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Ver. 24.7
July 18th, 2024

456.0000 Family Caprifoliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 210 (1789), nom. cons.
32-37 genera, ca. 1100 spp. Phylogeny see Lee et al. 2021
Species listed in database: 1075; hybrids: 34
= Diervillaceae Pyck; A. Backlund & N. Pyck, Taxon 47: 658 (1998)
= Dipsacaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 194 (1789), nom. cons.
= Linnaeaceae Backlund; A. Backlund & N. Pyck, Taxon 47: 658 (1998)
= Loniceraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 272, 296 (1818)
= Loniceropsida Brongn.; Enum. Pl. Mus. Paris: xvii, 47 (1843)
= Morinaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 88 (1820)
= Scabiosaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 563 (1820)
= Triplostegiaceae A.E.Bobrov ex Airy Shaw; Kew Bull. 18: 269 (1965)
= Valerianaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg. 227 (1802) nom. cons.
456.5007 Genus Valeriana L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 31 (1753)
Distribution: High diversity in Mexico and especially the Andes, also secondary centers in North America, Eurasia, South Africa and Russia (ca. 20). The genus remains polyphyletic, but the inclusion of Valerianella, Fedia, Plectritis and Centranthus in a Valeriana sensu latissimo seems to be lumping on too high level. Valeriana celtica also probably belongs in a separate genus (Bell & Donoghue 2005)
Species listed in database: 364; hybrids: 3
= Amblyorhinum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25(II): 168 (1852)
= Aretiastrum (DC.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 10: 304 (1841)
= Astrephia Dufr.; Hist. Nat. Valér.: 50 (1811)
= Belonanthus Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 447 (1906)
= Betckea DC.; Coll. Mém. 7: 18 (1832)
= Fuisa Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840)
= Hemesotria Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 6: 88 (1820)
= Monastes Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840)
= Ocymastrum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 302 (1891)
= Oligacoce Willd. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 632 (1830)
= Phu Ludw.; Inst. Reg. Veg., ed. 2: 141 (1757)
= Phuodendron (Graebn.) Dalla Torre & Harms; Gen. Siphono. 512 (1905)
= Phyllactis Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 39 (1805)
= Porteria Hook.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 9: t. 864 (1851)
= Rittera Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Saliunca Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 87 (1840)
= Stangea Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 448 (1906)
= Valerianopsis C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(4): 345 (1885)
species :
Valeriana acutiloba Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 24 (1901)
Name: Sharpleaf valerian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana capitata subsp. acutiloba (Rydb.) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 407 (1951)
variant :
var. pubicarpa (Rydb.) Cronquist; Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchc. et al.] (1959)
Name: Hairyfruit valerian
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana capitata subsp. pubicarpa (Rydb.) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 406 (1951)
= Valeriana pubicarpa Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 697 (1909)
= Valeriana utahensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 37 (1918)
species :
Valeriana adscendens Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 173 (1852)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Valeriana aequiloba Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 228 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana agrimoniifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 353 (1931)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana ajanensis (Regel & Tiling) Kom.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 216 (1931 publ. 1932)
subspecies :
subsp. ajanensis
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk)
30 SIB 31 RFE
subspecies :
subsp. fasciculata (Vorosch. & Gorovoj) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 30 (1986 publ. 1987)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana fasciculata Vorosch. & Gorovoj; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada, Moskva, No. 69, 77 (1968)
species :
Valeriana alanyensis Yüceol, Cecen & Göktürk; Phytotaxa 653(1): 81 (2024)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Valeriana albiflora (B.A.Sharipova) B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikistana 9: 118 (1988)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana kamelinii subsp. albiflora B.A.Sharipova; Izv. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, Biol. Nauk, 1(98): 18 (1985)
species :
Valeriana albonervata B.L.Rob. ex Seaton; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 27: 170 (1893)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana alliariifolia Adams; Weber fil. & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 44 (1805)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alliariifolia var. intermedia Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1863: 31 (1863)
= Valeriana alliariifolia var. subintegra Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1863: 31 (1863)
= Valeriana macrophylla M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 25 (1808)
species :
Valeriana alpestris Steven; Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 5: 342 (1814)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alpina Adams; Beitr. Naturk. 1: 45 (1805)
= Valeriana alpina var. exaltata Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 269 (1901)
= Valeriana montana M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 25 (1808), nom. illeg., non L.
species :
Valeriana altaica Sumnev.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 5 (1935)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana heterophylla Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 18: 321 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis f. heterophylla Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861)
= Valeriana turczaninovii Grubov; Kom., Fl. URSS 23: 615 (1958)
species :
Valeriana alternifolia Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 1: 52 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang, Jilin, etc.); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: officinalis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alternifolia f. angustifolia (Kom.) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 596 (1979)
= Valeriana alternifolia f. filisecta A.I.Baranov; Zap. Kharbin. Obshch. Estestvoisp. Etnogr. 1966: 110 (1966)
= Valeriana alternifolia f. verticillata (Kom.) S.X.Li; Clavis Pl. Chinae Bor.-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 629 (1995)
= Valeriana alternifolia subsp. pseudocoreana Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 31 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana alternifolia subsp. stubendorfiana (Sumnev.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 98: 42 (1975)
= Valeriana alternifolia subsp. stubendorfii (Kreyer ex Kom.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 31 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana alternifolia var. angustifolia (Kom.) S.H.Li; Fl. Liaoningica 2: 405 (1992)
= Valeriana alternifolia var. stolonifera A.I.Baranov & Skvortsov; Zap. Kharbin. Obshch. Estestvoisp. Etnogr. 12: 35 (1954)
= Valeriana alternifolia var. stubendorfii (Kreyer ex Kom.) A.I.Baranov; Zap. Kharbin. Obshch. Estestvoisp. Etnogr. 1966: 108 (1966)
= Valeriana chinensis Kreyer ex Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 216 (1931 publ. 1932), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana dahurica Sumnev.; Trudy Biol. Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 2: 58 (1936)
= Valeriana elodea Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1936(5): 4 (1936)
= Valeriana jacutica Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1936(5): 5 (1936)
= Valeriana kuminoviana Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1936(5): 3 (1936)
= Valeriana lyratifolia Sumnev.; Trudy Biol. Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 2: 56 (1936)
= Valeriana officinalis var. alternifolia (Ledeb.) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 439 (1844)
= Valeriana pseudofficinalis C.Y.Cheng & H.B.Chen; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 11(3): 33 (1991)
= Valeriana stubendorfiana Sumnev.; Lekarstv. Valeriana officinalis Aziatsk. chasti SSSR 28 (-29) (1941)
= Valeriana stubendorfii f. angustifolia Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 213 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Valeriana stubendorfii Kreyer ex Kom.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 30: 215 (1931 publ. 1932)
= Valeriana subbipinnatifolia A.I.Baranov; Taiwania 12: 111 (1966)
= Valeriana transbaicalensis Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1936(5): 2 (1936)
species :
Valeriana alypifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 325 (1818)
subspecies :
subsp. alypifolia
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alypifolia var. elongata Benth.; Pl. Hartw.: 196 (1845)
= Valeriana hartwegiana Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 318 (1914)
= Valeriana pygmaea Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25(II): 172 (1852), non Graebn.
subspecies :
subsp. argenteomarginata B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 23 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana amurensis P.A.Smirn. ex Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk SSSR 30: 214 (1932)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin); North Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 NKO
Remarks: officinalis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana amurensis f. leiocarpa H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 17(3): 127 (1941)
= Valeriana officinalis lusus pubescens Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 80 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis var. incisa Nakai ex Mori; Enum. Pl. Corea 333 (1922)
= Valeriana sambucifolia f. leiocarpa (H.Hara) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
= Valeriana sambucifolia subsp. amurensis (P.A.Smirn. ex Kom.) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
species :
Valeriana apiifolia A.Gray ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 417 (1887)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Morelos, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia mexicana Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy.: 431 (1840)
= Phyllactis mexicana (Hook. & Arn.) Benth. & Hook.fil. ex Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 2: 67 (1881)
species :
Valeriana apula Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 332 (1788)
Distribution: N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantábrica); SE-Spain; Andorra; SW-France; Morocco
12 ADO FRA SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana globulariifolia Ramond ex DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 4: 236 (1805)
= Valeriana globulariifolia var. nevadensis Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 8: 121 (1909)
= Valeriana heterophylla Loisel.; Fl. Gall.: 21 (1806)
= Valeriana rupicola Lag.; Varied. Ci. 2(4): 212 (1805)
species :
Valeriana arborea Killip & Cuatrec.; Rev. Acad. Colombia,. 4: 344 (1941)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana aretiastra Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 147 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Aretiastrum maximum Graebn.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 323 (1918)
species :
Valeriana aretioides Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 324 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Aretiastrum aretioides (Kunth) Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 448 (1906)
= Phyllactis aretioides (Kunth) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 30 (1859)
species :
Valeriana arizonica A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 81 (1883)
Name: Arizona valerian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Sonora, Coahuila)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana acutiloba var. ovata (Rydb.) A.Nelson; New Man. Bot. Centr. Rocky Mt. 476 (1909)
= Valeriana ovata Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 645 (1904)
species :
Valeriana armena P.A.Smirn.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, Biol., no. s. 51: Livr. 2, 71 (1946)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: officinalis agg.
species :
Valeriana asarifolia Dufr.; Hist. Nat. Méd. Fam. Valer. 44 (1811)
Distribution: Crete; Greece (Antikithira); East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos, Chalki)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana calthifolia Sieber
species :
Valeriana aschersoniana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37(1): 72 (1905)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Aretiastrum aschersonianum (Graebn.) Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 448 (1906)
species :
Valeriana aspleniifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 352 (1931)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana assamensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 36 (1918)
Distribution: NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland)
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana asterothrix Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 452 (1925)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana atacamensis Bors.; Lilloa 32: 405 (1967)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pubescens Phil.; Fl. Atacam.: 26 (1860), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana baltana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 439 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana bambusicaulis Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 455 (1925)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana barbareifolia M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11(1): 121 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Michoacan, México State, Puebla, Veracruz, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana sorbifolia var. barbareifolia (M.Martens & Galeotti) Mey.; Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 38: 477 (1951)
species :
Valeriana barbulata Diels; Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 5: 295 (1912)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Valeriana beamanii Barrie; sp. nov. (Flora Mesoamericana draft)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Valeriana beddomei C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 214 (1881), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana microphylla Bedd.; Madr. J. Sci. Ser. III. 1: 50 (1864)
species :
Valeriana belonantha Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 147 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Belonanthus angustifolius Schmale; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem xiu. 25 (1936)
species :
Valeriana bertiscea Pancic; Elench. Pl. Vasc. Crna Gora 42 (1875)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; SC-Greece
13 ALB BIH GRC
Remarks: montana agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana heyderi Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 757 (1888)
species :
Valeriana boelckei Rossow; Parodiana 8(1): 1 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen); Chile (Maule, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Valeriana boliviana Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 263 (1891)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bangiana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 437 (1906)
species :
Valeriana bolkarica Contandr. & Quézel; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 123(78): 429 (1976)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Valeriana bornmuelleri Pilg; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: Beibl. 101, 7 (1910)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana borsinii Rossow; Parodiana 8(1): 3 (1993)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana bracteata Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 195 (1845)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis bracteata (Benth.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 30 (1859)
= Valeriana ligulifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 456 (1925)
species :
Valeriana bracteosa Phil.; Linnaea 33: 101 (1864 publ. 1865)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Ñuble)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana rupestris Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 734 (1872)
species :
Valeriana bractescens (Hook.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 57 (1882)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru
82 VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblyorhinum angustifolium Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 169 (1852)
= Amblyorhinum grandiflorum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 168 (1852)
= Porteria bractescens Hook.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 9: t. 864 (1851)
= Valeriana meridana Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 353 (1914)
species :
Valeriana bridgesii Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 365 (1833)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis regularis (Clos) Speg.; Nova Add. Fl. Patag. 1: 67 (1899)
= Valeriana berteroniana Steud. & Hochst.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 741 (1841), nom. inval.
