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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

124.0000 Family Liliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 48 (1789), nom. cons.
16-17 genera, ca. 800 spp.
Species listed in database: 779; hybrids: 14
= Calochortaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 53 (1829)
= Compsoaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
= Erythroniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 238 (1820)
= Fritillariaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 56 (1866)
= Liriaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 374 (1797)
= Medeolaceae Takht.; Sist. Magnoliof. (Syst. Magnolioph.): 291 (1987)
= Paridaceae Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 131 (1827)
= Scoliopaceae Takht.; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 81(2): 86 (1996)
= Tricyrtidaceae Takht.; Divers. Classif. Fl. Pl.: 482 (1997), nom. cons.
= Tulipaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 2: 391 (1797)
124.5103 Genus Tulipa L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 305 (1753)
Distribution: Asia Minor, many C-Asia, few Europe and North Africa. There is a considerable chaos in the delimitation of the various names, especially in the cultivated species. There are probably still too many species in C-Asia described
Species listed in database: 96; hybrids: 1
= Eduardoregelia Popov; Index Seminum (AA, Almaatensis) 3: 9 (1936)
= Liriactis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 97 (1837)
= Liriopogon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1837)
= Orithyia D.Don; Sw., Brit. Fl. Gard. 7: t. 336 (1836)
= Podonix Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 28 (1838)
species :
Tulipa agenensis Redouté; Liliac. 1: add. & corr. (1804)
Distribution: France [I]; ?Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia [I]; Greece [I]; European Turkey; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran; Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 fra 13 cro grc ita TUE 20 alg mor tun 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa acutiflora Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 8: 134 (1808), pro syn.
= Tulipa agenensis subsp. boissieri (Regel) Feinbrun
= Tulipa agenensis subsp. sharonensis (Dinsm.) Feinbrun; Fl. Palaestina 4: 41 (1986)
= Tulipa aleppica Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 278 (1874), pro syn.
= Tulipa apula Guss. ex Ten.; Fl. Neap. Syll. App. 5: 12 (1826)
= Tulipa aximensis E.P.Perrier & Songeon; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 435 (1894)
= Tulipa boissieri Regel; Gartenflora 22: 296 (1873)
= Tulipa dammanii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 688 (1889)
= Tulipa foxiana Reboul; Select. Sp. Tulip.: 2 (1838)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. foxii (Reboul) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 140(15) (1831)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. raddii (Reboul) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 140(15) (1831)
= Tulipa heliophthalma St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 70 (1880)
= Tulipa hexagonata Borbás; Cf. Oesterr. Bot. Z. 33: 202 (1883)
= Tulipa libanotica Regel; Gartenflora 37: 126 (1888)
= Tulipa lortetii Jord.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 5: 9 (1858)
= Tulipa maleolens Reboul; Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not., App.: 1 (1823)
= Tulipa maleolens subsp. martelliana (Levier) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 303 (1890)
= Tulipa martelliana Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 245 (1884)
= Tulipa oculus-solis subsp. lortetii (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 303 (1890)
= Tulipa oculus-solis St.-Amans; Rec. Soc. Agr. Sci. Agen. 1: 75 (1804) (nom. nud.)
= Tulipa oculus-solis St.-Amans ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 200 (1805)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. lortetii (Jord.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. maleolens (Reboul) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 446 (1873)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. praecox Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 447 (1873)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. strangwaysii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 447 (1873)
= Tulipa planifolia proles aximensis (E.P.Perrier & Songeon) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 396 (1910)
= Tulipa planifolia var. aximensis (E.P.Perrier & Songeon) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 165 (1935)
= Tulipa praecox proles lortetii (Jord.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 394 (1910)
= Tulipa praecox subsp. foxiana (Reboul) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa praecox subsp. lortetii (Jord.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa praecox subsp. raddii (Reboul) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa praecox Ten.; Fl. Nap. 1: 170, t. 32 (1811)
= Tulipa praecox var. foxiana (Reboul) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 53 (1884), nom. superfl.
= Tulipa praecox var. foxii Reboul; Antologia 28: 291 (1827)
= Tulipa praecox var. hexagonata (Borbás) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 54 (1884)
= Tulipa praecox var. lortetii (Jord.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 65 (1929)
= Tulipa praecox var. raddii (Reboul) Reboul; Antologia 28: 291 (1827)
= Tulipa raddii Reboul; Nonnull. Sp. Tulip. 5 (1822)
= Tulipa sharonensis Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2: 621 (1933)
= Tulipa strangwaysiana Reboul ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 281 (1874), pro syn.
= Tulipa veneris A.D.Hall; J. Bot. 76: 317 (1939)
species :
Tulipa akamasica Christodoulou, Hand & Charalamb.; Fl. Medit. 24: 208 (2014)
Distribution: Cyprus (Akamas peninsula)
34 CYP
Conservation Status: highly threatened, only about 200 plants known
species :
Tulipa albanica Kit Tan & Shuka; Phytotaxa 10: 19 (2010)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
species :
Tulipa alberti Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 264 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa aleppensis Boiss. ex Regel; Gartenfl. (1873) 296, et Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 450 (1873)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. aleppica Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
= Tulipa sintenisii Baker; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 9: 330 (1891)
species :
Tulipa altaica Pall. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 63 (1825)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; China (NW-Xinjiang)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa gesneriana var. lutea Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(I): 438 (1868)
= Tulipa tarbagataica D.Y.Tan & X.Wei; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 302 (2000)
species :
Tulipa anisophylla Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 147. (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa kolpakowskiana var. humilis Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 651 (1884)
= Tulipa korshinskyi Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 149 (1935)
species :
Tulipa annae J.de Groot & Zonn.; Int. Rock Gard. 122: 10 (2020)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa armena Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2,4: 99 (1859)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa armena f. galatica (Freyn) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 195: 41 (1995)
= Tulipa armena var. galatica (Freyn) Eker; Güner et al., Türk. Bitkileri List.: 610 (2012)
= Tulipa confusa Gabrieljan; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1966: 38 (1966), pro syn.
