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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

453.0000 Family Rubiaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 196 (1789), nom. cons.
589 genera, ca. 14.200 spp. mostly tropics, comparably few temperate
Species listed in database: 14355; hybrids: 45
= Aparinaceae Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 2: 3, 38 (1813–1829)
= Asperulaceae Cham. ex Spenn., Handb. Angew. Bot. 2: 493 (1835)
= Catesbaeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 111 (1820)
= Cephalanthaceae Raf., Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 6: 86 (1820)
= Cinchonaceae Batsch, Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 234 (1802)
= Coffeaceae Batsch, Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 233 (1802)
= Coutareaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Dialypetalanthaceae Rizzini & Occhioni, Lilloa 17: 253 (1948), nom. cons.
= Galiaceae Lindl., Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 249 (1836)
= Gardeniaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 29, 32 (1829)
= Guettardaceae Batsch, Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 235 (1802)
= Hameliaceae Mart., Consp. Regn. Veg.: 31 (1835)
= Hedyotidaceae Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 57 (1822)
= Henriqueziaceae Bremek., Acta Bot. Neerl. 6 (Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 141): 371 (1957)
= Houstoniaceae Raf., Good Book: 21 (1840)
= Hydrophylacaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 318 (1820)
= Lippayaceae Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 156, Comm. 112 (1838)
= Lygodisodeaceae Bartl., Ord. Nat. Pl.: 123, 207 (1830)
= Naucleaceae Wernham, New Phytol. 11: 225 (1912)
= Nonateliaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 420 (1820)
= Operculariaceae Juss. ex Perleb, Vers. Arzneikr. Pfl.: 207 (1818)
= Pagamaeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 447 (1820)
= Psychotriaceae F.Rudolphi, Syst. Orb. Veg.: 49 (1830)
= Randiaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 534 (1820)
= Sabiceaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 555 (1820)
= Spermacoceaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 256 (1820)
= Theligonaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 15, 17 (1829), nom. cons.
453.2744 Genus Galium L.; Sp. Pl. 105 (1753)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan, but chiefly temp. regions. The genus remains polyphyletic and will need further split in the future. Sections Aparinoides, Depauperata, G. maximowiczii and G. paniculatum will be separate genera.
Species listed in database: 634; hybrids: 27
= Aparinanthus Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparine Guett., Hist. Acad. R. Sci. Par. (1750), et in Mem. 189 (1754)
= Aparinella Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 397 (1868)
= Aspera Columna ex Moench, Meth. 641 (1794)
= Bataprine Nieuwland, Amer. Midland Nat. 1: 264 (1910)
= Chlorostemma Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 398 (1868)
= Eyselia Neck., Elem. 1: 199 (1790)
= Relbunium (Endl.) Benth. & Hook.fil., Gen. 2: 149 (1873)
= Trichogalium Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, 16: 396 (1868)
species :
Galium abaujense Borbás; Abaui-Torna Vármegye Fl. 444 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. abaujense
Distribution: C-Romania; Slovakia; Hungary; Ukraine
11 HUN SLO 13 ROM 14 UKR
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium abaujense ssp. vertesense (Boros) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 83: 168 (1972)
= Galium pycnotrichum var. vertesense (Boros) Michalk., Biologia (Bratislava) 48: 48 (1993)
subspecies :
subsp. polonicum (Blocki) Soó; Feddes Repert., 83(3). 168 (1972)
Distribution: SE-Poland; NW-Ukraine; Lithuania
11 POL 14 LIT UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ×polonicum Blocki, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 37: 189 (1887)
= Galium abaujense ssp. polonicum (Blocki) Soó
= Galium aristatum var. polonicum (Blocki) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
species :
Galium achurense Grossh.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 13: 25 (1950)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Armenia
33 ARM AZE
species :
Galium acrophyum Hochst. ex Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 69 (1911)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; ?Sudan
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium simense Hochst. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 344 (1848), nom. superfl.
= Galium hochstetteri Pic.Serm., Webbia 7: 339 (1950)
= Galium simense var. hysophilum R.E.Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., III, 25(5): 79 (1948)
= Galium simense var. keniense R.E.Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., III, 25(5): 79 (1948)
species :
Galium acuminatum Ball; Journ. Bot. 11: 334 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Galium acutum Edgew.; Tr. L. S. 20: 61 (1846)
Distribution: N-India (Poonch, Sikkim); Nepal; S-Tibet; ?China (?Sichuan, ?Yunnan)
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asperifolium var. setosum Cufod., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 240 (1940)
= Galium floribundum Jacquem. ex Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 208 (1881)
variant :
var. himalayense (Klotzsch & Garcke) R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(2): 195 (1996)
Distribution: India; Nepal; Tibet; ?China (?Sichuan)
36 TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium himalayense Klotzsch, B. Reise Pr. Waldem. 88, t. 73 (1862)
species :
Galium adenostictum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; in prep.
Distribution: NW-India (Chamba to Nainital)
40 IND
species :
Galium adhaerens Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 5: 106 (1856)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium aegeum (Stoj. & Kitan.) Ancev; Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk, 28(11): 1535 (1975)
Distribution: Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium firmum ssp. aegeum Stoj. & Kitam., God. Sofijsk. Univ. 42: 71 (1946)
= Galium aegeum f. pubescens Ancev, Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 28: 1535 (1975)
species :
Galium aetnicum Biv.; Stirp. Rar. Sic. Descr. 4: 21 (1816)
Distribution: C- & S-Italy; Sicily; Sardinia
12 SAR 13 ITA SIC
Remarks: lucidum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aetnense C.Presl, J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 120 (1822)
= Galium cinereum var. aetnense (C.Presl) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium lucidum var. aetnicum (Biv.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium trinacrium Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 238 (1818)
species :
Galium afropusillum Ehrend.; Sitz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat., Abt. 1, clxix. 414 (1960)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Galium agrophilum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 49 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium avascense Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 80 1986-87 (1987)
species :
Galium aladaghense Parolly; Willdenowia, 25 (1): 244 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium albescens Hook.fil.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 462b (1847)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Galium alboflorum S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 4: 34 (2021)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Galium album Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 7 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. album
Name: White bedstraw (EN), Weißes Wiesen-Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Finland [I]; Ireland [I]; Iceland [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; NW-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Siberia (W-Siberia); USA [I] (Connecticut [I])
10 DEN fin GRB ice ire nor swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA ROM SIC SLV 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 30 SIB 75 usa
Remarks: mollugo agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium album var. praticola (Heinr.Braun) Michalk., Biologia (Bratislava) 48: 48 (1993)
= Galium beckhausianum G.H.Loos, Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010)
= Galium dumetorum Jord., Pug. Pl. Nov.: 78 (1852)
= Galium elatum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 76 (1799), nom. superfl.
= Galium elatum var. dumetorum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 147 (1902)
= Galium elatum var. polyphyllum Wirtg., 220 (1857)
= Galium elatum var. umbrosum Gren., Fl. France 2: 22 (1850)
= Galium erectum Huds., Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 68 (1778), nom. superfl.
= Galium mixtum Stransky, Sborn. Balg. Akad. Nauk., Klon Prir.-Mat. 6: 134 (1921)
= Galium mollugo f. brevifrons Borbás & Heinr.Braun, Heinr. Braun, 164 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. hypotrichum Heinr.Braun, 199 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. levicaule Heinr.Braun, 199 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. longifolium Kucowa, Pawl., 324, 311 (1967)
= Galium mollugo f. praeflorens Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo f. pubescens (Schrad.) Heinr.Braun, 132 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. sepivagum Heinr.Braun, 198 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. subpubescens Heinr.Braun, 162 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. talenceanum (Gand.) Heinr.Braun, 164 (1892)
= Galium mollugo f. umbrosum Beckh., Fl. Westfalen 509 (1893)
= Galium mollugo ssp. album (Mill.) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 32: 185 (2000)
= Galium mollugo ssp. dumetorum (Jord.) E.Baumann, 456 (1911)
= Galium mollugo ssp. elatum (Thuill.) Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 313 (1868)
= Galium mollugo ssp. elatum (Thuill.) Syme, 218 (1865)
= Galium mollugo ssp. erectum Syme, J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B, 4: 217 (1865)
= Galium mollugo ssp. scabrum With. ex Hook.fil., 178 (1870)
= Galium mollugo subvar. brevifrons (Borbás & Heinr.Braun) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo subvar. levicaule (Heinr.Braun) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo subvar. pubescens (Schrad.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo subvar. subpubescens (Heinr.Braun) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo var. angustifolium Leers, Fl. Herborn 53 (1775), nom. inval.
= Galium mollugo var. angustifolium Roth, 65 (1788), nom. inval., et 182 (1789)
= Galium mollugo var. angustifolium Wallr., 55 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Galium mollugo var. bakeri Syme, 218 (1865)
= Galium mollugo var. dumetorum (Jord.) Heinr.Braun, 199 (1892)
= Galium mollugo var. dumetorum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 14 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. elatum (Thuill.) DC., Prodr. 4: 596 (1830)
= Galium mollugo var. elatum Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 89 (1836)
= Galium mollugo var. erectum (Wender.) Wirtg., 92 (1841)
= Galium mollugo var. glabratum Schltdl., 103 (1823)
= Galium mollugo var. hirtum Döll, 450 (1843)
= Galium mollugo var. hypotrichum (Heinr.Braun) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo var. latifolium Leers, 53 (1775), nom. inval.
= Galium mollugo var. latifolium Roth, 65 (1788), nom. inval., et 182 (1789)
= Galium mollugo var. latifolium Wallr., 55 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Galium mollugo var. mixtum (Stransky) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulg. 2: 1050 (1925)
= Galium mollugo var. nevadense Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 313 (1868)
= Galium mollugo var. praticola Heinr.Braun, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 42: 196 (1892)
= Galium mollugo var. pubescens Schltdl., 103 (1823)
= Galium mollugo var. pubescens Schrad., 16 (1794)
= Galium mollugo var. scabrum Schrad., 16 (1794)
= Galium mollugo var. sericeum Wirtg., 92 (1841)
= Galium mollugo var. umbrosum (Gren. & Godr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 14 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Galium mollugo var. umbrosum Jess., 84 (1879)
= Galium patzkeanum G.H.Loos, Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins 1: 121 (2010), nom. nov.
= Galium sphenophyllum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 465 (1961)
= Galium sylvestre Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 104 (1771)
subspecies :
subsp. amani Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 133(1-2): 109 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 TUE 34 LEB SYR TUR
subspecies :
subsp. prusense (K.Koch) Ehrend. & Krendl; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 68: 270 (1974)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey
13 BUL 14 KRY 33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mollugo var. anatolicum K.Koch, Linnaea 19: 31 (1846)
= Galium prusense K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 466 (1851)
= Galium fasciculatum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 467 (1961)
= Galium zelenetzkii Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 470 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. pycnotrichum (Heinr.Braun) Krendl; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 114: 539 (1967)
Name: Behaartes Weißes Wiesen-Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Poland; Albania; Greece; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Turkey
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 ALB BIH GRC NMA SLV SRB 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium album f. pubescens (Schrad.) Ancev, Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 28: 1535 (1975)
= Galium album var. petraeum (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 23: 381 (1977 publ. 1978), nom. illeg.
= Galium firmum var. euboeum Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 712 (1901)
= Galium mollugo f. pycnotrichum Heinr.Braun, Österr. Bot. Z. 42: 132 (1892)
= Galium mollugo ssp. pycnotrichum (Heinr.Braun) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 117 (1949)
= Galium mollugo subvar. pycnotrichum (Heinr.Braun) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 213 (1914)
= Galium mollugo var. petraeum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 283 (1866)
= Galium mollugo var. pubescens Schrad., Spic. Fl. Germ.: 16 (1794)
= Galium pycnotrichum (Heinr.Braun) A.Kern., A. Kern., 70 (1893)
= Galium pycnotrichum (Heinr.Braun) Borbás, Fl. Austro-Hung. 6: 70 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. suberectum (Klokov) E.Michálk.; Biología, Bot. (Czechoslovakia), 48(1): 48 (1993)
Distribution: Ukraine; ?Russia
14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium suberectum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 463 (1961)
species :
Galium amatymbicum Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. 370 (1837)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Galium ambiguum W.Wight; Zoe, 5: 55 (1900)
subspecies :
subsp. ambiguum
Name: Yolla Bolly bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. siskiyouense (Ferris) Dempster & Stebbins
Name: Siskiyou bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ambiguum var. siskiyouense Ferris
species :
Galium amblyophyllum Schrenk; Enum. Pl. Nov. 56 (1841)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Kazakhstan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 37 MON
species :
Galium amorginum Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 712 (1901)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: incurvum agg.
species :
Galium andrewsii A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 6: 1864 537 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. andrewsii
Name: Andrews´ bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. gatense (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 12 (1968)
Name: Serpentine bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium andrewsii var. gatense Dempster, Brittonia 10: 186 (1958)
subspecies :
subsp. intermedium Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 13 (1968)
Name: Phloxleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium andringitrense Homolle ex Puff; Pl. Syst. Evol., 140(1): 61 (1982)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Galium anfractum Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. Ser. II. 3: 29 (1894)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Galium anguineum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 200 (1991)
Distribution: W-Iran; C-Iran; NE-Iraq
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Galium angulosum A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 11: 74 (1876)
Distribution: Isla Guadalupe
79 GLP
species :
Galium angustifolium Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 22 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. angustifolium
Name: Narrowleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium angustifolium var. bernardinum Hilend & Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 135 (1934)
= Galium angustifolium var. diffusum Hilend & Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 135 (1934)
= Galium angustifolium var. siccatum (W.Wight) Hilend & Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 135 (1934)
= Galium siccatum W.Wight, Zoe, 5: 54 (1900)
= Galium trichocarpum Nutt., Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 22 (1841), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. borregoense Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 88 (1971)
Name: Borrego bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. foliosum (Hilend & Howell) Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 89 (1971)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium angustifolium var. foliosum Hilend & Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 134 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. gabrielense (Munz & Johnst.) Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 90 (1971)
Name: San Antonio Canyon bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gabrielense Munz & Johnst., Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 51: 299 (1924)
= Galium siccatum var. anotinum Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 962 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. gracillimum Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 90 (1971)
Name: Slender bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. jacinticum Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 92 (1971)
Name: San Jacinto bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. nudicaule Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 94 (1971)
Name: Narrowleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. onycense (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono, 21 (2): 94 (1971)
Name: Onyx Peak bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium angustifolium var. onycense Dempster, Brittonia 10: 189 (1958)
species :
Galium angustissimum (Hausskn. ex Bornm.) Ehrend.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 56: 229 (1948)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mite var. angustissimum Hausskn. ex Bornm., Beih. Bot. Centralb. 58, B: 295 (1938)
species :
Galium anisophyllon Vill.; Prosp. 20, Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 317 bis. (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. anisophyllon
Name: Ungleichblättriges Labkraut, Alpen-Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern); Poland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; France; Bulgaria; Italy; Romania; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Ukraine
11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium alpestre Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 225 (1818), nom. superfl.
= Galium anisophyllum var. hirtellum (Briq.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 219 (1914)
= Galium argenteum Rchb. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium bocconii All., Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur.: 6 (1773)
= Galium bocconii J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat.: 238 (1791), nom. illeg.
= Galium bocconii var. micranthum Duby, Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 249 (1828)
= Galium commune f. alpestre (Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 145 (1902)
= Galium commune ssp. anisophyllon (Vill.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 144 (1902)
= Galium commune subvar. rubriflorum Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 144 (1902)
= Galium commune var. oxyphyllum (Wallr.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium ehrendorferi Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, cxiv. 42 (1961)
= Galium glabrum var. anisophyllon (Vill.) Pohl, 139 (1809)
= Galium multicaule Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 33 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Galium multicaule var. eriophyllum Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 55 (1822)
= Galium multicaule var. oxyphyllum Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 55 (1822)
= Galium multicaule var. polyphyllum Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 54 (1822)
= Galium pumilum ssp. alpestre (Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult.) Schinz & Thell., 84 (1913)
= Galium pumilum ssp. tenue (Vill.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 36 (1903)
= Galium sylvestre ssp. anisophyllon (Vill.) Gremli, 218 (1874)
= Galium sylvestre ssp. puberulum Christ ex Gremli, 218 (1874)
= Galium sylvestre var. alpestre (Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 429 (1828)
= Galium sylvestre var. alpestre (Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult.) Wimm. & Grab., 126 (1827)
= Galium sylvestre var. alpestre Rhiner, 179 (1894), nom. inval.
= Galium sylvestre var. anisophyllon (Vill.) Prantl, 468 (1884)
= Galium tenue Vill., Prosp. 20 (1779)
= Galium umbellatum var. oxyphyllum (Wallr.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 141 (1902)
= Galium umbellulatum Velen., Sitz. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. 1888 37 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. plebeium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Ehrend.; A. Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 2: 323 (1991)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium anisophyllon var. plebeium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 55 (1875)
= Galium plebeium Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 2: 116 (1856)
= Galium sylvestre var. plebeium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
species :
Galium ankaratrense Homolle ex Puff; Pl. Syst. Evol., 140(1): 67 (1982)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Galium antarcticum Hook.fil.; Fl. Antarct. 303 (bis) (1846)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Aisen, Magallanes); South Georgia Isl.; Macquarie Isl.; Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL MAQ SGE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chonoense var. valdivianum (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chil. 106: 990 (1900)
= Galium debile Banks & Sol. ex Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 303 (bis) (1846)
= Galium trifidum d´Urv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 4: 612 (1826)
= Galium valdivianum Phil., Linnaea 28: 655 (1856)
species :
Galium antitauricum Ehrend.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 375 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium antuneziae Dempster; Madroño, 35 (1): 1 (1988)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Galium aparine L.; Sp. Pl. 108 (1753)
Name: Kleb-Labkraut, Kletten-Labkraut (DE); Stickywilly (EN); Raspilla cuajaleches (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Svalbard [I]; Sicily; Sweden; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Libya; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East [I]; Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; China [I]; South Korea [I]; N-India; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Guatemala [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Paraguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan; N-India (incl. Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Nepal; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.); Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Greenland; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR sva SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR SEL 23 bio 29 reu 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 chi 38 kor 40 IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 70 ASK GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 glp mex 80 gua 81 his 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 85 arg cle jnf par
Synonyms: hidden
= Aparine hispida Moench, Methodus: 640 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Aparine vulgaris Hill, Herb. Brit. 2: 149 (1770)
= Asperula aparine (L.) Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 1: 114 (1809), nom. superfl.
= Asperula aparine var. aparine (L.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 332 (1879), nom. inval. Galion aparinum (L.) St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 113 (1880)
= Asterophyllum aparine (L.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn., F. C. L. Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 3: 1077 (1829)
= Crucianella purpurea Wulff ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 448 (1840)
= Galium adhaerens Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 13 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium aparine f. hirsutum (Beckm.) Kucowa, Pawl., 323 (1967), nom. illeg.
= Galium aparine f. intermedium (Mérat) R.J.Moore, Canad. J. Bot. 53: 881 (1975)
= Galium aparine ssp. agreste P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland 4: 530 (2006)
= Galium aparine var. agreste P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Britain & Ireland 4: 530 (2006)
= Galium aparine var. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Ortega Oliv., Devesa, Muñoz Garm., Herrero & R.Gonzalo, Fl. Iber. 15: 149 (411) (2007)
= Galium aparine var. aparinella (Lange) Ortega Oliv. & Devesa, Acta Bot. Malac. 28: 209 (2003), nom. inval.
= Galium aparine var. fructibushispidis Franch., Pl. David. 1: 156 (1883)
= Galium aparine var. hirsutum Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 774 (1823)
= Galium aparine var. intermedium (Mérat) Bonnet, Petite Fl. Paris.: 191 (1883)
= Galium aparine var. marinum Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 24 (1828)
= Galium aparine var. microphyllum Clos, Gay
= Galium aparine var. minor Hook., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 290 (1833)
= Galium aparine var. pseudoaparine (Griseb.) Speg., Rev. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 526 (1897)
= Galium aparine var. subglabrum Peterm., Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 122 (1838)
= Galium aparine var. verum Wimm. & Grab., 119 (1827), nom. inval.
= Galium aparine var. vulgare Döll, 447 (1843)
= Galium asperum Honck., Verz. Gew. Teutschl.: 423 (1782), nom. illeg.
= Galium australe Reiche, Fl. Chile 3: 149 (1900), nom. superfl.
= Galium borbonicum var. makianum Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 518 (1895)
= Galium charoides Rusby, Phytologia 1: 80 (1934)
= Galium chilense Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 302 (bis) (1846)
= Galium chonosense Clos, Gay
= Galium hispidum Willd., Enum. Pl.: 154 (1809)
= Galium horridum Eckl. & Zeyh., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 370 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Galium intermedium Mérat, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 3, 2: 255 (1831), nom. superfl.
= Galium lappaceum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 59 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Galium larecajense Wernham, J. Bot. 50: 244 (1912)
= Galium parviflorum Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur.: 472 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Galium pseudoaparine Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wissensch. Göttingen 25 (1854)
= Galium scaberrimum Vahl ex Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn.: 135 (1813)
= Galium segetum K.Koch, Linnaea 17: 33 (1843)
= Galium spurium ssp. aparinella (Lange) Rivas Mart. & Castrov., An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 34(2): 555 1977 (1978)
= Galium spurium var. echinospermum Desp., Fl. Sarthe: 118 (1838)
= Galium tenerrimum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 279 (1866)
= Galium uliginosum Thunb., Fl. Jap.: 58 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Galium uncinatum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 484 (1821)
= Rubia aparine (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 373 (1880)
species :
Galium aparinoides Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 30 (1775)
Distribution: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen)
24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aparine var. hamatum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Hook.fil., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 11 (1861)
= Galium hamatum Hochst. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 345 (1847)
= Galium trachycaypum Clarke, Trav. 2: 260 (1812)
species :
Galium araucanum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 731 (1894)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium suffruticosum var. araucanum (Phil.) Reiche, Fl. Chile 3: 147 (1902)
species :
Galium arenarium Loisel.; Fl. Gall. 85 (1806)
Name: Sand-Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: N-Spain (Cantabrian coast); SW-France; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hierosolymitanum Thore, Essai Chloris: 40 (1803), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium arequipicum Dempster; Allertonia 5: 318 (1990)
Distribution: Peru; Chile (Tarapaca)
83 PER 85 CLE
species :
Galium aretioides Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 42 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium argense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia, 17: 307 (1965)
Name: Argus bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium aristatum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 152 (1762)
Name: Grannen-Labkraut (DE), Awned bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Italy; SW-France; Croatia; Belarus [I]; USA [I] (New York [I])
11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA 14 blr 75 usa
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula papillosa A.Kern. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium aristatum var. scabriusculum W.D.J.Koch, 333 (1836)
= Galium aristatum var. transsilvanicum (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium bericum Turra, Giorn. Ital. Venez. 1: 119 (1765)
= Galium erectum var. transsilvanicum (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium laevigatum var. aristatum (L.) Gren., Fl. France 2: 21 (1850)
= Galium linifolium Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 8 (1768)
= Galium mollugo var. aristatum (L.) Duby, Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 249 (1828)
= Galium stenophyllum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 283 (1866), pro syn.
