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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.6001 Genus Vachellia Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 272 (1834)
Distribution: America (50), Africa (80), Asia (28), Australia and Pacific (12). A major spin-off genus from Acacia sensu lato, containing the former type of Acacia. Many necessary new combinations have not been done yet.
Species listed in database: 162; hybrids: 5
= Acaciopsis Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
= Bahamia Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 86 (1928)
= Delaportea Thorel ex Gagnep.; Lecomte, Not. Syst 2: 117 (1911)
= Farnesia Gasp.; Descourt. Nuov. Gen. (1838)
= Feracacia Britton & León; N. Am. Fl. 23: 86 (1928)
= Fishlockia Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 91 (1928)
= Gumifera Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Lucaya Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 87 (1928)
= Myrmecodendron Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 91 (1928)
= Nimiria Prain ex Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 393 (1927)
= Panthocarpa Raf.; Neogenyton: 2 (1825)
= Pithecodendron Speg.; Physis (Buenos Aires) 6: 313 (1923)
= Poponax Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Tauroceras Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 85 (1928)
species :
Vachellia abyssinica (Hochst. ex Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. abyssinica
Distribution: Ethiopia; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen: Tihama, Inner Yemen, W-Yemen)
24 ETH 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 5: 97 (1846)
= Acacia xiphocarpa Hochst. ex Benth.; London J. Bot. 5: 96 (1846)
= Acacia xiphocarpa Hochst. ex Engl.; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 240 (1892)
subspecies :
subsp. calophylla (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
23 RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia abyssinica subsp. calophylla Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 82 (1957)
species :
Vachellia acuifera (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 142 (2006)
Name: Bahama acacia, Cassip, Pork-and-doughboy, Rosewood (Bahamas)
Distribution: E-Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.
81 BAH TCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia acuifera Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 496 (1842)
= Bahamia acuifera (Benth.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 86 (1928)
= Cojoba micrantha (Benth.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 30 (1928)
= Feuilleea micrantha (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 188 (1891)
= Pithecellobium micranthum Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 589 (1875)
species :
Vachellia albicorticata (Burkart) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 142 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz); Argentina (Salta, Tucuman, Jujuy)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia albicorticata Burkart; Darwiniana 7: 504 (1947)
species :
Vachellia allenii (D.H.Janzen) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 142 (2006)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia allenii Janzen; Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 13: 53 (1974)
species :
Vachellia amythethophylla (Steud. ex A.Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; SW-Chad; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
22 BEN BKN GHA IVO MLI NGA NGR 23 CMN ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia amythethophylla Steud. ex A.Rich.; Fl. Abyss. 1: 245 (1847)
= Acacia buchananii Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 76 (1901)
= Acacia dalzielii Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1912: 97 (1912)
= Acacia macrothyrsa Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 396 (1900)
= Acacia prorsispinula Stapf; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 513 (1906)
= Vachellia macrothyrsa (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
species :
Vachellia ancistroclada (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ancistroclada Brenan; Kew Bull. 1958: 412 (1959)
species :
Vachellia anegadensis (Britton) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 142 (2006)
Distribution: Virgin Isl. (Anegada)
81 VIR
Conservation Status: IUCN CR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia anegadensis Britton; Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard 6: 572 (1916)
= Fishlockia anegadensis (Britton) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 91 (1928)
species :
Vachellia antunesii (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: SW-Angola; Mozambique
26 ANG MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia antunesii Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 76 (1901)
species :
Vachellia arenaria (Schinz) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Name: Sand Thorn
Distribution: Tanzania; S-Angola; S-Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana
25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arenaria Schinz; Mém. Herb. Boissier 1: 105 (1893)
= Acacia hermannii Baker f. [J.Bot.67: 198 (1929)]
= Acacia rufobrunnea N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 107 (1909)
species :
Vachellia aroma (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 143 (2006)
Name: Algaraobo chico
Distribution: Bangladesh [I]; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá)
40 ban 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia aroma Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Misc. 3: 206 (1833)
= Acacia aroma var. cochlearis Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 122 (1879)
= Acacia lutea var. aroma (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. pl. 3(2): 47 (1898)
= Acacia lutea var. moniliformis (Griseb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 47 (1898)
= Acacia michelii Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 28 (1896)
= Acacia moniliformis Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 136 (1874)
= Vachellia lutea f. aroma (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 312 (1923)
= Vachellia lutea f. leptocarpa Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 313 (1923)
= Vachellia lutea f. moniliformis (Griseb.) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 313 (1923)
= Vachellia lutea f. oocephala Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Cordoba 26: 312 (1924)
= Vachellia lutea f. pachycarpa Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 314 (1923)
= Vachellia lutea f. thlipsacantha Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 313 (1923)
= Vachellia lutea var. aroma (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Cordoba 26: 313 (1924)
= Vachellia lutea var. moniliformis (Griseb.) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Cordoba 26: 337 (1924)
variant :
var. huarango (Ruiz ex J.F.Macbr.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 144 (2006)
Distribution: SW-Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia huarango Ruiz ex J.F.Macbr.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 8: 90 (1930)
= Acacia aroma var. huarango (Ruiz ex J.F.Macbr.) Ebinger, Seigler & H.D.Clarke; Syst. Bot. 25(4): 602 (2000)
species :
Vachellia astringens (Gillies) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Ci. Cordoba 26: 278 (1924)
Distribution: Uruguay (Paysandu); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Mendoza, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia atramentaria Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 392 (1842)
= Acacia farnesiana var. atramentaria (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 47 (1898)
= Acacia prosopoma O.Schnyd.; Anal. Soc. Cient. Argent. 3: 152 (1877)
= Prosopis astringens Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Misc. 3: 204 (1833)
species :
Vachellia azuana R.G.García, Clase, Ebinger & Seigler; Novon 23(3): 278 (2014)
Distribution: Dominican Republic
81 HIS
species :
Vachellia baessleri H.D.Clarke, Seigler & Ebinger; Syst. Bot. 34(1): 89 (2009)
Distribution: Cuba (Guantanamo, Las Tunas)
81 CUB
species :
Vachellia barahonensis (Urb. & Ekman) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 144 (2006)
Name: Acacia, Zacacia (Dominican Republic), Z´acacia (Haiti)
Distribution: Dominican Republic
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia barahonensis Urb. & Ekman; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 22: A. No. 8, 29 (1929)
species :
Vachellia bavazzanoi (Pic.Serm.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bavazzanoi Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana. 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 54 (1951)
species :
Vachellia belairioides (Urb.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 145 (2006)
Distribution: Cuba (Holguin Prov.)
81 CUB
Conservation Status: endangered (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and IUCN CR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia belairioides Urb.; Symb. Antill. 9: 439 (1928)
= Feracacia belairioides (Urb.) Britton & León; N. Am. Fl. 23: 87 (1928)
species :
Vachellia bellula (Drake) Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179(2): 293 (2015)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bellula Drake; Bull. Soc. Linn. Par. 2: 1302 (1897)
species :
Vachellia biaciculata (S.Watson) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 145 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Jalisco [I], Queretaro [I])
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia biaciculata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 452 (1886)
= Acaciopsis biaciculata (S.Watson) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 96 (1928)
species :
Vachellia bidwillii (Benth.) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 234 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Burnett and Port Curtis districts of Queensland, but ranging as far N as Mt Carbine and with a W-disjunction in the Moum Isa area)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bidwillii Benth.; Linnaea 26: 629 (1853 publ. 1855)
= Acacia bidwillii var. polytricha Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 22(89): 273 (1926)
= Acacia leptoclada var. polyphylla Benth.; Fl. Austral. 2: 410 (1864)
species :
Vachellia bilimekii (J.F.Macbr.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 145 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Mexico State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ambigua Rose; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 31 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Acacia bilimekii J.F.Macbr.; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 59: 6 (1919)
= Acacia bilimekii var. robusta Miranda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 12: 590, 610 (1941)
= Acacia sericocarpa Rose; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 8: 300 (1903)
= Acaciopsis bilimekii (J.F.Macbr.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 94 (1928)
species :
Vachellia bolei (R.P.Subhedar) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Nuytsia 24: 21 (2014)
Distribution: S-India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bolei R.P.Subhedar; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 82(2): 440 (1985), nom. nov.
= Acacia wightii Baker ex Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 506 (1875)
= Vachellia wightii Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162: 177 (2014), nom. superfl.
species :
Vachellia borleae (Burtt Davy) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Name: Sticky Thorn
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia barbertonensis Schweick.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937: 445 (1937)
= Acacia borleae Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 325 (1922)
species :
Vachellia brandegeeana (I.M.Johnst.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 146 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acaciopsis brandegeeana (I.M.Johnst.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 94 (1928)
= Acacia brandegeeana I.M.Johnst.; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 75: 27 (1925)
species :
Vachellia bravoensis (Isely) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 146 (2006)
Name: Schaffner´s wattle
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia schaffneri var. bravoensis Isely; Sida 3: 383 (1969)
species :
Vachellia bucheri (Vict.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 146 (2006)
Distribution: Cuba (Holguin, Guantanamo)
81 CUB
Conservation Status: threatened (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and endangered (IUCN)
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bucheri Vict.; Contrib. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montreal, No. 49, 57 (1944)
species :
Vachellia bullockii (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: NW-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bullockii Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 77 (1957)
variant :
var. induta (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: NW-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bullockii var. induta Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 78 (1957)
species :
Vachellia burttii (Baker f.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: W-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia burttii Baker f. [J.Bot.71: 342 (1933)]
species :
Vachellia bussei (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; N-Tanzania
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bussei Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt; Schwed. Zool. Exped., Kilmandjaro 8: 117 (1908)
species :
Vachellia caboverdeana (Rivas Mart., Lousã, J.C.Costa & Maria C.Duarte) comb.ined.
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl.