= Valeriana phellocarpa Phil.; Linnaea 33: 100 (1864)
= Valeriana regularis Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 225 (1848)
= Valeriana simplex Clos; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 3(2): 224 (1848)
species :
Valeriana briquetiana H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 277 (1917)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana mairei Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 330 (1914), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana bryophila Barrie; Sida 13(3): 266 (1989)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana buxifolia F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 17: 113 (1965)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana calcicola Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 41: 252 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Hidalgo, Puebla, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana californica A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 1: 60 (1904)
Name: California valerian
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana acutiloba var. glabra (Jeps.) Cronquist; A. Cronquist et al. , Intermount. Fl. 4: 546 (1984)
= Valeriana capitata subsp. californica (A.Heller) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 404 (1951)
= Valeriana puberulenta Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 697 (1909)
= Valeriana seminuda Piper; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 37: 95 (1924)
= Valeriana sylvatica var. glabra Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 970 (1925)
= Valeriana whiltonae Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 24 (1941)
species :
Valeriana calvescens Briq.; Ann. Cons. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 334 (1914)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana interrupta var. calcitrapifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 161 (1879)
species :
Valeriana candolleana Gardner; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 112 (1845)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz, Chiapas, Michoacan, Oaxaca, etc.); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Colombia; Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Merida); Guyana (Mt. Roraima); Ecuador; Peru; S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alpina Vell.; Fl. Flumino. 28 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana bonariensis Speg.; Physis (Buenos Aires) 3: 342 (1917)
= Valeriana mikaniae Lindl.; J. Hort. Soc. 3: 316 (1848)
= Valeriana scandens var. candolleana (Gardner) K.A.E.Muell.; Fl. Bras. 6(4): 344 (1885)
= Valeriana scandens var. dentata C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6, pt. 4: 344 (1885)
= Valeriana scandens var. subcordata C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(4): 344 (1885)
species :
Valeriana caparaoensis Rabuske, Sobral & Iganci; Syst. Bot. 45(1): 219 (2020)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 7 (1784)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana capensis var. lanceolata N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 156 (1895)
variant :
var. nana B.L.Burtt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 43(3): 404 (1986)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
species :
Valeriana capitata Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 66 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. capitata
Name: Capitate valerian (EN)
Distribution: N-European Russia (N-Ural); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan); Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon)
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 37 MON 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bracteosa Britton; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 2: 183 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana capitata var. bracteosa Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 45(1): 1453 (1949)
= Valeriana montana Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 662 (1800), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. gotvanskyi (Vorosch. & Shlotg.) Gorbunov; Valeriany Fl. Ross. Sopred. Gosud. 113 (2002)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana gotvanskyi var. subintegerrima Vorosch. & Shlotg.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 89(4): 120 (1984)
= Valeriana gotvanskyi Vorosch. & Shlotg.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 89(4): 119 (1984)
species :
Valeriana cardamines M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 24 (1808)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana calcarea Albov; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 452 (1894)
= Valeriana chodatiana Albov; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 452 (1894)
species :
Valeriana carnosa Sm.; Pl. Ic. Ined. t. 52 (1791)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia carnosa (Sm.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 51 (1811)
= Fedia carnosa (Sm.) Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. ed. II. 13: 304 (1804)
= Oligacoce carnosa (Sm.) Willd. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 210 (1841)
= Phyllactis carnosa (Sm.) Speg.; Rev. Agron. La Plata, 526 (1897)
= Valeriana magellanica Lam.; Illustr. 1: 93 (1792)
species :
Valeriana castellanosii Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 325 (1944)
Distribution: Bolivia (Potosí); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta); Chile (Antofagasta)
83 BOL 85 ARG CLE
species :
Valeriana catharinensis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 427 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana celtica L.; Sp. Pl. 32 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. celtica
Name: Echter Speik (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; France; N-Italy (mainly Piemonte)
11 AUT ger SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana saxatilis Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 286 (1787)
subspecies :
subsp. norica Vierh.; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel (Zürich) 3: 244 (1925)
Distribution: E-Austria (Kärnten, Steiermark)
11 AUT
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana norica (Vierh.) Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 270 (2010)
species :
Valeriana cephalantha Schltdl.; Linnaea 28: 483 (1856)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Valeriana ceratophylla Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 333 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, México State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dichotoma Moc. & Sessé ex DC.; Prod. 4: 640 (1830)
= Valeriana napus Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 26(Misc.): 76 (1840)
= Valeriana ramosissima M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(1): 122 (1844)
species :
Valeriana cernua B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 20 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana cerosifolia Xena; Fl. Venezuela 5(1): 248 (1992)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
species :
Valeriana chaerophylloides Sm.; Pl. Ic. Ined. t. 53 (1791)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Santander); Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru
80 PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU GAL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia chaerophylloides (Sm.) DC.; Prod. 4: 629 (1830)
= Astrephia laciniata (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 56 (1811)
= Boerhavia chaerophylloides (Sm.) Willd.; (Nyctaginaceae)
= Fedia chaerophylloides (Sm.) Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 334 (1818)
= Valeriana chaerophylla Pers.; Syn. 1: 37 (1805)
= Valeriana laciniata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 42 (1798)
species :
Valeriana chamaedryfolia Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 3: 129 (1828)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianopsis chamaedryfolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 349 (1885)
species :
Valeriana chiapensis Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 46 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana chilensis Borsini; Lilloa 32: 392 (1967)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen); Chile (Maule)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Valeriana chionophila Popov & Kult.; Trans. Turkest. Univ. Pt. 4, 65 (1922); Vved. in Bull. Univ. As. Centr. vii. Suppl. 21 (1924)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
species :
Valeriana clarionifolia Phil.; Linnaea 28: 702 (1856)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Maule, Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis clarionifolia (Phil.) Speg.; Rev. Agron. La Plata, 526 (1897)
= Valeriana sarcophylla Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve. 431 (1919)
= Valeriana spegazzinii Skottsb.; Svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl. n. s. 56: No. 5. 308 (1916)
species :
Valeriana clarkei Briq.; Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 331 (1914), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Astor, Baltistan, Skardu); NW-India (Ladakh, Dras, Jammu & Kashmir)
34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana elegans C.B.Clarke; Hook., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 212 (1881) (non C. A. Mey. (1847)
species :
Valeriana clematitis Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 327 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Belize; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS HON PAN 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana hispida Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosr. 25: II. 172 (1852)
species :
Valeriana coarctata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 40. t. 68, f. a. (1798)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia coarctata (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 51 (1811)
= Valeriana armeriifolia Schltdl.; Linnaea 28: 485 (1857)
species :
Valeriana colchica Utkin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 2: 160 (1921)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Valeriana coleophylla Diels; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 786 (1942)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana amplexicaulis F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 17: 116 (1965)
species :
Valeriana columbiana Piper; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 22: 489 (1896)
Name: Wenatchee valerian
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
73 USA
species :
Valeriana comosa B.Eriksen; Nordic J. Bot. 11(6): 619 (1991)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana chionophila Sandwith; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 110 (1928), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana condamoana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 446 (1906)
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Jujuy)
83 PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana romanana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 446 (1906)
species :
Valeriana connata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 39. t. 67, f. c. (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana connata var. nutans Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 444 (1906)
species :
Valeriana convallarioides (Schmale) B.B.Larsen; Nordic J. Bot. 6(4): 442 (1986)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis convallarioides Schmale; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 41: 294 (1937)
species :
Valeriana corymbulosa (Wedd.) Cabrera; Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13) 9: 453 (1993)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija); Argentina (Salta, Jujuy)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis corymbulosa Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 34 (1859)
= Valeriana triatomoides Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 347 (1944)
species :
Valeriana corynodes Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 341 (1944)
Distribution: Argentina (San Juan)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana costata Schmale; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 41: 294 (1937)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana crassifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 328 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Valle); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Valeriana crinii Orph. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(2): 119 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. crinii
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: montana agg.
subspecies :
subsp. epirotica (Phitos) Franzén; Willdenowia 15(2): 353 (1986)
Distribution: Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana epirotica Phitos; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, ciii-civ. 226 (1964)
= Valeriana ×phitosiana Quézel & Contandr.; Candollea 20: 79 (1965), designat. typi omissa
species :
Valeriana crispa Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 41 (1798)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia crispa (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 51 (1811)
= Astrephia lobata Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 364 (1833)
= Valeriana excelsa Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 106: 1018 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana floribunda Phil.; Linnaea 28: 701 (1856)
= Valeriana lobata (Hook. & Arn.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 53 (1882)
= Valeriana oreocharis Phil.; Linnaea 28: 699 (1856)
species :
Valeriana cuatrecasasii F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 17: 113 (1965)
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana cucurbitifolia Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 58 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana cacalioides Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 125 (1940)
= Valeriana palmatiloba F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 448 (1951)
species :
Valeriana cumbemayensis B.Eriksen; Nordic J. Bot. 11(6): 621 (1991)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana cyclophylla Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 437 (1906)
Distribution: Mexico (México State)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana dageletiana Nakai ex F.Maek.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 47: 618 (1933)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: This might be an introduction of V. excelsa subsp. sambucifolia from Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dageletiana f. integra (Nakai ex Maek.) S.H.Park; J. Korean Pl. Taxon., 3(1-2): 26 (1971)
= Valeriana dageletiana Nakai ex Maek.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 47: 618 (1933)
= Valeriana dageletiana var. integra (Nakai) Nakai ex F.Maek.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 47: 618 (1933)
= Valeriana dageletiana var. verticillata S.H.Park; J. Korean Pl. Taxon., 3(1-2): 26 (1971)
= Valeriana officinalis var. integra Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 109 (1918)
= Valeriana officinalis var. latifolia Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 114 (1867) non Vahl
= Valeriana sambucifolia f. dageletiana (Nakai ex F.Maek.) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
species :
Valeriana daghestanica Rupr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 87 (1875)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Valeriana daphniflora Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9(8): 179-180 (1934)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana delavayi Franch.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9(8): 180 (1934), nomen
species :
Valeriana decussata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 42. t. 70, f. b. (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. decussata
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana clematoides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 437 (1906)
= Valeriana decussata var. acuminatissima Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 126 (1898)
= Valeriana melanocarpa Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 453 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. polemonioides (Kunth) B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 52 (1989)
Distribution: Colombia; Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana polemonioides Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 332 (1818)
species :
Valeriana deltoidea F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 459 (1951)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana densa (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 55 (1882)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis densa Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 31 (1859)
= Phyllactis inconspicua Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 31 (1859)
= Valeriana inconspicua (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 55 (1882)
species :
Valeriana densiflora Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 39 (1843)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana retrorsa Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 36: 502 (1901)
species :
Valeriana descolei Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 339 (1944)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, San Juan)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana dinorrhiza Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 54 (1882)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis dinorrhiza Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 19: 161 (1874)
species :
Valeriana dioica L.; Sp. Pl. 31 (1753)
Name: Sumpf-Baldrian, Kleiner Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; +Estonia; Belarus; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Pakistan (Dir, Chitral, Swat, Baluchistan, Karakorum, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh)
10 DEN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST RUS UKR 34 TUR 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana affinis Opiz; Natural. n. 10: 243 (1825)
= Valeriana compacta Opiz; Natural. n. 10: 244 (1825)
= Valeriana dioica f. nana Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1907: 11 (1907)
= Valeriana dioica subsp. pinnatifida Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 271 (1871)
= Valeriana dioica var. foemina Vahl; 2 (1805)
= Valeriana dioica var. mas Vahl; 2 (1805)
= Valeriana dioica var. sylvatica (F.W.Schmidt) Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 217 (1922)
= Valeriana exigua Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 292 (1899)
= Valeriana nasturtiifolia Lag. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 4 (1865)
= Valeriana palustris Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 610 (1764), opus utique rej.
