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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

175.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12089; hybrids: 386
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
175.7031 Genus Zea L.; Sp. Pl. 971 (1753)
Distribution: Central America
Species listed in database: 7
= Euchlaena Schrad.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Götting. (1832)
= Mais Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 39, 573 (1763), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Mays Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Mayzea Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 241 (1830)
= Reana Brign.; Ind. Sem. Hert. Moden. (1849)
= Thalysia Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 794 (1891), nom. illeg. superfl.
= xEuchlaezea Jan.Ammal ex Bor; Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan: 266 (1960)
species :
Zea diploperennis Iltis, Doebley & R.Guzmán; Science, 203(4376): 186 (1979)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco); Colombia [c]; Bolivia [c]
79 MEX 82 clm 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Zea perennis subsp. diploperennis (Iltis, Doebley & R.Guzmán) Greb.; R. Mansfeld, Verz. Landwirtsch. u. Gartn. Kulturpfl., Auf. 2, ed. J. Schultze-Motel 3: 1594 (1986)
species :
Zea luxurians (Durieu & Asch.) R.M.Bird; Taxon 27: 363 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Colombia [I]; French Guiana [I]
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC 82 clm frg
Synonyms: hidden
= Euchlaena luxurians Durieu & Asch.; Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 107 (1877)
= Euchlaena mexicana var. luxurians (Durieu & Asch.) Haines; Bot. Bihar Orissa: 1065 (1924)
= Reana luxurians Durieu; Bull. Soc. Acclim. France, sér. 2, 9: 581 (1872), nom. nud.
= Zea mays subsp. luxurians (Durieu & Asch.) Iltis; Phytologia 23: 249 (1972)
= Zea mexicana subsp. luxurians (Durieu & Asch.) Greb.; Mansf., Verz. Landwirtsch. Gärtn. Kulturpfl., ed. 2, 3: 1595 (1986)
species :
Zea mays L.; Sp. PI.: 971 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. mays
Name: Mais, Welschkorn (DE), Corn (EN), Malojo, Maiz (ES)
Distribution: England [c]; Ireland [c]; Netherlands [c]; Belgium [c]; Germany [c]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [c]; Poland [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Portugal [c]; Spain [c]; Baleares [c]; France [c]; Corsica [c]; Sardinia [c]; Italy [c]; Sicily [c]; Malta [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Albania [c]; Romania [c]; Bulgaria [c]; Greece [c]; Crete [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [c]; Belarus [c]; European Russia [c]; European Russia [c]; Ukraine [c]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Canary Isl. [c] (Lanzarote [c], Fuerteventura [c], Gran Canaria [c], Tenerife [c], La Gomera [c], La Palma Isl. [c]); Gambia [c]; Guinea [c]; Burkina Faso [c]; Togo [c]; Benin [c]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [c]; Principe Isl. [c]; São Tomé [c]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [c]; Chad [c]; Sudan [c]; Zambia [c]; Zimbabwe [c]; Mozambique [c]; Namibia [c]; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [c] (Juan de Nova Isl. [c]); Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Rodrigues [c]; Iles Glorieuses [I]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Chagos Arch. [c] (Diego Garcia [c]); Siberia [c]; Russian Far East [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Kyrgyzstan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Northern Caucasus [c]; Georgia [Caucasus] [c]; Armenia [c]; Azerbaijan [c]; Turkey [c]; Iran [c]; Afghanistan [c]; China [c]; Mongolia [c]; South Korea [c]; Ryukyu Isl. [c]; Pakistan [c]; Nepal [c]; Bhutan [c]; India [c]; Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [c]; Maldives [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Cambodia [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [c] (Bali [c], etc.); Australia [c] (Western Australia [c]); Ashmore Reef [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Vanuatu [c]; Rotuma Isl. [c]; Niue [c]; Fiji [c]; Tuvalu [c]; N-Line Isl. [c] (Kiritimati [c]); Cook Isl. [c]; Easter Isl. [c]; Palau [c]; Northern Marianas [c] (Pagan [c], Rota [c]); Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Yap [c], Pohnpei [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Kwajalein [c], Majuro [c]); Wake Isl. [c]; Canada [c] (Ontario [c], Québec [c]); USA [c] (Alabama [c], Arkansas [c], Arizona [c], California [c], Colorado [c], Connecticut [c], Florida [c], Georgia [c], Iowa [c], Idaho [c], Illinois [c], Indiana [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Maryland [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], Minnesota [c], Missouri [c], Mississippi [c], Montana [c], North Carolina [c], Nebraska [c], New Hampshire [c], New Jersey [c], New Mexico [c], Nevada [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], Rhode Island [c], South Carolina [c], Tennessee [c], Texas [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c], Vermont [c], Washington State [c], Wisconsin [c], West Virginia [c], Wyoming [c]); Mexico (widespread, but only cultivated known); Guatemala [c]; El Salvador [c]; Honduras [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Panama [c]; Bahamas [c]; Cuba [c]; Cayman Isl. [c]; Jamaica [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Antigua [c]; Guadeloupe [c]; Barbados [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Aruba [c]; Bonaire [c]; Curacao [c]; Colombia [c]; Isla Margarita [c]; Guyana [c]; Surinam [c]; French Guiana [c]; Ecuador [c]; Ecuador [c]; Peru [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]; Bolivia [c]; Brazil [c]; Paraguay [c]; Uruguay [c]
