcata Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 190 (1825)
= Trifolium rubens var. ramosissima Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 190 (1825)
= Trifolium rubens var. submedium Murr, 50 (1899)
= Trifolium rubens var. villosum Vis. & Sacc., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Veneto: 260 (1869)
= Triphylloides rubens (L.) Moench, Methodus 509 (1794)
species :
Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen.; Flora, 22: 51 (1839)
Distribution: Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi [I]; Nigeria; South Sudan; Tanzania; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zimbabwe [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
22 NGA 23 BIO CMN ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 mlw zim
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium preussii Taub. ex Baker fil., Legum. Trop. Africa: 82 (1926)
= Trifolium rueppellianum var. minimiflorum J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7: 390 (1952)
= Trifolium rueppellianum var. preussii (Taub. ex Baker fil.) J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 7: 389 (1952)
= Trifolium rueppellianum var. subrotundum (Hochst. & Steud. ex A.Rich.) Fiori, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 55: 339 (1949)
= Trifolium subrotundum Steud. & Hochst., Flora, 24: (1841) I. Intell. 32
= Trigonella marginata Hochst. & Steud., Flora, 24: (1841) I. Intell. 32
species :
Trifolium salmoneum Mouterde; Fl. Djeb. Druze 128 (1953)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Palestine
34 ISR PAL SYR
species :
Trifolium saxatile All.; Auct. Syn. Stirp. Taurin.: 25 (1773)
Name: Stein-Klee
Distribution: Austria; France; Switzerland; Italy (Alps)
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium glaciale Reyner ex J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 1141 (1792)
= Trifolium thymiflorum Vill., Prosp. 43 (1779)
species :
Trifolium scabrum L.; Sp. Pl.: 770 (1753)
Name: Rauer Klee (DE); Rough Clover (EN)
Distribution: Belgium; England; Channel Isl.; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Hessen [I], Sachsen [I]); Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkmenistan; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (New Jersey [I]); New Zealand [I]
10 GRB IRE 11 BGM GER NET SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium ochroleucum Rostk. & Schmidt, Fl. Sedin.: 302 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium scabrum f. hirsuticaule H.Lindb., Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48(13): 54 (1906)
= Trifolium scabrum f. roseum H.Lindb., Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48(13): 54 (1906)
= Trifolium scabrum var. glabrum Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., N. ser. 26: 214 (1919)
= Trifolium scabrum var. hirsuticaulis H.Lindb., ltin. Medit., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Nov. Ser. B 1(2): 91 (1932)
= Trifolium trichodontium Gand., Contrib. FI. Terr. Slav. Merkl.: 9 (1883)
= Trifolium turcicum Velen., Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 1892-1893: 23 (1892)
species :
Trifolium schimperi (Hochst.) A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 173 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxospermum schimperi (Hochst.) Hochst., Flora, 29: 594 (1846)
= Trigonella schimperi Hochst., Flora, 24: (1841) I. Intell. 32
species :
Trifolium schneideri Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 22: 83 (1940)
Distribution: NE-Mexico
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Trifolium scutatum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 27 (1843)
Name: Schild-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Libya; East Aegaean Isl.; Germany [I]
11 ger 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
species :
Trifolium sebastiani Savi; Diar. Med. Flajani (1815); ex Sebast. Rom. Pl. fasc. 2: 14
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; ?Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Macedonia; Sicily; Turkey (WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA NMA SIC SRB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis sebastiani (Savi) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Amarenus sebastiani (Savi) C.Presl, Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
species :
Trifolium semipilosum Fresen.; Flora, 22: 52 (1839)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Kenya; Malawi; Tanzania; Uganda; South Africa [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Yemen (W-Yemen, N-Inner Yemen); St. Helena [I]
24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW zim 27 saf 28 sth 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium semipilosum var. kilimanjaricum Baker fil., Legum. Trop. Africa 1: 81 (1926)
= Trifolium semipilosum var. microphyllum Chiov., Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 406 (1908 publ. 1907)
= Trifolium semipilosum var. sennii Chiov. ex Fiori, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 55: 342 (1948)
variant :
var. brunellii (Chiov. ex Fiori) Thulin; Nordic J. Bot., 2(1): 51 (1982)
Distribution: Ethiopia; ?Eritrea
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium brunellii Chiov. ex Fiori, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 55: 342 (1949), nom. inval.