= Tulipa faribae Ghahr., Attar & Ghahrem.-Nejad; Novon 17: 437 (2007)
= Tulipa galatica Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 186 (1896)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. minor Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 194 (1884)
= Tulipa gumusanica Terzioglu; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 150 (2002)
= Tulipa karabachensis Grossh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. (Baku) 2: 249 (1936)
= Tulipa lutea Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 185 (1896)
= Tulipa mucronata Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 9: 13 (1908)
= Tulipa willmottiae Freyn; Mém. Herb. Boissier 13: 29 (1900)
species :
Tulipa auliekolica Perezhogin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 98(12): 1558 (2013), et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 145 (2014)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa bactriana J.de Groot & Tojibaev; Int. Rock Gard. 131: 7, photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa banuensis Grey-Wilson; Kew Bull. 29(1): 76 (1974)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan)
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa biflora Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 727 (1776)
Distribution: Macedonia; European Russia (E-European Russia); Crimea; Egypt (Eastern Desert); Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan, Talysh); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan
13 NMA 14 KRY RUS 20 EGY 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Eriostemones, Biflores
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriopogon biflorum (Pall.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Orithyia biflora (Pall.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 227 (1843)
= Podonix albiflora Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 28 (1836)
= Tulipa androssowii Litv.; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Russk. Fl. Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 6: 114 (1908)
= Tulipa biflora var. buhseana (Boiss.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 444 (1873)
= Tulipa biflora var. grandiflora Grossh.; Exsicc. (Pl. Orient.) 1928: no. 353 (1928)
= Tulipa biflora var. major Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 200 (1882)
= Tulipa binutans Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Inst. Bot. Zool. Akad. Nauk Uzbeksk. S.S.R. 13: 33 (1952)
= Tulipa bucharica Merckl. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 193 (1882)
= Tulipa buhseana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 98 (1859)
= Tulipa crispatula Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 211 (1860)
= Tulipa halophila Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 77 (1939) (in obs.)
= Tulipa humilis var. crispatula (Boiss. & Buhse) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 200 (1882)
= Tulipa humilis var. ornata Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 77 (1939)
= Tulipa koktebelica Junge; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 16: 112 (1916)
= Tulipa mariannae Lindtner; Glasn. Skopsk. Naucn. Drustva 20: 137 (1939)
= Tulipa polychroma Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 18 (1885)
= Tulipa prolongata Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 319 (1971)
= Tulipa sogdiana Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 7: 514 (1854)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. biflora (Pall.) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
= Tulipa turcomanica B.Fedtsch.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 306 (1932)
species :
Tulipa bifloriformis Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 358 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa orthopoda Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 320 (1971)
species :
Tulipa boettgeri Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 366 (1887)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Tulipa borszczowii Regel; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41: I. 438 (1868)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aurata Litv.; Izv. Turkestansk. Otd. Russk. Geogr. Obshch., ser. 4, 5: 35 (1905)
= Tulipa glaucophylla Fisch. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 448 (1873)
species :
Tulipa botschantzevae S.N.Abramova & Zakal.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 104 (1973)
Distribution: Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag); NE-Iran
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Tulipa brinkii J.de Groot & Zonn.; Int. Rock Gard. 149: 93, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: NE-Iran (Kuh-e-Aladag)
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa butkovii Botschantz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Inst. Bot. Zool. Akad. Nauk Uzbeksk. S.S.R. 16: 8 (1961)
Distribution: Uzbekistan (Chatkal Range)
32 UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa carinata Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 332 (1935), et Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 318 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Herat, Takhar)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa cinnabarina K.Perss.; New Plantsman 7(4): 200 (2000)
subspecies :
subsp. cinnabarina
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa karamanica Özhatay & Koçak; Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 324 (2000 publ. 2001)
subspecies :
subsp. toprakii Yildirim & Eker; PhytoKeys 69: 66 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa clusiana Redouté; Liliac. 1: t. 37 (1803)
Name: Lady Tulip (EN); Damen-Tulpe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Tunisia [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (Chios [I]); Turkey (W-Anatolia [I]); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Zabul); Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Swat, Chitral, Waziristan); NW-India (Kumaon, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger 12 fra 13 ita 20 tun 34 AFG eai IRN TUR 40 IND PAK 76 usa
Remarks: Eriostemones, Clusianae
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriactis albiflora Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 97 (1836)
= Tulipa aitchisonii A.D.Hall; J. Bot., Lond. 76: 313, 368 (1938)
= Tulipa aitchisonii subsp. cashmiriana A.D.Hall; J. Bot. 76: 315 (1938)
= Tulipa aitchisonii var. clusianoides Wendelbo; Koie & Reching., Symb. Afghan. 4: 162 (1968)
= Tulipa chitralensis A.D.Hall; Gen. Tulipa: 85 (1940)
= Tulipa clusiana f. cashmeriana (A.D.Hall) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 37 (1995)
= Tulipa clusiana f. clusianoides (Wendelbo) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb; Candollea 40(1): 169 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. diniae Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 36 (1995)
= Tulipa clusiana f. fernandezii (Blatt.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb; Candollea 40(1): 169 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. porphyreochrysantha (Blatt.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb; Candollea 40(1): 168 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. stellata (Hook.) S.Dasgupta & D.B.Deb; Candollea 40(1): 165 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana f. stellata (Hook.) S.Dasgupta & Deb; Candollea 40: 165 (1985)
= Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha (A.D.Hall) Sealy; Bot. Mag. 165: t. 13 (1948)
= Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha Sealy; Bot. Mag. 165: t. 13 (1948)
= Tulipa clusiana var. rubroalba (Brot.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 724 (1882)
= Tulipa clusiana var. stellata (Hook.f.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 54 (1873)
= Tulipa clusiana var. stellata (Hook.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 54 (1873)
= Tulipa fernandezii Blatt.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37: 420 (1934)
= Tulipa grey-wilsonii Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 165: 87 (1990)
= Tulipa hafisii Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 77 (1939)
= Tulipa hispanica Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 380 (1829)
= Tulipa leichtlinii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 366 (1887)
= Tulipa oreophila Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 165: 86 (1990)
= Tulipa porphyreochrysantha Blatt.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37: 421 (1934)
= Tulipa praecox Cav.; Descr. Pl.: 448 (1802), nom. rej.