= Valeriana phu var. dioica (L.) Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; 549 (1879)
= Valeriana subdentata Opiz ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 394 (1823)
= Valeriana sylvatica F.W.Schmidt; Fl. Boem. 2: 2 (1793)
= Valeriana sylvestris Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 478 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. simplicifolia Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 1: 48 (1823)
Name: Einfachblättriger Baldrian
Distribution: ?Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; European Russia
11 CZE HUN POL SLO 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dioica subsp. simplicifolia (Rchb.) Celak.; 271 (1871)
= Valeriana dioica subsp. simplicifolia (Rchb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 336 (1879)
= Valeriana simplicifolia (Rchb.) Kabath; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 6: 111 (1864)
variant :
var. sylvatica (Sol. ex Richards.) S.Watson; Botany [Fortieth Parallel] 136 (1871)
Name: Woods valerian
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (California, Idaho, Maine, Montana, Nevada, South Dakota, Washington State, Wyoming)
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dioica Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 727 (1813) non L.
= Valeriana dioica subsp. sylvatica (S.Watson) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 417 (1951)
= Valeriana micrantha var. wyomingensis (E.E.Nelson) A.Nelson; Coult. & Nels., Man. Bot. Rocky Mt., ed. 2: 476 (1909)
= Valeriana psilodes Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 37 (1918)
= Valeriana septentrionalis Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 376 (1900)
= Valeriana sylvatica Banks ex R.Br.; Franklin, Narr. Journey Polar Sea: 730 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana wyomingensis E.E.Nelson; Erythea 7: 167 (1899)
species :
Valeriana dioscoridis Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 21 (1806)
Name: Dioskorides-Baldrian (DE); Dioscorides Valerian (EN)
Distribution: Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
13 ALB BUL GRC KRI MNT TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana italica Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 92 (1791) (non Vahl (1791))
= Valeriana siifolia K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 32 (1847)
= Valeriana sisymbriifolia d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 260 (1822), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana dipsacoides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 438 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana maxima Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 351 (1931)
species :
Valeriana domingensis Urb.; Symb. Antill. 1: 450 (1899)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 HIS
species :
Valeriana dorotheae (Weberling) Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 147 (2018)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis dorotheae Weberling; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges., 94(1-2): 306 (1981)
species :
Valeriana dubia Bunge; Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 52 (1829)
Distribution: S-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Mongolia; Pakistan (Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan, Swat, Hazara); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dubia var. angustifolia Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 437 (1844)
= Valeriana exaltata var. angustifolia (Ledeb.) Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajano. 101 (1858)
= Valeriana exaltata var. dubia (Bunge) Regel & Tiling; Fl. Ajano. 101 (1858)
= Valeriana kryloviana Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1935(1-2): 7 (1935)
= Valeriana officinalis f. dubia (Bunge) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis f. linearifolia Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861)
= Valeriana proximata Sumnev.; Krylov, Fl. Sibir. Occ., ed. 2, 10: 2614 (1939)
= Valeriana saposhnikovii Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1935(1-2): 8 (1935)
= Valeriana schischkinii Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1935(1-2): 10 (1935)
= Valeriana tarbagataica Sumnev.; Lekarstv. Valeriana officinalis Aziatsk. chasti SSSR: 67 (1941)
species :
Valeriana edulis Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 48 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. edulis
Name: Tobacco root
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Patrinia ceratophylla Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 290 (1833)
= Patrinia longifolia J.McNab; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 19: 59 (1835)
= Phyllactis obovata Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 21 (1818)
= Valeriana ceratophylla (Hook.) MacMill.; Metasp. Minnesota Valley: 492 (1892), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana ceratophylla (Hook.) Piper; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 532 (1906)
= Valeriana edulis f. glabra H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington: 397 (1937)
= Valeriana furfurescens A.Nelson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 232 (1901)
= Valeriana lesueurii Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 59 (1940)
= Valeriana obovata (Nutt.) Schult.; Mant. 1: 265 (1822)
= Valeriana trachycarpa Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 31: 645 (1904)
variant :
var. ciliata (Torr. & A.Gray) Cronquist; Man. Vasc. Pl. NorthE. U. S. Canad. 658 (1963)
Name: Tobacco root
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana ciliata Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 49 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana edulis subsp. ciliata (Torr. & A.Gray) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 428 (1951)
subspecies :
subsp. procera (Kunth) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 430 (1951)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosi, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, México State, México Distrito Federal, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana knautioides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 427 (1899)
= Valeriana procera Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 329 (1818)
species :
Valeriana effusa Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 19: 162 (1874)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana approximata Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve. 20: 434 (1919)
= Valeriana effusa var. fiebrigii Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 20: 434 (1919)
= Valeriana effusa var. trifoliata Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 161 (1879)
species :
Valeriana eichleriana (C.A.Müll.) Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 434 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianopsis eichleriana C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 348 (1885)
species :
Valeriana elongata Jacq.; Enum. Stirp. Vindob. 205 (1762)
Distribution: Austria; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT 13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dioica Besser; Prim. Fl. Galic. 1: 48 (1809) non L.
= Valeriana elongata var. polygama DC.; Prodr. 4: 637 (1830)
species :
Valeriana emmanuelii Rzed. & Calderón; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 66 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana engleriana Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 54 (1882)
Distribution: Colombia (La Guajira, Magdalena)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis pinnatifida Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 33 (1859)
species :
Valeriana erikae (Graebn.) Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 148 (2018)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Stangea erikae Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 450 (1906)
species :
Valeriana eriophylla (Ledeb.) Utkin; Notul. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 124 (1923)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana tuberosa var. eriophylla Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 436 (1844)
species :
Valeriana eupatoria Sobral; Novon 10(2): 149 (2000)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana excelsa Poir.; Encyc. 8: 301 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. excelsa
Name: Kriechender Arznei-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); W- & WC-Europe; France; etc.
11 BGM GER LUX 12 FRA
Remarks: officinalis agg., octoploids 2n (56)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana excelsa f. hirsuta Neuman; 101 (1901)
= Valeriana excelsa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. 12(3): 308 (1977)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. excelsa (Poir.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 84 (1903)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 381 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. repens (Host) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 100 (1983)
= Valeriana officinalis var. major Schltdl.; 22 (1823)
= Valeriana procurrens Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 540 (Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 170) (1840)
= Valeriana rapini Maill.; Mém. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 8: 332 (1946)
= Valeriana repens Host; Fl. Austr. 1: 35 (1827)
= Valeriana subrepens Maill.; Mém. Soc. Vaud. Sci. Nat. 8: 332 (1946)
= Valeriana tripteroides (Neuman) Kreyer; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(1): 190 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. salina (Pleijel) Hiitonen; Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 8: 320 (1931-1932 publ. 1933)
Distribution: England; Finland; Estonia; +Lithuania; N-European Russia
10 FIN GRB 14 EST LIT RUS
Remarks: status disputed, often included in subsp. sambucifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana estonica Nenukow; Sitzungsber. Naturf.-Ges. Univ. Dorpat 39: 220 (1933)
= Valeriana fennoscandica Kreyer; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(1): 198 (1930)
= Valeriana murmanica N.I.Orlova; Fl. Murmansk. Obl. 5: 426 (1966)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. dunensis P.D.Sell; Sell & Murrell, Fl. Great Britain Ireland 4: 530 (2006)
= Valeriana officinalis var. estonica (Nenjukow) K.Eichw.; Eesti Fl. 4: 276 (1969)
= Valeriana pleijelii Kreyer; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(1): 205 (1930)
= Valeriana salina Pleijel; Acta Horti Berg. 8: 80 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Holub; Preslia 68(3): 286 (1996 publ. 1997)
Name: Holunderblättriger Arznei-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Bayern, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N-Spain (Pyrenees); N-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania
11 CZE GER HUN SLO 12 SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS SLV SRB
Remarks: officinalis agg., octoploids 2n (56)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana altissima Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 2: 950 (1815)
= Valeriana calvescens (Elly Walther) G.H.Loos; Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins 1: 129 (2010), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana exaltata Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 1: 56 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana excelsa subsp. transiens (Elly Walther) Holub; Preslia 68(3): 286 (1996 publ. 1997)
= Valeriana moravica Kreyer; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(1): 191 (1930)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhm. 270 (1871), isonym
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Gosselman; Blekinges Fl. 11 (1865), isonym
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Wirtg.; 225 (1857)
= Valeriana officinalis var. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Kitt.; 660 (1844)
= Valeriana officinalis var. sambucifolia (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 314 (1859), isonym
= Valeriana procurrens subsp. salina (Pleijel) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Valeriana procurrens var. calvescens Elly Walther; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., Beih. 1: 57 (1949)
= Valeriana repens var. calvescens (Elly Walther) Bässler; Feddes Repert. 88: 419 (1977)
= Valeriana sambucifolia f. integrifolia Bruun ex Hyl.; 306 (1945)
= Valeriana sambucifolia f. simplicifolia (F.Aresch.) Hyl.; 306 (1945)
= Valeriana sambucifolia J.C.Mikan ex Pohl; Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 41 (1809)
= Valeriana sambucifolia subsp. transiens (Elly Walther) Á.Löve & D.Löve; 55 (1961)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. angustifolia Uechtr.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 6: 112 (1864)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. calvescens (Elly Walther) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 172 (1973)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. simplicifolia F.Aresch.; 19 (1866)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. transiens Elly Walther; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1949(App. 1): 50 (1949)
= Valeriana sciophila Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 289 (1866)
= Valeriana silesiaca Kreyer; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(1): 201 (1930)
= Valeriana vulgaris var. stolonifera Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 503 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. versifolia (Brügger) Buttler, Hand & Kirschner; Kochia 84 (2008)
Name: Verschiedenblättriger Kriech-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Austria; SE-France; Italy
11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: officinalis agg., octoploids 2n (56)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. versifolia (Brügger) Bartolucci & Soldano; Inform. Bot. Ital. 47(1): 75 (2015)
= Valeriana officinalis var. versifolia (Brügger) Capeder
= Valeriana officinalis var. versifolia (Brügger) Nyman; 157 (1889)
= Valeriana versifolia Brügger; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s. 29: 98 (1884-1885 publ. 1886)
species :
Valeriana fauriei Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 327 (1914)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Japan; Taiwan
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Remarks: officinalis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana coreana Briq.; Ann. Conse 5: & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 326 (1914)
= Valeriana coreana subsp. badzhalensis Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 30 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana coreana subsp. leiocarpa (Kitag.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 31 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana coreana subsp. sachalinensis (H.Hara) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 31 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana fauriei f. coreana (Briq.) H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 17: 125 (1941)
= Valeriana fauriei subsp. badzhalensis (Vorosch.) Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(2): 92 (1990)
= Valeriana fauriei subsp. sachalinensis (H.Hara) Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(2): 92 (1990)