variant :
var. glabrescens J.B.Gillett; Kew Bull. 7: 385 (1952)
Distribution: Yemen; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; S-Ethiopia; Malawi
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW 35 YEM
variant :
var. intermedium Thulin; Nordic J. Bot., 2(1): 52 (1982)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium setiferum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 32 (1843)
Name: Reichnerviger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy; ?Montenegro; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; Turkey (W-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 ALB BUL CRO ITA SIC TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Mistyllus setifer (Boiss.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium multistriatum W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. ed. 2: 190 (1843)
= Trifolium vesiculosum ssp. multistriatum (W.D.J.Koch) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 499 (1894)
= Trifolium vesiculosum ssp. setiferum (Boiss.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 42: 195 (1892)
species :
Trifolium simense Fresen.; Flora, 22: 49 (1839)
Distribution: Burundi; Cameroon; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Rwanda; South Sudan; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Eritrea; Nigeria
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium simense f. albiflorum Piovano, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 56: 474 (1949)
species :
Trifolium sintenisii Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 41: 404 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia)
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysaspis sintenisii (Freyn) Hendrych, Preslia 48: 220 (1976)
= Trifolium stipitatum Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 149 (1872) (non Clos 1847)
species :
Trifolium siskiyouense J.M.Gillett; Canad. J. Bot., 58(13): 1441 (1980)
Name: Siskiyou clover
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium wormskioldii var. siskiyouense (J.M.Gillett) Isely, Native & Natural. Legumin. (Fabac.) U. S. (excl. Alaska & Hawaii): 936 (1998)
species :
Trifolium somalense Taub. ex Harms; Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma, 7: 90 (1898)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium sonorense T.K.Ahlq. & Vincent; Phytoneuron 2018-1: 1-5 (2018)
Name: Sonora clover
Distribution: USA (S-Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora, Sinaloa, Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Lupinaster, amabile agg.
species :
Trifolium spadiceum L.; Fl. Suec. ed. 2: 261 (1755)
Name: Moor-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Moldova; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]; Chile [I] (Magallanes [I]); Argentina [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Amarenus spadiceus (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 362 (1868)
= Chrysaspis spadicea (L.) Greene, Pittonia 3: 205 (1897)
= Trifolium badium ssp. spadiceum (L.) Bonnier & Layens, 77 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium decipiens Hornem., Hort. Hafn., 2: 719 (1813)
= Trifolium litigiosum Desv., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. I. 13: 329 (1828)
= Trifolium spadiceum f. ramosum Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 558 (1976)
= Triftthun badium ssp. spadiceum (L.) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Franç.: 77 (1894)
species :
Trifolium spananthum Thulin; Bot. Notiser, 129(2): 167 (1976)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Trifolium spumosum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 771 (1753)
Name: Schaum-Klee (DE); Mediterranean Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Bulgaria; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I]); Burundi [I]; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 23 bur 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria spumosa (L.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 719 (1990)
= Mistyllus spumosus (L.) Bobrov, Bot. J., URSS, 52: 1599 (1967), isonym
= Mistyllus spumosus (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 49 (1830)
= Trifolium apulum All., Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 24 (1773)
= Trifolium folliculatum Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 599 (1778)
species :
Trifolium squamosum L.; Amoen. Acad. 4: 105 (1759)
Name: Schuppen-Klee (DE); Sea Clover (EN)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Azerbaijan; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Gomera, La Palma Isl., Gran Canaria); USA [I] (Florida [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Uruguay [I]
10 GRB 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 AZE 34 EAI IRN LEB TUR 50 aus 75 usa 78 usa 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albidum Steven ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 543 (1843), nomen
= Trifolium baeticum Lag. ex Ser. ex DC., Prodr. 2: 193 (1825), nomen
= Trifolium cinctum DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Monsp.: 152 (1813)
= Trifolium clypeatum Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 436 (1813), nom. illeg., non L.