= Tulipa rubroalba Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 520 (1804)
= Tulipa stellata Hook.; Bot. Mag, t. 2762 (1827)
= Tulipa stellata var. chrysantha A.D.Hall; Gen. Tulipa: 85 (1940)
= Tulipa undulata Jacquem. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 279 (1874), pro syn.
species :
Tulipa cretica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(13): 19 (1853)
Name: Kretische Tulpe (DE), Cretan Tulip (EN)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sylvestris var. cretica (Boiss. & Heldr.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 443 (1873)
species :
Tulipa cypria Stapf ex Turrill; Bot. Mag. 157: t. 9363 (1934)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Tulipa dasystemon (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 507 (1880)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (W-Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 40 PAK
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Orithyia dasystemon Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 261 (1877)
= Tulipa dasystemonoides Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 147 (1935)
= Tulipa neustruevae Pobed.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 11: 62 (1949)
= Tulipa paradasystemon Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 362 (1935), not validly publ.
species :
Tulipa dianaeverettiae J.de Groot & Zonn.; Int. Rock Gard. 122: 7, photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa dubia Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 148 (1935)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
species :
Tulipa ferganica Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 148 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa altaica var. ferganica (Vved.) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 39 (1995)
species :
Tulipa foliosa Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wien 50: 80 (1885)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, C-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa armena var. lycica (Baker) Marais; Kew Bull. 35(2): 258 (1980)
= Tulipa ciliatula Baker; Gard. Chron. (1890) 1: 640, fig. 106
= Tulipa concinna Baker; Gard. Chron. (1893) 1: 538
= Tulipa heterochroa Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 184 (1896)
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. lycica Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 278 (1874)
species :
Tulipa fosteriana Irving; Gard. Chron., III 39: 322 (1906)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Kabul)
32 KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa affinis Botschantz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 6 (1961)
= Tulipa victoris Vved.; Trudy Tashk. Univ, Bot. 187: 61 (1961), not validly publ.
species :
Tulipa gesneriana L.; Sp. Pl. 306 (1753)
Name: Garten-Tulpe (DE), Garden Tulip (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy [I]; European Russia [I]; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Northern Caucasus [I]; Turkey (Anatolia); South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Ohio [I])
11 ger hun swi 12 cis fra 13 ita 14 rus 30 sib 33 ncs 34 TUR 38 kor tai 75 usa
Remarks: gesnerana agg., Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa acuminata Vahl ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 328 (1813)
= Tulipa acutiflora DC. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa baldaccii Mattei; Malpighia 7: 56 (1893)
= Tulipa bicolor Raf.; Atlantic J.: 153 (1833)
= Tulipa billietiana Jord.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 5: 11 (1858)
= Tulipa bonarotiana Reboul; Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not.: 7 (1822)
= Tulipa campsopetala Delaun. ex Loisel.; Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 172 (1829)
= Tulipa connivens Levier; Orig. Tul. Sav. Ital. 12 (1884)
= Tulipa connivens subsp. luteoguttata (Levier) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa connivens subsp. obtusata (Levier) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa connivens var. luteoguttata Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 65 (1884)
= Tulipa connivens var. obtusata Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 65 (1884)
= Tulipa cornuta Redouté; Liliac. 8: t. 445 (1815)
= Tulipa coronaria Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 236 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Tulipa didieri Jord.; Obs. Pl. Crit. 1: 34 (1846)
= Tulipa didieri subsp. billietiana (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 303 (1890)
= Tulipa didieri subsp. flavicans (Levier) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 214 (1890)
= Tulipa didieri subsp. platystigma (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 724 (1882)
= Tulipa didieri var. billietiana (Jord.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa didieri var. flavicans Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 63 (1884)
= Tulipa didieri var. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa didieri var. planifolia (Jord.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 283 (1874)
= Tulipa elegans Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 286 (1874)
= Tulipa etrusca Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 262 (1884)
= Tulipa fransoniana Parl.; Nuov. Gen. e Spec. 15 (1854)
= Tulipa fransoniana subsp. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 303 (1890)
= Tulipa fulgens Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 285 (1874)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. albomarginata Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1896(Flowerroots): 14 (1896)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. albo-oculta Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1896(Flowerroots): 14 (1896)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. dracontia Redouté; Liliac. 8: t. 478 (1816)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. rosea Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1896(Flowerroots): 14 (1896)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. rosea-striata Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1896(Flowerroots): 14 (1896)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. spathulata (Bertol.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 302 (1890)
= Tulipa grengiolensis Thommen; Bull. Murith. Soc. Valais. Sci. Nat. 63: 63 (1946)
= Tulipa hortensis Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 64 (1788)
= Tulipa laciniata Fisch. ex Bellerm.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 7: 67 (1816)
= Tulipa lurida Levier; Orig. Tulip. Sav. Ital.: 15 (1884)
= Tulipa macrospeila Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 20: 11 (1883)
= Tulipa marjolletii E.P.Perrier & Songeon; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 432 (1894)
= Tulipa mauriana Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 1: 9 (1866)
= Tulipa mauriannensis Didier; Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Échange Pl. 1875: 43 (1875)
= Tulipa mauritiana Jord. & Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 5: 12 (1858)
= Tulipa media C.Agardh ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 379 (1829)
= Tulipa montana Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 153 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa montisandrei J.Prudhomme; Monde Pl. 89: 22 (1994)
= Tulipa neglecta (Reboul) Reboul; Select. Sp. Tulip.: 7 (1838)
= Tulipa neglecta subsp. atroguttata (Levier) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 215 (1890)
= Tulipa neglecta var. atroguttata Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 80 (1884)
= Tulipa norvegica Lieser; Iris et Bulbeuses 161: 66 (2011)
= Tulipa passeriniana Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 270 (1884)
= Tulipa perrieri Marj. ex P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 165 (1935), nom. superfl.
