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V. 14.0
August 2nd, 2022

450.0000 Family Gentianaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 141 (1789), nom. cons.
95 genera, ca. 1850 spp.
Species listed in database: 1888; hybrids: 22
= Chironiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(104–114): 1, 36 (1823)
= Coutoubeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Obolariaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 427 (1820)
= Potaliaceae Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 2: 89, 91, 133 (1827)
= Saccifoliaceae Maguire & Pires, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 242 (1978)
= Voyriaceae Doweld
450.0301 Genus Voyria Aubl.; Pl. Gui. 1: 208. t. 83 (1775)
Distribution: Tropical America, Caribbean, trop. W-Africa (1)
Species listed in database: 22
= Ciminalis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Disadena Miq., Stirp. Surin. 150 (1850)
= Humboldtia Neck., Elem. 2: 16 (1790)
= Leianthostemon Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 147 (1850)
= Lita Schreb., Gen. 2: 795 (1791)
= Pneumonanthopsis Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 150 (1850)
= Leiphaimos Schltdl. & Cham., Linnaea, 6: 387 (1831)
species :
Voyria acuminata Benth.; J. Bot. (Hook.) 2: 46 (1840)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas); Venezuela (Amazonas)
82 VEN 84 BRA
species :
Voyria alba (Standl.) L.O.Williams; Fieldiana, Bot., 31: 413 (1968)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Nicaragua; Panama; Guatemala; Honduras; Colombia (Chocó, Santander); Venezuela (Bolívar); El Salvador; Belize
80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos alba Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 198 (1919)
= Leiphamos montana Jonker, Rec. Trav. Bot. Neerl., 33: 252, et in Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht, No. 30, 252 (1936)
= Voyria corymbosa ssp. alba (Standl.) Ruyters & Maas, Fl. Neotrop., 41: 57 (1986)
= Voyria corymbosa var. alba (Standl.) Ruyters & Maas, Acta Bot. Neerl., 30(1-2): 144 (1981)
species :
Voyria alvesiana E.F.Guim., T.S.Mendes & N.G.Silva; Rodriguésia 69(3): 1131 (2018)
Distribution: Brazil (Pará)
84 BRA
species :
Voyria aphylla (Jacq.) Pers.; Syn. 1: 284 (1805)
Name: Genciana de la tierra (Cuba), Muguet grand bois, Muguet jaune (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Montserrat; Nevis; Saba; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Trinidad; Tobago; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Nicaragua; Colombia (Antioquia, Caquetá, Cauca, Magdalena, Meta, Santander, Valle, Vaupés); Panama; Guatemala; Honduras; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Yucatan); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Yaracuy)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB STE STK STL STV TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ciminalis alpina Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ciminalis angustifolia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ciminalis aphylla (Jacq.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Ciminalis grandiflora Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 19 (1837)
= Exacum aphyllum (Jacq.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 638 (1798)
= Gentiana aphylla Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. 17 (1763)
= Hippion aphyllum (Jacq.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
= Leiphaimos aphylla (Jacq.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 104 (1895)
= Leiphaimos costaricensis Standl., Contrib. U S. Nat. Herb. 17: 433 (1914)
= Leiphaimos feildenii Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 332 (1912)
= Leiphaimos lutea C.V.Morton, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 27: 310 (1937)
= Leiphaimos pallidus (Garcke) Walp., Ann. 3: 83 (1852)
= Leiphaimos uniflorus (Pers.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
= Lita aphylla (Jacq.) F.Dietr., Vollst. Lexik. Gaertn. 5: 531 (1805)
= Voyria araguensis H.Karst., Linnaea, 28: 415 (1856)
= Voyria pallida Garcke, Linnaea, 22: 65 (1849)
= Voyria uniflora Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 491 (1793)
species :
Voyria aurantiaca Splitg.; Hoev. & de Vriese, Tijdschr. 7: 135 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. aurantiaca
Distribution: Haiti; Ecuador; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Colombia (Chocó, Nariño); Trinidad; Panama; N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Acre); NE-Brazil (Maranhao); WC-Brazil (Goiás); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal)
80 PAN 81 HIS TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos aurantiacus Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
= Leiphaimos domingensis Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 332 (1912)
= Leiphaimos stenoloba I.M.Johnst., Sargentia, 8: 243 (1949)
= Leiphaimos thalesioides Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 198 (1919)
= Leiphaimos trinitensis (Griseb.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Voyria angustiflora Steud., Flora, 26: 765 (1843)