= Trifolium commutatum Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 543 (1843)
= Trifolium glabellum C.Presl, Fl. Sicul.,1: 21 (1826)
= Trifolium glabrum J.Gay ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 175 (1878), nomen
= Trifolium irregulare Pourr., Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 331 (1788)
= Trifolium maritimum Huds., Fl. Angl.: 284 (1762)
= Trifolium maritimum ssp. cinctum (DC.) Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino ser.2, 39: 389 (1889)
= Trifolium maritimum ssp. nigrocinctum (Boiss. & Orph.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 175 (1878)
= Trifolium maritimum ssp. xatardii (DC.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 559 (1936)
= Trifolium maritimum subvar. bastardianum Pérez Lara, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 240 (1892)
= Trifolium maritimum var. irregulare (Pourr.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. PI., 6(2): 587 (1908)
= Trifolium maritimum var. moriferum Lojac., Tent. Monogr. Trif. Sic.: 136 (1878)
= Trifolium maritimum var. nigrocinctum (Boiss. & Orph.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 129 (1872)
= Trifolium nigrocinctum Boiss. & Orph., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 47 (1859)
= Trifolium pratense var. baeticum (Lag. ex Ser. ex DC.) C.Vicioso, Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 11: 317 (1954)
= Trifolium rigidum Savi, Fl. Pis. 1: t. 1, f. 1
= Trifolium squamosum ssp. xatardii (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 38: 70 (1974)
= Trifolium stipulaceum Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 116 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium succinctum Vis., Flora, 12: f. Erg. 21 (1829)
= Trifolium xatardii DC., Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3, 5:558 (1815)
species :
Trifolium squarrosum L.; Sp. Pl.: 768 (1753)
Name: Sparriger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Ukraine; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Burundi [I]; Mauritania; Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 22 MTN 23 bur 34 EAI LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium albidum Retz., Observ. Bot. 4: 30 (1786)
= Trifolium dipsaceum Thuill., Fl. Paris ed. 2: 382 (1800)
= Trifolium flavicans Link, Handbuch 2: 170 (1831)
= Trifolium longipedunculatum Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 706 (1828), nomen
= Trifolium longistipulatum Loisel., Fl. Gall., ed. 2, 2: 122 (1828)
= Trifolium maculatum Host, Fl. Austriac. 2: 373 (1831)
= Trifolium maritimum ssp. panormitanum (C.Presl) Bonnier & Layens, Fl. Franç.: 80 (1894)
= Trifolium marsicum Ten., Syll. Fl. Neapol.: 620 (1831)
= Trifolium oblongifolium Ser., Prodr. [A. DC.], 2: 197 (1825)
= Trifolium panormitanum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2:128 (1828)
= Trifolium panormitanum C.Presl, Fl. Sicula: 21: (1826)
= Trifolium squarrosum ssp. panormitanum (C.Presl) Pott.-Alap., Fl. Tunisie: 361 (1979) (comb. inval.)
= Trifolium squarrosum ssp. tunetanum (Murb.) Pott.-Alap., Fl. Tunisie: 361 (1979) (comb. inval.)