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia caboverdeana Rivas Mart., Lousã, J.C.Costa & Maria C.Duarte; Int. J. Geobot. Res. 7: 20 (2017)
species :
Vachellia californica (Brandegee) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 146 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Yucatan)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia californica Brandegee; Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 3: 1892. 221 (1893)
= Acacia pringlei subsp. californica (Brandegee) Y.S.Lee, Seigler & Ebinger; Syst. Bot. 14(1): 99 (1989)
= Acacia sonorensis Rose; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 8: 31 (1903)
= Acaciopsis californica (Brandegee) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 96 (1928)
= Acaciopsis sonorensis (Rose) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
species :
Vachellia campechiana (Mill.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 147 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Honduras
79 MEX 80 HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia cochliacantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1081 (1806)
= Acacia cymbacantha Zucc. ex Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 501 (1875)
= Acacia cymbispina Sprague & L.Riley; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1923: 395 (1923)
= Acacia milleriana Standl.; J. Arnold Arbor. 11: 29 (1930)
= Mimosa campechiana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 20 (1768)
= Mimosa cochliacantha (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 78 (1810)
= Poponax attenuata Britton & Rose; N. Amer. Fl. 23: 90 (1928)
= Poponax campechiana (Mill.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 90 (1928)
= Poponax cymbispina (Sprague & L.Riley) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 90 (1928)
form :
f. houghii (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 148 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa to Chiapas, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Poponax houghii Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 90 (1928)
= Acacia cochliacantha f. houghii (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger; Syst. Bot. 13: 14 (1988)
species :
Vachellia caurina (Barneby & Zanoni) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 148 (2006)
Distribution: NW-Haiti
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia caurina Barneby & Zanoni; Moscosoa 5: 20 (1989)
species :
Vachellia caven (Molina) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 148 (2006)
Name: Churqui (ES), Espino [Chile]
Distribution: Galapagos; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caaguazu, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios)
83 BOL GAL 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia adenopa Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. iii. 206 (1833)
= Acacia aromatica Poepp. ex Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 502 (1875)
= Acacia caven (Molina) Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat., ed. 2: 163, 299 (1810)
= Acacia caven var. dehiscens Burkart ex Ciald.; Darwiniana 25: 76 (1984)
= Acacia caven var. macrocarpa Aronson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79(4): 965 (1992)
= Acacia caven var. microcarpa (Speg.) Burkart ex Ciald.; Darwiniana 25: 77 (1984)
= Acacia caven var. sphaerocarpa (Speg.) Burkart ex Aronson; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 964 (1992)
= Acacia caven var. stenocarpa (Speg.) Burkart ex Ciald.; Darwiniana 25: 78 (1984)
= Acacia cavenia (Molina) Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 21 (1830) (nom. illeg.)
= Acacia farnesiana f. cavenia (Molina) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3: 47 (1898)
= Acacia farnesiana var. brachicarpa Kuntze; Rev. gen. Pl. 1: 156 (1891)
= Acacia farnesiana var. cavenia (Molina) Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 436 (1896)
= Acacia ibirocayensis Marchiori; Ci. & Nat. (Santa Maria) 6: 104 (1984)
= Inga caven (Molina) Mérat & Lens; Dict. Univ. Matière Méd. 3: 606 (1831)
= Mimosa caven Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat., ed. 1: 174 (1782)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. armata Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 289 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. brachypoda Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 301 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. cavenia (Molina) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 298 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. inermis Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 289 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. micrantha Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 301 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. microcarpa Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 301 (1923)
= Vachellia farnesiana f. stenocarpa Speg.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 26: 301 (1923)
= Vachellia ibirocayensis (Marchiori) Deble & Marchiori; Balduinia 20: 31 (2010)
species :
Vachellia cernua (Thulin & A.S.Hassan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia cernua Thulin & Hassan; Nord. J. Bot. 303 (1996)
species :
Vachellia chiapensis (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 150 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz); Guatemala; ?Belize
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia chiapensis Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 356 (1915)
species :
Vachellia choriophylla (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 150 (2006)
Name: Cinnecord (Bahamas), Alaba-alaba, Alava-alava, Frijolillo, Tamarindillo (Cuba)
Distribution: USA (Florida: Key Largo); Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba
78 USA 81 BAH CUB TCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia choriophylla Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 495 (1842)
= Lucaya choriophylla (Benth.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 87 (1928)
species :
Vachellia clarksoniana (Pedley) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 234 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia clarksoniana Pedley; Austrobaileya 6(2): 184 (2002)
species :
Vachellia collinsii (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 150 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; ?El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM SWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia collinsii Saff.; Science, no. s. 31: 677
= Acacia costaricensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 361 (1913)
= Acacia glutea Ram.Goyena; Fl. Nicaragua. 1: 382 (1911)
= Acacia nelsonii Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 363 (1914)
= Acacia panamensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 362 (1913)
= Acacia penonomensis Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 363 (1914)
= Acacia yucatanensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 361 (1913)
= Myrmecodendron collinsii (Saff.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 92 (1928)
= Myrmecodendron costaricense (Schenck) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
species :
Vachellia constricta (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 152 (2006)
Name: Mescat acacia (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Virginia [I], Maryland [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia constricta Benth.; A. Gray, Pl. Wright. 1: 66 (1852)
= Acacia constricta var. paucispina Wooton & Standl.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 105 (1909)
= Acaciopsis constricta (Benth.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 96 (1928)
= Acaciopsis constricta var. paucispina (Wooton & Standl.) Moldenke; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 4: 15 (1937)
= Mimosa arcuata M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 10: II. 310 (1843)
species :
Vachellia cookii (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 153 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Tabasco, Chiapas); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bucerophora B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 49: 502 (1913)
= Acacia cookii Saff.; Science, no. s. 31: 677
= Myrmecodendron cookii (Saff.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
species :
Vachellia cornigera (L.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 153 (2006)
Name: Bullhorn wattle, Cuernecillo, Tarrito, Arbol del cuerno (Cuba), Acacia barriere, Acacia cornes a boeuf (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Java [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]
38 tai 40 ind pak 42 jaw 78 usa 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC 81 cub gdl jam mar
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia campecheana Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 361 (1913)
= Acacia cornigera (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1080 (1806)
= Acacia cornigera var. americana DC.; Prodr. 2: 460 (1825)
= Acacia cubensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 360 (1913)
= Acacia furcella Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 359 (1914)
= Acacia hernandezii Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 358 (1914)
= Acacia interjecta Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 361 (1913)
= Acacia nicoyensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 360 (1913)
= Acacia rossiana Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 361 (1913)
= Acacia spadicigera Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 5: 594 (1830)
= Acacia turgida Saff.; Bull. Musc. Comp. Zoology Harvard Coll. 90: pl. 45 (1942)
= Mimosa cornigera L.; Sp. Pl. 520 (1753)
= Tauroceras cornigerum (L.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 86 (1928)
= Tauroceras spadicigerum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 85 (1928)
species :
Vachellia cucuyo (Barneby & Zanoni) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 155 (2006)
Name: Cucuyo (Dominican Republic)
Distribution: Dominican Republic (Sa. Martin Garcia)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia cucuyo Barneby & Zanoni; Moscosoa 5: 14 (1989)
species :
Vachellia curvifructa (Burkart) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 155 (2006)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Salta, Santiago del Estero)
85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia curvifructa Burkart; Legumin. Argent., ed. 2, 541 (1952)
species :
Vachellia daemon (Ekman & Urb.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 155 (2006)
Name: Abrojo, Erizo, Palo biajaca, Yamaquey (Cuba)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Conservation Status: threatened (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and endangered (IUCN)
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia daemon Ekman & Urb.; Urb. Symb. Antill. 9: 438 (1928)
= Feracacia daemon (Ekman & Urb.) Britton & León; N. Am. Fl. 23: 86 (1928)
species :
Vachellia davyi (N.E.Br.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Name: Corky Thorn
Distribution: S-Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 BOT SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia davyi N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1908: 161 (1908)
species :
Vachellia ditricha (Pedley) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 234 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Gibb River-Moum Barnett Stns area of the Kimberley region, Western Australia, from Mainoru Station S to Tanumbirina Station, Northern Territory, and Cape York Peninsula, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ditricha Pedley; Austrobaileya 1(3): 307 (1979)
species :
Vachellia dolichocephala (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia dolichocephala Harms; Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma 7: 86 (1898)
species :
Vachellia douglasica (Pedley) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 236 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia douglasica Pedley; Austrobaileya 6(2): 181 (2002)
species :
Vachellia drepanolobium (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) P.J.H.Hurter; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia drepanolobium Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt; Schwed. Zool. Exped. Kilimandjaro 8: 116 (1908)
= Acacia formicarum Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 362 (1914)
= Acacia lathouwersii Staner; Ann. Soc. Sci. Brux. Ser. B, 55: 311 (1935)
species :
Vachellia dyeri (P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia dyeri P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.; Trees S. Africa, ed. 3, 19 (2002)
species :
Vachellia eburnea (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Distribution: Yemen (SW-Yemen, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut); Pakistan (Sind, Salt Range, Pakistani Punjab); India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Sri Lanka
35 YEM 40 IND PAK SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia campbellii Arn.; Nov. Act. Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18: 333 (1836)
= Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4: 1081 (1806)
= Acacia minutifolia Ragup., A.Mahad. & Thoth.; Indian J. Forest. 14(1): 65 (1991) (non F. Muell.)
= Acacia pseudowightii Thoth.; Rheedea 2(1): 73 (1992) (nom. nov. for A. minutifolia)
= Acacia roxburghii Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 276 (1834)
= Crotalaria campbellii Arn. ex Baker; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 81 (1876)
= Eburnax spinalba Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 119 (1838)
= Mimosa chionacantha Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 99 (1817)
= Mimosa eburnea L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 437 (1782)
= Panthocarpa chionacantha (Raf.) Raf.; Neogenyton: 2 (1825)
= Vachellia campbellii (Arn.) A.Deshp. & Maslin; Nordic J. Bot. 37(4)-e02047: 10 (2018)
= Vachellia pseudowightii (Thoth.) A.Deshp. & Maslin; Nordic J. Bot. 37(4)-e02047: 14 (2018)
= Vachellia pseudowightii (Thoth.) Kottaim.; Int. J. Curr. Res. Biosci. Pl. Biol. 6(3): 38 (2019), isonym
species :
Vachellia ebutsiniorum (P.J.H.Hurter) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ebutsiniorum P.J.H.Hurter; Bothalia 34(1): 42 (2004)
species :
Vachellia edgeworthii (T.Anderson) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: E-Ethiopia; Somalia; Soqotra; NE-Kenya; Yemen (Aden Desert)
24 ETH SOC SOM 25 KEN 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia balfourii Woodrow; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 429 (1898)
= Acacia bricchettiana Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 13: 396 (1915)
= Acacia edgeworthii T.Anderson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: (1860) Suppl. 18
= Acacia erioloba Edgew.; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 16: (1847) 1215
= Acacia erythraea Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 163 (1929)
= Acacia gloveri Gilliland; Kew Bull. 1951: 139 (1951)
= Acacia humifusa Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 163 (1929), nom. illeg.
