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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

124.0000 Family Liliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 48 (1789), nom. cons.
16-17 genera, ca. 800 spp.
Species listed in database: 801; hybrids: 7
= Calochortaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 53 (1829)
= Compsoaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
= Erythroniaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 238 (1820)
= Fritillariaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 56 (1866)
= Liriaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 1: 374 (1797)
= Medeolaceae Takht., Sist. Magnoliof. (Syst. Magnolioph.): 291 (1987)
= Paridaceae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 131 (1827)
= Scoliopaceae Takht., Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 81(2): 86 (1996)
= Tricyrtidaceae Takht., Divers. Classif. Fl. Pl.: 482 (1997), nom. cons.
= Tulipaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 2: 391 (1797)
124.5104 Genus Tulipa L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 305 (1753)
Distribution: Asia Minor, many C-Asia, few Europe and North Africa
Species listed in database: 132
= Eduardoregelia Popov, Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Almaat. Acad. Sc. No. 3 (1936)
= Liriactis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 97 (1836)
= Liriopogon Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Orithyia D.Don, Sweet, Brit. Flow. Gard. Ser. II. t. 336 (1836)
= Podonix Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 28 (1836)
species :
Tulipa affinis Botschantz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 6 (1961)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa agenensis DC.; Redoute, Liliacees 1: 60 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. agenensis
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran; Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); France [I]; Italy [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]
12 fra 13 ita TUE 20 alg mor tun 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa acutiflora Poir., Encyc. 8: 134 (1808)
= Tulipa aleppica Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 278 (1874)
= Tulipa boissieri Regel, Gartenflora 22: 296 (1873)
= Tulipa dammanii Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 688 (1889)
= Tulipa heliophthalma St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 70 (1880)
= Tulipa loretii Jord., Ann. Soc. Lyon, N. S. V. (1858) 9
= Tulipa maleolens Reboul, Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not., App.: 1 (1823)
= Tulipa martelliana Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 245 (1884)
= Tulipa oculus-solis St.-Amans, Rec. Soc. Agr. Sci. Agen. 1: 75 (1804) (nom. nud.)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. loretii (Jord.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
= Tulipa veneris A.D.Hall, J. Bot. 76: 317 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. sharonensis (Dinsm.) Feinbrun; Fl. Palaestina, 4: 41 (1986)
Distribution: Israel / Jordania
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sharonensis Dinsm., Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2: 621 (1933)
species :
Tulipa akamasica Christod., Hand & Charalamb.; Fl. Medit. 24: 208 (2014)
Distribution: Cyprus (Akamas peninsula)
34 CYP
Conservation Status: highly threatened, only about 200 plants known
species :
Tulipa albanica Kit Tan & Shuka; Phytotaxa 10: 19 (2010)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
species :
Tulipa albertii Regel; Gartenfl. (1877) 257, et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 5: 264 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa butkovii Botschantz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 8 (1961)
species :
Tulipa aleppensis Boiss. ex Regel; Gartenfl. (1873) 296, et Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 450 (1873)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. aleppica Baker, J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
species :
Tulipa altaica Pall. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 63 (1825)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa anisophylla Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 147. (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa annae J.de Groot & Zonn.; Int. Rock Gard. 122: 10 (2020)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa armena Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2,4: 99 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Armenia
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa mucronata Fomin, Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 9: 13 (1908)
variant :
var. lycica (Baker) Marais; Kew Bull., 35(2): 258 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, C-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa ciliatula Baker, Gard. Chron. (1890) 1: 640, fig. 106
= Tulipa concinna Baker, Gard. Chron. (1893) 1: 538
= Tulipa foliosa Stapf, Denkschr. Akad. Wien, 50: 80 (1885)
= Tulipa heterochroa Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 184 (1896)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. lycica Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
variant :
var. galatica (Freyn) Eker; Türk. Bitkileri List. 610 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa armena f. galatica (Freyn) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol. 195: 41 (1995)
= Tulipa galatica Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 186 (1896)
species :
Tulipa auliekolica Perezhogin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 98(12): 1558 (2013), et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 145 (2014)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa bactriana J.de Groot & Tojibaev; Int. Rock Gard. 131: 7, photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa banuensis Grey-Wilson; Kew Bull. 29(1): 76 (1974)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan)
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa berkariensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 109: [33], photogrs. (2019)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa biebersteiniana Schult. & Schult.fil.; Syst. 7: 382 (1829)
Distribution: European Russia (SE-European Russia); Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Armenia; Iran
14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa biebersteiniana var. tricolor (Klokov & Zoz) Knjaz., Kulikov & E. G. Philippov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 116 (2001)
= Tulipa celsiana Henning, Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 6: (1823) 70, nom. illeg.