= Trifolium squarrosum var. majus Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 101 (1899)
= Trifolium squarrosum var. minus Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 101 (1899)
= Trifolium tunetanum Murb., Acta Univ. Lund. 33(12): 65 (1897)
species :
Trifolium stellatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 769 (1753)
Name: Stern-Klee (DE); Starry Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; S-Europe; France [I]; Hungary [I]; Germany [I]; Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger hun 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium stellatum f. xanthinoides Rohlena, Magyar Bot. Lapok 3: 322 (1905)
= Trifolium stellatum ssp. adpressum (Turrill) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium stellatum ssp. longiflorum (Griseb.) Ponert, Feddes Repert. 83: 637 (1973)
= Trifolium stellatum var. adpressum Turrill, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1924: 327 (1924)
= Trifolium stellatum var. longiflorum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 19 (1843)
= Trifolium xanthinoides Rohlena ex A.W.Hill, Index Kewensis, Supp. 6: 212 1916-(1920 publ. 1926)
= Trifolium xanthinoides Rohlena, Magyar Bot. Lap. 3: 322 (1905), pro forma
species :
Trifolium steudneri Schweinf.; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 18: 652 (1868)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Uganda; Eritrea; South Africa [I]
24 ERI ETH 25 KEN UGA 27 saf
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bellianum Chiov., Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 407 (1908)
= Trifolium schimperianum Hochst. ex Baker fil., Legum. Trop. Afr. 82 (1926)
species :
Trifolium stipulaceum Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 136 (1800)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium micropetalum E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 90 (1836)
= Trifolium micropetalum var. majus E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 90 (1836)
= Trifolium micropetalum var. minus E.Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 90 (1836)
species :
Trifolium stoloniferum Muhl.; Cat. 70 (1813)
Name: Running buffalo clover
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
species :
Trifolium stolzii Harms; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 257 (1916)
Distribution: Tanzania; Ethiopia
24 ETH 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium wentzelianum var. stolzii (Harms) J.B.Gillett, Kew Bull. 24: 217 (1970)
species :
Trifolium striatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 770 (1753)
Name: Streifen-Klee (DE), Knotted clover (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Hungary; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Crimea; Belarus [I]; Estonia [I]; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); USA [I] (Arkansas [I], California [I], Georgia [I], Massachusetts [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I]); Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 blr est KRY 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium conicum Kit. ex Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 717 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium conicum Pers. ex Savi, Obs. Trif. 41 (1810) (non Lag. 1816)
= Trifolium cylindricum Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 249 (1840)
= Trifolium incanum C.Presl, J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 51 (1822)
= Trifolium kitaibelianum Ser., DC. Prod. 2: 194 (1825)
= Trifolium striatum ssp. brevidens (Lange) A.F.Muñoz Rodríguez, Acta Bot. Malacitana, 17: 100 (1992)
= Trifolium striatum ssp. tenerum (Ten.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 169 (1882)
= Trifolium striatum ssp. tenuiflorum (Ten.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 169 (1882)
= Trifolium striatum ssp. tenuiflorum (Ten.) Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 374 (1976)
= Trifolium striatum subvar. spinescens (Lange) Pérez Lara, Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 21: 235 (1892)
= Trifolium striatum var. basalticum Nègre, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 40: 278 (1960)
= Trifolium striatum var. brevidens Lange, Naturhist. Foren. Vidensk. Meddel., 2, Aart. VII: 363 (1860-65)
= Trifolium striatum var. elatum Lojac., Tent. Monogr. Trif. Sic.: 124 (1878)
= Trifolium striatum var. elongatum Lojac., Tent. Monogr. Trif. Sic.: 124 (1878)
= Trifolium striatum var. elongatum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 101 (1899)
= Trifolium striatum var. incanum (C.Presl) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 528 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium striatum var. incanum Mérat, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 292 (1812)
= Trifolium striatum var. kitaibelianum (Ser.) Heuff., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien., 8: Abb. 89 (1858)
= Trifolium striatum var. lasiocalyx Batt. ex Maire, Cavanillesia 2: 51 (1929)
= Trifolium striatum var. longiflorum Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Gr.,1: 393 (1901)
= Trifolium striatum var. macrodontum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 130 (1872)
= Trifolium striatum var. micranthum Wender., 251 (1846)
= Trifolium striatum var. nanum Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 101 (1899)
= Trifolium striatum var. neicevii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 6: 560 (1976)
= Trifolium striatum var. prostratum Lange, Bot. Tidsskr. 3: 124 (1860)
= Trifolium striatum var. schreberianum Ducommun, 170 (1869)
= Trifolium striatum var. spinescens Lange, Index Seminum (C, Hauniensi) 1855: 25 (1855)
= Trifolium striatum var. strictum Dreyer ex Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed.4: 832 (1888)
= Trifolium striatum var. tenuiflorum (Ten.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 169 (1882)
= Trifolium tenuiflorum Ten., Fl. Napol. 1: 44: 1811-1815
species :
Trifolium strictum L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 24 (1755)
