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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

504.0000 Family Scrophulariaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 117 (1789), nom. cons., s. str.
62 genera, ca. 2000 spp.
Species listed in database: 2043; hybrids: 258
= Bontiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 77 (1834)
= Buddlejaceae K.Wilh.; Samenpflanzen: 90 (1910), nom. cons.
= Caprariaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 102 (1820)
= Hebenstretiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 76 (1834)
= Hemimeridaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xlix (2001)
= Limosellaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 340 (1858)
= Myoporaceae R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 514 (1810), nom. cons.
= Oftiaceae Takht. & Reveal; Phytologia 74: 284 (1993)
= Polypremaceae Takht. ex Reveal; Kew Bull. 66: 47 (2011)
= Selaginaceae Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève (Mém. Sélag.: 19) 2: 89 (1823), nom. cons.
= Verbascaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 243 (1820)
504.5201 Genus Verbascum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 177 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate Eurasia, mostly Greece and Asia Minor, a few species in trop. and subtropical regions, in Africa mostly Ethiopia (15)
Species listed in database: 460; hybrids: 251
= Blattaria Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Celsia L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 621 (1753)
= Ditoxia Raf.; Prec. Decouv. 39 (1814), et in Desv. J. Bot. 4: 270 (1814)
= Flomosia Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Janthe Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 40 (1844)
= Lasiake Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Leiosandra Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Lychnitis Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Nefflea (Benth.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 9: 266 (1840)
= Staurophragma Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 9: 90 (1843)
= Thapsandra Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 40 (1844)
= Thapsus Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= xCelsioverbascum Rech.f. & Hub.-Mor.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 55 (1960)
species :
Verbascum abieticola Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 357 (1930)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum abyadicum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 316 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum acaule (Bory & Chaub.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia acaulis Bory & Chaub.; Exped. Mor. Bot. 177. t. 18 (1832)
species :
Verbascum adamovicii Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 207 (1898)
Distribution: Serbia; Bulgaria
13 BUL SRB
species :
Verbascum adeliae Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 145 (1856)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades: Naxos, Amorgos)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum adenanthum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 137 (1922)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×serpentinicum Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat. 94: 23 (1957)
species :
Verbascum adenocarpum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 324 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum adenocaulon Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 128 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum adenophorum Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 61 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum adrianopolitanum Podp.; Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 665 (1902)
Distribution: SE-Bulgaria; European Turkey; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC TUE
species :
Verbascum adzharicum P.P.Gritz.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 185 (1968)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia)
33 GEO
species :
Verbascum afyonense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 232 (1976)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum agastachyum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 191, t. 6 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum agrimoniifolium (K.Koch) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(3): 151 (1975), without basionym ref., et Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 6: 487 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. agrimoniifolium
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Orozgan / Daykundi); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia agrimoniifolia K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 732 (1849)
= Celsia heterophylla Desf. ex Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 161 (1807) (non Mill. (1760) nec Moretti (1822) nec Griseb. (1841) nec Velen. (1888))
= Verbascum heterophyllum (Desf. ex Pers.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. syriacum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 6: 487 (1978)
Distribution: Syria; Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia heterophylla subsp. syriaca Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 137 (1925)
= Verbascum agrimoniifolium subsp. syriacum (Murb.) Feinbrun; Israel J. Bot. 25(1-2): 80 (1976), specific name not published validly until1978
species :
Verbascum akdarense (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 10 (1973)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman)
35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia akdarensis Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 123 (1925)
species :
Verbascum albidiflorum Ranjbar & Nouri; Willdenowia 45(1): 148 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum alceoides Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 306 (1879)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Verbascum alepense Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 241 (1845)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (W-Iran); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria)
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum aliciae Post; Pl. Postianae 3: 14 (1892)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum ali-nihati A.Duran; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 60(1): 210 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum alpigenum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 724 (1849)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum holmbergii Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 490 (1933)
species :
Verbascum alpinum Turra; Fl. Ital. Prod. 64 (1780)
Name: Wollige Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; N-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine
11 AUT ger 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum hinkei Friv.; Flora 19: 440 (1836)
= Verbascum lanatum Schrad.; Mongr. Verbasci 2: 28 (1823)
= Verbascum lanatum subsp. hinkei (Friv.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 29(2): 440 (1933)
species :
Verbascum alyssifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 58 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum amanum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 310 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum anastasii Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 70: 27, t. 2, t. 1 (1926)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ancyritanum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 362 (1930)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum andrusii Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 161 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Verbascum anisophyllum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 177 (1933)
Distribution: W-Bulgaria (Konjavska Planina, SW of Sofija)
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum heterophyllum Velen.; Abh. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. (1888) 21, in Nyman Consp. Fl. Fur. Suppl. 2: I.(1889) 229, et Fl. Bulg. (1891) 417, non J. Mill.
species :
Verbascum antari Post; Pl. Postianae 2: 17 (1891)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria)
34 SYR
species :
Verbascum antilibanoticum Hub.-Mor.; Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Lib. et Syria (ed. Charpin) 3 3: 208, t. CXVII, f. 1 (1980)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia alpina Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 150 (1856)
= Verbascum alpinum (Boiss. & Kotschy) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891) (non Turra (1780))
species :
Verbascum antinori Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 144 (1856)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum touchyanum Franch.; Etudes Verbascum: 77 (1875)
species :
Verbascum antiochium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 12: 9 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum antitauricum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 336, t. 18 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum aphentulium Heldr.; Paligenessia: ? (1891)
Distribution: E-Greece (Pilion)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum pelium Halácsy; Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 131 (1898)
species :
Verbascum apiculatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 4 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. tigridaeum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 4 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum aqranse Al-Bermani & Al-Musawi; Feddes Repert. 97(7-8): 393 (1986)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Verbascum arbelense Bornm.; Allgem. Bot. Z. 13: 95 (1907)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Verbascum arbusculum (A.Rich.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 10 (1973)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Remarks: only known from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia arbuscula A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 110 (1851)
species :
Verbascum arcturus L.; Sp. Pl. 178 (1753)
Distribution: Crete; Cyprus (E-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus, C-Mountains)
13 KRI 34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia arcturus (L.) Jacq.; Hort. Vindob. 2: 53, t. 117 (1773)
= Celsia brassicifolia (Crantz) Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 48 (1907)
= Celsia horizontalis Moench; Methodus: 448 (1794)
= Celsia sublanata Jacq.; Fragm. Bot.: 79 (1809)
= Verbascum amoenum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 105 (1796)
= Verbascum brassicifolium Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 323 (1766)
species :
Verbascum argenteum Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 220 (1824 publ. 1829)
Distribution: Italy (S-Appennini, Monti del Matese)
13 ITA
species :
Verbascum armenum Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Fl. 4: 304 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. occidentale Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges. 87: 40 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. tempskyanum (Freyn & Sint.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 81 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum tempskyanum Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 43 (1896)
species :
Verbascum artvinense E.Wulff; Izv. Kavkazsk. Muz. 11: 68 (1917)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
33 GEO 34 TUR
species :
Verbascum aschersonii Boiss. & Sint. ex Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 304, t. 14 (1933)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum asiricum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 316 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum asperuloides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 6, t. 20 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum assurense Bornm. & Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 27: 402, t. 17, f. 10 (1913)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (W-Iran); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRN IRQ SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia incana Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 247 (1846)
= Celsia lanceolata Vent.; Descr. Pl. Nouv.: t. 27 (1801)
= Celsia layardii Ball ex Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 220 (1921)
= Verbascum besnardii Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 87: 192 (1950)
= Verbascum incanum (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum lanceolatum (Vent.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. singaricum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Iranica 147: 25 (1981)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia lanceolata var. singarica Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 35(1): 58 (1939)
species :
Verbascum atlanticum Batt.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot. 626 (1889)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: not in Tunisia which was erroneously stated in some checklists
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum pseudoblattaria Batt.; Contr. Fl. Atl.: 62 (1919), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum atroviolaceum (Sommier & Levier) Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 24: 31 (1925 publ. 1926)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia
33 ARM NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia atroviolacea Sommier & Levier; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. Ser. II. 4: 201 (1897)
species :
Verbascum aucheri (Boiss.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 10 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 29 (1853)
= Celsia intricata var. macrocarpa Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 247 (1846)
= Verbascum macrocarpum (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum auriculatum Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prod. 1: 149 (1806)
Name: Marmara-Königskerze (DE); Marmara Mullein (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum propontideum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 290, t. 11 (1933)
species :
Verbascum austroiranicum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 148 (1975)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum aydogdui Karavel., Vural, B.Sahin & Aslan; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 1(3)2014: 64, figs. 1-3 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum azerbaijanense Sharifnia & Assadi; Novon 17(2): 260 (2007)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
species :
Verbascum baldaccii Degen; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 46: 416 (1896)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; NW-Greece
13 ALB GRC KOS SRB
species :
Verbascum ballii (Batt.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 10 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia ballii Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Battandier & Trab.] Dicot.: 628 (1890)
= Celsia ballii var. brevipes Batt.; Fl. Tunisie [Pott.-Alap.] 2: 830 (1981)
= Verbascum ballii (Batt.) Qaiser; Fl. Libya 88: 26 (1982), isonym
species :
Verbascum ballsianum Murb.; Nachtr. Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 32: 12, t. 1, 2 (1936)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum banaticum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2. 28 (1823)
Name: Banater Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Ukraine
11 ger 13 ALB BUL GRC KOS ROM SRB TUE 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum graciliflorum Delile ex Godr.; Mém. Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 443 (1853)
= Verbascum heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 147 (1856)
species :
Verbascum barbeyi Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. (Bot.) 24: 436 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum barnadesii Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 39 (1791)
Distribution: Germany [I]; C- & S-Portugal; C- & SW-Spain; Morocco
11 ger 12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia barnadesii (Vahl) G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 499 (1838)
= Celsia pinnatifida Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp. 22 (1842)
species :
Verbascum basivelatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 6: 371 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum battandieri (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 10 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia barnadesii var. mauritanica Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 59 (1922)
= Celsia battandieri Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 209 (1925)
= Celsia mauritanica (Pau) Pau; Monde Pl. 30(181): 1 (1929)
= Celsia rhiphaea Murb.; Bot. Notiser, 109 (1945)
= Verbascum rhiphaeum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 14 (1973)
species :
Verbascum bellum Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 170, t. 273 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum benthamianum Hepper; Kew Bull. 38(4): 598 (1984), nom. nov.
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia affinis A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 110 (1850)
= Celsia floccosa Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 245 (1846)
= Celsia floccosa var. affinis (A.Rich.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 150 (1925)
= Celsia tomentosa Hochst. ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 245 (1846), pro syn.
= Verbascum affine (A.Rich.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(3): 151 (1975)
= Verbascum floccosum (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum berytheum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 28 (1853)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bulbosum Ehrenb. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 345 (1879)
species :
Verbascum betonicifolium (Desf.) Desf.; Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 11: 54 (1808)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia betonicifolia Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 58 (1798)
= Ditoxia betonicifolia (Desf.) Raf.; Prec. Decouv. 40 (1814)
= Verbascum betonicifolium (Desf.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), isonym
= Verbascum fontanesii Benedí; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60: 459 (2002 publ. 2003), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Verbascum biledschikianum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 355 (1930)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum birandianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 337, t. 19 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum birjandense Sotoodeh; Phytotaxa 538: 36 (2022)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum biscutellifolium Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 241 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum divrikianum Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 66 (1894)
species :
Verbascum bithynicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(4): 63 (1844)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 TUE 34 TUR
species :
Verbascum blancheanum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 345 (1879)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum blattaria L.; Sp. Pl. 178 (1753)
Name: Motten-Königskerze, Schabenkraut (DE), Moth mullein (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; South Africa [I]; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Kabul, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains); China (Xinjiang); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Peru [I]
10 grb 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lit RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 27 saf 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN TUR 36 CHI 40 IND 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 per
Synonyms: hidden
= Blattaria vulgaris Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Thapsus blattaria (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum blattaria f. albiflorum (G.Don) House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 45 (1923)
= Verbascum blattaria f. glabrum (Mill.) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 10 (1913)
= Verbascum blattaria subsp. repandum (Willd.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 504 (1882)
= Verbascum blattaria var. albiflorum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 468 (1891), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum blattaria var. brevipedicellatum Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 419 (1892)
= Verbascum blattaria var. crenatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 10 (1909)
= Verbascum blattaria var. glabrum (Mill.) Rchb.; (1831)
= Verbascum blattaria var. incarnatum Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1867(Suppl.): 32 (1868)
= Verbascum blattaria var. majus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 126 (1828)
= Verbascum blattaria var. normalis Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 468 (1891), nom. inval.
= Verbascum blattaria var. rubricaule Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1867(Suppl.): 32 (1868)
= Verbascum blattaria var. subintegerrimum Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1867(Suppl.): 32 (1868)
= Verbascum blattariforme Griseb.; Arch. Naturgesch. 18(1): 321 (1852)
= Verbascum carduifolium Murb. ex Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 131 (1929)
= Verbascum caucasicum Fisch.; Cat. Jard. Gorenki, ed. 2: 25 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum claytonii Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 148 (1803)
= Verbascum cordatum Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 186 (1798)
= Verbascum glabrum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 8 (1768)
= Verbascum leptophyllum Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 340 (1897)
= Verbascum luridum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 104 (1796)
= Verbascum nitidum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 382 (1812)
= Verbascum ramosissimum J.Lloyd ex Boreau; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 12 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum repandum Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 226 (1809)
= Verbascum rhinanthifolium Davidov; Trav. Soc. Bulg. S. Nat. No. 8, 101 (1915)
= Verbascum rubiginosum Diard; Cat. Pl. St. Calais: 151 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum virgatum Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 1: 621 (1824), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum boerhavii L.; Mantissa 45 (1767)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy
12 ADO BAL COR FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnitis boerhavii (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Verbascum bicolor Badaró; Osserv. 3, in Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. Dec. II. 7: 365 (1824)
= Verbascum boerhavii f. bicolor (Badarò) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., n.s. 29: 159 (1933)
= Verbascum boerhavii var. longebracteatum Willk.; Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 170 (1893)
= Verbascum boerhavii var. portae (Willk.) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 2: 367 (1922)
= Verbascum elongatum Moench; Methodus 446 (1794)
= Verbascum luteum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
= Verbascum maiale var. bicolor (Badarò) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 9 (1909)
= Verbascum maiale var. lanceolatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 9 (1909)
= Verbascum majale DC.; Fl. Fr. Suppl. 415 (1815)
= Verbascum majale var. bicolor (Badaro) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 9 (1909)
= Verbascum majale var. lanceolatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 9 (1909)
variant :
var. knochei Benedí, Orell & J.J.Orell; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 57 Bot. 7: 62 (1989)
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
species :
Verbascum boevae Stef.-Gat.; Feddes Repert. 90(7-8): 407 (1979)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum boissieri (Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: E-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: daenzeri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia boissieri Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 353 (1879)
species :
Verbascum bombyciferum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 52 (1844)
Name: Turkish mullein, silver mullein (EN), Seidenhaar-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger 12 cis 34 TUR 76 usa
species :
Verbascum bornmuellerianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 10 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia bornmuelleri Murb.; Monogr. Celsia, Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 182, t. 13 (1925) (non V. bornmuelleri Velen. (1890))
species :
Verbascum botuliforme Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 288 (1933)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum bourgeanum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 11 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia lycia Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 357 (1879)
= Verbascum lycium (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891) (non Stapf (1885))
= Verbascum salutans Delile; Index Seminum (MPU, Monspeliensis) 1847: 8 (1847)
species :
Verbascum bracteosum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 294 (1894)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum bugulifolium Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 4: 226 (1797)
Distribution: SE-Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia bugulifolia (Lam.) Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 5: 7 (1853)
= Celsia osbeckii (L.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 415 (1913 publ. 1914)
= Janthe bugulifolia (Lam.) Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 40 (1844)
= Verbascum tournefortii Crantz; Inst. 2: 323 (1766)
species :
Verbascum caesareum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 7 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum calvum Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Fl. 4: 338 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum calycinum Ball; J. Bot. 13: 172 (1875)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Verbascum calycosum Hausskn. ex Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 462, t. 25 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum campestre Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 5 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum capitis-viridis Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 11 (1973), nom. nov.