= Galium sylvaticum Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 1: 219 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Galium sylvaticum ssp. aristatum (L.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 23 (1903)
= Galium transsilvanicum Schur, Verb. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 33 (1853)
species :
Galium arkansanum A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 80 (1883)
Name: Arkansas bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium arkansanum var. pubiflorum E.B.Sm., Brittonia, 31(2): 281 (1979)
species :
Galium armenum Schanzer; Bot. Zhurn., 82(3): 126 (1997)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Galium ascendens Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 1: 390 (1825)
Distribution: Colombia (Cundinamarca, Meta)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium scabrum (Kunth) Wedd., Chlor. And. 39 (1857)
= Rubia scabra Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 340 (1818)
species :
Galium aschenbornii Schauer; Linnaea 20: 701 (1847)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Nariño); Ecuador; Honduras
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium flaccidum Wedd., Chlor. Andina 2: 39 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Galium fraseri Wernham, J. Bot. 50: 244 (1912)
= Galium galeottianum Walp., Repert. 6: 17 (1846)
= Galium geminiflorum M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg. ll(1): 126 (1844)
= Galium uropetalum Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 66 (1881)
= Relbunium aschenbornii (Schauer) Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 62 (1881)
= Rubia acuminata M.Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg. ll(1): 127 (1844)
= Rubia debilis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 340 (1819), non Galium debile Desv. (1818)
species :
Galium asparagifolium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(6): 91 (1859)
Distribution: SC- & N-Greece; Turkey (W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: incurvum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aureum var. asparagifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 62 (1875)
= Galium aureum subvar. asparagifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
species :
Galium asperifolium Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 1: 381 (1820)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Dir, Hazara, Kurram, Murree); India (Nilgiri Hills, Arunachal Pradesh, Poonch, Kashmir, Sikkim); Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Sri Lanka
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK SRL 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium esquirolii Lév., Bull. Geogr. Bot., 25: 48 (1915)
= Galium lividum Jacquem. ex Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 207 (1881), pro syn.
= Galium mollugo ssp. asperifolium (Wall.) Kitam., F. & Fl. Nep. Him. 230 (1955)
= Galium parviflorum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 207 (1825)
= Galium pseudohirtiflorum H.Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 18(1): 117 (1980)
variant :
var. lasiocarpum W.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 28(4): 303-304 (1990)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. obovatum Nazim.; Fl. Pakistan, 190: 83 (1989)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
variant :
var. sikkimense (Gand.) Cufod.; Österr. B. Zeits. 89: 241 (1940)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; Sri Lanka; Pakistan; Bhutan; Nepal; Myanmar; N-India (Darjeeling, Indian Punjab, Sikkim, Chumbi, etc.)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cavaleriei H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 438 (1912)
= Galium esquirolii H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 25: 48 (1915)
= Galium sikkimense Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 66: 307 (1919) (1920)
variant :
var. verrucifructum Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 241 (1940)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Galium asperuloides Edgew.; Tr. L. S. 20: 61 (1846)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Dir, Kurram, Hazara); N-India (Poonch, Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh); Nepal; ?Tibet
34 AFG 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula consanguinea Klotzsch, B. Reise Pr. Waldem. 87, t. 74 (1862)
species :
Galium asprellum Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 78 (1803)
Name: Rough bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium micranthum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 103 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Galium pennsylvanicum Muhl. ex Schult., Roem. & Schult., Mant. 3: 183 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Galium spinulosum Raf., Précis Découv. Somiol.: 40 (1814), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium atherodes Spreng.; Syst. Nat. 4(2): 39 (1827)
Distribution: Argentina (Misiones, Santa Fe); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari); Uruguay (Rivera)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ericoides var. atherodes (Spreng.) Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 226 (1828)
= Galium filiforme Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2. 61 (1923)
= Relbunium atherodes (Spreng.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 107 (1889)
= Rubia uruguayensis Arechav., Anal. Mus. Montevideo 6: 85 (1907)
species :
Galium atlanticum Ball; J. Bot. (London) 11: 334 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco; ?Algeria
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pumilum ssp. atlanticum (Ball) Maire
= Galium sylvestre var. atlanticum (Ball) Ball
= Galium murbeckii Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 12: 44 (1921)
species :
Galium aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 40 (1843)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, C-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Galium auratum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 469 (1961)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium juzepczukii Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 719 (1958)
= Galium fagetorum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 466 (1961)
species :
Galium australe DC.; Prod. 4: 608 (1830)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium squalidum Hook.fil., Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 462b (1847)
= Galium australe var. pilosohispidum Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 447 (1867)
species :
Galium austriacum Jacq.; Fl. Austr. 1: 51 (1773)
Name: Österreicher Labkraut
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; ?Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina
11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 BIH CRO SLV
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium sylvestre var. austriacum (Jacq.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium austriacum var. balatonense Borbás, Exsicc. (Herb. Europ.) 1893: 7305 (1893)
= Galium austriacum ssp. balatonense (Borbás) Ehrend. ex Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 83: 168 (1972)
species :
Galium azerbayjanicum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 202 (1991)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; NW-Iran
33 AZE 34 IRN
species :
Galium azuayicum Dempster; Allertonia 3: 242 (1982)
Distribution: Ecuador (type only)
83 ECU
species :
Galium babadaghense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 94 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium baeticum (Rouy) Ehrend. & Krendl; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 68: 270 (1974)
Distribution: Portugal; SW-Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula pendula Boiss., Elench. Pl. Nov.: 55 (1838)
= Asperula arundana Ball ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 334 (1879), nom. nud.
= Asperula baetica Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 38: 80 (1891)
= Asperula pendula var. scaberrima Font Quer, Cavanillesia 1: 78 (1928)
= Asperula pendula var. tubifera Font Quer, Cavanillesia 1: 78 (1928)
species :
Galium baghlanense Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Fl. Iranica 176: 203 (2005)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan)
34 AFG
species :
Galium baillonii Brândzã; Anal. Acad. Romane ser. 2, 2 (2): 538 (1881)
Distribution: Romania (S-Carpathians)
13 ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium valantioides var. baillonii (Brândzã) Paucã & Nyár., T. Savulescu, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Roman. 8: 578 (1961)
species :
Galium baldense Spreng.; Pugillus 1: 10 (1813)
Name: Monte-Baldo-Labkraut
Distribution: N-Italy (S-Alps)
13 ITA
Remarks: baldense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pusillum var. baldense (Spreng.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
= Galium helveticum var. baldense (Spreng.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 153 (1889)
species :
Galium baldensiforme Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 1029 (1936)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Qinghai, Sichuan); TIbet
36 CHI
species :
Galium balearicum Briq.; Annu. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genéve 11-12: 191 (1908)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium rubrum ssp. balearicum (Briq.) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 14 (1973)
species :
Galium basalticum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 256 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium baytopianum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 254 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium belizianum Ortega Oliv., Devesa & Rodr.Riaño; Bot. Helv. 114(1): 2 (2004)
Distribution: NW-Portugal
12 POR
species :
Galium bellatulum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 472 (1961)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
species :
Galium bermudense L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 105 (1753)
Name: Coastal bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia); Bermuda; Bahamas
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 BAH BER
Synonyms: hidden
= Bataprine hispidula (Michx.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midland Nat. 1: 264 (1910)
= Galium carolinianum F.Dietr., Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 3: 429 (1817)
= Galium hispidulum Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 79 (1803)
= Galium hispidum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 104 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Galium peregrina Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Prel. Catal. (1888) 24, non Franch.
= Relbunium bermudense (L.) Britten, J. Bot. 47: 42 (1909)
= Rubia brownei Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 81 (1803), non R. Br.
= Rubia peregrina Walter, Fl. Carol.: 86 (1788), sensu auct., non L.
= Rubia rotundifolia Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 706 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Rubia techensis Raf., Fl. Ludov.: 76 (1817)
= Rubia walteri DC.
species :
Galium bifolium S.Watson; Bot. King´s Exped. 134. t. 14 (1871)
Name: Twinleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
species :
Galium bigeminum Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wissensch. Göttingen 19: 160 (1874)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Salto, San Jose, Soriano); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium bigeminum (Griseb.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 106 (1889)
species :
Galium bingoelense Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 21(2): 8 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium binifolium N.A.Wakef.; Vict. Nat. 72: 69 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. binifolium
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium umbrosum var. bifolium F.Muell., Fragm. 9: 188 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. conforme I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 88 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium vagans Hook.fil., Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 461b (1847)
species :
Galium blinii Lév.; Bull. Geogr. Bot. 1915. 25: 48 (1915)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium bodinieri Lév., Fl. Kouy. Tcheou, 366 1914 (1915)
= Galium quinatum Lév., Bull. Acad. Géog. Bot. 25: 47 (1915) et Cat. Pl. Yunnan 245 (1915)
species :
Galium boissieranum (Steud.) Ehrend. & Krendl; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 68: 270 (1974)
Distribution: S- & SC-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula boissieri Steud. ex Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 737 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Asperula boissieriana Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 151 (1840)
= Asperula effusa Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 1: 280 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Asperula eriocarpa Boiss., Elench. Pl. Nov.: 57 (1838)
= Asperula paniculata Boiss., Elench. Pl. Nov.: 56 (1838), nom. superfl.
species :
Galium bolanderi A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 7: 350 (1868)
Name: Bolander´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium arcuatum Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 395 (1897)
= Galium culbertsonii Greene, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 1: 80 (1906)
= Galium margaricoccum A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 13: 371 (1878)
= Galium pubens A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 350 (1868)
= Galium pubens var. scabridum A.Gray, Bot. California 1: 285 (1876)
= Galium subscabridum W.Wight, Zoe, 5: 56 (1900)
species :
Galium boreale L.; Sp. Pl. 108 (1753)
Name: Nordisches Labkraut (DE), Northern bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: ?Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Norway; Poland; Romania; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye, Kuril Isl.); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Sweden; Japan (Hokkaido); Mongolia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Chitral, Drosh, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Gilgit, Deosai, Astor); NW-India (Zanskar, Kashmir); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Shandong, Sichuan); Tibet; North Korea; Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 40 IND PAK 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aparine borealis (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 2: 151 (1770)
= Galium amurense Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 716 (1958)
= Galium auriense Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 310 (1868)
= Galium boreale f. hirtum Kucowa, Pawl., 324, 300 (1967)
= Galium boreale ssp. hyssopifolium (Hoffm.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 100 (1834)
= Galium boreale ssp. incurvatum (Urschler) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(2): 77 1979 (1980)
= Galium boreale ssp. linearifolium (Rydb.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 1981 (1982)
= Galium boreale ssp. septentrionale (Roem. & Schult.) H.Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 378 (1956)
= Galium boreale var. amurense (Pobed.) Kitag., Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 581 (1979)
= Galium boreale var. diffusum (Schrad. ex Link) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 208 (1831)
= Galium boreale var. glabrum Gren., 18 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Galium boreale var. glabrum Moritzi, 87 (1832)
= Galium boreale var. glabrum Q.H.Liu, Fl. Hubeiensis 3: 637 (2002), nom. illeg.
= Galium boreale var. hispidulum Spenn., Fl. Friburg.: 465 (1825)
= Galium boreale var. hyssopifolium (Hoffm.) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz, 5 (1814)
= Galium boreale var. intermedium W.D.J.Koch, 332 (1836)
= Galium boreale var. latifolium Wimm. & Grab., 122 (1827)
= Galium boreale var. linearifolium R.Uechtr., 137 (1876)
= Galium boreale var. linearifolium Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 375 (1900)
= Galium boreale var. nudum Klett & Richt., 149 (1830)
= Galium boreale var. roseum N.Coleman, Cat. Fl. Pl. S. Pen. Michigan: 18 (1874)
= Galium boreale var. scabrum DC., Prodr. 4: 601 (1830)
= Galium boreale var. scabrum Gren., 17 (1850)
= Galium boreale var. septentrionale (Roem. & Schult.) Kliphuis, Proc. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., C. 76(5): 459 (1973)
= Galium boreale var. vogesiacum (F.Gérard) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 10 (1903)
= Galium diffusum Schrad. ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 134 (1821)
= Galium mesocarpon A.Kern., Sched. Fl. Austro-Hung. 6: 67 (1893)
= Galium nervosum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 378 (1779)
= Galium orbibracteatum Chaub., J. F. B. de Saint-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 66 (1821)
= Galium rubioides var. latifolium Freyn, Österr. Bot. Z. 45: 342 (1895)
= Galium rubioides Willd. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 411 (1844), nom. inval.
= Galium schilkense Popov, Fl. Centr. Sibir. 2: 685 (1959)
= Galium septentrionale Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 253 (1818)
= Galium septentrionale var. glabrum Urschler, Phyton (Horn) 6: 53 (1955)
= Galium septentrionale var. incurvatum Urschler, Phyton (Horn) 6: 52 (1955)
= Galium strictum Torr., Cat. Pl. New York: 23 (1819)
= Galium trinerve Moench, Methodus: 486 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Galium trinervium Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 12 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium trinervium var. rotundifolium Gilib., 13 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium utahense Eastw., Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 55 (1933)
= Galium vogesiacum F.Gérard, C. Magnier, Scrin. Fl. Select. 13: 323 (1894)
= Rubia borealis (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 374 (1880)
= Trichogalium boreale (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 396 (1868)
variant :
var. angustifolium (Freyn) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 226 (1940)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Hebei, Xinjiang, Sichuan); Tibet; Japan; European Russia; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
14 RUS 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium rubioides var. angustifolium Freyn, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 45: 341 (1895)
variant :
var. ciliatum Nakai; Journ. Jap. Bot. 15: 340 (1939)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Japan; European Russia; Finland; Romania
10 FIN 13 ROM 14 RUS 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP
variant :
var. intermedium DC.; Prodr. 4: 601 (1830)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Gansu, Xinjiang); Europe; European Russia
14 RUS 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale nssp. intermedium (DC.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 1981 (1982)
variant :
var. hyssopifolium (Hoffm.) DC.; Prodr. 4: 600 (1830)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang, Sichuan); Europe
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale ssp. hyssopifolium (Hoffm.) Schübl. & G.Martens, Fl. Würtemberg: 100 (1834)
= Galium hyssopifolium Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1(1): 71 (1800)
= Galium rubioides var. hyssopifolium Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 125 (1805)
variant :
var. kamtschaticum (Maxim.) Nakai; Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 31 (Fl. Koreana 2): 498 (1911)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Henan); North Korea; European Russia; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
14 RUS 36 CHI 38 NKO 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale f. kamtschaticum Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 141 (1859)
= Galium koreanum (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 25: 55 (1911)
= Galium boreale var. koreanum Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 15: 340 (1939)
variant :
var. lanceolatum Nakai; Journ. Jap. Bot. 15: 341 (1939)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Xinjiang); North Korea; European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale ssp. ussuriense (Pobed.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 192 (1985)
= Galium boreale var. leiocarpum G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 366 (1836)
= Galium ussuriense Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 716 (1958)
variant :
var. lancilimbum W.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 28(4): 302 (1990)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Gansu, Xinjiang, Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. latifolium Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 18 (Fl. Baical.-Dahur.): 315 (1845)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang); European Russia; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); North Korea
14 RUS 36 CHI 38 NKO 40 IND
variant :
var. pseudorubioides Schur; Enum. Pl. Trans. 280 (1860)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Xinjiang); Europe; European Russia
14 RUS 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale ssp. pseudorubioides (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 17(1-2): 125 1971 (1972)
species :
Galium boreoaethiopicum Puff; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 59(3-4): 411 (1989)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Galium bornmuelleri Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Mitt. Bot. Ver. N. F.20: 14 (1904-1905)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium bourgaeanum Coss. ex Batt.; Contrib. Fl. Atlant. 42 (1919)
subspecies :
subsp. bourgaeanum
Distribution: W-Algeria
20 ALG
subspecies :
subsp. maroccanum (Ball) J.M.Monts.; Treb. Inst. Bot. Barcelona, 11: 24 (1987)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium bourgeanum var. maroccanum Ball, J. Bot. 11: 335 (1873)
species :
Galium boyacanum Dempster; Allertonia 2: 411 (1981)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá)
82 CLM
species :
Galium brachyphyllum Roem. & Schult.; Mant. 3: 180 (1827)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium alpestre Steven ex Fisch., Cat. Jard. Gorenki, ed. 1812: 43 (1812), nom. nud.
= Galium brevifolium Steven, Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 3: 253 (1812), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium bracteatum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 51 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 LEB SYR TUR
species :
Galium bredasdorpense Puff; J. S. Afr. Bot., 44(3): 244 (1978)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Galium brenanii Ehrend. & Verdc.; Kew Bull., 28 (3): 485 1973 (1974)
Distribution: Tanzania; Kenya
25 KEN TAN
species :
Galium brevifolium Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Prodr. Fl. Graec. 1: 95 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. brevifolium
Name: Kurzblättriges Labkraut (DE); Short-leaved Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium album Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 598 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Galium brevifolium var. chium (Boiss. & Orph.) Rech.fil., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 105: 578 (1943)
= Galium caudatum Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 48 (1843)
= Galium caudatum var. chium Boiss. & Orph., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 6: 91 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. insulare Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 37(2): 260 (1979)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey
13 KRI 34 EAI TUR
species :
Galium brevipes Fernald & Wiegand; Rhodora 12: 78 (1910)
Name: Limestone swamp bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium trifidum ssp. brevipes (Fernald & Wiegand) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Taxon, 31(2): 352 (1982)
species :
Galium breviramosum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 67 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece; Albania; ?Macedonia
13 ALB GRC
species :
Galium brockmannii Briq.; Annu. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genéve 10: 107 (1907)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium brockmannii ssp. aterratzense Romo, Fl. Veg. Montsec (Pre-Pirineus Catalans): 231 (1989)
= Galium pusillum ssp. brockmannii (Briq.) O.Bolòs, Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona, III, 38(1): 7 (1967)
species :
Galium broterianum Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp. 15 (1842)
Distribution: C- & W-Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium rubioides Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 148 (1804), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium brunneum Munby; Fl. Alger. 16 (1889)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium clausonis Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 77 (1874)
species :
Galium bryoides Merr. & Perry; Journ. Arn. Arb. 26: 266 (1945)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Galium buchtienii Dempster; Allertonia 5: 301 (1990)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Galium bullatum Lipsky; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 300 (1894)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; ?NW-Iran; China (Xinjiang)
33 ARM AZE 36 CHI
species :
Galium bulliforme I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 86 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Galium bungei Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 657 (1840)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); S-South Korea; Ryukyu Isl.