= Acacia pseudosocotrana Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 161 (1929)
= Acacia socotrana Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 11: 511 (1882)
= Acacia sultani Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 162 (1929)
= Vachellia bricchettiana (Chiov.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 511 (2013)
species :
Vachellia elatior (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. elatior
Distribution: Kenya; N-Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia elatior Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 94 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. turkanae (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya
24 SSU 25 KEN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia elatior subsp. turkanae Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 95 (1957)
species :
Vachellia erioloba (E.Mey.) P.J.H.Hurter; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Name: Camel Thorn
Distribution: S-Angola; S-Zambia; S-Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia erioloba E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 171 (1836)
= Acacia giraffae Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 1054 (1809)
= Mimosa cameleopardalis Barrow; Voy. Cochinchina: 388 (1806)
= Mimosa giraffae Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
= Vachellia erioloba (E.Mey.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 92(1): 94 (2010), isonym
species :
Vachellia erythrophloea (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: W-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia erythrophloea Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 76 (1957)
species :
Vachellia etbaica (Schweinf.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. etbaica
Distribution: Egypt; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia
20 EGY 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia etbaica Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 330, t. 7, 8
subspecies :
subsp. australis (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia etbaica subsp. australis Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 92 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. platycarpa (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia etbaica subsp. platycarpa Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 93 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. uncinata (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen)
20 EGY 24 ETH SOM 25 KEN UGA 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia etbaica subsp. uncinata Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 91 (1957)
species :
Vachellia exuvialis (I.Verd.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 512 (2013)
Name: Flaky Thorn
Distribution: S-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
26 ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia exuvialis I.Verd.; Bothalia 6: 154 (1951)
species :
Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 272 (1834)
Name: Aroma, Cashia, Opoponax (Bahamas), Aroma, Aroma amarilla, Aroma de agujas, Aroma prieta, Aromo amarillo, Aromo oloroso, Cuji, Guichacho (Cuba), Aroma, Bayahonda, Cambron, Carambomba (Dominican Republic), Bayahonda carambomba (Haiti), Cassie flower (Jamaica), Acacia odorant, Acacia jaune, Sweet cassia, Zakasya (Lesser Antilles), Aroma (Puerto Rico), Casha (Virgin Isl.)
Distribution: Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Greece [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Egypt [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I], Sao Vicente Isl. [I], Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I], Sal Isl. [I], Ilha da Boa Vista [I], Ilha de Maio [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I], Fogo Isl. [I], Ilha Brava [I]); Gambia [I]; Guinea [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; São Tomé [I]; Equatorial Guinea [I]; Ethiopia; Uganda [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], KwaZulu-Natal [I]); Madagascar [I]; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [I] (Juan de Nova Isl. [I]); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Agalega Isl. [I]; Seychelles [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Iran [I]; Lebanon [I]; Syria [I]; Israel [I]; Sinai peninsula [I]; Jordania [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hainan [I], Henan [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I]); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Bihar [I], Chhattisgarh [I], Delhi [I], Jharkhand [I], Karnataka [I], Kerala [I], Madhya Pradesh [I], Maharashtra [I], Rajasthan [I], Tamil Nadu [I], West Bengal [I]); Maldives [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Andaman Isl. [I] (South Andamans [I]); Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I] (Penang Isl. [I], Pahan [I], Selangor [I]); Sulawesi [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Cocos [Keeling] Isl. [I]; New Guinea [I]; Solomon Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Fiji [I]; Gilbert Isl. [I] (Tarawa [I], Nikunau [I]); Nauru [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Aitutaki [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Pou [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Agrihan [I], Saipan [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Pohnpei [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, South Carolina, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Revillagigedos Isl. [I] (Isla Socorro [I]); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl.; Anguilla; St. Barthélémy; Saba; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; Antigua; Barbuda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenadines; St. Vincent; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Nariño, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Merida, Tachira); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Amambay, Canindeyu, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Salto); Argentina (Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Misiones)
12 fra spa 13 grc ita sic 20 alg egy lby mor tun 21 cny cvi mdr 22 ben gam gha gui tog 23 bio eqg sao 24 ETH 25 tan uga 26 ang moz zim 27 saf 29 aga mau mci mdg reu rod sey 34 eai irn isr jor leb sin syr 36 chi 38 tai 40 ban bhu ind mdv nep pak srl 41 and cbd lao mya tha vie 42 cki jaw mly nwg phi sul 43 sol 50 aus 60 fij gil nru nwc van 61 coo mrq sci 62 gum mic mrn 63 haw 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX rgi 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA AGU BAH BBD CAY CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB SBA STE STK STL STV TCI TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia acicularis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1056 (1809)
= Acacia adenocarpa Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 924 (1843)
= Acacia armata B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 2564 (1830), nomen
= Acacia aurea Noronha ex Hoeven & de Vriese; Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 11: 128, 216 (1844)
= Acacia burmanniana DC.; Prodr. 2: 461 (1825)
= Acacia burmanniana var. triflora Hassk.; Flora 25(2, Beibl. 1): 107 (1842)
= Acacia coriaria Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 5264B (1831), nomen
= Acacia cornigera var. indica DC.; Prodr. 2: 460 (1825)
= Acacia densiflora (Alexander) Cory; Rhodora 38: 406 (1936)
= Acacia edulis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Enum. Hort Berol. 1056 (1809)
= Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1083 (1806)
= Acacia farnesiana f. pedunculata (Willd.) Kuntze; Rev. gen. pl. 3(2): 47 (1898)
= Acacia farnesiana var. curvispina DC. ex Corrie; Miller´s Dict. Gard.: 34 (1834)
= Acacia farnesiana var. heterocarpa Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 47 (1898)
= Acacia farnesiana var. lenticellata (F.Muell.) F.M.Bailey; Compr. Cat. Queensland Pl. 164 (1913)
= Acacia farnesiana var. pedunculata (Willd.) Corrie; Miller´s Dict. Gard.: 34 (1834)
= Acacia ferox M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 10: II. 312 (1843)
= Acacia guttata Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl.-Kult.: 201, 125 (1824)
= Acacia indica Desv.; J. Bot. Agric. 3: 69 (1814)
= Acacia lenticellata F.Muell.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 147 (1859)
= Acacia minuta subsp. densiflora (Alexander ex Small) R.M.Beauch.; Phytologia 46(1): 7 (1980)
= Acacia parvifolia Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 7 (1840), nomen
= Acacia pedunculata Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1084 (1806)
= Acacia smallii Isely; Sida 3: 384 (1969)
= Farnesia odora Gasp.; Descourt. Nuov. Gen. (1838), nom. illeg.
= Mimosa acicularis (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
= Mimosa caesia Burm.f.; Fl. Indica: 224 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Mimosa edulis Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
= Mimosa farnesiana L.; Sp. Pl.: 521 (1753)
= Mimosa indica Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 266 (1806)
= Mimosa leptophylla Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
= Mimosa pedunculata (Willd.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 81 (1810)
= Mimosa scorpioides Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. p. 77 (1775)
= Mimosa suaveolens Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 325 (1796) non Sm. 1791
= Mimosa tortuosa Burm.f.; Fl. Indica: 224 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Pithecellobium acuminatum M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 18: 38 (1933)
= Poponax farnesiana (L.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Vachellia densiflora Alexander; Small, Man. Southeast. Fl. 655 (1933)
variant :
var. minuta (M.E.Jones) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 157 (2006)
Distribution: USA (California: San Diego Co.); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia farnesiana subsp. minuta (M.E.Jones) Ebinger, Seigler & H.D.Clarke; Southw. Naturalist 47(1): 90 (2002)
= Acacia minuta (M.E.Jones) R.M.Beauch.; Phytologia 46(1): 5 (1980)
= Pithecellobium minutum M.E.Jones; Contrib. West. Bot. No. 18, 38 (1935)
variant :
var. pinetorum (F.J.Herm.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 157 (2006)
Name: Pineland wattle
Distribution: USA (S-Florida, Florida Keys)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia farnesiana subsp. pinetorum (F.J.Herm.) Ebinger, Seigler & H.D.Clarke; Southw. Naturalist 47(1): 90 (2002)
= Acacia pinetorum F.J.Herm.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 38: 237 (1948)
= Vachellia insularis Small; Small, Man. Southeast. Fl. 655 (1933)
= Vachellia peninsularis Small; Small, Man. Southeast. Fl. 654 (1933)
species :
Vachellia fischeri (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia fischeri Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 365 (1914)
species :
Vachellia flava (Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (SE-Egypt, NE-Egypt, Desert Oases); Mauritania; Mali; Burkina Faso; N-Ivory Coast; Benin; Niger; Chad (incl. Tibesti); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Iran (S-Iran); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Dahana, Asir, Nafud, Nejd); Qatar; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert, W-Yemen: Tihama, W-Yemen)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR 22 BEN BKN IVO MLI MTN NGR 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SSU SUD 34 IRN SIN 35 OMA QAT SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ehrenbergiana Hayne; Arzneigew. 10, t. 29 (1827)
= Acacia ehrenbergii T.Nees; M. F. Weihe et al., Pl. Officin.: t. 334 (1828)
= Acacia flava (Forssk.) Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4, App. 2, 214 (1896) (non Spreng. 1826)
= Mimosa flava Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 176 (1775) (syn. subst.)