= Tulipa graniticola (Klokov & Zoz) Klokov
= Tulipa hypanica Klokov & Zoz, Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov, ed. Med., 1: 66, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa microgyna Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 292 (1874)
= Tulipa ophiophylla Klokov & Zoz, Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med., 1: 68, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla ssp. bestashica Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 69 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla ssp. donetzica Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 68 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla ssp. graniticola Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 68 (1936)
= Tulipa pumila Tausch, Flora, 12: (1829) I. Erg. 47, nom. illeg.
= Tulipa quercetorum Klokov & Zoz, Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med., 1: 63, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa quercetorum var. tricolor Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 72 (1936)
= Tulipa riparia Knjaz., Kulikov & E.G.Philippov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 116 (2001)
= Tulipa riparia var. lutea Knjaz., Kulikov & E.G.Philippov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 117 (2001)
= Tulipa sareptana Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 66 (1936)
= Tulipa scythica Klokov & Zoz, Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med., 1: 69, 73 (1936)
= Tulipa sylvestris M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 270 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa sylvestris var. biebersteiniana (Schult. & Schult.fil.) Regel, Acta Hort. Petrop. 2: 442 (1873)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. minor Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
= Tulipa valerii Zoz & Klokov, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 72 (1936)
species :
Tulipa biflora Pall.; Reise 3: 727 (1776)
Distribution: Macedonia; Crimea; European Russia (E-European Russia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan, Talysh); Siberia (W-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Egypt (Eastern Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Pakistan; Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai)
13 NMA 14 KRY RUS 20 EGY 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Eriostemones, Biflores
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriopogon biflorum (Pall.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Orithyia biflora (Pall.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 227 (1843)
= Podonix albiflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 28 (1836)
= Tulipa bessarabica Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 167 (1906)
= Tulipa biflora var. major Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 200 (1882)
= Tulipa callieri Halácsy & Levier, Jahres.-Kat. Wien. Tauschanst., 69 (1897)
= Tulipa crispatula Boiss. & Buhse, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 211 (1860)
= Tulipa halophila Bornm. & Gauba, Fedde, Repert. 47: 77 (1939) (in obs.)
= Tulipa humilis var. crispatula (Boiss. & Buhse) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 200 (1882)
= Tulipa koktebelica Junge, Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 16: 112 (1916)
= Tulipa mariannae Lindt, Bull. Soc. Sci. Skopje (Sci. Nat.) 20: 137 (1939) (Lu)
= Tulipa polychroma Stapf, Denkschr. Akad. Wien, 50: 18 (1885)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. biflora (Pall.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
species :
Tulipa bifloriformis Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 358 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa binutans Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 13: 33 (1952)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa boettgeri Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 366 (1887)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Tulipa borszczowii Regel; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41: (1868) I. 438
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa glaucophylla Fisch. ex Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 448 (1873)
species :
Tulipa botschantzevae S.N.Abramova & Zakal.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 10: 104 (1973)
Distribution: Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag); NE-Iran
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Tulipa brachystemon Regel; Gartenfl. 323 (1882)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa buhseana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 98 (1859)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan
32 KAZ UZB
species :
Tulipa carinata Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 332 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Herat, Takhar)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa carinata Vved., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 2: 318 (1971)
species :
Tulipa caucasica Lipsky; Act. Hort. Tiflis, 6: I. 85 (1905)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa lipskyi Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 1: 223 (1928), nom. superfl.
species :
Tulipa cinnabarina K.Perss.; New Plantsman, 7(4): 200 (2000)
subspecies :
subsp. cinnabarina
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. toprakii Yildirim & Eker; PhytoKeys 69: 66 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa clusiana DC.; Redoute, Liliacees 1: t. 37 (1803)
Name: Lady Tulip
Distribution: Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Zabul); Pakistan (Chitral, Waziristan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Turkey (W-Anatolia [I]); East Aegaean Isl. [I] (Chios [I]); France [I]; Italy [I]; Tunisia [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 fra 13 ita 20 tun 34 AFG eai IRN TUR 40 IND PAK 76 usa
Remarks: Eriostemones, Clusianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aitchisonii A.D.Hall, Journ. Bot., Lond., 76: 313, 368 (1938)
= Tulipa aitchisonii ssp. cashmeriana A.D.Hall, J. Bot. 76: 315 (1938)
= Tulipa aitchisonii var. clusianoides Wendelbo, Koie & Reching., Symb. Afghan. 4: 162 (1968)
= Tulipa clusiana f. cashmeriana (A.D.Hall) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 37 (1995)
= Tulipa clusiana f. clusianoides (Wendelbo) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb, Candollea, 40(1): 169 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. diniae Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 36 (1995)
= Tulipa clusiana f. fernandezii (Blatt.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb, Candollea, 40(1): 169 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. porphyreochrysantha (Blatt.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb, Candollea, 40(1): 168 (1985)
= Tulipa fernandezii Blatt., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37: 420 (1934)
= Tulipa hafisii Bornm. & Gauba, Feddes Repert. 47: 77 (1939)
= Tulipa hispanica Willd. ex Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 380 (1829) (in obs.)
