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V. 12.11
Mar 7th, 2022

138.0000 Family Asparagaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 40 (1789), nom. cons., s. lat.
ca. 140 genera, ca. 3400 spp. The family is nowadays expanded very much to include all of former Asparagales (from Tecophilaeaceae to Ruscaceae)
Species listed in database: 3472; hybrids: 23
= Agavaceae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 57, 58 (1829), nom. cons.
= Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M. W.Chase & Rudall, Kew Bull. 52: 995 (1997)
= Anthericaceae J.Agardh, Theoria Syst. Pl.: 27 (1858)
= Aphyllanthaceae Burnett, Outlines Bot.: 421, 1153 (1835)
= Aspidistraceae Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 32 (1844)
= Behniaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall, Kew Bull. 52: 996 (1997)
= Chlorogalaceae Doweld & Reveal, Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 53 (2005)
= Convallariaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 53 (1834)
= Dracaenaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 73 (1866), nom. cons.
= Eriospermaceae Orb., Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 5: 402 (1845)
= Eucomidaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 16 (1866)
= Eustrephaceae Chupov, Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(3): 7 (1994)
= Herreriaceae Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 290 (1850)
= Hesperocallidaceae Traub, Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Hostaceae B.Mathew, Kew Bull. 43: 302 (1988)
= Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 1: 315 (1797)
= Lachenaliaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 20 (1866)
= Laxmanniaceae Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 111 (1902)
= Lomandraceae Lotsy, Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 761 (1911)
= Nolinaceae Nakai, Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 226 (1943)
= Ophiopogonaceae Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen., Tab. Diagn. 397, Comm. 308 (1842)
= Ornithogalaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 33 (1866)
= Peliosanthaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Polygonataceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Ruscaceae M.Roem., Handb. Allg. Bot. 3: 446 (1840), nom. cons.
= Sansevieriaceae Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 12: 779 (1936)
= Scillaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 284 (1818)
= Themidaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 84 (1866)
= Tupistraceae Schnizl., Iconogr. Fam. Regn. Veg. 1: 72 (1846)
= Yuccaceae J.Agardh, Theoria Syst. Pl.: 8 (1858)
138.7613 Genus Muscari Tourn. ex Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VI (1752)
Distribution: Mediterranean, Caucasus, Asia Minor to Pakistan and Middle Asia. Leopoldia and Pseudomuscari are frequently treated as separate genera.
Species listed in database: 56
= Botryanthus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 310 (1843)
= Botrycomus Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 160
= Botryphile Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 25 (1866)
= Comus Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 24 (1866)
= Czekelia Schur, Österr. Bot. Wochenschr. (1856) 237
= Etheiranthus Kostel., Ind. Hort. Prag. 56 (1844)
= Eubotrys Raf., Fl. Tellur., Pt. 3, 5 (1837)
= Muscarimia Kostel. ex Losinsk., V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 411 (1935)
= Moscharia Tourn. ex Salisb., Gen. Char. Engl. Bot. 25 (1806)
= Pelotris Raf., Autikon Botanikon, 125 (1840)
species :
Muscari adilii M.B.Güner & H.Duman; Karaca Arbor. Mag. 5(2): 59 (1999)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari albiflorum (Täckh. & Boulos) Hosni; Taeckholmia, 11: 54 (1988)
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY
Synonyms: hidden
= Leopoldia albiflora Täckh. & Boulos, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 80 (1974)
