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Ver. 14.9
February 4th, 2023

333.0000 Family Malvaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. : 271 (1789), nom. cons.
249 genera, ca. 5400 spp.
Species listed in database: 5471; hybrids: 37
= Berryaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: xxxvii (2001), Family
= Bombacaceae Kunth; Malvac., Büttner., Tiliac.: 5 (1822), nom. cons.
= Brownlowiaceae Cheek; Kew Bull. 61: 443 (2006)
= Byttneriaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 540 (1814), nom. cons.
= Chiranthodendraceae A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 303 (1887)
= Dombeyaceae Desf.; Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3: 252 (1829), nom. cons.
= Durionaceae Cheek; Kew Bull. 61: 443 (2006)
= Grewiaceae Doweld & Reveal; Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 100 (2005)
= Helicteraceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 264 (1858), Family
= Hermanniaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 52 (1820)
= Hibiscaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 275 (1858)
= Lasiopetalaceae Rchb.; Mag. Aesth. Bot. 1(2): ad t. 37 (1823)
= Mansoniaceae A.Chev.; Just’s Bot. Jahreber. 38(1): 852 (1913)
= Melochiaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 271 (1858)
= Pentapetaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 222 (1820)
= Philippodendraceae A.Juss.; V. V. D. d’Orbigny, Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 9: 735 (1847)
= Plagianthaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 272 (1858)
= Sidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 222 (1820)
= Sparmanniaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 260 (1858)
= Theobromataceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 264 (1858)
= Tiliaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. : 289 (1789), nom. cons., Family
333.6003 Genus Cola Schott & Endl.; Meletem. 33 (1832)
Distribution: Tropical Africa
Species listed in database: 129
= Bichea Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 564 (1812)
= Braxipis Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 72 (1838)
= Chlamydocola (K.Schum.) M.Bodard; J. Agric. Trop. & Bot. Appliq. 1: 313 (1954)
= Colaria Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 73 (1838)
= Courtenia Bennett & R.Br.; Pterocymbium: 236 (1844)
= Edwardia Raf.; Specch. 1: 158 (1814), ex DC. Prod. 2: 92 (1825)
= Icosinia Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 75 (1838)
= Ingonia Pierre ex M.Bodard; J. Agric. Trop. & Bot. Appliq. 2: 528 (1955)
= Lunanea DC.; Prod. 2: 92 (1825)
= Siphoniopsis H.Karst.; Fl. Columb. 1: 139 (1861)
species :
Cola acuminata (P.Beauv.) Schott & Endl.; Meletem. 83 (1832)
Name: Kleiner Kolabaum (DE), Nuez de cola (ES); Cola nut (EN)
Distribution: Nigeria; Benin; Togo; Central African Republic; Congo [Brazzaville]; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Ivory Coast; Gabon; Angola; Jamaica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Cuba [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Guam [I]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [I]; Sumatra [I]; Sulawesi [I]; Honduras [I]
22 BEN IVO NGA TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON GAB PRI SAO 26 ANG 40 ind srl 42 sul sum 62 gum 80 hon 81 cub his jam pue trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea acuminata (P.Beauv.) Farw.; Drugg. Circ. 61: 231 (1917)
= Bichea solitaria Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 565 (1812)
= Bichea sulcata Pierre ex A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr Trop. Franc. 6: 129 (1911)
= Braxipis grandiflora Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 72 (1838)
= Clompanus longifolia Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 78 (1891)
= Cola acuminata var. grandiflora (Vent.) K.Schum.; Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 125 (1900)
= Cola acuminata var. kamerunensis K.Schum.; Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 125 (1900)
= Cola acuminata var. trichandra K.Schum.; Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 125 (1900)
= Cola grandiflora (Vent.) Schott & Endl.; Melet. Bot.: 33 (1832)
= Cola ledermannii Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 562 (1912)
= Cola macrocarpa (G.Don) Schott & Endl.; Melet. Bot. 33 (1832)
= Cola pseudoacuminata Engl.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Afr. 3: II. (Engl. & Drude, Veg. der Erde, 9) 465(1921)
= Colaria acuminata (P.Beauv.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 73 (1838)
= Edwardia acuminata (P.Beauv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Edwardia lurida Raf.; Specch. 1: 158 (1814), ex DC. Prod. 2: 92 (1825)
= Helicteres paniculata Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 531 (1790)
= Icosinia paniculata (Lour.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 75 (1838)
= Lunanea bichy DC.; Prod. 2: 92 (1825)
= Siphoniopsis monoica H.Karst.; Fl. Columb. 1: 139 (1861)
= Southwellia longifolia Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 73 (1838)
= Sterculia acuminata P.Beauv.; Fl. Owar. 1: 41. t. 24 (1805)
= Sterculia grandiflora Vent.; Jard. Malm. sub t. 91 (1805)
= Sterculia macrocarpa G.Don; Gen. Syst. 1: 515 (1831)
species :
Cola altissima Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 594 (1907)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; ?Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Togo