= Tulipa porphyreochrysantha Blatt., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37: 421 (1934)
= Tulipa rubroalba Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 520 (1804)
species :
Tulipa confusa Gabrielian; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 38 (1966)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
species :
Tulipa cretica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(13): 19 (1853)
Name: Kretische Tulpe
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa cypria Stapf; Bot. Mag. 157: t. 9363 (1934)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Tulipa dasystemon (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 507 (1880)
Distribution: China (W-Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Orithyia dasystemon Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 261 (1877)
species :
Tulipa dasystemonoides Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 147 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa dianaeverettiae J.de Groot & Zonn.; Int. Rock Gard. 122: 7, photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa doerfleri Gand.; Fl. Cret. 102, No. 1814 (1916)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Crete; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Croatia [I]
13 BUL cro KRI TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones. Synonymy unclear.
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa atheniensis Orph., Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 116 (1870)
= Tulipa bithynica Griseb. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 14: 282 (1874)
= Tulipa crocata Orph., Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 116 (1870)
= Tulipa grisebachiana Pantoc., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 23: 265 (1873)
= Tulipa grisebachii Borbás, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 33: 202 (1883)
= Tulipa hageri Heldr., Gartenflora 23: 97, t. 790 (1874)
= Tulipa hayatii O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 69 (1934)
= Tulipa hellespontica Arpad, Magyar Bot. Lap., 32: 145 (1933)
= Tulipa minervae Orph. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 294 (1874)
= Tulipa orphanidea ssp. doerfleri (Gand.) Zonn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa orphanidea ssp. whittalii (A.D.Hall) Zonn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa orphanidea var. whittallii (A.D.Hall) Dykes, Not. tulip sp. 34 (t. 8) (1930)
= Tulipa splendens Delip., Feddes Repert. 87: 3 (1976)
= Tulipa theophrasti Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 143 (1897)
= Tulipa thracica Davidov, Speisan. Bulghar. Akad. Nauk. 12: 118 (1915)
= Tulipa turcica Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 382 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa whittallii (Dykes) A.D.Hall, Book Tulip: 60 (1926)
species :
Tulipa dubia Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 148 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
species :
Tulipa faribae Ghahr., Attar & F.Ghahrem.; Novon 17(4): 437 (2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa ferganica Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 148 (1935)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa altaica var. ferganica (Vved.) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 39 (1995)
species :
Tulipa florenskyi Woronow; Not. Syst. Leningrad 5: 61 (1924)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Azerbaijan (Nagorny-Karabach, Nachichevan); Armenia
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa karabaghensis Grossh., Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, 2: 249 (1936) (p. p. incl. typo)
species :
Tulipa fosteriana Irving; Gard. Chron., III, 39: 322 (1906)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Kabul)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG
species :
Tulipa gesneriana L.; Sp. Pl. 306 (1753)
Name: Garten-Tulpe
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia); France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Switzerland [I]; Italy [I]; European Russia [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Ohio [I])
11 swi 12 cis fra 13 ita 14 rus 30 sib 33 ncs 34 TUR 38 kor tai 75 usa
Remarks: gesnerana agg., Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa acuminata Vahl ex Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 328 (1813)
= Tulipa acutiflora DC. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa aurea Raf., Atlantic J.: 153 (1833)
= Tulipa aximensis Perr. & Songeon, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 435 (1894)
= Tulipa baldaccii Mattei, Malpighia 7: 56 (1893)
= Tulipa bicolor Raf., Atlantic J.: 153 (1833)
= Tulipa billietiana Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 5: 11 (1858)
= Tulipa bonarotiana Reboul, Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not.: 7 (1822)
= Tulipa campsopetala Delaunay ex Loisel., Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 172 (1829)
= Tulipa connivens Levier, Orig. Tul. Sav. Ital. 12 (1884)
= Tulipa cornuta Delile, P. J. Redouté, Liliac. 8: t. 445 (1815)
= Tulipa coronaria Salisb., Prod. 236 (1796)
= Tulipa didieri Jord., Obs. Pl. Crit. 1: 34 (1846)
= Tulipa didieri ssp. platystigma (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 724 (1882)
= Tulipa didieri var. billietiana (Jord.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa didieri var. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa didieri var. planifolia (Jord.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa elegans Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 286 (1874)
= Tulipa etrusca Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 262 (1884)
= Tulipa fransoniana Parl., Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 15 (1854)
= Tulipa fulgens Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 285 (1874)
= Tulipa grengiolensis Thommen, Bull. Murith. Soc. Valais. Sci. Nat. 63: 63 (1946)
= Tulipa hortensis Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 64 (1788)
= Tulipa laciniata Fisch. ex Bellerm., Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. Mag. 7: 67 (1816)
= Tulipa lurida Levier, Orig. Tulip. Sav. Ital.: 15 (1884)
= Tulipa lutea Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 185 (1896)
= Tulipa mauriana Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 1: 9 (1866)
= Tulipa mauriannensis Didier, Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Échange Pl. 1875: 43 (1875)
= Tulipa mauritiana Jord., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 5: 12 (1858)
= Tulipa media C.Agardh ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 379 (1829)
= Tulipa montisandrei J.Prudhomme, Monde Pl. 89: 22 (1994)
= Tulipa neglecta Reboul, Select. Sp. Tulip.: 7 (1838)
= Tulipa passeriniana Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 270 (1884)
= Tulipa perrieri Marj.