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia betonicifolia f. glabra Bég.; Ann. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. "Giacomo Doria", ser. 3, 8: 46 (1920)
= Celsia insularis Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n. s. 17: No. 9, 12 (1921)
= Verbascum caboverdana Sunding; Check-list Vasc. Pl. Cape Verde: 26 (1973), nom. inval.
species :
Verbascum cappadocicum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 357 (1930)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum stachydifolium Freyn & Bornm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 346 (1892), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum carduchorum Bornm.; Allgem. Bot. Z. 13: 94 (1907)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Verbascum cariense Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 180, t. 276 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum carmanicum (Bornm.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 11 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. carmanicum
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia carmanica Bornm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 49: 51 (1899)
subspecies :
subsp. kermanense (Hub.-Mor.) Sotoodeh, Attar, Andalo & Civeyrel; Adansonia 40(2): 187 (2018)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum kermanense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 149 (1975)
species :
Verbascum caudatum Freyn & Bornm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 346 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cedreti Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 19 (1853) et Fl. 4: 328 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Oman (Mascat & Oman)
34 LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum rascheyanum Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 12: 18 (1853)
species :
Verbascum cerinum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 21 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum chaixii Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 22 (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. chaixii
Name: Nettle-leaf mullein (EN); Französische Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; N-Spain; France; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Greece; Estonia [I]; USA [I] (Minnesota [I])
11 ger 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS SLV SMA SRB 14 est 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum nitidum var. dentatum St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 597 (1889)
= Verbascum orientale var. chaixii (Vill.) W.D.J.Koch; 514 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum orientale var. gallicum Homann; 133 (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. austriacum (Schott ex Roem. & Schult.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 127 (1929)
Name: Österreichische Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; S-European Russia; Moldova; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO SWI 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS ROM SLV 14 KRY MLD RUS 33 ARM GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum austriacum f. leucothrix (Beck) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 11 (1913)
= Verbascum austriacum Schott ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 341 (1819)
= Verbascum chaixii subsp. laxum (Fil. & Jáv.) Ivanina; Fl. Evropeískoí Chasti SSSR 5: 217 (1981)
= Verbascum laxum Fil. & Jáv.; Dechy, Kaukasus 3: 99 (1907), Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 7: 184
= Verbascum orientale var. austriacum (H.Schott ex Roem. & Schult.) Homann; 132 (1828)
= Verbascum ×leucothrix Beck; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 2: II. (1893) 1035
subspecies :
subsp. orientale (M.Bieb.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 127 (1929)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Romania; European Russia; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; China (Xinjiang)
11 ger 13 ROM 14 RUS 31 rfe 32 KGZ 33 NCS 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum marschallianum Ivanina & Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 22: 272 (1985), nom. nov. superfl.
= Verbascum nigrum Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 160 (1808)
= Verbascum orientale M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 160 (1808) non All. (1785)
= Verbascum orientale var. polyphyllum C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 11(Suppl.): 75 (1846)
= Verbascum sinuatum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 482 (1866) non L.
species :
Verbascum charidemi Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 161 (1933)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Cabo de Gata)
12 SPA
species :
Verbascum charputense Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds. Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 456, t.24 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. adenophorum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 13 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum chaudharyanum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 318 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum chazaliei Boiss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 289 (1896) emend. Hub.-Mor., Bauhinia 1: 14 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cheiranthifollum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 56 (1844)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum monticola Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 325 (1879)
= Verbascum seytunense Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 325 (1879)
variant :
var. asperulum (Boiss.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 277 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum asperulum Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 4: 57 (1853)
= Verbascum cylindraceum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 295 (1894)
variant :
var. cataonicum (Hand.-Mazz.) Hub.-Mor.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 277 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum cataonicum Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 27: 400 (1913)
= Verbascum shepardii Post; Fl. Syria: 20 (1896)
variant :
var. heldreichii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 326 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum stenophyllum Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. I. 12: 17 (1853)
variant :
var. obtusiusculum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 204 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. pisidicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 279 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum pisidicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. I. 12: 16 (1853)
variant :
var. transcaspicum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 278 (1933)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Verbascum chionophyllum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 17, t. 3 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum chiovendae Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 11 (1973), nom. nov.
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia micrantha Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 10: 398 (1912)
species :
Verbascum chlorostegium Bornm. & Murb.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 354 (1930)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum chrysochaete Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 89 (1885)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum chrysorrhacos Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 58 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cicekdagensis Karavel. & Vural; Israel J. Pl. Sci. 54(2): 106 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cilicicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 149 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cilicium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia cilicia Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 30 (1853)
species :
Verbascum conocarpum Moris; Elench. Fl. Sard. 2: 7 (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. conocarpum
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum boerhavii subsp. conocarpum (Moris) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 529 (1881)
= Verbascum majale proles conocarpum (Moris) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 10 (1909)
= Verbascum rotundifolium subsp. conocarpum (Moris) I.K.Ferguson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 65(2): 269 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. conradiae Jeanm.; D. Jeanmonod & Gamisans, Scrophulariac. (Complém. Prodr. Fl. Corse): 155 (1992)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
species :
Verbascum corinthiacum Kit Tan, Zarkos, V.Christodoulou & Vold; Phytol. Balcan. 23(3): 440 (2017)
Distribution: Greece (Korinthia)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 11 (1973)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kandahar); China (Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi, N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar); Nepal; India (throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mandalay, Yangon); NE-Thailand; Laos; Cambodia
34 AFG 36 CHI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia chinensis (L.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 612 (1916 publ. 1917)
= Celsia coromandeliana Vahl; Symb. Bot. 3: 79 (1794)
= Celsia coromandelina J.Koenig ex Rottb.; Pl. Hort. Univ. Rar. Prog.: 29 (1773)
= Celsia dentata Moench; Meth. Suppl. 156 (1802)
= Celsia viscosa Roth; Catalect. 2: 69 (1800)
= Scrophularia chinensis L.; Mant. Pl. 2: 250 (1771)
= Scrophularia sinensis J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 938 (1792), orth. var.
= Verbascum celsioides Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 229 (1846)
= Verbascum chinense (L.) H.L.Li; Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin., n. s. 2: 12 (1961), isonym
= Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau; Fl. Purandhar: 90 (1957), non V. sinense.
= Verbascum coromandelianum (Vahl) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 468 (1891)
= Verbascum coromandelianum subsp. sinense (H.Lév. & Giraudias) McKean; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 460 (1980)
= Verbascum coromandelicum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 468 (1891), nom. superfl.
= Verbascum sinense (L.) H.Lév. & Giraudias; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 285 (1913)
species :
Verbascum coronopifolium (Boiss. & Balansa) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia coronopifolia Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 126 (1859)
species :
Verbascum creticum (L.) Cav.; Elench. Pl. Horti Matrit. 39 (1803)
Name: Kretische Königskerze (DE); Gordolobo de Creta (ES)
Distribution: Baleares; ?France; ?Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; ?Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Faial); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]
12 BAL SAR 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG TUN 21 AZO CNY 50 aus 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia australis Anon.; Flora 16: 125 (1833)
= Celsia cavanillesii Kunze; Flora 29: 698 (1846)
= Celsia cretica f. pallescens Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 308 (1931)
= Celsia cretica L.; Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13.: 470 (1774)
= Celsia cretica subsp. balearica Gand. ex Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 345 (1910)
= Celsia cretica var. cavanillesii (Kunze) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 584 (1878)
= Celsia laciniata Coss. ex Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 585 (1878), nom. inval.
= Celsia lyrata (Lam.) G.Don; Gen. Syst. 4: 499 (1837)
= Ditoxia cretica (L.) Raf. ex Desv.; J. Bot. Agric. 4: 270 (1815)
= Ditoxia lyrata (Lam.) Raf.; Prec. Decouv. 40 (1814)
= Lasiake lyratum (Lam.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1838)
= Thapsandra cretica (L.) Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 40 (1844)
= Verbascum creticum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), isonym
= Verbascum erosum Lag.; Elench. Pl.: 17 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum lyratum Lam.; Encyc. 4: 223 (1797)
species :
Verbascum cucullatibracteum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 19, t. 21 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cylindrocarpum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 46 (1844)
Distribution: North Macedonia; N-Greece
13 GRC NMA
species :
Verbascum cylleneum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: S-Greece (Killini Oros)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia acaulis subsp. cyllena (Boiss. & Heldr.) Maire & Petitm.
= Celsia cyllenea Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 151 (1856)
species :
Verbascum cymigerum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 20, t. 4 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum cystolithicum (Pett.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 12 (1973)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum sundingii Lobin & Porembski; Sommerfeltia 17: 184 (1993), nom. inval.
= Celsia cystolithica Pett.; Comm. Biol., Hels. 22: No. 9 (Coll. Vasc. Pl. C. Verde Isl.) 42 (1960)
species :
Verbascum daenzeri (Fauché & Chaub.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: daenzeri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia daenzeri Fauché & Chaub.; Bory, Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 342 (1832)
= Celsia daenzeri var. lyrata Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 151 (1856)
= Celsia speciosa Fenzl; E. Friedrichsthal, Reise Neu-Griechenl. 4: 280 (1838)
= Verbascum friedrichsthalianum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: pl. 2: 468 (1891)
species :
Verbascum dalamanicum Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 179, t. 277 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum damascenum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 19 (1853)
Distribution: Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 IRQ JOR LEB
species :
Verbascum davidoffii Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 302 (1933)
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria (Pirin Planina)
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum davisianum Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 89 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum decaisneanum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 468 (1891)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Midyan)
34 ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia parviflora G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 499 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Celsia parviflora Decne.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 2: 254 (1834)
species :
Verbascum decorum Velen.; Sitz.-Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. (Math.-Nat. Kl.) 1890(1): 56 (1890)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria (C-Rodopi)
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum decursivum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 338 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum delphicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(3): 146 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. delphicum
Distribution: E-Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. cervi Zograf.; PhytoKeys 74: 109 (2016)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
variant :
var. filictorum Zograf.; PhytoKeys 74: 112 (2016)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum demirizianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 66, t. 22 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum densiflorum Bertol.; Rar. Lig. Pl. 3: 52 (1810)
Name: Großblütige Königskerze (DE), Denseflower mullein (EN)
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; USA [I] (Iowa [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Wisconsin [I]); Chile [I] (Araucanía [I])
10 DEN SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 cis FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat RUS UKR 21 mdr 33 GEO NCS 74 usa 75 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bicolle Schrank; Baier. Fl. 1: 465 (1789)
= Verbascum cuspidatum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 1: 23 (1813)
= Verbascum floccosum var. gymnostemon (Franch.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 13 (1909)
= Verbascum macrantherum Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 373 (1892)
= Verbascum messanense Tineo; Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 887 (1845)
= Verbascum phlomoides subsp. thapsiforme (Schrad.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 313 (1871)
= Verbascum phlomoides subsp. thapsiforme Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 8 (1909)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 317 (1857)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. flavum Alef.; 124 (1866)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. gymnostemon Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 150 (1868)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. thapsiforme (Schrad.) F.W.Schultz; 318 (1845)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. thapsiforme (Schrad.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 759 (1937)
= Verbascum thapsiforme Schrad.; Monog. Verb. 1: 21 (1813)
= Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 503 (1882)
= Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. densiflorum (Bertol.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 527 (1881), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. bicolle (Schrank) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 117 (1828)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. laxum Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 212 (1830)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. leiostemmum Dierb.; 103 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. leptostachyum Dierb.; 103 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. leucanthum Dierb.; 103 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. stiriacum (Fritsch) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 15 (1913)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. thapsonigrum Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 117 (1828)
= Verbascum thapsus f. cuspidatum Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 15 (1913)
= Verbascum thapsus var. alatum Döll; 322 (1843)
= Verbascum thapsus var. thapsiforme (Schrad.) Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 139 (1824)
= Verbascum velenovskyi Horák; Oesterr. Bot. Z., 208 (1900)
species :
Verbascum dentifolium Delile; Sem. Hort. Bot. Monsp. 28 (1837)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar)
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum cossonianum Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 583 (1878)
= Verbascum granatense Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 441 (1841)
= Verbascum pycnostachyum Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 22: 64 (1875), nomen
species :
Verbascum detersile Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12-15 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum dieckianum Borbás & Degen; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 82 (1905)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Albania; N-Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum luteoviride Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1924: 263 (1924)
species :
Verbascum dimoniei Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 8: 10 (1910 publ. 1911)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum dingleri Mattf. & Stef.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Bulg. 1: 101 (1926)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum discolor Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 359, f. 15 & t. 19 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum disjectum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia disjecta Murb.; Monogr. Verbasc., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 113, t. 6 (1925)
species :
Verbascum diversifolium Hochst.; Lorent, Wanderungen 335 (1845)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum mesopotamicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 24 (1853)
= Verbascum nitidulum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 347 (1892)
species :
Verbascum drymophilum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 339 (1960)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
species :
Verbascum drymophyloides P.P.Gritz.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 189 (1968)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Verbascum dumulosum Davis & Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 90 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum durmitoreum Rohlena; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 149 (1906)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; S-Albania
13 ALB BIH MNT NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum chrysanthum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 384 (1933)
species :
Verbascum duzgunbabadagensis Karavel. & E.Yüce; Phytotaxa 181(1): 49 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ebubekirceylanii Karavel.; Biol. Diversity Conservation 9(2): 31 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ekicii H.Duman & Uzunh.; Bot. Lett. 167(4): 410 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum elegantulum Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Nat. Ges. 87: 64 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum elegans Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 12 (1853) (non Salisb. (1796))
species :
Verbascum eleonorae Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 339, t. 20 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum epixanthinum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 39 (1846)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum adenotrichum Halácsy; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 130 (1898)
= Verbascum agrimonioides Degen & Borbás ex Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 35: 46 (1897)
= Verbascum parnassicum Halácsy; Maire & Petitm., Mat. Etude Fl. Geogr. Bot. Orient 4: 157 (1908)
= Verbascum pindicola Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 792 (1897)
= Verbascum taygeteum Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 128 (1898)
= Verbascum tymphaeum Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 795 (1897)
= Verbascum viscidulum Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 792 (1897), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum eremobium Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 458 (1933)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Israel (Negev Desert, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR SIN SYR
species :
Verbascum ergin-hamzaoglui Karavel.; Turkish J. Bot. 35(3): 277 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum erianthum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 235 (1846)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Khyber, Hazara, Peshawar, Chitral, Gilgit, Mirpur); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bactrianum Bunge; Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 246 (1852)
= Verbascum capusii Franch.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 6, 18: 222 (1884)
= Verbascum ellipticifolium Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 218 (1948)
= Verbascum sinaiticum var. bactrianum (Bunge) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 32(1): 35 (1936)
species :
Verbascum eriocarpum (Freyn & Sint.) Bornm.; Bot. Jarhb. 61, Suppl. 140: 48 (1928)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum xanthophoeniceum Griseb. subsp. eriocarpum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 297 (1894)
species :
Verbascum eriophorum Godr.; Mém. Acad. Montp., Sect. Méd. 1: 440 (1853)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC KOS SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum alopecuros Delile ex Godr.; Mém. Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 440 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum heteromallum Pancic ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 305 (1879)
= Verbascum heteropogon Pancic; Fl. Princ. Serb. 518 (1874), in clavi
= Verbascum malacotrichum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 142 (1856)
species :
Verbascum eriorrhabdon Boiss.; Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 2: 4 (1860)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum alpestre Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 317 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum schneideri Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 317 (1879)
species :
Verbascum erivanicum E.Wulff; Bull. Mus. Caucasus, Tiflis 11: 66 (1917)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
species :
Verbascum erosum Cav.; Elench. Pl. Horti Matr.: 39 (1803)
Distribution: S-Spain; N-Morocco (Rif)
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia baetica (Willk.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 16(9): 3 (1921)
= Celsia barnadesii var. baetica Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hispan. 2: 55 (1888)
= Celsia laciniata Poir.; Encycl. [Lam. & al.] Suppl. 2. 147 (1811)
= Celsia lyrata var. sinuata (Cav.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 668 (1934)
= Celsia sinuata Cav.; Anal. Cienc. Nat. 3: 68 (1801)
= Verbascum laciniatum (Poir.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: PI. 2: 469 (1891)
species :
Verbascum eskisehirensis Karavel., Ocak & Ekici; Nordic J. Bot. 27(3): 223 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum euboicum Murb. & Rech.f.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 54: R. 651 (1936), nomen, et in Lunds Univ. Arsskrift,n.f. 32: No. 1 (Nachtr. Verbascum) 15 (1936), descr
Distribution: E-Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum exuberans Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 173, t. 280 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum faik-karaveliogullarii Çingay & Cabi; Phytotaxa 372(4): 264 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum farsistanicum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia elegans Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 215 (1948)
= Celsia farsistanica Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 122, t. VII, f. 2 (1925)
= Celsia iranica Rech.f., Aellen & Esfand.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 87: 189 (1950)
species :
Verbascum faurei (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 12 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. faurei
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia faurei Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n. s. 17: No. 9, 7 (1921)
subspecies :
subsp. acanthifolium (Pau) Benedí & J.M.Monts.; Lagascalia 20(1): 169 (1997)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia acanthifolia Pau; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927, No. 566 (1928)
= Celsia faurei var. acanthifolia (Pau) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 669 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. commixtum (Murb.) Benedí; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60(2): 458 (2002)
Distribution: +SW-Spain (+Cádiz); Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia commixta Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 22: 222 (1925)
= Verbascum commixtum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 11 (1973)
species :
Verbascum flavidum (Boiss.) Freyn & Bornm.; Freyn, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 17 (1890)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Greece; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (W-Iran)
13 BUL GRC KOS SRB 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia charrelii Heldr. ex Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 586 (1933), pro syn.