10 grb ire 11 aut bgm cze ger hun net pol slo swi 12 bal cor fra por sar spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kri mlt rom sic slv 14 blr est kry lat lit rus ukr 20 alg mor tun 21 cny 22 ben bkn gam gui tog 23 bio pri sao zai 24 cha sud 26 moz zam zim 27 nam 29 aga cgs igl mau mci reu rod 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo ncs 34 afg irn tur 36 chi 37 mon 38 kor nns 40 ban bhu ind ldv mdv nep pak srl 41 and cbd mya ncb 42 jaw lsi phi 50 aus 60 fij nue nwc rot tuv van 61 coo eas lin 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu wak 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 cos els gua hon nic pan 81 aba aru bah bbd bon cay cub cur gdl his jam pue trt ven 82 clm frg guy sur 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Mays americana Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 281 (1817), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Mays vulgaris Ser.; Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 1: 182 (1818)
= Mays zea Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 6 (1788), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Mays zea var. compressa DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 123 (1813)
= Mays zea var. microstachya DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 123 (1813)
= Mays zea var. purpurea DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 123 (1813)
= Mayzea cerealis Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 241 (1830)
= Mayzea cerealis var. gigantea Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 241 (1830)
= Mayzea vestita Raf.; Med. Fl. 2: 241 (1830)
= Thalysia mays (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 794 (1891), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea alba Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2 (1768)
= Zea altissima J.F.Gmel. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 898 (1821), nom. nud.
= Zea americana Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 1 (1768)
= Zea amylacea Sturtev.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 333 (1894)
= Zea amyleosaccharata Sturtev. ex L.H.Bailey; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 334 (1894)
= Zea canina S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 26: 160 (1891)
= Zea cryptosperma Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Mais: 30 (1836), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea curagua Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili: 129, 354 (1782)
= Zea erythrolepis Bonaf.; 30, pl. 5, 38, pl. 11, f. 17 (1836)
= Zea erythrosperma Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 40 (1836)
= Zea everta Sturtev.; Rep. (Annual) New York Agric. Exp. Sta., Geneva 1884: 183 (1884)
= Zea gigantea André; Pl. Feuill. Ornem.: 251 (1866)
= Zea glumacea Larrañaga; Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 1: 217 (1922)
= Zea gracillima Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1190 (1895)
= Zea hirta Bonaf.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 17: 158 (1836)
= Zea indentata Sturtev.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 329 (1894)
= Zea indurata Sturtev.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 327 (1894)
= Zea japonica Van Houtte; Ann. Gén. Hort. 16: 121 (1865)
= Zea japonica var. vittata L.H.Bailey; Man. Cult. Pl.: 104 (1924)
= Zea macrosperma Klotzsch; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 9: 718 (1851)
= Zea mays convar. americana Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. aorista Greb.; Züchter 19: 309 (1949)
= Zea mays convar. conica Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. europaea Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. excellens Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 304 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. nana Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 305 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. polystachytes (Bonaf.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays convar. aorista Greb.; Züchter 19: 309 (1949)
= Zea mays f. hanakibi Makino; Makinoa 2: 26 (1947)
= Zea mays f. variegata (Rothsch.) Beetle; Phytologia 38: 176 (1978)
= Zea mays subsp. acuminata Golosk.; Syst. Kukur: 87 (1966)
= Zea mays subsp. amylacea (Sturtev.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 121 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. amyleosaccharata (Sturtev. ex L.H.Bailey) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 123 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. aorista (Greb.) Golosk.; Syst. Kukur: 101 (1966)
= Zea mays subsp. ceratina (Kuleshov) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 123 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. dentiformis Körn.; 362 (1885)
= Zea mays subsp. everta (Sturtev.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 121 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. excellens (Alef.) Körn.; 361 (1885)
= Zea mays subsp. indentata (Sturtev.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 121 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. indurata (Sturtev.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 122 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. microsperma Körn.; 362 (1885)
= Zea mays subsp. obtusa Golosk.; Syst. Kukur: 89 (1966)
= Zea mays subsp. praecox (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 604 (1834)
= Zea mays subsp. saccharata (Sturtev.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 121 (1950)
= Zea mays subsp. tunicata (A.St.-Hil.) Zhuk.; Kult. Rast. Sorod.: 122 (1950)
