Search

Reset

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (11)

Genus (1734)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

V. 12.9
9.1.2022

514.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and recent publications
Species listed in database: 35331; hybrids: 505
= Acarnaceae Link, (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 23 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar. 33 (1820)
= Arctotaceae Bessey Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914) (Arctotidaceae).
= Artemisiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820) (Artemisiae)
= Athanasiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820) (Athanasiae)
= Calendulaceae Link, (1829)
= Carduaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822)
= Centaureaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 117 (1820) (Centaureae)
= Cichoriaceae Durandé Notions Elém. Bot.: 272 (1782) (Cichoraceae), nom. cons
= Cnicaceae Vest Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818) (Cnicoideae)
= Compositae Adans. Fam. Pl. 2: 103 (1763), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Coreopsidaceae Link Handbuch 1: 768 (1829) (Coreopsideae)
= Cynaraceae Durandé Notions Elém. Bot.: 273 (1782) (Cinarocephalae)
= Echinopaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822) (Echinopsidea)
= Eupatoriaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 239 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi, Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830) (Gnaphalieae)
= Heleniaceae Raf. Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824) (Helenidia)
= Helianthaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822) (Heliantheae)
= Helichrysaceae Link Handbuch 1: 712 (1829) (Elichryseae)
= Inulaceae Bessey Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Lactucaceae Drude, J.A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov, (1820)
= Matricariaceae J.Voigt, (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett, Outl. Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist., Handb. Naturgesch. 1: 290 (1837)
= Partheniaceae Link Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link Handbuch 1: 728 (1829) (Perdicieae)
= Picridaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820) (Picrides)
= Santolinaceae Martynov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820) (Santolinae)
= Senecionaceae Spenn., Handb. Angew. Bot. 1: 339 (1834) (Senecionideae)
= Serratulaceae Martynov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820) (Serratulae)
= Tanacetaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818) (Tanacetoideae)
= Vernoniaceae Burm., Handb. Naturgesch. 1: 296 (1837)
= Xanthiaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818) (Xanthoideae)
514.9419 Genus Xanthium L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 987 (1753)
Distribution: New World (4), Old World (1), nowadays almost all nearly cosmopolitan. Species circumscription highly disputed, here according to the latest molecular analysis by Tomasello (2018).
Species listed in database: 5
= Acanthoxanthium (DC.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon. N. S. 17: 110 (1869)
= Lapparia Heist., Syst. 11 (1748)
= Strumarium Raf., Ann. Gen. Sc. Phys. 6: 89 (1820)
= Xeranthium Lepech., Reise Russ. 1: 240 (1774)
species :
Xanthium ambrosioides Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Journ. Bot. 3: 310 (1841)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Luis); +Australia [I] (+New South Wales [I])
50 aus 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Xanthium spinosum var. ambrosioides (Hook. & Arn.) Löve & Dans.
= Acanthoxanthium ambrosioides (Hook. & Arn.) D.Löve, Lagascalia, 5 (1): 66 (1975)
species :
Xanthium spinosum L.; Sp. Pl. 987 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. spinosum
Name: Dornige Spitzklette (DE); Spiny cocklebur, clotbur (EN); lampourde épineuse (FR); Cachurrera menor (ES)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia); Colombia (Antioquia, Nariño, Valle); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Jalisco, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora); Peru; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, W, Valparaiso, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Paraguari); Uruguay (Canelones, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano); Brazil; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Ecuador; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); South Africa [I] (widespread); Namibia [I]; Lesotho [I]; Botswana [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Fiji [I]; trop. Africa [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Western Sahara [I]; Eritrea [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Turkey [I] (Central Anatolia [I], E-Anatolia [I], Inner Anatolia [I], N-Anatolia [I], NE-Anatolia [I], NW-Anatolia: Bithynia [I], W-Anatolia [I], WN-Anatolia [I]); Cyprus [I] (E-Cyprus [I], S-Cyprus [I]); East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Egypt [I] (Nile Delta [I], NW-coastal Egypt [I]); Iran [I] (EC-Iran [I], NE-Iran: Mts. [I], N-Iran [I], Iranian Aserbaijan [I]); Israel [I] (coastal W-Israel [I], Rift Valley [I], N-Israel [I], N-Negev Desert [I]); Lebanon [I] (C-Lebanon [I], coastal W-Lebanon [I]); Saudi Arabia [I] (N-Saudi