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium fukuyamai Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 33: 621 (1943)
= Galium gracile Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 35 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Galium gracilens (A.Gray) Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 17: 74 (1903)
= Galium gracilens var. lutchuense (Nakai) T.Yamaz., J. Jap. Bot., 66(1): 51 (1991)
= Galium gracilens var. rotundifolium (Hayata) Hatus., Fl. Ryukyus: 580 (1971)
= Galium kiirunense Masam., Suzuki & Mori, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 24: 412 (1934)
= Galium lutchuense Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 48: 618 (1934)
= Galium musyaense Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 30: 38 (1940)
= Galium pogonanthum Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 393 (1878)
= Galium pogonanthum var. yakumontanum T.Yamaz., J. Jap. Bot. 66: 52 (1991)
= Galium remotiflorum Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 58 (1908)
= Galium trachyspermum var. gracilens A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s., 6: 393 (1859)
= Galium trichopetalum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 34 (1913)
variant :
var. angustifolium (Loes.) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 221 (1940)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gracile Bunge var. angustifolium Loes., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 37: 182 (1920)
variant :
var. hispidum (Kitag.) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 222 (1940)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gracile f. hispidum Matsuda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 130 (1912)
= Galium trachyspermum var. hispidum (Matsuda) Kitag., Bot, Mag. Tokyo 48: 617 (1934)
= Galium martinii Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 58 (1908)
variant :
var. miltorrhizum (Hance) K.S.Jeong & Pak; Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 47(1): 23 (2017)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gracile var. miltorrhizum (Hance) Loes., B. B. C.-Blume37: 182 (1920)
= Galium miltorrhizum Hance, Journ. Bot. 6: 114 (1868)
= Galium miltorrhizum var. molle Migo, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 56: 300 (1942)
= Galium trachyspermum var. miltiorrhizum (Hance) T.Yamaz., J. Jap. Bot., 66(1): 51 (1991)
variant :
var. punduanoides Cufod.; Österr. Bot Zeitschr. 89: 222 (1940)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. setuliflorum (A.Gray) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 221 (1940)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Jiangsu); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima Isl.); South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pogonanthum var. nudiflorum (Makino) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 13: 386 (1937)
= Galium pogonanthum var. setuliflorum (A.Gray) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 13: 386 (1937)
= Galium setuliflorum (A.Gray) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17: 75 (1903)
= Galium setuliflorum var. koreanum Nakai, Fl. Korea 1: 298 (1909)
= Galium setuliflorum var. nudiflorum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17: 75 (1903)
= Galium trachyspermum var. setuliflorum A.Gray, Bot. Jap. in Mem. Amer. Acad. New ser. 6: 393 (1859)
variant :
var. trachyspermum (A.Gray) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 221 (1940)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Sichuan, Guizhou); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium bungei var. hispidum Cufod., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 89: 222 (1940)
= Galium trachyspermum A.Gray, Perry, Jap. Exp. 2: 313 (1857)
= Galium trachyspermum f. hispidum (Matsuda) Ohwi, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 33: 86 (1953)
= Galium trachyspermum var. setuliflorum A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts ser. 2 6 (2): 393 (1858)
= Galium venosum H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 438 (1912)
species :
Galium bungoniense I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 91 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Galium buschiorum Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn., 78(3): 136 (1993)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Galium bussei K.Schum. & Krause; Engl. Jahrb. 39: 571 (1907)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium stenophyllum var. flavoviride Utzschn. & Merxm., Trans. Rhodesia Sci. Assoc. 43: 57 (1951)
variant :
var. glabrostrictius Brenan; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 457 (1954)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
variant :
var. glabrum Brenan; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 456 (1954)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
variant :
var. strictius Brenan; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 457 (1954)
Distribution: Tanzania; Malawi; Zambia
25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM
species :
Galium buxifolium Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. II. 6: (1886) 150 et 400
Name: Box bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California: St. Cruz Isl.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium catalinense var. buxifolium (Greene) Dempster, Brittonia 10: 188 (1958)
species :
Galium cajamarcense Dempster; Madroño, 35 (1): 3 (1988)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Galium californicum Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 349 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. californicum
Name: California bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. flaccidum (Greene) Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 31 (1968)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium californicum var. crebrifolium Nutt., J. Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 20 (1841)
= Galium flaccidum Greene, Pittonia, 1: 34 (1887)
= Galium occidentale McClatchie, Erythea, 2: 124 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. luciense Dempster & Stebbins; Madroño 18: 107 (1965)
Name: Cone Peak bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. maritimum Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 31 (1968)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. miguelense (Greene) Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 32 (1968)
Name: San Miguel Island bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium californicum var. miguelense (Greene) Dempster & Stebbins, Jeps., Man. Fl. Calif.: 961 (1925)
= Galium miguelense Greene, Pittonia, 1: 34 (1887)
subspecies :
subsp. primum Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 30 (1968)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. sierrae Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 30 (1968)
Name: El Dorado bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium caminianum Schult.; Mant. 3: 186 (1827)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Sporades, Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Cyprus (N-Cyprus, C-Mountains); Libya
13 GRC KRI 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium micranthum d´Urv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 272 (1822)
= Galium pauciflorum Kotschy, F. Unger & Kotschy, Ins. Cypern: 260 (1865), nom. superfl.
= Galium recurvum Req. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 609 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Galium recurvum var. pauciflorum (Kotschy) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 68 (1875)
species :
Galium campanelliferum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 250 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium campylotrichum Nazim. & Ehrend.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 155 (1-4): 73 (1987)
Distribution: N-Pakistan
40 PAK
species :
Galium canescens Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 336 (1819)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Risaralda, Santander); Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium trianae Wernham, J. Bot. 50: 24 (1912)
= Galium canescens f. alstonii Steyerm., Acta Bot. Venezuel., 8 (1-4): 253 (1973)
= Galium trichocarpon Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 392 (1824)
species :
Galium cankiriense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 96 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium canum Req. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 602 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. canum
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Egypt (N Egypt); Israel (N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
20 EGY 34 CYP ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium canum var. confertum Post, Fl. Syria: 385 (1896)
= Galium canum var. laxum Post, Fl. Syria: 385 (1896)
= Galium canum ssp. hilarionis H.Lindb., Iter Cypr.: 32 (1947)
subspecies :
subsp. ovatum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 105: 256 (1958)
Name: Graufilziges Labkraut (DE); Grey Woolly Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos)
13 KRI 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium lanuginosum Post, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 432 (1888), nom. illeg.
= Galium incompletum Barbey ex Stefani & al., Karpathos: 111 (1895)
= Galium autranii Post, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5: 757 (1897)
subspecies :
subsp. antalyense Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Z. 105: 257 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. ulukislaense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 98 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium capense Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 30 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. capense
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium capense var. expansum (Thunb.) Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 36 (1865)
= Galium capense var. minus Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 36 (1865)
= Galium expansum Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 30 (1794)
= Galium mucronatum Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 30 (1794), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. garipense (Sond.) Puff; J. S. Afr. Bot., 44(3): 236 (1978)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium garipense Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865)
= Galium wittbergense Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865)
= Galium capense var. wittbergense (Sond.) Puff, J. S. African Bot. 44: 237 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. namaquense (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Puff; J. S. Afr. Bot., 44(3): 234 (1978)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium namaquense Eckl. & Zeyh., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 369 (1837)
= Galium capense var. scabrum Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865)
species :
Galium capitatum Bory & Chaub.; Bory, Expéd. Sci. Morée 3(2): 54 (1832)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
species :
Galium cappadocicum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 43 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium caprarium Natali; Candollea, 53(2): 484 (1998)
Distribution: Italy; Corsica
12 COR 13 ITA
species :
Galium cariense Daskin & Bagcivan; Phytotaxa 308(2): 270 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium carmenicola Dempster; Madrono, 23(1): 13 (1975)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
species :
Galium carterae Dempster; Brittonia, 22: 184 (1970)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Galium caspicum Stev.; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 1: 276 (1829)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Azerbaijan (Talysh)
33 AZE 34 IRN
species :
Galium cassium Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 68 (1849) et Fl. 3: 76 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel)
34 ISR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cassium f. calvescens (Boiss.) Feinbrun, Fl. Palaestina, 3: 249 (1978)
= Galium cassium var. calvescens Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 68 (1849)
species :
Galium catalinense A.Gray; Syn. Fl. N. Am. I. 2: Suppl. 445 (1886)
subspecies :
subsp. catalinense
Name: Santa Catalina Island bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. acrispum Dempster & Stebbins; Univ. Calif Publ. Bot., 64: 11 (1973)
Name: Santa Clemente Island bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium ceratoamanianum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 99: 166 (1952)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium ceratocarpon Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 35 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium ceratophylloides Hook.fil.; Fl. Brit. India 3: 209 (1881)
Distribution: Pakistan (Murree); NW-India (Poonch, Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
species :
Galium ceratopodum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 45 (1843)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Farah, Herat, Kandahar, Samangan); Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
32 TKM TZK 34 AFG IRN IRQ SIN 35 OMA SAU
species :
Galium cespitosum Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Bot. 1: 262 (1792)
Distribution: SW-France; NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 FRA SPA
species :
Galium chaetopodum Rech.fil.; Ark. Bot. ser. 2, 1: 324 (1949)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR
species :
Galium chekiangense Ehrend.; Novon 20(3): 270 (2010)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Galium chloroionanthum K.Schum.; Engl. Jahrb. 30: 417 (1901)
Distribution: Burundi; Rwanda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Malawi; Zambia; Madagascar
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM 29 MDG
species :
Galium chloroleucum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 1: 27 (1835), et Linnaea, 10: Litt. Ber. 89 (1836)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Azerbaijan; Armenia
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
species :
Galium ciliare Hook.fil.; Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 6: (1847) 461 bis.
subspecies :
subsp. ciliare
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gaudichaudii var. glabrescens Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 446 (1867)
= Galium umbrosum var. gaudichaudii-glabrescens Maiden & Betche, Census N. S. W. Pl.: 188 (1916), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. terminale I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 82 (map) (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Galium cilicicum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 5: 105 (1856) et Fl. 3: 58 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cilicicum var. procerior Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 5: 105 (1856)
= Galium cilicicum var. alpinum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 58 (1875)
= Galium cilicicum var. suffrutescens Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 58 (1875)
species :
Galium cinereum All.; Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur. 5 (1773)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca); France; Italy
12 BAL FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: often included as subspecies in G. lucidum
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cinereum var. pallidum (C.Presl) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 150 (1902)
= Galium cinereum var. pubescens DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, no. 3364 (1805)
= Galium mollugo ssp. cinereum (All.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5(55): 150 (1902)
= Galium mollugo var. cinereum (All.) Knoche, Fl. Baléar. 2: 418 (1922)
= Galium mollugo var. normale Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 18 (1903), nom. inval.
= Galium lucidum ssp. cinereum (All.) Bonnier, Fl.Ill.France 5: 38 (1922)
= Galium mollugo var. pallidum (C.Presl) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 18 (1903)
= Galium pallidum C.Presl, J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 121 (1822)
species :
Galium circae Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 70 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Galium circaezans Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 80 (1803)
Name: Licorice bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale Walter, Fl. Carol.: 85 (1788), sensu auct.
= Galium brachiatum Muhl., Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept.: 15 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Galium circaeoides Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 256 (1818)
= Galium circaezans var. glabellum Britton, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 303 (1894)
= Galium circaezans var. glabrum Britton, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 21: 32 (1894)
= Galium circaezans var. montanum Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 24 (1841)
= Galium rotundifolium var. circaezans (Michx.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 282 (1891)
variant :
var. hypomalacum Fernald; Rhodora 39: 450 (1937)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
species :
Galium citraceum Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 69 (1846)
Distribution: Greece; Crete
13 GRC KRI
species :
Galium clementis Eastw.; Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 56 (1933)
Name: Santa Lucia bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium cliftonsmithii (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins; Madroño 18: 107 (1965)
Name: Santa Barbara bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nuttallii var. cliftonsmithii Dempster, Brittonia 10: 183 (1958)
species :
Galium collomae Howell; Leafl. West. Bot. 5: 150 (1949)
Name: Fossil Hill Creek bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
species :
Galium coloradoense W.Wight; Zoe, 5: 54 (1900)
Name: Colorado bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium multiflorum var. coloradoense (Wight) Cronquist, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A., 4: 530 (1984)
species :
Galium comberi Dempster; Allertonia 2: 272 (1980)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
species :
Galium cometerhizon Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pyr., Suppl. 154 (1818)
Distribution: Corsica; France; Andorra; NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 ADO COR FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium megalospermum ssp. cometerhizon (Lapeyr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
= Galium suaveolens Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 23 (1818), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium compactum Ehrend. & McGill.; Telopea, 2(4): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium concatenatum Coss.; Not. Pl. Crit. 38 (1849)
Distribution: S-Spain (Cadiz, Malaga); S-Portugal; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula pendula var. concatenata (Coss.) Pau, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12(5): 336 (1924)
= Asperula pendula var. glabrescens Emb. & Maire, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 50 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Asperula pendula var. viridiflora Emb. & Maire, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 50 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Galium conglobatum Schousb. ex Ball, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 486 (1878)
species :
Galium concinnum Torr. & Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 23 (1841)
Name: Shining bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, District of Columbia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium parviflorum Raf., Med. Repos. 5: 360 (1808), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium confertum Royle ex Hook.fil.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 206 (1881)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium confertum var. laceanum M.P.Nayar & Malick, Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 11 (3-4): 429 1969 (1972)
species :
Galium conforme Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 91 1986-87 (1987)
Name: Ägäis-Labkraut (DE); Aegaean Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 GRC 34 EAI
species :
Galium consanguineum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 69 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Syria; Lebanon; Northern Caucasus; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); China (Xinjiang); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium consanguineum ssp. majmechense (Bordz.) Mikheev, Bot. Zhurn., 77(10): 71 (1992)
= Galium karduchorum Ronniger, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 69 (1930)
= Galium kurdicum Ronniger, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 43 (1921), nom. superfl.
= Galium majmechense Bordz., Bull. Jard. Bot. Kieff, v-vi. 21 (1927)
= Galium vernum var. consanguineum (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Or. 3: 62 (1875)
species :
Galium coriaceum Bunge; Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 136 (1829)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, Altai, Sajan)
30 SIB
species :
Galium corinthiacum Strid & Kit Tan; Phytol. Balcan. 25(2): 223 (2019)
Distribution: Greece (Korinthia)
13 GRC
species :
Galium cornigerum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 3: 67 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium coronadoense Dempster; Univ. Calif Publ. Bot., 64: 31 (1973)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
species :
Galium correllii Dempster; Sida, 3: 249 (1968)
Name: Cliff bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Galium corrudifolium Vill.; Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 20 (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. corrudifolium
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Corsica; France; NE-Spain; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Hungary
11 HUN 12 BAL COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH ITA SRB 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: often included as subspecies in G. lucidum
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium abruptorum Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 76 (1874)
= Galium adriaticum Ronniger, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien (1920), lxx, p. (59)
= Galium cinereum var. tenuifolium (All.) DC., Prodr. 4: 595 (1830)
= Galium ericoides Arv.-Touv., Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 32 (1871), nom. illeg.
= Galium foliosum Munby ex Burnat & Barbey, Voy. Bot. Baleares, 28 (1882)
= Galium fontanesianum Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 75 (1874)
= Galium lucidum ssp. corrudifolium (Vill.) Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 5: 38 (1922)
= Galium lucidum ssp. corrudifolium (Vill.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 100 (1983)
= Galium lucidum subvar. nitidum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium lucidum var. corrudifolium (Vill.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium lucidum var. tenuifolium (All.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium mollugo ssp. corrudifolium (Vill.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 18 (1903)
= Galium nitidum Sieber ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 659 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Galium simplex Arv.-Touv., Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 31 (1871)
= Galium tenuifolium All., Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur.: 6 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. falcatum (Willk. & Costa) Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 78, 565 (1984)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium corrudifolium var. falcatum Willk. & Costa, Linnaea 30: 100 (1859)
= Galium lucidum var. falcatum (Willk. & Costa) Socorro & S.Tárrega, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 42: 244 (1985)
= Galium rigidum var. falcatum (Willk. & Costa) Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Pl. Hispan. 2: 315 (1868)
species :
Galium corsicum Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ?(2): 39 (1827)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia
12 COR SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium campestre Duby, Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 248 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Galium corsicum var. pallescens Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 26 (1850)
= Galium corsicum var. soleirolii (Loisel.) Natali & Jeanm., Rubiaceae: Compl. Prodr. Fl. Corse: 74 (2000)
= Galium mediterraneum DC., Prodr. 4: 596 (1830)
= Galium nudiflorum Viv., Fl. Cors. Prodr., App. 2: 3 (1830)
= Galium rubrum ssp. corsicum (Spreng.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 25 (1903)
= Galium rubrum subvar. pallescens (Gren. & Godr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 25 (1903)
= Galium soleirolii Loisel., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 399 (1827)
= Galium soleirolii var. mediterraneum (DC.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 329 (1879)
species :
Galium corymbosum Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman); Chile (Tarapaca, Antofagasta, Coquimbo); Venezuela (Apure, Merida, Tachira); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Risaralda, Tolima); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium apiculatum Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 332 (1818)
= Galium benthamianum Walp., Repert. 6: 17 (1846)
= Galium ciliatum Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
= Galium ciliatum var. weddellianum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 119 (1898)
= Galium hirsutum Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
= Galium involucratum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 335 (1819)
= Galium kunthii Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 38 (1858)
= Galium leucocarpum DC., Prodr. 4: 612 (1830)
= Galium monanthon Bartl. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Galium montanum Bartl. ex Steud., Nom. Bot. ed. 2 1: 659 (1840)
= Galium mucronatum Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 60 (1798)
= Galium sessiliflorum Willd. ex Schult. & Schult., Mantissa 3: 173 (1827)
= Galium sessilifolium Willd. ex K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 117 (1889)
= Galium tarmense Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 387 (1825)
= Relbunium alpicola K.Schum. & R.E.Fr., Nov. Acta Soc. Sci. Ups. IV l(1): 101 (1905)
= Relbunium chloranthum Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 40: 351 (1908)
= Relbunium ciliatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 62 (1881)
= Relbunium compactum Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 3(3): 49 (1893)
= Relbunium corymbosum (Ruiz & Pav.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 118 (1889)
= Relbunium croceum ssp. involucratum (Kunth) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 527 (1855)
= Relbunium hirsutum (Ruiz & Pav.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 116 (1889)
= Relbunium involucratum (Kunth) Diels, Biblioth. Bot. 29: 154 (1937)
= Relbunium tarmense Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 40: 351 (1908)
= Relbunium tuberculosum (Benth.) Ball, J. L. Soc. (London) 22: 42 (1855)
= Rubia ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia hirsuta (Ruiz & Pav.) Schltdl. ex Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 37 (1858)
= Rubia hirta Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 338 (1819)
= Rubia monantha DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia montana Steud., Nom. Bot. cd. 2 1: 659 (1840)
= Rubia mucronata (Ruiz & Pav.) Hook. & Arn., Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 363 (1833)
= Rubia triflora Willd. ex K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 117 (1889)
= Rubia tuberculosa Benth., Pl. Hartw. 195 (1843)
species :
Galium cossonianum Jafri; Fl. Libya, 65: 23 (1979), nom. nov.
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium petraeum Coss. & Durieu ex Munby, Cat. Pl. Alger. 15, nomen.
= Galium petraeum Coss. & Durieu ex Batt., Contrib. Fl. Atlant. 42 (1919)
species :
Galium cotinoides Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 3: 227 (1828)
Distribution: Chile (Maule, Bio Bio)
85 CLE
species :
Galium cracoviense Ehrend.; Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 419 (1960)
Distribution: S-Poland (Olsztyn, near Krakow)
11 POL
Remarks: pusillum agg.
species :
Galium crassifolium W.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 28(4): 299-300, f. 1 (1990)
Distribution: China (Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Galium craticulatum R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(2): 202 (1996)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Galium crespianum J.J.Rodr.; Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 8: 55 (1879)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Dragonera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium decolorans Bourg. ex Marès, Cat. Pl. Vasc. Baléares: 139 (1880), sensu auct.
species :
Galium cryptanthum Hemsl.; Hook. Ic. Pl. t. 1469 (1884)
Distribution: NW-India; Pakistan (Dir)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium stewartii Nazim., Fl. Pakistan, 190: 63 (1989)
= Galium vernum Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 209 (1881), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium cuatrecasasii Standl.; Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 22: 113 (1940)
Distribution: Colombia (Cundinamarca)
82 CLM
species :
Galium curvihirtum Ehrend. & McGill.; Telopea, 2(4): 373 (1983)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium cuspidulatum Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 340 (1857)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Galium cyllenium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(2): 117 (1856)
Distribution: S-Greece (Killini Oros)
13 GRC
species :
Galium czerepanovii Pobed.; Fl. URSS 23: 720 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); NW-Iran; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
species :
Galium dahuricum Turcz. ex Ledeb.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 18: (1845) 1: 312 (dahuricum)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Siberia (C-Siberia); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asprellum var. dahuricum (Turcz. ex Ledeb.) Maxim., Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 9: 262 (1873)
= Galium comari Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 51: 114 (1907)
= Galium dahuricum var. fructoglabrum Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur.: 140 (1859)
= Galium dahuricum var. leiocarpum Nakai, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 498 (1911)
= Galium niewerthii Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 393 (1877)
variant :
var. densiflorum (Cufod.) Ehrend.; Novon 20: 277 (2010)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pseudoasprellum var. densiflorum Cufod., Österr. Bot. Z. 89: 237 (1940)
variant :
var. lasiocarpum (Makino) Nakai; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 498 (1911)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asprellum var. fructohispidum Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur.: 140 (1859)
= Galium asprellum var. lasiocarpum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17: 76 (1903)
= Galium dahuricum var. manshuricum (Kitag.) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot., 54(4): 105 (1979)
= Galium manshuricum Kitag., Rep. Inst. Sc. Research Manchoukuo, 4: 90 (1940)
= Galium pseudoasprellum Makino, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 17: 1 10 (1903)
= Galium pseudoasprellum var. bingoense Murata & Ezuka, Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 43(2): 149 (1992)
= Galium pseudoasprellum var. manshuricum (Kitag.) Hara, Journ. Jap. Bot. 54 (4): 105 (1979)
species :
Galium davisii Ehrend.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 383, t. 6 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium debile Desv.; Obs. Pl. Angers 134 (1818)
Distribution: Albania; ?Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; France; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Spain; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Romania; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Sardinia; Sicily; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey; Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Morocco; Algeria; New Zealand [I]
10 GRB 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG MOR 33 NCS 34 EAI LEB SYR TUR 51 nzl
Remarks: palustre agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aragonesii Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 193 (1936)
= Galium congestum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 172 (1846)
= Galium constrictum Chaub., J. F. B. de Saint-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 66 (1821)
= Galium constrictum var. congestum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
= Galium constrictum var. creticum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
= Galium constrictum var. debile (Desv.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 153 (1889)
= Galium creticum Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 66 (1849)
= Galium debile f. submersum Glück, 260 (1911)
= Galium debile f. terrestre Glück, 392 (1923)
= Galium debile var. congestum (Jord.) Gren., Fl. France 2: 40 (1850)
= Galium debile var. humile Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 322 (1868)
= Galium fruticosum Sieber ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 60 (1875)
= Galium junceum Heldr. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 60 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Galium krymense Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 713 (1958)
= Galium palustre Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 322 (1868), sensu auct.