= Valeriana fauriei var. dasycarpa H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 17: 126 (1941)
= Valeriana fauriei var. leiocarpa (Kitag.) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 597 (1979)
= Valeriana leiocarpa Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 5: 158 (1941)
= Valeriana pulchra Nakai; Index Seminum (TI, Tokyo) 1940: 36 (1940)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. dasycarpa (H.Hara) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. fauriei (Briq.) H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
= Valeriana sambucifolia var. sachalinensis H.Hara; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 387 (1956)
species :
Valeriana fedtschenkoi Coincy; Alt. Pl. Hispan. 15 (1895)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Parwan); China (Xinjiang); ?Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Drosh)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana caespitosa Rupr.; Osten & Rupr., Sert. Tiansch.: 51 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana longiflora Regel & Schmalh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 384 (1880), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana minuta Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 1: 59 (1952)
= Valerianella longiflora (Regel & Schmalh.) Regel & Schmalh.; Descr. Pl. Nov. Rar. Fedtsch. 43. (1882)
species :
Valeriana ferax (Griseb.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 55 (1882)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis ferax Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 24: 159 (1879)
species :
Valeriana ficariifolia Boiss.; Fl. 3: 89 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral, Drosh)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana ficariifolia var. glabra B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 525, 114 (1988), without type
= Valeriana ficariifolia var. obovata B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 525, 114 (1988), without type
= Valeriana ficariifolia var. paripinnata B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 525, 114 (1988), without type
species :
Valeriana flaccidissima Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 12(3): 228-229 (1868)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Chongqing, SE-Gansu, Guizhou, SE-Henan, W-Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana faberi Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(4, Beibl. 59): 32 (1898)
= Valeriana nokozanensis Yamam.; Icon. Pl. Formosan., Suppl. 5: 31-32 (1932)
= Valeriana tripteroides Hand.-Mazz.; Hand.-Mazz. in Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 9: 173 (1934) not (Neuman) Kreyer (1929-1930)
species :
Valeriana flagellifera Batalin; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 374 (1894)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pseudodioica Pax & K.Hoffm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 496 (1922)
= Valeriana venusta L.Q.Qiu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 8: 45 (1986)
= Valeriana xiaheensis L.Q.Qiu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 8: 46 (1986)
species :
Valeriana fonkii Phil.; Linnaea 28: 698 (1856)
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén)
83 PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana crenata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 744 (1894)
= Valeriana spathulata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 1862(2): 397 (1862), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana fragilis Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 226 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Betckea heterophylla Phil.; Linnaea 28: 704 (1856)
= Valeriana heterophylla (Phil.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 106: 1016 (1900)
= Valeriana integrifolia Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 742 (1894)
species :
Valeriana gaimanensis N.Nagah.; Syst. Bot. 41(1): 248 (2016)
Distribution: S-Argentina
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana galeottiana M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11(1): 124 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia pratensis Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 39 (1843)
= Phyllactis pratensis (Benth.) Benth. & Hook.fil.; Gen. 2: 154 (1876)
= Valeriana pratensis (Benth.) Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 742 (1841), nom. illeg., non Dierbach
species :
Valeriana gallinae Barrie; Sida 13(3): 269 (1989)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana gilgiana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 435 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianopsis foliosa C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 347 (1885)
species :
Valeriana glaziovii Taub.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15(5, Beibl. 38): 10 (1893)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana glechomifolia F.G.Mey.; Madrono 15: 197 (1960)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana globiflora Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 43. t. 65, f. b. (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana globifera Pers.; Syn. 1: 37 (1805)
species :
Valeriana globularioides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 445 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana globularis A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 322 (1861)
Distribution: Peru; ?Bolivia
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pygmaea Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 446 (1906), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana gracilipes Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 231 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana lutescens Phil.; Linnaea 28: 699 (1858)
species :
Valeriana granataea Xena; Fl. Venezuela 5(1): 228 (1992)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
species :
Valeriana grandifolia Phil.; Linnaea 28: 700 (1856)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana grisiana Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 19 (1859)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana linearifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 500 (1926)
species :
Valeriana grossheimii Vorosch.; Seed List State Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS 8: 12 (1953)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana armena subsp. grossheimii (Vorosch.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 98: 41 (1975)
species :
Valeriana hadros Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 443 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana hardwickei Wall.; Fl. Ind., ed. 1820 1: 166-167 (1820)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Guangxi, Fujian, Guizhou, SW-Hubei, W-Hunan, JIangxi, SW-Sichuan, N-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Hazara, Chitral, Astor); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Java
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana acuminata Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 241 (1835), nom. nud.
= Valeriana arnottiana Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 741 (1841), nom. inval.
= Valeriana barbulata var. gymnostoma Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9: 177 (1934)
= Valeriana elata D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 159 (1825)
= Valeriana hardwickei var. hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch.) C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 213 (1881)
= Valeriana hardwickei var. leiocarpa Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 115 (1867)
= Valeriana helictes Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 600-601 (1901)
= Valeriana hoffmeisteri Klotzsch; Bot. Ergeb. Waldem. Reise, 84 (1862)
= Valeriana hookeriana Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 444 (1834)
= Valeriana javanica Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 919 (1826)
= Valeriana repens Wall.; Numer. List 14, no. 434 (1829), nomen
= Valeriana repens Wall. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 640 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana rhodoleuca H.B.Chen & C.Y.Cheng; Guihaia 12(2): 97-98, f. 1 (1992)
= Valeriana rosthornii Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 599-600 (1901)
= Valeriana tenera Wall. ex DC.; Prod. 4: 640 (1830)
= Valeriana udicola Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 328 (1914)
variant :
var. arnottiana Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: t. 1045 (1846)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana arnottiana Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. t. 1045-1046 (1846), non Steud.
species :
Valeriana hebecarpa DC.; Prod. 4: 638 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen); Chile (Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana columbaria Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 747 (1894)
species :
Valeriana hengduanensis D.Y.Hong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(4): 373-374, f. 2 (1992)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Valeriana henrici (Graebn.) B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 17 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Stangea henrici Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 449 (1906)
species :
Valeriana herrerae Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 572 (1926)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana hiemalis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 600 (1901)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Valeriana himachalensis V.Prakash & Mehrotra; Rheedea 4(1): 70 (1994)
Distribution: N-India (Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Valeriana himalayana Grubov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 19: 344 (1959), nom. nov.
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pusilla Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 241 (1835), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana hirtella Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 327 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Valeriana hirticalyx L.C.Chiu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 124, t. 1 (1979)
Distribution: China (Qinghai); NE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Valeriana hispidula Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 56 (1843)
Distribution: NE-Spain (Pyrenees); SW-France (Pyrenees)
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: officinalis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. hispidula (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 336 (1879)
species :
Valeriana hornschuchiana Walp.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 357 (1843)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bustillosii Phil.; Linnaea 33: 104 (1864)
= Valeriana rotundiloba Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 233 (1848)
species :
Valeriana hsui M.J.Jung; Phytotaxa 89(2): 47 (2013)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Valeriana humboldtii Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 365 (1833)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana hyalinarhiza Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 331 (1818)
= Valeriana mathewsii Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 345 (1914)
species :
Valeriana hunzikeri Borsini; Lilloa 30: 361 (1960)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana hyalinorrhiza Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 41. t. 67, f. b. (1798)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Biobío)
83 BOL 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia hyalinorrhiza (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 52 (1811)
= Oligacoce hyalinorrhiza (Ruiz & Pav.) Willd. ex DC.; Prod. 4: 638 (1830)
species :
Valeriana iganciana Rabuske & J.Külkamp; Phytotaxa 364(3): 276 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana imbricata Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 18: 501 (1928)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Aretiastrum imbricatum (Killip) Killip; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 13: VI. 289 (1937)
species :
Valeriana interrupta Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 42. t. 67, f. a. (1798)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Chile (Arica y Parinacota)
83 ECU PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia interrupta (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 41 (1811)
= Valeriana interrupta var. minor Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22:43 (1885)
= Valeriana pedicularioides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 442 (1906)
variant :
var. elatior (Graebn.) Killip; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13, pt. 6: 302 (1937)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana elatior Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 443 (1906)
= Valeriana pimpinelloides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 442 (1906)
species :
Valeriana isoetifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 456 (1925)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana jaeschkei C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 212 (1881), as ´jaeschkii´
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Valeriana jasminoides Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 336 (1914)
Name: Pelechuco
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Valeriana jatamansi Jones; As. Res. 2: 416 (1790); 4: 451 (1795)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (Chongqing, Guizhou, W-Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh); Myanmar; Vietnam
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana harmsii Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(4, Beibl. 59): 33 (1898)
= Valeriana hygrobia Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 329 (1914)
= Valeriana jatamansi var. frondosa Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9(8): 171-172 (1934)
= Valeriana jatamansi var. glabra Merr.; J. Arnold Arbor. 23(2): 196 (1942)
= Valeriana jatamansi var. hygrobia (Briq.) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9(8): 172-173 (1934)
= Valeriana mairei H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 24: 281 (1914)
= Valeriana spica Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 13 1805 (1806), nom. illegit.
= Valeriana villosa Wall.; Numer. List no. 433 (1829), nom. nud.
= Valeriana violifolia Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 213 (1854)
= Valeriana wallichii DC.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 4: 623 (1830)
species :
Valeriana jelenevskyi P.A.Smirn.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, Biol., no. s. 51: Livr. 2, 72 (1946)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alpicola Utkin ex Kapeller; Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. S.S.R. 8(1-2): 28 (1947)
species :
Valeriana johannae Weberling; Feddes Repert. 112(7-8): 469 (2001)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL PER
species :
Valeriana kamelinii B.A.Sharipova; Izv. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, Biol. Nauk, 1(98): 16 (1985)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Valeriana karstenii Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 356 (1914), nom. nov.