= Voyria thalesioides (Standl.) L.O.Williams, Fieldiana, Bot., 31: 414 (1968)
= Voyria trinitatis Johow, Pringsh. Jahrb. 16: 448 (1885)
= Voyria trinitensis Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 425 (1862)
subspecies :
subsp. monantha J.S.Pringle; Fl. Ecuador, 53(159A): 122 (1995)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
species :
Voyria caerulea Aubl.; Pl. Gui. 1: 211. t. 83, f. 2 (1775)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar)
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos calycina (Splitg. ex A.DC.) Miq., (1851)
= Leiphaimos spathaceus (Lam.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
= Lita coerulea (Aubl.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1071 (1798)
= Lita spathacea Spreng., Syst. 1: 581 (1824)
= Voyria breviflora Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 491 (1783)
= Voyria calycina Splitg. ex A.DC., DC. Prod. 9: 562 (1845)
= Voyria spathacea Lam., Illustr. 1: 491 (1783)
species :
Voyria chionea Benth.; Hook. Kew Journ. 6: 197 (1854)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar)
82 CLM VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos chionea (Benth.) Gilg, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [Engl. & Prantl] 4, Abt. 2: 104 (1895)
= Voyria nivea Spruce ex Progel, Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(1): 223 (1865)
species :
Voyria clavata Splitg.; Hoev. & de Vriese, Tijdschr. 7: 133 (1840)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; N-Brazil (Amazonas); Venezuela (Amazonas)
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos clavata (Splitg.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Pneumonanthopsis clavata (Splitg.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 150 (1850)
species :
Voyria corymbosa Splitg.; Hoev. & de Vriese, Tijdschr. 7: 136 (1840)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amapa, Pará, Amazonas); Venezuela (Bolívar); Costa Rica; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru
80 COS 82 FRG SUR VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leianthostemon corymbosus (Splitg.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 147 (1850)
= Leianthostemon niveus (Miq.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1850)
= Leiphaimos corymbosa (Splitg.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Leiphaimos nivea (Miq.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Voyria nivea Miq., Linnaea, 19: 140 (1847)
species :
Voyria crucitasensis Y.Guillén & G.Vargas; Phytoneuron 2014-99: 1 (2014)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
species :
Voyria flavescens Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 85 (1845)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Pernambuco, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo); Peru; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Surinam; French Guiana; Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Queretaro, Oaxaca, Chiapas); Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Vaupés); Belize; Panama; Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar); Bolivia (Chuquisaca); Trinidad
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM FRG SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Disadena flavescens (Griseb.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. 150 (1850)
= Leiphaimos flavescens (Griseb.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Voyria bilobata A.Robyns, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 55: 398 (1969)
species :
Voyria kupperi (Suess.) Ruyters & Maas; Acta Bot. Neerl., 30(1-2): 143 (1981)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos kupperi Suess., Fedde, Repert. 42: 46 (1937)
species :
Voyria obconica Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(1): 221 (1865)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos obconica Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
species :
Voyria parasitica (Schltdl. & Cham.) Ruyters & Maas; Acta Bot. Neerl., 30(1-2): 143 (1981)
Name: Parasitic ghostplant
Distribution: USA (Florida); Jamaica; Cayman Isl.; Puerto Rico; Bahamas; Cuba; Nicaragua; Haiti; Dominican Republic; Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan); El Salvador
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC 81 BAH CAY CUB HIS JAM PUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos parasitica Schltdl. & Cham., Linnaea, 6: 387 (1831)
= Voyria mexicana Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 208 (1838)
= Leiphaimos mexicanus (Griseb.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
species :
Voyria pittieri (Standl.) L.O.Williams; Fieldiana, Bot., 31: 413 (1968)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amazonas); Venezuela (Bolívar, Cojedes, Merida, Tachira, Zulia); Guyana; Peru; Panama; ?Colombia
80 PAN 82 GUY VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos pittieri Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 197 (1919)
species :
Voyria primuloides Baker; Kew Bull. 25 (1894)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; etc.