species :
Vachellia gentlei (Standl.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 158 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatan); N-Guatemala; Belize; Honduras
79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gentlei Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 77 (1940)
species :
Vachellia gerrardii (Benth.) P.J.H.Hurter; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Name: Red Thorn
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Benin; Nigeria; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; SW-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 BEN BKN NGA 23 CAF RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gerrardii Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 508 (1875)
= Acacia hebecladoides Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 208 (1905)
= Acacia subtomentosa De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 67 (1925)
variant :
var. calvescens (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gerrardii var. calvescens Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 370 (1957 publ. 1958)
variant :
var. latisiliqua (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gerrardii var. latisiliqua Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 369 (1957 publ. 1958)
variant :
var. najdensis (Chaudhary) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: Iraq (S-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Kuwait; Yemen (N-Inner Yemen)
34 IRQ ISR JOR SIN 35 KUW SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gerrardii subsp. negevensis Zohary; Israel J. Bot. 13: 39 (1965)
= Acacia gerrardii var. najdensis Chaudhary; Acacia & other Mimosoideae Saudi Arabia: 28 (1983)
= Acacia iraqensis Rech.f.; Anz. Oesterr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat., ci. 16 (1964)
= Acacia pachyceras O.Schwartz; Mitt. Inst. Allgem. Bot. Hamburg 10: 85 (1939) (if synonymy is confirmed, this name would have priority
= Acacia pachyceras var. najdensis (Chaudhary) Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 336 (1995)
= Vachellia gerrardii subsp. negevensis (Zohary) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
species :
Vachellia glandulifera (S.Watson) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 158 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia glandulifera S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 25: 147 (1890)
= Poponax glandulifera (S.Watson) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 88 (1928)
species :
Vachellia globulifera (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 158 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras
79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia donnelliana Saff.; J. Wash. Acad Sci. 4: 361 (1914)
= Acacia globulifera Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 360 (1914)
= Myrmecodendron donnellianum (Saff.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
= Myrmecodendron globuliferum (Saff.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
species :
Vachellia grandicornuta (Gerstner) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 92(1): 94 (2010)
Name: Horned Thorn
Distribution: S-Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; Botswana; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia grandicornuta Gerstner; J. South Afr. Bot. 4: 55 (1938)
species :
Vachellia guanacastensis (H.D.Clarke, Seigler & Ebinger) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 159 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Venezuela [I]
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA 82 ven
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia farnesiana var. guanacastensis H.D.Clarke, Seigler & Ebinger; Syst. Bot. 14(4): 562 (1989)
= Acacia guanacastensis (H.D.Clarke, Seigler & Ebinger) Ebinger, Seigler & H.D.Clarke; Syst. Bot. 25(4): 610 (2000)
species :
Vachellia gummifera (Willd.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gummifera Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1056 (1806)
= Mimosa gummifera Brouss. ex Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 1: 64 (1811)
species :
Vachellia haematoxylon (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 92(1): 94 (2010)
Name: Grey Camel Thorn
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia atomiphylla Burch.; Trav. 1: 341 (1822)
= Acacia haematoxylon Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1056 (1809)
= Mimosa haematoxylon (Willd.) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
species :
Vachellia harala (Thulin & Al-Gifri) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: S-Yemen
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia harala Thulin & Al-Gifri; Nordic J. Bot. 20(6): 691 (2000 publ. 2001)
species :
Vachellia harmandiana (Pierre) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 42 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam
27 saf 41 CBD LAO THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia harmandiana (Pierre) Gagnep.; Lecomte, Not. Syst. 2: 115 (1911)
= Acacia siamensis Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 393 (1927)
= Delaportea armata Thorel ex Gagnep.; Lecomte, Not. Syst 2: 118 (1911)
= Pithecellobium harmandianum Pierre; Fl. Forest. Cochinch., t. 394 A. (1899)
= Pithecellobium mekongense Pierre; Fl. Forest. Cochinch., t. 396 B. (1899)
species :
Vachellia hebeclada (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. hebeclada
Name: Candle Thorn
Distribution: Angola; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia hebeclada DC.; Cat. Hort. Monsp. 73 (1813)
= Acacia hebeclada var. stolonifera (Burch.) Dinter
= Acacia stolonifera Burch.; Trav. 2: 241 (1824)
= Mimosa hebeclada (DC.) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 529 (1817)
subspecies :
subsp. chobiensis (O.B.Mill.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Name: River Candle Thorn
Distribution: S-Angola; S-Zambia; S-Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana
26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia hebeclada subsp. chobiensis (O.B.Mill.) A.Schreib.; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 6: 251 (1966)
= Acacia stolonifera var. chobiensis O.B.Mill.; J. S. African Bot. 18: 25 (1952)
subspecies :
subsp. tristis (A.Schreib.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Name: Weeping Candle Thorn
Distribution: Angola; Namibia
26 ANG 27 NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia hebeclada subsp. tristis A.Schreib.; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 6: 251 (1966)
= Acacia tristis (A.Schreib.) Welw. ex Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 349 (1871)
species :
Vachellia hindsii (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 159 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Yucatan); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bursaria Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 363 (1913)
= Acacia hindsii Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 504 (1842)
= Acacia sinaloensis Saff.; J. Wash. Acad Sci. 4: 365 (1914)
= Acacia tepicana Saff.; J. Wash. Acad Sci. 4: 366 (1914)
= Myrmecodendron hindsii (Benth.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 91 (1928)
species :
Vachellia hockii (De Wild.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 92(1): 94 (2010)
Distribution: Guinea; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; SW-Chad; ?Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
22 BEN BKN GHA GUI IVO NGA TOG 23 CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia atacorensis Aubrév. & Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 84: 465 (1937 publ. 1938)
= Acacia boboensis Aubrév.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 19: 484 (1939)
= Acacia chariensis A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 958 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Acacia flava var. atacorensis (Aubrév. & Pellegr.) Aubrév.; Fl. Forest. Soudano-Guin.: 275 (1950)
= Acacia hockii De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 502 (1913)
= Acacia holstii Taub.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 194 (1895)
= Acacia seyal var. multijuga Schweinf. ex Baker f.; Legum. Trop. Africa 3: 844 (1930)
= Acacia stenocarpa var. chariensis (A.Chev.) Aubrév.; Fl. Forest. Soudano-Guin.: 275 (1950)
species :
Vachellia horrida (L.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. horrida
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu); Myanmar; Uruguay [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I])
40 IND 41 MYA 85 cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia dumosa Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 274 (1834)
= Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1077 (1806)
= Acacia latronum (L.f.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1077 (1806)
= Acacia umbraculata Wight; Wall., Numer. List no. 5245 (1831)
= Mimosa cornigera L.f.; Suppl. 438 (1782) non L. 1753
= Mimosa eburnea Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30: 507 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Mimosa horrida L.; Sp. Pl. 521 (1753)
= Mimosa latronum L.f.; Suppl. 438 (1782)
= Mimosa leucacantha Jacq.; Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3: 75 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. benadirensis (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 513 (2013)
Distribution: South Sudan; S-Ethiopia; ?Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; NE-Uganda; Kenya; N-Tanzania
24 DJI ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia benadirensis (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) Chiov.; Fl. Somala 2: 183 (1932)
= Acacia bussei var. benadirensis Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt; Miss. Stefanini-Paoli Bot.: 72 (1916)
= Acacia horrida subsp. benadirensis (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) Hillc. & Brenan; Kew Bull. 13: 40 (1958)
= Acacia latronum subsp. benadirensis (Harms ex Y.Sjöstedt) Brenan; Kew Bull. 11: 191 (1956)
species :
Vachellia hunteri (Oliv.) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: Yemen
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia hunteri Oliv.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 14: t. 1350 (1881)
species :
Vachellia hydaspica (J.R.Drumm. ex R.Parker) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran); Pakistan (Peshawar, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Baluchistan); India (Punjab)
34 IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia hydaspica J.R.Drumm. ex Parker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 309 (1921)
= Vachellia hydaspica (J.R.Drumm. ex R.Parker) Ali; Pakistan J. Bot. 46(1): 3 (2014), isonym
species :
Vachellia inopinata (Prain) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 42 (2013)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan)
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia inopinata Prain; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 66: 507 (1897)
= Nimiria inopinata (Prain) Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 393, in obs. (1927)
species :
Vachellia insulae-jacobi (L.Riley) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 160 (2006)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia insulae-iacobi L.Riley; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 220 (1925)
species :
Vachellia jacquemontii (Benth.) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind, Pakistani Punjab); India (Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia jacquemontii Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 499 (1842)
= Vachellia jacquemontii (Benth.) Ali; Pakistan J. Bot. 46(1): 3 (2014), isonym
species :
Vachellia janzenii (Ebinger & Seigler) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 160 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia janzenii Ebinger & Seigler; Southwest. Nat. 32(2): 245 (1987)
species :
Vachellia johnwoodii (Boulos) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 176 (2014)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen
35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia abyssinica var. macroloba Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 212 (1896)
= Acacia johnwoodii Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 327 (1995)
species :
Vachellia karroo (Hayne) Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 149(1): 149 (2008)
Name: Sweet Thorn
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; Corsica [I]; Sicily [I]; Greece [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; SW-Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; Turkey [I]; India [I] (West Bengal [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Bolivia [I]; Chile [I] (Tarapacá [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I])
12 bal cor por spa 13 grc sic 20 alg lby mor tun 26 ANG MOZ ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 28 sth 29 mau 34 tur 40 ind 50 aus 83 bol 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia capensis (Burm.f.) Burch.; Trav. S. Africa 1: 195 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Acacia dekindtiana A.Chev.; Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 27: 509 (1947)
= Acacia hirtella E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 167 (1836)
= Acacia horrida var. transvaalensis Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1908: 158 (1908)
= Acacia incomparabilis Gerstner; J. S. African Bot. 14: 24 (1948)
= Acacia karroo Hayne; Arzneigew. 10: t. 33 (1825), et Getreue Darstell. Gew. 10: tab. 33 (1827)
= Acacia karroo var. transvaalensis (Burtt Davy) Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 328 (1922)
= Acacia reticulata (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1056 (1806)
= Mimosa capensis Burm.f.; Fl. Cap. Prod. 31 (1768)
= Mimosa reticulata L.; Mant. 1: 129 (1767)
species :
Vachellia kingii (Prain) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 42 (2013)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan, Magway)
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia kingii Prain; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pl. 2, Nat. Hist. 66: 506 (1897)
= Calliandra kingii Prain ex S.R.Paul & T.Husain; Feddes Repert. 97(11-12): 759 (1986)
species :
Vachellia kirkii (Oliv.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Name: Flood-plains Thorn
Distribution: Guinea; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana
22 GUI 23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia harmsiana Dinter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 80 (1917)
= Acacia kirkii Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 350 (1871)
= Acacia kirkii var. intermedia Brenan; Kew Bull. 12(3): 363 (1958)
= Acacia nilotica var. kirkii (Oliv.) Roberty
= Acacia verrucifera Harms; Warb., Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 17 (1903)
variant :
var. mildbraedii (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola
23 RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia kirkii subsp. mildbraedii (Harms) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 364 (1957 publ. 1958)
= Acacia mildbraedii Harms; Wiss. Ergebn Deutsch. Zentr. Afr. Exped. 1907-8 2: 234 (1911)
= Acacia semlikiensis De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 64 (1925)
variant :
var. sublaevis (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda
23 ZAI 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia kirkii var. sublaevis Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 363 (1957 publ. 1958)
species :
Vachellia koltermanii R.G.García, M.M.Mejía & Seigler; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 6(1): 45 (2012)
Distribution: Haiti
81 HIS
species :
Vachellia kosiensis (P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
26 MOZ 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia kosiensis P.P.Sw.; Trees of Southern Africa, ed. 3: 286 (2002)
species :
Vachellia lahai (Steud. & Hochst. ex Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; NE-Uganda; Kenya; N-Tanzania; Yemen (W-Yemen)
24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia fasciculata R.Br.; Salt, Voy. Abyss., App. 4: lxv (1814), nom. illeg.