= Muscari albiflorum (Täckh. & Boulos) D.Heller, Conspect. Fl. Orientalis 6: 32 (1991)
species :
Muscari alexandrae A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 96(4): 106 (1991)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus
33 GEO NCS
species :
Muscari alpanicum Schchian; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Acad. Sc. URSS, Sect. Georgica, Fasc. 2, 13 (1938)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: possibly a synonym of M. armeniacum
species :
Muscari anatolicum Cowley & Özhatay; Kew Bull., 49(3): 485 (1994)
Distribution: Turkey; Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC 34 TUR
species :
Muscari armeniacum Leichtlin ex Baker; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 9: 798 (1878)
Name: Armenian grape hyacinth
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Channel Isl. [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] (Racha-Lechkhumi, Adzharia, Kartli, Javakheti, Kakheti); Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, Nachichevan); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Ohio [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
12 cis 13 BUL GRC NMA SRB TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus szovitsianus Hort.Bonn. ex Baker, Gard. Chron. (1878) I. 799
= Muscari colchicum Grossh., Trud. Azerb. Otdyel. Zakavk. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sect. Bot., 1: 50 (1933)
= Muscari concinnum Baker, Gard. Chron., n. s., 9: 799 (1878)
= Muscari conicum Baker, Gard. Chron., n. s., 9: 799 (1878)
= Muscari cyaneo-violaceum Turrill, Bot. Mag. t. 9372 (1934)
= Muscari dolychanthum Woronow & Tron, Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 417, 744 (1935)
= Muscari maweanum Baker, Gard. Chron., III, 5: 648 (1889)
= Muscari micranthum Baker, Gard. Chron., n. s., 9: 799 (1878)
= Muscari pauperulum Stapf, Denkschr. Acad. Wien, 50: (1885) 78
= Muscari pendulum Trautv., Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: (1873) 484
= Muscari polyanthum Boiss., Fl. 5: 297 (1882)
= Muscari pyramidatum Velen., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 556
= Muscari schliemanni Freyn & Asch., Flora, 68: (1885) 6
= Muscari sosnovskyi Schchian, Trudy Tbilissk Bot. Inst. 10: 224 (1946)
= Muscari szovitsianum Baker, Gard. Chron. (1878) I. 799
species :
Muscari artvinense Demirci & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 544 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari atillae Yildirim; Phytotaxa 213(3): 291 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari atlanticum Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bot. Hispan.: 114 (1852)
Distribution: Spain (mountains); Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: neglectum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus atlanticus (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 734 (1882)
= Muscari atlanticum var. valentinum Pau, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 447 (1899)
= Muscari neglectum ssp. atlanticum (Boiss. & Reut.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 100 (2001)
= Muscari neglectum var. atlanticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Maire, É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc: 133 (1931)
= Muscari granatense Freyn, Flora, 68: (1885) 7
species :
Muscari aucheri (Boiss.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 11: 418 (1871)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus aucheri Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 5: 63 (1844)
= Muscari lingulatum Baker, Journ. Bot. 12: (1874) 6
= Muscari sintenisii Freyn & Conrath, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 193 (1896)
= Muscari tubergenianum Hoog ex Turrill, Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc., Lond. 77: 367 (1952)
= Scilla tubergeniana Hoog, Gard. Chron., Ser. III. 99: 330, anglice. (1936)
species :
Muscari baeticum Blanca, Ruíz Rejón & Suár.-Sant.; Taxon 56(4): 1184 (2007)
Distribution: N- & C-Spain (mountains)
12 SPA
Remarks: neglectum agg.