= Tulipa planifolia Jord.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 5: 13 (1858)
= Tulipa planifolia var. saracenica (E.P.Perrier) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 165 (1935)
= Tulipa platystigma Jord.; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 32 (1855)
= Tulipa praecox subsp. didieri (Jord.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 294 (1894)
= Tulipa praecox var. billietiana (Jord.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 65 (1929)
= Tulipa praecox var. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 65 (1929)
= Tulipa praecox var. planifolia (Jord.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 65 (1929)
= Tulipa praecox var. platystigma (Jord.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 6 (1929)
= Tulipa pubescens Willd.; Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 17 (1814)
= Tulipa repens Fisch. ex Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. 4: t. 97 (1831)
= Tulipa retroflexa Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 282 (1874)
= Tulipa rubidusa Lieser; Iris et Bulbeuses 158: 18 (2008)
= Tulipa saracenica E.P.Perrier; Bull. Herb. Boissier, II 5: 507 (1905)
= Tulipa scabriscapa Fox-Strangw.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990 (1837)
= Tulipa scabriscapa subvar. variopicta (Reboul) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 723 (1882)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Fox-Strangw.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990 (1837)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. hawardeniana Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 86 (1839)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. mixta Fox-Strangw.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990 (1837)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. neglecta (Reboul) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 723 (1882)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. primulina Fox-Strangw.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990, f. 4 (1837)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. rebouliana Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 86 (1839)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. sommieri (Levier) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 302 (1890)
= Tulipa scabriscapa var. strangulata (Reboul) Fox-Strangw.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 23: t. 1990, f. 3 (1837)
= Tulipa sedunii Lieser; Iris et Bulbeuses 158: 19 (2008)
= Tulipa segusiana E.P.Perrier & Songeon; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 435 (1894)
= Tulipa serotina Reboul; Select. Sp. Tulip.: 6 (1838)
= Tulipa serotina var. etrusca (Levier) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 302 (1890)
= Tulipa sommieri Levier; Orig. Tulip. Sav. Ital.: 15 (1884)
= Tulipa spathulata Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 4: 85, 86 (1839)
= Tulipa stenopetala Delaun. ex Loisel.; Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 171 (1829)
= Tulipa strangulata Reboul; Nonnul. Sp. Tulip. Not.: 6 (1822)
= Tulipa strangulata subsp. bonarotiana (Reboul) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 216 (1890)
= Tulipa strangulata subsp. obtusa (Levier) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 215 (1890)
= Tulipa strangulata subsp. variopicta (Reboul) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 215 (1890)
= Tulipa strangulata var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Reboul; Antologia 28: 292 (1827)
= Tulipa strangulata var. neglecta Reboul; Antologia 28: 292 (1827)
= Tulipa strangulata var. obtusata Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 84 (1884)
= Tulipa strangulata var. princeps Reboul; Antologia 28: 292 (1827), not validly publ.
= Tulipa strangulata var. variopicta (Reboul) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 84 (1884)
= Tulipa stricta Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 239 (1812)
= Tulipa suaveolens var. passeriniana (Levier) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 302 (1890)
= Tulipa turcica var. media (C.Agardh ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 457 (1873)
= Tulipa unguiculata Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1837)
= Tulipa variopicta Reboul; Select. Sp. Tulip.: 7 (1838)
= Tulipa viridiflora Anon.; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 32: 514 (1887)
= Tulipa vitellina Anon.; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 36: 531 (1889)
species :
Tulipa goulimyi Sealy & Turrill; Kew Bull. 10: 59 (1955)
Distribution: S-Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Eriostemones. Often included in T. orphanidea
species :
Tulipa greigii Regel; Gartenfl. (1873) 290, t. 773
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa altaica var. karatavica Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(1): 439 (1868)
= Tulipa greigii var. campanulata Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 264 (1877)
= Tulipa greigii var. flava Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 449 (1873)
= Tulipa karatavica (Regel) Vved. ex Lipsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 733 (1931 publ. 1932) (in obs.)
= Tulipa krauseana Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 508 (1879)
= Tulipa mogoltavica Popov & Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 318 (1971)
species :
Tulipa harazensis Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 165: 91 (1990)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa heteropetala Ledeb.; Icon. Pl. 1: 21, t. 85 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang)
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Orithyia oxypetala (Ledeb.) D.Don; Sw., Brit. Fl. Gard. 7: t. 336 (1835)
= Orithyia uniflora var. oxypetala (Ledeb.) Regel; Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestv. Moskovsk. Univ. 21(2): 142 (1876)
species :
Tulipa heterophylla (Regel) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14(76): 295 (1875)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Eduardoregelia heterophylla (Regel) Popov; Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Almaat. Acad. Sci. No. 3 (1936)
= Orithyia heterophylla Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 440 (1868)
species :
Tulipa heweri Raamsd.; Nordic J. Bot. 18: 52 (1998)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Tulipa hissarica Popov & Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 149 (1935)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa hoogiana B.Fedtsch.; Gard. Chron. 48: 53 (1910)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Tulipanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa hoogiana f. pallida B.Fedtsch.; Fl. Turkmen. 1: 302 (1932)
= Tulipa ingens f. pallida B.Fedtsch.; Fl. Turkmen. 1: 303 (1932)
= Tulipa sovietica A.D.Hall; Gen. Tulipa, 120, 159 (1940)
species :
Tulipa humilis Herb.; Bot. Mag. 30: Misc. 30 (1844)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
33 NCS 34 IRN LEB TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones, Saxatiles
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa caucasica Lipsky; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 6(1): 85 (1902)
= Tulipa humilis subsp. matinae Zojajifar & Sheidai; Iranian J. Bot. 9: 66 (2001)
= Tulipa lipskyi Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 223 (1928), nom. superfl.
= Tulipa lownei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 294 (1874)
= Tulipa lownei var. haynei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 295 (1874)
= Tulipa narcissiodora Markgr.; Gartenbauwissenschaft 22: 551 (1957)
= Tulipa violacea var. pallida Hausskn.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24(2): 100 (1908)
variant :
var. aucheriana (Baker) Christenh.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 314 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey; Syria; Iran; Afghanistan
34 AFG IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aucheriana Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 20: 168 (1883)
= Tulipa aucheriana subsp. westii Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban 1: 227 (1966)
variant :
var. kurdica (Wendelbo) Christenh.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 172(3): 314 (2013)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa kurdica Agnew & Hadac ex Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 127: 276, f. 1 (1974)
variant :
var. pulchella (Fenzl ex Regel) Christenh.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 314 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey; Iraq; Afghanistan
34 AFG IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa alpina J.Gay ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 289 (1874), not validly publ.