= Acacia lahai Steud. & Hochst. ex Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 506 (1842)
= Acacia saltiana Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 8 (1840)
species :
Vachellia lasiopetala (Oliv.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; SW-Tanzania; Malawi; N-Mozambique
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia lasiopetala Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliv. et al.] 2: 346 (1871)
species :
Vachellia latispina (J.E.Burrows & S.M.Burrows) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: Mozambique
26 MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia latispina J.E.Burrows & S.M.Burrows; Bothalia 39(2): 222 (2009)
species :
Vachellia leucophloea (Roxb.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 42 (2013)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab); India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Sagaing, Magway, Mandalay, Shan); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Timor)
29 mau 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia alba (Rottler) Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 68 (1809)
= Acacia arcuata Decne.; Herb. Timor.: 133 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Acacia decaisnei Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 4 (1840)
= Acacia densa Wall.; Numer. List no. 5262 (1831), nomen
= Acacia explanata Jungh.; Reise, 260 (1845)
= Acacia explanata Jungh. ex Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 9 (1855)
= Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1083 (1806)
= Acacia media Colla; Herb. Pedem. 2: 262 (1834)
= Acacia melanochaetes Zoll.; Nat. en Geneesk. Arch. Neel. Indie 3: 80 (1846)
= Delaportea ferox Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 99: 47 (1952)
= Delaportea microphylla Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 99: 46 (1952)
= Mimosa alba Roxb. ex Rottler; Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. Neue Schr. 4: 208 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Mimosa horrida Russell ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 5261 E (1831), nomen
= Mimosa leucophloea Roxb.; Pl. Corom. 2: 27, t. 150 (1799)
variant :
var. microcephala (Kurz) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 43 (2013)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia leucophloea var. microcephala Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 45: 297 (1877)
= Acacia microcephala Graham; Wall., Numer. List no. 5263 (1831), nomen
species :
Vachellia leucospira (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia leucospira Brenan; Kew Bull. 1958: 407 (1959)
species :
Vachellia luederitzii (Engl.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Name: False Umbrella Thorn
Distribution: S-Zambia; W-Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia luederitzii Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. 10: 23 (1889)
= Acacia goeringii Schinz; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 30: 239 (1888)
variant :
var. retinens (Sim) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Name: Belly Thorn
Distribution: Angola; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 ANG 27 BOT SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gillettiae Burtt Davy; Man. Fl. Pl. & Ferns Transvaal, Pt. II. p. 17: 343 (1932)
= Acacia luederitzii var. retinens (Sim) R.Ross & Brenan; Kew Bull. 21: 72 (1967)
= Acacia retinens Sim; For. Fl. Port. E. Afr. 57 (1909)
species :
Vachellia macracantha (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87: 160 (2005 publ. 2006)
Name: Stink casha, Wild tamarind, Tusca, Porknut, Guatapana (Cuba), Acacia, Aroma, Cambron, Cambrona, Carambomba (Dominican Republic), Carambouba (Haiti), Park nut (Jamaica), Acacia piquant, Acacia savane, Briar (Lesser Antilles), Tamarindo silvestre (Puerto Rico), Stink casa, Wild tamarind (Virgin Isl.)
Distribution: USA (Florida); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Veracruz, Yucatan); Honduras; Panama; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl.; Anguilla; St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Eustatius; Antigua; Barbuda; Guadeloupe; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenadines; Grenada; Barbados; Trinidad; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta); Colombia (Cundinamarca, Huila, Tolima); Isla Margarita; Guyana [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Chile [I] (Arica y Parinacota [I], Tarapacá [I])
78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON PAN 81 ABA AGU BAH BBD CUB GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE STE STL STM STV TCI TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM frg guy 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia cowellii (Britton & Rose) León; Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Col. ´de la Salle´, Habana, No. 9, 8 (1950)
= Acacia flexuosa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1082 (1806)
= Acacia flexuosa var. ambigua DC.; Prodr. 2: 463 (1825)
= Acacia flexuosa var. lasiocarpa Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 7: 63 (1857)
= Acacia humboldtii Desv.; Prod. Fl. Ind. Occ. 60 (1825)
= Acacia lutea (Mill.) Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 327 (1889)
= Acacia macracantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1080 (1806), nom. cons.
= Acacia macracantha var. glabra Kitan.; God. Sofiisk. Univ. Biol. Fak., 2, Bot. Mikrobiol. Fiziol. Biokhim. Rast. 66: 31 (1974)
= Acacia macracantha var. glabrescens Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. I. 222 (1860)
= Acacia macracanthoides Bertero; DC. Prod. 2: 463 (1825)
= Acacia microcephala Macfad.; Fl. Jamaic. 1: 316 (1837)
= Acacia obtusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1087 (1806)
= Acacia pellacantha Vogel; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 19 (1843)
= Acacia platyacantha Schltdl.; Linnaea 12: 565 (1838)
= Acacia punctata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1084 (1806)
= Acacia subinermis Bertero ex DC.; Prodr. 2: 463 (1825)
= Mimosa atomaria Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 81 (1810)
= Mimosa flexuosa (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 79 (1810)
= Mimosa lutea Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 17 (1768)
= Mimosa macracantha (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 78 (1810)
= Mimosa obtusa (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 1: 82 (1811)
= Mimosa pellacantha Meyen; Observ. Bot. 1: 445 (1834)
= Poponax cowellii Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 89 (1928)
= Poponax flexuosa (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Britton & Rose ex Britton & Killip; Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 35: (Mimos. & Caesalpin. Colombia) 139 (1936)
= Poponax lutea (Mill.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 90 (1928)
= Poponax macacranthoides (Bertero) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 89 (1928)
= Poponax macracantha (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Killip; Caribbean Forester 9: 241 (1948)
= Poponax macracanthoides (Bertero ex DC.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 89 (1928)
= Vachellia flexuosa (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Forero & C.Romero; Estud. Legum. Colomb. 2: 186 (2009)
= Vachellia lutea (Mill.) Speg.; Bol. Acad. Ci. Cordoba 26: 301 (1924)
species :
Vachellia malacocephala (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: W-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia malacocephala Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 364 (1914)
species :
Vachellia mayana (Lundell) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 163 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz); Guatemala; ?Belize
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia mayana Lundell; Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. No. 478 (Veg. Peten) 210 (1937)
species :
Vachellia mbuluensis (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Distribution: N-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia mbuluensis Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 79 (1957)
species :
Vachellia melanoceras (Beurl.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 163 (2006)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia melanoceras Beurl.; Vet. Akad. Handl. Stockh. 53 (1854)
= Acacia melanoceroides Beurl.; Vet. Akad. Handl. Stockh. 53 (1854)
= Acacia multiglandulosa Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 362 (1913)
= Myrmecodendron melanoceras (Beurl.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
species :
Vachellia myaingii (Lace) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 43 (2013)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan)
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia myaingii Lace; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 114 (1915)
species :
Vachellia myrmecophila (R.Vig.) Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179(2): 293 (2015)
Distribution: S-Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia myrmecophila R.Vig.; Notul. Syst. (Paris), ed. Humbert 13: 334 (1949)
species :
Vachellia natalitia (E.Mey.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013)
Name: Natal Thorn
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia natalitia E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 167 (1836)
species :
Vachellia nebrownii (Burtt Davy) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 92(1): 95 (2010)
Name: Water Thorn
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo)
26 ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia glandulifera Schinz; Mém. Herb. Boissier 1: 111 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Acacia nebrownii Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 50 (1921)
= Acacia rogersii Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 331 (1922)
= Acacia walteri Suess.; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München, Heft 8, 333 (1953), nom. illeg.
= Poponax glandulifera (Schinz) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 88 (1928)
species :
Vachellia negrii (Pic.Serm.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Saudi Arabia (Asir)
24 ETH 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia negrii Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7, Ricerche Bot. Pt. 1, 55 (1951)
species :
Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. nilotica
Name: Gum arabic tree (Bahamas), Acacia de Cayenne, Black piquant, Casha, Cassie (Lesser Antilles), Goma arabica, Goma de acacia (Puerto Rico), Amrad gum, Gum arabic tree (Virgin Isl.)
Distribution: Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Soqotra [I]; Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Dahana); Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); Honduras [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; St. Barthélémy [I]; Antigua [I]; Barbuda [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Grenadines [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]
20 EGY 22 BEN GAM MTN NGA NGR SEN 24 CHA ETH soc SUD 34 IRN SIN 35 OMA SAU YEM 80 hon 81 aba bah bbd cub gdl gre jam mar mts pue sba stl stv trt vir 82 clm 83 ecu gal
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica var. nilotica (L.) Benth.; London J. Bot. 1: 500 (1842)
= Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile; Descr. Egypt, Hist. Nat.: 79 (1813)
= Acacia pseudoarabica Blume ex Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 8 (1855)
= Acacia scorpioides (L.) W.Wight; Contr. U. S. Natl, Herb. 9: 173 (1905)
= Acacia scorpioides subsp. nilotica (L.) Quézel & Santa; Nouv. Fl. Algerie: 557 (1962) (comb. inval.)
= Acacia scorpioides var. nilotica (L.) A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 954 (1927)
= Acacia vera Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 95 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Acacia vera Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 4: 1085 (1806)
= Gumifera nilotica (L.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Gumifera vera (Willd.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Mimosa nilotica L.; Sp. Pl.: 521 (1753)
= Mimosa scorpioides L.; Sp. Pl.: 521 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. adstringens (Schumach.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: ?Libya; Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Malawi; Mauritius [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Iran; Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Pakistani Punjab, etc.); India (Gujarat, Maharashtra)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI MTN NGA NGR SEN TOG 24 CHA SSU SUD 26 MLW 29 mau rod 34 IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia adansonii Guill. & Perr.; Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 249 (1832)
= Acacia adstringens (Schumach.) Berhaut; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 102: 214 (1955), nom. illeg.
= Acacia albida var. adstringens (Schumach.) Baker f.
