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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

152.0000 Family Zingiberaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 682 (1820), nom. cons.
55-60 genera, ca. 1900 spp., mostly Malesia, Old World Tropics, ca. 125 spp. neotropical
Species listed in database: 2009; hybrids: 4
= Alpiniaceae Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 2 (1821)
= Amomaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 154 (1805)
= Curcumaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 56 (1829)
152.3211 Genus Zingiber Boehm.; Ludw. Defin. Gen. Pl., ed. Boehm., 89 (1760)
Distribution: Indochina, India, Malesia
Species listed in database: 219
= Cassumunar Colla, Nov. Scit. Gen. 9 (1830)
= Dietrichia Giseke, Prael. L. 199, 208 (1792)
= Dymczewiczia Horan., Prod. Scitam. 26 (1862)
= Jaegera Giseke, Prael. L. 203, 236 (1792)
= Lampujang J.Koenig, Retz. Obs. 3: 62 (1783)
= Thumung J.Koenig, Retz. Obs. 3: 62 (1783)
= Zerumbet T.Lestib., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 15: 329 (1841)
species :
Zingiber acuminatum Valeton; Bull. Inst. Buitenz. 20: 13 (1904)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
variant :
var. borneense Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 27: 141 (1918)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber aguingayae Docot; Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(2): 465 (2019)
Distribution: Philippines
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber albiflorum R.M.Sm.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 85(1): 41 (1982)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber album Nurainas; Taiwania 62(3): 295 (2017)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber anamalayanum Sujanapal & Sasidh.; Nordic J. Bot. 28(3): 289 (2010)
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber angustifolium C.K.Lim & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 32 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber apoense Elmer; Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 8: 2914 (1915)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber argenteum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 17(4): 341 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber arunachalensis A.Joe, T.Jayakr., Hareesh & M.Sabu; Phytotaxa 309(1): 95 (2017)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber atroporphyreum Skornick. & Q.B.Nguyen; Phytotaxa 219(3): 204 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber atrorubens Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 252 (1902)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber aurantiacum (Holttum) Theilade; Gard. Bull. Singapore, 48(1-2): 232 (1996 publ. 1998)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber gracile var. aurantiacum Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 63 (1950)
species :
Zingiber banahaoense Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot. 21: 129 (2001)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber barbatum Wall.; Pl. As. Rar. 1: 46. t. 55 (1830)
Distribution: Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay); Thailand
41 MYA THA
species :
Zingiber belumense C.K.Lim & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 26 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber bipinianum D.K.Roy, D.Verma, Talukdar & Dutta Choud.; J. Jap. Bot. 90(5): 298 (2015)
Distribution: India (Meghalaya)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber bisectum D.Fang; Guihaia 16(1): 5-6 (1996)
Distribution: China (S-Guangxi); ?Thailand
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber brachystachys Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 58 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber bradleyanum Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 403 (1912)
Distribution: N-Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber brevifolium N.E.Br.; Gard. Chron. (1886) 2: 390
Distribution: Solomon Isl.; New Guinea [I]
42 nwg 43 SOL
Remarks: known only from cultivated specimens, not in the wild
species :
Zingiber bulusanense Elmer; Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 2993 (1919)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber calcicola Y.H.Tan & H.B.Ding; Phytotaxa 525(1): 65 (2021)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber callianthus Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 59 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber campanulatum T.Jayakr., A.Joe, Hareesh & M.Sabu; Taiwania 66(1): 109, fig. 5 (2021)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber capitatum Roxb.; Asiat. Research. 11: 348 (1810); Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 1: 55 (1832)
Distribution: N-India (Assam, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand); Nepal
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dymczewiczia capitata (Roxb.) Horan., Prod. Scitam. 26 (1862)
species :
Zingiber cardiocheilum Skornick. & Q.B.Nguyen; Phytotaxa 219(3): 206 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber castaneum Skornick. & Q.B.Nguyen; Phytotaxa 219(3): 209 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber caudatum Biseshwori & Bipin; J. Jap. Bot. 93(1): 31 (2018)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber cernuum Dalzell; Hook. Kew Journ. 4: 342 (1852)
Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber chantaranothaii Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 59 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber chengii Y.H.Tseng, C.M.Wang & Y.C.Lin; PhytoKeys 139: 3 (2020)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Zingiber chlorobracteatum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 515 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber chrysanthum Roscoe; Monandr. PI.: t. 86 (1827)
Distribution: India (Assam, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Nepal
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber ligulatum Wall., Cat. n. 6566 et auct. non Roxb.