= Tulipa pulchella (Fenzl ex Regel) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 289 (1874)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. pulchella Fenzl ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 443 (1873)
variant :
var. violacea (Boiss. & Buhse) Christenh.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 314 (2013)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa violacea Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 211 (1860)
species :
Tulipa hungarica Borbás; Földmüv. Érdek. 10: 561 (1882), Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32
Distribution: Hungary; Serbia; Romania; Bulgaria (E- & C-Rodopi)
11 HUN 13 BUL ROM SRB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aureolina Delip.; Feddes Repert. 87(1-2): 1 (1976)
= Tulipa hungarica subsp. rhodopea (Velen.) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 42 (1995)
= Tulipa hungarica subsp. undulatifolia (Roman) Roman & Beldie; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 13: 52 (1976)
= Tulipa hungarica var. undulatifolia Roman; Stud. Cerc. Biol., Bot. 23(6): 478 (1971)
= Tulipa hungarica var. urumoffii (Hayek) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 69 (1933)
= Tulipa neilreichii Borbás; ex Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32 (1914) (in syn.)
= Tulipa orientalis Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 263 (1884)
= Tulipa orientalis var. rhodopea Velen.; Sitz. Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 40: 8 (1899)
= Tulipa orientalis var. urumoffii (Hayek) Stoj. & Stef.; Fl. Bulg. 1: 240 (1924)
= Tulipa pirinica Delip.; B. Kuzmanov (ed.), Trudove na Cetvartata Nacionalna Konferencija po Botanika 1: 98 (1987)
= Tulipa rhodopea (Velen.) Velen.; Rel. Mrkvickanae, 28 (1922) (nomen)
= Tulipa rocheliana Janka; ex Sched. Fl. Hung. Exsicc. 3: 32 (1914) (in syn.)
= Tulipa urumoffii Hayek; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 61: (110) (1911)
species :
Tulipa iliensis Regel; Gartenflora 28: 162, pl. 975, f. e-d, 277, pl. 982, f. 4-6 (1879)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (NW-Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa thianschanica Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 508 (1879)
= Tulipa thianschanica var. sailimuensis X.Wei & D.Y.Tan; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 304 (2000)
species :
Tulipa ingens Hoog; Gard. Chron., II. 14 (1902)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa tubergeniana Hoog; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 35: 358 (1904)
species :
Tulipa intermedia Tojibaev & J.de Groot; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 546 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
variant :
var. korolkowioides Tojibaev & J.de Groot; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 549 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Tulipa ivasczenkoae Epiktetov & Belyalov; Turczaninowia 16(3): 5 (2013)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa jacquesii Zonn.; Phytotaxa 218(2): 185 (2015)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Tulipa julia K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 225 (1849)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Tulipanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa kaghyzmanica Fomin; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 9: 13 (1908)
= Tulipa montana var. julia (K.Koch) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 279 (1874)
species :
Tulipa kaufmanniana Regel; Gartenfl. (1877) 194, et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 5: 265 (1877)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
11 ger 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa berkariensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 109: [33], photogrs. (2019)
species :
Tulipa kolbintsevii Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 298: 1294 (2012)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa kolpakowskiana Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 266 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Afghanistan (Baghlan); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 34 AFG 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa aristata Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 506 (1879)
= Tulipa borszczowii Baker; Bot. Mag, t. 6635 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa dykesiana Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 348 (1935), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa hoeltzeri (Regel) Dykes; Not. Tulip Sp.: 74 (1930)
= Tulipa triphylla Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 636 (1878)
= Tulipa triphylla var. hoeltzeri Regel; Gartenflora 33: 34 (1884)
species :
Tulipa kopetdaghensis B.Fedtsch. ex Czern.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 256 (1927), Czern. inFedde, Repert. 27: 266 (1930)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Tulipa korolkowii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 295 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa korolkowii f. rosea (Vved.) Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa nitida Hoog; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 31: 350 (1902)
= Tulipa rosea Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 319 (1971)
species :
Tulipa kosovarica Kit Tan, Shuka & Krasniqi; Phytotaxa 62: 2-3 (2012)
Distribution: SW-Kosovo; N-Albania
13 ALB KOS
species :
Tulipa koyuncui Eker & Babaç; Nordic J. Bot. 28(3): 325 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Tulipa kuschkensis B.Fedtsch.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50: Suppl., 612 (1914), nomen, B. Fedtsch. Rastit. Turkest. 242 (1915), in clavi, Sealy in Bot. Mag, t. 9370 (1934), descr.