= Acacia arabica var. adansoniana Dubard; Y. Henry & P. Ammann, Acacias Tanin: 8 (1913)
= Acacia arabica var. adansonii (Guill. & Perr.) A.Chev.; Explor. Bot. Afrique Occ. Franç. 1: 244 (1920)
= Acacia arabica var. adstringens (Schumach.) Baker f.; Legum. Trop. Africa 3: 849 (1930)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. adansonii (Guill. & Perr.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 85 (1957)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. adstringens (Schumach.) Roberty; Candollea 11. 50 (1948)
= Acacia nilotica var. adansoniana (Dubard) A.F.Hill; Bot. Mus. Leafl. 8: 99 (1940)
= Acacia nilotica var. adansonii (Guill. & Perr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 156 (1891)
= Acacia scorpioides subsp. adstringens (Schumach.) Quézel & Santa; Nouv. Fl. Algerie: 557 (1962) (inval.)
= Acacia scorpioides var. adstringens (Schumach.) A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 954 (1927)
= Mimosa adstringens Schumach.; Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 327 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. cupressiformis (J.L.Stewart) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 177 (2014)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica var. cupressiformis J.L.Stewart; Punjab PI.: 51 (1869)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (J.L.Stewart) Ali & Faruqi; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79(3): 708 (1982 publ. 1983)
= Acacia nilotica var. cupressiformis (J.L.Stewart) Vajr. & Kamble; J. Bombay Nat. Hist Soc. 79: 708 (1983)
= Vachellia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (J.L.Stewart) Ali; Pakistan J. Bot. 46(1): 2 (2014), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. indica (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Egypt [I]; Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Sal Isl. [I], Ilha da Boa Vista [I], Ilha de Maio [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I], Fogo Isl. [I]); São Tomé [I]; Sudan [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Tanzania [I]; Angola [I]; Pakistan (Jhelum, Lahore, etc.); India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Myanmar (Magway, Mandalay); Vietnam [I]; Java; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); New Caledonia [I]
20 egy 21 cvi 23 sao 24 eth sud 25 tan 26 ang 40 BAN IND PAK srl 41 AND MYA vie 42 JAW 50 aus 60 nwc
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica var. indica Benth.; Hook., Lond. J. B. 1: 500 (1842)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. hemisphaerica Ali & Faruqi; Pakistan J. Bot. 1: 4 (1969)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 84 (1957)
= Acacia nilotica var. indica (Benth.) A.F.Hill; Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ.: 99 (1940)
= Vachellia nilotica subsp. hemispherica (Ali & Faruqi) Ali; Pakistan J. Bot. 46(1): 2 (2014), isonym
= Vachellia nilotica subsp. hemispherica (Ali & Faruqi) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 177 (2014)
subspecies :
subsp. kraussiana (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Angola; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; India (Gujarat)
26 ANG 27 NAM SAF SWZ 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica var. kraussiana Benth.; Hook., London J. Bot. 1: 500 (1842)
= Acacia benthamii Rochebr.; Toxicol. Afr. 2: 192 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana (Benth.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 84 (1957)
= Acacia nilotica var. kraussiana (Benth.) A.F.Hill; Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ.: 99 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. leiocarpa (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia nilotica subsp. leiocarpa Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 84 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. subulata (Vatke) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Madagascar [I]; Pakistan (Karachi); India (Gujarat, Maharashtra)
24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 29 mdg 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica var. vediana T.Cooke; Fl. Bombay 1: 444 (1903)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. subulata (Vatke) Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 85 (1957)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. vediana (Cooke) Vajr. & Kamble; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79(3): 708 (1982 publ. 1983)
= Acacia subulata Vatke; Oesterr. Bot. Zeit. 30: 276 (1880)
= Acacia teitensis Taub.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. A (1895) 49 nomen
subspecies :
subsp. tomentosa (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: ?Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Egypt; Mauritania; Senegal; Ghana; Nigeria; Central African Republic; Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; ?Angola; Malawi; India (Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan)
20 ALG EGY LBY 22 GHA MTN NGA SEN 23 CAF 24 CHA DJI ETH SUD 26 MLW 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4(2): 1085 (1806)
= Acacia arabica var. tomentosa Benth.; Hook., London J. Bot. 1: 500 (1842)
= Acacia nebneb Adans.; Hist. Acad. Roy. Sci. (Paris) 1773: 4 (1773)
= Acacia nilotica subsp. tomentosa (Benth.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 84 (1957)
= Acacia nilotica var. tomentosa (Benth.) A.F.Hill; Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 8: 98 (1940)
= Acacia scorpioides var. pubescens A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 954 (1927)
= Gumifera arabica (Lam.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Mimosa arabica Lam.; Encycl. 1(1): 19 (1783)
species :
Vachellia oerfota (Forssk.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); NE-Chad (Ennedi); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Iran (S-Iran); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); India (Rajasthan)
20 EGY 24 CHA DJI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 34 IRN 35 SAU YEM 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia aucheri Benth.; Hook., London J. Bot. 1: 499 (1842)
= Acacia gorinii Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 194 (1932)
= Acacia merkeri Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 208 (1905)
= Acacia nubica Benth.; Hook., London J. Bot. 1: 498 (1842)
= Acacia nubica var. erythraea Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 338 (1868)
= Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf.; Bull, Herb. Boiss. 4, app. 2: 213 (1896)
= Acacia pterygocarpa Hochst. ex Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 5: 96 (1846)
= Mimosa oerfota Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 177 (1775)
= Vachellia nubica (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
variant :
var. brevifolia (Boulos) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Soqotra; Saudi Arabia; Oman; N-Yemen; S-Yemen
24 SOC SOM 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia oerfota var. brevifolia Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 334 (1995)
= Acacia sarcophylla Chiov.; Fl. Somala, 161 (1929)
species :
Vachellia origena (Hunde) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Yemen (N-Inner Yemen)
24 ETH 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia origena Hunde; Nord. J. Bot. 2: 337, f. 1 (1982)
species :
Vachellia ormocarpoides (P.J.H.Hurter) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 515 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa (Northern Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ormocarpoides P.J.H.Hurter; Bothalia 35(2): 167 (2005)
species :
Vachellia oviedoensis (R.G.García & M.M.Mejía) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 163 (2006)
Distribution: Dominican Republic
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia oviedoensis R.G.García & M.M.Mejia; Moscosoa 11: 7 (2000)
species :
Vachellia pacensis (Rudd & A.M.Carter) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 164 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pacensis Rudd & A.M.Carter; Madroño 30(3): 177 (1983)
species :
Vachellia pachyphloia (W.Fitzg.) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 236 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. pachyphloia
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pachyphloia Maiden & W.Fitzg. ex Maiden; J. Roy. Soc. N. S. Wales 51: 116 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. brevipinnula (Tindale & Kodela) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 236 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia: Prince Regent R. Reserve N to Port Warrender and Cape Londonderry, Mitchell Plateau)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pachyphloia subsp. brevipinnula Tindale & Kodela; Austral. Syst. Bot. 9(3): 314 (1996)
species :
Vachellia pallidifolia (Tindale) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 236 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory: S from near Darwin to the Victoria R. region)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia bidwillii var. major Benth.; Fl. Austral. 2: 421 (1864)
= Acacia pallida F.Muell.; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 147 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Acacia pallidifolia Tindale; Telopea 1(1): 82 (1975). nom. nov.
species :
Vachellia paolii (Chiov.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. paolii
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya
24 ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia paolii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 13: 395 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. paucijuga (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia paolii subsp. paucijuga Brenan; Kew Bull. 17: 165 (1963)
species :
Vachellia pennatula (Schltdl. & Cham.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 164 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Colombia (Cauca, Valle); Ecuador
79 MEX 80 GUA HON NIC 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia canescens (Britton) García-Barr. & Forero; Cat. Ilustr. Pl. Cundinamarca 3: 19 (1969), nom. illeg.
= Acacia cundinamarcensis R.P.Subhedar; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 86(2): 271 (1989)
= Acacia lanata M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 10: II. 315 (1843)
= Acacia pennatula (Schltdl. & Cham.) Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 390 (1842)
= Inga pennatula Schltdl. & Cham.; Linnaea 5: 593 (1830)
= Pithecellobium minutissimum M.E.Jones; Contrib. West. Bot. No. 18, 38 (1935)
= Poponax canescens Britton ex Britton & Killip; Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 35: (Mimos. & Caesalpin. Colombia) 139 (1936)
= Poponax pennatula (Schltdl. & Cham.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 88 (1928)
variant :
var. parvicephala (Seigler & Ebinger) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 164 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Yucatan); El Salvador; Honduras
79 MEX 80 ELS HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pennatula subsp. parvicephala Seigler & Ebinger; Syst. Bot. 13(1): 12 (1988)
species :
Vachellia pennivenia (Balf.f.) F.L.Anderson & Knees; Edinburgh J. Bot. 76(3): 314 (2019)
Distribution: Soqotra
24 SOC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pennivenia Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb. 12: 404 (1884)
species :
Vachellia permixta (Burtt Davy) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 515 (2013)
Name: Slender Thorn
Distribution: Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov.)
26 ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia permixta Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 330 (1922)
species :
Vachellia pilispina (Pic.Serm.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
23 ZAI 24 ETH 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pilispina Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 205 (1951)
species :
Vachellia planifrons (Wight & Arn.) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 177 (2014)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia planifrons Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 276 (1834)
= Mimosa caesia Russell ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 5264 C (1831), nomen
= Mimosa eburnea Roxb.; PI. Coromandel 2: 54, t. 199 (1805), non L.f. 1782
= Mimosa horrida Sm.; Rees, Cyclop.: 23 (1813), non L., 1753.
= Mimosa planifrons J.Koenig ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 276 (1834)
= Mimosa umbrifera Banks ex Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 276 (1834)
species :
Vachellia polypyrigenes (Greenm.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 165 (2006)
Name: Aroma de costa, Brasil, Platanillo, Platanillo Brasil (Cuba)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Conservation Status: threatened (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba)
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia cupeyensis León; Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Col. ´de la Salle´, Habana, No. 9, 8 (1950)
= Acacia curbeloi León; Contr. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Colegio "De La Salle" 10: 241 (1951)
= Acacia polypyrigenes Greenm. ex Combs; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 419 (1897)
= Poponax polypyrigenes (Greenm.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 89 (1928)
species :
Vachellia prasinata (Hunde) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia prasinata Hunde; Nordic J. Bot. 2(4): 341 (1982)
species :
Vachellia pringlei (Rose) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 165 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia californica subsp. pringlei (Rose) L.Rico; Checkl. Syn. Amer. Sp. Acacia 57 (2007)
= Acacia conzattii Standl.; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 186 (1919)
= Acacia pringlei Rose; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 316 (1895)
= Acacia sesquijuga (Britton & Rose) Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 4: 309 (1929)
= Acacia unijuga Rose; U. S. Dept. Agric. Contrib. Nat. Herb. 8: 32 (1903)
= Acaciopsis conzattii (Standl.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
= Acaciopsis pringlei (Rose) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
= Acaciopsis sesquijuga Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
= Acaciopsis unijuga (Rose) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
species :
Vachellia pseudoeburnea (J.R.Drumm. ex Dunn) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 177 (2014)
Distribution: India (Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pseudoeburnea J.R.Drumm. ex Dunn; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 185 (1922)
species :
Vachellia pseudofistula (Harms) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia pseudofistula Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 363 (1914)
species :
Vachellia qandalensis (Thulin) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia qandalensis Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(5): 513 (1998)
species :
Vachellia quintanilhae (Torre) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia quintanilhae Torre; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 36: 1 (1962)
species :
Vachellia quiterajoensis (Timberlake & Lötter) comb.ined.