= Zea mays var. acuminata Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. aestiva Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea mays var. alba Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 309 (1866)
= Zea mays var. alba Gill. & Magne; 443 (1863)
= Zea mays var. alboflava Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. alborubra Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. alborubro-ornis Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 29 (1982)
= Zea mays var. albotunicata Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 37 (1982)
= Zea mays var. americana Schur; 187 (1850)
= Zea mays var. amylacea (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; 2006 (1902)
= Zea mays var. amyleasaccharata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; 2006 (1902)
= Zea mays var. atropurpurea Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 30 (1982)
= Zea mays var. autumnalis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 308 (1866), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea mays var. autumna-seminibus-albis Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 37 (1836)
= Zea mays var. caesia Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866)
= Zea mays var. canariensis Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 34 (1836)
= Zea mays var. ceratina Kuleshov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19(2): 341 (1928)
= Zea mays var. coerulea Körn.; 25 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. coeruleodulcis Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. compressa Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866)
= Zea mays var. corynula Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866)
= Zea mays var. crinusa Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 309 (1866), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea mays var. crococeras Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. crocodon Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. cryptosperma Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. curagua (Molina) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 305 (1866)
= Zea mays var. cymosa Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 38 (1836)
= Zea mays var. diasacchara Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. dierythra Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. dulcis Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. erythrodiasacchara Körn.; 28 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. erythrolepis (Bonaf.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 304 (1866)
= Zea mays var. erythropais Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 305 (1866)
= Zea mays var. everta (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 4: 2005 (1902)
= Zea mays var. flavoalba Körn.; 28 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. flavodulcis Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. flavorubra Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. flavorubrotunicata Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 37 (1982)
= Zea mays var. gasquinensis Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 37 (1836)
= Zea mays var. gilva Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. glaucopais Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 305 (1866)
= Zea mays var. glaucops Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866)
= Zea mays var. glaucornis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. gracillima Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 362 (1885)
= Zea mays var. graeca Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 34 (1836)
= Zea mays var. guasconensis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays var. haematornis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. hepaticornis Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 29 (1982)
= Zea mays var. hirta (Bonaf.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 309 (1866)
= Zea mays var. hirta Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. hispanica Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 35 (1836)
= Zea mays var. humilis Schur; 187 (1850)
= Zea mays var. indentata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 4: 2006 (1902)
= Zea mays var. indurata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 4: 2005 (1902)
= Zea mays var. japonica (Van Houtte) Alph.Wood; Amer. Bot. Fl. 2: 409 (1871)
= Zea mays var. latissima Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 311 (1866)
= Zea mays var. leucoceras Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. leucodiasacchara Körn.; 28 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. leucodon Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 311 (1866)
= Zea mays var. leucopais Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 305 (1866)
= Zea mays var. leucornis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. leucospira Schur; 187 (1850)
= Zea mays var. lilacina Körn.; 25 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. linearis Schur; 187 (1850)
= Zea mays var. melanornis Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. minima Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 36 (1836)
= Zea mays var. mirabilis Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. multicolor Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866)
= Zea mays var. multicoloramylacea Yarchuk; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilova 96: 79 (1979)
= Zea mays var. nigra Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866)