22 NGA TOG 23 CAF CMN GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola bequaertii De Wild.; Ann. Soc. Sc. Brux. xl. 1. 189 (1921)
species :
Cola angustifolia K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 115 (1900)
Distribution: Sierra Leone
22 SIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola rolandi-principis A.Chev.,; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 255 (1928)
species :
Cola anomala K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 134 (1900)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
species :
Cola argentea Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 224 (1868)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
22 NGA 23 CMN EQG GAB
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola talbotii Baker fil.; Cat. Pl. Oban 11 (1913)
= Edwardia argentea (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 79 (1891)
species :
Cola attiensis Aubrév. & Pellegr. ex Aubrév. & Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 92: 255 (1946), latine.
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Gabon; Central African Republic; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 IVO 23 CAF CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola attiensis Aubrév. & Pellegr.; Aubrév. Fl. Forest. Ivory Coast, 2: 244 (1936), gallice
species :
Cola baldwinii Jongkind; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 146(2): 248 (2013)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia
22 GUI LBR SIE
species :
Cola ballayi Cornu ex Tschirch & O.Oesterle; Anat. Atlas Pharmacog. 347 (1900), A. Chev., Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 6: 139
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Central African Republic; Cameroon; Angola
23 CAF CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola acuminata var. ballayi (Cornu ex Heckel) K.Schum.1900 Monogr.Afrik.Pflanzen-Fam.5: 125 (1900)
= Cola ballayi Cornu ex Heckel; Ann. Inst. Bot. Geol. Marseille, 1: 101 et 104 fig. 9 (1893)
= Cola ballayi K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 3: 13 (1900)
= Cola subverticillata De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[1]: 53 (1907)
species :
Cola bilenguensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 201 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola ficifolia var. bilenguensis (Pellegr.) Halle
species :
Cola bodardii Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 189 (1951)
Distribution: Cameroon; Gabon
23 CMN GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola attiensis var. bodardii (Pellegr.) N.Hallé; Fl. Gabon 2: 74 (1961), no basionym ref.
species :
Cola boxiana Brenan & Keay; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 36: t. 3529 (1956)
Distribution: Ghana
22 GHA
species :
Cola brevipes K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 119 (1900)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 NGA 23 CMN CON GAB ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola brevipes var. hirsuta N.Hallé ex R.Germ.; Fl. Congo Belge 10: 286 (1963)
= Cola flavescens Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 593 (1907)
= Cola flavescens var. hirsuta Pellegr.; Mém. Publiés Soc. Bot. France 1950-1951: 35, 39 (1951), anglice
= Cola numbi Exell; J. Bot., 65: Suppl. 1, 38 (1927)
species :
Cola bruneelii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. V. 2: 305 (1908)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola mengei De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 391 (1914)
= Cola monponensis De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 304 (1908)
species :
Cola buesgenii Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 328 (1911)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1909
species :
Cola buntingii Baker fil.; Cat. Talbots Nigerian Pl. 12 (1913)
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast
22 IVO LBR
species :
Cola cabindensis Exell; J. Bot., 65: Suppl. 1, 39 (1927)
Distribution: Cabinda; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CAB CON
species :
Cola caricifolia (G.Don) K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 111 (1900)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Angola; Congo [Brazzaville]; Togo; Guinea
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR SIE TOG 23 CON 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola afzelii (R.Br.) Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 223 (1868)
= Cola dewevrei De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 38(2, Comp. Rend.): 184 (1900)
= Courtenia afzelii R.Br.; Benn. Pl. Jav. Rar. 236 (1844)
= Edwardia caricifolia (G.Don) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Sterculia caricifolia G.Don; Gen. Syst. 1: 517 (1831)
species :
Cola cauliflora Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 221 (1868)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; ?Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 NGA 23 CMN CON EQG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea micrantha (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
= Cola micrantha K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 307 (1899)
= Edwardia cauliflora (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Sterculia cauliflora (Mast.) Roberty; Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire, 15: 1402 (1953), nom. illeg.