species :
Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 1 (1768)
Name: Kleine Traubenhyazinthe, Common grape hyacinth
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Corsica; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; Belarus [I]; Sicily; Belgium [I]; Netherlands [I]; European Russia [I]; Iran [I] (SW-Iran [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I])
11 AUT bgm GER HUN LIE net POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 blr rus UKR 34 irn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus alpestris Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 23 (1870)
= Botryanthus boraeanus Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 22 (1870)
= Botryanthus candidus Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 23 (1870)
= Botryanthus compactus Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 24 ( 187)
= Botryanthus conicus Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 24 (1870)
= Botryanthus festinus Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 23 (1870)
= Botryanthus kerneri (Marches.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2(1): 307 (1889)
= Botryanthus lelievrei (Boreau) Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 23 (1870)
= Botryanthus vulgaris Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 311 (1843)
= Botryphile botryoides (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 25 (1866)
= Czekelia transsylvanica (Schur) Schur, Österr. Bot. Wochenschr. (1856) 237
= Eubotrys arvensis (L.) Raf., Autikon Bot. 124 (1840)
= Hyacinthus botryoides L., Sp. Pl. 318 (1753)
= Muscari alpinum Szafer ex Racib., Kosmos, Lemberg, 35: 739-767 (1910)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. hungaricum Priszter, Bot. Kozlem., 59(1): 46 (1972)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. kerneri (Marches.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 227 (1890)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. lelievrei (Boreau) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 227 (1890)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. lelievrii (Boreau) Garbari, Webbia, 38: 142 (1984)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. longifolium (Rigo) Garbari, Inform. Bot. Ital. 28(1): 59 (1996)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. motelayi (Foucaud) Kerguélen, Lejeunia, 120: 130 (1987)
= Muscari botryoides ssp. transsilvanicum (Schur) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 10: 376 (1964)
= Muscari carpaticum Racib., Racib. & Szafer, Fl. Polska, i.137 (1919)
= Muscari hymenophorum Heldr. ex Boiss., Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 109 (1859)
= Muscari inodorum Montandon, Guide Bot. 313 (1868)
= Muscari kerneri (Marches.) Soldano, Annot. Checkl. Italian Vasc. Fl. 20 (2005)
= Muscari kerneri Marches., Boll. Soc. Adr. Se. Trieste, 7: (1882) 266
= Muscari kerneri var. lacteiflorum Borbás, Term. Közl. 1896: 277 (1896)
= Muscari lelievrei Boreau, Not. Pl. Fr. 2: 29 (1846)
= Muscari longifolium Rigo, Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. nov. ser., 12: 152 (1905)
= Muscari motelayi Foucaud, Bull. Soc. sci. nat. Char. Infer. (1891) 60 cum ic.
= Muscari pocuticum Zapal., Consp. Fl. Galic. Crit. 1: 164 (1906)
= Muscari polyphyllum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 676 (1866)
= Muscari racemosum ssp. botryoides (L.) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France 300 (1894)
= Muscari racemosum ssp. lelievrei (Boreau) Douin, Fl. Ill. France 10: 90 (1929)
= Muscari transsilvanicum Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: (1853) 76
= Scilla inflata Salisb., Prod. 243 (1796)
species :
Muscari bourgaei Baker; J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 11: 416 (1871)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Muscari cazorlanum C.Soriano, Rivas Ponce, R.Lozano & M.Ruíz; Lagascalia, 15(2): 145 (1990)
Distribution: Spain (Jaen: Sa. de Cazorla etc.)
12 SPA
Remarks: neglectum agg.
species :
Muscari commutatum Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 426 (1827)
Distribution: Crete; Greece; Italy; ?Montenegro; Croatia; Sicily; East Aegaean Isl.; Iran (EC-Iran); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 34 EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus albovirens Tod., Nuovi Gen. 76 (1861)
= Botryanthus commutatus (Guss.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 311 (1843)
= Botryanthus commutatus (Guss.) Kunth, Enum.Pl.4: 311 (1843)
= Botryanthus commutatus var. latifolius Parl., Fl. Ital. 2: 503 (1857)
= Botryanthus strangwaisii (Kotschy ex Baker) Nyman, Consp. fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I.(1889) 307