Arabia [I], Asir [I]); Sinai peninsula [I] (N-Sinai [I]); Syria [I] (C-Syrian Desert [I], W-Syrian Mountains [I]); United Arab Emirates [I]; Yemen [I] (Aden Desert [I], N-Inner Yemen [I], W-Yemen [I]); Qatar [I]; Afghanistan [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Faial [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); India [I]; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; France [I]; Andorra [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I] (Mallorca [I], Menorca [I]); Gibraltar [I]; Denmark [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Italy [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Poland [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [I]; Montenegro [I]; Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; European Turkey [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Moldova [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; European Russia [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Siberia [I] (W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Japan [I]; China [I] (Beijing [I], Henan [I]); South Korea [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 den grb 11 aut bgm ger hun lux net pol slo swi 12 ado bal cis cor fra gib por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kri mlt mnt nma rom sic slv srb tue 14 est kry lat lit mld rus ukr 20 alg egy lby mor tun wsa 21 azo cny 24 eri eth 26 zim 27 bot les nam saf 29 mau reu rod 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo ncs 34 afg cyp eai irn isr leb sin syr tur 35 qat sau uae yem 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 ind 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij nwc 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthoxanthium spinosum (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon. N. S. 17: 110 (1869)
= Xanthium canescens Costa ex Widd., Fedde, Repert. Beih. 20: 121 (1923)
= Xanthium cloessplateaum D.Z.Ma, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 11(4): 346, f. 1 (1991)
= Xanthium medium Nossotovsky, Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. 14: 454 (1914)
= Xanthium spinosum f. inerme (Bel) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 90 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Xanthium spinosum var. inerme Bel, Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 11: 481 (-482). (1893)
= Xanthium spinosum var. laciniatum Scheuerm. & Thell. ex Widder, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 135 (1923)
= Xanthium spinosum var. pseudinerme Widder ex Parodi, Physis 8: 480 (1927)
= Xanthium spinosum var. synacanthum Widder, Phyton 11: 77 (1964)
= Xanthium spinosum f. precosius Bitter ex Widder, Phyton 11: 75-76 (1964)
= Xanthium armatum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 242 (1842)
= Xanthium brachyacanthum Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 244 (1842)
= Xanthium canadense Sabbati ex Nyman, Consp. 475 (1879)
= Xanthium chrysacanthum Costa ex Widd., Fedde, Repert. Beih. 20: 121 (1923)
= Xanthium xanthocarpum Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 241 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. catharticum (Kunth) D.Löve; Lagascalia, 5 (1): 64 (1975)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chubut, Jujuy, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Maule, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Xanthium catharticum Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4: 274 (1820)
= Xanthium argenteum Widd., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 118 (1923)
species :
Xanthium strumarium L.; Sp. Pl. 987 (1753)
Distribution: Ukraine; Crimea; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Transcaucasus; Azerbaijan; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Sri Lanka; Bhutan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram); Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Lesser Sunda Isl.; New Guinea [I]; Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); South Korea [I]; Mongolia [I]; Europe [I]; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Maule, Bio Bio, Reg. Metropolitana); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Soriano); Mexico (Tamaulipas); New Zealand [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Hiva Oa [I])
12 cis 14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 TZK 33 AZE 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 mon 38 jap kor TAI 40 BHU PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA 42 LSI nwg 51 nzl 61 mrq 79 MEX 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Remarks: native in the Old World
Synonyms: hidden
= Xanthium abyssinicum Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 230 (1844)
= Xanthium strumarium ssp. brasilicum (Vell.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17(1): 90 (1988)
= Xanthium brasilicum Velloso, Fl. Flum. 10: t. 23 (1829)
= Xanthium inaequilaterum DC., Prodr. 5: 522 (1836)
= Xanthium macrocarpum DC., Fl. Fr. Suppl. 356 (1815)
= Xanthium natalense Widd., Fedde, Repert. xli. 274(1937)
= Xanthium orientale Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 915 (1826)
= Xanthium strumarium ssp. sibiricum (Widd.) Greuter, Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
= Xanthium mongolicum Kitag., Ind. Fl. Jehol. 97 (1936)