= Verbascum phoeniceum subsp. flavidum (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 140: 48 (1928)
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. flavidum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 346 (1879)
species :
Verbascum flavipannosum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 20 1, t. 10 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum foetidum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(3): 141 (1856)
Distribution: C-Greece (Parnassos, etc.)
13 GRC
Remarks: very rare, recently found again after more than 100 years
species :
Verbascum fontqueri Benedí & J.M.Monts.; Collect. Bot. 16(1): 103 (1985), nom. nov.
Distribution: E-Spain (Valencia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia valentina Font Quer; Butll. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. 26: 56 (1926), et Cavanillesia 1: 27 (1928)
= Verbascum barnadesii subsp. valentinum (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 96 (1983)
species :
Verbascum formosum Fisch.; Cat. Hort. Gorenk. ed. II. 25 (1812), nomen ex Schrad. Monog. Verb. 2: 37 (1823), et ex Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Monac. 22 (1819)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
species :
Verbascum freynii (Sint.) Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 380 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia freynii Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 297 (1894)
species :
Verbascum froedinii Murb.; Nacht. Monogr. Verbasc., Lunds Univ. Arssk. n.f. 32: 17, f. 19 (1936)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Verbascum fruticulosum Post; Post & Autran, Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 403 (1893)
Distribution: Israel (Negev Desert, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR SIN
species :
Verbascum gabrieliae (Bornm.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia gabrieliae Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 59, B: 307 (1939)
species :
Verbascum gaetulum (Maire) Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 18: 82 (1927)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum simplex var. gaetulum (Maire) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 665 (1934)
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. gaetulum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 9: 182 (1918)
species :
Verbascum gaillardotii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 6: 128 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum sinuatum subsp. gaillardotii (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 244 (1914)
species :
Verbascum galilaeum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 8 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum macrophyllum Kotschy ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 315 (1879), nom. inval.
species :
Verbascum geminiflorum Hochst.; Lorent, Wanderungen 336 (1845)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum cestroides Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 331 (1879)
species :
Verbascum georgicum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 228 (1846)
Distribution: European Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 TUE 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Verbascum germaniciae Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 334 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum giganteum Willk.; Linnaea 25: 51 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. giganteum
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain; Gibraltar
12 GIB SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum giganteum subsp. occidentale F.M.Vázquez, Pérez-Chisc. & Sánchez Gullón; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 6: 96 (2012)
= Verbascum simplex subsp. hispanicum (Coss. ex Willk.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 84 (1969)
= Verbascum simplex var. hispanicum (Coss. ex Willk.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., n.s. 29: 117 (1933)
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. giganteum (Willk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 527 (1881)
= Verbascum thapsus var. hispanicum Coss. ex Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 539 (1870)
subspecies :
subsp. dyris (Litard. & Maire ex Murb.) F.M.Vázquez, Pérez-Chisc. & Sánchez Gullón; Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2012)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum dyris Litard. & Maire ex Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 117 (1933), pro syn.
subspecies :
subsp. martinezii Valdés; Lagascalia 14(1): 89 (1986)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain (Cadiz)
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. martinezii (Valdés) A.Galán & Vicente Orell.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 53(2): 261 (1995 publ. 1996)
species :
Verbascum gilanicum Mozaff.; Iran. J. Bot. 22(2): 115 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum gimgimense Firat; Phytotaxa 291(3): 210 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum glabratum Friv.; Flora (Regensb.) 19: 440 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. glabratum
Name: Verkahlende Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Greece; W-Ukraine
11 ger 13 BIH GRC 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum erythrocaule Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 483 (1866)
= Verbascum hornemannii Wierzb.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 17 (1861)
= Verbascum leiocaulon Heuff.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 8: 28 (1858)
= Verbascum leiostachyon Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 43 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. bosnense (K.Malý) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 447 (1933)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; N-Greece
13 ALB BIH GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bosnense K.Malý; Glasnik. Bosn. Herzeg. 20: IV. 557 (1908), Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 7: 185
subspecies :
subsp. brandzae (Franch. ex Brândzã) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 445 (1933)
Name: Brandza-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; SW-Romania
11 ger 13 ALB KOS ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum brandzae Franch. ex D.Brândza; Prodr. Fl. Român.: 347 (1883)
= Verbascum leptocladum Pancic; Elench. Pl. Vasc.: 69 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum pancicii Rohlena; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 39: 6 (1902 publ. 1903), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum rohlenae K.Malý; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine Sarajevu. Prir. Nauke 20: 557 (1908)
species :
Verbascum glanduliferum (Post) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 13 (1973)
Distribution: Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia glandulifera Post; Pl. Postianianae 2: 19 (1891)
species :
Verbascum globiferum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 341, t. 21 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum globiflorum Boiss. & de Noé; Boiss, Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 148 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum gloeotrichum Hausskn. & Heldr.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5: 87 (1887)
Distribution: North Macedonia; ?Albania; N- & E-Greece
13 GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum adenophorum Godr.; Mém. Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 442 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum glandulosum Delile; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3 (Bot.) 12: 367 (1849), non Roem. & Schult.
= Verbascum meteoricum Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 10: 50 (1897)
= Verbascum meteoricum Hausskn. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I. 229 (1889)
species :
Verbascum glomeratum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 52 (1844)
Distribution: ?Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 EAI SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum aintabicum Post; Pl. Post. 2: 17 (1891)
= Verbascum cotoneum Delile ex Godr.; Mém. Sect. Med. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 440 (1853)
species :
Verbascum glomerulosum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 194, f. 7 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum gnaphalodes M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 152 (1819)
Distribution: European Turkey; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 TUE 14 KRY 33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum abieticola var. trojanum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 322 (1933)
= Verbascum balansae Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 361 (1930)
= Verbascum eriorrhabdon var. balansae (Bornm.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 320 (1933)
= Verbascum stevenii Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 1: 15 (1813)
species :
Verbascum golawanense Firat; Phytotaxa 305(1): 22 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum gossypinum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 152 (1819)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum hohenackeri Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 42 (1838)
species :
Verbascum gracilescens Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 342, t. 22 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum graecum Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(3): 148 (1856)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; ?Albania; European Turkey; Greece
13 GRC KOS SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum degenii Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 140 (1898)
= Verbascum haussknechtii var. degenii (Halácsy) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 330 (1933)
species :
Verbascum guicciardii Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 127 (1859)
Distribution: Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC
species :
Verbascum gypsicola Vural & Aydogdu; Karaca Arbor. Mag. 2(2): 76 (1993)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum hadschinense Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 45 (1896)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum haesarense Freyn & Bornm.; Freyn, Mem. Herb. Boissier 13: 27 (1900)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum hajastanicum Bordz.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis n. s. 5: 47 (1931)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum hajastanicum var. aragatzicum Bordz.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, n.s. 5: 47 (1928-1930 publ. 1931)
species :
Verbascum halacsyanum Sint. & Bornm. ex Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 374 (1892)
Distribution: NE-Greece (near Kavalla)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum haraldi-adnani Parolly & Eren; Willdenowia 38(1): 129 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum hasbenlii Aytaç & H.Duman; Turkish J. Bot. 36(4): 323 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum haussknechtianum Hub.-Mor.; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 147: 44 (1981)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum persicum Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 22 2: 103 (1907) (non Kuntze (1891))
variant :
var. fallacinum (Bornm.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Iranica 147: 45 (1981)
Distribution: N-Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum persicum var. fallacinum Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 22(2): 104 (1907)
species :
Verbascum haussknechtii Heldr. ex Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. Thür. Jena 5 (Bot. Ver.): 71 (1887)
Distribution: European Turkey; E- & NE-Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 GRC TUE 34 TUR
species :
Verbascum helianthemoides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 27, t. 5 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum hema-figranum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 321 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum hervieri Degen; Magyar Bot. Lapok 5: 5 (1906)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Cazorla, Segura, Alcaraz)
12 SPA
species :
Verbascum herzogii Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 97 (1923)
Distribution: NW-North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum heterobarbatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 343, t. 23 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum heterodontum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 28, t. 6 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum hookerianum Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 584 (1878)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum hookerianum var. ballii Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 83 (1927), nom. inval.
= Verbascum hookerianum var. pseudocalycinum Maire & Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 84 (1927)
= Verbascum hookerianum var. tagadirtense (Murb.) Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 83 (1927)
= Verbascum tagadirtense Murb.; Contr. Fl. Maroc [Murb.] 2, Univ. Lund 2(19): 39 (1923)
species :
Verbascum humile Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 23: 241 (1873)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum humile subsp. rhodopaeum Stoj.; Izv. Tsarsk. Prir. Inst. Sofiya 1: 143 (1928)
species :
Verbascum hypoleucum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(3): 147 (1856)
Distribution: S-Greece (Killini Oros)
13 GRC
Remarks: very rare but recently found again after more than 100 years
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum nigrum subsp. hypoleucum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman
species :
Verbascum ibrahim-belenlii Karavel.; Phytotaxa 212(3): 246 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum iconium Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 196, f. 8 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ifranensis Khamar, Civeyrel, Pelissier, Badr, El Oualidi & Touhami-Ouazz.; Phytotaxa 295(2): 133 (2017)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Verbascum ikaricum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 232, t. 6 (1933)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria, Samos)
34 EAI
species :
Verbascum inaequale Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 295 (1894)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum infidelium Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 342 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum insulare Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 14 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum eriorrhabdon var. insulare (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 317 (1879)
species :
Verbascum interruptum (Fresen.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya (Marsabit)
24 ETH 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia interrupta Fresen.; Flora 16: 605 (1838)
= Celsia valerianifolia A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 112 (1850)
= Verbascum valerianifolium (A.Rich.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 16 (1973)
species :
Verbascum intricatum (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia intricata Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 247 (1846)
species :
Verbascum inulifolium Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 91 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum isauricum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 22 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum jankaeanum Pancic; Nov. Elem. Fl. Bulg. 32 (1886)
Distribution: W-Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum graecum var. jankaeanum (Pancic) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 122 (1929)
species :
Verbascum jordanicum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 503 (1933)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum macranthum Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 404 (1893)
species :
Verbascum jordanovii Stef.-Gat.; Feddes Repert. 90(7-8): 408 (1979)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum josgadense Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arrskr. n.f. 29: 263, t. 8 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum juruk Stef.; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 16: 230 (1966)
Distribution: Bulgaria (Rodopi)
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum humile subsp. juruk (Stef.) Kozuharov; Opred. Vissh. Rast. Bulg.: 786 (1992)
species :
Verbascum kastamunicum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 265, t. 9 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum kochiiforme Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 335 (1879)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum korovinii P.P.Gritz.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 187 (1968)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Verbascum kotschyi Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 56 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum obovatum Hochst.; Lorent, Wanderungen: 336 (1845)
species :
Verbascum krauseanum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 380, t. 20 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum varians var. erzindschanense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 58 (1955)
species :
Verbascum kurdicum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 31, t. 7 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Verbascum kurdistanicum Firat; PhytoKeys 52: 90 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum lachnopus Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 68, t. 25 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum laetum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 338 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia leatherdalei Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 87: 191 (1950)
= Verbascum microcarpum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 230 (1846)
species :
Verbascum lagurus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 5: 42 (1839)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bombyciforme Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 303 (1879)
= Verbascum lagurus subsp. ponticum Kozuharov; Opred. Vissh. Rast. Bulg.: 786 (1992)
= Verbascum lagurus subsp. stefanovii Sutorý; Phytol. Balcan. 6: 13 (2000), nom. superfl.
= Verbascum oxycarpum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 729 (1849)
= Verbascum ponticum Stef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 72: 427 (1923), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum lasianthum Boiss. ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 234 (1846)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC 34 EAI SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum aphyllopodum Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 264 (1894)
= Verbascum brevidens Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 235 (1846)
= Verbascum caudatum Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 160 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum myconium Heldr. ex Halácsy; Magyar Bot. Lap. 11: 175. in syn. (1912)
= Verbascum pycnostachyum var. samothracicum Degen
= Verbascum ringens Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 12: 13 (1853)
species :
Verbascum latisepalum Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 17, t. 279 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leianthoides Murb.; Nachtr. Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 32: 25, t. 4-5 (1936)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leianthum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 239 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum microcalycinum Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 338 (1879)
species :
Verbascum leiocarpum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 451, t. 23 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leiocladum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 555 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); ?Syria
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leptocladum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 10 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leptostachyon DC.; Lam., Fl. Fr. Suppl. 415 (1815)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum simplex Labill.; Icon. Pl. Syr. Dec. 4: 10, t. 5 (1812), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum letourneuxii Asch. & Schweinf.; Mem. Inst. Egypte 189 (1887)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY LBY
species :
Verbascum leuconeurum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 27 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum leucophyllum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 46 (1844)
Distribution: ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC KOS NMA
species :
Verbascum levanticum I.K.Ferguson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64: 230 (1971)
Distribution: C-Portugal [I]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel)
12 por 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia glandulosa Bouché; Verh. Ges. Naturf. Berlin 1: 395 (1829)
= Verbascum glandulosum (Bouché) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891) (non Thore ex Roem. & Schult. (1819) nec Delile (1849))
species :
Verbascum libanoticum Murb. & J.Thiébaut; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 27 1: 27 (1936)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum limnense Fraas; Syn. Pl. Fl. Class.: 191 (1845)
Distribution: E-Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia tomentosa Zucc.; Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 1: 330 (1829-1830 publ. 1832) non Hochst.