species :
Cola cecidiifolia Cheek; Kew Bull. 57: 406 (2002)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN CR (Cameroon)
species :
Cola cheringoma Cheek; Kew Bull. 74(4)-52: 9 (2019)
Distribution: Mozambique
26 MOZ
species :
Cola chlamydantha K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 112 (1900)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; ?Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Central African Republic; Cameroon; Gabon
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE 23 CAF CMN CON GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlamydocola chlamydantha (K.Schum.) M.Bodard; J. Agrio. Trop. & Bot. Appliq. 1: 313 (1954)
= Cola flamignii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 3[2]: 229 (1910)
= Cola lescrauwaetii De Wild.; Compagnie du Kasai 353 (1910)
= Cola mirabilis A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 5: 249 (1909)
= Sterculia mirabilis (A.Chev.) Roberty; Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire, 15: 1402 (1953)
species :
Cola chlorantha F.White; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 60(1-2): 83 (1990)
Distribution: N-Malawi
26 MLW
species :
Cola clavata Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 222 (1868)
Distribution: S-Malawi; N-Mozambique; S-Somalia
24 SOM 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Edwardia clavata (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
species :
Cola coccinea Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 558 (1912)
Distribution: N-Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1910
species :
Cola congolana De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 38(2, Comp. Rend.): 181 (1900)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda
23 CON ZAI 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola bracteata De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 522 (1922)
variant :
var. puberula R.Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 413 (1962)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola cordifolia (Cav.) R.Br.; Benn. Pl. Jav. Rar. 237 (1844)
Distribution: Gambia; Guinea; S-Mali; Burkina Faso; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Guinea-Bissau; Cameroon; Central African Republic
22 BKN GAM GNB GUI MLI 23 BIO CAF CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Clompanus cordifolia (Cav.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 78 (1891)
= Cola cordifolia var. puberula A.Chev.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 31 (1908)
= Southwellia cordifolia (Cav.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. (Spach) 14: 402 (1847)
= Sterculia cordifolia Cav.; Diss. 5: 286. t. 144, f. 2 (1788)
species :
Cola crispiflora K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. 15: 136 (1893)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
23 EQG GAB
species :
Cola digitata Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 224 (1868)
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; S-Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; São Tomé; Principe Isl.; Angola
22 GHA IVO LBR NGA 23 CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola schizandra Baker fil.; Cat. Pl. Oban 13 (1913)
= Edwardia digitata (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Ingonia digitata (Mast.) M.Bodard; J. Agric. Trop. & Bot. Appliq. 2: 529 (1955)
= Sterculia digitata (Mast.) Roberty; Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire, 15: 1402 (1953), nom. illeg.
species :
Cola discoglypremnophylla Brenan & A.P.D.Jones; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 18: 2 (1946)
Distribution: SE-Tanzania; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 MOZ
species :
Cola diversifolia De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique, Compt. Rend. 38: 183 (1899)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola dorrii Cheek; Kew Bull. 73(2)-25: 3 (2018)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Cola duparquetiana Baill. ex Heckel; Ann. Inst. bot. geol. Marseille, 1: 150 (1892)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
23 EQG GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola pugionifera K.Schum.; Engl., Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 120 (1900)
species :
Cola edeensis Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 379 (1919)
Distribution: SW-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1909
species :
Cola elegans Pierre ex Breteler; Adansonia 36(1): 117 (2014)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
species :
Cola etugei Cheek; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 153(1): 111 (2020)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Cola fibrillosa Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 560 (1912)
Distribution: SW-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1911
species :
Cola ficifolia Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 223 (1868)
Distribution: W-Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
23 BIO CMN CON EQG GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola preussii K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 120 (1900)
= Cola pugionifera K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 120 (1900)
= Edwardia ficifolia (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 79 (1891)
species :
Cola flaviflora Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 327 (1911)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
species :
Cola flavovelutina K.Schum.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 2: 306 (1899)
Distribution: Ghana; S-Nigeria; E-Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Central African Republic
22 GHA NGA 23 CAF CMN EQG GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea flavovelutina (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
= Cola arcuata Baker fil.; Rendle et al., Cat. Pl. Oban: 10 (1913)
= Cola bipindensis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 329 (1911)
= Cola gilgiana Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 331 (1911)
species :
Cola gabonensis Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 222 (1868)
Distribution: Gabon; ?Equatorial Guinea; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CAF CMN CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Edwardia gabonensis (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
species :
Cola gigantea A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: Mem. VIII. 32 (1908), et Rev. Bot. Appliq. 31: 387 (1951), descr. ampl.