= Galium palustre ssp. debile (Desv.) Berher, L. Louis, Départ. Vosges 2: 124 (1887)
= Galium palustre ssp. debile (Desv.) Bonnier & Layens, 142 (1894)
= Galium palustre var. congestum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 44 (1903)
= Galium palustre var. constrictum (Chaub.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 44 (1903)
= Galium palustre var. debile (Desv.) Rchb., XIX (1833)
= Galium palustre var. debile (Desv.) Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 89 (1836)
= Galium palustre var. humile (Lange) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 44 (1903)
species :
Galium decorum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 133 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Galium decumbens (Ehrend.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 207 (1991)
Distribution: N-Iran; C-Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. decumbens Ehrend., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 370 (1958)
species :
Galium degenii Bald. ex Degen; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 45: 131 (1895)
Distribution: S-Albania; Greece; Macedonia
13 ALB GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ossaeum Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 717 (1901)
species :
Galium deistelii K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 160 (1909)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
species :
Galium delicatulum Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 65 (1849)
Distribution: N-Iran (Mt. Demavend)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. delicatulum (Boiss. & Hohen.) Ehrend., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 371 (1958)
species :
Galium demissum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(3): 40 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. demissum
Distribution: S-Bulgaria; NE-Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pedunculatum Stoj. & Stef. ex Stef. & Jordanov, Engl. Jahrb. 64: 513 (1931), nomen, Stoj. & Stef. in Magyar Bot. Lap., 32: 3, descr. (1933)
= Galium stojanovii ssp. pedunculatum (Stoj. & Stef.) Stoj. & Acht., Izv. Carsk. Prir. Inst. Sofija 12: 186 (1939)
= Galium stojanovii var. abbreviatum Stoj., Magyar Bot. Lapok 33: 2 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. stojanovii (Degen) Ancev; Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 9: 87 (1989)
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria (Pirin Pl.)
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium stojanovii Degen, Magyar Bot. Lapok 19: 48 (1922)
= Galium stojanovii f. intermedium (Stoj. & Acht.) Ancev, Kozuharov & B. A. Kuzmanov (eds.), Evolyutsiya Tsvet. Rast. i Florogen., 1: 124 (1978)
= Galium stojanovii var. intermedium Stoj. & Acht., Izv. Carsk. Prir. Inst. Sofija 12: 186 (1939)
species :
Galium dempsterae B.L.Turner; Madrono 30, 31 (1983)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Galium densum Hook.fil.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 461b (1847)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Galium denticulatum Bartl. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 612 (1830)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Galium desereticum Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia, 17: 314 (1965)
Name: Desert bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
species :
Galium diabolense Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 64: 28 (1973)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
species :
Galium dieckii Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 4: 267 (1907)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium diffusoramosum Dempster & Ehrend.; Allertonia 2(8): 409 (1981)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Maule)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium diffusum Clos, Gay
species :
Galium dincii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(2): 46 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium diphyllum (K.Schum.) Dempster; Allertonia 3: 227 (1982)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium diphyllum K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 117 (1889)
= Rubia diphylla (K.Schum.) K.Schum., Nat. Pflanzenfam. IV(4): 3 (1891)
species :
Galium diploprion Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 66 (1849)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran, C-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Galium divaricatum Pourr. ex Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 580 (1788)
Name: Lamarcks Labkraut (DE); Lamarck´s Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Bulgaria; Corsica; Slovakia; France; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Belgium [I]; Switzerland [I]; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Chile [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Georgia [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], West Virginia [I])
11 bgm HUN SLO swi 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Remarks: parisiense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Aparinella tenuicaulis Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparinella tenuicaulis Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Galium aridicola Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 11-12: 193 (1908)
= Galium divaricatum var. mungieri (Boiss. & Heldr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879)
= Galium divaricatum var. tenuicaule (Fourr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879)
= Galium mungieri Boiss. & Heldr., Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 72 (1875)
= Galium parisiense ssp. divaricatum (Pourr. ex Lam.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 46 (1903)
= Galium parisiense ssp. parvifolium (Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 439 (1828)
= Galium parisiense var. australe Ewart & Jean White, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 21: 549 (1909)
= Galium parisiense var. divaricatum (Pourr. ex Lam.) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 284 (1835 publ. 1836)
= Galium parisiense var. leiocarpum Tausch, Flora 18: 354 (1835)
= Galium parisiense var. tenuicaule (Fourr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 46 (1903)
= Galium parisiense var. trichocarpum Tausch, Flora 18: 354 (1835)
= Galium parvifolium Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 246 (1818)
= Galium tenellum Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 188 (1848), nom. superfl.
= Galium tenuicaule Jord., Pug. Pl. Nov.: 81 (1852), nom. superfl.
species :
Galium domingense Iltis; Rhodora, 59: 39 (1957)
Distribution: Haiti; Dominican Republic; Cuba
81 CUB HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium brevipes Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 415 (1912) (non Fernald & Wiegand 1910)
species :
Galium dumosum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 44 (1843)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 EAI LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium musciforme Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 44 (1843)
= Galium canum var. musciforme (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 66 (1875)
= Galium lycium Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 71 (1849)
= Galium concinnum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 65 (1875), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium duthiei R.Bhattacharjee; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 48(1-4): 62 (2006)
Distribution: India (Uttaranchal); Nepal
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium duthiei var. glabriusculum R.Bhattacharjee, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 48(1-4): 65 (2006)
species :
Galium echinocarpum Hayata; Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo. 30: Art. 1, 147 (1911)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Galium ecuadoricum Dempster; Allertonia 2: 253 (1980)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Galium ehrenbergii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 53 (1875)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Galium elbursense Bornm. & Gauba; Fedde Repert. 49: 258 (1940)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Galium elegans Wall.; Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 1: 382 (1820)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hunan, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Bhutan; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Murree, Astor, Gilgit); N-India (Poonch, Kashmir, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal); N-Myanmar; Thailand; Nepal; Java; Borneo; Bangladesh
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA 42 BOR JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hamiltonii Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4 (2) cur. post.: 39 (1827)
= Galium javanicum var. leiocarpum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 339 (1857)
= Galium latifolium Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 133 (1825)
= Galium petiolatum Geddes, Kew Bull., 246 (1928)
= Galium pseudoellipticum Lingelsh. & Borza, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 391 (1915)
= Galium requienianum Wight & Arn., Prod. Fl. Ind. Or. 443 (1834)
= Galium rotundifolium var. leiocarpum (Miq.) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 205 (1881)
variant :
var. punduanum (Wall.) Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Z. 89: 230 (1940)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Garhwal, etc.); Myanmar; Thailand; Nepal
40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium elegans f. vestitum (D.Don) Hara, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal, 2: 201 (1979)
= Galium vestitum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 133 (1825)
= Galium punduanum Wall. ex Craib, Fl. Siam. 2: 233 (1934)
variant :
var. glabriusculum Req. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 600 (1830)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Sikkim, Darjeeling, Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium elegans f. glabriusculum (Req. ex DC.) Hara ex H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 66(5): 303 (1991)
variant :
var. nephrostigmaticum (Diels) W.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 28(4): 301 (1990)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nephrostigmaticum Diels, Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 5: 279 (1912)
variant :
var. velutinum Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Z. 89: 230 (1940)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mairei H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 180 (1914)
species :
Galium elongatum C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Del. Prag. 119 (1822)
Name: Hohes Labkraut (DE); Raspilla larga (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Canary Isl. (Tenerife); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Israel (Rift Valley); Crimea; S-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Georgia [Caucasus]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 33 GEO 34 IRN ISR TUR
Remarks: palustre agg. Separated from G. palustre (2n: 24) on cytological basis (2n: 96)
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium elongatum f. submersum Glück, Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgew. 3: 33 (1911)
= Galium maximum Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 55 (1827)
= Galium obtusifolium Wallr., 178 (1840)
= Galium palustre f. elongatum (C.Presl) Lindm., 507 (1918)
= Galium palustre ssp. elongatum (C.Presl) Lange, Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan. 16(47): t, t. 2765 (1869)
= Galium palustre var. elatum Kabath, 57 (1846)
= Galium palustre var. elongatum (C.Presl) Rchb.fil., Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 17: 95, t. 144 (1855)
= Galium palustre var. maximum T.Marsson, 220 (1869)
species :
Galium emeryense Dempster & Ehrend.; Great Basin Nat., 37(4): 510 1977 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. emeryense
Name: Emery County bedstraw
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Utah)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium coloradoense var. scabriusculum Dempster, Brittonia 11: 120 (1959)
= Galium nitidulum var. scabriusculum Heinr.Braun ex Oborný, Fl. Mähren 1: 737 (1885)
= Galium hypotrichium ssp. scabriusculum Ehrend., Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 13 (1956)
= Galium scabriusculum (Ehrend.) Dempster & Ehrend., Brittonia 17: 312 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. protoscabriusculum (Dempster & Ehrend.) Dempster & Ehrend.; Great Basin Nat., 37(4): 510 1977 (1978)
Name: Emery County bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium scabriusculum ssp. protoscabriusculum Dempster & Ehrend., Brittonia 17: 312 (1965)
species :
Galium ephedroides Willk.; Linnaea 25: 30 (1852)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria); Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium fruticosum ssp. ephedroides (Willk.) Pau & Font Quer
species :
Galium equisetoides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Standl.; Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 11: 212 (1936)
Distribution: Argentina (Corrientes); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, San Pedro); Uruguay; SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium equisetoides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 533 (1955)
= Rubia equiseoides Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 232 (1828)
species :
Galium ericoides Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 583 (1786)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rocha, Soriano)
84 BRA 85 URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ericoides (var.) intermedium Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 226 (1828)
= Galium mycrosphyllum Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2: 61 (1923)
= Relbunium ericoides (Lam.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 109 (1889)
species :
Galium eriocarpum Bartl. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 600 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium brevifolium Phil., Linnaea 33: 98 (1864)
= Galium eriocarpum var. leiocarpum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 120 (1898)
= Galium philippii Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 11 &12: 190 (1908)
species :
Galium eruptivum Krendl; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 104: 580 (2003)
Distribution: Austria; Hungary; Romania; Serbia
11 AUT HUN 13 ROM SRB
species :
Galium erythrorrhizon Boiss. & Reut.; Pugillus 51 (1852)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada, Sierra de Cazorla)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium debeauxii Degen & Herv., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 15: 96 (1905)
species :
Galium espiniaicum Dempster; Allertonia 5: 299 (1990)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Galium estebanii Sennen; Diag. Nouv. 289 (1936)
Distribution: S-France (Corbiéres); Andorra; N-, EC- & SE-Spain
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium estebani var. leioclados (Pau) Ortega Oliv. & Devesa, Acta Bot. Malac. 28: 208 (2003)
= Galium pinetorum Ehrend., Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 410 (1960)
= Galium pumilum ssp. pinetorum (Ehrend.) Vigo, Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 37: 91 (1968)
= Galium sylvestre f. leioclados Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 9: 59 (1910)
= Galium sylvestre var. curvifolium Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 9: 59 (1910)
species :
Galium exaltatum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 46 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; Crimea; Ukraine
13 GRC KRI 14 KRY UKR
species :
Galium exile Hook.fil.; Fl. Br. Ind. 3: 207 (1881)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; N-India (Kumaon, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium handelii Cufod., Österr. B. Zeits. 89: 234 (1940) (non Nábelek)
species :
Galium exstipulatum P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 4: 102 (1949)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Galium exsurgens Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 263, t. 3, f. D (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium extensum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 89 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Galium falconeri R.Bhattacharjee; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 30(3): 484 (2006)
Distribution: India (Uttaranchal)
40 IND
species :
Galium fendleri A.Gray; Pl. Fendl. 60 (1849)
Name: Fendler´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Galium ferrugineum Krause; Bot. Jahrb. 40: 349 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. ferrugineum
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
subspecies :
subsp. jamesonii Dempster; Allertonia 2: 407 (1981)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Galium festivum Krendl; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 82: 309 1978 (1979)
Distribution: SW-France (C-Pyrenees)
12 FRA
species :
Galium firmum Tausch; Flora (Regensb.) 14: 122 (1831)
Distribution: Albania; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia
13 ALB BIH CRO NMA SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium apiculatum Spruner ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
= Galium aureum var. floribundum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
= Galium aureum var. oblongifolium Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 61 (1875)
= Galium aureum var. scabrifolium Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 61 (1875)
= Galium aureum Vis., Orto Bot. Padov. (1842) 134, in not., Fl. Dalmat. 3: 6
= Galium corrudifolium K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 466 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Galium floribundum Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pélop.: 10 (1838), nom. superfl.
= Galium oblongifolium Heldr. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879), nom. inval.
= Galium rupestre DC., Prodr. 4: 603 (1830), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium fissurense Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 249 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium fistulosum Sommier & Levier; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. Ser. II. 3: (1894) 31, et in Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 195 (1894)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Galium flaccidum Wedd.; Chlor. And. 2: 39 (1857), nom. illeg.
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Galium flavescens Borbás; Akad. Közl. ll(7): 266 (1874), ex Kern., Sched. 3: 958 (1884)
Distribution: C-Romania; N-Macedonia; Bulgaria; ?European Turkey
13 BUL NMA ROM
Remarks: incurvum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asparagifolium A.Kern., Österr. Bot. Z. 20: 327 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Galium flavescens var. brevifolium Ancev, Dokl. Bolg. Akad. Nauk., 28(11): 1535 (1975)
= Galium flavicans Borbás, Math. Term. Közlem. 1884: 6 (1884)
= Galium marisense Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 281 (1886)
= Galium ochroleucum Kit. ex Schult., Österr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 305 (1814), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium flaviflorum (Trautv.) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn., 77(10): 72 (1992)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mollugo var. flaviflorum Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 439 (1878)
species :
Galium floribundum Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Prodr. Fl. Graec. 1: 94 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. floribundum
Name: Dichtblühendes Labkraut (DE); Denseflowering Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey
13 GRC TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nebulosum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 49 (1843)
= Galium pseudointricatum Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 149 (1897)
= Galium floribundum var. leiocarpum Bornm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 24: 65 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. airoides Hub.-Mor. ex Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 37(2): 262 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium formosense Ohwi; Fedde, Repert. 36: 55 (1934)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium kwanzanense Ohwi, Fedde, Repert. 36: 56 (1934)
species :
Galium forrestii Diels; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 5: 279 (1912)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Galium fosbergii Dempster; Madroño, 35 (1): 3 (1988)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Galium friedrichii N.Torres, L.Sáez, Mus & Rosselló; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 136(3): 316 (2001), nom. nov.
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza, Formentera)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium firmum ssp. balearicum (Knoche) Malag., Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 13 (1973)
= Galium firmum f. balearicum Knoche, Fl. Baléar. 2: 421 (1922)
species :
Galium fruticosum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 1: 585 (1798)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium junceum Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 91 (1806), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium fuegianum Hook.fil.; Fl. Antarct. 302 (1844)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, La Pampa, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Galium fuscum M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg. ll(1): 126 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. fuscum
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. altiplanicum Dempster; Univ. calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 18 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. guerrericum Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 18 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. hypadenium (Schauer) Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 64: 16 (1973)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hypadenium Schauer, Linnaea 20: 700 (1847)
= Galium leucotrichum Hemsl., Diag. Pl. Nov. 53 (1880)
species :
Galium galapagoense Wiggins; Madroho 20: 250 (1970)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium reynoldsii Dempster, Allertonia 2: 255 (1990)
species :
Galium galiopsis (Hand.-Mazz.) Ehrend.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 364 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula galiopsis Hand.-Mazz., Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 426, t. 17, f. 1, t. 18, f. 2 (1913)
species :
Galium gaudichaudii DC.; Prod. 4: 607 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. gaudichaudii
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium axiflorum F.Muell. ex Miq., Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 113 (1859)
= Galium umbrosum var. gaudichaudii (DC.) Maiden & Betche, Census N. S. W. Pl.: 188 (1916)
subspecies :
subsp. parviflorum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 98 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium geminiflorum Lowe; Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 6: (1838) reimpr. 19
Distribution: Madeira (Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens
21 MDR SEL
species :
Galium ghilanicum Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 53 (1886)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); China (Xinjiang); Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Armenia; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; NE-Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chitralensis Nazim., Fl. Pakistan, 190: 69 (1989)
= Galium parisiense var. brachypodum Boiss., Fl. 3: 72 (1875)
= Galium parisiense var. leiocarpum Bornm., (1938)
= Galium transcaucasicum Stapf, Denkschr. Acad. Wien, 50: 52 (1885)
species :
Galium gilanicum Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturw, Kl. 50: 53 (1886)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Kunar / Nuristan, Takhar)
34 AFG
species :
Galium gilliesii Hook. & Arn.; Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 364 (1833)
subspecies :
subsp. gilliesii
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, San Juan); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium lanatum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 120 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. telanthos (Phil.) Dempster; Allertonia 2: 278 (1980)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen); Chile (Coquimbo, O´Higgins, Maule, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium telanthos Phil., Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 733 (1894)
= Galium trichocarpum var. telanthos (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chil. 106: 982 (1900)
= Galium volckmanni Phil., Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 732 (1894)
species :
Galium glaberrimum Hemsl.; Diag. Pl. Nov. 3: 53 (1878)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Galium glabrescens (Ehrend.) Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia, 17: 330 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. glabrescens
Name: Castle Lake bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium grayanum ssp. glabrescens Ehrend., Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 15 (1956)
subspecies :
subsp. harticum Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 333 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
subspecies :
subsp. josephinense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 332 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Oregon)
73 USA
subspecies :
subsp. modocense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 333 (1965)
Name: Modoc bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium glabriusculum Ehrend.; Fl. China (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium smithii Cufod., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 236 (1940), nom. illeg., not G. Don 1834
species :
Galium glaciale Krause; Engl. Jahrb. 43: 159 (1909)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
25 KEN TAN UGA
variant :
var. satimmae Verdc.; Kew Bull., 28(3): 493 1973 (1974)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Kenya
23 ZAI 25 KEN
species :
Galium glandulosum Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 1028 (1936)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Galium glaucophyllum E.Schmid; Viert. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 78: 253 (1933)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Galium glaucum L.; Sp. Pl. 107 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. glaucum
Name: Blaugrünes Labkraut, Waxy bedstraw
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Albania; ?Poland; Romania; Ukraine; Crimea; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], New Jersey [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Québec [I])
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY UKR 72 cdn 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula campanulata (Vill.) Klokov, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 18: 226 (1957)
= Asperula galioidea St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: (1880) 13, et 8: 161 (1881)
= Asperula galioides var. glabra Wallr., 60 (1822), nom. inval.
= Asperula galioides var. glauca (L.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 332 (1879)
= Asperula galioides var. hirsuta Wallr., Exsicc.: 60 (1822)
= Asperula galioides var. rigidior Rchb., XIX (1833)
= Asperula galioides var. strictissima (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 332 (1879)
= Asperula galioides var. tenerior Rchb., XIX (1833)
= Asperula glauca (L.) Besser, Enum. Pl.: 7 (1821)
= Asperula glauca f. coronata Kucowa, Pawl., 289. 288 (1967)
= Asperula glauca var. hirsuta (Wallr.) Simonk., 279 (1887)
= Asperula strictissima Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 277 (1866)
= Asterophyllum galioides (M.Bieb.) K.F.Schimp. & Spenn., Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 3: 1077 (1829)
= Galium alpinum Scheele, Linnaea 17: 341 (1844)
= Galium campanulatum Vill., Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 19 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Galium glaucum ssp. hirsutum (Wallr.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9: 273 (1974)
= Galium glaucum var. hirsutum (Wallr.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 176 (1973)
= Galium grandiflorum Clairv., Man. Herbor. Suisse: 41 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Galium halleri Suter, Helvet. Fl. 1: 88 (1802)
= Galium montanum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 155 (1762)
= Galium montanum Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 154 (1776), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. australe Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal, 2: 79, 565 (1984)
Distribution: Portugal; NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium teres Merino, Fl. Galicia 2: 286 (1906)
= Galium decumanum Krendl, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 82: 305 (1978 publ. 1979)
subspecies :
subsp. murcicum (Boiss. & Reut.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans, 3: 569 (1995)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium murcicum Boiss. & Reut., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 2: 114 (1856)
= Asperula galioides Bourg. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 312 (1868)
species :
Galium globuliferum Hub.-Mor. & Reese; Candollea 10: 153, t. 7 (1945)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium gracilicaule Bacigalupo & Ehrend.; Darwiniana 18: 27 (1973)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Galium graecum L.; Mantissa 38 (1767)
subspecies :
subsp. graecum
Name: Griechisches Labkraut (DE); Greek Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 KRI 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia graeca (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 376 (1880)
= Galium junceum Schreb., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 3: 478 (1767)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocanum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 105: 254 (1958)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 KRI 34 EAI
species :
Galium grande McClatchie; Erythea. 2: 124 (1894)
Name: San Gabriel bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pubens var. grande (McClatchie) Jeps., Man. Fl. Calif.: 961 (1925)
species :
Galium grayanum Ehrend.; Contrib. Dudley Herb. 5: 15 (1956)
Name: Gray´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
variant :
var. nanum Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 321 (1965)
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
species :
Galium guadalupense (Spreng.) L.Andersson; Scripta Bot. Belg. 1: 32, 116, 184 (1992)
Distribution: Guadeloupe; St. Kitts; Nevis; Dominica
81 DOM GDL STK
Synonyms: hidden
= Rubia guadalupensis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 397 (1824)
= Relbunium guadalupense (Spreng.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 416 (1912)
= Galium guadalupense (Spreng.) Govaerts, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98: 812 (2012), comb. superfl.