= Verbascum graecum var. zuccarinii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 336 (1879)
= Verbascum tomentosum (Zucc.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum zuccarinii (Boiss.) I.K.Ferguson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 64: 230 (1971)
species :
Verbascum lindae Parolly & Kit Tan; Willdenowia 37(1): 279 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum linearilobum (Boiss.) Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Nat. Ges. 87: 145 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum lyratifolium var. linearilobum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 150 (1856)
species :
Verbascum linguifolium Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 34, t. 26 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum litigiosum Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port. 108 (1913)
Distribution: C- & SW-Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum crassifolium Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 1: 213 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. litigiosum (Samp.) A.Galán & Vicente Orell.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 53(2): 261 (1995 publ. 1996)
species :
Verbascum lobatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 69, t. 27 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum longibracteatum Deflers; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 218 (1895)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert)
35 SAU YEM
species :
Verbascum longifolium Ten.; Fl. Nap. 1, Prodr.: 16 (1811) ex Murb., Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 142 (1933), descr. ampl.
Distribution: Italy; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC ITA KOS NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bombyciferum Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 165 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum epirotum Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 129 (1898)
= Verbascum longifolium subsp. pannosum (Vis.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 29: 144 (1933)
= Verbascum macrostachyum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 58 (1844), in textu
= Verbascum pachyurum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 133 (1922)
= Verbascum pannosum Vis. & Pancic; Mem. Ist. Venet. 12: 475 (1864)
= Verbascum samaritanii Heldr. ex Boiss.; Boiss. Diagn. Ser. II. 6: 127 (1856)
= Verbascum viridissimum Stoj. & Stef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 73: 281 (1924)
species :
Verbascum longipedicellatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 35, t.28 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum longirostre (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 13 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Libya; N-Chad (Tibesti)
20 ALG LBY MOR WSA 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia longirostris Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 190 (1925)
= Celsia longirostris var. antiatlantica Emb.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 185 (1936)
= Celsia longirostris var. atlantica Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 29 (1940)
= Celsia longirostris var. hoggarica Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 29 (1940)
= Verbascum longirostre var. antiatlantica (Emb.) Khamar; PhytoKeys 225: 134 (2023)
= Verbascum longirostre var. atlantica (Maire) Khamar; PhytoKeys 225: 135 (2023)
= Verbascum longirostre var. hoggarica (Maire) Khamar; PhytoKeys 225: 135 (2023)
species :
Verbascum luciliae (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia luciliae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 65 (1844)
species :
Verbascum luntii Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 337 (1894)
Distribution: Yemen (Inner Hadhramaut)
35 YEM
species :
Verbascum luridiflorum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 306 (1965)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum luridum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 35 (1955), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum lychnitis L.; Sp. Pl. 177 (1753)
Name: Mehlige Königskerze (DE), White mullein (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark; ?Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N-Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], West Virginia [I])
10 DEN fin GRB swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 MOR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 GEO NCS 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Blattaria alba (Mill.) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 4: I. 230 (1789)
= Lychnitis alba (Mill.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Lychnitis lutea Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Thapsus lychnitis (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum album Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3 (1768)
= Verbascum bracteatum J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag. 214 (1822)
= Verbascum firmum Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 384 (1867)
= Verbascum leucanthemum Dufour ex Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 2: 552 (1853)
= Verbascum lychnitideum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 137 (1880)
= Verbascum lychnitis f. album (Mill.) Wüst; 92 (1896)
= Verbascum lychnitis f. album House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 243-244: 45 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum lychnitis f. cuspidata H.Lindb. ex Cajander; Mela, Suom. Kasvio, ed. 5: 504 (1906)
= Verbascum lychnitis f. rochelianum Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 172 (1973)
= Verbascum lychnitis subsp. album (Mill.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 145 (1834)
= Verbascum lychnitis subsp. moenchii (Schultz) Holub & Mlady; Severoceskou Prír. 8-9(2): 148 (1978)
= Verbascum lychnitis subvar. albiflorum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 14 (1909)
= Verbascum lychnitis subvar. aureiflorum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 14 (1909)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. album (Mill.) Latourr.; 6 (1785)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. album Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 104 (1820)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. album Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 86 (1812)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. berdaui Tacik; Pawl., 248, 246 (1963)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. crispinoviense Tacik; Pawl., 248, 247 (1963)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. flavum Döll; 324 (1843)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. foliosum Vayr.; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 30: 553 (1902)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. giganteum Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc T. 196 (1924)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. glabratum Kabath; 69 (1846)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. gymnostemon Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 154 (1868)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. incanum Moritzi; 114 (1832)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. longebracteatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 14 (1909)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. longibracteatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 14 (1909)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. luteum Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl.: 104 (1820)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. luteum Wirtg.; 317 (1857)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. moenchii (Schultz) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 63 (1824)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. parvulum Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, éd. 5: 264 (1879)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. pulverulentum Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 53 (1825)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. pulverulentum Merrem; 95 (1809)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. rubellum M.Loehr; 479 (1852)
= Verbascum micranthum Moretti; Brugnat, Giorn. Fis. Dec. II. 5: 111 (1822)
= Verbascum moenchii Schultz; Prod. Fl. Starg. Suppl. 1: 14 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum parvoflore Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 41 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Verbascum pulverulentum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 104 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum ramosissimum Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 718 (1814)
= Verbascum repandum Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat.: 86 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum rhombifolium Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 378 (1812)
= Verbascum sylvestre Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 336 (1897)
= Verbascum weldenii F.Braun ex Moretti; Giorn. Fis., ser. 2, 5: 43 (1822)
species :
Verbascum lydium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 62 (1844)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum lydium var. heterandrum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 378 (1933)
species :
Verbascum lyprocarpum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia lyprocarpa Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 126, t. 10 (1925)
species :
Verbascum lyratifolium Köchel; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 242 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum koechelii Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 344 (1879)
species :
Verbascum lysiosepalum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 37, t. 9 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum macedonicum Kosanin & Murb.; Bull. Inst. Jard. Bot. Univ. Beograd 1: 220 (1930)
Distribution: North Macedonia (near Poloski Monaskir)
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum macrocarpum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 6 (1853)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR 40 PAK
species :
Verbascum macrosepalum Boiss. & Kotschy ex Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 467 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum macrurum Ten.; Fl. Neap. Prodr. App. Quinta 9 (1826)
Distribution: S-Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; European Turkey; S-Greece; Crete
13 BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE
Remarks: thapsus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum niveum subsp. pannosiforme (Stoj.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 102 (1933)
= Verbascum pannosiforme Stoj.; Z. Bulgar. Akad. Wiss. 37: 160 (1928)
species :
Verbascum maeandri Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. 24: 89 (1908)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum mairei (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 13 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia mairei Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 35: No. 1 (Verbascum & Celsia) 59 (1939)
species :
Verbascum mallophorum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 39 (1846)
Distribution: C- & S-Italy; S-Albania; C- & S-Greece
13 ALB GRC ITA
species :
Verbascum maroccanum (Ball) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 13 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia maroccana Ball; J. Bot. 13: 172 (1875)
= Celsia maroccana f. lanuginosa Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 439 (1938)
species :
Verbascum masguindalii (Pau) Benedí & J.M.Monts.; Collect. Bot. 16(1): 108 (1985)
Distribution: S-Spain; NW-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia masguindalii Pau; Monde Pl. 30(181): 1 (1929)
= Celsia ramosissima Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 244 (1846)
= Verbascum hamidoui Rankou.; (2013)
= Verbascum ramosissimum (Benth.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum matevskii Teof.; Thaiszia 33(1): 65 (2023)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum maurum Maire & Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n. s. 19: No. 1, 35 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco; W-Algeria
20 ALG MOR
species :
Verbascum mecit-vuralii Karavel.; Biol. Diversity Conservation 8(1): 79 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum medinecum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 321 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum megricum (Tzvelev) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 14 (1973)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia megrica Tzvelev; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 19: 11 (1959)
species :
Verbascum meinckeanum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 573, t. 29, ff. 1-2 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum melhanense (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 14 (1973)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia melhanensis Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 22: 155 (1925)
species :
Verbascum melitenense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 39, t. 10 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum microsepalum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 198, f. 9 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum misirdalianum Karavel., Çeçen & Ünal; Phytotaxa 217(1): 96 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum mucronatum Lam.; Encycl. 4: 218 (1797)
Name: Zugespitzte Königskerze (DE); Elongated Mullein (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Syria (Jazira)
13 GRC TUE 34 EAI SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Thapsus mucronatum (Lam.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum candidissimum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 413 (1815)
species :
Verbascum mughlaeum H.Duman, Uzunh. & Kit Tan; Phytotaxa 291(3): 231 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum murbeckianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 4 1, t. 12 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum mykales Bornm.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. n. s. 22: 49 (1907)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum myrianthum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 330 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum amasianum Hausskn. & Bornm.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 17 (1894)
species :
Verbascum myriocarpum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 21 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum napifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 60 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum natolicum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 14 (1973)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Staurophragma natolicum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 9: 90 (1843)
= Staurophragma natolicum var. davisianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 63 (1955)
species :
Verbascum nevadense Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Midi Esp. 2: 443 (1841)
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain (Sa. Nevada and surrounding mountains)
12 SPA
species :
Verbascum nicolai Rohlena; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 3: 148 (1906)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; N-Albania
13 ALB BIH MNT NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum scardicola Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 136 (1922)
species :
Verbascum nigrum L.; Sp. Pl. 178 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. nigrum
Name: Schwarze Königskerze (DE), Black mullein (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Minnesota [I], New Hampshire [I], Pennsylvania [I], Wisconsin [I]); Bolivia [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 71 cdn 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnitis nigra (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Thapsus nigrum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum alopecurus Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 110 (1799)
= Verbascum barthii Schur ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 229 (1890), nom. inval.
= Verbascum chaixii var. urticifolium (Lam.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 15 (1909)
= Verbascum cordifolium Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 381 (1812)
= Verbascum dentatum Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 1: 114 (1813)
= Verbascum gallicum Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 1005 (1798)
= Verbascum grisebachianum Borbás ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I. 229 (1889)
= Verbascum humile Bernh. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 872 (1821), nom. inval.
= Verbascum hybridum Lej.; Fl. Spa 2: 299 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum lyratum Pourr. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 530 (1881), nom. inval.
= Verbascum macrophyllum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 728 (1849)
= Verbascum minutiflorum Stef.; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 14: 197 (1965), nom. inval.
= Verbascum monspessulanum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 215 (1805)
= Verbascum nigrum f. leucerion Grütter; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 10: 69 (1892)
= Verbascum nigrum subsp. alopecuros (Thuill.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 145 (1834)
= Verbascum nigrum subsp. comosum (Simonk.) Simonk.; 415 (1887)
= Verbascum nigrum subsp. thyrsoideum (Host) Simonk.; 415 (1887)
= Verbascum nigrum var. albiflorum F.Aresch.; 102 (1881)
= Verbascum nigrum var. alopecuros (Thuill.) Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 318 (1857)
= Verbascum nigrum var. alopecurus (Thuill.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 37 (1827)
= Verbascum nigrum var. amplectens Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 66 (1832)
= Verbascum nigrum var. cuspidatum Krok; Bot. Notiser 1863: 15 (1863)
= Verbascum nigrum var. cuspidatum Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 318 (1857)
= Verbascum nigrum var. glabratum Sond.; 126 (1851)
= Verbascum nigrum var. glabrescens Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 66 (1832)
= Verbascum nigrum var. gymnandrum F.Aresch.; 102 (1881)
= Verbascum nigrum var. gymnostemon DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 415 (1815)
= Verbascum nigrum var. gymnostemon Rchb.; (1831)
= Verbascum nigrum var. lanatum (Schrad.) Sond.; 126 (1851)
= Verbascum nigrum var. leucandrum F.Aresch.; 102 (1881)
= Verbascum nigrum var. parisiense (Thuill.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 87 (1812)
= Verbascum nigrum var. parisiense (Thuill.) Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 318 (1857)
= Verbascum nigrum var. pyramidatum Moritzi; 114 (1832)
= Verbascum nigrum var. thyrsoideum (Host) W.D.J.Koch; 514 (1837)
= Verbascum nigrum var. thyrsoideum (Host) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 16 (1909)
= Verbascum nigrum var. tomentosum Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 65 (1839)
= Verbascum nigrum var. tomentosum Sond.; 126 (1851)
= Verbascum orchideum Host; Fl. Austriac. 1: 288 (1827)
= Verbascum orientale Friv. ex Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 44 (1844), nom. inval.
= Verbascum ovatum Schrad.; Hort. Götting. 21. t. 15 (1809)
= Verbascum parisiense Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 110 (1799)
= Verbascum pseudonigrum Bogenh.; Flora 24: 150 (1841)
= Verbascum ruderale Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 329 (1845)
= Verbascum urticifolium Lam.; Encycl. 4: 220 (1797)
= Verbascum vernale Wierzb. ex Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat, 86 (1838)
= Verbascum villosum Bernh. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 873 (1821), nom. inval.
= Verbascum wierzbickii Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 167 (1858)
subspecies :
subsp. abietinum (Borbás) I.K.Ferguson; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 64: 232 (1971)
Name: Tannenwald-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; W- & C-Romania; Bulgaria; Greece
11 ger 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia bornmuelleri (Velen.) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 182 (1925)
= Verbascum abietinum Borbás; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandeub. 17: 60 (1875)
= Verbascum borisii-regis Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 32: 37 (1933)
= Verbascum bornmuelleri Velen.; Sitzb. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. 1889. 2: 38 (1890), et Fl. Bulg. 415 (1891)
species :
Verbascum nihatgoekyigitii Karavel. & Çingay; Phytotaxa 269(4): 288 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum niveum Ten.; Fl. Nap. 1, Prodr.: 16 (1811) et ex Murb., Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 95 (1933), descr. ampl.
subspecies :
subsp. niveum
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: thapsus agg.
subspecies :
subsp. garganicum (Ten.) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov ser. 29(2): 99 (1933)
Distribution: C-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum garganicum Ten.; Relaz. Viagg. Abruzzo: 53 (1832)
= Verbascum heterophyllum Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 49 (1844), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. visianianum (Rchb.) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov ser. 29(2): 101 (1933)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania
13 ALB BIH CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum visianianum Rchb.; Ic. Fl. Germ. 20: 13 (1835)
= Verbascum niveum subsp. inarimense Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 100 (1933)
species :
Verbascum nobile Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 209 (1898)
Distribution: S- & E-Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum nikolovii Stoj.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Bulgar. 1: 75 (1926)
species :
Verbascum nudatum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 483 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum denudatum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 23 (1853) (non Pfund (1840))
variant :
var. spathulatum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 211 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum nudicaule (Wydler) Takht.; Takht. & Fedor., Fl. Erevana ed. 2: 234 (1972)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia brevicaulis Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 276 (1901)
= Celsia nudicaulis (Wydler) B.Fedtsch.; Kom., Fl. URSS 22: 172 (1955)
= Celsia persica C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 111 (1831)
= Scrophularia nudicaulis Wydler; Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Geneve 4: 68 (1828)
= Verbascum embergeri Mobayen; Naturalia Monspel., Sér. Bot. 13: 41 (1962)
= Verbascum nudicaule (Wydler) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 14 (1973) isonym
= Verbascum persicum (C.A.Mey.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 466 (1891) (non Bornm. (1907))
species :
Verbascum nudiusculum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 102 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum obtusifolium Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 93 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum olympicum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 54 (1844)
Name: Olympic mullein, Olymp-Königskerze
Distribution: Germany [c]; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger 34 TUR 76 usa
species :
Verbascum omanense Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 39: 320 (1984)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman)
35 OMA
species :
Verbascum oocarpum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 355, t. 48 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum microcymosum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 40 (1955)
species :
Verbascum orbicularifolium Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 42, t. 13 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum oreodoxum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 44, t. 30 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum oreophilum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 726 (1849)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
33 GEO 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia armeniaca Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 361 (1879)
= Celsia aurea K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 731 (1849)
= Verbascum aureum (K.Koch) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
variant :
var. joannis (Bordz.) Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges. 87: 136 (1971)
Distribution: Armenia; NE-Turkey
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia joannis Bordz.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Kieff, 12-13: 135 (1931), et in Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 1928-30, n. s. Pt. 5, 49 (1931)
= Celsia aureiformis Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 83 (1925)
= Verbascum aurantiacum Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 218 (1948), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum aureiforme (Murb.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 541 (1933)
= Verbascum aureum var. joannis (Bordz.) Murb.; Bot. Notiser 1940: 6 (1940)
= Verbascum joannis Bordz.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, n.s. 5: 49 (1928-1930 publ. 1931), pro syn.