= Hyacinthus bifolius Gouan ex Schult. & Schult.fil., Syst. Veg. 7: 594 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Hyacinthus commutatus (Guss.) Ten., Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 176 (1831)
= Muscari acutilobum Bertol., Misc. Bot. 1: 21 (1842)
= Muscari albovirens (Tod.) Nyman, Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 65 (1865)
= Muscari levieri Heldr. ex Sommier & Levier, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 267 (1890)
= Muscari strangwaisii Kotschy ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 11: (1871) 417
species :
Muscari discolor Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 300 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Muscari dolichanthum Woronow & Tron; Fl. SSSR 4: 744 (1935)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari steupii Woronow & Tron, Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 418, 745 (1935)
species :
Muscari elegantulum Schchian; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 17, 114 (1953)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
species :
Muscari fatmacereniae Eker; Phytotaxa 397(1): 102 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari fertile Ravenna; Onira 7: 13 (2002)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari filiforme Ravenna; Onira 6: 21 (2001)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari grandifolium Baker; Refug. Bot. 3: t. 173 (1870)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari grandifolium var. populeum (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord (1931)
= Muscari grandifolium var. rifanum Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord (1931)
= Muscari populeum Braun-Blanq. & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 13: 194 (1922)
species :
Muscari heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 109 (1859)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos, C-Greece)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus heldreichii (Boiss.) Jord. & Fourr., Ic. Pl. Eur. 2: 24 (1870)
species :
Muscari hermonense Ravenna; Onira 7: 15 (2002)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari hierosolymitanum Ravenna; Onira 6: 20 (2001)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari inundatum Yildirim & Eker; Phytotaxa 484(2): 182 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari kerkis Karlén; Willdenowia 14: 112, f. 9 (1984)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
species :
Muscari kurdicum Maroofi; Iranian J. Bot. 13(2): 75 (2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Muscari lafarinae (Lojac.) C.Brullo & Brullo; Gruppi Crit. Fl. Ital. 43 (2009)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari lafarinae (Tineo ex Parl.) Garbari, Giorn. Bot. Ital. cii. 95 (1968)
= Botryanthus lafarinae Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 97 (1909)
species :
Muscari latifolium Kirk; Edinb. New Phil. J. n. s, 7: 317 (1858)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia monophylla J.Gay ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 294 (1882)
= Bellevalia muscaroides Mast., Journ. L. Soc. 3: (1859) 113
species :
Muscari lazulinum Ravenna; Onira 6: 19 (2001)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari leucostomum Woronow; Fedde, Repert. 27: 267 (1930)
Distribution: Tajikistan, etc.
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari bucharicum Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: t. 19 (1884)
species :
Muscari macbeathianum Kit Tan; Herbertia, 44(1): 26 (1988)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari macrocarpum Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. ser. 1, t. 210 (1827)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades); Turkey (SW-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari creticum (Baker) N.E.Br., Suppl. Johnson´s Gard. Dict.: 965 (1882), non Vierh.
= Muscari luteum Tod. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 733 (1882)
= Muscari moschatum var flavum Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 38: t. 1565 (1813)
= Muscari moschatum var. creticum Baker
= Muscarimia flava (Ker Gawl.) Garbari, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 102: 94 (1968)
= Muscarimia macrocarpa (Sweet) Garbari, Giorn. Bot. Ital. ciii. 613 (1970)
species :
Muscari maritimum Desf.; Fl. Atl. 1: 308 (1798)
Distribution: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Palestine
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 IRN LEB PAL SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia fontanesii Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 733 (1882)
= Bellevalia maritima (Desf.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 307 (1843)