species :
Galium gymnopetalum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 155 (1-4): 78 (1987)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Galium hainesii Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 303 (1977)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Galium hallii Munz & I.M.Johnst.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 49: 358 [1922] (1923)
Name: Hall´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium hardhamiae Dempster; Madrono, 16: 167 (1962)
Name: Hardham´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium hatschbachii Dempster; Allertonia 5: 303 (1990)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Galium haussknechtii Ehrend.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 389 (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Galium heldreichii Halácsy; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 47: 94 (1897)
Name: Heldreichs Labkraut (DE); Heldreich´s Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Macedonia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 BUL GRC KRI NMA 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: mollugo agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium firmum var. citraceum Boiss. & Heldr. ex Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 713 (1901)
species :
Galium hellenicum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 73 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece; Bulgaria; ?Serbia & Kosovo
13 BUL GRC
species :
Galium hexanarium Knjaz.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 88(12): 86 (2003)
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Galium hierochuntinum Bornm.; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 596 (1898)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley)
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hierochuntinum var. papillosum Feinbrun, Israel J. Bot., 25 (12): 81 (1976)
species :
Galium hierosolymitanum L.; Fl. Palaest. 13 no. 73 (1756) et Amoen. Acad. 4: 451 (1759)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium trachyanthum Boiss. & Hohen., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 50 (1843)
= Galium hierosolymitanum var. glabrum Post, Fl. Syria: 388 (1896)
= Galium hierosolymitanum var. hispidum Post, Fl. Syria: 388 (1896)
species :
Galium hilendiae Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia, 17: 310 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. hilendiae
Name: Hilend´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. carneum (Hilend & Howell) Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 311 (1965)
Name: Panamint Mountains bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium munzii var. carneum Hilend & J.T.Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 136 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. kingstonense (Dempster) Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 311 (1965)
Name: Kingston Mountains bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium munzii var. kingstonense Dempster, Brittonia 10: 190 (1958)
species :
Galium hintoniorum B.L.Turner; Phytologia, 80(4): 285 (1996)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Galium hirtiflorum Req. ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 600 (1830)
Distribution: NE-India (Sikkim, Kumaon); Nepal; ?Tibet
40 IND NEP
Remarks: records for Pakistan and Kashmir refer to G. subtrinervium
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium ciliatum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 133 (1825), non Ruiz & Pav. (1798)
= Galium hirtiflorum var. hirsutum T.Yamaz., J. Jap. Bot., 66(1): 52 (1991)
species :
Galium hirtum Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 583 (1786)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Flores Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rocha, Soriano, Treinta y Tres)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium geminum Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2: 61 (1923)
= Galium reflexum Pohl ex DC., Prodr. 4: 604 (1830)
= Relbunium hirtum (Lam.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 107 (1889)
= Relbunium malmei Standl., Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 8: 396 (1931)
species :
Galium hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem. ex R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(1): 95 (1996)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Waziristan, Dir, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); N-India (Kashmir, Darjeeling, Chumbi, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; N-Myanmar; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula hoffmeisteri Klotzsch, B. Reise Pr. Waldem. 87, t. 75 (1862)
= Galium asperuloides ssp. hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) H.Hara, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal, 2: 201 (1979)
= Galium asperuloides var. hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1027 (1936)
= Galium asperulopsis H.J.P.Winkl., Fedde, Repert. Beih. 12: 492 (1922)
= Galium trifloriforme var. nipponicum (Makino) Nakai ex Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea 324 (1922)
= Galium triflorum var. hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) Hook.fil., Fl. Br. Ind. 3: 205 (1881)
species :
Galium hohuanshanense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 104 (2020)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Galium huancavelicum Dempster; Allertonia 2: 400 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Galium huber-morathii Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 253 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium humifusum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 104 (1808)
Name: Spreading bedstraw
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; Hungary [I]; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; China (Xinjiang); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Iran (widespread); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Paktia / Khost, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Quetta); USA [I] (Washington State [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 hun 13 BUL ROM 14 BLR KRY LIT RUS UKR 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK 51 nzl 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula besseriana Klokov, Kotov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 456 (1961)
= Asperula cincinnata Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 456 (1961)
= Asperula conferta (K.Koch) Stankov, Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ. 579 (1949)
= Asperula debilis Ledeb., Ind. Hort. Dorp. Suppl. (1824) 2
= Asperula dissitiflora Post, Journ. Linn, Soc. 24: 432 (1888)
= Asperula ghautensis Post, Pl. Post. 3: 10 (1892)
= Asperula humifusa (M.Bieb.) Besser, Cat. Hort. Crern. Suppl. 3: 4 (1814)
= Asperula humifusa var. conferta K.Koch, Linnaea 17: 32 (1843)
= Asperula humifusa var. debilis (Ledeb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 332 (1879)
= Asperula humifusa var. diffusa K.Koch, Linnaea 17: 32 (1843)
= Asperula humifusa var. pycnantha (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 45 (1875)
= Asperula insuavis Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 708 (1958)
= Asperula pycnantha Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 10: 64 (1849)
= Asperula pycnantha var. lasiocarpa Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 64 (1849)
= Asperula turkestanica Nevski, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 4: 275 (1937), nom. provis.
= Galium apricum Sieber ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 657 (1840)
= Galium cincinnatum (Klokov) Ostapko, Konspekt Fl. Yugo-Vost. Ukrainy 130 (1985), et Minlivist´ Sinantropn. Popul. Rosl. 26 (1997)
= Galium humifusum ssp. besserianum (Klokov) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1- 2): 176 (1973)
= Galium humifusum ssp. cincinnatum (Klokov) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 176 (1973)
= Galium humifusum var. confertum (K.Koch) Ancev, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 9: 60 (1989)
= Galium humifusum var. diffusum (K.Koch) Ancev, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 9: 60 (1989)
= Galium insuave (Pobed.) Pobed., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 7: 276 1970 (1971)
= Galium lenkoranicum Mikheev, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 77(10): 71 (1992)
= Galium parisiense Pall., Tabl. Taur.: 46 (1795), nom. illeg.
= Galium polycarpum Less. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 402 (1844)
= Galium pseudohumifusum Ostapko, Konspekt Fl. Yugo-Vost. Ukrainy 131 (1985), et Minlivist´ Sinantropn. Popul. Rosl. 29 (1997), nom. nov. for Asperula besseriana Klokov
species :
Galium humile Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 3: 226 (1828)
Distribution: Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Rios); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Cordillera, Itapua, Misiones, Paraguari); Uruguay (San Jose); SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium humile (Cham. & Schltdl.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6). 105 (1889)
species :
Galium humilioides (M.L.Porto & Ehrend.) K.De Toni & Mariath; Phytotaxa 218(3): 296 (2015)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium humilioides M.L.Porto & Ehrend., Pl. Syst. Evol. 128(3-4): 179 (1977)
species :
Galium hupehense Pamp.; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17: 719 (1910)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Jiangsu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale var. molle Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 394 (1888)
= Galium hupehense var. molle (Hemsl.) Cufod., Österr. Bot. Z. 89: 224 (1940)
= Galium hemsleyanum Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 3: 295 (1911)
species :
Galium hypocarpium (L.) Endl. ex Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. I. 4: 351 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. hypocarpium
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Reg. Metropolitana); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari); Uruguay (Artigas, Cerro Largo, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rocha, Treinta y Tres); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Panama; Haiti; Dominican Republic; Jamaica; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Costa Rica; Guyana; Nicaragua; Honduras
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 HIS JAM 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium albicans Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 38 (1858)
= Galium brasiliense Wawra, Österr. Bot. Zeit. 29: 216 (1879)
= Galium croceum Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
= Galium fluminense Vell., Fl. Flum. 43 (1825)
= Galium gardneri Walp., Repert. 6: 17 (1846)
= Galium hypocarpium ssp. indecorum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Dempster, Allertonia 5: 317 (1990)
= Galium orinocense (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 397 (1825)
= Galium ovale Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
= Galium pauciflorum Willd. ex K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 112 (1889)
= Galium quitense Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 38 (1858)
= Galium relbun (Cham. & Schltdl.) Clos, Gay, Fl. Chil. 3: 186 (1848)
= Galium repugnans Kunze ex Poepp.Coll.Pl.Chil.Exsicc 1: 42
= Galium rupestre (Gardner) Walp., Repert. 6: 17 (1847)
= Relbunium bangii Rusby, Bull. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 374 (1907)
= Relbunium croceum (Ruiz & Pav.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 116 (1889)
= Relbunium glaberrimum Standl., Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 4: 297 (1929)
= Relbunium hypocarpium (L.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 63 (1881)
= Relbunium hypocarpium ssp. fluminense (Vell.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 537 (1955)
= Relbunium hypocarpium ssp. grandifolium Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 536 (1955)
= Relbunium hypocarpium ssp. nitidum (Kunth) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 536 (1955)
= Relbunium hypocarpium var. alpestre K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 113 (1889)
= Relbunium hypocarpium var. incanum K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 113 (1889)
= Relbunium hypocarpium var. indecorum (Cham. & Schltdl.) K.Schum., FI Bras. 6(6): 113 (1889)
= Relbunium hypocarpium var. relbun (Cham. & Schltdl.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 113 (1889)
= Relbunium hypocarpium var. viridiflorum Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 7(app. 1): 85 (1899)
= Relbunium indecorum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 540 (1955)
= Relbunium nitidum (Kunth) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 114 (1889)
= Relbunium orinocense (Kunth) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 112 (1889)
= Relbunium ovale (Ruiz & Pav.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 115 (1889)
= Relbunium relbun (Cham. & Schltdl.) Herter, Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 7: 231 (1943)
= Relbunium rupestre (Gardner) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 79: 538 (1955)
= Relbunium wettsteinii Zahlbr., Anzeiger. Akad. Wissensch. Wien 60: 85 (1924)
= Rubia affinis Gardner, Hook. J. Bot. 4: 111 (1845)
= Rubia chilensis Molina, Sagg. Chil. 141 (1782)
= Rubia crocea (Ruiz & Pav.) DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia glabra Gardner, Hook. J. Bot. 4: 112 (1845)
= Rubia hispida Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 397 (1825)
= Rubia hypocarpia (L.) DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia incana Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 338 (1819)
= Rubia indecora Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 229 (1828)
= Rubia nitida Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 339 (1819)
= Rubia orinocensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 339 (1819)
= Rubia ovalis (Ruiz & Pav.) DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia ramosissima Pohl ex DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Rubia ramosissima var. hispida Wawra, Itin. Princ. S.-Coburg 1: 129 (1838)
= Rubia relbun Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 229 (1828)
= Rubia rupestris Gardner, Hook. J. Bot. 4: 111 (1845)
= Valantia hypocarpia L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 1307 (1759) (non Br.)
subspecies :
subsp. alluviale (Ehrend.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 315 (1990)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Santa Fe)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium hypocarpium ssp. alluviale Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 537 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. buxifolium (K.Schum.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 315 (1990)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brasilia Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium buxifolium f. microphylla K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 111 (1889)
= Relbunium buxifolium K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 110 (1889)
subspecies :
subsp. gracillimum (Ehrend.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 317 (1990)
Distribution: Brazil (Paraná, Sao Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium gracillimum Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 539 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. titicacum Dempster; Allertonia 5: 318 (1990)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
species :
Galium hypotrichium Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 6: 1864 538 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. hypotrichium
Name: Alpine bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. ebbettsense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 318 (1965)
Name: Ebbett´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. inyoense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 319 (1965)
Name: Inyo bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. nevadense Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 316 (1965)
Name: Nevada bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. subalpinum (Hilend & Howell) Ehrend.; Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 12 (1956)
Name: Subalpine bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium munzii var. subalpinum Hilend & J.T.Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 1: 136 (1934)
= Galium multiflorum var. subalpinum (Hilend & J.T.Howell) Cronquist, Cronquist & al., Intermountain Fl. 4: 531 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. tomentellum Ehrend.; Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 12 (1956)
Name: Alpine bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hypotrichium var. tomentellum (Ehrend.) Dempster, Brittonia 11: 119 (1959)
species :
Galium hypoxylon Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 255 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium hyrcanicum C.A.Mey.; Enum. 53 (1831)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, C-Iran); Azerbaijan; Armenia
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium grossheimii Pobed., Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 720 (1958)
= Galium hyrcanicum var. glabrum Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 461 (1881)
= Galium hyrcanicum var. puberulum Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 461 (1881)
= Galium kandavanense Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem., Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 206 (1991)
= Galium plurifolium Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem., Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 203 (1991)
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. hyrcanicum (C.A.Mey.) Ehrend., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 369 (1958)
species :
Galium hystricocarpum Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33: 464 (1898)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
species :
Galium idubedae (Pau ex Debeaux) Pau ex Ehrend.; Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 412 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. idubedae
Distribution: C- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium valentinum var. idubedae Pau & Debeaux, Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 15: 153 (1897)
= Galium pusillum ssp. idubedae (Pau & Debeaux) Vigo, Arxius Secc. Ci. Inst. Estud. Catalans 37: 91 (1968)
= Galium idubedae var. humile C.Vicioso ex Ortega Oliv. & Devesa, Acta Bot. Malacit. 29: 250 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. javalambrense (López Udias, Mateo & M.B.Crespo) Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Flora Montiber. 58: 26 (2014)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium javalambrense López Udias, Mateo & M.B.Crespo, Flora Montiber. 24: 49 (2004)
species :
Galium iltisii Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 8 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero)
79 MEX
species :
Galium incanum Sibth. & Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 91 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. incanum
Distribution: Greece; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 GRC 34 JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium orientale subvar. incanum (Sm.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium orientale Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 38 (1843)
= Galium orientale var. alpinum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 38 (1843)
= Galium orientale var. glabrum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 39 (1843)
= Galium stoloniferum K.Koch, Linnaea 19: 32 (1846)
= Galium crispulopilosum K.Koch ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 57 (1875)
= Galium orientale var. latifolium Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 57 (1875)
= Galium orientale var. tenerum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 57 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. centrale Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Z. 98: 445 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium carium Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 107 (1885)
subspecies :
subsp. creticum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 98: 453 (1951)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 KRI 34 EAI
subspecies :
subsp. elatius (Boiss.) Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 98: 454 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey; N-Syria; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO 34 IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium orientale var. elatius Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 57 (1875)
= Galium grusinum Trautv., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 461 (1881)
subspecies :
subsp. libanoticum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Z. 98: 451 (1951)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium orientale var. hirtum Post, Fl. Syria: 384 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudocornigerum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Z. 98: 449 (1951)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium inconspicuum Phil.; Linnaea 33: 99 (1864)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hypnoides var. inconspicuum (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 106: 990 (1900)
species :
Galium incrassatum Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 1: 724 (1901)
Name: Dickblättriges Labkraut (DE); Thick-leaved Bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
13 KRI 34 EAI
species :
Galium incurvum Sibth. & Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 92 (1806)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: incurvum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aureum var. incurvum (Sibth. & Sm.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 61 (1875)
species :
Galium innocuum Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 341 (1857)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; NE-India; Java; Sumatra; New Guinea (Irian Jaya); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Moluccas
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN IND 41 MYA 42 JAW MOL NWG SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium trifidum var. modestum (Diels) Cufod., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 233 (1940)
= Galium modestum Diels, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 438 (1912)
species :
Galium intermedium Schult.; Obs. Bot. 22 (1809)
Name: Schultes-Labkraut, Glattes Labkraut (DE), Schultes´ bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: ?Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern, Sachsen, Thüringen); Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Poland; Romania; +Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; USA [I] (California [I])
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 BIH BUL CRO ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 76 usa
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aristatum ssp. schultesii (Vest) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium schultesii f. ciliatum (Kucowa) Borza, Pawl., 324, 308 (1967)
= Galium schultesii var. nikolicii Gajic, Fl. Veg. Golija Javor 570 (1989)
= Galium schultesii Vest, Flora (Regensb.) 4: 530 (1821)
= Galium sylvaticum Besser, 119 (1809), nom. illeg., non L.
= Galium sylvaticum ssp. schultesii (Vest) Vollm., 691 (1914)
= Galium sylvaticum var. angustifolium Heuff., 88 (1858)
species :
Galium intricatum Margot & Reut.; Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genéve 8: 304 (1839)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; S-Albania
13 ALB GRC 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium zacynthium Reut., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 8: 304 (1839)
= Galium intricatum var. zacynthium (Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 331 (1879)
= Galium microcarpon Friv. ex Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 162 (1846)
= Galium trichopharum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 161 (1846)
= Galium intricatum var. trichophorum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 331 (1879)
species :
Galium ionicum Krendl; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 108: 265 (2007), nom. nov.
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mixtum Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 105 1986-87 (1987)
species :
Galium iranicum Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19, 2: 266 (1906)
Distribution: W-Iran
34 IRN
species :
Galium irinae Pachom.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 9: 367 (1987)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Galium isauricum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 259, t. 2, f. c (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium javanicum Blume; Bijdr. 943 (1826)
Distribution: Java; ?India
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium elegans var. javanicum (Blume) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1029 (1936)
= Galium rotundifolium var. javanicum (Blume) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 205 (1881)
= Galium javanicum var. pulneyense R.Bhattacharjee, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 30(3): 486 (2006)
species :
Galium jemense Kotschy; Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1, 52: 257 (1866)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
species :
Galium jepsonii Hilend & Howell; Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 135 (1934)
Name: Jepson´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium angustifolium var. subglabrum Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 962 (1925)
species :
Galium johnstonii Dempster & Stebbins; Madrono. 21 (2): 84 (1971), nom. nov.
Name: Johnston´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium angustifolium var. pinetorum Munz & I.M.Johnst., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 49: 357 (1922)
species :
Galium judaicum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 69 (1849)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
species :
Galium jungermannioides Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 43 (1843)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Galium junghuhnianum Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 340 (1857)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Galium juniperinum Standl.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 22: 114 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Galium kaganense R.Bhattacharjee; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 48(1-4): 69 (2006)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
species :
Galium kahelianum Deflers; Voy. Yemen 145 (1889)
Distribution: Yemen (W-Yemen); Saudi Arabia
35 SAU YEM
species :
Galium kamtschaticum Steller ex Schult. & Schult.fil.; Mant. 3: 186 (1827)
Name: Boreal bedstraw
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Ussuri, Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea; Alaska; USA (Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium kamtschaticum f. intermedium Takeda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 66 (1910)
= Galium littelli Oakes, Hovey, Mag. Hortic. 7: 179 (1841)
= Galium rotundifolium var. kamtschaticum (Steller ex Schult.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 282 (1891)
variant :
var. acutifolium Hara; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 51: 642 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin)
31 RFE 38 JAP
variant :
var. yakusimense (Masam.) T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot., 58(10): 305 (1983)
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium yakusimense Masam., Prelim. Rep. Veg. Yakus. 120 (1929), Masam. in Journ. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan, 2: 37 (1930), et in Mem. Fac. Sc. & Agric. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 11: Bot. No. 4, 423 (1934)
species :
Galium karakulense Pobed.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 712 (1958)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Afghanistan (Takhar)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI
species :
Galium karataviense (Pavlov) Pobed.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 7: 278 1970 (1971)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula karataviensis Pavlov, Vestnik Akad. Nauk Kazak. SSR, No. 4 (73) 95 (1951)
species :
Galium karliovaense Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 25(2): 33 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium kasachstanicum Pachom.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 9: 368 (1987)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Galium kenyanum Verdc.; Kew Bull., 28(3): 493 1973 (1974)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
species :
Galium kerneri Degen & Dörfl.; Denkschr. Akad.- Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. (Wien) 64: 723 (1897)
Distribution: W-Macedonia; S-Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
species :
Galium kikumuyura Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 6: 149 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium brachypodum Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: (1874) 280, non Jord.
species :
Galium killipii Dempster & Ehrend.; Allertonia 2(4): 262 (1980)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Galium kinuta Nakai & Hara; Journ. Jap. Bot. 9: 518 (1933)
Distribution: China (Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Henan, Hubei); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boreale var. japonicum Maxim., Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 9: 264 (1873)
= Galium japonicum (Maxim.) Makino & Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 152 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Galium japonicum var. bracteatum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 104 (1909)
= Galium japonicum var. viridescens Makino & Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 152 (1908)
= Galium kinuta var. bracteatum (Nakai) Nakai & H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 9: 520 (1933)
= Galium kinuta var. viridescens (Makino & Nakai) Matsum. & Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 9: 518 (1933)
species :
Galium kitaibelianum Schult. & Schult.fil.; Mantissa 3: 163 (1827)
Distribution: SW- & C-Romania; Serbia & Kosovo
13 ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium sylvaticum ssp. kitaibelianum (Schult.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
= Galium dacicum Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 37: 163 (1890)
species :
Galium kuetzingii Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 109 (1860)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; NW-Iran (Gilan)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium meyeri Grossh., Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, II, 1: 28 (1920)
= Galium verum var. kuetzingii (Boiss. & Buhse) Bornm., Bull. Herb. Boiss., II, 6: 776 (1906)
species :
Galium kulluense An.Kumar, Ranjan & S.C.Srivast.; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 164 (2013)
Distribution: N-India (Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND
species :
Galium kunmingense Ehrend.; Novon 20(3): 270 (2010)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Galium kurdicum Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 37 (1843) [non Ronniger 1921]
Distribution: NE-Iraq; SE-Turkey
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. kurdicum Bornm., (1911)
= Galium subvelutinum var. kurdicum Bornm., (1938)
species :
Galium labradoricum (Wiegand) Wiegand; Rhodora. 6: 21 (1904)
Name: Northern bog bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium tinctorium var. labradoricum Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 24: 398 (1897)
species :
Galium laconicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(6): 66 1846 (1847)
Distribution: Bulgaria; NE-Greece; Serbia & Kosovo; European Turkey
13 BUL GRC SRB TUE
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium sylvaticum ssp. laconicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulg. 2: 1016 (1967)
species :
Galium lacrimiforme Dempster; Madroño 23: 110 (1975)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Galium laevigatum L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 1667 (1763)
Name: Glattes Labkraut
Distribution: Austria; France; Switzerland; NE-Spain; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium atrovirens Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 22 (1818)
= Galium sylvaticum ssp. laevigatum (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 100 (1983)
= Galium sylvaticum var. atrovirens (Lapeyr.) Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 21 (1850)
= Galium sylvaticum var. pyrenaicum Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 21 (1850)
species :
Galium lahulense Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 155 (1-4): 79 (1987)
Distribution: NW-India (Lahul)
40 IND
species :
Galium lanceolatum (Torr. & A.Gray) Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States: 168 (1824)
Name: Lanceleaf wild licorice
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium circaezans var. lanceolatum Torr. & A.Gray, Cat. Pl. City New York: 23 (1819)
= Galium rotundifolium var. lanceolatum (Torr.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 283 (1891)
= Galium torreyi Bigelow, Fl. Boston., ed. 2: 56 (1824)
species :
Galium lanuginosum Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 261 (1792)
Distribution: India
40 IND
species :
Galium lasianthum (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 309 (2017)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea
38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula lasiantha Nakai, Journ. Jap. Bot., 14: 120 (1938)
= Asperula platygalium var. pratensis Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 19: 284 (1874)
species :
Galium lasiocarpum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium latifolium Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 79 (1803)
Name: Purple bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium latifolium var. hispidifolium Small ex Britton, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 303 (1894)
= Galium latifolium var. hispidum Small, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 4: 126 (1894)
species :
Galium latoramosum Clos; Gay
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Misiones, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Guaira); Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Durazno, Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Tarija)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chapi Wedd., Chlor. And. 2: 36 (1859)
= Galium ephedroides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 119 (1892)
= Galium intricatum (Hook. & Arn.) Endl., Walp., Rep. Bot. Syst. 2: 459 (1843)
= Galium tetragonum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wissensch. Göttingen 19: 161 (1874)
= Rubia ephedroides Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 231 (1828)
= Rubia intricata Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3. 362 (1833)
= Rubia tetragona (Griseb.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 120 (1889)
species :
Galium leiocarpum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 79 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Galium leptogonium I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 84 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium gaudichaudii var. muriculatum Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 446 (1867)
= Galium umbrosum var. gaudichaudii-muriculatum Maiden & Betche, Census N. S. W. Pl.: 188 (1916), nom. superfl.