= Verbascum kalibaricum Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 219 (1948)
species :
Verbascum orgyale Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 15 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum orientale (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 106 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. orientale
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang)
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC TUE 14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia caduca Moench; Methodus 447 (1794)
= Celsia orientalis L.; Sp. Pl. 621 (1753)
= Verbascum chaixii subsp. orientale (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 127 (1929)
= Verbascum elegans Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 105 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Verbascum orientale (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891), isonym
= Verbascum orientale (L.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 160 (1808), isonym
= Verbascum virens Host; Fl. Austriaca 1: 290 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. brachysepalum (Fisch. & Trautv.) Karavel. & Aytaç; Bot. Res. J. 1(1): 15 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia brachysepala Fisch. & Trautv.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 4: 33 (1837)
= Celsia lepturus Schott & Kotschy; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 186 (1854)
= Verbascum brachysepalum (Fisch. & Trautv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
species :
Verbascum orphanideum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 312 (1933)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum ovalifolium Donn.Sm. ex Sims; Bot. Mag. 26: t. 1037 (1807)
subspecies :
subsp. ovalifolium
Name: Eiblättrige Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
11 ger 13 BUL ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum compactum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 159 (1808)
= Verbascum crenatifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 51 (1844)
= Verbascum formosum Fisch. ex Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 37 (1823), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum nemorosum de Noé ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 526 (1881), nom. inval.
= Verbascum pulchrum Velen.; Sitzb. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. (1887) 454, et Fl. Bulg. 409 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. thracicum (Velen.) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 496 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Turkey
13 BUL 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum thracicum Velen.; Fl. Bulg. 410 (1891)
species :
Verbascum ozturkii Karavel., Uzunh. & S.Çelik; Pakistan J. Bot. 40(4): 1595 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pallidiflorum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 45, t. 31 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum palmyrense Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 26 (1893)
Distribution: Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRQ SYR
species :
Verbascum pangaeum Murb. & Rech.f.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 35(1): 50 (1939)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum paniculatum E.Wulff; Bull. Mus. Caucasus, Tiflis 11: 67 (1917)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO
species :
Verbascum parsana Sotoodeh, Attar & Civeyrel; Adansonia 38(1): 128 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum parviflorum Lam.; Encycl. 4: 222 (1797)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum taraxacifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 59 (1844)
species :
Verbascum pedunculosum Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia pedunculosa Hochst. & Steud. ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 245 (1846)
= Celsia pedunculosa var. emarginata Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 154 (1925)
species :
Verbascum pellitum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 46, t. 14 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pentelicum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 216 (1933)
Distribution: S-Greece (Pendelikon Oros)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum peraffine (Rech.f.) Zograf. & Strid; Phytol. Balcan. 23(1): 67 (2017)
Distribution: E-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: daenzeri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia peraffinis Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Kl. 93: 100 (1956)
species :
Verbascum pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 25 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum petiolare Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Fl. 4: 327 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum petrae P.H.Davis & Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 49 (1951)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
species :
Verbascum phlomoides L.; Sp. Pl. 1194 (1753)
Name: Windblumen-Königskerze (DE); Orange Mullein (EN); molène faux-phlomis (F)
Distribution: England [I]; ?Netherlands [I]; ?Belgium [I]; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
10 grb 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 cis COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI TUR 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Flomosia condensata (Schrad.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Flomosia nemarosa (Schrad.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Flomosia phlomoides (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Thapsus phlomoides (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 96 (1852)
= Verbascum argyrostachyon Ten.; Relaz. Viagg. Abruzzo: 52 (1832)
= Verbascum australe Schrad.; Monog. Verb. 1: 28 (1813)
= Verbascum belasitzae Stoj. & Stef.; Fl. Bulg. (Ann. Arch. Agric. Bulg. v), 987 (1925)
= Verbascum bulgaricum Velen.; Fl. Bulg.: 408 (1891)
= Verbascum calvescens Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 481 (1866)
= Verbascum condensatum Schrad.; Monog. Verb. 1: 31. t. 3 (1813)
= Verbascum foemina Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 613 b (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 356 (1767), Thell. inBull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 8: 908
= Verbascum formanekii Borbás ex Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 31: 122 (1892 publ. 1893)
= Verbascum grandiflorum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 5 (1768)
= Verbascum italicum Moric.; Fl. Venet. 1: 116 (1820)
= Verbascum jernacha Hochst. ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 227 (1846), nom. inval.
= Verbascum macranthum Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 1: 215. t. 27 (1811)
= Verbascum montanum Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 49 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum nemorosum Schrad.; Monog. Verb. 1: 32 (1813)
= Verbascum phlomoides f. eramosum Todor & Gergely; Contr. Bot. Univ. "Babes-Bolyai" Cluj-Napoca 1971: 213 (1971)
= Verbascum phlomoides proles nemorosum (Schrad.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 8 (1909)
= Verbascum phlomoides subsp. australe (Schrad.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 526 (1881)
= Verbascum phlomoides subsp. australe (Schrad.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 228 (1894)
= Verbascum phlomoides subvar. albiflorum Rouy; 7 (1909)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. album Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 125 (1866)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. amplexicaule Berdau; 247 (1859)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. australe (Schrad.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 38 (1827)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. australe (Schrad.) Wirtg.; 133 (1841)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. condensatum (Schrad.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 125 (1866)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. condensatum (Schrad.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 7 (1909)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. condensatum (Schrad.) Wirtg.; 133 (1841)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. decurrens Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 61 (1883)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. denudatum Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 196 (1827)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. glabratum Döll; 758 (1859)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. glabrescens Zalewski; Kosmos (Lvov) 5/6: 14 (1896)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. kochii Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 125 (1866)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. linnaei F.W.Schultz; 317 (1845), nom. inval.
= Verbascum phlomoides var. macranthum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 7 (1909)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. nemorosum (Schrad.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 38 (1827)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. nemorosum (Schrad.) Wirtg.; 133 (1841)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. ramosum Freyn & E.Brandis; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 621 (1888)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. semidecurrens Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. 2: 298 (1831)
= Verbascum pulverulentum Spreng.; Fl. Hal. Tent. Nov.: 74 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum pumilum Stoj. & Stef.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 72: 89 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum rolletianum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 333 (1819)
= Verbascum rugulosum Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 224 (1809)
= Verbascum saxatile Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 104 (1796)
= Verbascum semidecurrens Kit. ex Nyman; Consp. 526 (1881)
= Verbascum slavonicum Kit.; Rochel, Pl. Banat. Rar. 26 (1828)
= Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. phlomoides (L.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 415 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. condensatum (Schrad.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 65 (1832)
= Verbascum thapsoides Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 490 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum thapsus var. condensatum (Schrad.) Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 140 (1824)
= Verbascum thapsus var. subdecurrens Döll; 322 (1843)
= Verbascum tomentosum Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 260 (1779)
= Verbascum viminale Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 101 (1826)
species :
Verbascum phoeniceum L.; Sp. Pl. 178 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. phoeniceum
Name: Violette Königskerze (DE), Purple mullein (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern, Hessen [I], Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); China (N-Xinjiang); USA [I] (New York [I], Ohio [I])
11 AUT CZE GER HUN net POL SLO 12 cis 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia rechingeri Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 106 (1925)
= Thapsus pheniceum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1838)
= Verbascum cisalpinum Biroli; Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. Dec. II. 4: 284 (1821)
= Verbascum collinum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 104 (1796)
= Verbascum cupreum Sims; Bot. Mag. 30: t. 1226 (1809)
= Verbascum ferrugineum Andrews; Bot. Repos. 3: t. 162 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. albiflorum Döll; 760 (1859)
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. dobrzyniense Zalewski; Kosmos (Lvov) 5/6: 14 (1896)
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. slavchovii Velchev & P.Vassil.; Phytol. Balcan. 8: 16 (2002)
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. vellerigerum Borbás; Természetrajzi Füz. 16: 51 (1893)
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. villosum Borbás; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 147: 58 (1975), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum plantaginifolium Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 484 (1866)
= Verbascum puniceum Schrad.; Hort. Götting. 20. t. 14 (1809)
= Verbascum triste Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 151 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. amplexicaule (Velen.) Cheshm.; Opred. Rast. Bulg. 344 (2011)
Distribution: Serbia; Bulgaria
13 BUL SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum phoeniceum var. amplexicaule Velen.; Fl. Bulgar. 416 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. stojanovii Kovacev; Science. Tr. Sel. Stop. Inst. Plv. 12(2): 296 (1963)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum phrygium Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 24: 481 (1909)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum phyllostachyum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 331 (1879)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Verbascum pinardii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 62 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum cilicicum var. laxiflorum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 488 (1933)
= Verbascum laxiflorum Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 90 (1885), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum pinetorum (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia pinetorum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 30 (1853)
= Celsia floccosa Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 313 (1887), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum pinnatifidum Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 39 (1791)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC TUE 14 KRY 33 GEO 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum bipinnatifidum Sims; Bot. Mag. 43: t. 1777 (1815)
= Verbascum ceratophyllum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 7 (1823)
= Verbascum sinuatum Hablitz; Descr. Phys. Taur.: 156 (1788), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum pinnatisectum (Batt.) Benedí; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60(2): 460 (2003)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia cretica var. pinnatisecta Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 40: 263 (1893)
= Celsia pinnatisecta (Batt.) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie-Tunisie [Batt. & Trab.]: 243 "1902" (1905)
species :
Verbascum piscicidum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 151 (1897)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos)
34 EAI
species :
Verbascum ponticum (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia pontica Boiss.; Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 3: 11 (1860)
species :
Verbascum porteri Post; Pl. Postianae 2: 18 (1891)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Verbascum postianum Murb.; Monogr. Verbasc., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 599, t. 31 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum protractum Fenzl ex Tchich.; Asie. Min. Bot. 2: 6 (1860)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum lychnitis f. grandiflorum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 237 (1846)
species :
Verbascum prunellii Rodr.Gracia & Valdés Berm.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 56(1): 185 (1998)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria)
12 SPA
species :
Verbascum prusianum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 7: 37 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pseudocreticum Benedí & J.M.Monts.; Collect. Bot. 16(1): 106 (1985), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocreticum
Distribution: S-Spain (Cadiz); Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia sinuata Willk.; Ill. Fl. Hisp. 2: 58 (1888) (non Cav.)
subspecies :
subsp. demnatense (Maire & Murb.) Ibn Tattou; Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Ser. Bot. 37: 379 (2005), nom. inval., et Index Syn. Fl. Afrique N. 5: 304 (2013)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia demnatensis (Maire & Murb.) Maire & Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 29: 438 (1938)
= Celsia lyrata var. demnatensis (Maire & Murb.) Murb.; Monogr. Celsia, Acta Univ. Lund, Nov. Ser. 22(1): 199 (1925)
= Celsia sinuata var. demnatensis Maire & Murb.; Contr. Fl. Maroc [Murb.] 2, Acta Univ. Lund 19(1): 40 (1923)
species :
Verbascum pseudodigitalis Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 90: 28, f. 7 et 32, t. 2, f. 12 (1926)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum pseudodigitalis var. chrysandrum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 32(1): 7 (1936)
variant :
var. phoenicandrum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 32(1): 6 (1936)
Distribution: N-Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum firuzabadicum Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 219 (1948)
species :
Verbascum pseudoholotrichum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 48, t. 15 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pseudonobile Stoj. & Stef.; Jahrb. Univ. Sofia 20: Agron. Fak. 2: 69 (1924), Stoyanoff & Stef., Fl. Bulg. (Ann. Arch. Agric. Bulg. v), 990 (1925)
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
species :
Verbascum pseudovarians Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 345, t. 24 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pterocalycinum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 49 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. mutense Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges. 87: 133 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pterocladum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 50, t. 32 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ptychophyllum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 8 (1853)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum pubescens (Skan) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 14 (1973)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Remarks: only known from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia pedunculosa var. pubescens Skan; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 282 (1906)
= Celsia pubescens (Skan) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 138 (1925)
species :
Verbascum pulverulentum Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 22 (1779)
Name: Flockige Königskerze (DE), Broad-leaf mullein (EN)
Distribution: England; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern [I], Hessen, Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt [I]); Switzerland; Austria [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Washington State [I])
10 GRB 11 aut BGM GER HUN LUX SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 21 mdr 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Lychnitis pulverulenta (Vill.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Thapsus floccosum (Waldst. & Kit.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Thapsus pulverulentum (Vill.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum acutifolium Halácsy; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 136 (1898)
= Verbascum farinosum Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 542 (1870)
= Verbascum floccosum f. manlevense Sennen & Gonzalo; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1927: no. 6309 (1928)
= Verbascum floccosum subsp. pulverulentum (Vill.) Ces.; 47 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum floccosum var. heterophyllum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 13 (1909)
= Verbascum floccosum var. pulverulentum Rchb.; XXXVII (1833)
= Verbascum floccosum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 81 (1802)
= Verbascum haemorrhoidale Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 236 (1789)
= Verbascum heterophyllum Moretti; Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. Dec. II. 5: 111 (1822)
= Verbascum laxiflorum C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 76 (1822)
= Verbascum lychnitis var. pulverulentum Moritzi; 114 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum phlomoides Thuill.; Fl. Par. ed. II. 109 (1799) non L.
= Verbascum pulvinatum Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 109 (1799)
species :
Verbascum pumiliforme Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7 4: 270 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum pumilum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 20 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum punalense Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 161 (1860) et ex Grossh., Act. Hort. Tiflis, Ser. II. 1: 20 (1920), descr. emend
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Iran (N-Iran)
32 TKM 33 NCS 34 IRN
species :
Verbascum purpureum (Janka) Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges. 87: 125 (1971): et in Bot.,Linn. Soc. 64(2): 232 (1971)
Distribution: SE-Romania; E-Bulgaria; European Turkey
13 BUL ROM TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia purpurea Janka; Termesz. Fuzetek 4: 296 (1880)
= Verbascum glanduligerum Velen.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 34: 424 (1884)
species :
Verbascum pycnostachyum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 11 (1853)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum lycium Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 89 (1885)
= Verbascum millelacuum Boiss.; Tchihat., Asie Min., Bot. 2: 3 (1860)
= Verbascum pilematophorum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 721 (1849)
species :
Verbascum pyramidatum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 161 (1808)
Name: Pyramiden-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
11 ger 14 RUS 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum anatolicum Sommier & Levier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 4: 201 (1897)
= Verbascum caucasicum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 48 (1823), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum pyroliforme (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 2: 469 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. pyroliforme
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia pyroliformis Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 28 (1853)
subspecies :
subsp. dudleyanum (Hub.-Mor.) Karavel. & Aytaç; Bot. Res. J. 1(1): 18 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia dudleyana Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 302 (1965)
= Verbascum dudleyanum (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
species :
Verbascum qulebicum Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London (Bot.) 24: 437 (1888)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum racemiferum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 332 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Verbascum reeseanum Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 182, t. 275 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum reiseri Halácsy; Verh. ZooL-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 132 (1898)
Distribution: SC-Greece (Vardhousia Ori)
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum renzii Hub.-Mor.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 175, t. 271 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum roripifolium (Halácsy) I.K.Ferguson; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 64: 230 (1971)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
Remarks: daenzeri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia roripifolia Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 404 (1890)
species :
Verbascum rotundifolium Ten.; Fl. Nap. 1, Prodr.: 66 (1811), et ex Murb., Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 397 (1933)
subspecies :
subsp. rotundifolium
Distribution: S-Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum kabylianum Debeaux; Rev. de Bot. 8: 265 (1890), et ex Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Alger. Dicot.627 (1889)
= Verbascum numidicum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 95 (1874)
= Verbascum rotundifolium var. castellorum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 438 (1938)
= Verbascum rotundifolium var. kabylianum (Debeaux) Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 83 (1927)
= Verbascum rotundifolium var. numidicum (Pomel) Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 83 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. haenseleri (Boiss.) Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskr. nov. ser. 29(2): 401 (1933)
Distribution: C- & SE-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum haenseleri Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 442 (1841)
= Verbascum haenseleri var. hieronymi Pau & Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1932: no. 8286 (1933), nom. nud.