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar, Magdalena)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Porteria pubescens H.Karst.; Fl. Columb. 2: 99 (1865)
species :
Valeriana kaschmiriensis Kreyer ex Grubov; Notul. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 19: 343 (1959)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana jaeschkei var. kaschmiriensis (Kreyer ex Grubov) Y.J.Nasir; Fl. W. Pakistan, 101: 12 (1976)
species :
Valeriana kassarica Char. & Kapeller; Notul. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 21, 50 (1959)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Valeriana kawakamii Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 5: 82-83, t. 8 (1915)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Valeriana kilimandscharica Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. 19: Beibl. n. 47 48 (1894)
Distribution: Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana aberdarica T.C.E.Fr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 413 (1923)
= Valeriana elgonensis Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 234 (1922)
= Valeriana keniensis T.C.E.Fr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 412 (1923)
= Valeriana kilimandscharica subsp. aberdarica (T.C.E.Fr.) Hedberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 15: 183 (1957)
= Valeriana kilimandscharica subsp. elgonensis (Mildbr.) Hedberg; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 15: 182 (1957)
species :
Valeriana kurtziana Borsini; Lilloa 31: 145 (1962)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
species :
Valeriana laciniosa M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11(1): 121 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana macropoda Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 41: 252 (1905)
species :
Valeriana lancifolia Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 9: 181 (1934)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Valeriana lapathifolia Vahl; Enum. 2: 11 (1805)
Name: Hualhuilque, gualhuilque [Chile]
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis lapathifolia (Vahl) Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 172 (1899)
= Valeriana andonaegui Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 733 (1872)
= Valeriana cordata Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 6: 126 (1854)
= Valeriana cordata var. dentata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 742 (1894)
= Valeriana lindaviana Griseb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 426 (1899)
= Valeriana parnassiifolia Sandwith; Hook. Ic. Pl. 34: t. 3349 (1937)
species :
Valeriana lasiocarpa Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 24: 160 (1879)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana laurifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 328 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Santander); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pavonii Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 16. t. 215 (1845)
= Valeriana pavonii var. yungasensis Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 337 (1914)
= Valeriana trichiata Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 451 (1925)
species :
Valeriana laxiflora DC.; Prod. 4: 638 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia laxa (Hook. & Arn.) Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Misc. 3: 364 (1833)
= Fedia laxa Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy.: 28 (1830)
= Valeriana astrephioides Höck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 3(1): 53 (1882)
= Valeriana foliosa Phil.; Linnaea 28: 698 (1858)
= Valeriana laxa Phil.; Linnaea 28: 701 (1856)
= Valeriana laxiflora Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 41: 734 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana laxiflora var. cardaminifolia Poepp.; Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. Bras. 3: 17 (1841)
= Valeriana lyrata Phil.; Linnaea 33: 103 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana oxyrioides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 444 (1906)
= Valeriana pearcei Phil.; Linnaea 33: 101 (1864)
= Valeriana remota Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 42 (1885)
= Valeriana rupicola Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (Poepp. & Endlicher) 3: 16. t. 217 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana sparsiflora Clos; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 3(2): 218 (1848)
= Valerianella laxa (Hook. & Arn.) C.Presl; Repert. Bot. Syst.: 11 (1833)
species :
Valeriana laxissima Standl. & L.O.Williams; Ceiba 1: 252 (1951)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
species :
Valeriana ledoides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 445 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana lepidota Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 230 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana colchaguensis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 104 (1864)
= Valeriana maipoana Ravenna; Onira 11(13): 37 (2008)
species :
Valeriana leptothyrsos Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 425 (1899)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Valeriana leschenaultii DC.; Prod. 4: 640 (1830)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
variant :
var. brunoniana (Wight & Arn.) C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 214 (1881)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana aquatica Schltdl. ex C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 214 (1881)
= Valeriana brunoniana Wight & Arn.; Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 443 (1834)
species :
Valeriana leucocarpa DC.; Prod. 4: 638 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana chubutensis Speg.; Anales Mus. Buenos Aires 7: 297 (1902)
species :
Valeriana leucophaea DC.; Prodr. 4: 641 (1830)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bracteata Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 91 (1875) non Benth. 1845
species :
Valeriana longiflora Willk.; Flora (Regensb.) 34: 733 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. longiflora
Distribution: NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana exscapa Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 3 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. paui (Cámara) Montserrat; Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Medit. II. Bull. 15: 86 1972-73 (1974)
Distribution: N-Spain (Huesca)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana longiflora var. paui Cámara; Rev. Real Acad. Ci. Madrid 34: 268 (1940)
species :
Valeriana longitubulosa (Schmale) B.Eriksen; Fl. Gen. Páramos 463 (2005)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Belonanthus longitubulosus Schmale; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem xiu. 25 (1936)
species :
Valeriana lyrata Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 4 (1805)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana macbridei Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 454 (1925)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana hirsutissima Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci.,xv. 454 (1925)
species :
Valeriana macrorhiza Poepp. ex DC.; Prod. 4: 635 (1830)
Name: Triaca del cerro [Chile]
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Betckea gilliesii Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Misc. 3: 366 (1833)
= Phyllactis gilliesii (Hook. & Arn.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 33 (1859)
= Phyllactis macrorhiza (DC.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 33 (1859)
= Phyllactis macrorhiza var. pumila Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata (1897)
= Valeriana gilliesii (Hook. & Arn.) Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 439 (1919)
species :
Valeriana malvacea Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 439 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana mandoniana (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 54 (1882)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis mandoniana Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 34 (1859)
species :
Valeriana mandonii Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 264 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. mandonii
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
subspecies :
subsp. andina (Britton) Weberling; Feddes Repert. 116(5-6): 303 (301) (2005)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana andina Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 261 (1891)
species :
Valeriana mapirensis (Britton) Weberling; Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 127: 1271 (2014)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis mapirensis Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 263 (1891)
= Valeriana soratensis Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 346 (1914)
species :
Valeriana martjanovii Krylov; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 21: 9 (1903)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ TZK 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana saichanensis Kom.; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 30: 213 (1931 publ. 1932)
species :
Valeriana meonantha C.Y.Cheng & H.B.Chen; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 11(3): 37 (1991)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana merxmuelleri W.Seitz; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 88(3): 411 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana microphylla Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 325 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Nariño, Valle); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alophis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 432 (1899)
= Valeriana amphilophis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 433 (1899)
= Valeriana bonplandiana Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 19 (1858)
= Valeriana gonatolophis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 432 (1899)
= Valeriana hieronymi Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 431 (1899)
= Valeriana origanifolia Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25(II): 171 (1852)
= Valeriana revoluta Diels; Biblioth. Bot. 116: 155 (1937)
species :
Valeriana micropterina Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 26 (1859)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana poterioides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 441 (1906)
= Valeriana thalictroides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 443 (1906)
species :
Valeriana minutiflora Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 13(6): 233-234 (1939)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Valeriana montana L.; Sp. Pl. 32 (1753)
Name: Berg-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB
Remarks: montana agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alpigena Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 290 (1866)
= Valeriana ambigua Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österr. 2: II. (1893) 1140
= Valeriana cuspidata Bertol. ex DC.; Prod. 4: 636 (1830)
= Valeriana intermedia Sternb. & Hoppe; Denkschr. Bot. Ges. Regensb. 1: II. (1818) 88,89
= Valeriana montana subsp. ambigua (Gren. & Godr.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 323 (1882)
= Valeriana montana subsp. cuspidata Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 323 (1882)
= Valeriana montana subsp. hirsuticaulis Elly Walther; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s. 1: 162 (1949)
= Valeriana montana subsp. nemorensis F.Martini & Soldano; Fl. Vasc. Lombardia Centro-Orient. 1: 544 (2012), without description or type.
= Valeriana montana var. ambigua Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 2: 57 (1850)
= Valeriana montana var. minor Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 88 (1903)
= Valeriana montana var. pubescens Hausm.; 408 (1851)
= Valeriana montana var. rotundifolia (Vill.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 2: 93 (1835)
= Valeriana montana var. scrophulariifolia (Pourr.) Merino; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 14: 57 (1916), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana montana var. scrophulariifolia (Pourr.) Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 88 (1903)
= Valeriana montana var. tarraconensis Pau ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 101 (1983)
= Valeriana montana var. ternata Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 2: 93 (1835)
= Valeriana montana var. ternata Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 291 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana montana var. transiens Elly Walther; 165 (1949)
= Valeriana montana var. valentina Pau; Cavanillesia 8: 111 (1937)
= Valeriana phu Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 18 (1813) non L. 1753
= Valeriana rotundifolia var. tripartita Gamisans; Candollea 26: 350 (1971)
= Valeriana rotundifolia Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 283 (1787)
= Valeriana scrophulariifolia Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 331 (1788)
= Valeriana sternbergii Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österr. 2: II. (1893) 1140
= Valeriana tripartita (Gamisans) J.-M.Tison; Evaxiana 8: 223 (2021)
species :
Valeriana moonii Arn. ex C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 213 (1881)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana hardwickii Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 159 (1859) (non Wall.)
= Valeriana villosa Moon; Cat. Pl. Ceyl. 5 (1824) (non Thunb.)
species :
Valeriana moorei Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 41 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana moyanoi Speg.; Rev. Agron. La Plata, 607 (1897)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana fonkii var. spiciformis Dusén; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8, Suppl. 250, pl. 3 (1915)
= Valeriana radicalis var. patagonica Hicken ex Donat; Darwiniana 2: 70 (1930)
species :
Valeriana muelleri Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26(3-4): 435 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianopsis angustifolia C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(4): 346 (1885)
species :
Valeriana munozii Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 344 (1944)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana murrayi Krasnob. & Berkut.; Sibir. Biol. Zhurn. 1991(3): 33 (1993)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Magadan)
31 RFE
species :
Valeriana mussooriensis V.Prakash, Aswal & Mehrotra; Ethnobotany, 1(1-2): 47 (1989 publ. 1990)
Distribution: India (Uttarakhand)
40 IND
species :
Valeriana nahuelbutae Penneck.; Phytotaxa 441(2): 217 (2020)
Distribution: Chile
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana naidae Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 32 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana neglecta R.Bernal; Kew Bull. 64(4): 723 (2010)
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar, Magdalena)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana nelsonii Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 41: 253 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana nigricans Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 442 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana niphobia Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 347 (1914)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Belonanthus crassipes (Wedd.) Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 447 (1906)
= Belonanthus hispidus (Wedd.) Graebn.; Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 37:447 (1906)
= Phyllactis crassipes Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 29 (1859)
= Phyllactis hispida Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 29 (1859)
= Valeriana crassipes (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 56 (1882)
= Valeriana exscapa Griseb.; Lechler, Berberid. Amer. Austral.: 57 (1857), nom. nud.
= Valeriana hispida (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 56 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana nivalis Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 23 (1859)
Name: Waji [Chile]
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama)
83 BOL 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana altoandina Cabrera; Fl. Prov. Jujuy (Inst. Nac. Tecn. Agropec., 13) 9: 452 (1993), nom. nov.
= Valeriana macrorhiza var. pumila Speg.
species :
Valeriana oaxacana Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 52 (2003), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana affinis M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 11(1): 123 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana densiflora var. affinis (Martens & Galeotti) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 457 (1951)
species :
Valeriana oblongifolia Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 40 (1798)
Distribution: Peru; ?Bolivia
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia oblongifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Nat. Valér.: 60 (1811)
species :
Valeriana obtusifolia DC.; Prod. 4: 635 (1830)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana aegialitis Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 741 (1894)
= Valeriana araucana Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 744 (1894)
= Valeriana crassicaulis Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 746 (1894)
= Valeriana obovata Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 221 (1848)
species :
Valeriana occidentalis A.Heller; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 269 (1898)
Name: Western valerian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA
species :
Valeriana officinalis L.; Sp. Pl. 31 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. officinalis
Name: Echter Arznei-Baldrian (DE), Garden valerian (EN)
Distribution: Sweden; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; +San Marino; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Colombia [I]
10 SWE 11 CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA 13 ALB BIH GRC ITA SMA 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 82 clm
Remarks: officinalis agg., diploids 2n (14). There might be too many listed synonyms because some will belong to other species of the group
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana altissima J.C.Mikan ex Besser; Enum. Pl. 4 (1822), nom. illeg., non Hornem. 1815
= Valeriana baltica Pleijel; Bot. Not. 1907: 267 (1907)
= Valeriana collina f. eriocarpa Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 538 (1841)
= Valeriana collina f. leiocarpa Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 538 (1841)
= Valeriana coreana subsp. pseudoumbrosa (Vorosch.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 143: 31 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Valeriana divaricata Huter; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 333 (1858)
= Valeriana exaltata J.C.Mikan ex Pohl; Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 41 (1809)
= Valeriana lucida DC.; Prodr. 4: 641 (1830)
= Valeriana major Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 318 (1776)
= Valeriana multiceps var. dentata Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 539 (1841)
= Valeriana multiceps var. incisa Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 539 (1841)
= Valeriana multiceps Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 539 (Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 169) (1840)
= Valeriana officinalis lusus glabriuscula Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 80 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis f. angustifolia (Rupr.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis f. exaltata (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis f. incisa (Rupr.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 80 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis f. integrifolia Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 79 (1861)
= Valeriana officinalis f. pilosa Podp.; 32 (1922)
= Valeriana officinalis f. pubescens Podp.; 32 (1922)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. baltica (Pleijel) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. communis Schübl. & G.Martens; 25 (1834)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. exaltata (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Wirtg.; 225 (1857), nom. inval.
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. latifolia (Vahl) Schübl. & G.Martens; 25 (1834)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. vulgaris Celak.; 270 (1871)
= Valeriana officinalis var. altissima (J.C.Mikan ex Besser) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 337 (1837)
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia (Rupr.) Regel & Herder; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(I): 13 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia Hayne; Getreue Darstell. Gew. 3: t. 32 (1813)
= Valeriana officinalis var. exaltata (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Kostel.; Clav. Anal. Fl. Bohem. 9 (1824)
= Valeriana officinalis var. latifolia Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 6 (1805)
= Valeriana officinalis var. major Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 25 (1827)
= Valeriana officinalis var. media Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 105 (1827)
= Valeriana officinalis var. minor Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 25 (1827)
= Valeriana officinalis var. montana Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 478 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Valeriana officinalis var. palustris Wibel; 87 (1799)
= Valeriana officinalis var. sarkanyi Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 172 (1973)
= Valeriana palustris Kreyer; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 192 (1924), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana palustris var. exaltata (J.C.Mikan ex Pohl) Kreyer; 192 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana palustris var. integella Kreyer; 192 (1924)
= Valeriana palustris var. vulgaris Kreyer; 192 (1924)
= Valeriana pinnata Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 454 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Valeriana provisa Kreyer; 143 (1930)
= Valeriana pseudoumbrosa Vorosch.; Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS, No. 38, 51 (1960)
= Valeriana sylvestris Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. I. 609 (1764)
= Valeriana sylvestris Groschke; Keyserling & Dersch, Beschr. Prov. Kurland: 110 (1805)
= Valeriana vulgaris Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 293 (1899)
= Valeriana vulgaris var. angustifolia Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 503 (1860)
= Valeriana vulgaris var. incisa Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 503 (1860)
= Valeriana vulgaris var. intermedia Rupr.; Fl. Ingrica: 503 (1860)
variant :
var. tenuifolia Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 6 (1805)
Distribution: C-Europe; Germany; Spain; Andorra; France; European Russia; Ukraine; etc.