Name: Steifer Klee (DE)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Slovakia; Hungary; Romania; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Germany [I]
10 GRB 11 ger HUN SLO 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Paramesus laevigatus (Poir.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Paramesus strictus (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 46 (1830)
= Paramesus strictus (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 79 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Trifolium laevigatum Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 219 (1789)
= Trifolium laevigatum var. minus Rouy, Fl. Franç., 5: 90 (1899)
= Trifolium laevigatum var. raquiticum Costa, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 3: 213 (1874)
= Trifolium lucidum Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 419 (1878)
= Trifolium strictum var. elatum Ser., A. DC., Prodr. 2: 198 (1825)
species :
Trifolium subterraneum L.; Sp. Pl.: 767 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. subterraneum
Name: Subterranean clover (EN), Bodenblütiger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Netherlands; Hungary; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Crimea; Belarus [I]; Ukraine; Moldova; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Japan [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I]); Uruguay [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); India [c]; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Graciosa); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); South Africa [I]
10 GRB IRE 11 BGM ger HUN NET 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL ITA MLT ROM SIC TUE 14 blr KRY MLD UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 saf 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 38 jap 40 ind 50 aus lhi 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Calycomorphum subterraneum (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Trifolium subterraneum ssp. longipes (H.Gay) Cout., Fl. Portugal 2: 409 (1939)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. brachycladum Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 4: 183 (1893)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. longipes H.Gay, Bull. Assoc. Franc. Avanc. Sci. 1889: 500 (1889)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. majusculum Adamovic, Israel J. Bot. 14: 124 (1965)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. vulgare Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 50 (1855)
= Triphylloides comosa Moench, Methodus: 509 (1794), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. oxaloides Bunge ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 177 (1878)
Name: Bodenfrüchtiger Klee (DE); Subterranean Clover (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; Sardinia; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Romania; Bulgaria; Turkey; Northern Caucasus; S-Turkey; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN 33 NCS 34 EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium armeniacum Penny ex G.Don, Loudon, Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 601 (1832), nomen
= Trifolium brachycalycinum (Katzn. & F.H.W.Morley) F.H.W.Morley, Taxon 32: 466 (1983)
= Trifolium subterraneum ssp. brachycalycinum Katzn. & F.H.W.Morley, Israel J. Bot. 14: 127 (1965)
= Trifolium subterraneum ssp. yanninicum Katzn. & F.H.W.Morley, Israel J. Bot. 14: 126 (1965)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. flagelliforme Guss., Enum. Pl. Ins. Inarime 50 (1854)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. graecum Katzn. & F.H.W.Morley, Israel J. Bot. 14: 129 (1965)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. oxaloides (Bunge ex Nyman) Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 99 (1899)
= Trifolium subterraneum var. yanninicum (Katzn. & Morley) Zohary, Zohary & D. Heller, Genus Trifolium: 529 (1984)
= Trifolium yanninicum (Katzn. & F.H.W.Morley) F.H.W.Morley, Taxon 32: 466 (1983)
species :
Trifolium suffocatum L.; Mant. Pl.: 276 (1771)
Name: Schmächtiger Klee (DE); Suffocated Clover (EN)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Romania; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Azores (Pico); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I]); New Zealand [I]; Germany [I]
10 GRB 11 ger 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 saf 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria suffocata (L.) R.M.Burton, Fl. London Area: 225 (1983), isonym
= Amoria suffocata (L.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 720 (1990), isonym
= Amoria suffocata (L.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 78 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Micrantheum suffocatum (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 48 (1830)
= Microphyton suffocatum (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Trifolium clandestinum Lag., Elench. Pl. 23 (1816)
= Trifolium costei Sennen, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat., 15: 228 (1916)
species :
Trifolium sylvaticum Gérard; J. Bot. (Desv.) 2: 367 (1809)
Name: Wald-Klee (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; E-Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (N-Israel); Syria (Jbel Druze); Germany [I]
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SRB 20 MOR 34 EAI IRQ ISR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bonnevillei Mouterde, Fl. Djebet Druze: 127 (1953)
= Trifolium bourgaei Boiss., Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 121 (1872)
= Trifolium hervieri Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 543 (1893)
= Trifolium lagopinum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 136 (1880)
= Trifolium lagopus Pourr. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 1365 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium lagopus var. smyrnaeum (Boiss.) Bornm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 475 (1925), nom. superfl.