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Nigeria; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Uganda; Chad; Burkina Faso
22 BEN BKN GHA IVO NGA 23 CAF ZAI 24 CHA SSU 25 UGA
variant :
var. glabrescens Brenan & Keay; Kew Bull 9: 266 (1954)
Distribution: Cameroon; Benin; Togo; Guinea
22 BEN GUI TOG 23 CMN
species :
Cola gigas Baker fil.; Cat. Talbots Nigerian Pl. 10 (1913)
Distribution: SE-Nigeria
22 NGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlamydocola gigas (Baker fil.) M.Bodard; J. Agrio. Trop. & Bot. Appliq. 1: 314 (1954)
= Cola lanata Baker fil. ex Hutch. & Dalziel; Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 256 (1928)
species :
Cola gilletii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. V. 1: 58 (1903)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 CON ZAI
species :
Cola glabra Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3530 (1956)
Distribution: SW-Nigeria
22 NGA
species :
Cola glaucoviridis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 202 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1929
species :
Cola greenwayi Brenan; Kew Bull. 1956: 144 (1956)
Name: Zulu Coshwood
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Mozambique; South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola microcarpa Brenan; Kew Bull. 1956: 147 (1956)
variant :
var. keniensis Brenan; Kew Bull. 11: 144 (1956)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Cola griseiflora De Wild.; Miss. E. Laurent, 1: 408 (1907)
Distribution: Gabon; ?Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cameroon
23 CMN GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola itambensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 97: 188 (1951)
= Cola itsoghensis Pellegr.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 1921, 27: 196 (1921)
= Cola limbengensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 188 (1951)
species :
Cola heterophylla (P.Beauv.) Schott & Endl.; Meletem. 33 (1832)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; ?Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Guinea
22 GHA GUI LBR NGA SIE 23 CAF CMN CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola humilis Pierre ex M.Bodard; Ann. Fac. Sci. Univ. Dakar 7: 88 (1962), sine descr. lat.
= Cola pynaertii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 307 (1908)
= Cola variantifolia De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 306 (1908)
= Colaria heterophyla (P.Beauv.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 73 (1838)
= Courtenia heterophylla (P.Beauv.) R.Br.; Benn. Pl. Jav. Rar. 236 (1844)
= Edwardia heterophylla (P.Beauv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Firmiana heterophylla (P.Beauv.) Pasq.; Cat. Ort. Bot. Napoli: 46 (1867)
= Sterculia heterophylla P.Beauv.; Fl. Owar. 1: t. 40 (1806)
species :
Cola hispida Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3531 (1956)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 NGA 23 CMN CON EQG GAB
species :
Cola hypochrysea K.Schum.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 2: 306 (1899)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN EN (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea hypochrysea (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
species :
Cola idoumensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 188 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola flavovelutina var. idoumensis (Pellegr.) Halle
species :
Cola kimbozensis Cheek; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Stercul. 39 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cola kodminensis Cheek; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 153(1): 114 (2020)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Cola lasiantha Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 562 (1912)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea
23 EQG
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1908
species :
Cola lastoursvillensis (M.Bodard & Pellegr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Gabon; Cameroon
23 CMN GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlamydocola lastoursvillensis (M.Bodard & Pellegr.)N.Hallé; Fl. Gabon, No. 2, 35 (1961), et Compt. Rend. We Reun. Plen. AETFAT, 373 (1962)
= Sterculia lastoursvillensis M.Bodard & Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 187 (1951)
species :
Cola lateritia K.Schum.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 2: 307 (1899)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Angola; Central African Republic
22 BEN GHA IVO LBR NGA SIE 23 CAF CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea lateritia (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
= Bichea rhodoxantha (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
= Cola lateritia var. nigerica Baker fil.; Rendle et al., Cat. Pl. Oban: 13 (1913)
= Cola rhodoxantha K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 307 (1899)
= Cola seretii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 308 (1908)
= Sterculia derumieri De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 4: 392 (1914)
variant :
var. maclaudii (A.Chev.) Brenan & Keay; Kew Bull. 9: 266 (1954)
Distribution: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Guinea
22 GUI 23 CAF CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola cordifolia var. maclaudii A.Chev.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 32 (1908)