11 GER 12 ADO FRA SPA 14 RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana collina subsp. tenuifolia (Vahl) Á.Löve & D.Löve; 55 (1961)
= Valeriana dioica var. hispidula (Boiss.) Pau; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 20: 129 (1922)
= Valeriana officinalis f. tenuifolia (Vahl) Neuman; Sver. Fl. 101 (1901)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. angustifolia Oborny; Fl. Mähren 3: 723 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. tenuifolia (Vahl) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg 25 (1834)
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec. 1: 19 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis var. vayredana Sennen ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 100 (1983)
= Valeriana tenuissima Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 288 (1866), pro syn.
subspecies :
subsp. nemorensis (B.Turk) F.Martini & Soldano; Inform. Bot. Ital. 46: 80 (2014)
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana nemorensis B.Turk; Jogan & Wraber, Fl. Veg. Slovenije: 47 (1992)
species :
Valeriana olenaea Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(2): 118 (1856)
Distribution: S-Greece (N-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
species :
Valeriana oligantha Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 72 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Valeriana organensis Gardner; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 4: 112 (1845)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianopsis organensis C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 348 (1885)
species :
Valeriana otomiana Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 36 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana palmeri A.Gray ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 417 (1887)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana fistulosa Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 343 (1914)
= Valeriana langlassei Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 341 (1914)
species :
Valeriana paniculata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 41. t. 70, f. a. (1798)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Valeriana papilla Bertero ex DC.; Prod. 4: 638 (1830)
Name: Papilla [Chile]
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana berteroi Colla; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 38: 5 (1835)
= Valeriana papilla var. andicola Gay; Fl. Chil. 3: 222 (1848)
species :
Valeriana pardoana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 440 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana parviflora (Trevis.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 57 (1882)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Porteria parviflora Trevir.; Bot. Zeit. 11: 354 (1853)
= Valeriana parviflora (Trevis.) V.M.Badillo; Pittier et al., Cat. Fl. Venez. 2: (3rd Conf. Interamer. Agric. Caracas) 466 (1947)
species :
Valeriana parvula Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 500 (1926)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Valeriana pauciflora Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 18 (1803)
Name: Largeflower valerian
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
species :
Valeriana paucijuga Sumnev.; Trav. Inst. Sci. Biol., Tomsk 2: 56 (1936)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva)
30 SIB
species :
Valeriana paulae (Graebn.) Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 149 (2018)
Distribution: Peru; Chile (Tarapacá)
83 PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Stangea paulae Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 450 (1906)
species :
Valeriana peltata Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 229 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana crispa Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 27 (1830) nom. illeg.
= Valeriana pterocarpa Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 28 (1830), in nota
species :
Valeriana pennellii Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 499 (1926)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana petersenii Weberling & Reese-Krug; Bot. Jahrb., 118(2): 160 (1996)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Oruro, Potosí); Chile (Arica y Parinacota)
83 BOL PER 85 CLE
species :
Valeriana petrophila Bunge; Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 54 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia); Afghanistan (Laghman); Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram)
30 SIB 34 AFG 37 MON 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valerianella petrophila (Bunge) Krok; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 5(1): 98 (1864)
= Valerianella pterophila (Bunge) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 743 (1841)
species :
Valeriana philippiana Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 333 (1914)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pulchella Phil.; Linnaea 33: 1864 (1865) 102, non M. Martens & Galeotti
species :
Valeriana phu L.; Sp. Pl. 32 (1753)
Name: Garten-Baldrian, Theriakkraut, Phu-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy [I]; +Algeria; Northern Caucasus [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia)
11 ger 13 ita 20 ALG 33 ncs 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana hortensis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 359 (1779)
= Valeriana laeta Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 56 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana laevicaulis Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 95 (1812)
= Valeriana officinalis var. uliginosa (Wender.) Wigand; 246 (1859)
= Valeriana phu var. major Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; 549 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana uliginosa Wender.; 7 (1846), non (Torr. & A. Gray) Rydb.
species :
Valeriana phylicoides (Turcz.) Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 355 (1914)
Distribution: Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Trujillo)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblyorhinum phylicoides Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 171 (1852)
species :
Valeriana pilosa Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 39. t. 66, f. a. (1798)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana longifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 330 (1818)
= Valeriana longifolia var. pilosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 21 (1859), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana plantaginea Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 329 (1818)
= Valeriana plantaginea var. minor Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 21 (1859)
species :
Valeriana pilosiuscula M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11(1): 122 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Michoacan, México State, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Guerrero)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana pinnatifida Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 40. t. 69, f. b. (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana brachiata Pers.; Syn. 1: 37 (1805)
species :
Valeriana plateadensis Á.J.Pérez, C.H.Perss. & J.N.Zapata; Phytotaxa 579(1): 48 (2022)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana plectritoides Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 441 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana oligodonta Killip; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 21: 351 (1931)
= Valeriana plectritoides var. pallida Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 442 (1906)
species :
Valeriana polemoniifolia Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 743 (1894)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana caudata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 743 (1894)
= Valeriana germainii Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 336 (1914)
= Valeriana pilosa Phil.; Linnaea 28: 702 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana pugae Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 746 (1894)
species :
Valeriana polybotrya (Griseb.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 55 (1882)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis polybotrya Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 19: 162 (1874)
species :
Valeriana polyclada Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 343 (1914)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Tarija)
83 BOL
species :
Valeriana polystachya Sm.; Pl. Ic. Ined. t. 51 (1791)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rivera, San Jose); Argentina (Argentina Distrito Federal, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia polystachya (Sm.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 51 (1811)
= Fedia polystachya (Sm.) Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 13: 304 (1805)
= Oligacoce polystachya (Sm.) Willd. ex DC.; Prod. 4: 639 (1830)
= Phyllactis polystachya (Sm.) Benth. & Hook.fil. ex Griseb.; Symb. Fl. Argent.: 160 (1879)
= Valeriana glomerulosa Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 20: 440 (1919)
= Valeriana polystachya var. breviloba Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 126 (1898)
= Valerianopsis polystachya (Sm.) C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 350 (1885)
species :
Valeriana potopensis Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 335 (1914)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana humahuacensis Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 315 (1944)
species :
Valeriana praecipitis A.E.Villarroel & Menegoz; PhytoKeys 189: 85, figs. 2-4 (2022)
Distribution: Chile (Nuble)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana pratensis Dierb.; Syst. Uebers. Heidelb. Gewächse 7 (1827) ex Walter, Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ges. 2, Beih. 1: 83 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. pratensis
Name: Hügel-Baldrian, Schmalblättriger Arznei-Baldrian, Wiesen-Arzneibaldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; W-Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; E-France; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Greece; Lithuania; SE-European Russia; Ukraine; etc.
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC SLV 14 LIT RUS UKR
Remarks: officinalis agg., tetraploids 2n (28)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana collina subsp. pratensis (Dierb. ex Walter) Á.Löve & D.Löve; 55 (1961), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana collina Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 537 (1841), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana intermedia Peterm.; non Vahl
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. collina Wallr. ex Nyman; Consp. 336 (1879)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. pratensis (Dierb.) Soó; 194 (1958)
= Valeriana officinalis var. pratensis (Dierb.) Dierb.; 245 (1827)
= Valeriana stolonifera subsp. intermedia (Peterm.) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 208 (1972)
= Valeriana stolonifera subsp. pratensis (Dierb. ex Walter) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 208 (1972)
= Valeriana stolonifera subsp. pratensis (Dierb.) Soó; 208 (1972), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana tenuifolia Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 1 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana wallrothii subsp. intermedia (Peterm.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 10 (1984)
= Valeriana wallrothii subsp. pratensis (Dierb. ex Walter) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 10 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolia (Soó) Kirschner, Buttler & Hand; Kochia 3: 83 (2008)
Name: Hügel-Wiesen-Baldrian, Hügel-Arznei-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: C-Europe; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); etc.
11 BGM GER LUX
Remarks: officinalis agg., tetraploids 2n (28)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana angustifolia Tausch; (1821-1825), nom. inval. non Mill. (1768)
= Valeriana angustifolia Tausch ex Host; Fl. Austriaca 1: 36 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana collina f. brevipetiolata Elly Walther; 22 (1949), nom. inval.
= Valeriana collina f. longipetiolata Elly Walther; 22 (1949), nom. inval.
= Valeriana collina var. simplex Wallr.; 167 (1840), nom. inval.
= Valeriana officinalis f. major Wirtg.; 225 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis f. minor Wirtg.; 225 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. angustifolia (Tausch) Oborny; 723 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia (Tausch) W.D.J.Koch; (nom. illeg.)
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia Günther, Grab. & Wimm.; 7 (1824), nom. inval.
= Valeriana officinalis var. angustifolia St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 401 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana officinalis var. minor Schltdl.; 22 (1823)
= Valeriana officinalis var. montana Wibel; 87 (1799)
= Valeriana stolonifera subsp. angustifolia (Tausch) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83: 208 (1972)
= Valeriana wallrothii Kreyer; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, 1929-30 23: No. 1, 185 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. franconica Buttler ex Meierott & T.Gregor; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 86: 33 (2016)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Thüringen); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: officinalis agg., tetraploids 2n (28)
species :
Valeriana prionophylla Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 18: 1384 (1938)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pumilio Standl. & L.O.Williams; Ceiba 1: 253 (1951)
= Valeriana skutchii Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 22: 59 (1940)
species :
Valeriana protenta B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 24 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Valeriana psychrophila Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 331 (1914)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Valeriana pulchella M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Brux. 11(1): 123 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana woodsonii Standl.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 346 (1940)
species :
Valeriana pulvinata (Rauh & Willer) Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 149 (2018)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis pulvinata Rauh & Willer; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 82: 268 (1963)
species :
Valeriana punctata F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 17: 119 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. punctata
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
subspecies :
subsp. trichophylla B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 23 (1989)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana pycnantha A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 322 (1861)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta)
83 BOL 85 ARG CLE
species :
Valeriana pyramidalis Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 331 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana quitensis Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 337 (1914)
species :
Valeriana pyrenaica L.; Sp. Pl. 33 (1753)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; N-Spain (Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica); Andorra; SW-France
10 grb ire 12 ADO FRA SPA
species :
Valeriana pyricarpa Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 337 (1944)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Valeriana pyrolifolia Decne.; Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 85. t. 93 (1844)
Distribution: Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bracteata Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 241 (1835), nom. nud.
species :
Valeriana quadrangularis Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 326 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana tenuis F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 17: 116 (1965)
species :
Valeriana quindiensis Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 451 (1925)
Distribution: Colombia (Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana quirorana Xena; Fl. Venezuela 5(1): 240 (1992), nom. nov.