= Zingiber flavescens Link ex A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. 1: 54 (1831)
species :
Zingiber chrysostachys Ridl.; J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 32: 129 (1899)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Perak); peninsular Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
species :
Zingiber citrinum Ridl.; Journ. As. Soc. Straits, 32: 129 (1899)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber griffithii var. citrinum (Ridl.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 61 (1950)
species :
Zingiber citriodorum Theilade & Mood; Plantsman, n. s., 1: 22 (2002)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber clarkei King ex Benth. & Hook.fil.; Gen. 3: 646 (1883)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Sikkim)
40 BHU IND
species :
Zingiber cochleariforme D.Fang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 225-226, pl. 4, f. 2 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber collinsii Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 525 (1999), without latin descr.; et in Nordic J. Bot., 20(1): 32 (2000), with latin descr.
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber coloratum N.E.Br.; Gard. Chron. (1879) II. 166
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber corallinum Hance; J. Bot. 18(214): 301 (1880)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan); Thailand; Laos
36 CHI 41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber cornigerum T.Jayakr., A.Joe, Hareesh & M.Sabu; Taiwania 66(1): 107, fig. 4 (2021)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber cornubracteatum Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 60 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber curtisii Holttum; Gard. Bull. Singapore, 13: 54 (1950)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Gunung Bujong Malacca, Perak)
42 MLY
Remarks: known only from type
species :
Zingiber cylindricum Moon; Cat. Pl. Ceyl. 1 (1824), nomen; Thwaites Enum Pl. Zeyl. 315 (1861)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
species :
Zingiber densissimum S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 467-468, f. 6 (1987)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); N-Thailand; Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA THA
species :
Zingiber discolor Skornick., H.Ð.Tran & Rybková; Phytotaxa 219(3): 213 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber diwakarianum R.Kr.Singh; Indian J. Forest. 34(2): 245 (-248; figs.) (2011)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber eberhardtii Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 54: 408 (1907)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber eborinum Mood & Theilade; Sandakania, 9: 21 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber elatius (Ridl.) Theilade; Gard. Bull. Singapore 48: 227 (1998)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl., Perak, Selangor, Johor)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber gracile var. elatior Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 32: 130 (1899)
species :
Zingiber elatum Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 1 (1814), nomen; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 1: 56 (1820); Fl. Ind.,ed. Carey, 1: 57 (1832)
Distribution: E-India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber capitatum var. elatum (Roxb.) Baker, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 249 (1892)
= Dymczewiczia elata (Roxb.) Horan., Prodr. Monogr. Scitam.: 26 (1862)
species :
Zingiber ellipticum (S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia) Q.G.Wu & T.L.Wu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34(4): 416-418, f. 1 (1996)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Plagiostachys elliptica S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 460-461, f. 1 (1987)
= Zingiber ellipticum (S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia) S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia, Fl. Yunnanica, 8: 548 (1997), isonym
species :
Zingiber engganoensis Ardiyani; Reinwardtia 14(2): 307 (2015)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber fallax (Loes.) L.Bai, Juan Chen & N.H.Xia; Nordic J. Bot. 37(3)-e02230: 3 (2019)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Boesenbergia fallax Lingelsh. & Borza ex Loes., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 15A: 572 (1930)
= Kaempferia fallax Lingelsh. & Borza, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8(370-372): 385 (1914)
species :
Zingiber flagelliforme Mood & Theilade; Nordic J: Bot., 19(5): 517 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber flammeum Theilade & Mood; Sandakania, 9: 24 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber flaviflorum C.K.Lim & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 37 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber flavofusiforme M.M.Aung & Nob.Tanaka; Phytotaxa 316(2): 196 (2017)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber flavomaculosum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 144-145, f. 1, 1 (1987)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber flavovirens Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(4): 397 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber fragile S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 464-465, f. 4 (1987)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); N-Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber fraseri Theilade; Gard. Bull. Singapore, 48(1-2): 214 (1996 publ. 1998)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (only known from Fraser´s Hill)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber besar var. fraseri (Theilade) C.K.Lim & Meekiong, Folia Malaysiana 16(1): 18 (2015)
variant :
var. major (Ridl.) Govaerts; Taiwania 61(3): 270 (2016)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber besar C.K.Lim & Meekiong, Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 16 (2014)
= Zingiber griffithii var. major Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 32: 131 (1899)
variant :
var. nervifolium (Meekiong & C.K.Lim) Govaerts; Taiwania 61(3): 270 (2016)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber besar var. nervifolium C.K.Lim & Meekiong, Folia Malaysiana 16(1): 18 (2015)
species :
Zingiber georgeae Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 521 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber gracile Jack; Malay. Misc. 1: (1820) n. I. 1
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Penang Isl., Pahan, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor); Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan)
41 MYA 42 MLY
species :
Zingiber gramineum Noronha; Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: (1790) ed. I. Art. 4: 28; Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 45
Distribution: Java; Myanmar; Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam; Sumatra
41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Dymczewiczia graminea (Noronha ex Blume) Horan., Prodr. Monogr. Scitam.: 26 (1862)
= Zingiber gramineum var. validior K.Schum., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 46: 175 (1904)
species :
Zingiber griffithii Baker; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 246 (1892)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (common in south of the Peninsula); Borneo; Singapore
42 BOR MLY SNG
Conservation Status: endangered (Singapore)
species :
Zingiber guangxiense D.Fang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 226, t. 4, f. 3 (1980)
Distribution: China (SE-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber gulinense Y.M.Xia; Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 18(1): 51 (1996)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber hainanense Y.S.Ye, L.Bai & N.H.Xia; Phytotaxa 217(1): 75 (2015)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber idae Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 30: 62 (2002)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber villosum Theilade, Nordic J. Bot. 19: 396 (1999), nom. illeg.