= Xanthium strumarium var. inaequilaterale (DC.) C.B.Clarke, Compos. Ind. 133 (1876)
= Xanthium indicum var. inaequilaterum (DC.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 68 (1856)
= Xanthium sibiricum Widd., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 32 (1923)
= Xanthium indicum J.König ex Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 601 (1814)
= Xanthium sibiricum var. jingyuanense H.G.Lou & Y.T.Lu, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 20(3): 249-250 (2000)
= Xanthium japonicum Widd., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 31-32, t. 1, f. 5 (1923)
= Xanthium sibiricum var. subinerve Widd., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 36 (1923)
= Xanthium indicum Klatt, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 380 (1880)
= Xanthium strumarium var. subinerme C.Winkl. ex Widd., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 36 (1923)
species :
Xanthium orientale L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1400 (1763)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Colombia (Antioquia, Cesar, Norte de Santander, Santander); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda, Tachira); N-Brazil (Amazonas); SE-Brazil (São Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay; Uruguay; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan); Chile; Argentina ( Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Luis); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Peru; Bolivia; Paraguay; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I], St. Thomas [I], Tortola [I]); Anguilla [I]; Antigua [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; Nevis [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); South Africa [I] (widespread); Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Lesotho [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; trop. Africa [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; La Réunion [I]; Mauritius [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Chad [I]; Mozambique [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Benin [I]; Sudan [I]; Fiji [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I]); Turkey [I] (E-Anatolia [I], Inner Anatolia [I], N-Anatolia [I], NW-Anatolia: Bithynia [I], S-Anatolia [I], SE-Anatolia [I], SSW-Anatolia [I], W-Anatolia [I]); Cyprus [I] (C-Mountains [I], N-Cyprus [I], S-Cyprus [I]); East Aegaean Isl. [I]; Egypt [I] (Desert Oases [I], Nile Delta [I], Nile Valley [I], NW-coastal Egypt [I]); European Turkey [I]; Iran [I] (NE-Iran: Mts. [I], N-Iran [I], Iranian Aserbaijan [I], W-Iran [I]); Iraq [I] (NW-Iraq [I], SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia [I], S-Iraq [I]); Israel [I] (C-Israel [I], coastal W-Israel [I], Rift Valley [I], N-Israel [I]); Lebanon [I] (Antilebanon [I], C-Lebanon [I], coastal W-Lebanon [I]); Saudi Arabia [I] (S-Saudi Arabia: Rub to Khali [I], Asir [I]); Sinai peninsula [I] (N-Sinai [I], S-Sinai [I]); Syria [I] (C-Syrian Desert [I]); Yemen [I] (Aden Desert [I]); Andaman Isl. [I] (North Andamans [I], Middle Andamans [I], South Andamans [I], Little Andaman Isl. [I]); India [I] (throughout [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Singapore [I]; Java [I]; Bhutan [I]; Nepal [I]; Pakistan [I] (Sind [I], Karachi [I], Baluchistan [I], N. W. Frontier Prov. [I], Pakistani Punjab [I], Chitral [I], Swat [I], Hazara [I], Astor [I], Gilgit [I], Baltistan [I]); Laos [I]; Philippines [I]; Vietnam [I]; Thailand [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); England [I]; Ireland [I]; Northern Ireland [I]; France [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Baleares [I] (Menorca [I]); Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Netherlands [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Monaco [I]; Italy [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Serbia & Kosovo [I]; Albania [I]; Montenegro [I]; Macedonia [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; European Turkey [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; W-European Russia [I] (Kaliningrad region); Belarus [I]; Moldova [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; European Russia [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Armenia [I]; Azerbaijan [I] (incl. Nachichevan [I]); Kyrgyzstan [I]; Mongolia [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Azores [I] (Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Graciosa [I], Sao Miguel [I], Sta. Maria [I], Terceira [I]); Madeira [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Fuerteventura [I], Tenerife [I]); Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Libya [I]
10 grb ire 11 aut bgm cze ger hun lux net pol slo swi 12 bal cor fra gib mco por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kri mlt mnt nma rom sic slv srb tue 14 blr est kry lat lit mld rus ukr 20 alg egy lby mor tun 21 azo cny mdr 22 ben 24 cha eri eth sud 26 moz zam zim 27 bot les nam saf swz 29 mau reu rod 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo ncs 34 cyp eai irn irq isr leb sin syr tur 35 sau yem 37 mon 40 ban bhu ind nep pak srl 41 and lao tha vie 42 jaw mly phi sng 50 aus 60 fij 61 coo sci 63 haw 70 ASK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 aba agu bah cub dom his mar pue stk vir 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Remarks: native in the New World