= Tulipa planifolia Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 5: 13 (1858)
= Tulipa platystigma Jord., P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 32 (1855)
= Tulipa pubescens Willd., Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 17 (1814)
= Tulipa repens Fisch. ex Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 4: t. 97 (1831)
= Tulipa retroflexa Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 282 (1874)
= Tulipa saracenica E.P.Perrier, Bull. Herb. Boissier, II, 5: 507 (1905)
= Tulipa scabriscapa Fox-Strangw., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990 (1837)
= Tulipa segusiana E.P.Perrier & Songeon, Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 435 (1894)
= Tulipa serotina Reboul, Select. Sp. Tulip.: 6 (1838)
= Tulipa sommieri Levier, Orig. Tulip. Sav. Ital.: 15 (1884)
= Tulipa spathulata Bertol., Fl. Ital. 4: 85, 86 (1839)
= Tulipa stenopetala Delaunay ex Loisel., Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 171 (1829)
= Tulipa strangulata Reboul, Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not.: 6 (1822)
= Tulipa stricta Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 239 (1812)
= Tulipa unguiculata Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1837)
= Tulipa variopicta Reboul, Select. Sp. Tulip.: 7 (1838)
species :
Tulipa goulimyi Sealy & Turrill; Kew Bull. 10: 59 (1955)
Distribution: S-Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa greigii Regel; Gartenfl. (1873) 290. t. 773
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa altaica var. karatavica Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(1): 439 (1868)
= Tulipa karatavica (Regel) Vved. ex Lipsch., Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, 30: 733 1931 (1932) (in obs.)
species :
Tulipa grey-wilsonii Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 165: 87 (1990)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa gumusanica Terzioglu; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 150 (2002)
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa harazensis Rech.fil.; Fl. Iranica 165: 91 (1990)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa heterophylla (Regel) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14(76): 295 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Eduardoregelia heterophylla (Regel) Popov, Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Almaat. Acad. Sc. No. 3 (1936)
= Orithyia heterophylla Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 440 (1868)
species :
Tulipa heweri L.W.D.von Raamsdonk; Nordic J. Bot., 18(1): 52 (1998)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa hissarica Popov & Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 149 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa hoogiana B.Fedtsch.; Gard. Chron. 48: 53 (1910)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Turkmenistan
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Tulipanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sovietica A.D.Hall, Gen. Tulipa, 120, 159 (1940)
species :
Tulipa humilis Herb.; Bot. Mag. 30: Misc. 30 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Northern Caucasus
33 NCS 34 IRN LEB TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones, Saxatiles
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa alpina J.Gay ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 289 (1874)
= Tulipa aucheriana Baker, Gard. Chron. 2: 168 (1883)
= Tulipa humilis var. aucheriana (Baker) Christenh., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(3): 314 (2013)
= Tulipa aucheriana ssp. westii Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 227 (1966)
= Tulipa humilis ssp. matinae Zojajifar & Sheidai, Iranian J. Bot. 9: 66 (2001)
= Tulipa pulchella (Fenzl ex Regel) Baker, J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 14: 289 (1875)
= Tulipa humilis var. pulchella (Fenzl ex Regel) Christenh., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(3): 314 (2013)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. pulchella Fenzl ex Regel, Enum.: 43
= Tulipa violacea Boiss. & Buhse, Aufz. Transk. Pers. 211 (1860)
= Tulipa humilis var. violacea (Boiss. & Buhse) Christenh., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(3): 314 (2013)
variant :
var. kurdica (Wendelbo) Christenh.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(3): 314 (2013)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa kurdica Agnew & Hadac ex Wendelbo, Bot. Notiser 127: 276, f. 1 (1974)
species :
Tulipa hungarica Borbás; Földmüv. Érdek. 10: 561 (1882), Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32
Distribution: Hungary; Romania; Serbia
11 HUN 13 ROM SRB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa hungarica var. undulatifolia Roman, Stud. Cerc. Biol., Bot., 23(6): 478 (1971)
= Tulipa hungarica ssp. undulatifolia (Roman) Roman & Beldie, Fl. Republ. Social. Român., 13: 52 (1976)
= Tulipa hungarica var. undulatifolia Roman, Fl. Veget. Sud. Podis. Mehed.: 90 (1974) (without latin descr. or type)
= Tulipa neilreichii Borbás, ex Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32 (1914) (in syn.)