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana foliosa Pittier & Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 425, non Phil. (1926)
species :
Valeriana radicalis Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 215 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana andina F.Meigen; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17(3-4): 276, 293 (1893)
species :
Valeriana radicata Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 436 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana reitziana Borsini; Lilloa 31: 161 (1962)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana renifolia Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 453 (1925)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana reverdattoana Sumnev.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 6 (1935)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana rhizantha A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 322 (1861)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Stangea emiliae Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 449 (1906)
= Stangea rhizantha (A.Gray) Killip; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 13: VI. 317 (1937)
species :
Valeriana rigida Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 39. t. 65, f. c (1798)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Santander); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis rigida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.; Syn. 1: 39 (1805)
variant :
var. tenuifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) B.Eriksen ex B.León & J.Roque; Arnaldoa 17(1): 53 (2011)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis rigida var. tenuifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) B.B.Larsen; Nordic J. Bot. 6: 437 (1986)
= Phyllactis tenuifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.; Syn. 1: 39 (1805)
= Valeriana tenuifolia Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 39. t. 65, f. d (1798)
species :
Valeriana robertianifolia Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 342 (1914)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON PAN 82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana delicata Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 23: 255 (1947)
= Valeriana venezuelana Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 338 (1914)
species :
Valeriana rosaliana F.G.Mey.; Brittonia 31(1): 101 (1979)
Distribution: Venezuela (Tachira)
82 VEN
species :
Valeriana rossica P.A.Smirn.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 12 (1935)
Distribution: E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana capillosa Kreyer; Issled. Rabota Mogilevsk. Opytn. Stantsii Lek. Rast. 1921-1925: 55 (1926)
= Valeriana dubia subsp. rossica (P.A.Smirn.) Vorosch.
= Valeriana pseudodubia Sumnev.; Trav. Inst. Sci. Biol., Tomsk 2: 53 (1936)
= Valeriana spryginii P.A.Smirn.; Mem. Mus. Etat Reg. Industr. Centr. 4: 7 (1927)
= Valeriana sumneviczii Vorosch.; Medicin. Valer. (Publ. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS) 124 (1959)
species :
Valeriana roylei Klotzsch. & Garcke; Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar 83 (1862)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand)
40 IND
species :
Valeriana rudychazaroi Cházaro, Franc.Gut. & J.R.Carral; PhytoKeys 236: 147 (2023)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: highly endangered, as epiphyte on oaks
species :
Valeriana rufescens Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 352 (1931)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana ruizlealii Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 349 (1944)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, San Juan)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana rumicoides Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 22 (1859)
Distribution: Colombia (Caldas, Cauca, Nariño, Tolima); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Valeriana rusbyi Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 264 (1891)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Valeriana rzedowskiorum Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 43 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, México State, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana salicariifolia Vahl; Enum. 2: 16 (1805)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Rio Negro, Rivera, San Jose); Argentina (Buenos Aires)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis salicariifolia (Vahl) Speg.; Nov. Add. Fl. Patag. 1: repr. 67 (1901)
= Valerianopsis salicariifolia (Vahl) C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6: 4: 347 (1885)
species :
Valeriana saliunca All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 3 (1785)
Name: Felsschutt-Baldrian
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria; France; Italy (Alps, C-Appennini)
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana supina DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 4: 237 (1805), nom. illeg.
species :
Valeriana samolifolia (Bertero) Colla; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 38: 4 (1835)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut); Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Betckea major Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 2: 30 (1836)
= Betckea samolifolia (Bertero) DC.; Prodr. 4: 642 (1830)
= Fedia samolifolia Bertero; Bull. Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 20: 111 (1830)
= Plectritis congesta var. major (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Dyal; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 42: 486 (1949)
= Plectritis major Höck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 3: 37 (1882)
= Plectritis samolifolia F.Meigen; Bot. Jahrb. 17: 276 (1893), et 18: 400 et 461 (1894)
= Plectritis samolifolia var. pusilla Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires (1902)
= Plectritis samolifolia (Bertero) Höck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 3: 37 (1882)
= Valerianella samolifolia (Bertero) A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 83 (1883)
species :
Valeriana saxatilis L.; Sp. Pl. 33 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. saxatilis
Name: Felsen-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia (E- & EC-Alps, N-Appennini)
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 13 CRO ITA SLV
subspecies :
subsp. pancicii (Halácsy & Bald.) Ockendon; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 71: 274 (1976)
Distribution: Montenegro (Crna Gora); Albania
13 ALB MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana celtica subsp. pancicii (Halácsy & Bald.) Weberling; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 119 (1-3): 96 (1971)
= Valeriana pancicii Halácsy & Bald.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 408 (1891)
= Valeriana sanguisorbae Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 37 (1805)
species :
Valeriana saxicola C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 49 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana utkinii Kapeller; Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinsk. S.S.R. 8(1-2): 29 (1947)
species :
Valeriana scandens Loefl. ex L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2.: 47 (1762)
Name: Florida valerian (EN)
Distribution: USA (Florida); Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Puerto Rico; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Quindío, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo); Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Concepcion); Uruguay (Colonia); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta)
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON PAN 81 CUB HIS PUE 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana phaseoli A.Braun; Index Seminum hort. Berol. 1851(App.): 13 (1851)
= Valeriana regnellii Sond.; Linnaea 22: 573 (1849)
= Valeriana scandens var. angustifolia C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6, pt. 4: 344 (1885)
= Valeriana volubilis Moc. & Sessé ex DC.; Prod. 4: 634 (1830)
species :
Valeriana schachristanica Kamelin & B.A.Sharipova; Izv. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, Biol. Nauk, 1(98): 18 (1985)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Valeriana scouleri Rydb.; Mem. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 377 (1900)
Name: Scouler´s valerian
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (California, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana adamsiana Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 196 (1939)
= Valeriana capitata var. hookeri (Shuttlew.) Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 48 (1841)
= Valeriana follettiana Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 197 (1939)
= Valeriana hookeri Shuttlew.; Flora 20: 450 (1837)
= Valeriana humboldtiana Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 198 (1939)
= Valeriana laevigata Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 869 (1821), nom. nud.
= Valeriana pauciflora Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri (Rydb.) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 398 (1951)
= Valeriana sitchensis var. hookeri (Shuttlew.) G.N.Jones; Fl. Pl. Ferns Mt. Rainier: 175 (1938)
= Valeriana sitchensis var. scouleri (Rydb.) Piper; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 11: 533 (1906)
species :
Valeriana secunda B.Eriksen; Fl. Ecuador, 34(186): 32 (1989)
Distribution: Colombia (Meta); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Valeriana sedifolia d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 4: 612 (1826)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Aretiastrum azorelloides (Speg.) Skottsb.; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., n.f. 56(5): 132 (1916)
= Aretiastrum magellanicum (Speg.) Skottsb.; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., n.f. 56(5): 132 (1916)
= Aretiastrum sedifolium (d´Urv.) Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 448 (1906)
= Phyllactis magellanica (Decne.) Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 172 (1899)
= Phyllactis magellanica var. azorelloides Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 172 (1899)
= Phyllactis sedifolia (d´Urv.) Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 31 (1859), in textu.
= Valeriana magellanica Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne.; d´Urv., Voy. Pôle Sud 2: 54 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana magellanica var. azorelloides (Speg.) Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8: 748 (1905)
= Valeriana sedifolia Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patag. 8: 749 (1905)
= Valeriana sedoides Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne.; Bot. Voy. Astrol. et Zel. 53 (1853)
species :
Valeriana selerorum Graebn. & Loes.; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 53: 86 (1911 publ. 1912)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Durango, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana arsenei Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 340 (1914)
species :
Valeriana senecioides Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 735 (1872)
Distribution: Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana serrata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 40. t. 68, f. c. (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia serrata (Ruiz & Pav.) Dufr.; Hist. Valer. 50 (1811)
species :
Valeriana serratifolia J.M.Acosta, L.Salomón & C.A.Zanotti; Syst. Bot. 40(3): 925 (2015)
Distribution: Argentina (Salta)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana sichuanica D.Y.Hong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(4): 371-373, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Valeriana sisymbriifolia Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 7 (1805)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Chitral, Kurram, Astor)
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 40 PAK
species :
Valeriana sitchensis Bong.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VI. 2: 145 (1833)
Name: Sitka valerian
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana anomala Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 22 (1941)
= Valeriana frigidorum Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 37 (1918)
= Valeriana micrantha E.Nelson; Erythea 7: 166 (1899)
= Valeriana suksdorfii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 36 (1918)
species :
Valeriana siyuaniana S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 56 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana smithii Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 18: 499 (1928)
Distribution: Colombia (Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana sobraliana Rabuske & Iganci; Phytotaxa 423(1): 13 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina, Paraná)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana sorbifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 332 (1818)
Name: Pineland valerian
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Quindío); Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo); Ecuador; Bolivia (La Paz)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana gracilis Benth.; Pl. Hartw.: 196 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana tenella Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 455 (1925)
= Valeriana toluccana DC.; Prod. 4: 640 (1830)
variant :
var. mexicana (DC.) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 38(4): 475 (1951)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, Michoacan, Queretaro, Valle de Mexico to Chiapas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Astrephia mexicana (DC.) Seem.; Bot. Voy. Herald, 297 (1856)
= Valeriana mexicana DC.; Prod. 4: 640 (1830)
species :
Valeriana spathulata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 40 (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Belonanthus spathulatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Schmale; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem xiu. 26 (1936)
= Phyllactis spathulata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.; Syn. 1: 39 (1805)
species :
Valeriana speluncaria Boiss.; Fl. 3: 88 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. glabriuscula Contandr. & Quézel; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 123(7-8): 428 (1976)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Valeriana sphaerocarpa Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 730 (1872)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana sphaerocephala Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 441 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana sphaerophora Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 440 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana spicata (Turcz.) Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 354 (1914)
Distribution: Colombia (Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblyorhinum spicatum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 170 (1852)
= Phyllactis cordifolia Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 32 (1859)
= Porteria rotundifolia H.Karst.; Fl. Columb. 2: 99 (1865)
= Porteria spicata Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 25(2): 173 (1852)
= Valeriana cordifolia (Wedd.) Höck; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 3: 54 (1882)
species :
Valeriana spiroflora B.B.Larsen; Nordic J. Bot. 6(4): 443 (1986)
Distribution: Colombia (Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana stenophylla Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 18: 500 (1928)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana stenoptera Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 295-296 (1912)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana stenoptera var. cardaminea Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9(8): 180 (1934)
species :
Valeriana stolonifera Czern.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 18(2): 133 (1845)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
Remarks: officinalis agg., tetraploids 2n (28)
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana pratensis subsp. stolonifera (Czern.) Buttler, Hand & Kirschner; Kochia (2008)
= Valeriana angustifolia subsp. stolonifera (Czern.) Rostañski
= Valeriana collina var. stolonifera Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 537 (1841)
species :
Valeriana stracheyi C.B.Clarke; Fl. Br. Ind. 3: 212 (1881)
Distribution: Pakistan (Gilgit, Baltistan, Swat, Hazara, Murree); Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP PAK
species :
Valeriana stricta Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 235 (1848)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana elegans Clos; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 3(2): 236 (1848)
= Valeriana glauca Poepp. ex DC.; DC., Prodr. 4: (1830)
= Valeriana glauca var. elegans (Clos) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 106: 1016 (1900)
species :
Valeriana stuckertii Briq; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve. 20: 442 (1919)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, San Luis)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana subincisa Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 39 (1843)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana ghiesbreghtii Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 345 (1914)
species :
Valeriana subsessilifolia D.Y.Hong
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Valeriana supina Ard.; Animadvers. Bot. Spec. Alt. p. (xIII.) (1764)
Name: Zwerg-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); SE-Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT GER SWI 13 ITA SLV
species :
Valeriana tachirensis Xena; Fl. Venezuela 5(1): 247 (1992)
Distribution: Venezuela (Tachira)
82 VEN
species :
Valeriana tafiensis Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 333 (1944)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana urticifolia var. coarctata Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 161 (1879)
species :
Valeriana tajuvensis Sobral; Novon 9(1): 114 (1999)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Valeriana tanacetifolia F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 480 (1951)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana tangutica Batalin; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13(2): 375-376 (1894)
Distribution: China (Gansu, SW-Nei Mongol, NW-Ningxia, Qinghai); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Valeriana tatamana Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 452 (1925)
Distribution: Colombia (Risaralda); Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Valeriana tessendorffiana Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 438 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana texana Steyerm.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 19: 393 (1932)
Name: Guadalupe valerian
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas)
77 USA
species :
Valeriana theodorici (Weberling) B.Eriksen; Fl. Gen. Páramos 463 (2005)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Belonanthus theodorici Weberling; Feddes Repert. 114(7-8): 438 (Dec. 2003) (2003)
species :
Valeriana tiliifolia Troitsky; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, Ann. xiii-xiv. 91 (1919)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alliariifolia var. tiliifolia (Troitsky) K.Engel; Beitr. Syst. Valerianaceae Berücksicht. Cytosyst. Ergebno. 61 (1976), without basionym date
= Valeriana iryatonica E.A.Busch; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 285 (1937)
= Valeriana klukhorica Kem.-Nath.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 15: 80 (1949)
species :
Valeriana tomentosa Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 327 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana espinosae Diels; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 786 (1942)
= Valeriana friasana Schmale; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 41: 292 (1937)
species :
Valeriana transjenisensis Kreyer; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, 1929-30 23: No. 1, 71 (1930)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Primorye); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana arctica Sumnev.; Trudy Biol. Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 2: 60 (1936)
= Valeriana incisa Sumnev.; Lekarstv. Valeriana officinalis Aziatsk. chasti SSSR: 51 (1941)
= Valeriana kreyeriana Sumnev.; Trudy Biol. Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 2: 51 (1936)
= Valeriana umbrosa Sumnev.; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 1935(1-2): 9 (1935)
species :
Valeriana trichomanes Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 445 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana trichostoma Hand.-Mazz.; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. 60: 117 (1923 publ. 1924)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana muliensis S.K.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(3): 239 (1987)
species :
Valeriana triphylla Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 326 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Tachira); Peru
82 CLM VEN 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllactis mutisiana Wedd.; Chlor. Andina 2: 32 (1858)
= Valeriana mutisiana (Wedd.) Höck; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 3: 54 (1882)
= Valeriana oblongifolia (H.Karst.) Cuatrec.; Trab. Mus. Cienc. Nat., Madrid, Ser. Bot., No. 27, Cuadro 7 (1934)
species :
Valeriana triplinervis (Turcz.) Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 353 (1914)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Amblyorhinum triplinerve Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25: II. 170 (1852)
= Valeriana triplinervis f. biternata Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1913: 43 (1913)
= Valeriana triplinervis f. latifolia Bolzon; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 20: 329 (1913)
= Valeriana triplinervis var. pinnata Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1904: 32 (1904)
species :
Valeriana tripteris L.; Sp. Pl. 32 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. tripteris
Name: Dreischnittiger Baldrian, Stein-Baldrian (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N-, NE- & WC-Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: montana agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana alpina Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 290 (1899), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana amoena Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 56 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Valeriana bijuga Simonk. ex Blocki; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 352 (1892)
= Valeriana dacica Porcius; Magyar Novenyt. Lapok 9: 127 (1885)
= Valeriana elongata Geners. ex Wahlenb.; Fl. Carpat. Princ.: 11 (1814), nom. inval.