= Cola leonensis Hutch. ex Lane-Poole; Trees, Shrubs, Herbs & Climbers of Sierra Leone 25 (1916), nomen
= Cola maclaudii (A.Chev.) Aubrév.; Fl. Forest. Côte d´Ivoire 2: 248 (1936)
species :
Cola laurifolia Mast.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 222 (1868)
Distribution: Gambia; ?Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Mali; Burkina Faso; SW-Niger; ?Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Central African Republic
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA NGR SIE 23 CAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Edwardia laurifolia (Mast.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 79 (1891)
= Sterculia laurina Roberty; Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire, 15: 1402 (1953)
species :
Cola lepidota K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. 15: 136 (1893)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon
22 NGA 23 CMN EQG GAB
species :
Cola letestui Pellegr.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 27: 445 (1921)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
species :
Cola letouzeyana Nkongm.; Bull. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia, Ser. 4, 7(3): 337 (1985 publ. 1986)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Cola liberica Jongkind; Blumea 49(2-3): 447 (2004)
Distribution: Liberia
22 LBR
species :
Cola lissachensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 203 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
species :
Cola lizae N.Hallé; Bull. Mus. Nat., B, Adansonia Ser. 4, 9(3): 232 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
species :
Cola lomensis Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 561 (1912)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1909
species :
Cola lorougnonis Aké Assi; Bull. Inst. Fond. Afr. Noire, 41(3): 483 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Cameroon
22 IVO 23 CMN
species :
Cola louisii Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 494 (1962)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola lukei Cheek; Kew Bull. 57: 417 (2002)
Distribution: NE-Tanzania (Usambara Mts.)
25 TAN
species :
Cola macrantha K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. 15: 137 (1893)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola ficifolia var. macrantha (K.Schum.) Hallé
species :
Cola mahoundensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 201 (1951)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cameroon; Central African Republic
23 CAF CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI
species :
Cola mamboana Kenfack & Sainge; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 151(2): 244 (2018)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Cola marsupium K.Schum.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 9: 68 (1891)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
22 NGA 23 BIO CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola laurentii De Wild.; Miss. Em. Laurent 1: 403 (1907)
= Cola laurentii f. integrifolia De Wild.; Miss. Ém. Laurent: 405 (1907)
= Cola laurentii f. intermedia De Wild.; Miss. Ém. Laurent: 405 (1907)
= Cola marsupium var. laurentii (De Wild.) N.Hallé; Fl. Gabon 2: 546 (1961)
species :
Cola mayimbensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 189 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1929
species :
Cola mayumbensis Exell; J. Bot., 65: Suppl. 1, 39 (1927)
Distribution: W-Cameroon; Angola; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CMN CON 26 ANG
species :
Cola megalophylla Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3532 (1956)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN EN (Cameroon)
species :
Cola metallica Cheek; Kew Bull. 57: 417 (2002)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cameroon
23 CMN CON ZAI
Conservation Status: IUCN CR (Cameroon)
species :
Cola millenii K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 313 (1903)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; SW-Nigeria; Cameroon; Benin
22 BEN GHA IVO NGA 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola togoensis Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 331 (1911)
species :
Cola minor Brenan; Kew Bull. 149 (1956)
Distribution: SE-Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Cola mossambicensis Wild; Bol. Soc. Brot., Ser. 2, 33: 39 (1959)
Distribution: S-Malawi; Mozambique
26 MLW MOZ
species :
Cola mosserayana Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 494 (1962)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1936
species :
Cola moussavoui Breteler; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 147(1): 102 (2014)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
species :
Cola nana Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 559 (1912)
Distribution: SW-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1911
species :
Cola natalensis Oliv.; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 14: t. 1390 (1882)
Name: Coshwood
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Mozambique
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
species :
Cola ndongensis Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 560 (1912)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1909
species :
Cola nigerica Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3533 (1956)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN CR (Cameroon)