= Tulipa orientalis Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 263 (1884)
= Tulipa rocheliana Janka, ex Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32 (1914) (in syn.)
species :
Tulipa iliensis Regel; Gartenflora 28: 162, pl. 975, f. e-d, 277, pl. 982, f. 4-6 (1879)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa ingens Hoog; Gard. Chron., II. 14 (1902)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa intermedia Tojibaev & J.de Groot; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 546 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
variant :
var. korolkowioides Tojibaev & J.de Groot; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 549 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa ivasczenkoae Epiktetov & Belyalov; Turczaninowia 16(3): 5 (2013)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa jacquesii Zonn.; Phytotaxa 218(2): 185 (2015)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Tulipa julia C.Koch; Linnaea 22: 225 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Tulipanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa montana var. julia (C.Koch) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 279 (1874)
species :
Tulipa kaghyzmanica Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 9: 13 (1908)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Tulipa karamanica Özhatay & Koçak; P. H. Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 324 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa kaufmanniana Regel; Gartenfl. (1877) 194, et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 5: 265 (1877)
subspecies :
subsp. kaufmanniana
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
subspecies :
subsp. tschimganica (Botschantz.) Tojibaev; Uzbeksk. Biol. Zhurn. 2010(3): 44 (2010)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: Spiranthera
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa tschimganica Botschantz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 10 (1961)
= Tulipa anadroma Botschantz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 7 (1961)
species :
Tulipa kolbintsevii Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. [2] (2012)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa kolpakovskiana Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 266 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Afghanistan (Baghlan); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 34 AFG 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aristata Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 506 (1879)
= Tulipa borszczowii Baker, Bot. Mag. t. 6635 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Tulipa kopetdaghensis B.Fedtsch. ex Czern.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS, 26: 256 (1927), Czern. inFedde, Repert. 27: 266 (1930)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Tulipa korolkowii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 295 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa nitida T.M.Hoog, Gard. Chron., I. 350 (1902)
= Tulipa korolkowii f. rosea (Vved.) Zonn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa rosea Vved., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 343 (1935)
species :
Tulipa korshinskyi Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 149 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa kosovarica Kit Tan, Shuka & Krasniqi; Phytotaxa 62: 2-3 (2012)
Distribution: SW-Kosovo; N-Albania
13 ALB KOS
species :
Tulipa koyuncui Eker & Babaç; Nordic J. Bot. 28(3): 325 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa krauseana Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 508 (1879)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa kuschkensis B.Fedtsch.; Engl. Jahrb. 50: Suppl., 612 (1914), nomen, B. Fedtsch. Rastit. Turkest. 242 (1915), in clavi, Sealy in Bot. Mag. t. 9370 (1934), descr.
Distribution: Turkmenistan; NE-Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Samangan)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Tulipanum
species :
Tulipa lanata Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: (1884) 647. t. 4
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kabul, Parwan); NW-India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I])
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 ind
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa lehmanniana Merckl.; A. Bunge, Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 337 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kandahar, Zabul); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa zenaidae Vved., Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 150 (1935)
species :
Tulipa lemmersii Zonn., Peterse & J.de Groot; Pl. Syst. Evol. 298(1): 91 (2012)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa libanotica Regel; Gartenflora 37: 126 (1888)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
species :
Tulipa linifolia Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 648 (1884)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul, Parwan, Takhar)
32 TZK 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa batalinii Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 688 (1889)
form :
f. chrysantha (Boiss.) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 38 (1995)
Distribution: N-Iran; NW-India; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa chrysantha Boiss. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 279 (1874)
= Tulipa lehmanniana Bunge, Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 513 (1851)
= Tulipa montana var. chrysantha (Boiss.) Wendelbo ex Rech.fil., Fl. Iran., 165: 90 (1990)
= Tulipa undulata Jacquem. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 279 (1874)
species :
Tulipa lownei Baker; J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 14: 294 (1874)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa lownei var. haynei Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 295 (1874)
species :
Tulipa luanica Millaku; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(5-6): 316 (2015)
Distribution: Kosovo
13 KOS
species :
Tulipa maximowiczii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: (1889) 687, et in Gartenfl. 38: (1889) 505 t. 1307, fig. 1
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Herat, Samangan)
32 TZK 34 AFG
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa mogoltavica Popov & Vved. ex Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 335 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa mongolica Y.Z.Zhao; Novon 13: 277 (2003)
Distribution: N-China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Tulipa montana Lindl.; Bot. Reg. 13: t. 1106 (1827)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa giselae Bornm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 78 (1939)
species :
Tulipa narcissicum N.Y.Stepanova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(10): 1121 (2014)
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Tulipa neustruevae Pobed.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 11: 62 (1949)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa paradasystemon Vved., V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 362 (1935), nom. inval.