= Trifolium lagopus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1365 (1802) (non Gouan 1764, nom. illeg.)
= Trifolium smyrnaeum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 25 (1843)
species :
Trifolium tembense Fresen.; Flora, 22: 51 (1839)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Rwanda; Tanzania; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Eritrea
23 RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium calocephalum var. parviflorum Chiov., Ann. Bot. (Rome) 8: 405 (1908)
= Trifolium goetzenii Taub., Goetzen, Durch Afrika Von Ost Nach West, reimpr: 6 (1896)
= Trifolium umbellatum A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 172 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Trifolium umbellulatum A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 172 (1847)
species :
Trifolium tenuifolium Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: 44 (1811-1815)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Trifolium bocconei ssp. tenuifolium (Ten.) Gibelli & Belli, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 39: 410 (1889)
= Trifolium bocconei var. tenuifolium (Ten.) Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 1: 23 (1843)
= Trifolium tenoreanum Boiss. & Spruner, Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2: 26 (1843), nom. illeg.
species :
Trifolium thalii Vill.; Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphine: 43 (1779)
Name: Rasiger Klee (DE)
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Spain (mountains); Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria caespitosa (J.F.Gmel.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1831)
= Amoria thalii (Vill.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 362 (1868)
= Trifolium angulatum J.Gay ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 496 (1832)
= Trifolium caespitosum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7:144 (1880)
= Trifolium caespitosum Willd., Sp. Pl., 3: 1359 (1802)
= Trifolium cespitosum J.F.Gmel., Syst. 1141 (1791)
species :
Trifolium thompsonii Morton; J. Wash. Acad. Sc., 23: 270 (1933)
Name: Thompson´s clover
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
Synonyms: hidden
= Lupinaster thompsonii (Morton) Latsch., Zam. Sist. Geogr. Rast., 32: 22 (1976)
species :
Trifolium tomentosum L.; Sp. Pl.: 771 (1753)
Name: Filz-Klee (DE); Woolly Clover (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Albania; Germany [I]; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Japan [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Sudan; South Africa [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Biobío [I]); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); India [c]; USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], Massachusetts [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 SUD 27 saf 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 38 jap 40 ind 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Amoria tomentosa (L.) Roskov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(5): 720 (1990)
= Galearia tomentosa (L.) C.Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1830)
= Trifolium curvisepalum Täckh., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 26: 373 (1932)
= Trifolium hebraeum Bobrov, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyss. Rast. 6: 259 (1947)
= Trifolium pantocsekii Gand., Contrib. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid.: 8 (1883)
= Trifolium rectiusculum Gand., Contrib. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid.: 8 (1883)
= Trifolium resupinatum ssp. tomentosum (L.) Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Reale Ac. Sci. Tor. ser. 2, 41: 163 (1891)
= Trifolium tomentosum subvar. minus Gibelli & Belli, Mém. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 41: 18 (1890)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. chthonocephalum Bornm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 204 (1914)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. curvisepalum (Täckh.) J.Thiébaut, Fl. Lib.-Syr. 2: 28 (1940)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. lanatum Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 328 (1970)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. leiocalyx Pau, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 24: 133 (1895)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. minus (Gibelli & Belli) Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 94 (1899)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. orientale Bornm., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 581 (1898)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. pedunculatum Nábelek, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno, 35: 71 (1923)
= Trifolium tomentosum var. philistaeum Zohary, Israel J. Bot. 19: 329 (1970)
= Trifolium visianii Gand., Contrib.