= Galium umbrosum var. muriculatum (Benth.) Ewart & B.Rees, J. M. Black, Fl. S. Austral., ed. 2, 4: 799 (1957)
species :
Galium leptum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 734 (1894)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
species :
Galium libanoticum Ehrend.; Arkiv Bot. Stockh. andra ser. 5: 414 (1960)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR
species :
Galium lilloi Hicken; Darwinlana 1: 140 (1924)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Galium linearifolium Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1837) n. VII. 152
Distribution: China (Liaoning, Hebei, Hubei); North Korea
36 CHI 38 NKO
species :
Galium liratum N.A.Wakef.; Vict. Nat. 72: 70 (1955)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium litorale Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 172 (1827)
Distribution: W-Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Galium longipedunculatum (Mariath & Ehrend.) K.De Toni & Mariath; Phytotaxa 218(3): 296 (2015)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium longipedunculatum Mariath & Ehrend., Pl. Syst. Evol. 128(3-4): 184 (1977)
species :
Galium lovcense Urum.; Österr. Bot. Z. 49: 55 (1899)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Macedonia; Albania; Turkey
13 ALB BUL NMA 34 TUR
Remarks: often included in G. rhodopeum
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium erectum var. lovcense (Urum.) Stoj., Izv. Bulg. Bot. Druzh. 5: 109 (1932)
= Galium heldreichii f. lovcense (Urum.) Ancev, Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 28: 1534 (1975)
= Galium heldreichii ssp. protopycnotrichum (Ehrend. & Krendl) Ancev, Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 28: 1534 (1975)
= Galium heldreichii var. obovatum Ancev, Dokl. Bulg. Akad. Nauk 28: 1534 (1975)
= Galium protopycnotrichum Ehrend. & Krendl, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 68: 270 (1974)
species :
Galium lucidum All.; Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur. 5 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. lucidum
Name: Glanz-Labkraut
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza, Mallorca); Spain; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 BAL SPA
Remarks: lucidum agg. References for C- and E-Mediterranean belong to G. corrudifolium
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium affine Schult., Roem. & Schult., Mant. 3: 172 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Galium bermudianum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12: 117 (1767), nom. illeg.
= Galium betetae Caball., Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 2: 238 (1942)
= Galium erectum var. prostratum Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 286 (1840)
= Galium errans Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 651 (1926 publ. 1927)
= Galium lucidum var. angustifolium M.Loehr, 302 (1852)
= Galium lucidum var. scabridum (DC.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 214 (1914)
= Galium mollugo ssp. lucidum (All.) Schinz & Thell., 502 (1907)
= Galium petrosum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 284 (1866)
= Galium reflexifolium Sennen, Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 174 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Galium rigidum Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 1: 256, 283 (1786)
= Rubia rigida (Vill.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 372 (1880)
subspecies :
subsp. fruticescens (Cav.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 14: 100 (1983)
Distribution: NC- & E-Spain; Andorra
12 ADO SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aciphyllum Willk. & Costa, Linnaea, 30: 1859 101 (1860)
= Galium fruticescens Cav., Icon. Descr. 3: 3 (1795)
= Galium fruticescens var. aciphyllum (Willk. & Costa) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium lucidum var. aciphyllum (Willk. & Costa) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 100 (1983)
= Galium lucidum var. fruticescens (Cav.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 100 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. krendlii Natali; Candollea, 53(2): 500 (1998)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
subspecies :
subsp. venustum (Jord.) Natali; Candollea, 53(2): 503 (1998)
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; San Marino; Sicily; France; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria
11 AUT LIE SWI 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ITA SIC SMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium venustum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 117 (1846)
= Galium mollugo var. venustum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 17 (1903)
= Galium gerardii var. venustum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 149 (1902)
= Galium bernardii Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 23 (1850)
= Galium mollugo var. bernardii (Gren. & Godr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 17 (1903)
= Galium lucidum ssp. bernardii (Gren. & Godr.) Natali, Candollea 53: 496 (1998)
= Galium roseolum Mabille, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 25: xlv (1878)
species :
Galium macedonicum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 121 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC NMA
species :
Galium magellanicum Hook.fil.; Fl. Antarct. 302 (bis) (1846)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Valparaiso, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chonoense Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 303 (bis) (1846)
= Galium forsteri Phil., Anales Univ. Chil. 85: 735 (1894)
= Galium nigricans Clos, Gay
species :
Galium magellense Ten.; Sacc. Relaz. Viagg. Abruzzo 48 (1832)
Distribution: Italy (C- & S-Appennini)
13 ITA
Remarks: baldense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pusillum ssp. magellense (Ten.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
species :
Galium magnifolium (Dempster) Dempster; Brittonia, 11: 111 (1959)
Name: Largeleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium munzii f. glabrum Ehrend., Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 19 (1956)
= Galium matthewsii var. magnifolium Dempster, Brittonia 10: 189 (1958)
species :
Galium mahadivensis G.Singh; Forest Fl. Srinagar: 125 (1976), as ´mahadivensis´
Distribution: NW-India
40 IND
species :
Galium mandonii Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 18: 263 (1891)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER
species :
Galium maneauense P.Royen; Alp. Fl. New Guinea, 4: 2772 (1983)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Galium marchandii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. 3: 528 (1818)
Distribution: N-Spain (Cordillera Cantabrica, Pyrenees); C-France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium commune var. lapeyrousianum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium lapeyrousianum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 154 (1846)
= Galium pumilum ssp. marchandii (Roem. & Schult.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 100 (1983)
= Galium sylvestre var. lapeyrousianum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium umbellatum var. lapeyrousianum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 141 (1902)
species :
Galium margaceum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 249 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium margaritaceum A.Kern.; Zeitschr. Ferdinand. (Innsbruck) ser. 3, 15: 252 (1870)
Distribution: NE-Italy (SE-Alps)
13 ITA
Remarks: baldense agg.
species :
Galium maritimum L.; Mantissa 38 (1767)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; S-France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium villosum Lam., Encycl. 2: 583 (1788)
= Galium maritimum var. villosum (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 4: 602 (1830)
= Galium maritimum var. laxiflorum Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 311 (1868)
= Galium maritimum subvar. luteum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 11 (1903)
= Galium maritimum var. angustifolium Sennen, Bull. Géogr. Bot. 24: 223 (1914)
= Galium ×angustifolium (Sennen) Sennen, Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 135: 81 (1917), nom. illeg.
= Galium maritimum var. latifolium Sennen, Bull. Soc. Franç. Échange Pl. Vasc. 11: 33 (1921)
= Galium gonzaloi Sennen, Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: 5477 (1925)
species :
Galium martirense Dempster & Stebbins; Madroño 18: 110 (1965)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
species :
Galium masafueranum Skottsb.; Nat. Hist. J. Fernandez & Easter Island 2: 174 (1922)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl. (Masafuera)
85 JNF
species :
Galium matthewsii A.Gray; Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 80 (1883)
Name: Bushy bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
species :
Galium maximoviczii (Kom.) Pobed.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 7: 277 1970 (1971)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Anhui, Zhejiang, Henan); Russian Far East; North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula maximowiczii Kom., Act. Hort. Petrop. 39: 109 (1923)
= Asperula maximowiczii f. latifolia (Nakai) W.Lee, Lineamenta Florae Koreae 893 (1996)
= Asperula maximowiczii var. latifolia Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 119 (1938)
species :
Galium mechudoense Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 15 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Galium megacyttarion R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(2): 200 (1996)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal; Tibet; ?China (?Sichuan)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
variant :
var. trichanthum (Cufod.) R.Bhattacharjee; Fl. Pl. India Annot. Checkl. 1: 657 (2020)
Distribution: India
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium acutum var. trichanthum Cufod., Österr. Bot. Z. 89: 239 (1940)
species :
Galium megalanthum Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 67 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium handelii Nábelek, Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 35: 134 (1923), nom. superfl.
= Galium leiophyllum var. glabrum Boiss., (1843) (p. p., incl. typo, nom. superfl.)
= Galium pseudomegalanthum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem., Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 206 (1991)
= Galium psilophyllum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem., Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 304 (1977) (nom. nov. superfl.)
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. megalanthum (Boiss.) Ehrend., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 367 (1958)
species :
Galium megalospermum All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 9 (1785)
Name: Schweizer Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Croatia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: helveticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cenisium Arv.-Touv., Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 33 (1871)
= Galium helveticum var. allionii Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 39 (1903)
= Galium helveticum var. cenisium (Arv.-Touv.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 38 (1903)
= Galium helveticum var. elongatum Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 37 (1850)
= Galium prostratum Haller ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 228 (1818)
= Galium pusillum Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 324 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Galium rupicola Bertol., Fl. Ital. 2: 108 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Galium villarsii Gaudin ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 220 (1818)
species :
Galium megapotamicum Spreng.; Syst. Nat. 4(2): 39 (1827)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Pará); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Misiones); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Guaira, Neembucu, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Montevideo)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium apricum Vell., Fl. Flum. 43 (1825)
= Galium camporum Pohl ex DC., Prodr. 4: 604 (1830)
= Galium ciliatum Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2: 61 (1923)
= Galium hirtum ssp. reflexum K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 109 (1889)
= Galium radicosum Steud., Nom. Bot: ed. 2 1: 660 (1840)
= Galium tenue Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2: 61 (1923)
= Relbunium hirtum f. floribundum K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 109 (1889)
= Relbunium hirtum f. glabriflora K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 109 (1889)
= Relbunium hirtum ssp. camporum (DC.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 108 (1889)
= Relbunium hirtum var. camporum (DC.) Standl., Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 8: 397 (1931)
= Relbunium megapotamicum (Spreng.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 543 (1955)
= Relbunium megapotamicum ssp. camporum (DC.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 544 (1955)
= Relbunium megapotamicum ssp. reflexum (K.Schum.) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 544 (1955)
= Rubia tenuis Larrañaga, Escr. D. A. Larrañaga 2. 60 (1923)
species :
Galium melanantherum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(6): 68 1846 (1847)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: incurvum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium advenum Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 152 1986-87 (1987)
= Galium malickyi Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 150 1986-87 (1987)
= Galium spruneri Jord., Obs. Pl. Crit. 3: 116 (1846)
species :
Galium meliodorum (Beck) Fritsch; Exkursionsfl. Österr. ed. 2, 573 (1909)
Distribution: Austria; Bosnia & Hercegovina
11 AUT 13 BIH
Remarks: lucidum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium lucidum var. meliodorum Beck, Hernstein Niederösterr.: 251 (1886)
species :
Galium membranaceum Ehrend.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 56: 229 (1948)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium mexicanum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 337 (1818)
subspecies :
subsp. mexicanum
Name: Mexican bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Texas); Isla Guadalupe; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama; Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Putumayo); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira)
77 USA 79 GLP MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium caripense Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 337 (1819)
= Galium mexicanum var. glabratum Greenm., Contr. Gray Herb. 14: 458 (1898)
= Galium mexicanum var. platyphyllum Greenm., Contr. Gray Herb. n. ser. 14: 458 (1898)
= Galium piliferum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 337 (1819)
subspecies :
subsp. asperrimum (Gray) Dempster; Madrono 23: 384 (1976)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Oaxaca, Coahuila)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asperrimum Gray, Pl. Fendl. 60 (1879)
= Galium mexicanum var. asperrimum (A.Gray) B.L.Turner, Sida, Bot. Misc. 24: 8 (2003)
= Galium mexicanum var. asperrimum (Gray) L.C.Higgins & S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 46(2): 260 (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. asperulum (Gray) Dempster; Madrono, 23(7): 384 (1976)
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asperrimum var. asperulum A.Gray, Bot. Calif. 1: 284 (1880)
= Galium asperulum (A.Gray) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts.: 809 (1917)
= Galium mexicanum var. asperulum (A.Gray) Dempster, Brittonia 10: 187 (1958)
= Galium filipes Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 809 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. flexicum Dempster; Madrono 23: 384 (1976)
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Sonora, Coahuila, etc.)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mexicanum var. flexicum (Dempster) B.L.Turner, Sida, Bot. Misc. 24: 8 (2003)
species :
Galium microchiasma Gilli; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 83: 459 1979 (1980)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Galium microlobum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 100 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium microphyllum Gray; Pl. Wright 1: 80 (1852)
Name: Bracted bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium laevigatum Bartl. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
= Galium nitens Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 15: 153 (1929)
= Galium repens Sessé & Moc., Fl. Mex. 24 (1893)
= Relbunium laevigatum (DC.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 63 (1881)
= Relbunium microphyllum (A.Gray) Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. Bot. 2: 63 (1881)
= Relbunium microphyllum var. hispidulum Greenm., Proc. Am. Acad. 33: 470 (1898)
= Relbunium microphyllum var. setulosum Greenm., Proc. Am. Acad. 33: 470 (1898)
= Relbunium polyplocum Hemsl., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Mexic. 3: 53 (1880)
= Rubia laevigata DC., Prodr. 4: 591 (1830)
species :
Galium migrans Ehrend. & McGill.; Telopea, 2(4): 362 (1983), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. migrans
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium erythrorrhizum F.Muell. ex Miq., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 113 (1856), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. inversum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 93 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
subspecies :
subsp. trichogynum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 95 (map) (2009)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Galium minutissimum Shimizu; Journ. Fac. Text. Sci. & Techn., Shinshu Univ. No. 36, Biol., No. 12 (Stud. Limest. Fl. Jap. & Taiwan, Pt. 2) 58 (1963), et in Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 21: 28 (1964)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Galium minutulum Jord.; Obs. Pl. Crit. 3: 182 (1846)
Distribution: France; S-, C- & NE-Spain; Italy; Portugal
12 FRA POR SPA 13 ITA
species :
Galium mirum Rech.fil.; Bot. Jahrb. 69: 512 (1939)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Serbia & Kosovo
13 BUL GRC SRB
Remarks: incurvum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium capreum Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 119 1986-87 (1987)
= Galium thracicum Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 114 1986-87 (1987)
species :
Galium mite Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 37 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Armenia
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mite var. roseum Ghahr., Fl. Iran (Ghahreman) 22: no. 2692 (2001), nom. inval.
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. mite (Boiss. & Hohen.) Ehrend., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 365 (1958)
species :
Galium moldavicum (Dobrescu) Franco; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 71: 50 (1975)
Distribution: Romania; Moldova
13 ROM 14 MLD
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula moldavica Dobrocz., Commun. Ac. R. P. Rom. 4: 389 (1954)
species :
Galium mollugo L.s.str.; Sp. Pl. 107 (1753)
Name: Echtes Wiesen-Labkraut (DE), False baby´s breath (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; ?Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; ?Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Andorra; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Portugal; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; ?Sweden; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai); Russian Far East [I] (Kuril Isl. [I], Primorye [I]); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Azerbaijan; Argentina [I]; Egypt (SE-Egypt); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I]); Greenland [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 EGY 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 ARM NCS 51 nzl 70 gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: mollugo agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galion molluginum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: (1880) 113, 126
= Galium album Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 285 (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Galium album Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 12 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium amani Kotschy ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 54 (1875)
= Galium aristatum Sm., Engl. Fl. 1: 203 (1824), nom. superfl.
= Galium attenuatum Klokov & Zaver., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiew), 1974: 82 (1974)
= Galium beilanense Kotschy ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 54 (1875)
= Galium besseri Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 464 (1961)
= Galium bielzii Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 285 (1866)
= Galium bocconii Ten. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 657 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Galium calcareum (Albov) Pobed., Kom. Fl. URSS, 23: 719 (1958)
= Galium capsiriense Jeanb. ex Timb.-Lagr., Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Nat. Toulouse 6: 155 (1883)
= Galium chloranthum (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hungar. 11: 250 (1965)
= Galium corrudifolium var. pallidulum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 149 (1902)
= Galium corrudifolium Willk., Flora 35: 540 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Galium diffusum D.Don, Hook., Fl. Scot.: 52 (1821)
= Galium elatum var. clivale Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 23 (1828)
= Galium elatum var. latifolium Leers, Fl. Herborn.: 115 (1775)
= Galium erectum Huds., Fl. Angl.: 56 (1762)
= Galium erectum var. approximatum DC., Prodr. 4: 596 (1830)
= Galium erectum var. aristatum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium erectum var. bielzii (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium erectum var. boreanum Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 147 (1902)
= Galium erectum var. calcareum Albov, Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 123 (1895)
= Galium erectum var. diffusum (D.Don) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium erectum var. petreum (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium erectum var. pseudocinereum (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium erectum var. pubescens Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium erectum var. rigidum Gren., 23 (1850)
= Galium erectum var. scabridulum Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 147 (1902)
= Galium erectum var. tyrolense (Willd.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium flaccidum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 58 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Galium gerardii var. falcatum Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 315 (1868)
= Galium gerardii var. tenuissimum Lange, M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 315 (1868)
= Galium gerardii var. viridulum (Jord.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 149 (1902)
= Galium gerardii Vill., Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 19 (1779)
= Galium ibericum D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 1: 464 (1839)
= Galium insubricum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 421 (1828)
= Galium kernerianum Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 466 (1961)
= Galium lucidum M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 104 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Galium lucidum subvar. viridulum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium lucidum var. viridulum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium lucidum W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 333 (1835 publ. 1836), nom. illeg.
= Galium molle Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 1: 22 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Galium mollugo f. nemorosum (Wierzb.) Heinr.Braun, 161 (1892)
= Galium mollugo ssp. erectum (Huds.) Syme, 217 (1865)
= Galium mollugo ssp. gerardii (Vill.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 16 (1903)
= Galium mollugo ssp. insubricum (Gaudin) Ces., Car. Catt., 300 (1844)
= Galium mollugo ssp. tyrolense (Willd.) Hayek, Fl. Steiermark 2: 380 (1912)
= Galium mollugo var. aristatum Syme, 217 (1865)
= Galium mollugo var. boreanum (Rouy) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 15 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. chloranthum Schur, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 33: 228 (1894)
= Galium mollugo var. erectum (Huds.) Fr., 66 (1819)
= Galium mollugo var. erectum (Huds.) Piré & F.Muell., Fl. Centr. Belgique: 90 (1866), nom. superfl.
= Galium mollugo var. falcatum (Lange) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 17 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. insubricum (Gaudin) Bab., 143 (1843)
= Galium mollugo var. insubricum (Gaudin) Gremli, Excursionsfl. Schweiz, ed. 2: 218 (1870)
= Galium mollugo var. maritimum Pauquy, Statist. Bot. Somme: 183 (1831)
= Galium mollugo var. pallidulum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 18 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. scabridulum (Rouy) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 15 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. scabrum Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 89 (1836)
= Galium mollugo var. tenuissimum (Lange) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 17 (1903)
= Galium mollugo var. tyrolense (Willd.) Heinr.Braun, Österr. Bot. Z. 42: 164 (1892)
= Galium mollugo var. tyrolense (Willd.) Rchb., XX (1833)
= Galium mollugo var. virgultorum (Lamotte) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium mollugo var. viridulum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 17 (1903)
= Galium nemorosum Wierzb. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 324 (1879)
= Galium pallescens Jan, Elench. Pl. 2: 70 (1831)
= Galium pallidulum Jord., Pug. Pl. Nov.: 80 (1852)
= Galium paulianum F.W.Schultz, Arch. Fl.: 158 (1855)
= Galium petraeum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 284 (1866)
= Galium provinciale Lam., Encycl. 2: 581 (1788)
= Galium pseudocinereum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 285 (1866)
= Galium pseudomollugo Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 10: 464 (1961)
= Galium pubescens Schrad. ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 210 (1831), nom. inval.