= Zea mays var. nigrorubra Körn.; 28 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. oryzaea Kuleshov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 495 (1930)
= Zea mays var. oryzoides Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. oxyornis Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. oxyornistunicata Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 37 (1982)
= Zea mays var. pensylvanica Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Mais: 33 (1836)
= Zea mays var. perlata Schur; 187 (1850)
= Zea mays var. philippii Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. poecilopais Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays var. poikilodiasacchara Körn.; 28 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. poikilodon Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. poikilornis Körn.; 25 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. polelythra Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays var. polyleuca Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays var. polystachios Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. polystachytes Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 36 (1836)
= Zea mays var. polyxantha Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 306 (1866)
= Zea mays var. praecox Gill. & Magne; 443 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Zea mays var. praecox Pers.; 533 (1807)
= Zea mays var. praecox Torr.; A. Eaton, Man. Bot. N. States, ed. 2: 500 (1818)
= Zea mays var. pungens Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. purpuornis Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 29 (1982)
= Zea mays var. pyracra Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 307 (1866)
= Zea mays var. pyrocarpa Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866)
= Zea mays var. pyroceras Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. pyrodon Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. quillotensis Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 38 (1836)
= Zea mays var. quinquantina Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 309 (1866)
= Zea mays var. rhodornis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 312 (1866)
= Zea mays var. rosea Körn.; 25 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rostrata Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. rubra Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 40 (1836)
= Zea mays var. rubra Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. rubrocaesia Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubrodulcis Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubronigra Körn.; 25 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubropaleata Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubropaleatatunicata Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 37 (1982)
= Zea mays var. rubropunctata Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubrostriata Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rubroviolacea Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. rugosa Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Mais: 39 (1836)
= Zea mays var. rugosa Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. saccharata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 4: 2006 (1902)
= Zea mays var. striata Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 310 (1866), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea mays var. striatiamylacea Leizerson; Byull. Vses. Ord. Lenina Inst. Rast. N. I. Vavilova 96: 79 (1979)
= Zea mays var. striatidens Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. striatodulcis Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. subflavodulcis Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 36 (1982)
= Zea mays var. subnigroviolacea T.A.Yarchuk; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 96: 79 (1979)
= Zea mays var. subpraecox Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 35 (1836)
= Zea mays var. subpraecox Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. subrubrodulcis Schmaraev; Wulff, Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 6: 36 (1982)
= Zea mays var. syrtica Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 34 (1836)
= Zea mays var. tristis Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. tunicata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey; 2005 (1902)
= Zea mays var. tunicata A.St.-Hil.; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 16: 144 (1829)
= Zea mays var. tunicata Larrañaga ex A.St.-Hil.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 16: 144 (1829)
= Zea mays var. turgida Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 34 (1836)
= Zea mays var. uberior Körn.; 22 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. varia Gill. & Magne; 444 (1863)
= Zea mays var. variegata G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. 4: 238 (1887)
= Zea mays var. variegata Rothsch.; Pl. Feuill. Col., n.s., 2: 37 (1868)
= Zea mays var. variodulcis Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. versicolor Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 40 (1836)
= Zea mays var. violacea Körn.; 27 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. virginica Bonaf.; 37, pl. 10, f. 15 (1836)
= Zea mays var. vulgaris-aestiva Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 31 (1836)
= Zea mays var. vulgaris-autumna Bonaf.; Hist. Nat. Maïs: 32 (1836)
= Zea mays var. vulgata Körn.; 23 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea mays var. xanthodon Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 311 (1866)
= Zea mays var. xanthornis Körn.; 24 (1873), nom. inval.
= Zea minima Vilm.; Blumeng, ed. 3, Sieber & Voss 1: 1190 (1895), in syn.