Synonyms: hidden
= Xanthium albinum (Widd.) H.Scholz & Sukopp, Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. xcviii-c. 47 (1960)
= Xanthium albinum ssp. riparium (Celak.) Widd. & Wagenitz, Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 6(3): 275 (1968)
= Xanthium albinum ssp. ripicola (Holub) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 12 (1984)
= Xanthium americanum Walter, Fl. Carol. 231 (1788)
= Xanthium australe Millsp. & Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4: 37 (1918)
= Xanthium californicum Greene, Pittonia 4: 62 (1899)
= Xanthium californicum var. rotundifolium Widd.
= Xanthium cavanillesii Schouw, Ind. Sem. Hort. Haun. (1849) 14. Cf. Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. III. 12: 357 (1849)
= Xanthium curvescens Millsp. & Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser., 4: 25 (1919)
= Xanthium echinatum Murray, Comm. Götting. 6: 1783 (1784) 32. t. 4
= Xanthium echinatum ssp. italicum (Moretti) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 90 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Xanthium echinatum var. cavanillesii (Schouw) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 90 1987 (1988)
= Xanthium echinatum var. italicum (Moretti) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 90 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Xanthium italicum Moretti, Brugnat. Giorn. Fis. Dec. II. 5: 326 (1822)
= Xanthium italicum ssp. riparium Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 186 (1871)
= Xanthium orientale ssp. californicum (Greene) Greuter, Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
= Xanthium orientale ssp. italicum (Moretti) Greuter, Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
= Xanthium orientale ssp. riparium (Celak.) Greuter, Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
= Xanthium orientale ssp. saccharatum (Wallr.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 274 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Xanthium orientale var. albinum (Widd.) Adema & M.T.Jansen, Gorteria, 9(9): 302 (1979)
= Xanthium orientale var. riparium (Celak.) Adema & M.T.Jansen, Gorteria, 9(9): 303 (1979)
= Xanthium oviforme Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 240 (1842)
= Xanthium pensylvanicum Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 236 (1842)
= Xanthium riparium Lasch, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 14: 412 (1856) (non Itzigs. & Hertsch 1854)
= Xanthium riparium var. albinum Widd.
= Xanthium ripicola Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 11: 83 (1976)
= Xanthium saccharatum ssp. italicum (Moretti) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 613 (1931)
= Xanthium saccharatum Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 238 (1842)
= Xanthium speciosum Kearney, Bull. Torrey Bot Club, 574 (1897)
= Xanthium strumarium ssp. cavanillesii (Schouw ex Didr.) D.Löve & Dans., Canad. J. Bot. 37: 205 (1959)
= Xanthium strumarium ssp. italicum (Moretti) D.Löve, Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 71: 271 (1976)
= Xanthium strumarium ssp. riparium (Celak.) Widd. & Wagenitz
= Xanthium strumarium var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 2(2): 294 (1842)
= Xanthium strumarium var. pensylvanicum (Wallr.) M.Peck
= Xanthium strumarium var. wootonii (Cockerell) W.C.Martin & C.R.Hutchins, Fl. New Mexico, 2: 2041 (1981), without basionym ref.
= Xanthium varians Greene, Pittonia 4: 59 (1901)
= Xanthium wootonii Cockerell ex de Vries, Species and Varieties, 140 (1905)
species :
Xanthium chinense Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
Name: Stechende Spitzklette (DE); Stinging Cocklebur (EN)
Distribution: SE-USA; Caribbean region; India [I]; France [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Greece [I]; Egypt [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Moldova [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; S-European Russia [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I] (incl. Nachichevan [I])
11 aut ger 12 fra 13 grc 14 kry mld rus ukr 20 egy 33 aze geo 34 eai 40 ind 78 USA
Remarks: native in SE-USA and Caribbean
Synonyms: hidden
= Xanthium pungens Wallr., Beitr. Bot. 1: 231 (1842)
= Xanthium arcuatum Millsp. & Sherff, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 4: 4 (1918)
= Xanthium chasei Fernald, Rhodora, 48: 66 (1946)
= Xanthium cylindricum Millsp. & Sherff, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 4: 4, pl. 3, 5 (1918)
= Xanthium decalvatum Widder, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 20: 72 (1923)
= Xanthium echinellum Greene ex Rydb., Man. S. E. Fl. [Small] 1302 (-1303) (1933)
= Xanthium globosum Shull, Bot. Gaz., 59: 482 (1915)
= Xanthium inflexum Mack. & Bush, Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard., 106 (1905)
= Xanthium occidentale Bertol., Lucubr. Re Herb. 38 (1822)
= Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum (DC.) Cronquist, Rhodora 47: 403 (1945)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 12.9 (January 2022)

Covering 353,476 valid species, 43,533 valid infraspecific taxa and 860,583 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With pictures of over 7,000 species of orchids and ferns

Assembled through 30 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life