species :
Tulipa oreophila Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 165: 86 (1990)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa orithyioides Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 150 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa orphanidea Boiss. & Heldr.; Gartenfl. 11: 309 (1862)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Tulipa orthopoda Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 2: 320 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa ostrowskiana Regel; Gartenfl. 34 (1884)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa tetraphylla ssp. ostrowskiana (Regel) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 39 (1995)
species :
Tulipa patens C.Agardh ex Schult.fil.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7: 384 (1829)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; European Russia (E-European Russia, S-European Russia); Siberia (W-Siberia)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Eriostemones, sylvestris agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa browniana Hort. ex Vilm., Fl. Pl. Terre, ed. III. 1172 (1870)
= Tulipa samarica Klokov & Zoz, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 65 (1936)
= Tulipa sibirica Patrin ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 226 (1843)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. tricolor Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
= Tulipa tricolor Ledeb., Ic. Pl. Fl. Ross. 2: 13. t. 135 (1830)
species :
Tulipa persica (Lindl.) Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 536 (1830)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Iran
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa eichleri Regel, Gartenfl. 193 (1874)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. persica Lindl., Bot. Reg. 14: t. 1143 (1828)
species :
Tulipa platystemon Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 150 (1935)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa praecox Ten.; Fl. Nap. 1: 170, t. 32 (1811)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); ?Corsica [I]; France [I]; Greece [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia [I]
12 fra 13 cro grc ita 34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa apula Guss. ex Ten., Fl. Neap. Syll. App. 5: 12 (1826)
= Tulipa foxiana Reboul, Select. Sp. Tulip. 2 (1838)
= Tulipa hexagonata Borbás, Cf. Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 33: 202 (1883)
= Tulipa marjolletii E.P.Perrier & Songeon, Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 432 (1894)
= Tulipa raddii Reboul, Nonnull. Sp. Tulip. 5 (1822)
= Tulipa strangwaysiana Reboul ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 281 (1874)
species :
Tulipa praestans Hoog; Gard. Chron., III, 33: 325 (1903)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa prolongata Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 2: 319 (1971)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Tulipa regelii Krasn.; Script. Univ. Petrop. 2: 1887 21 (1888)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Lophophyllon
species :
Tulipa saxatilis Siebold ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 63 (1825)
Name: Felsen-Tulpe (DE); Cretan Tulip (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Italy [I]; Turkey (SW-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; Rhodos
13 ita KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa bakeri A.D.Hall, Jour. Bot. (London) 76: 316 (1938)
= Tulipa beccariana Bicchi, Descr. Nuov. Sp. Tulip.: 2 (1860)
= Tulipa chrysobasis Coustur. & Gand., Bull. Soc. Duffour 1914: 38 (1914)
= Tulipa saxatilis ssp. bakeri (A.D.Hall) Zonn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa saxatilis var. bakeri (A.D.Hall) D.Dubovik, Fl. Belarusi 3: 61 (2017)
species :
Tulipa scharipovii Tojibaev; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 41(2): 1063 (2009)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa schmidtii Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 47 (1909)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Azerbaijan (Talysh)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones, gesnerana agg.
species :
Tulipa serbica Tatic & Krivosej; Bocconea 5(2): 733 (1997)
Distribution: Serbia
13 SRB
species :
Tulipa sinkiangensis Z.M.Mao; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 282-283, pl. 9 (1980)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Tulipa sintenisii Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 9: 330 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa sogdiana Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 7: 514 (1854)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Iran (EC-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Herat)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones, Biflores
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa androssovii Litv., Spisok Rast. Gerb. Russk. Fl. Bot. Muz. Rossiisk. Akad. Nauk 6: 114 (1908)
= Tulipa bucharica Merckl. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 193 (1882)
species :
Tulipa sosnowskyi Achv. & Mirzoeva; Trans. Bot. Inst. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR, 7: 31 (1950)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa sprengeri Baker; Gard. Chron. (1894) 1: 716, et in Gartenfl. 44: (1895) 57, t. 1411
Distribution: +NW-Turkey (Amasya)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: surviving only in cultivation
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa brachyanthera Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 187 (1896)
species :
Tulipa stellata Hook.; Bot. Mag. t. 2762 (1827)
Distribution: NW-India (Kumaon, Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Swat)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriactis albiflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 97 (1836)
= Tulipa clusiana f. stellata (Hook.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb, Candollea, 40(1): 165 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha Sealy, Bot. Mag. 165: t. 13 (1948)
= Tulipa clusiana var. stellata (Hook.fil.) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 54 (1873)
= Tulipa leichtlinii Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 366 (1887)
species :
Tulipa stylosa Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 17 (1885)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (Jazira, Jbel Druze)