Distribution: Turkmenistan; NE-Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Samangan)
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Tulipanum
species :
Tulipa lanata Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 647, t. 4 (1884)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kabul, Parwan); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 IND
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa lehmanniana Merckl.; A. Bunge, Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 337 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kandahar, Zabul); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa behmiana Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 505 (1879)
= Tulipa zenaidae Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 21: 150 (1935)
species :
Tulipa lemmersii Zonn., Peterse & J.de Groot; Pl. Syst. Evol. 298(1): 91 (2012)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa linifolia Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 648 (1884)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Herat, Samangan, Kabul, Parwan, Takhar)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa afghanica Markgr.; Gartenbauwissenschaft 22: 551 (1957)
= Tulipa batalinii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 688 (1889)
= Tulipa maximowiczii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 687 (1889)
species :
Tulipa lorestanica Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 148: 21, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: C-Iran (Lorestan)
34 IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones
species :
Tulipa luanica Millaku; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(5-6): 316 (2015)
Distribution: Kosovo
13 KOS
species :
Tulipa montana Lindl.; Bot. Reg. 13: t. 1106 (1827)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
32 TKM 34 IRN IRQ 40 IND
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa biebersteiniana var. aurantiaca Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 291 (1874)
= Tulipa chrysantha (Regel) Boiss. ex Benth.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 279 (1874)
= Tulipa giselae Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 78 (1939)
= Tulipa linifolia f. chrysantha (Boiss.) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 38 (1995)
= Tulipa montana var. chrysantha (Boiss.) Wendelbo ex Rech.f.; Fl. Iran., 165: 90 (1990)
= Tulipa montana var. maculata Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 454 (1873)
= Tulipa wilsoniana Hoog; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 32: 50 (1902)
species :
Tulipa narcissicum N.Y.Stepanova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(10): 1121 (2014)
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Tulipa orithyioides Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 150 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa subbiflora Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 320 (1971)
species :
Tulipa orphanidea Boiss. & Heldr.; Gartenfl. 11: 309 (1862)
Distribution: Croatia [I]; Bulgaria; European Turkey; S-Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 BUL cro GRC KRI TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa atheniensis Orph.; Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 116 (1870)
= Tulipa bithynica Griseb. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 282 (1874)
= Tulipa crocata Orph.; Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 116 (1870)
= Tulipa cruciata Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 20: 789. (1883)
= Tulipa doerfleri Gand.; Fl. Cret. 102, No. 1814 (1916)
= Tulipa hageri f. nitens (H.B.May) Farrer; Engl. Rock Gard. 2: 412 (1919)
= Tulipa hageri Heldr.; Gartenflora 23: 97 (1874)
= Tulipa hageri var. doerfleri (Gand.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 70 (1932)
= Tulipa hageri var. nitens H.B.May; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 33: 302 (1903)
= Tulipa hayatii O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 69 (1934)
= Tulipa hellespontica Arpad; Magyar Bot. Lap. 32: 145 (1933)
= Tulipa minervae Orph. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 294 (1874)
= Tulipa orphanidea subsp. doerfleri (Gand.) Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa orphanidea subsp. whittalii (A.D.Hall) Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009), isonym
= Tulipa orphanidea var. whittallii (A.D.Hall) Dykes; Not. tulip sp. 34 (t. 8) (1930)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. orphanidea (Boiss. ex Heldr.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 443 (1873)
= Tulipa theophrasti Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 143 (1897)
= Tulipa thracica Davidov; Speisan. Bulghar. Akad. Nauk. 12: 118 (1915)
= Tulipa turcica Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 382 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa whittallii (Dykes) A.D.Hall; Book Tulip: 60 (1926)
species :
Tulipa ostrowskiana Regel; Gartenfl. 34 (1884)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa ostrowskiana var. crocea Tubergen; Nursery Cat. (van Tubergen) 1906(Flowerroots): 15 (1906)
= Tulipa tetraphylla subsp. ostrowskiana (Regel) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 39 (1995)
species :
Tulipa persica (Lindl.) Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 536 (1830)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Azerbaijan; Iran
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa oculus-solis var. persica Lindl.; Bot. Reg. 14: t. 1143 (1828)
species :
Tulipa platystemon Vved.; Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 21: 150 (1935)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa praestans Hoog; Gard. Chron., III 33: 325 (1903)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa subpraestans Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 318 (1971)
species :
Tulipa regelii Krasn.; Script. Univ. Petrop. 2: 21 (1887 publ. 1888)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: Lophophyllon
species :
Tulipa salsola Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 148: 11, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Tulipa sarvestanica Alipour & Majidi; Phytotaxa 630(1): 88 (2023)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Tulipa saxatilis Sieber ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 63 (1825)
Name: Felsen-Tulpe (DE); Cretan Tulip (EN)
Distribution: Italy [I]; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 ita KRI 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa bakeri A.D.Hall; Jour. Bot. (London) 76: 316 (1938)
= Tulipa beccariana Bicchi; Descr. Nuov. Sp. Tulip.: 2 (1860)
= Tulipa chrysobasis Coustur. & Gand.; Bull. Soc. Duffour 1914: 38 (1914)
= Tulipa saxatilis subsp. bakeri (A.D.Hall) Zonn.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 281: 244 (2009)
= Tulipa saxatilis var. bakeri (A.D.Hall) D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 61 (2017)
species :
Tulipa scharipovii Tojibaev; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 41(2): 1063 (2009)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Tulipa schmidtii Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 47 (1909)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Leiostemones, gesnerana agg.
species :
Tulipa serbica Tatic & Krivosej; Bocconea 5(2): 733 (1997)
Distribution: Serbia
13 SRB
species :
Tulipa sinkiangensis Z.M.Mao; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 282-283, pl. 9 (1980)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Tulipa sosnowskyi Achv. & Mirzoeva; Trans. Bot. Inst. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 7: 31 (1950)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: Leiostemones
species :
Tulipa sprengeri Baker; Gard. Chron. (1894) 1: 716, et in Gartenfl. 44: 57 (1895), t. 1411
Distribution: +NW-Turkey (Amasya)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: surviving only in cultivation
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa brachyanthera Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 187 (1896)
species :
Tulipa suaveolens Roth; Usteri, Ann. Bot. 10: 44 (1794)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkey (Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
32 KAZ 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa gesneriana subsp. schrenkii (Regel) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 302 (1890)
= Tulipa gesneriana var. acutiflora Pacz.; Zap. Kievsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp., XI, 1: 159 (1890)
= Tulipa hortulanorum Wender.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 6: 71 (1838)
= Tulipa monticola E.Wulff; Fl. Taurica 1(3): 41 (1930)
= Tulipa odoratissima Vis.; Orto Bot. Padova: 149 (1842)
= Tulipa oxypetala Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(II): 81 (1857)
= Tulipa schrenkii Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 2: 452 (1873)
= Tulipa splendens Delip.; Feddes Repert. 87: 3 (1976)
= Tulipa suaveolens var. bicolor Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 650 (1884)
= Tulipa suaveolens var. pluriflora Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 650 (1884)
= Tulipa turcarum Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 271 (1884)
= Tulipa volgensis M.Bieb. ex Eichw.; Pl. Nov. Casp.-Cauc.: 2 (1831)
species :
Tulipa subquinquefolia Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 245 (1946)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Tulipanum
species :
Tulipa sylvestris L.; Sp. Pl. 305 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sylvestris
Name: Wildtulpe (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; NE-Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Algeria [I]
10 den grb nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger hun net pol 12 SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 14 est lat lit 20 alg
Remarks: sylvestris agg., Eriostemones, Australes
Synonyms: hidden
= Lilium bononiense E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 91 (1906)
= Liriopogon sylvestre (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1836)
= Tulipa abatinoi Borzì & Mattei; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 11: 241 (1912)
= Tulipa aurea Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 153 (1832)
= Tulipa australis subsp. gallica (Delaun. ex Loisel.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 216 (1890)
= Tulipa australis var. gallica (Delaun. ex Loisel.) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 103 (1884)
= Tulipa balcanica Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 37: 65 (1892 publ. 1893)
= Tulipa florentina Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 290 (1874)
= Tulipa gallica Delaun. ex Loisel.; Herb. Amateur Fleurs 3: t. 160 (1829)
= Tulipa gallica var. occidentalis Hy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 384 (1912)
= Tulipa grandiflora Hy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 384 (1912)
= Tulipa grisebachiana Pant.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 23: 265 (1873)
= Tulipa grisebachii Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 33: 202 (1883)
= Tulipa marshalliana Andrz. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 290 (1874), pro syn.