species :
Zingiber incomptum B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 29: 152 (1969)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber inflexum Blume; Enum. Pl. Jav. 43
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Zingiber integrilabrum Hance; J. Bot. 20(231): 80 (1882)
Distribution: China (Hongkong)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber integrum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 465-467, f. 5 (1987)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber intermedium Baker; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 246 (1892)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber isanense Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 61 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand; Laos
41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber jiewhoei Skornick.; Blumea 59(2): 110 (2014)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Zingiber junceum Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 149 (1906)
Distribution: Thailand; Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam
41 CBD LAO THA VIE
species :
Zingiber kangleipakense Kishor & Skornick.; Gard. Bull. Singapore 65(1): 40 (2013)
Distribution: India (Manipur)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber kawagoi Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 10: 35-36 (1921)
Distribution: Taiwan (incl. Lan Yu Isl.)
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber koshunense Hayata ex C.T.Moo, Novon 10: 88 (2000)
species :
Zingiber kelabitianum Theilade & Christensen; Edinburgh J. Bot., 55(2): 239 (1998)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber kelantanense C.K.Lim; Folia Malaysiana 4(2): 69 (2003)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia; Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
species :
Zingiber kerrii Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 403 (1912)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Thailand; Myanmar (Shan); India (Manipur, Meghalaya)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber stipitatum S.Q.Tong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 146-147, pl. 1, f. 3 (1987)
= Zingiber menghaiense S.Q.Tong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 145-146, pl. 1, f. 2 (1987)
species :
Zingiber koshunense Hayata ex T.L.Wu et al.; Novon 10: 88 (2000)
Distribution: Taiwan (incl. Lan Yu Isl.)
38 TAI
species :
Zingiber kunstleri King ex Ridl.; Journ. As. Soc. Straits, 32: 127 (1899)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Trengganu, Perak, Pahan)
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber lambii Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 17(4): 339 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber laoticum Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(3): 168 (1907)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Laos; Thailand
36 CHI 41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber larsenii Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(4): 404 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber latifolium Theilade & Mood; Nordic J. Bot., 17(4): 343 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber lecongkietii Skornick. & H.Ð.Tran; Phytotaxa 219(3): 202 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber leptorrhizum D.Fang; Guihaia 2(3): 138-139, pl. 1, f. 3 (1982)
Distribution: China (E-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber leptostachyum Valeton; Ic. Bogor. t. 275 (1908)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber flavidum Ridl., Journ. As. Soc. Straits, 54: 58 (1910)
species :
Zingiber leucochilum L.Bai, Skornick. & N.H.Xia; Nordic J. Bot. 36(9)-e01840: 2 (2018)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber ligulatum Roxb.; As. Res. 11: 348 (1810)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay); Thailand; India (Tamil Nadu); Andaman / Nicobar Isl.