20 EGY 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa carrieri Spreng., Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
= Tulipa cuspidata Stapf, Denkschr. Akad. Wien, 50: (1885) 17 (non Regel)
= Tulipa levieri Sprenger, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
= Tulipa montana var. amblyophylla Post, Pl. Post. 1: 13 (1890)
= Tulipa stapfii Turrill, Bot. Mag. 157: t. 9356 (1934)
= Tulipa straussii Bornm., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F. 29: 43 (1912)
= Tulipa sultanabadensis Spreng., Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
species :
Tulipa suaveolens Roth; Usteri, Ann. Bot. 10: 44 (1794)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Turkey (Anatolia); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa hortulanorum Wender., Allg. Gartenzeitung 6: 71 (1838)
= Tulipa odoratissima Vis., Orto Bot. Padova: 149 (1842)
= Tulipa schrenkii Regel, Acta Horti Petrop. 2: 452 (1873)
= Tulipa turcarum Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 271 (1884)
= Tulipa volgensis M.Bieb. ex Eichw., Pl. Nov.: 2 (1831)
species :
Tulipa subbiflora Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 2: 320 (1971)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Tulipa subpraestans Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 334 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa subquinquefolia Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 245 (1946)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Tulipanum
species :
Tulipa sylvestris L.; Sp. Pl. 305 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sylvestris
Name: Wildtulpe
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Sardinia; NE-Spain; Algeria [I]; Denmark [I]; England [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Austria [I]; Belgium [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Germany [I]; Netherlands [I]; Poland [I]; Lithuania [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]
10 den grb nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger net pol 12 SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 14 est lat lit 20 alg
Remarks: sylvestris agg., Eriostemones, Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Lilium bononiense E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 1: 91 (1906)
= Liriopogon sylvestre (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Tulipa abatinoi Borzì & Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo, 11: 241 (1912)
= Tulipa balcanica Velen., Abh. Boehm. Ges. Wiss., n. 37. (1893) 65 (1892)
= Tulipa florentina Hort. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 290 (1874)
= Tulipa gallica Delaunay ex Loisel., Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 160 (1829)
= Tulipa grisebachiana Pant., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 23: 265 (1873)
= Tulipa grisebachii Borbás, Österr. Bot. Z. 33: 202 (1883)
= Tulipa marshalliana Andrz. ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 290 (1874)
= Tulipa sylvestris ssp. balcanica (Velen.) Hayek
= Tulipa sylvestris ssp. grandiflora (Hy) Hayek
= Tulipa sylvestris var. gallica (Delaunay ex Loisel.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 80 (2001), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Tulipa turcica Roth, Catalect. fasc. 1: 45 (1797)
subspecies :
subsp. australis (Link) Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 114 (1914)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; France; Greece; Switzerland; Andorra; Spain; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Romania; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia); Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Sardinia; Sicily; Austria [I]; Belgium [I]; England [I]; Denmark [I]; Germany [I]; Netherlands [I]; Norway [I]; Poland [I]; Sweden [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 den grb nor swe 11 aut bgm ger net pol SWI 12 ADO FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 30 SIB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriopogon celsianum (DC.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Tulipa abatinoi var. aurea Borzì & Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 11: 242 (1913)
= Tulipa acrocarpa Jord. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 293 (1874)
= Tulipa alpestris Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 120 (1868)
= Tulipa australis Link, Schrad. Journ. 2: 317 (1799)
= Tulipa australis ssp. celsiana (DC.) Hayek
= Tulipa australis ssp. grisebachiana (Pant.) Hayek
= Tulipa australis var. montana (Kunze) Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 104 (1884)
= Tulipa biebersteiniana var. aurantiaca Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 291 (1874)
= Tulipa breyniana Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. t. 717 (1804)
= Tulipa caucasica Orsini ex Nyman, Consp. 723 (1882)
= Tulipa celsiana DC., Redouté, Lil. t. 38 (1803)
= Tulipa celsiana var. fragrans (Munby) Batt. & Trab., J. A. Battandier & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 167 (1884)
= Tulipa celsiana var. montana Kunze, Flora 29: 637 (1846)
= Tulipa fragrans Munby, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 13: 256 (1866)
= Tulipa fragrans var. montana (Kunze) T.Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 408 (1894)
= Tulipa maculata Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 289 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa maculata Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 196 (1821)
= Tulipa paschalis Sennen, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 70: 63 (1923 publ. 1924)
= Tulipa pumila Moench, Methodus: 301 (1794)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. aurea (Borzì & Mattei) Pamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. fragrans (Munby) Pamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. montana (Kunze) Pamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. scappuccii Pamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 80 (2001)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. celsiana (DC.) Levier, Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 104 (1884)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. mauritii Valdés, Lagascalia 18: 326 (1996)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. mediterranea Pamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 115 (1914)
= Tulipa tchitounyi Azn., Magyar Bot. Lap., 16: 34 (1917) (1918)