Distribution: Mozambique
26 MOZ
Remarks: genus tentative
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia quiterajoensis Timberlake & Lötter; Trees Shrubs Mozambique 1041 (2018)
species :
Vachellia reficiens (Wawra & Peyr.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. reficiens
Name: Red Umbrella Thorn
Distribution: Angola; Namibia
26 ANG 27 NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia reficiens Wawra & Peyr.; Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 38: 555 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. misera (Vatke) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya
24 ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia misera Vatke; Oesterr. Bot. Zeit. 30: 275 (1880)
= Acacia reficiens subsp. misera (Vatke) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 90 (1957)
= Acacia stefaninii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 13: 395 (1915)
species :
Vachellia rehmanniana (Schinz) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Name: Silky Thorn
Distribution: Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo)
26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia rehmanniana Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 525 (1898)
= Acacia sieberiana var. rehmanniana (Schinz) Roberty; Candollea 11: 142 (1948)
species :
Vachellia rigidula (Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 166 (2006)
Name: Blackbrush acacia
Distribution: USA (S-Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia amentacea DC.; Prodr. 2: 455 (1825)
= Acacia rigidula Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 504 (1842)
= Acaciopsis amentacea (DC.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 95 (1928)
= Acaciopsis rigidula (Benth.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 94 (1928)
species :
Vachellia robbertsii (P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013) (´robbertsei´)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia robbertsii P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.; Trees S. Africa, ed. 3, 19 (2002)
species :
Vachellia robusta (Burch.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. robusta
Name: Ankle Thorn
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal)
26 ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia robusta Burch.; Trav. 2: 442 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. clavigera (E.Mey.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Name: Black Thorn
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia clavigera E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 168 (1836)
= Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera (E.Mey.) Brenan; Fl. Zambes. 3(1): 104 (1970)
= Acacia sambesiaca Schinz; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 78: 416 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. usambarensis (Taub.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Mozambique
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia clavigera subsp. usambarensis (Taub.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 369 (1957)
= Acacia robusta subsp. usambarensis (Taub.) Brenan; Fl. Zambes. 3(1): 104 (1970)
= Acacia sacleuxii A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appliq. 27: 509 (1947)
= Acacia usambarensis Taub.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C. 195 (1895)
species :
Vachellia roigii (León) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 166 (2006)
Name: Erizo (Cuba)
Distribution: Cuba (Las Tunas)
81 CUB
Conservation Status: endangered (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and IUCN CR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia roigii León; Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Col. de la Salle´, Habana, No. 9, 7 (1950)
species :
Vachellia rorudiana (Christoph.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 166 (2006)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia rorudiana Christoph.; Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk., Oslo 70: 76 (1932)
species :
Vachellia ruddiae (D.H.Janzen) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 166 (2006)
Distribution: Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ruddiae Janzen; Smithsonian Contrib. Bot., 1334 (1974)
species :
Vachellia schaffneri (S.Watson) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 167 (2006)
Name: Schaffner´s wattle
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia schaffneri (S.Watson) F.J.Herm.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 38: 236 (1948)
= Acacia subtortuosa Shafer; Britton & Shafer, N. Amer. Trees: 524 (1918)
= Pithecellobium schaffneri S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 17: 352 (1881 publ. 1882)
= Poponax schaffneri (S.Watson) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 89 (1928)
= Samanea schaffneri (S.Watson) J.F.Macbr.; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 59: 2 (1919)
species :
Vachellia schottii (Torr.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 167 (2006)
Name: Schott´s wattle (EN)
Distribution: USA (Texas: Brewster Co., Presidio Co.); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia schottii Torr.; Bot. Mex. Bound. 62 (1859)
= Acaciopsis schottii (Torr.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 96 (1928)
species :
Vachellia sekhukhuniensis (P.J.H.Hurter) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: South Africa (Northern Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia sekhukhuniensis P.J.H.Hurter; Bothalia 34(2): 109 (2004)
species :
Vachellia seyal (Delile) P.J.H.Hurter; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Distribution: S-Algeria; Egypt (Nile Valley); ?Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Chad (incl. Tibesti); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Yemen (Aden Desert, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); Pakistan [I]; India [c]
20 ALG EGY 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA MLI NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 CMN 24 CHA DJI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM 35 SAU YEM 40 ind pak
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia flava var. seyal (Delile) Roberty
= Acacia giraffa Sieber ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 5 (1840)
= Acacia giraffae Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 238 (1847)
= Acacia seyal Delile; Descr. Egypte, hist. Nat.: 286 (1814)
= Acacia seyal var. kassonionga De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 65 (1925)
= Acacia seyal var. lescrauwaetii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., ser. 5, 2: 128 (1907)
= Acacia seyal var. seretii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., ser. 5, 2: 128 (1907)
= Acacia stenocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 238 (1847)
= Mimosa seyal (Delile) DC.; Prodr. 2: 472 (1825)
variant :
var. fistula (Schweinf.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Zambia; Mozambique
24 ETH SOM SSU SUD 26 MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia fistula Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 344 (1867 publ. 1868)
= Acacia robecchii Pirotta; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 2: 61 (1893)
= Acacia senegal var. fistula (Schweinf.) Oliv.; Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 351 (1871)
= Acacia seyal f. fistula (Schweinf.) Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 39(Suppl.): XXIII (1969), with incorrect basionym.
= Acacia seyal var. fistula (Schweinf.) Baker; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 351 (1871)
species :
Vachellia siamensis (Craib) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 43 (2013)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia craibii I.C.Nielsen; Adansonia 19(3): 344 (1980), nom. nov.
= Nimiria siamensis Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1927: 393 (1927)
species :
Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 516 (2013)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; Oman (Dhofar)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB IVO NGA NGR SEN 23 CAF CON RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU SUD 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZIM 27 BOT 35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia blommaertii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 58 (1925)
= Acacia purpurascens Vatke; Oesterr. Bot. Zeit. 30: 277 (1880)
= Acacia sieberiana DC.; Prodr. 2: 463 (1825)
= Acacia sieberiana var. sing (Guill. & Perr.) Roberty; Candollea 11: 142 (1948)
= Acacia sing Guill. & Perr.; Tent. Fl. Seneg. 1: 251 (1832)
= Prosopis dubia Gaill. & Perr.; Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 242 (1832)
= Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Ali; Pakistan J. Bot. 46(1): 3 (2014), isonym
variant :
var. villosa (A.Chev.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Distribution: Senegal; Mali; Ivory Coast; Togo; Niger; Central African Republic; Sudan; Sudan
22 IVO MLI NGR SEN TOG 23 CAF 24 SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia sieberiana var. villosa A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 959 (1927)
= Acacia verugera Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 340 (1868)
variant :
var. woodii (Burtt Davy) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Name: Paperbark Thorn
Distribution: Senegal; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; etc.
22 SEN 24 ETH SSU SUD 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia amboensis Schinz; Mem. Herb. Boiss. 1: 105 (1901)
= Acacia katangensis De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 502 (1913)
= Acacia monga De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 62 (1925)
= Acacia nefasia (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 2): 209 (1896)
= Acacia sieberiana f. nefasia (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Roberty; Candollea 11: 142 (1948)
= Acacia sieberiana var. kagerensis Troupin; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 45: 233 (1975)
= Acacia sieberiana var. orientalis Troupin; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 35: 454 (1965)
= Acacia sieberiana var. vermoesenii (De Wild.) Keay & Brenan; Kew Bull. 5: 364 (1951)
= Acacia sieberiana var. woodii (Burtt Davy) Keay & Brenan; Kew Bull. 6: 364 (1951)
= Acacia vermoesenii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 3: 68 (1925)
= Acacia woodii Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 332 (1922)
= Albizia nefasia (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Walp.; Ann. 2: 457 (1852)
= Inga nefasia Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 237 (1847)
species :
Vachellia sphaerocephala (Cham. & Schltdl.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 167 (2006)
Name: Bee wattle
Distribution: Pakistan [I]; India [c]; Vietnam [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico (Colima, Guerrero, Michoacan, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Honduras; Trinidad & Tobago [I]
40 ind pak 41 vie 78 usa 79 MEX 80 HON 81 trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia dolichocephala Saff.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 5: 355 (1915), nom. illeg.
= Acacia sphaerocephala Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 5: 594 (1830)
= Acacia veracruzensis Schenck; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 362 (1913)
species :
Vachellia stuhlmannii (Taub.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Name: Vlei Thorn
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo)
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia stuhlmannii Taub.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C. 194 (1895)
species :
Vachellia suberosa (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 240 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia: Kimberley region, Northern Territory: NE of Oenpelli Mission)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia suberosa A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1: 499 (1842)
species :
Vachellia sutherlandii (F.Muell.) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 240 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Gulf of Carpentaria country from Kilgour R. area S to Rockhampton Downs and Alroy Downs Stns, N of Barkly Hwy, Northern Territory, and near Burketown S to Aramac-Longreach area, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia melaleucoides F.M.Bailey; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensl. 5: 121 ex eod. Syn. Queensl. Fl. Suppl. 3: 23 (1890)
= Acacia sutherlandii (F.Muell.) F.Muell.; Ic. Acacia 12th. Decade (1888)
= Albizia sutherlandii F.Muell.; Fragm. 6: 22 (1867)
species :
Vachellia swazica (Burtt Davy) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Name: Swazi Thorn
Distribution: Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia swazica Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 332 (1922)
species :
Vachellia tenuispina (I.Verd.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Distribution: Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng)
27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia permixta var. glabra Burtt Davy; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1922: 330 (1922)
= Acacia tenuispina I.Verd.; Bothalia 6: 156 (1951)
species :
Vachellia tephrophylla (Thulin) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia tephrophylla Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 18(5): 515 (1998)
species :
Vachellia theronii (P.P.Sw.) Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179(2): 293 (2015)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia theronii P.P.Sw.; Bothalia 33(2): 164 (2003), nom. nov.