40 IND 41 MYA THA
species :
Zingiber limianum Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 20 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber lingyunense D.Fang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 226, pl. 4, f. 4 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber loerzingii Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 146 (1918)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber longibracteatum Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(4): 408 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand; peninsular Malaysia
41 THA 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber mythianum C.K.Lim, Folia Malaysiana 2: 37 (2001)
species :
Zingiber longiglande D.Fang & D.H.Qin; Guihaia 16(1): 7-8 (1996)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber longiligulatum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 140-141, f. 1 (1987)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber longipedunculatum Ridl.; Journ. As. Soc. Straits, 50: 149 (1908)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
variant :
var. lambirense S.Sakai & Nagam.; Blumea 51(1): 112 (2006)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber longyanjiang Z.Y.Zhu; Bull. Sichuan School Chin. Met. Med. 30(2): 29 (1992)
Distribution: China (C-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber macradenium K.Schum.; Engl. Jahrb. 27: 269 (1899)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber macrocephalum (Zoll.) K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 269 (1899)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Elettaria macrocephala (Zoll.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 603 (1859)
= Donacodes macrocephala Zoll., Natuur- Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indië 2: 211 (1854)
= Cardamomum macrocephalum (Zoll.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 687 (1891)
species :
Zingiber macroglossum Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 147 (1918)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber macrorrhynchus K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Zingib. 176 (1904)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Zingiber magang N.S.Lý & Skornick.; Taiwania 66(2): 233 (2021)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber malaysianum C.K.Lim; Folia Malaysiana 3: 27 (2002)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber marginatum Roxb.; As. Res. 11: 349 (1810)
Distribution: NE-India (Assam)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Dymczewiczia marginata Horan., Prod. Scitam. 26 (1862)
species :
Zingiber martinii R.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 45(3): 418 [1988] (1989)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber matangense Noor Ain, Tawan & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 16(1): 27 (2015)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber matupiense M.M.Aung & Nob.Tanaka; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 43(2): 52 (2017)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber matutumense Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot. 21: 130 (2001)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber mawangense Noor Ain & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 16(1): 24 (2015)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber meghalayense Sushil K.Singh, R.Kumar & Mood; Phytotaxa 77: 55 (2013)
Distribution: India (Meghalaya)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber mekongense Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 54: 168 (1907)
Distribution: Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Thailand
41 CBD LAO THA VIE
species :
Zingiber mellis Skornick., H.Ð.Tran & Sída f.; Phytotaxa 219(3): 209 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber microcheilum Skornick., H.Ð.Tran & Sída f.; Phytotaxa 219(3): 215 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber mioga (Thunb.) Roscoe; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 348 (1807)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; South Korea [I]
36 CHI 38 JAP kor NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Amomum mioga Thunb., Fl. Jap. 14 (1784)
= Zingiber echuanense Y.K.Yang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 26(2): 158-159, pl. 1 (1988)
= Zingiber mijooka Siebold, Verh. Batav. Gen. 12: (1830) 18 (sjooka)
= Zingiber mioga var. variegatum Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 6: 10 (1929)
= Zingiber oligophyllum K.Schum., Pflanzer 20(IV. 46): 188 (1904)
species :
Zingiber mizoramensis Ram.Kumar, Sushil K.Singh & S.Sharma; Phytotaxa 233(1): 83 (2015)
Distribution: India (Mizoram)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber molle Ridl.; Philipp. J. Sci., C 4: 168 (1909)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber monglaense S.J.Chen & Z.Y.Chen; Guihaia 8(4): 315-316, f. 1 (1988)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber monophyllum Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 49: 250 (1903)
Distribution: Laos; Vietnam
41 LAO VIE
species :
Zingiber montanum (J.Koenig) Link ex A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. 1: 52 (1831)
Name: Jenjibre colorado
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu); Bangladesh; Java [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Myanmar [I] (widespread [I]); Bhutan [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Vietnam [I]; Laos [I]; Borneo [I]; Cambodia [I]; Moluccas [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; Thailand [I]
40 BAN bhu IND srl 41 cbd lao mya tha vie 42 bor jaw lsi mly mol 81 cub his
Synonyms: hidden
= Amomum cassumunar (Roxb.) Donn, Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 7: 1 (1812)
= Amomum montanum J.Koenig ex Retz., Obs. fasc. 3: 51 (1783)
= Amomum xanthorhiza Roxb. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 78 (1840)
= Cassumunar roxburghii Colla, Nov. Scit. Gen. 10 (1830)
= Jaegera montana (J.Koenig) Giseke, Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 203 (1792)
= Zingiber anthorrhiza Hort.Hafn. ex Horan., Prod. Scitam. 27 (1862)
= Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., As. Res. 11: 347 (1810)
= Zingiber cassumunar var. palamauense Haines, Bot. Bihar Orissa: 1144 (1924)
= Zingiber cassumunar var. subglabrum Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 315 (1861)
= Zingiber cliffordiae Andr., Bot. Rep. 9: t. 555 (1809)
= Zingiber luridum Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 284 (1812)
= Zingiber montanum (J.Koenig) Theilade, Gard. Bull. Singapore, 48(1-2): 225 (1996 publ. 1998) [isonym]
= Zingiber purpureum Roscoe, Trans. L. Soc. 8: 348 (1807)
= Zingiber purpureum var. palamauense (Haines) K.K.Khanna, Fl. Bihar, Analysis: 513 (2001)
= Zingiber xantorrhizon Hort.Hafn. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 799 (1841)
species :
Zingiber multibracteatum Holttum; Gard. Bull. Singapore, 13: 57 (1950)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Perak, Pahan)
42 MLY
variant :
var. viride Holttum; Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 58 (1950)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Tanah Rata, Pahan)
42 MLY
Remarks: known only from type
species :
Zingiber murlenica Ram.Kumar, Sushil K.Singh & S.Sharma; Phytotaxa 233(1): 80 (2015)
Distribution: India (Mizoram)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber nanlingensis Lin Chen, A.Q.Dong & F.W.Xing; Nordic J. Bot. 29(4): 431 (2011)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber natmataungense S.S.Zhou & R.Li; PhytoKeys 138: 132 (2020)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber nazrinii C.K.Lim & Meekiong; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 31 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber neesanum (Graham) Ramamoorthy; C. J. Saldanha & Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Distr. Karnataka, India: 769 (1976)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra); Myanmar (Sagaing, Yangon)
40 IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinia mesana Horan., Prod. Scitam. 27
= Alpinia neesana J.Graham, Cat. Bomb. Pl. 207 (1839)
= Zingiber macrostachyum Dalzell, Hook. Kew Journ. 4: 342 (1852)
species :
Zingiber neglectum Valeton; Bull. Inst. Buitenz. 20: 12 (1904)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Zingiber negrosense Elmer; Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 8: 2917 (1915)
Distribution: Philippines (Negros, Mindanao)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber neotruncatum T.L.Wu, K.Larsen & Turland; Novon, 10(1): 91 (2000), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Laos; Thailand; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 LAO THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber truncatum S.Q.Tong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 147-148, pl. 2, f. 4 (1987)
variant :
var. ramsawmii Lalramngh., Sawmliana, T.Jayakr. & M.Sabu; J. Jap. Bot. 96(6): 322 (2021)
Distribution: India (Mizoram)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber newmanii Theilade & Mood; Nordic J. Bot., 19(4): 407 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber nigrimaculatum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27(4): 287-288, f. 9 (1989)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber nimmonii (Graham) Dalzell; Hook. Kew Journ. 4: 341 (1852)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay); India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alpinia nimmonii J.Graham, Cat. Bomb. Pl. 206 (1839)
species :
Zingiber nitens M.F.Newman; Gard. Bull. Singapore 67(1): 124 (2015)
Distribution: Laos; Vietnam
41 LAO VIE
species :
Zingiber niveum Mood & Theilade; Plantsman, n. s., 1: 21 (2002)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand
41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber nudicarpum D.Fang; Guihaia 2(3): 139-140, pl. 1, f. 4 (1982)
Distribution: China (Guangxi); ?Laos
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber odoriferum Blume; Enum. Pl. Jav. 44 (1827)
Distribution: Java; Andaman / Nicobar Isl.
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber aquosum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae: 43 (1827)
= Zingiber pachystachys Valeton, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 27: 147 (1918)
variant :
var. borneense Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 27: 144 (1918)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber officinale Roscoe; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 348 (1807)
Name: Jenjibre, Jenjibre dulce; Garden Ginger
Distribution: origin unknown; Costa Rica [c]; Belize [c]; Australia [c] (Queensland [c]); Taiwan [c]; Java [c]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; tropical Africa [c]; Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Virgin Isl. [c] (St. Croix [c]); Dominica [c]; Saba [c]; Mexico [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Honduras [c]; Bolivia [c]; Panama [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Fiji [c]; China [c] (Anhui [c], Fujian [c], Guangdong [c], Guangxi [c], Guizhou [c], Hainan [c], Hebei [c], Hubei [c], Hunan [c], Jiangxi [c], Shaanxi [c], Shandong [c], Sichuan [c], Yunnan [c], Zhejiang [c]); Cambodia [c]; Japan [c]; Ryukyu Isl. [c]; South Korea [c]; Laos [c]; Myanmar [c]; Philippines [c]; Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Thailand [c]; Vietnam [c]; Cook Isl. [c] (Rarotonga [c], Mangaia [c], Aitutaki [c], Atiu [c]); Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Pohnpei [c]); Palau [c] (Koror [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Majuro [c]); Tuvalu [c]; Society Isl. [c] (Tahiti [c], Moorea [c]); Guam [c]; Rotuma Isl. [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Madagascar [c]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [c]; Mozambique [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Nepal [c]; Pakistan [c]; New Guinea [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Principe Isl. [c]; São Tomé [c]; Equatorial Guinea [c]; Guinea [c]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [c]