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. balcanica (Velen.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 71 (1932)
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. gallica (Loisel.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 66 (1929)
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. grandiflora (Hy) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 71 (1932)
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. grisebachiana (Pant.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 71 (1932)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. gallica (Delaun. ex Loisel.) Kunze; Flora 29: 699 (1846)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. gallica (Delaun. ex Loisel.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 80 (2001), with incorrect basionym ref.
= Tulipa turcica Roth; Catalect. fasc. 1: 45 (1797)
subspecies :
subsp. australis (Link) Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 114 (1914)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia, S-European Russia, SE-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); China (NW-Xinjiang); Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Pennsylvania [I])
10 den grb nor swe 11 aut bgm ger net pol SWI 12 ADO FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Eriostemones, sylvestris agg. T. biebersteiniana (with many synonyms) and T. patens are frequently kept separate
Synonyms: hidden
= Liriopogon celsianum (Redouté) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 35 (1837)
= Tulipa abatinoi var. aurea Borzì & Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 11: 242 (1913)
= Tulipa acrocarpa Jord. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 293 (1874)
= Tulipa alpestris Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 120 (1868)
= Tulipa australis proles alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 400 (1910)
= Tulipa australis Link; J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 317 (1800)
= Tulipa australis subsp. mauritii Sennen; Sennen & H. Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 121 (1933), nom. nud.
= Tulipa australis subsp. montana (Kunze) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 216 (1890)
= Tulipa australis subsp. transtagana (Brot.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 216 (1890)
= Tulipa australis var. alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) Farrer; Engl. Rock Gard. 2: 409 (1919)
= Tulipa australis var. alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) Gaut.; Cat. Fl. Corbières: 275 (1912)
= Tulipa australis var. alpestris P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 164 (1935)
= Tulipa australis var. campestris Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 219 (1862), nom. superfl.
= Tulipa australis var. celsiana (Redouté) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 104 (1884)
= Tulipa australis var. fragrans (Munby) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 103 (1884)
= Tulipa australis var. melillensis Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv.: 167 (1936)
= Tulipa australis var. montana (Kunze) Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 104 (1884), isonym
= Tulipa australis var. montana (Kunze) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 219 (1862)
= Tulipa australis var. parviflora Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 219 (1862)
= Tulipa australis var. transtagana (Brot.) Levier; Tulip. Eur.: 104 (1884)
= Tulipa bessarabica Zapal.; Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. 1906(2): 101 (1906)
= Tulipa biebersteiniana Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 382 (1829)
= Tulipa biebersteiniana var. tricolor (Klokov & Zoz) Knjaz.; Kulikov & E. G. Philippov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 116 (2001)
= Tulipa breyniana Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 19: t. 717 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa browniana E.Vilm.; Fl. Pleine Terre, ed. 3: 1172 (1870)
= Tulipa callieri Halácsy & Levier; Jahreskat. Wiener Bot. Tauschanst. 1897: 69 (1897)
= Tulipa caucasica Orph. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 723 (1882), pro syn.
= Tulipa celsiana J.Henning; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 6: 70 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa celsiana Redouté; Liliac. 1: t. 38 (1803)
= Tulipa celsiana var. alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 723 (1882)
= Tulipa celsiana var. fragrans (Munby) Batt. & Trab.; J. A. Battandier & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 167 (1884)
= Tulipa celsiana var. maculata (Roth) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 445 (1873)
= Tulipa celsiana var. montana (Kunze) Batt. & Trab.; Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 168 (1895)
= Tulipa celsiana var. transtagana (Brot.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 723 (1882)
= Tulipa fragrans Munby; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 13: 256 (1866)
= Tulipa fragrans var. montana (Kunze) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 408 (1894)
= Tulipa fragrans var. scappuccii Vacc.; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 38: 217 (1913)
= Tulipa gallica f. armoricana Hy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 384 (1912)
= Tulipa gallica var. australis (Link) Hy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 384 (1912)
= Tulipa graniticola (Klokov & Zoz) Klokov; Visn. Rosl. URSR 11: 755 (1950)
= Tulipa hypanica Klokov & Zoz; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov, ed. Med. 1: 66, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa maculata Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 289 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa maculata Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp. 196 (1821)
= Tulipa microgyna Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 292 (1874)
= Tulipa ophiophylla Klokov & Zoz; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med. 1: 68, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla subsp. bestashica Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 69 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla subsp. donetzica Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 68 (1936)
= Tulipa ophiophylla subsp. graniticola Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 68 (1936)
= Tulipa paschalis Sennen; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 70: 63 (1923 publ. 1924)
= Tulipa patens C.Agardh ex Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7: 384 (1829)
= Tulipa pumila Moench; Methodus: 301 (1794)
= Tulipa pumila Tausch; Flora 12: I. Erg. 47 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa quercetorum Klokov & Zoz; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med. 1: 63, 72 (1936)
= Tulipa quercetorum var. tricolor Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 72 (1936)
= Tulipa riparia Knjaz., Kulikov & E.G.Philippov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 116 (2001)
= Tulipa riparia var. lutea Knjaz., Kulikov & E.G.Philippov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86(3): 117 (2001)
= Tulipa samarica Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 65 (1936)
= Tulipa sareptana Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 66 (1936)
= Tulipa scythica Klokov & Zoz; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kkarkov, ed. Med. 1: 69, 73 (1936)
= Tulipa sibirica Patrin ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 226 (1843)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. aurea (Borzì & Mattei) Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. fragrans (Munby) Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. montana (Kunze) Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris f. scappuccii Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 116 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 270 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. celsiana (Redouté) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 71 (1932)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. alpestris (Jord. & Fourr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 80 (2001)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. biebersteiniana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Regel; Acta Hort. Petrop. 2: 442 (1873)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. celsiana (DC.) Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 104 (1884)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. fragrans (Munby) Levier; Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 14: 103 (1884)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. herbetei Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv.: 243 (1936)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. mauritii Valdés; Lagascalia 18: 326 (1996)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. mediterranea Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 115 (1914)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. melillensis Sennen & Mauricio; Diagn. Nouv.: 167 (1936)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. minor Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. montana Kunze; Flora 29: 637 (1846)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. niphontiana Czern.; Consp. Pl. Charcov.: 64 (1859)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. prinzeriana Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1908: 5 (1908)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. tricolor (Ledeb.) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 136 (1853)
= Tulipa talijevii Klokov & Zoz; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 66 (1936), pro syn.
