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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

526.0000 Family Caprifoliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 210 (1789), nom. cons.
32-37 genera, ca. 1100 spp. Phylogeny see Lee et al. 2021
Species listed in database: 1073; hybrids: 34
= Diervillaceae Pyck; A. Backlund & N. Pyck, Taxon 47: 658 (1998)
= Dipsacaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 194 (1789), nom. cons.
= Linnaeaceae Backlund; A. Backlund & N. Pyck, Taxon 47: 658 (1998)
= Loniceraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 272, 296 (1818)
= Loniceropsida Brongn.; Enum. Pl. Mus. Paris: xvii, 47 (1843)
= Morinaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 88 (1820)
= Scabiosaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 563 (1820)
= Triplostegiaceae A.E.Bobrov ex Airy Shaw; Kew Bull. 18: 269 (1965)
= Valerianaceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg. 227 (1802) nom. cons.
526.5007 Genus Valeriana L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 31 (1753)
Distribution: High diversity in Mexico and especially the Andes, also secondary centers in North America, Eurasia, South Africa and Russia (ca. 20). The genus remains polyphyletic, but the inclusion of Valerianella, Fedia, Plectritis and Centranthus in a Valeriana sensu latissimo seems to be lumping on too high level. Valeriana celtica also probably belongs in a separate genus (Bell & Donoghue 2005)
Species listed in database: 363; hybrids: 3
= Amblyorhinum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 25(II): 168 (1852)
= Aretiastrum (DC.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 10: 304 (1841)
= Astrephia Dufr.; Hist. Nat. Valér.: 50 (1811)
= Belonanthus Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 447 (1906)
= Betckea DC.; Coll. Mém. 7: 18 (1832)
= Fuisa Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840)
= Hemesotria Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 6: 88 (1820)
= Monastes Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840)
= Ocymastrum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 302 (1891)
= Oligacoce Willd. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 632 (1830)
= Phu Ludw.; Inst. Reg. Veg., ed. 2: 141 (1757)
= Phuodendron (Graebn.) Dalla Torre & Harms; Gen. Siphono. 512 (1905)
= Phyllactis Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 39 (1805)
= Porteria Hook.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 9: t. 864 (1851)
= Rittera Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 88 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Saliunca Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 87 (1840)
= Stangea Graebn.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 448 (1906)
= Valerianopsis C.A.Müll.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(4): 345 (1885)

Search for: Valeriana graciliflora

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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life