22 IVO 23 CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos primuloides (Baker) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Voyria platypetala Baker, Kew Bull. 26 (1894)
= Leiphaimos platypetala (Baker) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
species :
Voyria pulcherrima (Standl.) L.O.Williams; Fieldiana, Bot., 31: 413 (1968)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos pulcherrimus Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 199 (1919)
species :
Voyria rosea Aubl.; Pl. Gui. 1: 209. t. 83, f. 1 (1775)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Venezuela (Amazonas)
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Lita rosea Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1071 (1798)
= Voyria rhodochroa Sandwith, Kew Bull., 55 (1931)
species :
Voyria spruceana Benth.; Hook. Kew Journ. 6: 197 (1854)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Ecuador; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Chocó, Meta, Valle, Vaupés); Bolivia (Beni, La Paz); N-Brazil (Roraima, Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); Venezuela (Amazonas, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal)
80 COS PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos oreophila Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 17: 434 (1914)
= Leiphaimos spruceana (Benth.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Leiphaimos stellatus Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 197 (1919)
= Leiphaimos sulphurea (Progel) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Voyria stellata (Standl.) A.Robyns, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 55: 400 (1969)
= Voyria sulphurea Progel, Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(1): 221 (1865)
species :
Voyria tenella Guilding ex Hook.; Bot. Misc. 1: 47 (1830)
Name: Muguet bleu (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Guadeloupe; Montserrat; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Nariño, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Trinidad; Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz); Belize; Nicaragua; Panama; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina, Paraná); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Miranda, Zulia)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB GDL HIS MTS PUE STL STV TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Biglandularia azurea H.Karst., Linnaea 28: 417 (1856)
= Leiphaimos azurea (H.Karst.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 104 (1895)
= Leiphaimos brachyloba (Griseb.) Urb., Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 21: A. No. 5, 58 (1927)
= Leiphaimos brachyloba var. albida Urb. & Ekman, Ark. Bot. 23A(11): 31 (1931)
= Leiphaimos brachyloba var. cumbrensis Urb. & Ekman, Ark. Bot. 23A(11): 31 (1931)
= Leiphaimos disadenantha (Griseb.) Alain, Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 22: 114 (1955)
= Leiphaimos nuda (Splitg.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Leiphaimos portoricensis Britton, Sc. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands, 6: 85 (1925)
= Leiphaimos simplex Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 199 (1919)
= Leiphaimos tenella (Hook.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
= Voyria brachyloba Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. 181 (1866)
= Voyria disadenantha Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. 181 (1866)
= Voyria nuda Splitg., Hoev. & de Vriese, Tijdschr. 7: 134 (1840)
= Voyria simplex Griseb., Bot. Voy. Herald [Seemann] 5: 170 (1854)
species :
Voyria tenuiflora Griseb.; DC. Prod. 9: 85 (1845)
Distribution: Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Venezuela (Amazonas, Venezuela Distrito Federal)
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Leiphaimos angustiloba Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 104 (1895)
= Leiphaimos tenuiflorus (Griseb.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 148 (1851)
= Leiphamos leucantha (Miq.) Gilg, Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 105 (1895)
= Pneumonanthopsis leucantha (Miq.) Miq., Stirp. Surin. Sel. 150 (1850)
= Voyria angustiloba Spruce ex Benth., Hook. Kew Journ. 6: 197 (1854)
= Voyria leucantha Miq., Tijdschr. Wetensch. 2: 124 (1849)
species :
Voyria truncata (Standl.) Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 78 (1944)
Distribution: Peru; Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama; Guatemala; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Tolima); ?Ecuador; Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Voyria allenii Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 28: 460 (1941)
= Leiphaimos truncata Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 20: 196 (1919)
= Voyria macrantha Killip, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 26: 361 (1936)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.0 (August 2022)

Covering 355,099 valid species, 42,912 valid infraspecific taxa and 858,614 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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