22 gui 23 bio eqg pri sao zai 26 moz 29 mau mdg reu 36 chi 38 jap kor nns tai 40 ind ldv nep pak srl 41 and cbd lao mya ncb tha vie 42 jaw nwg phi 50 aus 60 fij rot tuv 61 coo sci 62 gum mic mrs plu 79 mex 80 blz cos hon nic pan 81 cub dom his pue sab trt vir 82 clm 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Amomum angustifolium Salisb., Prod. 4 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Amomum zingiber L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753)
= Zingiber aromaticum Noronha, Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: (1790) ed. I. Art. 4: 28
= Zingiber aromaticum Valeton, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 131 (1918)
= Zingiber cholmondeleyi (F.M.Bailey) K.Schum., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 46: 172 (1904)
= Zingiber missionis Wall., Cat. n. 6565 (1832)
= Zingiber missionis Wall., Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 246 (1892)
= Zingiber officinale f. macrorhizonum (Makino) Hiroë, Pl. Basho´s & Buson ´s Hokku Lit., 8(1): 258 (1971)
= Zingiber officinale f. rubens (Makino) Hiroë, Pl. Basho ´s & Buson ´s Hokku Lit., 8(1): 258 (1971)
= Zingiber officinale var. cholmondeleyi F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 6: 498 (1900)
= Zingiber officinale var. macrorhizonum Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 8: 45 (1933)
= Zingiber officinale var. rubens Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 8: 45 (1933)
= Zingiber officinale var. rubrum Theilade, Gard. Bull. Singapore, 48(1-2): 218 (1996 publ. 1998)
= Zingiber officinale var. sichuanense (Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang & S.X.Chen) Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang & S.X.Chen, Fl. Sichuanica, 10: 624 (1992)
= Zingiber sichuanense Z.Y.Zhu, S.L.Zhang & S.X.Chen, Bull. Sichuan Sch. Chinese Mater. Med., 1987(1): 39 (1987)
= Zingiber zingiber (L.) H.Karst., Deutsch. Fl. ed. 2, 1: 488 (1895)
species :
Zingiber olivaceum Mood & Theilade; Plantsman, n. s., 1: 22 (2002)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber orbiculatum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 463-464, f. 3 (1987)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Laos; Thailand
36 CHI 41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber ottensii Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 136 (1918)
Distribution: Java; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra
41 THA 42 JAW MLY SUM
species :
Zingiber pachysiphon B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 29: 154 (1969)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber panduratum Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 1 (1814), nomen; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 1: 53 (1820); Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 1: 55 (1832)
Distribution: Myanmar (Bago, Taninthayi, Yangon); Thailand
41 MYA THA
species :
Zingiber papuanum Valeton; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 135 (1918)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Zingiber pardocheilum Wall. ex Baker; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 245 (1892)
Distribution: Myanmar; Thailand
41 MYA THA
species :
Zingiber parishii Hook.fil.; Bot. Mag. t. 6019 (1873)
subspecies :
subsp. parishii
Distribution: Myanmar (Taninthayi); Thailand; Andaman Isl.
41 AND MYA THA
subspecies :
subsp. phuphanense Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 62 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber pauciflorum L.Bai, Skornick., D.Z.Li & N.H.Xia; Nordic J. Bot. 36(3)-e01534: 2 (2017)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber paucipunctatum D.Fang; Guihaia, 16(1): 6 (1996)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber pellitum Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 150 (1906)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam; Cambodia
41 CBD LAO THA VIE
species :
Zingiber pendulum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 17(4): 342 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber peninsulare Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(4): 401 (1999)
Distribution: Thailand; Laos
41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber perenense Odyuo, D.K.Roy, Lyngwa & A.A.Mao; Thailand Nat. Hist. Mus. J. 13(1): 3 (2019)
Distribution: India (Nagaland)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber petiolatum (Holttum) Theilade; Gard. Bull. Singapore, 48(1-2): 232 (1996 publ. 1998)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Pahan, Selangor); Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber gracile var. petiolatum Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 64 (1950)
species :
Zingiber pherimaense Biseshwori & Bipin; Phytotaxa 178(3): 221 (2014)
Distribution: India (Nagaland)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber phillippsiae Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 520 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber phumiangense Chaveer. & Mokkamul; Taiwania 52(2): 160 (2007)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber pleiostachyum K.Schum.; Pflanzer 20(IV. 46): 185 (1904)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Zingiber plicatum Skornick. & Q.B.Nguyen; Phytotaxa 219(3): 211 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber popaense Nob.Tanaka; Makinoa, n. s. 10: 160 (2012)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber porphyrochilum Y.H.Tan & H.B.Ding; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 57: 197, fig. 1 (2020)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Remarks: described from cultivated material
species :
Zingiber porphyrosphaera K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Zingib. 175 (1904)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber procumbens Nob.Tanaka & M.M.Aung; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 48(1): 18 (2022)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber pseudopungens R.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 45(3): 413 [1988] (1989)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber pseudosquarrosum L.J.Singh & P.Singh; Nordic J. Bot. 34(4): 423 (2016)
Distribution: Andaman Isl.