species :
Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl.; Meletem. 33 (1832)
Name: Cola, Großer Kolabaum
Distribution: Liberia; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Ivory Coast; Senegal; Ghana; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Bioko Isl. [I] (Fernando Poo [I]); Gabon; Central African Republic [I]; Nigeria [I]; Togo [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Benin [I]; Java [I]; Seychelles [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I]); Jamaica [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Grenada [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Vietnam [I]; Honduras [I]
22 ben bkn GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR nga SEN tog 23 caf con GAB 29 sey 40 srl 41 vie 42 jaw 61 sci 80 hon 81 dom gdl gre jam mar stv trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea nitida (Vent.) Farw.; Amer. J. Pharm. 94: 428 (1922)
= Braxipis nitida (Vent.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 73 (1838)
= Cola acuminata var. latifolia K.Schum.; Engl., Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 127 (1900)
= Cola alba A.Chev.; Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 150: 624 (1910)
= Cola astrophora Warb.; Tropenpflanzen 6: 627 (1902)
= Cola mixta A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 6: 126 (1911)
= Cola rubra A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 6: 123 (1911)
= Cola vera K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 3: 15 (1902)
= Sterculia cola Pers.; Syn. Pl. [Pers.] 2(1): 239 (1806)
= Sterculia nitida Vent.; Jard. Malm. sub t. 91 (1805)
species :
Cola noldeae Exell & Mendonça; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 13: 315 (1939)
Distribution: N-Angola
26 ANG
Remarks: only known from the type
species :
Cola obtusa Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 559 (1912)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea
23 EQG
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1907
species :
Cola octoloboides Brenan; Kew Bull. 33(2): 283 (1978)
Distribution: SE-Kenya
25 KEN
Conservation Status: Endangered
species :
Cola pachycarpa K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. 15: 137 (1893)
Distribution: SE-Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon
22 NGA 23 CMN GAB
species :
Cola pallida A.Chev.; Vég. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franç. 6: 128 (1911)
Distribution: Ivory Coast
22 IVO
species :
Cola philipi-jonesii Brenan & Keay; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 36: t. 3534 (1956)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
species :
Cola pierlotii Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 495 (1962)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda
23 RWA ZAI
species :
Cola porphyrantha Brenan; Kew Bull. 40(1): 85 (1985)
Distribution: SE-Kenya
25 KEN
Conservation Status: Vulnerable
species :
Cola praeacuta Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3535 (1956)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN CR (Cameroon)
species :
Cola pseudoclavata Cheek; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Stercul. 43 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania; Kenya
25 KEN TAN
species :
Cola pulcherrima Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 335 (1911)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1908
species :
Cola quentinii Cheek; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Stercul. 31 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cola quintasii Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 337 (1911)
Distribution: São Tomé
23 SAO
species :
Cola reticulata A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 61: Mem. 8, 254 (1914 publ. 1917)
Distribution: Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola basaltica A.Chev.; Explor. Bot. Afrique Occ. Franc. 1: 78 (1920), nomen
= Cola johnsonii Hutch. & Dalziel; Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1928 Hutch. & Dalziel] 1: 255 (1928)
= Sterculia reticulata (A.Chev.) Roberty; Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire, 15: 1402 (1953)
species :
Cola rhynchophylla K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 119 (1900)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1899
species :
Cola ricinifolia Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 334 (1911)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 NGA 23 CMN EQG ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola viridiflora Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 334 (1911)
species :
Cola rondoensis Cheek; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Stercul. 30 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cola rostrata K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 314 (1903)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 NGA 23 CMN CON EQG GAB
species :
Cola ruawaensis Cheek; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Stercul. 34 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cola scheffleri Engl. ex K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 314 (1903)
Distribution: E-Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola scheffleri Engl.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 3: 84 (1900), nomen
= Sterculia lindensis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 592 (1907)
species :