= Galium scabrum With., Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 3, 2: 190 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Galium splendens Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 17 (1819)
= Galium tyrolense Willd., Enum. Pl.: 153 (1809)
= Galium virgultorum Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Plat. Centr. 2: 360 (1881)
= Galium viridulum Jord., Pug. Pl. Nov.: 79 (1852)
= Galium vulgare Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 483 (1821)
= Galium ×ochroleucum var. paulianum (F. W.Schultz) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 20 (1903)
= Rubia mollugo (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 372 (1880)
species :
Galium monachinii Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 67 (1849)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
species :
Galium monasterium Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 98 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium sacrorum Krendl, Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 101 1986-87 (1987)
species :
Galium monticolum Sond.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 3: 36 (1865)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Galium montis-arerae Merxm. & Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 104: 228 (1957)
Distribution: N-Italy (Alpi Bergamasche)
13 ITA
Remarks: lucidum agg.
species :
Galium moralesianum Ortega Oliv. & Devesa; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 143(2): 178 (2003)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium boissieranum ssp. moralesianum (Ortega Oliv. & Devesa) Agulló, M.A.Alonso, Juan, J.L.Villar & M.B.Crespo, Lazaroa 31: 160 (2010)
species :
Galium moranii Dempster; Brittonia, 22: 190 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. moranii
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
subspecies :
subsp. aculeolatum (Dempster) Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 19 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aculeolatum Dempster, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 64: 27 (1973)
species :
Galium morii Hayata; Ic. Pl. Formos. 7: 32 (1918)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium sigeyosii Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 33: 620 (1943)
species :
Galium mucroniferum Sond.; Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mucronatum E.Mey. ex Harv. & Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 37 (1865), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. dregeanum (Sond.) Puff; J. S. Afr. Bot., 44(3): 260 (1978)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium dregeanum Sond., Harv. & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 3: 38 (1865)
species :
Galium muelleri (K.Schum.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 328 (1990)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium muelleri K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 406 (1889)
species :
Galium multiflorum Kellogg; Proc. CalifAcad. 2: (1863) 97, f. 27
Name: Shrubby bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium bloomeri A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 6: 538 (1865)
= Galium bloomeri var. hirsutum A.Gray, Bot. California 1: 285 (1876)
= Galium matthewsii var. scabridum Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 963 (1925)
= Galium multiflorum ssp. hirsutum (A.Gray) Ehrend., Contr. Dudley Herb. 5: 10 (1956)
= Galium multiflorum var. hirsutum (A.Gray) A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 40 (1884)
species :
Galium munzii Hilend & Howell; Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 135 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. munzii
Name: Munz´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
subspecies :
subsp. ambivalens Dempster & Ehrend.; Brittonia 17: 309 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Utah)
76 USA
species :
Galium murale (L.) All.; Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur.: 8 (1773)
Name: Yellow wall bedstraw (EN); Mauer-Labkraut (DE); Raspilla menuda (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Corsica; France; Spain; Gibraltar; Italy; Croatia; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; Germany [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Chile [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (N-Egypt); European Turkey; Iran; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Afghanistan (Badghys); Palestine; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Graciosa, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Azores; Somalia; Cape Verde Isl.; USA [I] (California [I]); New Zealand [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 24 SOM 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 50 aus 51 nzl 76 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Aparinanthus muralis (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparine minima All. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 610 (1830)
= Aspera nutans Moench, Methodus: 641 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Galium apsheronicum Pobed., Kom., Fl. URS. S, 23: 710 (1958)
= Galium calvipes Pau, Trab. Mus. Nac. Ci. Nat., Ser. Bot. 14: 36 (1918)
= Galium filiforme (Aiton) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 3: 252 (1818)
= Galium fragile Pourr. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 610 (1830)
= Galium minimum Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 262 (1818), nom. superfl.
= Sherardia muralis L., Sp. Pl. 103 (1753)
= Valantia filiformis Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 428 (1789)
= Valantia rupestris Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 384 (1779)
species :
Galium muricatum W.Wight; Zoe, 5: 56 (1900)
Name: Humboldt bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chartaceum W.Wight, Zoe, 5: 56 (1900)
species :
Galium nabelekii Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 302 (1977)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium handelii Nab., (1923) (nom. illeg., p. p.)
species :
Galium nakaii Kudô; Jap. Journ. Bot. 2: 277 (1925), nomen, Hara in Journ. Jap. Bot. 9: 517(1933), descr.
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium miyabei Koidz. ex Hara, Journ. Jap. Bot. 9: 517 (1933)
species :
Galium nanhumontanum S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 4: 23 (2021)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Galium nankotaizanum Ohwi; Fedde, Repert. 36: 56 (1934)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium maborasense Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan, 29: 219 (1939)
species :
Galium nepalense Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 155 (1-4): 82 (1987)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Galium nevadense Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(2): 115 (1856)
Distribution: S-Spain (mountains); ?Morocco
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nevadense var. vestitum Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 8: 120 (1909)
= Galium sylvestre var. nevadense (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
species :
Galium nigdeense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 101 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Galium nigricans Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 48 (1843)
Distribution: ?Greece; Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Egypt; Syria; Palestine
20 EGY 34 IRN IRQ PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium syriacum Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 47 (1843)
= Galium aleppicum Boiss., Diagn. Ser. 1, 3: 50 (1843)
= Galium vulcanicum Boiss. & Hohen., Diagn. Ser. 1, 10: 70 (1843)
species :
Galium nigroramosum (Ehrend.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 300 (1990)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Argentina (Catamarca, Corrientes, Misiones, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Amambay, Caazapa, Itapua, San Pedro); Uruguay (Durazno); Peru; Bolivia (Tarija)
83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium nigroramosum Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 529 (1955)
species :
Galium nolitangere Ball; Journ. Bot. 11: 335 (1873)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Galium noricum Ehrend.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 100: 672 (1953)
Name: Norisches Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: S-Slovenia; Austria; Germany (Bayern); NE-Italy
11 AUT GER 13 ITA
Remarks: baldense agg.
species :
Galium normanii O.C.Dahl; Skr. Vid.-Selsk. Kristiania (1914): 136 (1915)
Name: Isländisches Labkraut
Distribution: Iceland; W-Norway
10 ICE NOR
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pumilum ssp. islandicum Sterner, Acta Horti Gothob. 15: 213 (1944)
= Galium normanii var. islandicum (Sterner) Á.Löve, Taxon 19: 301 (1970)
species :
Galium novoguineense Diels; Engl. Jahrb. 62: 493 (1929)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Galium noxium (A.St.-Hil.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 292 (1990)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose); Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium noxium ssp. valantioides (Cham. & Schltdl.) Dempster, Allertonia 5: 295 (1990)
= Galium paratyense Vell., Fl. Flum. 1: 43 (1825)
= Relbunium asperum (DC.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 111 (1889)
= Relbunium diffusum (DC.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 111 (1889)
= Relbunium diffusum var. glabrum K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 111 (1889)
= Relbunium hypocarpium f. denticulata Chodat & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 11 4: 192 (1904)
= Relbunium noxium (A.St.-Hil.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 110 (1889)
= Relbunium noxium var. pilcomayense Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farm Fac. Ci. Med. Buenos Aires 21: 119 (1909)
= Relbunium valantioides (Cham. & Schltdl.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 115 (1889)
= Rubia aspera Pohl ex DC., Prodr. 4: 592 (1830)
= Rubia diffusa Pohl ex DC., Prodr. 4: 592 (1830)
= Rubia noxia St.Hil, Hist. Pl. Remarq. Brasil 229 (1824)
= Rubia valantioides Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3: 231 (1828)
species :
Galium numidicum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 293 (1875)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Galium nupercreatum Popov; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 17: 278 (1928)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; S-Iran; Afghanistan (Samangan)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
species :
Galium nuttallii A.Gray; Pl. Wright. 1: 80 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. nuttallii
Name: Climbing bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium suffruticosum Nutt., J. Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 21 (1841), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. insulare Ferris; Contrib. Dudley Herb. 4: 338 (1955)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Galium obliquum Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 19 (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. obliquum
Distribution: France; Italy (Cévennes, Jura, SW-Alps, Appennini)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: rubrum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium alpicola Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 131 (1846)
= Galium brachypodum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 130 (1846)
= Galium corsicum ssp. brachypodum (Jord.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. (1882)
= Galium corsicum Tausch, Flora 14: 221 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Galium gracilentum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 126 (1846)
= Galium jordanii ssp. gracilentum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium laetum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 133 (1846)
= Galium leucophaeum Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 28 (1850)
= Galium luteolum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 128 (1846)
= Galium mucronatum Lam., Encycl. 2: 581 (1788)
= Galium myrianthum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 126 (1846)
= Galium obliquum ssp. prostii (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum subvar. myrianthum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum var. alpicola (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum var. brachypodum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum var. leucophaeum (Gren. & Godr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum var. luteolum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium obliquum var. pseudomyrianthum (Gennari) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium obliquum var. rubriflorum Cariot & St.-Lag., Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 390 (1889)
= Galium obliquum var. tomophyllum (Gand.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium pallens Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 77 (1799)
= Galium prostii Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 123 (1846)
= Galium pseudomyrianthum Gennari, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, II, 17: 466 (1858)
= Galium rubidum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 121 (1846)
= Galium rubrum ssp. mucronatum (Lam.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 329 (1879)
= Galium rubrum ssp. obliquum (Vill.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 26 (1903)
= Galium rubrum ssp. rubidum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 329 (1879)
= Galium rubrum subvar. rubriflorum (Cariot & St.-Lag.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 27 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. alpicola (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. brachypodum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. gracilentum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. laetum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. leucophaeum (Gren. & Godr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. luteolum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 28 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. myrianthum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 27 (1903)
= Galium rubrum var. rubidum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 27 (1903)
= Galium tomophyllum Gand., Fl. Lyon.: 114 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. neoluteolum Arrigoni; Fl. Analítica Toscana 6: 354 (2019)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Galium obovatum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 336 (1819)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); ?Honduras
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium lappaceum Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 1: 59 (1798)
= Galium rotundifolium var. uncinulatum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 120 (1898)
species :
Galium obtusum Bigelow; Fl. Bost. ed. II. 55 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. obtusum
Name: Bluntleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium trifidum var. latifolium Torr., Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 165 (1824)
= Galium obtusum var. ramosum Gleason, Phytologia 4: 24 (1952)
subspecies :
subsp. filifolium (Wiegand) Puff; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 104(3): 207 (1977)
Name: Bluntleaf bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, South Carolina, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium filifolium (Wiegand ) Small, Man. Southeast. Fl. 1268 (1933)
= Galium obtusum var. filifolium (Wiegand) Fernald, Rhodora 37: 443 (1935)
= Galium tinctorium var. filifolium Wiegand, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 24: 397 (1897)
species :
Galium octonarium (Klokov) Pobed.; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. (Leningrad) 7: 278 (1971)
Distribution: Bulgaria; ?Poland; Romania; European Turkey; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan
13 BUL ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula octonaria Klokov, Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 18: 229 (1957)
= Asperula tomentella Dubovik, Ukrayin. Bot. Zhurn. 21: No. 2. 93 (1964)
= Galium dubovicii Ostapko, Konspekt Fl. Yugo-Vost. Ukrainy 130 (1985), nom. nov. for Asperula tomentella Dubovik
= Galium octonarium (Klokov) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hungar. 9: 427 (1963), non rite publ.
= Galium octonarium (Klokov) Soó, Feddes Repert., 83(3): 168 (1972)
species :
Galium odoratum (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 1: 105 (1771)
Name: Waldmeister (DE), Sweetscented bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl. [I]; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; NE-Spain; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Algeria; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Pakistan (Kurram); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shandong, Sichuan); North Korea; South Korea; USA [I] (Colorado [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 cis COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 PAK 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula eugeniae K.Richt., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. (1888) 110 nomen, et in Abhandl. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 38: 219 (1888)
= Asperula matrisylva Gilib., Exerc. Bot.: 5 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Asperula odora Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 57 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Asperula odorata f. latifolia (T.Marsson) Werner Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 212 (1922)
= Asperula odorata L., Sp. Pl. 103 (1753)
= Asperula odorata var. latifolia T.Marsson, 217 (1869)
= Asterophyllum asperula K.F.Schimp. & Spenn., Spenn. Fl. Friburg. 3: 1077 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Asterophyllum sylvaticum K.F.Schimp. & Spenn., Spenn. Fl. Friburg. 3: 1077 (1829)in obs.
= Chlorostemma odoratum (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 398 (1868)
= Galium matrisylva F.H.Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 13 (1780), nom. superfl.
= Galium odoratum var. eugeniae (K.Richt.) Ehrend., E. Janch., Fl. Wien, Niederost. & Nordburg., ed. 2: 470 (1977), without basionym ref.
species :
Galium oelandicum (Sterner & Hyl.) Ehrend.; Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 418 (1960)
Distribution: Sweden (Øland)
10 SWE
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pumilum ssp. oelandicum Sterner ex Hyl., Forteckn. Skand. Vaxt. 1: 112 (1941), nom. nud.
species :
Galium olgae Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiew), 1974: 107 (1974)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
species :
Galium olivetorum Le Houér.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 57: 105 (1960)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Galium olympicum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 41 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pyrenaicum Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 92 (1806), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium ophiolithicum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 104 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Galium oreganum Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 21: 31 (1894)
Name: Oregon bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium kamtschaticum ssp. oreganum (Britton) Piper, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 526 (1906)
= Galium kamtschaticum var. oreganum (Britton) Piper, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 526 (1906)
species :
Galium oreophilum Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 94 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: Greece; Macedonia; ?Albania
13 GRC NMA
species :
Galium oresbium Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33: 462 (1898)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Galium orizabense Hemsl.; Diag. Pl. Nov. 54 (1878)
subspecies :
subsp. orizabense
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Costa Rica; Guatemala; Panama; Colombia (Valle); Venezuela (Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium uncinulatum var. nanum Greenm., Proc. Am. Acad. 33: 459 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. laevicaule (Weath. & Blake) Dempster; Allertonia, 2(8): 411 (1981)
Name: Bald bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium pilosum var. laevicaule Weath. & Blake, Rhodora 18: 194 (1916)
species :
Galium oshtenicum Ehrend. & Schanzer ex Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn., 77(10): 72 (1992)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar)
33 NCS
species :
Galium ossirwaense Krause; Engl. Jahrb. 43: 159 (1909)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Mozambique
25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium mollicomum Bullock, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 498 (1932)
= Galium mollicomum var. friesiorum Bullock, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 498 (1932)
variant :
var. glabrum Verdc.; Kew Bull., 30(3): 474 (1975)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Galium ostenianum (Standl.) Dempster; Allertonia 5: 330 (1990)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Treinta y Tres)
84 BRA 85 URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Relbunium ostenianum Standl., Ostenia 120 (1923)
species :
Galium ovalleanum Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 85: 734 (1894)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
species :
Galium ovitdaghense Daskin; Nordic J. Bot. 36(1-2)-e01597: 2 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium pabulosum Sommier & Levier; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 2: 31 (1894)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Galium palaeoitalicum Ehrend.; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 68: 271 (1974)
Distribution: Italy (Mte. Pollino, Alpi Apuane)
13 ITA
species :
Galium palustre L.; Sp. Pl. 105 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. palustre
Name: Sumpf-Labkraut (DE), Common marsh bedstraw (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; ?Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Crete; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; ?Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Algeria; Morocco; Argentina [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); European Turkey; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.); India; USA (Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 21 AZO 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR 40 IND 51 ctm nzl 70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA 85 arg
Remarks: palustre agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium diffusum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 7 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium fontinale K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 469 (1851)
= Galium glomeratum Vill. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 216 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Galium incarnatum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 8 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Galium masferreri Sennen, Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 177 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Galium montanum With., Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 3, 2: 187 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Galium palustre f. caespitosum Neuman, 107 (1901)
= Galium palustre f. humifusum (Reut.) E.Baumann, 455 (1911)
= Galium palustre f. submersum Glück, 29 (1911)
= Galium palustre ssp. caespitosum (Neuman) Oberd., 342 (1949)
= Galium palustre var. balticum Apelgren, Nordic J. Bot., 10(6): 588 (1991)
= Galium palustre var. bertolonii Uechtr., 439 (1822)
= Galium palustre var. brachyphyllum Opiz, F. Berchtold & al., Oekon.-Techn. Fl. Böhm. 2: 66 (1838)
= Galium palustre var. humifusum Reut., 100 (1861)
= Galium palustre var. lanceolatum Uechtr., 440 (1822)
= Galium palustre var. leiogonum Láng, Soc. Regia Bot. Ratisbon., 187 (1824)
= Galium palustre var. lineare Uechtr., 440 (1822)
= Galium palustre var. majus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 280 (1866)
= Galium palustre var. maximum Heinr.Braun, A. J. R. Kerner von Marilaun, Sched. Fl. Exs. Austro-Hung. 6: 77 (1893)
= Galium palustre var. morisianum Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 43 (1903)
= Galium palustre var. rupicola Des Moul., Cat. Rais. Pl. Dordogne: 77 (1840)
= Galium palustre var. umbrosum Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 276 (1860)
= Galium palustre var. vulgare Uechtr., 439 (1822)
= Galium palustre var. witheringii (Sm.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 328 (1879)
= Galium palustre var. witheringii (Sm.) Syme, 222 (1865)
= Galium reuteri f. submersum W.Koch, 39 (1926), nom. inval.
= Galium reuteri W.Koch, 31 (1926)
= Galium rumelicum Formánek, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 36: 70 (1898)
= Galium rupicola (Desm.) Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3, 2: 306 (1857)
= Galium vayredae Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 652 (1926 publ. 1927)
= Galium witheringii Sm., Fl. Brit.: 174 (1800)
= Rubia palustris (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 873 (1880)
subspecies :
subsp. tetraploideum A.R.Clapham ex Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal, 2: 74, 565 (1984)
Distribution: Portugal; France; Spain; England; Switzerland; Germany; etc.
10 GRB 11 GER SWI 12 FRA POR SPA
Remarks: separated from G. palustre (2n: 24) on cytological basis (2n: 48)
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium tetraploideum (A.R.Clapham ex Franco) G.H.Loos, Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins (2010)
species :
Galium pamphylicum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 69 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium paniculatum (Bunge) Pobed.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 7: 277 1970 (1971)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula paniculata Bunge, Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 140 (1829)
= Galium xinjiangense W.C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 28(4): 304-305, f. 2 (1990)
species :
Galium papilliferum Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 253 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium papillosum Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pyr. 66 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. papillosum
Distribution: N-Spain; SW-France; N-Portugal; Andorra
12 ADO FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asturiocantabricum Ehrend., Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 409 (1960)
= Galium commune var. nouletianum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium commune var. papillosum (Lapeyr.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium hirsutum Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 25 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Galium langei (Cout.) P.Silva, Agron. Lusit. 34: 194 (1972 publ. 1973), nom. illeg.
= Galium nouletianum Baill. & Timb.-Lagr., Mem. Acad. Toul. Ser. V. 6: 233 (1862)
= Galium papillosum var. hirsutum Lapeyr. ex Clos, Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse, V, 1: 237 (1857)
= Galium papillosum var. nouletianum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium pumilum ssp. rivulare (Boiss. & Reut.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 3: 571 (1996)
= Galium rivulare Boiss. & Reut., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp. 15 (1842)
= Galium uliginosum ssp. langei Cout., Not. Fl. Port. 7: 7 (1930)
= Galium umbellatum var. nouletianum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 142 (1902)
= Galium umbellatum var. papillosum (Lapeyr.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 142 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. helodes (Hoffmanns. & Link) Malag. ex Ortega Oliv. & Devesa; Acta Bot. Malac. 28: 207 (2003)
Distribution: Portugal; NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium helodes Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 2:47 1820 (1824)
= Galium uliginosum var. helodes (Hoffmanns. & Link) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
species :
Galium papuanum Wernham; Trans. L. Soc., Bot. 9: 79 (1916)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Galium parishii Hilend & Howell; Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 136 (1934)
Name: Parish´s bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium multiflorum var. parvifolium Parish, Zoe 5: 75 (1900)
= Galium parvifolium (Parish) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. 963 (1925)
species :
Galium parisiense L.; Sp. Pl. 108 (1753)
Name: Pariser Labkraut (DE); Wall bedstraw (EN); Raspilla de Paris (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Baleares; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Slovakia; France; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, +Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, +Thüringen); Switzerland; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Slovakia; Lithuania; Chile [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Egypt (SE-Egypt); European Turkey; Lebanon (Antilebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jbel Druze); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I])
10 GRB 11 AUT BGM GER HUN SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 LIT 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR 71 cdn 73 usa 76 usa 85 cle
Remarks: parisiense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Aparine parisiensis (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 2: 150 (1770)
= Aparinella decipiens (Jord.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparinella litigiosa (DC.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparinella parisiensis (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Aparinella ruricola (Jord.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 16: 397 (1868)
= Galium anglicum ssp. decipiens (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879)
= Galium anglicum ssp. parisiense (L.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Galium anglicum var. chamaeaparine (Willk. & Costa) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879)
= Galium anglicum var. litigiosum (DC.) W.D.J.Koch, 331 (1836)
= Galium anglicum var. parisiense (L.) Macreight, 113 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Galium anglicum var. ruricolum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 330 (1879)
= Galium axillare C.Presl ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 178 (1827)
= Galium chamaeaparina Willk. & Costa, Linnaea, 30: 1859 102 (1860)
= Galium decipiens Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 178 (1846)
= Galium divaricatum var. adscendens Tausch, 353 (1835)
= Galium divaricatum var. erectum Tausch, 353 (1835)
= Galium gracile var. echinospermum Wallr., 177 (1840)
= Galium gracile var. leiospermum Wallr., 177 (1840)
= Galium gracile var. trachyspermum Wallr., 177 (1840)
= Galium gracile Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 57 (1822)
= Galium intricatulum Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 11-12: 192 (1908)
= Galium intricatum Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 398 (1868), nom. superfl.
= Galium litigiosum DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç. 4: 263 (1805)
= Galium litigiosum var. nanum DC., Prodr. 4: 609 (1830)
= Galium microspermum Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 130 (1798)
= Galium minutiflorum Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 151 (1804)
= Galium parisiense ssp. anglicum (Huds.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 438 (1828)
= Galium parisiense ssp. anglicum (Huds.) Gremli, 219 (1874)
= Galium parisiense ssp. anglicum (Huds.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 47 (1903)
= Galium parisiense ssp. decipiens (Fourr.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 53 (1884)
= Galium parisiense ssp. litigiosum (DC.) Gremli, 219 (1874)
= Galium parisiense ssp. tenellum (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 48 (1903)
= Galium parisiense var. asterolinoides Murr, 134 (1899)
= Galium parisiense var. diffusum Moritzi, 87 (1832)
= Galium parisiense var. gracile (Wallr.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 46 (1903)
= Galium parisiense var. lasiocarpum Reut., M. Willk. & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 324 (1868)
= Galium parisiense var. leucocarpum Wender., 36 (1846)
= Galium parisiense var. nudum Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 42 (1850)
= Galium parisiense var. parvifolium Moritzi, 87 (1832)
= Galium parisiense var. ruricola (Jord.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 47 (1903)
= Galium parisiense var. vestitum Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 42 (1850), nom. inval.