41 AND
species :
Zingiber puberulum Ridl.; Journ. As. Soc. Straits, 32: 130 (1899)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Trengganu, Penang Isl., Perak, Pahan, Selangor, Johor); Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
variant :
var. borneense R.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 45(3): 419 [1988] (1989)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak)
42 BOR
variant :
var. chryseum (Ridl.) Holttum; Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 62 (1950)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Pahan, Johor)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber chryseum Ridl., Journ. As. Soc. Straits, I. 149 (1908)
variant :
var. ovoideum Holttum; Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 62 (1950)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Perak, Pahan); peninsular Thailand; Singapore
41 THA 42 MLY SNG
Conservation Status: endangered (Singapore)
species :
Zingiber pubisquama Ridl.; Philipp. Journ. Sci. 4: 169 (1909)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber purpureoalbum Nob.Tanaka & M.M.Aung; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 46(1): 40 (2020)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber pyroglossum Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 62 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber raja C.K.Lim & Kharuk.; Folia Malaysiana 4: 69 (2003)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia; peninsular Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
species :
Zingiber recurvatum S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 470-471, f. 8 (1987)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber reflexum Nob.Tanaka & M.M.Aung; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 46(1): 43 (2020)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Zingiber roseum (Roxb.) Roscoe; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 348 (1807)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya Odisha, Uttarakhand); Thailand; Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan, Yangon); Bangladesh; Cambodia; Vietnam
36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 CBD MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Amomum roseum Roxb., Pl. Coromandel pl. 126 (1800)
species :
Zingiber rubens Roxb.; As. Res. 11: 348 (1810)
Distribution: Myanmar (Mandalay, Yangon); India (Assam, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia
40 BAN IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE
species :
Zingiber rufopilosum Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 49: 249 (1903)
Distribution: N-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber sabuanum K.M.P.Kumar & A.Joe; Phytotaxa 247(1): 92 (2016)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber sabun C.K.Lim; Folia Malaysiana 15(1): 25 (2014)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber sadakornii Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 64 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber shuanglongensis C.L.Yeh & S.W.Chung; J. Syst. Evol. 50(2): 168 (2012)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Zingiber sianginensis Tatum & A.K.Das; Pleione 10: 169 (2016)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Zingiber simaoense Y.Y.Qian; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 18: 284 (1998)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber singapurense Skornick.; Gard. Bull. Singapore 66(2): 154 (2014)
Distribution: Singapore
42 SNG
species :
Zingiber sirindhorniae Triboun & Keerat.; Thailand Nat. Hist. Mus. J. 10(1): 2 (2016)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber skornickovae N.S.Lý; Phytotaxa 265(2): 140 (2016)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber smilesianum Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 403 (1912)
Distribution: Thailand; ?Lesser Sunda Isl.
41 THA
species :
Zingiber spectabilis Griff.; Notul. 3: 413 (1853)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl., Trengganu, Perak, Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan); Thailand; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Colombia [I]; Honduras [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I])
29 cgs 41 AND THA 42 MLY 80 hon 82 clm
species :
Zingiber squarrosum Roxb.; As. Res. 11: 348 (1810)
Distribution: Andaman Isl. (South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay, Yangon)
41 AND MYA
species :
Zingiber stenostachys K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Zingib. 175 (1904)
Distribution: Borneo (Kalimantan)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber striolatum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 262-263 (1900)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber didymoglossa K.Schum., Pflanzer 20(IV. 46): 186 (1904)
= Zingiber emeiense Z.Y.Zhu, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 6(2): 185, pl. 1 (1984)
= Zingiber hupehense Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s., 17(2): 244-245 (1910)
= Zingiber liangshanense Z.Y.Zhu
species :
Zingiber subroseum Docot; Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(2): 469 (2019)
Distribution: Philippines
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber sulphureum Burkill ex Theilade; Curtis´s Bot. Mag., 12(2): 75 (1995)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Pahan)
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber sylvaticum Elmer; Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 8: 2919 (1915)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes, Negros)
42 PHI
species :
Zingiber tamii N.S.Lý & Skornick.; Taiwania 66(2): 236 (2021)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber tenuifolium L.Bai, Skornick. & N.H.Xia; Phytotaxa 227(1): 92 (2015)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber tenuiscapus Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 65 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber teres S.Q.Tong & Y.M.Xia; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 468-470, f. 7 (1987)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber thorelii Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 54: 169 (1907)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand
41 LAO THA
species :
Zingiber tongtak K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Zingib. 177 (1904)
Distribution: trop. Asia
species :
Zingiber tuanjuum Z.Y.Zhu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 6: 187 (1984)
Distribution: China (C-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber ultralimitale Ardiyani & A.D.Poulsen; Gard. Bull. Singapore 69(2): 193 (2017)
subspecies :
subsp. ultralimitale
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
subspecies :