= Acacia montana P.P.Sw. ex Coates Palgr.; Trees S. Africa, ed. 3: 19 (2002), homonym
= Vachellia montana Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 514 (2013), nom. superfl.
species :
Vachellia tomentosa (Rottler) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger; Blumea 58(1): 43 (2013)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Sulawesi; Java (incl. Madura Isl.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba, Sumbawa)
40 BAN IND SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia chrysocoma Miq.; Fl. Ned.-Ind. 1: I. 6 (1858)
= Acacia tomentosa (Rottler) Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 4: 1087 (1806)
= Acacia tomentosa var. chrysocoma (Miq.) Backer
= Mimosa cavaty-tooma Roxb. ex DC.; Prodr. 2: 462 (1825)
= Mimosa kleinii Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 82 (1810)
= Mimosa tomentosa (Rottler ex Willd.) Roxb.; Hort. Beng.: 41 (1814)
= Mimosa tomentosa Rottler; Ges. Naturf. Fr. Neue Schr. 4: 208 (1803)
species :
Vachellia torrei (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 517 (2013)
Distribution: Mozambique
26 MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia torrei Brenan; Kew Bull. 21: 480 (1968)
species :
Vachellia tortilis (Forssk.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. tortilis
Name: Umbrella Thorn
Distribution: Egypt (Nile Valley, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Sudan; Somalia; ?Soqotra; Iran (S-Iran); Israel (Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai, C-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Nejd Desert, Asir); Qatar; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); Pakistan [I]; India [I] (Gujarat [I], Rajasthan [I])
20 EGY 24 SOM SUD 34 IRN ISR SIN 35 OMA QAT SAU YEM 40 ind pak
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia perrottetii Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 7 (1840)
= Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 10: tab. 31 (1827)
= Mimosa tortilis Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 176 (1775)
= Vachellia tortilis (Forssk.) Galasso & Banfi; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 149(1): 150 (2008), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. campoptila (Schweinf.) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 177 (2014)
Distribution: Yemen (SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia tortilis subsp. campoptila (Schweinf.) Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 336 (1995)
= Acacia campoptila Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4, app. 2: 208 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. heteracantha (Burch.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Distribution: Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 ANG MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia heteracantha Burch.; Trav. S. Africa 1: 389 (1822)
= Acacia litakunensis Burch.; Trav. S. Africa 2: 452 (1824)
= Acacia maras Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 24 (1888)
= Acacia spirocarpoides Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 23 (1888)
= Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha (Burch.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 88 (1957)
subspecies :
subsp. raddiana (Savi) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Niger; Nigeria; Chad (incl. Tibesti); Sudan; ?South Sudan; Somalia; Kenya; Madagascar [I]; Iran (S-Iran); Israel (C-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 BKN MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN 24 CHA SOM SUD 25 KEN 29 mdg 34 IRN ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia fasciculata Guill. & Perr.; Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 252 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Acacia raddiana Savi; Alc. Acacie Egiz. 1 (1830)
= Acacia tortilis f. raddiana (Savi) Roberty; Candollea 11: 143 (1948)
= Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 87 (1957)
= Acacia tortilis var. flava Nongon.; Bull. Inst. Fond. Afr. Noire, A 38(3): 598, 642 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Acacia tortilis var. pubescens A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 960 (1927)
= Acacia tortilis var. raddiana (Savi) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 87 (1957)
= Vachellia tortilis var. pubescens (A.Chev.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 517 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. spirocarpa (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 517 (2013)
Name: Hairy Umbrella Thorn
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana
24 DJI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia gummifera (Forssk.) Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 79 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Acacia pappii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 458 (1913)
= Acacia spirocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 239 (1847)
= Acacia spirocarpa var. major Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 323 (1867)
= Acacia spirocarpa var. minor Schweinf.; Linnaea 35: 323 (1867)
= Acacia tortilis f. spirocarpa (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Roberty; Candollea 11: 144 (1948)
= Acacia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 88 (1957)
= Acacia tortilis var. crinita Chiov.; Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 71 (1916)
= Acacia tortilis var. spirocarpa Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 88 (1957)
= Mimosa gummifera Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: cxxiv (1775)
= Vachellia tortilis var. crinita (Chiov.) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 517 (2013)
species :
Vachellia tortuosa (L.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 168 (2006)
Name: Acacia, Carambola, Carambouba (Dominican Republic), Bayahonde rouge (Haiti), Wild poponax (Jamaica), Alabama cossy, Cossie, Pompons jaunes (Lesser Antilles), Casia (Puerto Rico), Twisted acacia (Virgin Isl.)
Distribution: USA [I] (Florida [I]); Bahamas; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl.; St. Barthélémy; St. Eustatius; Antigua; Barbuda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Barbados; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Casanare, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Valle); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Nueva Esparta, Tachira, Zulia); Ecuador; Ecuador; Galapagos
78 usa 81 ABA ARU BAH BBD BON CUB CUR GDL HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SBA STE VIR 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia albescens Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 3 (1840)
= Acacia albida Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 16: t. 1317 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Acacia leucacantha Bertero ex Spreng.; Syst. 3: 144 (1826)
= Acacia seifriziana León; Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Col. ´de la Salle´, Habana, No. 9, 8 (1950)
= Acacia tortuosa (L.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 1083 (1806)
= Acacia tortuosa var. glabrior Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 229 (1847)
= Acacia virescens DC.; Cat. Pl. horti monsp. 74 (1813)
= Mimosa salinarum Rohr ex Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 501 (1875)
= Mimosa tortuosa L.; Syst. ed. X. 1312 (1759)
= Mimosa virescens (DC.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 530 (1817)
= Poponax tortuosa (L.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 118 (1838)
= Poponax venosa Britton; Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 35: 139 (1936)
= Prosopis microphylla Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 6: 308 (1824)
species :
Vachellia turbata (Pedley) Pedley; Austrobaileya 9(2): 314 (2014)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia turbata Pedley; Austrobaileya 6(2): 180 (2002)
species :
Vachellia turnbulliana (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 518 (2013)
Distribution: Somalia; Kenya
24 SOM 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia turnbulliana Brenan; Kew Bull. 1957: 370 (1958)
species :
Vachellia valida (Tindale & Kodela) Kodela; Telopea 11(2): 240 (2006)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory from the Tanami Tin Fields area N to Darwin, and Kimberley region of Western Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia valida Tindale & Kodela; Austral. Syst. Bot. 9(3): 307 (1996)
species :
Vachellia vernicosa (Britton & Rose) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 169 (2006)
Name: Viscid acacia
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia constricta var. vernicosa (Standl.) L.D.Benson; Amer. J. Bot. 30: 238 (1943)
= Acacia neovernicosa Isely; Sida 3: 380 (1969)
= Acacia vernicosa Standl.; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 187 (1919), non Fitzg.
= Acaciopsis vernicosa (Standl.) Britton & Rose; N. Am. Fl. 23: 96 (1928)
species :
Vachellia viguieri (Villiers & Du Puy) Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179(2): 293 (2015)
Distribution: S-Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia viguieri Villiers & Du Puy; Du Puy et al., Legumes of Madagascar: 242 (2002)
species :
Vachellia villaregalis (McVaugh) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 169 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Nayarit)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia villaregalis McVaugh; Fl. Novo-Galiciana 5: 141 (1987)
species :
Vachellia walwalensis (Gilliland) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 518 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia walwalensis Gilliland; Kew Bull. 1951: 140 (1951)
species :
Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) P.J.H.Hurter; Mabberley´s Pl.-Book 1021 (2008)
Name: Fever Tree
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia songwensis Harms; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 317 (1901)
= Acacia xanthophloea Benth.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 30: 511 (1875)
= Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 149(1): 150 (2008)
species :
Vachellia yemenensis (Boulos) Ragup., Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin; Phytotaxa 162(3): 178 (2014)
Distribution: N-Yemen; S-Yemen
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia yemenensis Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 330 (1995)
= Acacia yemenensis subsp. obtusifoliolata Boulos; Kew Bull. 50(2): 333 (1995)
species :
Vachellia zanzibarica (S.Moore) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 518 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia leucacantha Vatke; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 30: 276 (1880)
= Acacia sennii Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 200 (1932)
= Acacia zanzibarica (S.Moore) Taub.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C. 195 (1895)
= Pithecellobium zanzibaricum S.Moore; J. Bot. 15: 292 (1877)
variant :
var. microphylla (Brenan) Kyal. & Boatwr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172(4): 518 (2013)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia zanzibarica var. microphylla Brenan; Kew Bull. 12: 75 (1957)
species :
Vachellia zapatensis (Urb. & Ekman) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 170 (2006)
Distribution: Cuba (Matanzas)
81 CUB
Conservation Status: endangered (Red List of the Vascular Flora of Cuba) and endangered (IUCN)
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia zapatensis Urb. & Ekman; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 22: A. No. 8, 30 (1929)
species :
Vachellia ×cedilloi (L.Rico) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 150 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Quintana Roo, Yucatan)
79 MEX
Remarks: V. cornigera x V. globulifera
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ×cedilloi M.de Lourdes Rico Arce; Acta Bot. Mex. 26: 7 (1994)
species :
Vachellia ×gladiata (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 158 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Remarks: V. campeachiana x V. hindsii
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ×gladiata Saff.; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5: 359 (1915)
= Myrmecodendron ×gladiatum (Saff.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 92 (1928)
species :
Vachellia ×ruthvenii Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 97(3): 172 (2015)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Remarks: V. bravoensis x V. rigidula
species :
Vachellia ×standleyi (Saff.) Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 87(3): 168 (2006)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Remarks: V. hindsii x V. pennatula
Synonyms: hidden
= Acacia ×hirtipes Saff.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 4: 367 (1914)
= Acacia ×standleyi Saff.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 4: 367 (1914)
= Myrmecodendron ×hirtipes (Saff.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 92 (1928)
= Myrmecodendron ×oaxacanum Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
= Myrmecodendron ×standleyi (Saff.) Britton & Rose; Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 23: 93 (1928)
species :
Vachellia ×ziggyi Seigler & Ebinger; Phytologia 95(4): 298 (2013), et 97(3): 224 (2015) et 97(4): 292 (2015), pro spec.
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: V. collinsii x V. pennatula
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life