= Etheiranthus maritimus (Desf.) Kostel., Ind. Hort. Prag. 56 (1844)
= Hyacinthus maritimus (Desf.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 375 (1805)
= Leopoldia maritima (Desf.) Parl., Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: II. (1847) 162
species :
Muscari microstomum Davis & Stuart; Lily Year Book 30: 124 (1966)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Muscari nazimiyense Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(1): 14 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.; Fl. Neap. Syll. App. Quinta 13 (1842)
Name: Dunkle Traubenhyazinthe (DE); Southern Grape Hyacinth (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Baleares; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Croatia; Portugal; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Sardinia; Sicily; England [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli); Russian Far East; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badghys, Farah, Herat, Kabul); Pakistan (Quetta); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Algeria; Morocco; Libya; Tunisia; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I])
10 grb 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 31 RFE 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 PAK 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: neglectum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus breviscapus Tod., Hort. Bot. Panorm. 1: 5 (1875)
= Botryanthus granatensis (Freyn) Nyman, Consp. fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: I.(1889) 307
= Botryanthus mandraliscae Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 99 (1909)
= Botryanthus mordoanus (Heldr.) Nyman, Consp. 734 (1882)
= Botryanthus neglectus (Guss. ex Ten.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 679 (1843)
= Botryanthus neglectus ssp. odorus O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Paísos Catalans 4: 100 (2001)
= Botryanthus odorus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 311 (1843)
= Botryanthus racemosus (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 160
= Botryanthus saulii Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Orient. 4: 44 (1851)
= Botryanthus speciosus (Marches.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2(1): 307 (1889)
= Botryanthus strangwaysii (Ten.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 679 (1843)
= Etheiranthus jacquinii Kostel., Ind. Hort. Prag. 56 (1844)
= Eubotrys odorata Raf., Autikon Bot. 124 (1840)
= Hyacinthus juncifolius Lam., Fl. Fr. 3: 271 (1779)
= Hyacinthus neglectus (Guss. ex Ten.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland ed. 2, 1: 106 (1906)
= Hyacinthus racemosus L., Sp. Pl. 318 (1753), nom. ambig.
= Muscari atlanticum ssp. alpinum (Fiori) Garbari, Webbia, 38: 144 (1984)
= Muscari bootanensis Griff., Ic. Pl. Asiat. t. 280 (1851)
= Muscari botryoides var. bucharicum Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 655 (1884)
= Muscari breviscapum (Tod.) N.E.Br., Suppl. Johnson´s Gard. Dict.: 965 (1882)
= Muscari compactum Baker, Gard. Chron., n. s., 9: 799 (1878)
= Muscari compactum Jord. ex Nyman, Consp. 734 (1882)
= Muscari dolioliforme Sobko, Ukr. Bot. Zhurn., 28(4): 439 (1971)
= Muscari elwesii Baker, Gard. Chron. (1878) I. 798
= Muscari flaccidum O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 73 (1934)
= Muscari fontqueri Sennen, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s., 71: 15 (1925)
= Muscari grossheimii Schchian, Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 17, 112 (1953)
= Muscari letourneuxii Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 299 (1882)
= Muscari macranthum Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 192 (1896)
= Muscari mordoanum Heldr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 28: (1878) 52
= Muscari neglectum f. bertramii Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord (1941)
= Muscari neglectum ssp. odorum (Kunth) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 100 (2001)
= Muscari neglectum ssp. speciosum (Marches.) Garbari, Webbia, 38: 148 (1984)
= Muscari neglectum var. fontqueri (Sennen) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 100 (2001)
= Muscari neglectum var. macranthum (Freyn) Eker, e-Fl. Turkey (Muscari, Muscarimia, Leopoldia): 18 (2022)
= Muscari neglectum var. valentinum (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans 4: 100 (2001)
= Muscari nivale Stapf, Denkschr. Acad. Wien, 50: (1885) 13
= Muscari odoratum Montandon, Guide Bot. 313 (1868)
= Muscari racemosum (L.) Medik., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 2: 13 (1793), nom. illeg.