Cola sciaphila Louis ex Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 497 (1962)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola selengana Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 498 (1962)
Distribution: N-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola semecarpophylla K.Schum.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 2: 308 (1899)
Distribution: S-Nigeria; W-Cameroon
22 NGA 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bichea semecarpophylla (K.Schum.) Kuntze; Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
species :
Cola simiarum Sprague ex Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: t. 3536 (1956)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia
22 LBR SIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola simiarum Sprague ex Lane-Poole; Trees, Shrubs, Herbs & Climbers of Sierra Leone, 25 (1916), nomen
species :
Cola sphaerocarpa A.Chev.; Vég. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franç. 6: 142 (1911)
Distribution: São Tomé
23 SAO
species :
Cola sphaerosperma Heckel; Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille 1: 154 (1893)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cola stelechantha Brenan; Kew Bull. 1956: 143 (1956)
Distribution: E-Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cola stigmatosa Breteler; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 147(1): 105 (2014)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
species :
Cola subglaucescens Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 379 (1919)
Distribution: SW-Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Cola suboppositifolia Cheek; Kew Bull. 57: 411 (2002)
Distribution: W-Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN EN (Cameroon)
species :
Cola sulcata Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 330 (1911)
Distribution: SW-Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 1908
species :
Cola supfiana Busse; Tropenpflanzen, Beih. 7: 222 (1906)
Distribution: Togo
22 TOG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cola tessmannii Engl. & K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 380 (1919)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea
23 EQG
Remarks: only known from the type collected in 900
species :
Cola triloba (R.Br.) K.Schum.; Monogr. Afrik. Pflanzen-Fam. 5: 119 (1900)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Guinea
22 GUI IVO SIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Courtenia triloba R.Br.; Pterocymbium: 236 (1844)
species :
Cola tsandensis Pellegr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 97: 202 (1951)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
species :
Cola uloloma Brenan; Kew Bull. 150 (1956)
Distribution: SE-Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Cola umbratilis Brenan & Keay; Hook. Ic. Pl. 36: 1 (3537) (1956)
Distribution: Ghana
22 GHA
species :
Cola urceolata K.Schum.; Engl. Monogr. Afr. Pfl. 5: 114 (1900)
Distribution: Gabon; ?Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cameroon
23 CAF CMN GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cola longifolia De Wild.; Miss. Em. Laurent 1: 407 (1907)
= Cola nalaensis De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 307 (1908)
= Cola nalaensis f. variifolia De Wild.; Études Fl. Bangala & Ubangi: 231, 349 (1911)
= Cola yambuyaensis De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 2[3]: 309 (1908)
species :
Cola usambarensis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 595 (1907)
Distribution: NE-Tanzania
25 TAN
Conservation Status: Endangered
species :
Cola vandersmisseniana Germ.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 500 (1962)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Cola verticillata (Thonn.) Stapf ex A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 6: 136 (1911)
Distribution: Ghana; ?Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cabinda; Central African Republic
22 GHA NGA 23 CAB CAF CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Sterculia verticillata Thonn.; Schumach. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 240 (1827)
= Cola johnsonii Stapf ex A.Chev.; Veg. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franc. 6: 136 (1911)
species :
Cola welwitschii Exell & Mendonça; Carrisso, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 204 (1951), in clavi, et ex Germ., Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 32: 500 (1962)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; W-Angola
23 CON ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Edwardia heterophylla Hiern; Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 85 (1896), pro parte quoadspec. Welw., non Kuntze
species :
Cola winkleri Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 333 (1911)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cola zemagoana Kenfack & D.W.Thomas; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 151(2): 242 (2018)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.9 (February 4th, 2023)

Covering 354,334 valid species, 9,351 hybrids, 51,522 valid infraspecific taxa and 942,725 synonyms,
in total 1,357,932* names

[*about 60,000 mostly very old, "unplaced" names cannot be assigned and are deliberately omitted]


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 30 years independently from other databases

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