= Verbascum latesulcatifolium Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 84 (1933)
= Verbascum rotundifolium subsp. castellanum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., n.s. 29: 402 (1933)
subspecies :
subsp. ripacurcicum O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 96 (1983)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum rotundifolium var. ripacurcicum (O.Bolòs & Vigo) Romo; Fl. Veg. Montsec (Pre-Pirineus Catalans): 256 (1989)
species :
Verbascum rubricaule Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 23 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum rupestre (Davidov) I.K.Ferguson; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 64: 230 (1971)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
Remarks: daenzeri agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia rupestris Davidov; Trav. Soc. Bulg. Sci. Nat. No. 8, 102 (1915)
species :
Verbascum rupicola (Hayek & Siehe) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 14 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia rupicola Hayek & Siehe; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 28: 175, t. 14, f. 1 (1914)
species :
Verbascum saccatum K.Koch; Linnaea 17: 283 (1843)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum molle K.Koch; Linnaea 17: 284 (1844)
= Verbascum stevenii Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 160 (1860), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum salgirensis Soldano; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 131(15): 254 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
14 KRY 33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum spectabile M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 158 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum spectabile var. cordatum Avé-Lall.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 11(Suppl.): 76 (1846)
= Verbascum spectabile var. heterophyllum Avé-Lall.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 11(Suppl.): 76 (1846)
= Verbascum spectabile var. isandrum Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36(1): 22 (1978)
species :
Verbascum salicifolium Zograf., Ioannidis, Liveri & Dimop.; Phytotaxa 552: 183 (2022)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum salviifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4-.55 (1844) et Fl. 4: 310 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum samniticum Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 219 (1824 publ. 1829)
Distribution: C-Italy; Croatia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB CRO GRC ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum phlomoides subsp. sartorii (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman
= Verbascum sartorii Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 38 (1846)
species :
Verbascum scabridum (Skan) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1) 15 (1973)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Remarks: only known from type collection
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia scabrida Skan; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Africa 4: II. 284 (1906)
species :
Verbascum scamandri Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 84, t. 2 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum scaposum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 26 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum schachdagense P.P.Gritz.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS 6: 340 (1968 publ. 1969)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia
33 ARM NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum sevanense P.P.Gritz.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 191 (1968) nom. illeg., non Verbascum x sevanense Hub.-Mor. (1965)
species :
Verbascum schimperianum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 11 (1853)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir)
34 JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia deserticola Vatke ex Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 92 (1925)
= Verbascum crispum Ehrenb. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 341 (1879)
= Verbascum deserticola (Vatke ex Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
species :
Verbascum scoparium Mozaff.; Iran. J. Bot. 4(1): 66 (1988)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum sedgwickianum (Schimp.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 15 (1973)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia sedgwickiana Schimp. ex Engl.; Abhandl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891. ii 376 (1892)
species :
Verbascum serpenticola (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 15 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia serpentinica Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 216, f. 14 (1949) (non V. serpentinicum Rech, f. (1957))
species :
Verbascum serratifolium (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 15 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia serratifolia Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 78, t. 34 (1955)
species :
Verbascum sessiliflorum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 69 (1933)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO
species :
Verbascum seydisehirense Tugay & Ulukug; Phytotaxa 450(2): 230 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey (Konya)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum shahsavarensis Sotoodeh, Attar & Civeyrel; Phytotaxa 203(1): 76 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum sheilae Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 324 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum shiqricum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 324 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum siculum Tod. ex Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 2(2): 116 (1907)
Distribution: SW-Italy; NW-Sicily
13 ITA SIC
species :
Verbascum simavicum Hub.-Mor.; Denkschr. Schweiz. Nat. Ges. 87: 41 (1971)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum simplex Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 1: 216 (1811) ex Murb., Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 113 (1933), descr. ampl.
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum dubium Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 330 (1819)
= Verbascum henriquesii var. compositum (Mariz) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 543 (1913)
= Verbascum henriquesii var. ramosum (Mariz) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 542 (1913)
= Verbascum henriquesii var. simplex (Hoffmanns. & Link) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 542 (1913)
= Verbascum linkianum Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 33 (1907)
= Verbascum linkianum var. compositum Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 34 (1907)
= Verbascum linkianum var. ramosum Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 34 (1907)
= Verbascum linkianum var. simplex (Hoffmanns. & Link) Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 33 (1907)
= Verbascum phlomoides proles macranthum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port.: 108 (1913)
= Verbascum simplex var. compositum (Mariz) Benedí & Molero; Bol. Soc. Brot. 59: 62 (1986)
= Verbascum simplex var. dyris Litard. & Maire ex Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 82 (1927)
= Verbascum simplex var. ramosum (Mariz) Cout.; Fl. Portugal 2: 643 (1939)
= Verbascum simplex var. valentinum (Burnat & Barbey) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. nov. Ser. 29(2): 115 (1933)
= Verbascum simplex var. warionis (Franch. ex Batt.) Murb.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 18: 82 (1927)
= Verbascum thapsiforme var. curtum Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 129 (1906)
= Verbascum thapsus var. valentinum (Burnat & Barbey) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 14: 96 (1983)
= Verbascum valentinum Burnat & Barbey; Voy. Bot. Baleares: 50 (1882)
= Verbascum warionis Franch. ex Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 627 (1890)
species :
Verbascum sinaiticum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 236 (1846)
Distribution: Niger (Air Mts.); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Iran; Afghanistan; Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Hejaz); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen); Pakistan
22 NGR 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN 34 AFG IRN ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum barradense Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 318 (1879)
= Verbascum fasciculatum Ehrenb. ex Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 381 (1830)
= Verbascum nubicum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 293 (1933)
= Verbascum somaliense Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 222 (1895)
= Verbascum ternacha Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 108 (1850)
species :
Verbascum sinuatum L.; Sp. Pl. 178 (1753)
Name: Gewellte Königskerze (DE); Wavyleaf Mullein (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); USA [I] (Maryland [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI PEL PTL SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 33 ARM GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia sinuata (L.) Colla; Hortus Ripul., App. 2: 344 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Lychnitis sinuata (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Thapsus sinuatum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum arnaizii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 238 (1936)
= Verbascum ceccarinianum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 322 (1879)
= Verbascum graecum Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 161 (1808), pro syn.
= Verbascum gussonei Tineo; Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 797 (1845)
= Verbascum rotundatum Jahand. & Maire; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc, No. 4: 93 (1923), et in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 16: 73, descr. (1925)
= Verbascum saltense Post; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 27 (1893)
= Verbascum scabrum C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. (C. Presl) 1: 35 (1826)
= Verbascum sinuatum f. albiflorum Greuter, Matthäs & Risse; Willdenowia 14(2): 291 (1984 publ. 1985)
= Verbascum sinuatum var. arnaizii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 238 (1936)
= Verbascum sinuatum var. pallidiflorum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 3: 34 (1889), nom. nud.
= Verbascum sinuatum var. subalatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 12 (1909)
= Verbascum sinuatum var. subulatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 12 (1909)
= Verbascum tetuanensis Pau; Cavanillesia 1: 143 (1928)
= Verbascum undulatum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 161 (1808), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. adenosepalum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. nov. Ser. 29(2): 371 (1933)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iraq; Afghanistan (Badghys)
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 AFG IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum adenosepalum (Murb.) Karjagin; Fl. Azerbaidzhana 7: 424 (1957)
species :
Verbascum smyrnaeum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 4: 61 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum songaricum Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 26 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. songaricum
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); NE-Iraq; Iran (N-Iran, EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); China (Xinjiang); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum daenense Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 7: 38 (1846)
= Verbascum ibericum Schmalh.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 10: 290 (1892)
= Verbascum khorassanicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 319 (1879)
= Verbascum medum Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 23 (1885)
= Verbascum polystachyum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 716 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. subdecurrens Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 53 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum sorgerae (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 15 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia sorgerae Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 324 (1967)
species :
Verbascum spathulisepalum Greuter & Rech.f.; Bot. Notiser. 125(4): 493 (1972)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Verbascum speciosum Schrad.; Hort. Götting. 22 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. speciosum
Name: Showy mullein (EN), Pracht-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; ?Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Channel Isl. [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Ukraine; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); USA [I] (California [I], Illinois [I])
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO 12 cis 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 UKR 33 ARM GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR 74 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum coeruleum Schanz; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1822: ? (1822)
= Verbascum hyoseridifolium Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 825 (1879), orth. var.
= Verbascum hyoserifolium Schrad.; Monog. Verb. 2: 31. t. 3, f. 1 (1823)
= Verbascum integrifolium Rochel; Pl. Banat. Rar. 57, in textu (1828)
= Verbascum longifolium DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 414 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum mixtum E.Thomas; Cat. Pl. Suisses: 31 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum neilreichii Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 484 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum spectabile Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 104 (1796), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. megaphlomos (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman; Consp. 529 (1881)
Distribution: C- & S-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum megaphlomos Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 144 (1856)
species :
Verbascum sphenandroides K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 731 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum spinosum L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 10 (1756)
Name: Dornige Königskerze (DE), Spiny Mullein (EN)
Distribution: W-Crete
13 KRI
species :
Verbascum splendidum Boiss.; Diagn. ser, 1 4: 53 (1844)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum spodiotrichum (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 15 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia spodiotricha Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 62, t. 19 (1955)
species :
Verbascum stachydifolium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 25 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. adspersum (Freyn & Sint.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 467 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum adspersum Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 296 (1894)
species :
Verbascum stachydiforme Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Nat. Moscou 12: 159 (1860)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Iran (N-Iran)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum aspinum Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 217 (1948)
= Verbascum talyschense Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 160 (1860)
species :
Verbascum stelurum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 243 (1933)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Verbascum stenocarpum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 18 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum stenostachyum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 75 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum stepporum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 346, t.25 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum straussii (Bornm.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 15 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia straussii Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 22 2: 105 (1907)
species :
Verbascum strictum E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 2: 262 (1812)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status doubtful
species :
Verbascum sublobatum Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 308, t. 15, f. 14 (1933)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum subnivale Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 305 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum subserratum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1 : 347, t. 26 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum sudanicum (Murb.) Hepper; Kew Bull. 38(4): 598 (1984)
Distribution: Sudan
24 SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia sudanica (Murb.) Wickens; Kew Bull. 24: 352 (1970), cum descr. ampl.
= Celsia interrupta var. sudanica Murb.
species :
Verbascum suworowianum (K.Koch) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia suworowiana K.Koch; Linnaea 17: 284 (1844)
= Celsia collina Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 247 (1846)
variant :
var. acuminatum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Iranica 147: 14 (1981)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia suworowiana var. acuminata Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 120 (1925)
variant :
var. papillosum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 6: 486 (1978)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia suworowiana var. papillosum Murb.; Monogr. Celsia: 120 (1925)
variant :
var. pseudopersicum (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Fl. Iranica 147: 15 (1981)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia suworowiana var. pseudopersica Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 22(1): 120 (1925)
species :
Verbascum symes Murb- & Rech.f.; Nachtr. Monogr. Verbasc., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 32: 37, t. 7 (1936)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum syriacum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 6, t. 1, f. 1 (1823)
Name: Syrische Königskerze (DE); Syrian Mullein (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum szovitsianum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 333 (1879)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
variant :
var. adenothyrsum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 456 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
species :
Verbascum tabukum Hemaid; Pakistan J. Bot. 33(4): 327 (2001)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Verbascum tauri Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 3: 145 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum tenue Murb.; Nachtr. Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 32: 41, t. 8 (1936)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum tenuicaule (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 15 (1973)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia tenuicaulis Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 125 (1925)
species :
Verbascum tetrandrum Barratte & Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n. s. Afd. 2 2: No. 1, 62 (1905)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Verbascum thapsus L.; Sp. Pl. 177 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. thapsus
Name: Kleinblütige Königskerze (DE), Common mullein (EN); Bullon (Cuba), Boraja, Borraja, Molene (Dominican Republic), Bonhomme, Bouillon blanc, Boullon blanc, Cierge Notre-Dame (Haiti)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); La Réunion [I]; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); China [I] (Jiangsu [I], Sichuan [I], Xinjiang [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I]); Tibet [I]; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Dir, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); Sri Lanka [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (E-Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Bermuda [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 21 cny mdr 29 reu 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 chi tib 37 MON 38 jap kor 40 BHU IND NEP PAK srl 50 aus nfk 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 ber cub gdl his jam 85 arg cle jnf
Remarks: thapsus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiosandra cuspidata Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Thapsus linnaei (Opiz) Opiz; Seznam: 95 (1852)
= Thapsus schraderi (G.Mey.) Opiz; Seznam: 96 (1852)
= Verbascum alatum Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 259 (1779)
= Verbascum angustius Schrank; D. H. Hoppe, Bot. Taschenb., ed. 1809: 90 (1809)
= Verbascum bicolle Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 325 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum bracteatum J. Kickx f. ex Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 38 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum canescens Jord. ex Boreau; Fl. Centre France, éd. 3 2: 470 (1857)
= Verbascum decurrens Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 378 (1812)
= Verbascum elongatum Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 223 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum indicum Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2: 236 (1824)
= Verbascum intermedium Léman ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 326 (1819), nom. inval.
= Verbascum kickxianum Dumort.; Fl. Belg. Prod. 38 (1827)
= Verbascum lanatum Gilib.; Fl. Lituan. 1: 40 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Verbascum linnaei Opiz; Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. [Berchtold & al.] 2(2): 366, 371 (1841), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Verbascum lychnitis Schultz; Prod. Fl. Starg. Suppl. 1: 14 (1819) non L. 1753
= Verbascum majus Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 332 (1897)
= Verbascum mas Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. I. 613 a (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 356 (1767), Thell. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 8: 908
= Verbascum neglectum Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr., Suppl.: 59 (1832)
= Verbascum officinarum Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 2: 323 (1766)
= Verbascum pallidum Nees; Flora 2: 296 (1819)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 125 (1866), nom. superfl.
= Verbascum plantagineum Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 33 (1827)
= Verbascum salisburgense Fritsch; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38(Sitzb.): 23 (1888)
= Verbascum schraderi G.Mey.; Chlor. Hannov. 326 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum schraderi var. album M.Loehr; 476 (1852)
= Verbascum schraderi var. angustifolium M.Loehr; 476 (1852)
= Verbascum schraderi var. pallidum (Nees) M.Loehr; 476 (1852)
= Verbascum seminigrum Fr.; Novit. Fl. Svec.: 68 (1819)
= Verbascum simplex subsp. valentinum (Burnat & Barbey) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 84 (1969)
= Verbascum subalpinum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 481 (1866)
= Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 144 (1834)
= Verbascum thapsus f. candicans House; Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 615 (1924)
= Verbascum thapsus f. elongatum (Willd.) Hayek; Hayek & Hegi, 16 (1913)
= Verbascum thapsus f. pallidum (Nees) C.W.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 201 (1922)
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. langei Rivas Mart.; Itinera Geobot. 15: 709 (2002), without type.
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. neglectum (Guss.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 503 (1882)
= Verbascum thapsus var. albiflora S.K.Agarwal; Fl. Jaunsar Bawar: 572 (2017), nom. inval.