= Zea minima Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 1190 (1895), pro syn.
= Zea minor J.F.Gmel. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 898 (1821), pro syn.
= Zea mucronata Poit. ex Vilm.; Rev. Hortic. Ser. II. 1: 246 (1843), in nota
= Zea odontosperma Ten.; Cat. Ort. Bot. Napoli: 99 (1845)
= Zea oryzoides Golodk.; Kukuruza i sorgo 14 (1962)
= Zea oryzoides subsp. eusaccharata Golodk.; Sist. Kukuruzy 103 (1966)
= Zea oryzoides subsp. hirta (Bonaf.) Golodk.; Sist. Kukuruzy 86 (1966)
= Zea oryzoides subsp. praesaccharata Golodk.; Sist. Kukuruzy 101 (1966)
= Zea praecox Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 898 (1821), pro syn.
= Zea rostrata Bonaf.; Ann. Soc. Agric. Lyon 5: 197 (1842), et ex Vilm. in Rev. Hortic. Ser. II. i.(1843) 245
= Zea saccharata Sturtev.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 333 (1894)
= Zea segetalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 28 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea tunicata (A.St.-Hil.) Sturtev. ex L.H.Bailey; Survival of Unlike: 128 (1894), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Zea vaginata Sturtev.; Gard. Chron., n. s. 20: 443 (1883), nom. nud.
= Zea vittata Vilm.; Blumeng, ed. 3, Sieber & Voss 1: 1189 (1895), in syn.
= Zea vulgaris Mill.; Gard. Dict (ed. 8) Zea No. 3 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. huehuetenangensis (Iltis & Doebley) Doebley; Maydica 35: (1990)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Zea mays var. huehuetenangensis Iltis & Doebley; Amer. J. Bot. 67(6): 1002 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. parviglumis Iltis & Doebley; Amer. J. Bot. 67(6): 1001 (1980)
Distribution: USA [I] (Florida [I]); S-Mexico (Michoacan, Oaxaca to Jalisco); Guatemala
78 usa 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Zea mexicana subsp. parviglumis (Iltis & Doebley) Greb.; R. Mansfeld, Verz. Landwirtsch. u. Gartn. Kulturpfl., Auf. 2, ed. J. Schultze-Motel 3: 1595 (1986)
species :
Zea mexicana (Schrad.) Kuntze; Lex. Gen. Phan. 599 (1904)
Name: Mexican teosinte
Distribution: Mozambique [I]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [I]; Myanmar [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Maryland [I]); Mexico (Oaxaca, Valle de Mexico, Chihuahua to Michoacan and México Distrito Federal, Sonora, etc.); Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; French Guiana [I]; Brazil [I]
26 moz 40 ind srl 41 mya 42 jaw phi 78 usa 79 MEX 80 els gua hon 82 frg 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Euchlaena bourgeaui E.Fourn.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15: 468 (1876)
= Euchlaena giovanninii E.Fourn.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15: 468 (1876)
= Euchlaena mexicana Schrad.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Götting. (1832).-Cf. Linnaea 8: (1833) Litt. 25
= Reana giovanninii Brign.; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 12: 365 (1849)
= Zea mays subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) Iltis; Ann. Rev. Genet. 5: 450 (1971), without basionym ref., et Phytologia. 23(2): 249 (1972)
= Zea mexicana (Schrad.) Reeves & Mangelsd.; Amer. J. Bot. 29: 817 (1942), isonym
species :
Zea nicaraguensis Iltis & B.F.Benz; Novon 10(4): 382 (2000)
Distribution: Nicaragua
80 NIC
species :
Zea perennis (Hitchc.) Reeves & Mangelsd.; Amer. J. Bot. 29: 817 (1942)
Name: Perennial teosinte
Distribution: USA [I] (South Carolina [I]); Mexico (Colima, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Veracruz); Costa Rica [I]
78 usa 79 MEX 80 cos
Synonyms: hidden
= Euchlaena perennis Hitchc.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 12: 207 (1922)
species :
Zea vespertilio Gómez-Laur.; Brenesia 80: 36 (2013)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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