= Tulipa tchitounyi Azn.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 16: 34 (1917) (1918)
= Tulipa tenuiscapa Pomel ex Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 87 (1919), pro syn.
= Tulipa thirkeana K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 226 (1849)
= Tulipa transtagana Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 519 (1804)
= Tulipa tricolor Ledeb.; Ic. Pl. Fl. Ross. 2: 13, t. 135 (1830)
= Tulipa valerii Zoz & Klokov; Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkivs´k. Derzhavn. Univ. 1: 72 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. primulina (Baker) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afr. Nord 5: 103 (1958)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa cuspidata Regel; Gartenflora 33: 66 (1884)
= Tulipa elwesii Regel; Gartenflora 33: t. 1147 (1884)
= Tulipa primulina Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 18: 8 (1882)
= Tulipa sylvestris subsp. cuspidata (Regel) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afr. Nord 5: 104 (1958)
= Tulipa sylvestris var. primulina (Baker) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 29: 454 (1938)
species :
Tulipa stylosa Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 17 (1885)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nagorny-Karabach, Nachichevan); Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
20 EGY 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa carrieri Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
= Tulipa cuspidata Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wien 50: 17 (1885) (non Regel)
= Tulipa florenskyi Woronow; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 61 (1924)
= Tulipa levieri Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
= Tulipa montana var. amblyophylla Post; Pl. Post. 1: 13 (1890)
= Tulipa stapfii Turrill; Bot. Mag. 157: t. 9356 (1934)
= Tulipa straussii Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F. 29: 43 (1912)
= Tulipa sultanabadensis Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 19: 230 (1894)
species :
Tulipa talassica Lazkov; Turczaninowia 14(3): 11 (2011)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Tulipa tarda Stapf; Bot. Mag, t. 9321 (1933)
Name: Stern-Tulpe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
11 ger 32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa urumiensis var. tarda (Stapf) D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 63 (2017)
species :
Tulipa tetraphylla Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 296 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa brachystemon Regel; Gartenfl. 323 (1882)
= Tulipa corynestemon A.D.Hall; Gen. Tulipa: 138 (1940)
= Tulipa kesselringii Regel; Gartenflora 26: 34 (1877)
species :
Tulipa toktogulica B.D.Wilson & Lazkov; Phytotaxa 566(1): 7 (2022)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Tulipa turgaica Perezhogin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 98(12): 1561 (2013), et Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 45: 145 (2014)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Tulipa turkestanica (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 296 (1875)
Name: Turkestanische Tulpe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
11 ger 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa sylvestris var. turkestanica Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 443 (1873)
species :
Tulipa ulophylla Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot. 14: 99, ff. 4-6 (1967)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa wendelboi Matin & Iranshahr; Iran. J. Bot. 7: 228 (1998)
species :
Tulipa undulatifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(5): 57 (1844)
Distribution: Macedonia; European Turkey; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC NMA TUE 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Leiostemones
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa boeotica Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4). 99 (1859)
= Tulipa boeotica subsp. euanthiae (Orph.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 215 (1890)
= Tulipa boeotica var. eriantha Farrer; Engl. Rock Gard. 2: 410 (1919)
= Tulipa eichleri Regel; Gartenflora 23: 193 (1874)
= Tulipa euanthiae Orph.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 100 (1859)
= Tulipa pavlovii Kitan.; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 2: 177 (1951)
= Tulipa scardica Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 199 (1923)
= Tulipa strangulata Heldr. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 286 (1874), not validly publ.
variant :
var. micheliana (Hoog) Wilford; Curtis´s Bot. Mag. 30(1): 63 (2013)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa eichleri var. micheliana (Hoog) Raamsd.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 195(1-2): 40 (1995)
= Tulipa micheliana Hoog; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 31: 350 (1902)
species :
Tulipa uniflora (L.) Besser ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 295 (1874)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Orithyia
Synonyms: hidden
= Gagea uniflora (L.) Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 553 (1829)
= Orithyia nutans Trautv.; Pl. Imag. 15, t. 10 (1844)
= Orithyia uniflora (L.) D.Don; Brit. Fl. Gard. 2: pl. 336 (1836)
= Ornithogalum uniflorum L.; Mant. Pl. 1: 62 (1767)
= Tulipa mongolica Y.Z.Zhao; Novon 13: 277 (2003)
= Tulipa stylosa Fisch.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 3: 28 (1837), nom. illeg.
species :
Tulipa urumiensis Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9288 (1930)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
Remarks: Eriostemones, Australes
species :
Tulipa uzbekistanica Botschantz. & Sharipov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 109 (1971)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Spiranthera
species :
Tulipa vvedenskyi Botschantz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 14: 3 (1954)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Tulipa zonneveldii J.de Groot & Tojibaev; Int. Rock Gard. 93: [20] (2017)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Tulipa ×tschimganica Botschantz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 16: 10 (1961)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Remarks: Tulipa dubia x T. kaufmanniana
Synonyms: hidden
= Tulipa kaufmanniana subsp. tschimganica (Botschantz.) Tojibaev; Uzbeksk. Biol. Zhurn. 2010(3): 44 (2010)
= Tulipa ×anadroma Botschantz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Inst. Bot. Zool. Akad. Nauk Uzbeksk. S.S.R. 16: 7 (1961)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life