= Verbascum thapsus var. australe Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 192 (1868)
= Verbascum thapsus var. boreale Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 192 (1868)
= Verbascum thapsus var. bracteatum (C.Agardh) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 65 (1832)
= Verbascum thapsus var. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Moritzi; 114 (1832)
= Verbascum thapsus var. elongatum Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 7 (1818)
= Verbascum thapsus var. glabrum St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 595 (1889)
= Verbascum thapsus var. gymnostemon Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 6 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum thapsus var. intermedium Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 192 (1868)
= Verbascum thapsus var. leiostemmum Dierb.; 101 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsus var. leucanthum Dierb.; 101 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsus var. pseudothapsiforme (Rapin) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 6 (1909)
= Verbascum thapsus var. subapterum Dierb.; 101 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsus var. sylvaticum Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 661 (1827)
= Verbascum thapsus var. sylvaticum Schultz; 13 (1819)
= Verbascum thapsus var. thapsoides (Schrank) Rchb.; XXXVII (1833)
subspecies :
subsp. montanum (Schrad.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 228 (1894)
Name: Berg-Königskerze (DE)
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria; Italy; Azores (Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); etc.
11 AUT SWI 13 ITA 21 AZO
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiosandra crassifolia (DC.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1838)
= Thapsus montanum (Schrad.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1836)
= Verbascum compactum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 384 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum crassifolium DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 601 (1805)
= Verbascum grandiflorum Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 715 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum montanum Schrad.; Hort. Gott.: 18 (1809)
= Verbascum thapsoides Balb. ex Bluff & Fingerh.; Comp. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 2: 282 (1825) non L. 1767
= Verbascum thapsus Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 270 (1804) non L. 1753
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. crassifolium (DC.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 126 (1933)
= Verbascum thapsus subsp. semidecurrens Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 314 (1871)
= Verbascum thapsus var. montanum (Schrad.) St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 595 (1889)
= Verbascum thapsus var. semidecurrens (Celak.) Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 61 (1883)
species :
Verbascum tiberiadis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 26 (1853) et Fl. 4: 341 (1879)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum tibesticum (Quézel) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 15 (1973)
Distribution: N-Chad (Tibesti)
24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia tibestica Quézel; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 48: 95 (1957)
species :
Verbascum tossiense Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 263 (1894)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum transcaucasicum E.Wulff; Izv. Kavkazsk. Muz. 11: 69 (1917)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum transjordanicum Murb.; Weitere Stud. Verb. Celsia, Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 35: 54 (1939)
Distribution: Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 JOR
species :
Verbascum transolympicum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7: 78 (1981)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum trapifolium (Stapf) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 16 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia trapifolia Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 88 (1885)
variant :
var. flabellifolium (Hub.-Mor.) Karavel. & Aytaç; Bot. Res. J. 1(1): 17 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia flabellifolia Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 303, t. 9a (1965)
= Verbascum flabellifolium (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5: 12 (1973)
species :
Verbascum trichostylum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 348, t. 27 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum tripolitanum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 9 (1853)
Distribution: Libya; Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
20 LBY 34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
species :
Verbascum tropidocarpum Murb.; Monogr. Verb., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 394, t. 22 (1933)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Verbascum tuna-ekimii Karavel., A.Duran & Hamzaoglu; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 41(3): 229 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum turcicum Bani, Adigüzel & Karavel.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47(6): 490 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum turcomanicum Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 353 (1933)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Verbascum turkestanicum Franch.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. VI. 18: 221 (1884)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
species :
Verbascum tzar-borisii (Davidov ex Stoj.) Stef.-Gat.; Fl. Republ. Bulgariya 10: 50 (1995)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum humile subsp. tzar-borisii Davidov ex Stoj.; Izv. Tsarsk. Prir. Inst. Sofiya 1: 144 (1928)
species :
Verbascum undulatum Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 4: 221 (1797).
Distribution: Croatia; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Ukraine
13 ALB CRO GRC 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Lasiake plicatum (Sm.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 89 (1838)
= Verbascum calaurium Heldr. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 313 (1879)
= Verbascum plicatum Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 150 (1806)
= Verbascum rigidum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 143 (1856)
= Verbascum undulatum var. integrifolium Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 48 (1844)
species :
Verbascum urceolatum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 55, t. 17a (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum urobracteum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 76, t. 33 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum urumiense Sotoodeh; Phytotaxa 538: 38 (2022)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Verbascum urumoffii Stoj. & Acht.; N. A. Stojanov & B. Stefanoff, Fl. Bulg., ed. 2: 911 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Verbascum uschakense (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 77 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum pycnostachyum var. uschakense Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 32(1): 32 (1936)
species :
Verbascum vacillans Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 215, t. 4 (1933)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Verbascum vandasii (Rohlena) Rohlena; Acta Bot. Bohem. 3: 44 (1924)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; NE-Albania; SW-Romania
13 ALB KOS ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum heuffelii Neilr.; Aufz. Ung. Slav. Gefaesspfl. Nachtr. 53 (1870)
= Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. vandasii Rohlena; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 34 (1921)
species :
Verbascum vanense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 56, t. 17b (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum varians Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 44 (1896)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum varians var. leptosepalum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 387 (1933)
= Verbascum varians var. pilosior Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 44 (1896)
variant :
var. flexuosum (Wulf) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 387 (1933)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum flexuosum E.Wulf; Bull. Mus. Caucasus, Tiflis 11: 66 (1917)
variant :
var. stepporum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 58 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. trapezunticum Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., 2 29(2): 388 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum virgatum Stokes; With., Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 2, 1: 227 (1787)
Name: Ruten-Königskerze (DE); Wand mullein (EN); Gordoloba de vara (ES)
Distribution: England; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma); South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; St. Helena [I]; Oman [I] (S-Oman [I]); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Louisiana [I], North Carolina [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I]); Mexico [I]; Jamaica [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Tristan da Cunha [I]
10 GRB 11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SPA 13 ITA 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 les saf 28 sth 35 oma 40 ind 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 nwc 61 eas 63 haw 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 81 jam 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf par uru 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Blattaria virgata (Stokes) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 125 (1869)
= Celsia viscosa Wight ex Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 229 (1846)
= Verbascum annuum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 11 (1768)
= Verbascum blattaria subsp. blattarioides (Lam.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 228 (1894)
= Verbascum blattaria subsp. virgatum (Stokes) Hook.f.; 261 (1870)
= Verbascum blattaria var. glabrum Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 7 (1818)
= Verbascum blattarioides Lam.; Encyc. 4: 225 (1797)
= Verbascum blattarioides var. crenatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 11 (1909)
= Verbascum blattarioides var. lusitanicum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 45, 47 (1823)
= Verbascum blattarioides var. sublobatum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 11 (1909)
= Verbascum celsiae Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 444 (1841)
= Verbascum crystallostemon Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 45 (1823)
= Verbascum glabrum Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 225 (1809)
= Verbascum glandulosum Thore ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 4: 349 (1819), pro syn.
= Verbascum grandiflorum Schrad.; Hort. Gott.: 19 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum laevigatum Schrad.; Monogr. Verbasci 2: 45 (1823)
= Verbascum lanceolatum Kit.; Linnaea 32: 442 (1864)
= Verbascum virgatum subsp. dertosense Benedí & Rovira; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 44: 391 (1987)
= Verbascum virgatum subsp. lusitanicum (Schrad.) Rivas Goday; Veg. Fl. Guadiana: 752 (1964), nom. inval.
= Verbascum virgatum var. grandiflorum Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1866: 95 (1867)
= Verbascum virgatum var. lanceolatum Mariz; Bol. Soc. Brot. 23: 42 (1907)
= Verbascum viscidulum Pers.; Syn. 1: 215 (1805)
species :
Verbascum vulcanicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 12: 6 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. viridans Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 349 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum wiedemannianum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 4: 51 (1837)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum insigne Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 129 (1859)
species :
Verbascum wilhelmsianum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 724 (1849)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Verbascum wraberi Micevski & Matevski; Godisen Zborn., Biol. 53-54: 45 (2000-2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum xanthophoeniceum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 42 (1844)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 BUL GRC TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum blattarioides Wahlenb. ex Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 43 (1844), nom. inval.
= Verbascum xanthophoeniceum var. albiflorum Voliotis; Bot. Chron. 8: 36 (1988)
species :
Verbascum yemense Deflers; Voy. Yemen 177 (1889)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
species :
Verbascum yurtkuranianum Kaynak, Daskin & Yilmaz; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 43(6): 457 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum zaianense (Murb.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 16 (1973)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia zaianensis Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 22: No. 1, 218 (1925)
species :
Verbascum zerdust Firat; Nordic J. Bot. 2022(8)-e03649: 2 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ×abandense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 10 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum bithynicum Boiss. x V. speciosum Schrad.
species :
Verbascum ×akhalkalakiense Bordz.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Kieff, xii-xiii. 135 (1931)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Verbascum ×amaliense Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 149 (1938)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Verbascum lasianthum Boiss. x V. vacillans Murb.
species :
Verbascum ×ambigens Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 5: 72 (1887)
Distribution: SE-Europe; etc.
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×ambiguum Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 229 (1825)
Distribution: Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen, Thüringen); France; etc.
11 BGM GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. nigrum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum nigrum var. bracteatum Wahlenb.; Fl. Suecica 1: 140 (1824)
= Verbascum phlomoides var. adulterinum (W.D.J.Koch) Alef.; 125 (1866)
= Verbascum phlomoides-nigrum Jess.; 103 (1879)
= Verbascum thapsus var. thapsonigrum Moritzi; 114 (1832)
= Verbascum ×adulterinum W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 512 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum ×kochianum Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 320 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum ×pseudophlomoides Hampe; 17 (1836)
species :
Verbascum ×ambracicum Halácsy; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 61: 317 (1891)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum guicciardii x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×angulosum Teyber; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 51: 786 (1901)
Distribution: Austria; Hungary; Romania
11 AUT HUN 13 ROM
Remarks: Verbascum nigrum x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×arabkirense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 26 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×araratense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 346 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum speciosum x V. varians
species :
Verbascum ×arctotrichum Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 32: 38 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Verbascum decorum x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×arenicola Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 342 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum gnaphalodes x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×arpaczajicum Bordz.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Kieff, xiixiii. 132 (1931)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Transcaucasus; Turkey (E-Anatolia)
33 ARM NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum georgicum x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×atchleyianum Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 53 (1960)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Verbascum sinuatum x V. spinosum
species :
Verbascum ×austroanatolicum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 74 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum sinuatum x V. symes
species :
Verbascum ×balikesirense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 305 (1965)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum lasianthum Boiss. x V. lydium Boiss. var. heterandrum Murb.
species :
Verbascum ×bastardii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 4: 335 (1819)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Sachsen, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. densiflorum
Synonyms: hidden
= Blattaria bastardii (Roem. & Schult.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s. 17: 125 (1869)
= Verbascum blattarioides var. ramosissimum Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire, Suppl.: 42 (1812)
= Verbascum ×bastardii subsp. pilosum (Döll) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 346 (1928)
= Verbascum ×bastardii var. racemosum Borbás; Békésvármegye Fl.: 80 (1881)
= Verbascum ×corbierei Touss. & Hoschede; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Rouen, sér. 7-8, 70-71: 293 (1934-1935 publ. 1936)
= Verbascum ×doellianum M.Loehr; 481 (1852)
= Verbascum ×pilosum Döll; Flora 32: 465 (1849)
= Verbascum ×ramosissimum (Bastard) DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 416 (1815), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum ×baumgartnerianum Rech.f.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 33: 35 (1934)
Distribution: Croatia (Dalmatia)
13 CRO
species :
Verbascum ×biebersteinii Besser; Ind. Sem. Hort. Crem. (1821), et in Enum. Pl. Volh. 53
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; European Russia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO 14 RUS
Remarks: Verbascum lychnitis x nigrum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum decurrens var. nigrolychnitis Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 327 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Verbascum nigrum var. hybridum Lej.; Fl. Spa 2: 299 (1813)
= Verbascum nigrum var. mixtum Moritzi; 114 (1832)
= Verbascum nigrum var. nigrolychnitis Bab.; 212 (1843)
= Verbascum nigrum var. nigrolychnitis Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 87 (1812)
= Verbascum nigrum var. ovatum W.D.J.Koch; 514 (1837)
= Verbascum ×guttinianum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 30 (1909)
= Verbascum ×hybridum (Lej.) Lej. & Courtois; 190 (1828), nom. inval.
= Verbascum ×incanum Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 121 (1828)
= Verbascum ×infidum Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(2): 1037 (1893)
= Verbascum ×leucerion Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(2): 1034 (1893)
= Verbascum ×praesigne Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(2): 1037 (1893)
= Verbascum ×schiedeanum W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 592 (1844)
species :
Verbascum ×binbogense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 7 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum asperuloides x V. subnivale
species :
Verbascum ×bitlisianum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 9 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum longipedicellatum x V. oreophilum
species :
Verbascum ×borbasianum Soó; Bot. Kozl. 32: 230 (1935)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
species :
Verbascum ×brockmuelleri Ruhmer; Eichler, Jahrb. Berl. 248 (1881)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO
Remarks: Verbascum nigrum x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×longicrure Borbás; Balaton Tavának Növényföldr.: 375 (1900)
= Verbascum ×rodnense Borza; Stud. Cercet. Biol. (Bucharest), Ser. Biol. Veg. 7(1-4): 18 (1956)
= Verbascum ×sublyratum Borbás; Természetrajzi Füz. 9: 278 (1885)
species :
Verbascum ×bulanikense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 30 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum insulare x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×burdurense Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 205 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cheiranthifolium x V. pycnostachyum
species :
Verbascum ×calcicolum Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 335 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum andrusii x V. kotschyi
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×kotschyoides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 335 (1960)
species :
Verbascum ×candelabrum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 717 (1842)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Remarks: Verbascum phoeniceum x V. songaricum
species :
Verbascum ×carinthiacum Fritsch; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien (1889) Sitzb. 71, in Bot. Centralbl. 41: 82 (1890), Pacher, Nachtr. Fl. Kärnt. 119 (1894)
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; etc.
11 AUT SLO
Remarks: Verbascum chaixii ssp. austriacum x V. densiflorum
species :
Verbascum ×cephalariense Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 50 (1960)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum macrurum x V samniticum
species :
Verbascum ×cernyi Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 6, 6 (1920 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
species :
Verbascum ×chium Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 148 (1938)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios)
34 EAI
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. lasianthum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×sepulcrale Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 25 (1955)
species :
Verbascum ×chrysopolitanum Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 44 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum ×clinantherum Bordz.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, n.s. 5: 45 (1928-1930 publ. 1931)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
33 NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum georgicum x V. hajastanicum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum alagezicum Bordz.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, 1928-30, n. s. Pt. 5, 46 (1931)
species :
Verbascum ×coenobitanum Hausskn. & Heldr.; Mitt. Bot. Ver. Jena 5: 72 (1886)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. samniticum
species :
Verbascum ×congestum Huter; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 57: 198 (1907)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Verbascum lychnitis x V. macrurum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×pejovicii Rohlena; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1920(6): 6 (1922)
species :
Verbascum ×coum Rech.f.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ges. 2: 50 (1960)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Verbascum mykales x V. pycnostachyum
species :
Verbascum ×crenulatum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 211 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum latisepalum x V. pycnostachyum
species :
Verbascum ×danubiale Simonk.; Termesz. Fuzetek 2: 36 (1878)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; etc.
11 CZE HUN SLO
Remarks: Verbascum chaixii ssp. austriacum x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×breyninum Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(2): 1033 (1893)
species :
Verbascum ×decalvans Borbás; Termesz. Fuzetek 9: 278 (1885)
Distribution: Romania; etc.