subsp. matarombeoense Ardiyani & Ardi; Phytotaxa 527(1): 34 (2021)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Zingiber vanlithianum Koord.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 1: 188 (1918)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Zingiber velutinum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 519 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber ventricosum L.Bai, Skornick., N.H.Xia & Y.S.Ye; Phytotaxa 261(2): 102 (2016)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber vinosum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot, 17(4): 337 (1997)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber viridiflavum Mood & Theilade; Nordic J. Bot., 19(5): 514 (1999)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah)
42 BOR
species :
Zingiber vittacheilum Triboun & K.Larsen; Thai J. Bot. 6(1): 65 (2014)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Zingiber vuquangense N.S.Lý, T.H.Lê, T.H.Trinh, V.H.Nguyen & N.D.Do; Phytotaxa 388(4): 297 (2019)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber wandingense S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 143-144, f. 3 (1987)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber wightianum Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 315 (1859)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber squarrosum Wight, Ic. t. 2004 (1853)
species :
Zingiber wrayi Prain ex Ridl.; J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 41: 31 (1904)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Trengganu, Perak, Pahan, Johor); peninsular Thailand
41 THA 42 MLY
variant :
var. halabala C.K.Lim; Folia Malaysiana 2: 50 (2001)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Zingiber xishuangbannaense S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(6): 461-463, f. 2 (1987)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber yersinii Skornick., H.Ð.Tran & Rybková; Phytotaxa 219(3): 217 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Zingiber yingjiangense S.Q.Tong; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 25(2): 142-143, f. 2 (1987)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Zingiber yunnanense S.Q.Tong & X.Z.Liu; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 13: 27-29, f. 1 (1991)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan); Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
species :
Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm.; Exot. Bot. 2: 105, t. 112 (1806); et in Trans. L. Soc. 8: 348 (1807)
subspecies :
subsp. zerumbet
Name: Jengibre amargo (ES); Bitter ginger (EN)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Myanmar [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Singapore [I]; Sulawesi [I]; New Guinea [I]; Australia [I] (N-Queensland [I]); Taiwan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Java; tropical Africa [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; St. Lucia [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Fiji [I]; China [I] (Guangdong [I], Guangxi [I], Yunnan [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Thailand [I]; Cambodia [I]; Laos [I]; Vietnam [I]; American Samoa [I] (Manua Isl. [I], Tutuila [I], Aunu?u [I], Ofu [I], Olosega [I], Ta?u [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I], Palmerston [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Tahuata [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ifaluk [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Dublon [I], Tol [I], Ulalu [Romonum] [I], Pohnpei [I], Satawan [I]); Niue [I]; Northern Marianas [I] (Anatahan [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Palau [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I], Moorea [I], Tahaa [I]); Guam [I]; Tonga [I] (Late Isl. [I], Tongatapu [I], ´Eua [I], Vava´u [I], Tafahi [I], Niuatoputapu [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Makatea Isl. [I]); [Western] Samoa [I] (Aleipata Isl. [I], Upolu [I], Savaii [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Rurutu [I], Raivavae [I], Rapa Iti [I]); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Madagascar [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I] (South Hilo District)); Rotuma Isl. [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I]); Nicobar Isl. [I] (North Nicobars [I]); Nepal [I]; Philippines [I]; Borneo [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I]); Trinidad & Tobago [I]
23 bio 29 mau mdg reu 36 chi 38 nns tai 40 IND nep srl 41 cbd lao mya ncb tha vie 42 bor JAW mly nwg phi sng sul 50 aus 60 asa fij nue nwc rot sam ton 61 aui coo mrq pit sci tua 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu 63 haw 78 usa 81 cub his pue stl trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Amomum spurium (J.Koenig) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. 2: 6 (1791)
= Amomum sylvestre Poir., Encyc. Suppl. 5: 548 (1817)
= Amomum zerumbet L., Sp. PI.: 1 (1753)
= Amomum zingiber Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2
= Cardamomum spurium (J.Koenig) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 687 (1891)
= Dietrichia lampujang Giseke, Prael. L. 199 (1792)
= Dietrichia lampuyang Giseke, Prael. L. 208 (1792)
= Dietrichia major Raeusch., Nom. ed. III. 1 (1797)
= Dietrichia minor Raeusch, Nom. ed. III. 1 (1797)
= Dietrichia spuria (J.Koenig) Giseke, Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 199 (1792)
= Zerumbet zingiber T.Lestib., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 15: 329 (1841)
= Zingiber amaricans Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae: 43 (1827)
= Zingiber aromaticum Valeton, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 27: 131 (1918)
= Zingiber blancoi Hassk., Flora, 47: 20 (1864)
= Zingiber darceyi H.J.Veitch, Cat. 1890: 13 (1890)
= Zingiber littorale (Valeton) Valeton, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. II. 27: 135 (1918)
= Zingiber ovoideum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae: 43 (1827)
= Zingiber sylvestre Garsault, Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 34 b (1764)
= Zingiber spurium J.Koenig, Retz. Obs. 3: 60 (1783)
= Zingiber truncatum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 68 (1812)
= Zingiber zerumbet var. littoralis Valeton, Icon. Bogor. 3: t. 250 (1907)
= Zingiber zerumbet var. magnum Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 2922 (1919)
= Zingiber zerumbet var. valenzuelae Oliveros & Cantoria, Philippine J. Sci., 111(3-4): 105 (1982), without latin descr. or type
= Zingiber zerumbet f. australiense Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 15: 782 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. cochinchinense (Gagnep.) Triboun & K.Larsen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 45(3): 404 (2007)
Distribution: Vietnam; Cambodia
41 CBD VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Zingiber cochinchinense Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 54: 167 (1907)
species :
Zingiber zhuxiense G.X.Hu & S.Huang; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(3-4): 146 (2015)
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


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Covering 354,190 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,175 names


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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