= Valeriana heterophylla Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transs. 57 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana hoppii Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 12: 34 (1850)
= Valeriana intermedia Vahl; Enum. 2: 9 (1805)
= Valeriana montana subsp. tripteris (L.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 271 (1871)
= Valeriana montana var. dentata Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 89 (1903)
= Valeriana montana var. gracilis Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 89 (1903)
= Valeriana montana var. incisa Rouy & E.G.Camus; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 89 (1903)
= Valeriana sisymbriifolia Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 290 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Valeriana transsilvanica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 290 (1866)
= Valeriana tripteris f. bijuga (Simonk.) Rostanski; Pawl., 357, 351 (1967)
= Valeriana tripteris subsp. austriaca Elly Walther; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1(1): 155 (1949)
= Valeriana tripteris subsp. heterophylla (Baumg.) Rostanski; Fl. Polska 11: 367 (1967)
= Valeriana tripteris subsp. intermedia (Vahl) Schübl. & G.Martens; 25 (1834)
= Valeriana tripteris subsp. occidentalis Elly Walther; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s. 1: 153 (1949)
= Valeriana tripteris subsp. tomentella Elly Walther; 152 (1949)
= Valeriana tripteris var. bijuga (Simonk.) Simonk.; 289 (1887)
= Valeriana tripteris var. carpatica Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 172 (1973)
= Valeriana tripteris var. heterophylla Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 1: 57 (1816)
= Valeriana tripteris var. hoppei (Rchb.) Nyman; 157 (1889)
= Valeriana tripteris var. intermedia (Vahl) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 370 (1843)
= Valeriana tripteris var. minor Uechtr.; 236 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. tarraconensis (Pau) Devesa, J.López, F.M.Vázquez & R.Gonzalo; Lagascalia 25: 258 (2005)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana tarraconensis (Pau) L.Sáez & Aymerich; Orsis 31: 33 (2017)
= Valeriana tripteris var. tarraconensis Pau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 1: 31 (1915)
species :
Valeriana tuberifera Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 428 (1899)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Valeriana tuberosa L.; Sp. Pl. 33 (1753)
Name: Knollen-Baldrian
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus)
12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT SIC SLV SRB 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 34 CYP TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bulbosa Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 1: 148 (1771)
= Valeriana monorrhiza Dufr.; Hist. Nat. Valér.: 44 (1811)
= Valeriana tuberosa proles lusitanica Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 552 (1947), nom. inval.
= Valeriana tuberosa var. ateridoi Pau & Vidal; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 26: 354 (1926)
species :
Valeriana tucumana Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 357 (1944)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana tunuyanense Méndez; Darwiniana 48(2): 201 (-203, fig. 1) (2010)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza)
85 ARG
species :
Valeriana turkestanica Sumnev.; Lekarstv. Valeriana officinalis Aziatsk. chasti SSSR 35 (-37; fig.3) (1941)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana tianschanica Kreyer ex Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 9: 175 (1934)
species :
Valeriana tzotziliana Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 49 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana ulei Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 436 (1899)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Phuodendron ulei (Graebn.) A.W.Hill; Index Kew. Suppl. 8: 181 (1933)
species :
Valeriana uliginosa (Torr. & A.Gray) Rydb.; Britton, Man. Fl. N. U. S. 878 (1901)
Name: Mountain valerian
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Vermont, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana dubiosa Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 37 (1918)
= Valeriana septentrionalis var. uliginosa (Torr. & A.Gray) Gleason; Phytologia 4: 25 (1952)
= Valeriana sitchensis subsp. uliginosa (Torr. & A.Gray) F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 399 (1951)
= Valeriana sitchensis var. uliginosa (Torr. & A.Gray) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 93: 1062 (1967)
= Valeriana sylvatica var. uliginosa Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 47 (1841)
species :
Valeriana urbani Phil.; Anales Mus. nac. Chile 29 (1891)
Name: Waje [Chile]
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana grisebachiana Borsini; Lilloa 8: 358 (1942)
species :
Valeriana urticifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 330 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Cauca, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana erysimoides Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 16 (1845)
= Valeriana erysimoides Poepp.; Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 16 (1840)
= Valeriana rhomboidea Greene; Pittonia 1: 154 (1888)
= Valeriana sallei Briq.; Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 339 (1914)
= Valeriana veronicifolia Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 870 (1821), nom. inval.
variant :
var. scorpioides (DC.) Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 56 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nayarit, Jalisco, Michoacan, México State, México Distrito Federal, Morelos, Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana scorpioides DC.; Prod. 4: 635 (1830)
species :
Valeriana vaga Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 227 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana muriculata Phil.; Linnaea 33: 102 (1864)
species :
Valeriana vaginata Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3: 331 (1818)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana denudata Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 20 (1843)
species :
Valeriana valdiviana Phil.; Linnaea 28: 700 (1856)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana tetragona Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 106: 1013 (1900)
species :
Valeriana velutina Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 233 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana verrucosa Schmale; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 41: 293 (1937)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana verticillata Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 223 (1848)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule)
85 CLE
species :
Valeriana vetasana Killip; J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 18: 498 (1928)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Valeriana vilcabambensis Sylvester & Barrie; Novon 26(1): 17 (2018)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana virescens Clos; Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 222 (1848)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana montteana Phil.; Linnaea 30: 191 (1859-61)
= Valeriana virescens var. montteana (Phil.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 106: 1003 (1900)
species :
Valeriana virgata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 42. t. 66, f. b. (1798)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana volkensii Engl.; Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 395 (1895)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Valeriana wandae (Graebn. & Tessend.) Christenh. & Byng; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 149 (2018)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Stangea calchaquina (Borsini) Borsini; Gen. & Sp. Pl. Argentina., ed. Descole 2: 359 (1944)
= Stangea wandae Graebn. & Tessend.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 450 (1906)
= Valeriana calchaquina Borsini; Lilloa 8: 367 (1942)
species :
Valeriana warburgii Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 439 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. warburgii
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
subspecies :
subsp. variabilis (Graebn.) Weberling; Feddes Repert. 115(5-6): 480 (471) (2004)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana variabilis Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 443 (1906)
species :
Valeriana weberbaueri Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 438 (1906)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Valeriana weddelliana Rouy; Fl. France. 8: 86 (1903), in adnot
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana bulbosa Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 24 (1859) non Pall.
species :
Valeriana wolgensis Kazak.; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 1-2, p. 12 (1935)
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia)
14 RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana collina subsp. nitida (Kreyer) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Valeriana nitida Kreyer; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 192 (1924)
= Valeriana officinalis subsp. nitida (Kreyer) Soó
= Valeriana officinalis var. nitida (Kreyer) Rostañski
= Valeriana pipenbergica Kreyer; Issled. Rabota Mogilevsk. Opytn. Stantsii Lek. Rast. 1921-1925: 55 (1926)
= Valeriana stolonifera subsp. nitida (Kreyer) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 208 (1972)
= Valeriana tanaitica Vorosch.; Medicin. Valer. (Publ. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS) 133 (1959)
= Valeriana wallrothii subsp. nitida (Kreyer) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 10 (1984)
= Valeriana wolgensis var. nitida (Kazak.) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 98: 40 (1975)
species :
Valeriana xenophylloides Sklenár & B.Eriksen; Phytotaxa 579(1): 52 (2022)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana yacuriensis Sklenár & B.Eriksen; Phytotaxa 579(1): 49 (2022)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Valeriana zamoranensis Rzed. & Calderón; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 69 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Queretaro)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana zapotecana Barrie; Acta Bot. Mex. 62: 38 (2003)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Valeriana ×braunii-blanquetii Lakusic; Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zastitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 8: 101 (1975)
Distribution:
Remarks: montana agg., Valeriana bertiscea x V. montana
Synonyms: hidden
= Valeriana ×braunii-blanquetii var. dentata Lakusic; Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zastitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 8: 106 (1975), no type indicated.
= Valeriana ×braunii-blanquetii var. pulevicii Lakusic; Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zastitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 8: 106 (1975), no type indicated.
species :
Valeriana ×ekmanii F.G.Mey.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 38: 469 (1951)
Distribution: Haiti
81 HIS
Remarks: Valeriana domingensis x scandens
species :
Valeriana ×gesneri Brügger; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s., 23-24: 114 (1880)
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Valeriana dioica x V. officinalis s. l.
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 24.7 (July 18th, 2024)

Covering 355,223 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 998,088 synonyms,
in total 1,409,782* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life