13 ROM
Remarks: Verbascum nigrum x V. glabratum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×decalvans subsp. lotrulense Sutorý; Bocconea 5: 645 (1997)
species :
Verbascum ×degenianum Soó; Bot. Kozl. 32: 230 (1935)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: Verbascum phlomoides x V. vandasii
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×orsovaense Boros; Bot. Közlem. 44: 19 (1948), nom. superfl.
species :
Verbascum ×denudatum Pfund; Monog. Verb. Prod. 51 (1840)
Distribution: Germany (Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen, Thüringen); Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO
Remarks: Verbascum lychnitis x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×bischoffii G.Koch; Pollichia 1849: 23 (1849)
= Verbascum ×bohemicum Borbás; Természetrajzi Füz. 9: 276 (1885)
= Verbascum ×ramigerum subsp. denudatum (Pfund) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 338 (1928)
= Verbascum ×reissekii A.Kern. ex Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 195 (1868)
= Verbascum ×speciosum Opiz; Seznam: 102 (1852), nom. illeg.
species :
Verbascum ×derekolense Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 43 (1960)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. niveum ssp. pannosiforme
species :
Verbascum ×dervichorum Hausskn. & Heldr.; Mitt. Bot. Ver. Jena 5: 72 (1886)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum haussknechtii x V. undulatum
species :
Verbascum ×digitalifolium Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 4: 342 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum kotschyi x V. laetum
species :
Verbascum ×diphyon Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 193 (1868)
Distribution: France; Turkey; etc.
12 FRA 34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. sinuatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×debeauxii Gaut.; Cat. Rais. Fl. Pyr.-Or.: 320 (1898) ex Rouy
= Verbascum ×edirnense Dane & G.Yilmaz; Phytol. Balcan. 15: 181 (2009)
species :
Verbascum ×dirmilense Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 213 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. reeseanum
species :
Verbascum ×dirupatae Huter; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 57: 198 (1907)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Verbascum macrurum x V. thapsus
species :
Verbascum ×divaricatum Kitt.; Taschenb. ed. II. 352 (1843)
Distribution: Germany (Schleswig-Holstein); Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. phoeniceum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×pseudophoeniceum Reichardt; Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 403 (1861)
species :
Verbascum ×dobrogense Prodan; Bul. Sti. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne, Sect. Biol. Sti. Agric. Ser. Bot. 9: 323 (1957)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×porcii Prodan; Bul. Sti. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne, Sect. Biol. Sti. Agric. Ser. Bot. 9: 323 (1957)
species :
Verbascum ×doiranense Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 137 (1922)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum macrurum x V. undulatum
species :
Verbascum ×dollinerianum M.Loehr; 480 (1852)
Distribution: Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
11 GER
Remarks: Verbascum chaixii ssp. austriacum x V. nigrum
species :
Verbascum ×dominii Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 6, 6 (1920 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: Verbascum nigrum ssp. abietinum x V. vandasii
species :
Verbascum ×dramense Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 48 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum leucophyllum x V. nobile
species :
Verbascum ×duernsteinense Teyber; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 63: 488 (1913 publ. 1914)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: Verbascum speciosum x V. thapsus
species :
Verbascum ×dupnicense Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 32: 39 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Verbascum niveum x V. phlomoides
species :
Verbascum ×edessanum Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 48 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum graecum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×edremiticum Sutorý; Bocconea 13: 457 (2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum gnaphalodes x V. parviflorum
species :
Verbascum ×eginense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 25 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. leiocarpum
species :
Verbascum ×elasigense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 33 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum diversifolium x V. lasianthum
species :
Verbascum ×ermenkense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7: 79 (1981)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. leuconeurum
species :
Verbascum ×erraticum Hausskn.; Mitt. Bot. Ver. Jena 5: 72 (1886)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum sinuatum x V. undulatum
species :
Verbascum ×ersin-yucelii Karavel.; Biol. Diversity Conservation 8(1): 81 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum caudatum x V. heteroharbatum
species :
Verbascum ×erzindschanense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 344 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum heterodontum x V. mucronatum
species :
Verbascum ×euphraticum Benth. ex Murb.; Monogr. Verbas., Lunds Univ. Arsskr. n.f. 29: 550 (1933)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum halepense x V. diversifolium
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum euphraticum Benth.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 10: 241 (1846)
species :
Verbascum ×fallax Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 264 (1894)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. speciosum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×splendidoides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 67 (1955)
species :
Verbascum ×festii Hayek; Fl. Steiermark 2: 120 (1911)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: Verbascum lanatum x V. nigrum
species :
Verbascum ×florinense Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 47 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum glandulosum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×fluminense A.Kern. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I. 230 (1889)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Verbascum chaixii x V. pulverulentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×camberiense Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 28 (1909)
species :
Verbascum ×fragriforme Pfund; Monogr. Verbasci Prodr.: 49 (1840)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg); Czech Republic; Slovakia; Croatia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO 13 CRO
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum phlomoides-blattaria Jess.; 103 (1879)
species :
Verbascum ×freynianum Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 26: 88 (1876)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 AUT CZE SLO
Remarks: Verbascum chaixii x V. thapsus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×hayekii Chenevard; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 7: 320 (1907)
= Verbascum ×juratzkae Dichtl; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 2: 134 (1884)
= Verbascum ×juratzkae Rech.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 338, Pacher, Nachtr. Fl. Kartn. 120 (1894 publ. 1891)
species :
Verbascum ×fridae Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 32: 38 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Verbascum dieckianum x V. phlomoides
species :
Verbascum ×gabrielianae (Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia. 5(1): 13 (1973)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: Verbascum suworowianum x V. szovitsianum var. adenothyrsum
Synonyms: hidden
= xCelsioverbascum gabrielianae Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 304 (1965)
species :
Verbascum ×geminatum Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 26: 370 (1876)
Distribution: Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. sinuatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×barrandonii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 25 (1909)
= Verbascum ×sinuatoblattaria Godr. & Gren.; Fl. France Corse 2: 559 (1850), nom. inval.
species :
Verbascum ×gintlii Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 6, 6 (1920 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: Verbascum macrurum x V. pulverulentum
species :
Verbascum ×giresunense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 22 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum eriorrhabdon x V. pyramidatum
species :
Verbascum ×godronii Boreau; Fl. Centr. Fr. ed. III. 2: 472 (1857)
Distribution: England; Switzerland; Austria; Hungary; Spain; France; etc.
10 GRB 11 AUT HUN SWI 12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Verbascum pulverulentum x V. thapsus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×godronii subsp. lamottei (Franch.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 339 (1928)
= Verbascum ×godronii var. concolor Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 122 (1868)
= Verbascum ×godronii var. discolor Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 122, 195 (1868)
= Verbascum ×godronii var. lamottei (Franch.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 21 (1909)
= Verbascum ×lamottei Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 124 (1868)
= Verbascum ×lamottei var. concolor Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 125 (1868)
= Verbascum ×lamottei var. discolor Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 125, 195 (1868)
species :
Verbascum ×goeldschuekense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 6 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum apiculatum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×guelnarense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 20 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cucullatibracteum x V. pseudoholotrichum
species :
Verbascum ×hatayense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 4 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum antiochium x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×haynaldianum Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 25: 213 (1875)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Verbascum glabratum x V. phoeniceum
Synonyms: hidden
= Celsia chrysurus Fenzl ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 359 (1879)
species :
Verbascum ×horakii Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 6, 6 (1920 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: Verbascum longifolium x V. nigrum ssp. abietinum
species :
Verbascum ×horticola Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 305 (1965)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: Verbascum georgicum x V. laxum
species :
Verbascum ×humnickii Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 110 (1868)
Distribution: Germany; Czech Republic; France; etc.
11 CZE GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. thapsus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×germanum Franch.; Fl. Loir-et-Cher: 409 (1885)
= Verbascum ×humnickii subsp. germanum (Franch.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 336 (1928)
= Verbascum ×silesiacum Schube; Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 90(2): 101 (1912)
species :
Verbascum ×hybridum Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 170 (1804)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Verbascum pulverulentum x V. sinuatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum sinuatum nothof. albistamineum P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 24: 196 (1926)
species :
Verbascum ×ignescens Tausch; Hort. Canal. 2: t. 15 (1825)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE SLO
Remarks: Verbascum lychnitis x V. phoeniceum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×claudiopolitanum Simonk.; Magyar Növényt. Lapok 2: 150 (1878)
= Verbascum ×schmidii A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 13: 296 (1863)
species :
Verbascum ×ilgazdagense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 340 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum eriocarpum x V. pyramidatum
species :
Verbascum ×inegoelense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 64 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum bombyciferum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×inexspectatum Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 149 (1938)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Verbascum mucronatum x V. vacillans
species :
Verbascum ×innominatum Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 50 (1960)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum macrurum x V. sinuatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum australe Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 1: 262 (1842), non Schrad.
species :
Verbascum ×insignitum Beck; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 2: II. (1893) 1037
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
Remarks: Verbascum phoeniceum x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×interjectum Pfund; Monogr. Verbasci Prodr.: 49 (1840)
Distribution: Sweden; Germany (Bayern, Sachsen); Czech Republic; France; etc.
10 SWE 11 CZE GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×rostafinskii Zalewski; Kosmos (Lvov) 5/6: 13 (1896)
= Verbascum ×trolanderi Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 10 (1963)
species :
Verbascum ×intermedium Rupr. ex Pfund; Monog. Verb. Prod. 23, 54 (1840)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Rheinland-Pfalz); Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 CZE GER SLO
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. nigrum
species :
Verbascum ×inulifolioides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 27 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomerulosum x V. inulifolium
species :
Verbascum ×isfendiyarense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 345 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum pseudovarians x V. speciosum
species :
Verbascum ×iskenderunense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7: 180 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum amanum x V. caesareum
species :
Verbascum ×ispartense Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 190 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum pycnostachyum x V. salviifolium
species :
Verbascum ×johannis-zernyi Murb.; Magyar Bot. Lap. 32: 39 (1933)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Verbascum phlomoides x V. purpureum
species :
Verbascum ×kalabakense Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 43 (1960)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. glandulosum
species :
Verbascum ×karaboertlenense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 72 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum parviflorum x V. symes
species :
Verbascum ×karadagense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 16 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cheiranthifolium x V. varians
species :
Verbascum ×karlikdaghense Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 43 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Verbascum ×karpatii Boros; Bot. Kozl. 35: 317 (1938)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Remarks: Verbascum banaticum x V. lychnitis
species :
Verbascum ×kavallense Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 47 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum halacsyanum x V. leucophyllum
species :
Verbascum ×kavinae Rohlena; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 6, 6 (1920 publ. 1922)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: Verbascum durmitoreum x V. nicolai
species :
Verbascum ×kayseriense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 12 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cappadocicum x V. lasianthum
species :
Verbascum ×keklikolukense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 16 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cheiranthifolium x V. splendidum
species :
Verbascum ×kemerense Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 92 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cheiranthifolium x V. orgyale
species :
Verbascum ×kerneri Borbás; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 251 (1888)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; European Turkey; USA [I] (Iowa [I], Michigan [I], Wisconsin [I]); etc.
11 CZE SLO 13 TUE 74 usa 75 usa
Remarks: Verbascum phlomoides x V. thapsus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×juranyii Borbás; Természettud. Közl. 8: 36 (1876)
= Verbascum ×liburnicum Borbás; Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 4: 1059 (1877)
species :
Verbascum ×korphiaticum Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 53 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. undulatum
species :
Verbascum ×kozaniense Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 45 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum eriophorum x V. graecum
species :
Verbascum ×krokeense Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 53 (1960)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum samniticum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×kubedagense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 16 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum cheiranthifolium var. cataonicum x V. songaricum ssp. subdecurrens
species :
Verbascum ×kuetahyense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 68 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. stenostachyum
species :
Verbascum ×laramberguei Rouy; Fl. France 11: 17 (1909)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum boerhavii x V. thapsus
species :
Verbascum ×lasianthiforme Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 344 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum lasianthum x V. pycnostachyum
species :
Verbascum ×leilense Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 50 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. longifolium
species :
Verbascum ×lemaitrei Boreau; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 13 (1868)
Distribution: England; France
10 GRB 12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum thapsus x V. virgatum
species :
Verbascum ×leucophylloides Hub.-Mor. & Rech.f.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: Heft 1, 49 (1960)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: Verbascum leucophyllum x V. pseudonobile
species :
Verbascum ×lobulatum Hub.-Mor.; Candollea 12: 212 (1949)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomerulosum x V. nudatum var. spathulatum
species :
Verbascum ×longeracemosum Chaub.; St.-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 89 (1821)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Verbascum sinuatum x V. thapsus
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×calyculatum Chaub.; St.-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 87 (1821)
species :
Verbascum ×macilentum Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 176 (1868)
Distribution: Germany; Switzerland; Hungary; France; Italy; Greece; etc.
11 GER HUN SWI 12 FRA 13 GRC ITA
Remarks: Verbascum blattaria x V. pulverulentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×fuscipilum Franch.; (1893)
species :
Verbascum ×maeandriforme Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 71 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum maeandri x V. splendidum
species :
Verbascum ×malkaraense Demir, Cingay & Cabi; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 8(3): 10 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Verbascum ×martini Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 172 (1868)
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x V. virgatum
species :
Verbascum ×mirabile (Rech.f. & Hub.-Mor.) Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 5(1): 14 (1973)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum boissieri x V. phlomoides
Synonyms: hidden
= xCelsioverbascum mirabile Rech.f. & Hub.-Mor.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2(1): 55 (1960)
species :
Verbascum ×mixtum Ramond ex DC.; Fl. Fr. 3: 603 (1805)
Distribution: England; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Rheinland-Pfalz); Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary; France; Italy; etc.
10 GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Verbascum nigrum x pulverulentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum nigrum var. nigropulverulentum Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 87 (1812)
= Verbascum nigrum var. schottianum (Schrad.) J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 173 (1841), nom. inval.
= Verbascum ×mixtum subsp. wirtgenii (Franch.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 344 (1928)
= Verbascum ×schottianum W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 591 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Verbascum ×wirtgenii Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 160 (1868)
species :
Verbascum ×montenegrinum Sagorski ex Murb.; Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n.f. 29: No. 2 (Monogr. Verbascum) 449 (1933) in obs.
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
species :
Verbascum ×morronense Huter; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 57: 198 (1907)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Verbascum longifolium x V. lychnitis
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×pseudobalcanicum Rohlena; Vestn. Král. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk. Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1920(6): 6 (1922)
species :
Verbascum ×mucronatiforme Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 2: 306 (1965)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum mucronatum x V. parviflorum
species :
Verbascum ×muglense Hub.-Mor. & Reese; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 46: 178, t. 278 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum parviflorum x V. splendidum
species :
Verbascum ×murbeckii Teyber; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 57: 19 (1907)
Distribution: Germany; Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary; France; Croatia; Greece
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO GRC
Remarks: Verbascum phlomoides x V. pulverulentum
species :
Verbascum ×mutense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 50 (1955)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum pterocalycinum x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×myriocarpoides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 305 (1965)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomerulosum x V. myriocarpum
species :
Verbascum ×mytilinense Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 148 (1938)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Verbascum aschersonii x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×naxense Zograf.; Phytol. Balcan. 26(3): 488 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Verbascum adeliae x V. sinuatum
species :
Verbascum ×neilreichii Reichardt; Verh. K.-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 11: 367 (1861)
Distribution: Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE
Remarks: Verbascum phlomoides x V. speciosum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×badense Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2(2): 1032 (1893)
species :
Verbascum ×nothum Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 512 (1837)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Verbascum densiflorum x pulverulentum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum phlomoides var. nothum (W.D.J.Koch) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 125 (1866)
= Verbascum ×mosellanum Wirtg.; Fl. Preuss. Rheinprov.: 316 (1857)
= Verbascum ×nothum subsp. nouelianum (Franch.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 337 (1928)
= Verbascum ×nothum var. mosellanum (Wirtg.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 20 (1909)
= Verbascum ×nouelianum Franch.; Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 22: 117 (1868)
species :
Verbascum ×nudatiforme Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7: 181 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Verbascum glomeratum x V. nudatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Verbascum ×kovadanum Sutorý; Turkish J. Bot. 28(1-2): 261 (2004)
species :
Verbascum ×nusaybinense Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 1: 338 (1960)