= Galium parviflorum Moench, Methodus: 486 (1794)
= Galium perpusillum Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 43 (1789)
= Galium rubrum Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 155 (1776), nom. illeg.
= Galium ruricola Jord., Pug. Pl. Nov.: 81 (1852)
= Galium spurium All., Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur.: 5 (1773), nom. illeg.
= Galium tenellum Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 3: 180 (1846)
= Galium tenerum Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 128 (1805)
= Galium willkommianum Batt., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 354 (1886), pro syn.
variant :
var. leiocarpum Tausch; 354 (1835)
Distribution: quite frequent in most of the area of the species
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium anglicum Huds., Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 69 (1778)
= Galium parisiense var. anglicum (Huds.) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2: 1122 (1893)
= Galium parisiense var. anglicum (Huds.) Garcke, 216 (1848)
= Galium parisiense var. trichocarpum Tausch, 354 (1835), nom. inval.
= Galium scabrum Spreng., Fl. Hal.: 52 (1832), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium parvulum Hub.-Mor. ex Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 257 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium paschale Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 203 (1775)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; SE-Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula longifolia Sm., Sibth. & J. E. Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 87 (1806)
= Galium bulgaricum Velen., Fl. Bulg. 231 (1891)
= Galium effusum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3: 35 (1843)
= Galium longifolium (Sibth. & Sm.) Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 157 (1844)
species :
Galium pastorale Krendl; Bot. Chronika, 6-7: 139 1986-87 (1987)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
species :
Galium peloponnesiacum Ehrend. & Krendl; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 68: 271 (1974)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: incurvum agg.
species :
Galium penduliflorum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 46 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium pendulum Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 41: 249 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Galium penicillatum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 68 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Egypt (NE-Egypt); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
20 EGY 34 SIN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nigricans var. brachychaetum Boiss., Fl. 3: 74 (1875)
species :
Galium pennellii Dempster; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 73: 31 (1978)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Galium peplidifolium Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 3: 46 (1843)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
13 KRI 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR
species :
Galium perpusillum (Hook.fil.) Allan; Fl. N. Zeal. 1: 592 (1961)
Distribution: New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula aristifera Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 21: 1888. 88 (1889)
= Asperula fragrantissima Armstr., Trans. N. Z. Inst. 14: 359 (1882)
= Asperula perpusilla Hook., Fl. Nov. Zel. 114 (1852)
species :
Galium perralderii Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 9: 172 (1862)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Galium peruvianum Dempster & Ehrend.; Allertonia 2(8): 404 (1981)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Galium pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 65 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium grandiflorum Ehrenb. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 52 (1875)
species :
Galium petrae Oliv. ex Hart; Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. 28: 433 (1885)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Galium philippianum Dempster; Allertonia 2: 266 (1980)
Distribution: Peru; Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Reg. Metropolitana)
83 PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium dasycarpon Kunze ex Walp., Nov. Act. Aca. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. g(suppl. 1): 357 (1843)
species :
Galium philippinense Merr.; Philipp. Journ. Sci. 1: Suppl. 238 (1906)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Galium philistaeum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 71 (1849)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, C-Israel)
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium philistaeum f. calvescens Feinbrun, Israel J. Bot., 25 (1-2): 81 (1976)
species :
Galium pierredmondii Blanca, Cueto, J.Fuentes & Ortega Oliv.; Phytotaxa 487(3): 255 (2021), nom. nov.
Distribution: S- & SC-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula asperrima Boiss., Elench. Pl. Nov.: 56 (1838)
= Asperula asperrima var. eriocarpa (Boiss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 334 (1879)
= Asperula asperrima var. glabrescens Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne: 281 (1840)
= Asperula asperrima var. hirsuta Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne: 281 (1840)
species :
Galium pilosissimum (Cufod.) R.Bhattacharjee; Fl. Pl. India Annot. Checkl. 1: 657 (2020)
Distribution: India
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium asperifolium var. pilosissimum Cufod., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 89: 240 (1940)
species :
Galium pilosum Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1: 145 (1789)
Name: Hairy bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario); Dominican Republic; Haiti
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium puncticulosum var. pilosum (Aiton) DC., Prodr. 4: 601 (1830), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. puncticulosum (Michx.) Torr. & Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 24 (1841)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium punctatum Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 128 (1805)
= Galium puncticulosum Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 1: 80 (1803)
= Galium purpureum Walter, Fl. Carol.: 87 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Galium walteri J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat.: 237 (1791)
species :
Galium pisiferum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 67 (1849)
Distribution: Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR
species :
Galium platygalium (Maxim.) Pobed.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 7: 277 1970 (1971)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi); Russian Far East; North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula platygalium Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 284 (1874)
= Asperula platygalium var. alpina Maxim., Neolin. Fl. Manshur. 585 (1979)
= Rubia gracilis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 111 (1867)
species :
Galium plumosum Rusby; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 3(3): 49 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. plumosum
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium cochabambense Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 6: 52 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. flossdorfii (Hicken) Dempster; Allertonia 2: 264 (1980)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium flossdorfii Hicken, Darwiniana 1: 36 (1922)
species :
Galium pobedimovae Balde; Turczaninowia 15(2): 34 (2012)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva)
30 SIB
species :
Galium poiretianum Ball; Journ. L. Soc. 16: 484 (1878)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium jolyi Batt., Contrib. Fl. Atlant. 42 (1919)
= Rubia laevis Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 111 (1789), non Galium laeve Thuill. (1799)
species :
Galium pojarkovae Pobed.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 23: 715 (1958)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan; Iran
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 IRN
species :
Galium polyacanthum (Baker) Puff; Pl. Syst. Evol., 140(1): 64 (1982)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthospermum polyacanthum Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 20: 171 (1884)
species :
Galium polyanthum I.Thomps.; Muelleria 27(1): 89 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Galium porrigens Dempster; Madroño 22: 313 (1974)
Name: Graceful bedstraw
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nuttallii var. ovalifolium Dempster, Brittonia 10: 183 (1958)
= Galium nuttallii ssp. ovalifolium (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 37 (1968)
variant :
var. tenue (Dempster) Dempster; Madroño 22: 313 (1974)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium nuttallii ssp. tenue (Dempster) Dempster & Stebbins, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 46: 37 (1968)
= Galium nuttallii var. tenue Dempster, Brittonia 10: 185 (1958)
species :
Galium praemontanum Mardal.; Bot. Zhurn., 70(2): 263 (1985)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Galium praetermissum Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 32: 306 (1897)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Galium prattii Cufod.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 89: 244 (1940)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Galium pringlei Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33: 458 (1898)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Galium problematicum (Ehrend.) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol., 174(3-4): 207 (1991)
Distribution: C-Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. problematicum Ehrend., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 235 (1949)
species :
Galium procurrens Ehrend.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 124: 1 (1975)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Montenegro
13 ALB BUL MNT
Remarks: sylvaticum agg.
species :
Galium productum Lowe; Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 4: 29 (1831)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
species :
Galium proliferum A.Gray; Pl. Wright. 2: 67 (1853)
Name: Limestone bedstraw
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium proliferum var. subnudum Greenm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33: 461 (1898)
= Galium virgatum var. diffusum A.Gray, Smithson. Contrib. Knowl. 3(5): 80 (1852)
species :
Galium propinquum A.Cunn.; Ann. Nat. Hist. 2: 205 (1839)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl., Ruapuke Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium erythrocaulon Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 332 (1884)
= Galium propinquum var. elongatum Hook.fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 113 (1852)
= Galium propinquum var. glabratum Hook.fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 113 (1852)
= Galium propinquum var. hispidulum Hook.fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 113 (1852)
= Galium umbrosum G.Forst. ex Hook.fil., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 1: 121 (1864), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium pruinosum Boiss.; Elenchus 57 (1838)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Galium pseudaristatum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 282 (1866)
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Romania; Ukraine
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC NMA ROM SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium aristatum ssp. papillosum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 325 (1879)
= Galium aristatum var. scabrum Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 157 (1844)
= Galium asperuliflorum Borbás, Fl. Comit. Temesiensis: 44 (1884)
= Galium heuffelii Borbás, Kozlem. Magyar Tudom. Akad. 12: 88 (1876)
= Galium heuffelii f. glabrum Urum., Magyar Bot. Lapok 12: 218 (1913)
= Galium matteji (Bald.) Hayek, Fedde, Repert. Beih. 30: II. 456 (1930)
= Galium oligotrichum Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transsilv. 285 (1886)
= Galium papillosum Heuff., Flora 40: 563 (1857), nom. superfl.
= Galium pseudaristatum f. cernavskii Gajic, Sumarstvo 25(5-6): 24 (1972)
= Galium pseudaristatum f. jovanovicii Gajic, Sumarstvo 25(5-6): 24 (1972)
= Galium pseudaristatum var. angustifolium Gajic, Sumarstvo 25(5-6): 24 (1972)
= Galium pseudaristatum var. heuffelii (Borbás) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 460 (1930)
= Galium pseudaristatum var. scabrum (Griseb.) Hayek, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 99: 94 (1924)
= Galium sylvaticum var. matteji Bald., Malpighia 8: 180 (1894)
= Galium sylvaticum var. pseudaristatum (Schur) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
= Galium turcicum Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 231 (1891)
species :
Galium pseudocapitatum Hub.-Mor. ex Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. 37: 262, t. 3, f. c (1979)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Galium pseudohelveticum Ehrend.; Sitz.-Ber. Akad. Wiss. Wien (Math.-Nat. Kl., Abt. I) 169: 415 (1960)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: helveticum agg.
species :
Galium pseudokurdicum (Ehrend.) Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 304 (1977)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); W-Iran; S-Iran
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium subvelutinum ssp. pseudokurdicum Ehrend., Rech. fil., Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 56: 233 (1948)
species :
Galium pseudorivale Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 18: 255 (1981) [nom. nov.]
Distribution: Crimea; Lithuania; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; N-Iran; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
14 KRY LIT RUS UKR 32 TZK UZB 33 ARM NCS 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asperula rivalis var. schelkwnikowianum Bordz., Visn. Kyyivs´koho Bot. Sadu 12-13: 140 (1931)
= Galium rivale ssp. aparine (M.Bieb.) Mikheev, Bot. Zhurn., 77(10): 71 (1992)
= Asperula aparine M.Bieb., Fl. Galic. 1: 114 (1808) non Galium aparine L.
= Galium schelkownikowianum (Bordz.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 176 (1973)
= Galium uliginosum Pall. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 102 (1808), nom. illeg.
species :
Galium pseudotriflorum Dempster & Ehrend.; Allertonia 2(8): 421 (1981)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Bolivia (La Paz); Colombia (Cundinamarca, Magdalena); Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela (Merida)
80 COS 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
species :
Galium psilocladum Ehrend.; Fl. Iranica 176: 209 (2005)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); N-Iraq; W-Iran
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Galium pterocarpum Ehrend.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 389, f. 7c (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium pulvinatum Boiss.; Elenchus 57 (1838)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. de las Nieves, Sa. Blanca)
12 SPA
species :
Galium pumilio Standl.; Publ. Field Mus., Bot. 4: 298 (1929)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
species :
Galium pumilum Murray; Prodr. Stirp. Götting. 44 (1770)
Name: Heide-Labkraut, Niedriges Labkraut (DE)
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Lithuania; Finland [I]; Sweden [I]; Ukraine
10 DEN fin GRB swe 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 EST LIT UKR
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium anisophyllum var. falcatum Auersw. ex Wirtg., 222 (1857)
= Galium argenteum Vill., Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 20 (1779)
= Galium asperum f. nitidulum (Thuill.) Werner Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 214 (1922)
= Galium asperum Schreb., Spic. Fl. Lips.: 3 (1771)
= Galium asperum subvar. commutatum (Jord.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum subvar. laeve (Thuill.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum subvar. nitidulum (Thuill.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum subvar. scabrifolium (Rchb.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum subvar. scabrum (Jacq.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum var. montanum (Vill.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 218 (1914)
= Galium asperum var. pubescens (Schrad.) Hayek, Hayek & Hegi, 217 (1914)
= Galium bicolor Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 4: 17 (1821)
= Galium bocconei All., 6 (1785)
= Galium bocconii DC., Prodr. 4: 594 (1830), nom. superfl.
= Galium bocconii var. nitidulum (Thuill.) Duby, Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 249 (1828)
= Galium caespitosum Ramond, Ann. Sci. Nat.: 55 (1826)
= Galium chlorophyllum Baill. & Timb.-Lagr., Mem. Acad. Toul. Ser. V. 6: 235 (1862)
= Galium ciliatum Schrank, Prim. Fl. Salisb.: 51 (1792), nom. illeg.
= Galium commune ssp. argenteum (Vill.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 144 (1902)
= Galium commune ssp. umbellatum (Lam.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 141 (1902)
= Galium commune var. chlorophyllum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium commune var. scabrifolium (Rchb.) Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium commune var. thuillieri Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 143 (1902)
= Galium commutatum Jord., Obs. Pl. Crit. 3: 149 (1846)
= Galium decipiens Roth, Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 478 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Galium elatum J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat.: 238 (1791), nom. illeg.
= Galium erectum Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1(1): 72 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Galium erectum var. scabridum DC., Prodr. 4: 596 (1830)
= Galium hirtellum (Gaudin) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Tirol 6(3): 381 (1912)
= Galium hispidum Schrad., Spic. Fl. Germ.: 14 (1794)
= Galium hoffmannii Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 658 (1840)
= Galium jussiaei Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 63 (1813)
= Galium laeve Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 77 (1799)
= Galium montanum Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 317b (1787), nom. superfl.
= Galium multicaule var. eriophyllum Wallr., 54 (1822)
= Galium multicaule var. oxyphyllum Wallr., 54 (1822)
= Galium multicaule Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 53 (1822)
= Galium nitidulum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 76 (1799)
= Galium obscurum Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 3: 86 (1852)
= Galium opacum Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 3: 93 (1852)
= Galium podlachicum Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 2: 337 (1809)
= Galium pubescens Schltdl. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 596 (1830), pro syn.
= Galium pumilum ssp. asperum (Schreb.) O.Schwarz, 117 (1949)
= Galium pumilum ssp. caespitosum (Ramond) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 37 (1903)
= Galium pumilum ssp. vulgatum (Gaudin) Schinz & Thell., 84 (1913)
= Galium pumilum var. caespitosum (Ramond) Req. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 595 (1830)
= Galium pumilum var. laeve (Thuill.) Ronniger, Janch. & H. Neumayer, 286 (1942)
= Galium pumilum var. nitidulum (Thuill.) Ronniger, Janch. & H. Neumayer, 286 (1942)
= Galium pumilum var. scabrifolium (Rchb.) Braun-Blanq., 289 (1933)
= Galium pusillum Sm., Engl. Bot. 2: t. 74 (1793), nom. illeg.
= Galium pusillum var. glabrum (Schrad.) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz, 5 (1814)
= Galium pusillum var. hirsutum Wallr., 22 (1815)
= Galium pusillum var. hirtum (Wender.) Jess., 85 (1879)
= Galium pusillum var. hispidum (Schrad.) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz, 5 (1814)
= Galium pusillum var. pubescens (Schrad.) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz, 5 (1814)
= Galium scabridum Willk., Flora, 35: 541 (1852)
= Galium scabrum Jacq., Fl. Austriac. 5: 10 (1778), nom. superfl.
= Galium scabrum ssp. nitidulum (Thuill.) Oborny, 737 (1885)
= Galium silvivagum Baill. & Timb.-Lagr., Mem. Acad. Toul. Ser. V. 6: 239 (1862)
= Galium supinum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 379 (1779)
= Galium supinum var. pubescens Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 90 (1836)
= Galium sylvestre f. bocconei (All.) Lindm., 507 (1918)
= Galium sylvestre f. hirtum (Wender.) Stefánsson, 186 (1901)
= Galium sylvestre Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 151 (1776), nom. superfl.
= Galium sylvestre ssp. bocconei (All.) Schübl. & G.Martens, 101 (1834)
= Galium sylvestre ssp. commutatum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre ssp. nitidulum (Thuill.) Bonnier, Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 39 (1922)
= Galium sylvestre ssp. virens Moritzi, 89 (1832)
= Galium sylvestre var. alpinum Rchb., XX (1833)
= Galium sylvestre var. argenteum (Vill.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. bocconei (All.) Boenn., 43 (1824)
= Galium sylvestre var. bocconii Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. chlorophyllum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. glabrum Schreb., Spic. Fl. Lips.: 121 (1771)
= Galium sylvestre var. hirsutum Wirtg., 86 (1842)
= Galium sylvestre var. hirtellum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 429 (1828)
= Galium sylvestre var. hirtum Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 701 (1823)
= Galium sylvestre var. hispidum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 209 (1831)
= Galium sylvestre var. laeve Coss. & Germ., Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 446 (1861)
= Galium sylvestre var. montanum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. nitidulum (Thuill.) Crép., Man. Fl. Belgique, ed. 2: 196 (1866)
= Galium sylvestre var. nitidulum (Thuill.) Syme, 220 (1865)
= Galium sylvestre var. pubescens Schrad., 13 (1794)
= Galium sylvestre var. pubescens Schreb., Spic. Fl. Lips.: 13 (1771)
= Galium sylvestre var. pumilum Wimm. & Grab., 126 (1827)
= Galium sylvestre var. pygmaeum Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 792 (1823)
= Galium sylvestre var. rubriflorum Gillot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 41: 30 (1894)
= Galium sylvestre var. scabrifolium Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 209 (1831)
= Galium sylvestre var. scabrum (Jacq.) Rösler, 110 (1839)
= Galium sylvestre var. scabrum Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. silvivagum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 327 (1879)
= Galium sylvestre var. supinum (Lam.) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 792 (1823)
= Galium sylvestre var. vulgare Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 1: 126 (1827), nom. inval. Galium commune var. vulgare Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 142 (1902), nom. inval.
= Galium tenue ssp. jussiaei (Lapeyr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 326 (1879)
= Galium umbellatum Lam., Encycl. 2: 579 (1788)
= Galium umbellatum var. chlorophyllum (Baill. & Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 142 (1902)
= Galium umbellatum var. scabrifolium (Rchb.) Rouy, Bull. Assoc. Franç. Bot. 5: 142 (1902)
species :
Galium pusillosetosum Hara; Journ. Jap. Bot. 51:134, fig. 2 (1976)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU NEP
species :
Galium pusillum L.; Sp. Pl. 106 (1753)
Distribution: SE-France; NW-Italy; Andorra; NE-Spain; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: pusillum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium hypnoides Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 323 (1787)
= Galium jussiei Vill., Prosp. Hist. Pl. Dauphiné: 20 (1779)
= Galium lucidum var. pubescens (Req. ex Guérin) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 152 (1889)
= Galium pubescens Req. ex Guérin, Descr. Font. Vaucluse, ed. 2: 249 (1813)
= Galium pumilum Lam., Encycl. 2: 580 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Galium pumilum ssp. pusillum (L.) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 37 (1903)
= Galium pumilum var. hypnoides (Vill.) DC., Prodr. 4: 595 (1830)
= Galium pumilum var. pubescens (Req. ex Guérin) DC., Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 6: 496 (1815)
= Galium pumilum var. rectum Req. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 595 (1830)
= Galium pusillum ssp. hypnoides (Vill.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 14: 100 (1983)
= Galium pusillum var. hypnoides (Vill.) Gren., Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 36 (1850)
= Galium tenue var. hypnoides (Vill.) Cariot & St.-Lag., Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 394 (1889)
= Galium trichophyllum All., Auct. Syn. Stirp. Horti Taur.: 1 (1773)
species :
Galium pyrenaicum Gouan; Obs. Bot. 5 (1773)
Distribution: SE- & N-Spain; SW-France; Andorra
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium muscoides Lam., Encycl. 2: 580 (1788)
= Galium pumilum ssp. pyrenaicum (Gouan) Rouy, Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 8: 38 (1903)
= Galium sadleri Friv. ex Hampe, Flora 20: 225 (1837)
species :
Galium qaradaghense Schönb.-Tem.; Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 303 (1977)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Galium quichense Dempster; Phytologia 26: 12 (1973)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Galium radulifolium Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 251 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Galium ramboi Dempster; Allertonia 5: 328 (1990)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)
84 BRA
species :
Galium rebae R.R.Mill; Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(2): 195 (1996)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); Nepal; Tibet; China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Galium reiseri Halácsy; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 45., 338 (1895)
Distribution: Greece (N-Sporades)
13 GRC
species :
Galium rhodopeum Velen.; Sitz.-Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. (Math.-Nat. Kl.) 1893(37): 32 (1893)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Serbia & Kosovo; Turkey
13 BUL GRC SRB 34 TUR
Remarks: incurvum agg.
species :
Galium richardianum (Hook. & Arn.) Endl. ex Walp.; Rep. Bot. Syst. 2: 459 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. richardianum
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Caaguazu); Uruguay (Colonia, Montevideo); Peru
83 PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Galium chaetophorum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wissensch. Göttingen 19: 160 (1874)
= Galium chaetophorum var. prostraturn Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 119 (1898)
= Galium chaetophorum var. strictum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3: 119 (1898)
= Galium ciliatum var. richardianum (Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 119 (1898)
= Galium patagonicum Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 120 (1898)
= Relbunium chaetophorum (Griseb.) K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 6(6). 114 (1889)
= Relbunium echinocarpum Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boiss. II 7: 365 (1907)
= Relbunium patagonicum (Kuntze) K.Schum., Just Jahresber. 26: 393 (1900)
= Relbunium richardianum (Hook. & Arn.) Hicken, Physis 2: 117 (1916)
= Relbunium richardianum ssp. patagonicum (Kuntze) Ehrend., Bot. Jahrb. 76: 531 (1955)
= Relbunium tenuissimum Krause, Bot. Jahrb. 40: 350 (1908)
= Rubia richardiana Gillies ex Hook. & Arn., Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 363 (1833)
subspecies :
subsp. haenkeanum