= Muscari racemosum ssp. neglectum (Ten.) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie 575 (1894)
= Muscari racemosum var. alpinum Fiori, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s., 7: 253 (1900)
= Muscari racemosum var. neglectum (Guss. ex Ten.) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 790 (1896)
= Muscari skorpili Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 557 (1891)
= Muscari speciosum Marches., Bull. Soc. Adr. Trieste, 8: (1882) 267
= Muscari strangwaysii Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1837) 5 (Stangwaysii)
= Muscari szovitsianum Rupr. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 295 (1882)
= Muscari vandasii Velen., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 555
= Muscari woronowii Losinsk. & Tron, Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 418, 744 (1935)
= Scilla suaveolens Salisb., Prod. 243 (1796)
species :
Muscari olivetorum Blanca, Ruíz Rejón & Suár.-Sant.; Taxon 56(4): 1184 (2007)
Distribution: S-, C- & E-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Muscari pamiryigidii Eker; Phytotaxa 408(4): 256 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari parviflorum Desf.; Fl. Atl. 1: 309 (1798)
Name: Kleinblütige Traubenhyazinthe (DE); Lesser Grape Hyacinth (EN)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca); Crete; Greece; SE-Spain; Gibraltar; Italy; San Marino; Montenegro; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Macedonia; Croatia; Sicily; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Turkey (N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
12 BAL GIB SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT SIC SMA TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus autumnalis (Guss.) Heynh., Alph. Aufz. Gew. 2: 75 (1846)
= Botryanthus parviflorus (Desf.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 312 (1843)
= Hyacinthus parviflorus (Desf.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 375 (1805)
= Muscari autumnale Guss., Ind. Sem. Hort. Boccad. (1825)
= Muscari cilicicum Kotschy, Reise Taur. 379 (1858)
= Muscari filifolium Wahlenb., Bergg. Resor, 2: Bihang, 60
species :
Muscari pseudopallens Eker, Yildirim & Armagan; e-Fl. Turkey (Muscari, Muscarimia, Leopoldia): 37 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari pulchellum Heldr. & Sart.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 109 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. pulchellum
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Botryanthus sartorii Tod., Hort. Bot. Panorm.: t. 5 (1876)
= Botryanthus pulchellus (Heldr. & Sart.) Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 23 (1870)
= Muscari racemosum ssp. pulchellum (Heldr. & Sartori ex Boiss.) Stoj. & Stef., Fl. Bulgar. ed. 3: 260 (1948)
subspecies :
subsp. clepsydroides Karlén; Willdenowia 14: 112 (1984)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari pulchellum var. amoenum Heldr. ex Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 271 (1903)
species :
Muscari racemosum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 3 (1768)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Slovenia [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]
13 ita sic slv 33 geo 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus muscari L., Sp. Pl. 317 (1753)
= Moscharea muscari (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl. Fragm. 25 (1866)
= Muscari ambrosiacum Moench, Meth. 633 (1794)
= Muscari moschatum Willd., Enum. Pl. Horti Berol. 378 (1809)
= Muscari muscari (L.) Voss, Vilmorin´s Blumeng., ed. 3, Sieber & Voss,i. 1124(1895)
= Muscari muscarimi Medik., Usteri, Ann. Bot. 2: 15 (1791)
= Muscarimia muscari (L.) Losinsk., Kom., Fl. URSS, 4: 411 (1935)
= Scilla fragrans Salisb., Prod. 243 (1796)
species :
Muscari sabihapinariae Eroglu, Pínar & Fidan; Nordic J. Bot. 37(11)-e02514: 2 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari sandrasicum Karlén; Willdenowia 16: 375, f. 1 (1987)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Muscari serpentinicum Yildirim, Altioglu & Pirhan; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 21(1): 3 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari sivrihisardaghlarensis Yild. & B.Selvi; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 9(1): 9 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari stenanthum Freyn; Flora, 68: (1885) 4
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Muscari tauricum Demirci, Özhatay & E.Kaya; Phytotaxa 399(2): 112 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari tavoricum Ravenna; Onira 7: 14 (2002)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Muscari turcicum Uysal, Ertugrul & Dural; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 154(2): 233 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari tuzgoluensis Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 18(1): 9 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari ufukii E.Kaya & Demirci; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 545 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari vanense Uysal; Phytotaxa 536(1): 55 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Muscari vuralii Bagci & Dogu; Nordic J. Bot. 27(3): 243 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 12.11 (March 2022)

Covering 353,956 valid species, 43,595 valid infraspecific taxa and 861,383 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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