= Tulipa thirkeana C.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 226 (1849)
= Tulipa transtagana Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 519 (1804)
= Tulipa tricolor Becker ex Nyman, Consp. 723 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. cuspidata (Regel) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afr. Nord 5: 104 (1958)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa cuspidata Regel, Gartenflora 33: 66 (1884)
= Tulipa elwesii Regel, Gartenflora 33: t. 1147 (1884)
subspecies :
subsp. primulina (Baker) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afr. Nord 5: 103 (1958)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa primulina Baker, Gard. Chron. (1882) II. 8
= Tulipa sylvestris var. primulina (Baker) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 29: 454 (1938)
species :
Tulipa talassica Lazkov; Turczaninowia 14(3): 11 (2011)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Tulipa talijevii Klokov & Zoz; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov, ed. Med., 1: 66 (1936)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa tarbagataica D.Y.Tan & X.Wei; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(3): 302 (2000)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Tulipa tarda Stapf; Bot. Mag. t. 9321 (1933)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa urumiensis var. tarda (Stapf) D.Dubovik, Fl. Belarusi 3: 63 (2017)
species :
Tulipa tetraphylla Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 296 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa behmiana Regel, Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 505 (1879)
= Tulipa corynestemon A.D.Hall, Gen. Tulipa: 138 (1940)
= Tulipa kesselringii Regel, Gartenflora 26: 34 (1877)
species :
Tulipa tianschanica Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 504 (1880)
Distribution: China (NW-Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa tianschanica var. sailimuensis X.Wei & D.Y.Tan, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 38(3): 304 (2000)
species :
Tulipa tubergeniana Hort.; ex Gard. Chron., I. 358 (1904)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Tulipanum
species :
Tulipa turcomanica B.Fedtsch.; B. Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 306 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Remarks: Eriostemones, Biflores
species :
Tulipa turgaica Perezhogin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 98(12): 1561 (2013), et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 145 (2014)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa turkestanica (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 296 (1875)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sylvestris var. turkestanica Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 443 (1873)
species :
Tulipa turkomanica B.Fedtsch.; Fl. Turkmen. 2: 306 (1932)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Turkmenistan
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Tulipa ulophylla Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot. 14: 99, ff. 4-6 (1967)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa undulatifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(5): 57 (1844)
Distribution: Greece; Macedonia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey
13 GRC NMA TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa boeotica Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4). 99 (1859)
= Tulipa euanthiae Orph., P. E. Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 100 (1859)
= Tulipa scardica Bornm., Fedde, Repert. 19: 199 (1923)
= Tulipa strangulata Heldr. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 286 (1874)
variant :
var. micheliana (Hoog) Wilford; Curtis´s Bot. Mag. 30(1): 63 (2013)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa eichleri var. micheliana (Hoog) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 40 (1995)
= Tulipa greigii Boiss., Fl. 5: 196 (1882) (p. p.)
= Tulipa micheliana Hoog, Gard. Chron., I. 350 (1902)
species :
Tulipa uniflora (L.) Besser ex Baker; Journ. L. Soc. 14: 295 (1874)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Orithyia
Synonyms: hidden
= Gagea uniflora (L.) Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. 7: 553 (1829)
= Orithyia nutans Trautv., Pl. Imag. 15. t. 10 (1844)
= Orithyia oxypetala D.Don, Sweet, Brit. Flow. Gard. Ser. II. sub t. 336 (1835)
= Orithyia uniflora (L.) D.Don, Brit. Fl. Gard. 2: pl. 336 (1836)
= Ornithogalum oxypetalum Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 2: 27 (1830)
= Ornithogalum uniflorum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 62 (1767)
= Tulipa heteropetala Ledeb., Icon. Pl. 1: 21, t. 85 (1829)
species :
Tulipa urumiensis Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9288 (1930)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones, Australes
species :
Tulipa urumoffii Hayek; Verh. Zool. -Bot. Ges. Wien 61: (110) (1911)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria (E- & C-Rodopi)
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aureolina Delip., Feddes Repert., 87(1-2): 1 (1976)
= Tulipa hungarica ssp. rhodopea (Velen.) Raamsd., Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 42 (1995)
= Tulipa hungarica var. urumoffii (Hayek) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 69 (1933)
= Tulipa orientalis var. rhodopea Velen., Sitz. Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 40: 8 (1899)
= Tulipa orientalis var. urumoffii (Hayek) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulg. 1: 240 (1924)
= Tulipa rhodopea (Velen.) Velen., Rel. Mrkvickanae, 28 (1922) (nomen)
species :
Tulipa uzbekistanica Botschantz. & Sharipov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 8: 109 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
species :
Tulipa victoris Vved. ex Botschantz.
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa vvedenskyi Botschantz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 14: 3 (1954)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Tulipa wendelboi Matin & Iranshahr; Iranian J. Bot., 7(2): 228 (1998)
Distribution: NW-Iran
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa wilsoniana Hoog; Gard. Chron., II. 50 (1902)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Tulipa zonneveldii J.de Groot & Tojibaev; Int. Rock Gard. 93: [20] (2017)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)