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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

096.0000 Family Araceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 23 (1789), nom. cons.
123 genera, ca. 4100 spp.
Species listed in database: 4489; hybrids: 19
= Arisaraceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Caladiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 5 (1866)
= Callaceae Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 25, 66 (1830)
= Colocasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 541 (1895)
= Cryptocorynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 32 (1858)
= Dracontiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 7 (1866)
= Lasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Lemnaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 729 (1822), nom. cons.
= Monsteraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Orontiaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 24, 68 (1830)
= Pistiaceae Rich. ex C.Agardh; Aphor. Bot.: 130 (1822)
= Philodendraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Pothaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Wolffiaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 22 (1902)
096.3005 Genus Wolffia Horkel ex Schleid.; Linnaea 13: 389 (1839), et Beitr. Bot. 1: 233 (1844)
Distribution: Temperate and tropical regions, 1 also in European part of Russia and Caucasus
Species listed in database: 11
= Bruniera Franch.; Billotia, 25 (1864)
= Grantia Griff. ex Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calc. 692 (1845), et Notul. 3: 223 (1851)
= Horkelia Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. 76 (1830)
species :
Wolffia angusta Landolt; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 70: 29 (1980)
Distribution: Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
41 THA 42 MLY 50 AUS
species :
Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Horkel ex Wimm.; Fl. Schles. ed. 3, 140 (1857)
Name: Zwergwasserlinse, Zwerglinse (DE), Spotless watermeal (EN); Arroz de agua (ES)
Distribution: England; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], +Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; SW-Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia); Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo etc.); Rwanda; Burundi; W-Chad; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Madagascar; Northern Caucasus; Iran (N-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel); South Korea; Japan (Honshu); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan; Pakistan; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; USA [I] (California [I]); SE-Brazil [I] (Rio de Janeiro [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 21 CNY 22 BEN GHA GNB IVO NGA SEN TOG 23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 CHA 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MOZ 27 BOT SAF 29 MDG 33 NCS 34 IRN ISR 38 JAP KOR nns TAI 40 BAN IND PAK 76 usa 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Bruniera vivipara Franch.; Billotia 1: 25 (1864)
= Horkelia arrhiza (L.) Druce; Fl. Berks. 511 (1898)
= Lemna arrhiza L.; Mantissa Alt. 294 (1771)
= Lemna microscopica Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 635 (1866), not validly publ.
= Lenticula arrhiza (L.) Lam.; Fl. Fr. 2: 190 (1779)
= Wolffia delilii Miq.; Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 429 (1855)
= Wolffia michelii Schleid.; Beitr. Bot.: 233 (1844), nom. superfl.
species :
Wolffia australiana (Benth.) Hartog & Plas; Blumea 20(1): 151 (1972)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Wolffia arrhiza var. australiana Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 162 (1878)
species :
Wolffia borealis (Engelm.) Landolt & Wildi ex Gandhi, Wiersema & Brouillet; Harvard Pap. Bot. 17(1): 49 (2012)
Name: Northern watermeal
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Québec); USA (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Wolffia brasiliensis var. borealis Engelm. ex Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 127 (1868)
= Wolffia borealis (Engelm. ex Hegelm.) Landolt & Wildi; Ber. Geobot. Inst. E. T. H. Stiftung Rübel 44: 137 (1977)
species :
Wolffia brasiliensis Wedd.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 12: 170 (1849)
Name: Brazilian watermeal (EN)
Distribution: India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola (Dominican Republic, Haiti); Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Sucre); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Trujillo, Zulia); Surinam; Ecuador; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara, Paraíba, Bahia, Alagoas); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná); Uruguay (Montevideo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe); Chile (Ñuble)
40 ind 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS GUA PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM 82 CLM SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Grantia brasiliensis (Wedd.) MacMill.; Metasp. Minn. 134 (1892)
= Wolffia papulifera C.H.Thomps.; Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard., 40 (1898)
= Wolffia punctata Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. I.: 512 (1864)
species :
Wolffia columbiana H.Karst.; Bot. Unters. 1: 103 (1865)
Name: Kolumbianische Zwergwasserlinse (DE), Columbian watermeal (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; India [I] (Jammu & Kashmir [I]); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Sucre); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Guarico, Lara, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Rioja, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
11 ger net 40 ind 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON 81 CUR 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Grantia columbiana (H.Karst.) MacMill.; Metasp. Minn. 135 (1892)
= Bruniera columbiana (H.Karst.) Nieuwl.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 306 (1912)
species :
Wolffia cylindracea Hegelm.; Lemnac. 123 (1868)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zimbabwe; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov., Transvaal)
25 KEN TAN 26 ANG ZIM 27 SAF
Remarks: possibly a synonym of W. globosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Telmatophace cylindracea Welw. ex Hegelm.; Lemnac.: 123 (1868)
species :
Wolffia elongata Landolt; Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 70: 27 (1980)
Distribution: Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Córdoba)
81 CUR 82 CLM
species :
Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) Hartog & Plas; Blumea 18: 367 (1970)
Name: Kugelige Zwergwasserlinse (DE); Asian watermeal (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; South Africa [I]; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Selangor, Melaka); Singapore [I]; Philippines; E-Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Molokai [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I]); Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]
11 ger 27 saf 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY PHI sng 63 haw 76 usa 78 usa 82 clm 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Grantia globosa (Roxb.) Griff.; Hort. Suburb. Calc. 692 (1845), et Notul. 3: 229 (1851)
= Lemna globosa Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 66, Fl. Ind. 3: 565 (1832)
= Wolffia schleidenii Miq.; Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 428 (1855)
species :
Wolffia microscopica (Griff.) Kurz; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 265 (1867)
Distribution: Pakistan (Lahore); India (West Bengal); Bangladesh
40 BAN IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Grantia microscopica Griff.; Hort. Suburb. Calc. 692 (1845), et Notul. 3: 229 (1851)
species :
Wolffia neglecta Landolt; Ber. Geobot. Inst. Eidgenöss. Techn. Hochsch. Stift. Rübel 60: 147 (1994)
Distribution: Pakistan; India (Rajasthan, West Bengal); Sri Lanka
40 IND PAK SRL
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life